Twenty Trees

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1800-1850

Act of Union Peerages

In Dec 1800 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (62) created a number of peers who supported the Act of Union ....
On 21 Dec 1800 Charles Stanley Monck 1st Viscount Monck 1754-1802 (46) was created 1st Viscount Monck.
On 29 Dec 1800 ....
James Harris 1st Earl Malmesbury 1746-1820 (54) was created 1st Earl Malmesbury.
Murrough Obrien 1st Marquess Thomond 1726-1808 (74) was created 1st Marquess Thomond. Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond 1750-1820 by marriage Marchioness Thomond.
Charles Loftus 1st Marquess Ely 1738-1806 (62) was created 1st Marquess Ely in County Wexford.
James Alexander 1st Earl Caledon 1730-1802 (70) was created 1st Earl Caledon in County Tyrone.

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

After 1800. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond 1750-1820.

Around 1800. Thomas Phillips Painter 1770-1845 (29). Portrait of Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond 1750-1820.

Act of Union

In Dec 1800 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (62) created a number of peers who supported the Act of Union ....
On 21 Dec 1800 Charles Stanley Monck 1st Viscount Monck 1754-1802 (46) was created 1st Viscount Monck.
On 29 Dec 1800 ....
James Harris 1st Earl Malmesbury 1746-1820 (54) was created 1st Earl Malmesbury.
Murrough Obrien 1st Marquess Thomond 1726-1808 (74) was created 1st Marquess Thomond. Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond 1750-1820 by marriage Marchioness Thomond.
Charles Loftus 1st Marquess Ely 1738-1806 (62) was created 1st Marquess Ely in County Wexford.
James Alexander 1st Earl Caledon 1730-1802 (70) was created 1st Earl Caledon in County Tyrone.

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

After 1800. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond 1750-1820.

Around 1800. Thomas Phillips Painter 1770-1845 (29). Portrait of Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond 1750-1820.

On 01 Jan 1801 the Act of Union came into force by which Great Britain and Ireland were united creating the United Kingdom. Actually two Acts of Union with the same title: one for the Parliament of Great Britain and one for the Parliament of Ireland.

1804 Sinking of HMS York

In Jan 1804 Captain Henry Reveley Mitford 1769-1804 (35) drowned during the 1804 Sinking of HMS York.

In Jan 1804 HMS York was sunk having struck Bell Rock with the loss of all 491 on-board. The tragedy resulted in the construction of Bell Rock Lighthouse.

Battle of Trafalgar

On 21 Oct 1805 Admiral Henry Digby 1770-1842 (35) commanded HMS Africa at Cape Trafalgar during the Battle of Trafalgar.

Funeral of Horatio Nelson

Gazette 15881. 09 Jan 1806. Early in the Morning of Thursday the 9th Instant, His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales (43), Their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of the Blood Royal, with several of the Great Officers, and the Nobility and Gentry, in their Carriages; the Relations of the Deceased, with the Officers and others of his Household, the Officers of Armss, and a Number of Naval Officers, in Mourning Coaches, assembled in Hyde Park; having been admitted at Cumberland and Grosvenor Gates upon producing Tickets issued from the College of Arms.; and, having there been marshalled within the Rails, proceeded, One by One, across Piccadilly, into St. James's Park, by the Gate at the top of Constitution Hill, and onwards, through the Horse Guards, to the Admiralty, in the Order in which they were to move in the Procession.
The Chief Mourner, with his Supporters and Train-Bearer, and the several Naval Officers to whom Duties were assigned in the Solemnity, assembled at the Admiralty : the Seamen and Marines of the Victory, the Pensioners from Greenwich Hospital, the Watermen of the Deceased, the Six Conductors, the Messenger of the College of Arms, and the Marshal's-Men, with the Trumpets and Drums, were stationed in the Admiralty Yard.
.

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

On 09 Jan 1806 the funeral of Horatio Nelson 1st Viscount Nelson 1758-1805 was held at St Paul's Cathedral.

Before 1805 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of Horatio Nelson 1st Viscount Nelson 1758-1805.

Publication of Pride and Predjudice

On 28 Jan 1813 Jane Austen's (37) novel Pride and Predjudice was first published by Thomas Egerton Publisher of Whitehall.

Creation of Irish Earls

On 22 Jan 1816 two new Irish Eardom's were created ...
Richard White 1st Earl Bantry 1767-1851 (48) was created 1st Earl Bantry. Margaret Anne Hare Countess Bantry -1835 by marriage Countess Bantry.
Richard Butler 1st Earl Glengall 1775-1819 (40) was created 1st Earl Glengall.

Battle of New Orleans

On 08 Jan 1815 Edward "Ned" Pakenham 1778-1815 (36) was killed at New Orleans, Louisiana during the Battle of New Orleans.

Battle of Quatre Bras

On 16 Jun 1815 Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (47) fought and was hit by one of the last cannon shots of the day necessitating the amputation of this leg during the Battle of Quatre Bras.
Algernon Frederick Greville 1798-1864 (16) fought.
James Hay 1797-1815 (18) was killed.

Battle of Waterloo

On 18 Jun 1815 Edward Hawkins Cheney 1778-1848 (36) fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Algernon Frederick Greville 1798-1864 (16) fought at Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Frederick Howard 1785-1815 (29) was killed during the Battle of Waterloo. He was buried at Castle Howard Mausoleum, Castle Howard, North Yorkshire.

On 18 Jun 1815 Henry Lascelles 3rd Earl Harewood 1797-1857 (18) fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 William Ponsonby 1772-1815 (42) was killed at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 the Battle of Waterloo was fought
Beaumont Hotham 3rd Baron Hotham 1794-1870 (20) was present.
Charles Augustus Fitzroy 1796-1858 (19) was wounded.
Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (47).

On 19 Jun 1815 Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Gordon 1786–1815 (29) died having had his leg amputated the previous day.

"Emma" published by Jane Austen

On 23 Dec 1815 the book "Emma" by Jane Austen 1775-1817 (40) was first published (Note. the title page stated 1816).

Death of Princess Charlotte

On 06 Nov 1817 Princess Charlotte Augusta Hanover 1796-1817 (21) died in childbirth at Claremont House, Esher. He buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

On 13 Feb 1818 Richard Croft 6th Baronet Physician 1762-1818 (56) shot himself as a consequence of the death of Princess Charlotte Augusta Hanover 1796-1817 to whom he had been physician durig her labour. A copy of Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost was found open with the passage (Act V, Scene II): "Fair Sir, God save you! Where is the Princess?".

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824-1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. After my dear mother's death I visited a great deal with my father (53), and one year we went for the shooting to Lord Huntingfield's place, Heveningham Hall. I slept in the bedroom once occupied by the famous Chevalier d'Éon, who had been a frequent guest at Heveningham, and about whom there were many stories told. It was said that the Chevalier was the one and only lover of cross-grained Queen Charlotte, and that her son, George IV, was the result of their intimacy, although his paternity was of course admitted by King George III. The animosity always displayed by the old Queen to her grand-daughter, Princess Charlotte, was supposed to arise from the fact that as heiress to the throne she innocently dispossessed the other Royal Dukes from the succession. It is certainly a fact that the Princess's untimely death in childbirth was attributed to foul play at the time, and when later the accoucheur Sir Richard Croft, committed suicide, all classes of society were loud in condemnation of the Queen and the Prince Regent. I do not vouch for the accuracy of Queen Charlotte's love affair. I only give the Heveningham gossip as I heard it.
As D'Eon was undoubtedly one of the most picturesque and mysterious personages ot the eighteenth century I was naturally interested in these somewhat scandalous stories.
The ChevalierChevalier wrote his secret cipher communications, and I wondered whether the brocade crowns and frills and furbelows that he wore as a woman had ever hung in the old wardrobe which I used.
My father and I also stayed with the Westmorlands at Apethorpe Hall ; we visited the Earl (38) and Countess of Chichester (36) at Stanmer Park, and we were welcome guests at Cadlands, Silverlands, Chiswick House, West Park, and my uncle Lord Stradbroke's place, Henham Hall, which was afterwards burnt down.
I had visited Deene Park with my mother in 1842, but I must deal with my future home in the chapter devoted to Deene and its associations.

Around 1766 Johan Joseph Zoffany Painter 1733-1810 (32). Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (21).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (23).

1777. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (38). Portrait of the Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (32).

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

1818 General Election

In 1818 Peregrine Cust 1791-1873 (26) was elected MP Honiton during the 1818 General Election.

Death of Charles XIII King Sweden

On 05 Feb 1818 Charles XIII King Sweden 1748-1818 (69) died.

1771. Alexander Roslin Painter 1718-1793 (52). Portrait of Gustav III King Sweden 1746-1792 and his brothers Charles XIII King Sweden 1748-1818 (22) and Frederick Adolph Duke of Östergötland 1750-1803 (20).

Death of King George III

On 29 Jan 1820 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (81) died at Windsor Castle. His son George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (57) succeeded IV King United Kingdom: Hanover. Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (51) by marriage Queen Consort England. His reign the third longest after Victoria and Elizabeth II.

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

In 1798. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830 (28). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (29).

1819. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (41). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (50).

1820. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (42). Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (51).

Funeral of King George III

On 16 Feb 1820 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

Coronation of King George IV

On 17 Jul 1821 Charles Brudenell 1st Marquess Ailesbury 1773-1856 (48) was created 1st Marquess Ailesbury (1C) on the occasion of the Coronation of King George IV.

Around 19 Jul 1821 James Wandesford Butler 1st Marquess Ormonde 1777-1838 (44) was created 1st Baron Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of King George IV. Grace Louisa Staples Marchioness Ormonde -1860 by marriage Baroness Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire.

On 19 Jul 1821 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (58) was crowned IV King United Kingdom: Hanover.
William Cavendish 6th Duke Devonshire 1790-1858 (31) carried the Orb at Westminster Abbey.
Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard 1766-1824 (54).
Edward Boscawen 1st Earl Falmouth 1787-1841 (34) was created 1st Earl Falmouth (2C 1821).

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

On 28 Jun 1853 Francis Charteris 8th Earl Wemyss Douglas 4th Earl March 1772-1853 (81) died. His son Francis Charles Charteris 9th Earl Wemyss 1796-1883 (56) succeeded 9th Earl Wemyss. Louisa Bingham Countess Wemyss by marriage Countess Wemyss.
His obituary in the Gentleman's Magazine by Sylvanus Urban Volume XL reads as follows:
THE EARL OF WEMYSS AND MARCH June 28 At Gosford House East Lothian in his 81st year the Right Hon Francis Wemyss Charteris Wemyss sixth Earl of Wemyss and Lord Elcho and Methel 1633 Baron Wemyss of Elcho 1628 Earl of March Viscount of Peebles and Lord Niedpath, Lyne and Munard 1697 all dignities in the peerage of Scotland Baron Wemyss of Wemyss co Fife 1821 and Lord Lieutenant of Peebleshire.
He was born on the 15th April 1772 the only son of Francis Lord Elcho son and heir apparent of the fifth Earl by Miss Susan Tracy Keck one of the Maids of Honour to Queen Charlotte the second daughter of Anthony Tracy Keck esq of Great Tew co Oxford by Lady Susan Hamilton fourth daughter of James fourth Duke of Hamilton and first Duke of Brandon KG and KT.
In early life his lordship had a commission in the army and from 1793 to 1797 was aide de camp to his grand uncle Lord Adam Gordon Commander in chief of the forces in Scotland He quitted the army in 1797.
His father Lord Elcho died on the 20th June 1808 and his grandfather on the 24th August following whereupon he succeeded to the Earldom of Wemyss and its attendant titles. On the death of William fourth Duke of Queensberry in Dec 1810 he inherited the barony of Niedpath and the extensive property which had belonged to his Grace in the county of Peebles in pursuance of the terms of the marriage contract of the first Earl of March his Grace's grandfather. He also succeeded to the dignities of Earl of March, Viscount of Peebles and Lord Douglas of Niedpath, Lyne and Munard the patent of creation being to Lord William Douglas et heredes masculos de ejus corpore quibus deficientibus alios ejus hæredes masin culos et talliæ contentos in ejus infeofa mentis terrarum et dominii de Niedpath.
His Lordship was created a peer of the united kingdom by the title of Baron Wemyss at the Coronation of King George IV by patent dated 17 Jul 1821. He supported the Conservative party in parliament but took but little interest in politics
He married May 31 1794 Margaret fourth daughter of Walter Campbell esq of Shawfield by his first wife Eleanor daughter of Robert Kerr of Newfield eldest son of Lord Charles Kerr second son of Robert first Marquess of Lothian. By that lady who died in 1850 he had issue two sons and nine daughters 1 Francis his successor (56) 2 Lady Eleanor married in 1820 to Walter Frederick Campbell of Woodhall co Lanark (55) esq eldest son of Colonel John Campbell by Lady Charlotte (78) daughter of John fifth Duke of Argyle and died in 1832 3 the Hon Walter died 1818 4 Susan who died in infancy 5 Lady Margaret married in 1824 to Lieut Colonel John Wildman and died in 1825 6 Lady Katharine married in 1824 to her cousin George Harry Lord Grey of Groby who died in 1835 and she died in 1844 leaving issue the present Earl of Stamford and Warrington (26) and Lady Margaret Milbanke 7 Lady Charlotte (58) married in 1825 to Andrew Fletcher esq of Salton Castle East Lothian 8 Lady Louisa Antoinetta (58) married in 1832 to William Forbes esq of Callendar co Stirling late MP for Stirlingshire 9 Lady Harriet (58) married in 1829 to Sir George Grant Suttie Bart 10 Lady Jane and 11 Lady Caroline. The present Earl (56) was born in 1796 married in 1817 Lady Louisa Bingham fourth daughter of Richard 2d Earl Lucan by whom he has issue Francis Lord Elcho (34) four other sons and daughters.

Death of King George IV

On 26 Jun 1830 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (67) died. His brother William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64) succeeded IV King United Kingdom: Hanover. Adelaide Saxe-Meiningen Queen Consort England (37) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (76). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (52). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

Coronation of William IV

On 19 Jul 1821 Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard 1766-1824 (54) being ill at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of William IV.

On 08 Sep 1831 Arthur Chichester 1st Baron Templemore 1797-1837 (34) was created 1st Baron Templemore of Templemore in Donegal during the Coronation of William IV. Augusta Paget Baroness Templemore 1802-1872 (29) by marriage Baroness Templemore of Templemore in Donegal.

On 08 Sep 1831 William Harry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland 1766-1842 (65) bore the Third Sword at the Coronation of William IV.

On 08 Sep 1831 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (66) was crowned IV King United Kingdom: Hanover at Westminster Abbey.
Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (63) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard 1766-1824 being ill.

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (76). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (52). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

1835 Marriage Act

In Aug 1835 the 1835 Marriage Act made marriage between those of certain degrees of affinity (in-laws) and consanguinity (blood) as defined in the Anglican Book of Common Prayer illegal including marrying the spouse of one's deceased relative. Those with sufficient funds could overcome the prohibition by marrying abroad. Gretna Green also appears to have been outside the jurisdiction of the Act.

On 28 Sep 1840 George Edward Waldegrave 7th Earl Waldegrave 1816-1846 (24) and Frances Braham Countess Waldegrave 1821-1879 (19) were married at Gretna Green thereby avoiding the constraint of the 1835 Marriage Act; he being the legitimate younger brother of her first husband.

Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria

On 20 Jun 1837 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (71) died at Windsor Castle. His niece Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (18) succeeded I King United Kingdom: Hanover. His brother Ernest Augustus King Hanover 1771-1851 (66) succeeded King Hanover. Frederica Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover 1778-1841 (59) by marriage Queen Consort Hanover.
At 5am Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 (40) and William Howley Archbishop of Canterbury 1766-1848 (71) went to Kensington Palace to inform the Princess she was now Queen. Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 (40) was the first to address her as 'Your Majesty'.

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (76). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (52). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

1880.Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903 (51). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (60) being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and William Howley Archbishop of Canterbury 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria

Coronation of Queen Victoria

On 28 Jun 1838 Lawrence Dundas 1st Earl Zetland 1766-1839 (72) was created 1st Earl Zetland (Shetland) on the occasion of the Coronation of Queen Victoria for having provided financial assistance to the new Queen's parents, the Duke Duchess of Kent, in the years preceding her accession. Harriet Hale Countess Zetland 1769-1834 by marriage Countess Zetland (Shetland).

On 28 Jun 1838 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19) was crowned I King United Kingdom: Hanover.

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

Night of the Big Wind

On 06 Jan 1839 an enormous storm, known in Ireland as "Night of the Big Wind", the largest in three-hundred years, caused significant loss of life and damage in Ireland, particularly Dublin where one fifth of property was destroyed, and western Britain, partiularly Liverpool. The next day a number of passenger ships were lost.

Death of Flora Hastings

On 05 Jul 1839 Flora Elizabeth Rawdon-Hastings 1806-1839 (33) died. She had suffered a swelling in her abdomen. She refused an examinatinon and pregnancy. Rumours spread by among others Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20) that she was pregnant. When Lady Flora (33) did finally consent to an examination she was found to an advanced cancerous liver tumour, and had only months left to live. Queen Victoria (20) visited Lady Flora on 27 Jun 1839 eight days before her death.

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824-1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. As I have previously stated, I used to see a great deal of Lord Cardigan (59) at my father's house, but he treated me quite like a jeune fille, although I was always asked to the great parties he gave during the Season. In January 1857 I went with my father to Deene, and this visit was destined to change the whole of my life.
We arrived late in the afternoon to find ourselves the additions of a great house-party, and I can picture Lord Cardigan as I saw him then, surrounded by the Duchess of Montrose (39), Baroness Ufford and Mrs. Dudley Ward, who all regarded me with none too friendly eyes. Cardigan (59) told me afterwards that, when I entered the room, he realised at once I was the one woman in the world for him. He was an impulsive character, and he lost no time in letting me see the impression I had made, and I was flattered and delighted to feel that I was loved by him.
After we left Deene, Lord Cardigan followed us to London, and needless to say his marked attentions to me soon became the topic of much spiteful and jealous gossip. Those Early Victorian days were exceptionally conventional, and the Court was still as narrow-minded as when poor Lady Flora Hastings [See Death of Flora Hastings] had been the victim of its lying slander.

Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

10 Feb 1840. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (47). Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Hayter included portraits of fifty-six of those present at the occasion and sittings took place over the next year. The Queen (20) sat for him in March in her 'Bridal dress, veil, wreath & all', and Prince Albert (20) also posed for his portrait several times during the following months. Hayter's family too helped out with his son, Henry, modelling the Prince's costume, while his daughter Mary posed for the Queen's arm and wearing the veil. Victoria's aunt Queen Adelaide (47), however, was unwilling to co-operate and the artist had to refer to a miniature for her likeness. Hayter included himself in the painting, on the lower right, with his sketchbook and pencil.

10 Feb 1840. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (47). Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Hayter included portraits of fifty-six of those present at the occasion and sittings took place over the next year. The Queen (20) sat for him in March in her 'Bridal dress, veil, wreath & all', and Prince Albert (20) also posed for his portrait several times during the following months. Hayter's family too helped out with his son, Henry, modelling the Prince's costume, while his daughter Mary posed for the Queen's arm and wearing the veil. Victoria's aunt Queen Adelaide (47), however, was unwilling to co-operate and the artist had to refer to a miniature for her likeness. Hayter included himself in the painting, on the lower right, with his sketchbook and pencil.

On 10 Feb 1840 Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (20) and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20) were married (he was her first-cousin) by Charles Longley Archbishop 1794-1868 (45) at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26).

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

Around 1859. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (53). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (39).

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

11 Feb 1840. Tuesday. Supplement to the London Gazette.
St James's Palace. February 10, 1840.
THIS day the Marriage of the QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY (20) with Field Marshal His ROYAL HIGHNESS FRANCIS ALBERT AUGUSTUS CHARLES EMANUEL, DUKE OF SAXE, PRINCE OF SAXE COBOURG AND GOTHA, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (20), was solemnized at the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.
Field Marshal His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (20), attended by his Suite, proceeded from Buckingham-Palace this day, about half past eleven o'clock, to St. James's-Palace, in the following order:
The first Carriage,
Conveying General Sir George Anson, G.C.B. (43); George Edward Anson, Esq (28); and Francis Seymour, Esq (26); the Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour.
The second Carriage,
Conveying the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, the Earl of Uxbridge (42) (who afterwards returned to Buckingham-Palace, to attend in Her Majesty's Procession), and the Officers of the Suite of His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, viz. Count Kolowrath (62), Baron Alvensleben, and Baron De Lowenfels.
The third Carriage,
Conveying His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (20), His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Colourg and Gotha (56) (father), and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha (21) (elder brother).
Her Majesty (20), attended by Her Royal Household, accompanied by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (53), proceeded, at twelve o'clock, from Buckingham-Palace to St James's Palace, in the following order:
The first Carriage,
Conveying two Gentlemen Ushers, Charles Heneage, Esq (33) and the Honourable Heneage Legge (51); Yeoman of the Yeomen of the Guard, Charles Hancock, Esq,; and the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (51).
The second Carriage,
Conveying the Equerry in Waiting, Lord Alfred Paget (23); two Pages of Honour, Charles T. Wemyss, Esq and Henry William John Byng (8), Esq j and the Groom in Waiting, the Honourable George Keppel.
The third Carriage,
Conveying the Clerk Marshal, Colonel the Honourable H. E. G. Cavendish (50); the Vice-Chamberlain, the Earl of Belfast, G. C. H. (43); and the Comptroller of the Household, the Right Honourable George Stevens Byng (33).
The fourth Carriage,
Conveying the Woman of the Bedchamber in Waiting, Mrs. Brand (60); the Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, the Earl of Ilchester (52); the Master of the Buck Hounds, Lord Kinaird; and the Treasurer of the Household, the Earl of Surrey (48).
The fifth Carriage,
Conyeying the Maid of Honour in Waiting, the Honourable Caroline Cocks (45); the Duchess of Kent's Lady in Waiting, Lady K Howard ; the Gold Stick, General Lord Hill, G. C.B., G. C. H.; and the Lord in Waiting, Viscount Torrington (27).
The sixth Carriage,
Conveying the Lady of the Bedchamber in Waiting, the Countess of Sandwich (27); the Master of the Horse, the Earl of Albemarle, G. C.H. (67); the Lord Steward, the Earl of Erroll, K.T. G.C.H. (38); and the Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of Uxbridge (42).
The seventh Carriage,
Conveying Her Most Excellent Majesty the QUEEN (20); Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (53); and the Duchess of Sutherland, the Mistress of the Robes to Her Majesty (33).
The illustrious Personages, and others composing the Procession, then assembled in the Throneroom, and, having been called over by Garter Principal King of Arms, the Processions, moyed in the following order, to the Chapel Royal:
THE PROCESSION OF THE BRIDEGROOM
Drums and Trumpets.
Serjeant Trumpeter.
Master of the Ceremonies, Sir Robert Chester, Knt
Lancaster Herald, George Frederick Beltz, Esq K.H (65), York Herald, Charles George Young, Esq (44).
The Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour, viz. Francis Seymour, Esq (26) Gen. Sir George Anson, G.C B. (43) George Edward Anson, Esq (28)
Vice-Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Belfast, G.C.H. (43), Lord Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Uxbridge.
Continues ...
THE QUEEN. Wearing the Collar of the Order of the Garter.
Her Majesty's Train borne by the following twelve unmarried Ladies, viz.
Lady Adelaide Paget (20), Lady Caroline Amelia Gordon-Lennox (20), Lady Sarah Frederica Caroline Villiers (18), Lady Elizabeth Anne Georgiana Dorothea Howard (23), Lady Frances Elizabeth Cowper (20), Lady Ida Harriet Augusta Hay (18), Lady Elizabeth West (21), Lady Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope, Lady Mary Augusta Frederica Grimston (20), Lady Jane Harriet Bouverie (20), Lady Eleanora Caroline Paget (12), Lady Mary Charlotte Howard (18).
Assisted by the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (51).
Master of the Horse, The Earl of Albemarle, G.C.H. (67), Mistress of the Robes, The Duchess of Sutherland (33).
Ladies of the Bedchamber, The Marchioness of Normanby (41), The Duchess of Bedford (56), The Countess of Burlington (28), The Countess of Sandwich (27), The Baroness Portman (30), The Dowager Lady Lyttleton (52), The Lady Barham (25).
Maids of Honour, The Hon. Amelia Murray, The Hon. Harriet Pitt, The Hon. Caroline Cocks, The Hon. Henrietta Anson, The Hon. Matilda Paget, The Hon. Harriet Lister, The Hon. Sarah Mary Cavendish.

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (26).

Around 1859. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (53). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1819-1861 (39).

1835. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (42). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (48).

Around 1857. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (51). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (70).

Around 1832. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (31). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (45).

Before 1868. Reuben Thomas William Sayers Painter 1815-1888. Portrait of Harriet Elizabeth Georgiana Howard Duchess Sutherland 1806-1868. An inscription on the back of this picture states that it was painted after a portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence. However, the only portrait of the Duchess that has been recorded is a double portrait with her daughter Elizabeth (in the collection of the Duke of Sutherland). The picture is currently at Hardwick Hall.

First Opium War

Treaty of Nanking

Around 1842. Captain John Platt Painter 1802-. The Signing of the Treaty of Nanking. Admiral William Parker 1st Baronet Shenstone 1781-1866 (60) fifth from right.

On 29 Aug 1842 The Treaty of Nanking signed aboard HMS Cornwallis. The peace treaty that concluded the First Opium War. The Chinese regarded it as an 'Unequal Treaty'; the British fleet were anchored in Nanking poised to attack. The treaty required the Chinese to pay the British six million silver dollars for the opium that had been confiscated by Lin Zexu in 1839 (Article IV), 3 million dollars in compensation for debts that the Hong merchants in Canton owed British merchants (Article V), and a further 12 million dollars in war reparations for the cost of the war (Article VI). The total sum of 21 million dollars was to be paid in instalments over three years and the Qing government would be charged an annual interest rate of 5 percent for the money that was not paid in a timely manner (Article VII) (See Wikipedia).

1846 Spanish Double Royal Wedding

On 10 Oct 1846 Francisco de Asís King Consort Spain 1822-1902 (24) and Isabella II Queen Spain 1830-1904 (16) were married. They were double first cousins. She was forced to marry by the Moderare Party. She, apparently commented, "what shall I tell you about a man whom I saw wearing more lace than I was wearing on our wedding night?".

1844. Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz Painter 1815-1894 (28). Portrait of Isabella II Queen Spain 1830-1904 (13).

On 10 Oct 1846 Antoine Orleans Duke Montpensier 1824-1890 (22) and Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier 1832-1897 (14) were married.

1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Antoine Orleans Duke Montpensier 1824-1890 (21).

On 10 Oct 1846 two Spanish Princesses were married ...

1852 General Election

In 1852 Robert Windsor-Clive 1824-1859 (27) was elected MP Ludlow.