Apr 1483-Aug 1483 Richard III Accedes

Edward V leaves Ludlow

On 23 Apr 1483 Edward V King England 1470- (12) left Ludlow with his uncle Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43). .

Edward Woodville puts to sea taking the Royal Treasure

On 26 Apr 1483 Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488 put to sea with around twenty ships taking a part of the Royal treasure with him eventually arriving in Brittany. .

Richard III's Dinner with the Woodvilles

On 30 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) met Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26) and Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) at Stony Stratford who were accompanying Edward V King England 1470- (12) to from Ludlow to London. All three had dinner together. .

Arrest of the Woodville Affinity

The History of King Richard the Third. 01 May 1483. And as soon as they came in his presence, they alighted down with all their company about them. To whom the Duke of Buckingham (28) said, "Go before, gentlemen and yeomen, keep your rooms." And thus in a goodly array, they came to the King (12) and, on their knees in very humble fashion, assuaged his Grace, who received them in very joyous and amiable manner, nothing earthly knowing nor mistrusting as yet. But even by and by, in his presence, they picked a quarrel with the Lord Richard Grey (26), the King’s other brother by his mother, saying that he, with the Lord Marquis (28) his brother and the Lord Rivers (43) his uncle, had planned to rule the King and the realm, and to set variance among the lords, and to subdue and destroy the noble blood of the realm. Toward the accomplishing whereof, they said that the Lord Marquis (28) had entered into the Tower of London, and thence taken out the King’s treasure, and sent men to the sea. All of which things, these dukes knew well, were done for good purposes and necessary ones by the whole council at London, except that they must say something.
Unto which words, the King (12) answered, "What my brother marquis (28) has done I cannot say. But in good faith I dare well answer for mine uncle Rivers (43) and my brother (26) here, that they be innocent of any such matters."
"Yea, my Liege," said the Duke of Buckingham (28), "they have kept their dealing in these matters far from the knowledge of your good Grace."
And forthwith they arrested the Lord Richard (26) and Sir Thomas Vaughan, knight, in the King’s (12) presence, and brought the King (12) and all back unto Northampton, where they took again further counsel. And there they sent away from the King (12) whomever it pleased them, and set new servants about him, such as liked them better than him. At which dealing he wept and was nothing content, but it remedied not. And at dinner the Duke of Gloucester (30) sent a dish from his own table to the Lord Rivers (43), praying him to be of good cheer, all should be well enough. And he thanked the Duke (30), and prayed the messenger to bear it to his nephew, the Lord Richard (26), with the same message for his comfort, who he thought had more need of comfort, as one to whom such adversity was foreign. But for himself, he had been all his days used to a life therewith, and therefore could bear it the better. But for all this comfortable courtesy of the Duke of Gloucester (30), he sent the Lord Rivers (43) and the Lord Richard (26) with Sir Thomas Vaughan into the north country to different places to prison and, afterwards, all to Pomfrait, where they were, in conclusion, beheaded..

On 01 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arrested Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) and Thomas Vaughan Master 1410-1483 at Stony Stratford. Edward V King England 1470- (12) was taken under his uncle Richard's Protection to London. .

Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey with Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28). Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop of Salisbury 1447-1484 (36) was with her. .

Death of George Neville

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) died. He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, the nephew of Warwick the Kingmaker who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). The timing somewhat suspicious. The future Richard III would now enjoy the whole of the Warwick inheritance. .

Richard III appointed Lord Protector

Before 08 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was appointed Lord Protector.

John Russell appointed Lord Chancellor

On 13 May 1483 John Russell Bishop of Rochester, Bishop of Lincoln -1494 was appointed Lord Chancellor. He replaced Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59).

Robert Stillington Claims Edward IV's Marriage to Elizabeth Woodville to be Bigamous

Around 09 Jun 1483 Robert Stillington Bishop of Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) informed a Council meeting that the coronation of Edward V King England 1470- (12) could not proceed since he was illegitimate since his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) had been bigamous since Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had previously married Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 at which Robert Stillington Bishop of Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) presided. The only witness being Robert Stillington Bishop of Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63).

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arranged a Council meeting at the Tower of London attended by William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63), Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) and Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28). During the course of the evening Richgard accused William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen (46).
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London. He was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483. His son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 1466-1506 (16) succeeded 2nd Baron Hastings (2C 1430). Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1466-1553 (17) by marriage Baroness Hastings (2C 1430).
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.

Richard of Shrewsbury Removed from Sanctuary

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) Removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. . Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present. .

The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate

On 22 Jun 1483 Ralph Shaa -1484 preached the bastardy of Edward IV's children by Elizabeth Woodville, including Edward V, and were therefore ineligible to be King, at St Paul's Cross. .

Execution of the Woodvilles and their Affinity

On 25 Jun 1483 supporters of the Woodviles were executed at Pontefract Castle ...
Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded. His brother Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30) succeeded 3rd Earl Rivers (1C 1466).
Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26) and Thomas Vaughan were beheaded.

Richard III elected King by the Three Estates

On 26 Jun 1483 Richard III (30) accepted the invitation of the citizens of London to become King. .

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473-. Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance. .

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Robert Brackenbury appointed Constable of the Tower of London

On 17 Jul 1483 Robert Brackenbury -1485 was appointed Constable of the Tower of London for life meaning he was in direct care of The Princes in the Tower: Edward V King England 1470- (12) and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473-.

Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- (12) and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- disappeared, presumably killed, from the Tower of London. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children. Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (28) who would then undertake the task. .

Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

On 08 Sep 1483 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (9) was created Prince Wales, Earl Chester (6C 1483) at York Minster. His parents Richard III (30) and Anne Neville (27) attended as did Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13). Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (8) and John York 1471-1499 (11) were knighted.