Camail and Jupon Period
Around 1340 the Camail and Jupon Period starts; around the time of the commencement of the Hundred Years War. Knights wear a Bascinet, a form of conical helmet to which the chail mail 'Camail' is attached to protect the shoulders; greater protection for the head whilst increasing mobility. The Jupon, or Surcoat, is a heavily padded jacket affording additional protection to the shoulders, upper arms, torso and upper legs. The bottom of the Jupon was often decorated, sometimes roundels, sometimes scallops. The Jupon began to be decoated with Knight's Arms becoming, literally, a Coat of Arms. The Camail and Jupon Period is also characterised by the heavy belts slung low on the hips from which the sword was slung. Effigies of this period are characterised by having facial hair, and their hands clasped in prayer on the chest. Male effigies of this period have their head resting on Great Helms usually topped off with their Crest.
On 10 Jul 1359 William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke 1321-1359 (38) died at Brancepeth Castle, Brancepeth. His son Ralph Greystoke 3rd Baron Greystoke 1353-1418 (5) succeeded 3rd Baron Greystoke. Monument in St Andrew's Church, Greystoke. Camail and Jupon Period. On his head he wears the pointed bascinet with a camail (or aventail) ie the curtain of mail suspended from the helmet and falling over the shoulders to protect the neck. The jupon under which his coat of chain mail may be seen. His sword belt is low on his jupon, horizontal.
In 1369 Richard Willoughby -1369 died. Monument in St Mary & All Saints Church, Willoughby on the Wolds. Camail and Jupon Period.
On 25 Feb 1387 John Marmion 1343-1387 (44) died in Spain. In 1400 Elizabeth St Quentin -1400 died.
Monument in St Nicholas Church, West Tanfield, North Yorkshire. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. Feathered Crest on Great Helm His bascinet has decorated edges with the camail appearig to attach inside the bascinet. Decorated flat band. She wearing a unusual headress which appears to be a cross between Gabled Headress and Bongrace. Her dress long with a Low Rounded Neckline and appears to be decoated with an armorial: vair at the top, chevrons at the bottom, which may be or a variation of.
On 31 Aug 1401 Nicholas III Longford 1351-1401 (50) died at Shrewsbury. St Chad's Church, Longford. Monument to Nicholas III Longford 1351-1401 (50). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Camail and Jupon Period. Curious helm crest which at first sight appears to be surmounted with three mushrooms but on closer inspection is a Feathered Crest; the Longford Crest.
After 21 Jul 1403 Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 was buried at St Oswalds Church, Ashbourne. Monument to Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 and his first wife Margaret Longford. Camail and Jupon Period. Cockerel Crest. St Oswalds Church, Ashbourne.
After 21 Jul 1403 Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 was buried at All Saint's Church, Bakewell. Camail and Jupon Period armour. Orle with IHC NASARE Lettering. His Coat of Arms just visible. Lancastrian Esses Collar.
The Early Plate Bascinet Period has similarities with the preceding Camail and Jupon Period. The primary difference being the Bascinet being decorated with an Orle as a means of further protection. Over time Orles became more decorated; some have IHS or IHC, an acronym of Iesous Christos or Jesus Christ.