Charges

Bar

two bars

Palmer. Or, two bars gules each charged with three trefoils of the first in chief a greyhound currant sable. Source.

two bars Azure

Parr. Argent, two bars Azure a Bordure Engrailed Sable. Source.

three bars

Throckmorton. Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable. Source.

three bars Azure

Constable. Or three bars Azure. Source.

three bars Gules

Multon. Argent, three bars Gules. Source.

Billets

Dormer. Azure, ten billets or 4,3,2,1 issuant from a chief of the second a demi-lion rampant sable langued gules. Source.

three billets

three billets Azure

Rolle. Or, a Fess Dancetté between three billets Azure each charged with a lion rampant of the first three bezants. Source.

Chequy

Acland. Chequy Argent and Sable, a Fess Gules. Source.

Chequy Or and Azure

Beaumont. Chequy Or and Azure a Chevron Ermine. Source.

Clifford. Chequy Or and Azure, a Fess Gules. Source.

Warenne. Chequy Or and Azure. Source.

Chequy Gules and Argent

Fitzwilliam. Chequy Gules and Argent. Source.

Chequy Argent and Azure

Stewart. Or a Fess Chequy Argent and Azure. Source.

Chevron

Berkeley. Gules a Chevron between ten cross pattée six in chief and four in base Argent.

Fanshawe. Or a Chevron between three fleurs-de-lys Sable. Source.

Fox. Ermine, on a chevron azure three fox's heads and necks erased or on a canton of the second a fleur-de-lys of the third. The canton is an augmentation of honour to his paternal arms, granted out of the Royal Arms as a mark of esteem to him and his heirs forever, by King Charles II following the Restoration of the Monarchy. Source.

Hyde. Azure, a chevron between three lozenges Or.

Littleton. Argent, a Chevron between three escallops Sable. Source.

Lyttleton. Argent, a Chevron between three escallops Sable. Source.

Mansel. Argent, a Chevron between three Maunches Sable. Source.

Monck. Gules, a Chevron between three lion's heads erased Argent. Source.

Mordaunt. Argent, a Chevron between three estoiles Sable. Source.

Mosley. Sable a Chevron between three Pickaxes Argent. Source.

Ponsonby. Gules, a Chevron between three combs Argent. Source.

Rich. Gules, a Chevron between three crosses botonée or.Source.

Tilney. Azure, a Chevron between three griffin's heads erased or. Source.

Wyndham. Azure, a Chevron between three lion's heads erased or.

A Chevron is a v-shape, pointing upwards unless specified inverted, on the escutcheon.

Chevron Argent

Beckford. Per pale, gules and azure, on a chevron argent between three martlets or, an eagle displayed sable.

Carr. Gules, on a chevron argent, three mullets, of the field.

Knollys. Gules, on a Chevron Argent, three roses Gules, barbed and seeded proper.Source.

Throckmorton. Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable. Source.

Chevron Ermine

Beaumont. Chequy Or and Azure a Chevron Ermine. Source.

Blennerhassett. Gules, a chevron ermine, between three dolphins naiant embowed argent. Source.

Clotworthy. Azure, a Chevron Ermine between three chaplets or. Source.

Gresham. Argent, a Chevron Ermine between Three Mullets pierced Sable.

Townshend. Azure, a chevron ermine between three escallops argent. Source.

Chevron Gules

Boleyn. Argent, a Chevron Gules between three bull's heads afrontée. Source.

Brudenell. Argent, a Chevron Gules between three morion caps azure pointed to the sinister. Source.

Newport. Argent, a Chevron Gules between three Leopard's Heads Sable. Source.

Stafford. Or, a Chevron Gules.

Chevron Or

Cobham. Gules a Chevron Or Three Lions Rampant Sable. Source.

Oldham. Sable, a Chevron Or between three owls Argent on a chief of the second three roses Gules. Possibly an exampl eof canting arms where owl represents owl-dam.Source.

Chevron Sable

Pollard. Argent, a Chevron Sable between three escallops gules.

Trelawney. Argent, a Chevron Sable.

Chevrons

Chevrony is a pattern of an even number of Chevrons.

Two Chevrons

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a Chief Gules three Cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a Fess Argent Two Mullets Sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a Chief Indented Sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven Argent and Sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant Argent crowned Gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, Two Chevrons Sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Daubeny. Or, Two Chevrons Gules.

Fitzwalter. Or, a Fess Gules between Two Chevrons of the last. Source.

Lisle. Or a Fess between Two Chevrons Sable. Source.

Walpole. Or a Fess between Two Chevrons Sable three Cross Crosslets of the field. Source.

Three Chevrons

Clare. Or Three Chevrons Gules. Source.

Fitzhugh. Azure, Three Chevrons interlaced in base or a chief of the last. Source.

Hainault. Or, Three Chevrons sable. Source.

Chevrony

Chevrony is a pattern of an even number of Chevrons.

Chevron Inverted

Chevron Inverted Or

Danvers. Gules a Chevron Inverted Or three estoiles.Source.

Chief

Clement. Argent, two bendlets wavy Sable on a Chief Gules Three Leopard's Faces or a Bordure Compony or and Azure. Source.

Fitzherbert. Argent, a Chief Vairy Or and Gules a Bend Sable. Source.

Chief Argent

Bacon. Field Gules, on a Chief Argent Two Mullets pierced Sable. Source.

Chief Azure

Clinton. Argent, Six Cross Crosslets Fitchée Sable three two and one on a Chief Azure Two Mullets or pierced Gules. Source.

Saluzzo. Argent, a Chief Azure. Source.

Weston. Ermine, on a chief azure five bezants.

Chief Gules

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a Chief Gules three Cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a Fess Argent Two Mullets Sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a Chief Indented Sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven Argent and Sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant Argent crowned Gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, Two Chevrons Sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Chaucer Modern. Argent, a Chief Gules overall a lion rampant double queued or.

Manners. Or, two Fesss Azure a Chief Gules.

St John. Argent, a Chief Gules two estoiles or. Source.

Tailboys. Argent, a saltire gules in chief gules three scallops argent. Source.

Worsley. Argent, a Chief Gules. Source.

Chief Or

St Leger. Azure Fretty Argent, a Chief Or. Source.

Chief Sable

Preston. Or, a Chief Sable Three Crescents Or.

Chief Indented

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a Chief Gules three Cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a Fess Argent Two Mullets Sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a Chief Indented Sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven Argent and Sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant Argent crowned Gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, Two Chevrons Sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Butler. Quarterly 1&4 Or, a Chief Indented Azure 2&3 Gules three covered cups or. Source.

Perceval. Argent, a Chief Indented Gules three crosses pattee of the field. Source.

Chief Indented Azure

Lathom. Or on a Chief Indented Azure three plates. Source.

Cinquefoil

Clifton. Sable semée of Cinquefoils and a lion rampant Argent. Source.

Darcy. Azure semée of Cross Crosslets Argent, three Cinquefoils of the last. Source.

Umfraville. Gules crusilly of crosses crosslet a Cinquefoil or. Source.

Cinquefoil or

Clarion

three clarions or

Granville. Gules three clarions or. Source

Crescent

On 25 Feb 1559 Catherine Blount 1518-1559 (41) died. In 1585 Elizabeth Sands -1585 died. On 11 Aug 1581 Maurice Berkeley Standard Bearer 1506-1581 (75) died. Church of St Mary, Bruton. Recumbent effigies of himself and two wives in an Easter sepulchre-type recess with double round arched front, Corinthian pilasters and Strapwork panels. Ruff. Panel with quartered arms 1 2 probably , possibly Wotton Arms 3 Unknown Arms 4 probably , possibly , overall a Crescent.

Jermyn. Sable, a Crescent between Two Mullets in pale Argent. Source.

Crescents

Scott. Or, on a bend azure a Mullet of six points between two Crescents of the field. Source.

Watson. Argent, on a chevron engrailed azure between three martlets sable as many crescents or. Source.

Three Crescents Or

Coventry. Sable a Fess Ermine between Three Crescents Or. Source.

Preston. Or, a Chief Sable Three Crescents Or.

Cross

Osborne. Quarterly Ermine and Azure, a Cross or. Source.

cross Botonée

three crosses botonée

Rich. Gules, a Chevron between three crosses botonée or.Source.

cross formy

crosses formy fitchy

Riley. Sable, on a pile or 3 crosses formy fitchy at the foot Sable. Source.

Cross Crosslet

On 01 Apr 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (79) made her last will. It was proved 27 Aug 1495.
Source: A Selection From the Wills of Eminent Persons by Camden Society (Great Britain). Published 1838. Transcribed by John Gough Nichols and John Bruce.
IN the name of allmyghty God, the blessed Trinite, fader and son and the holigost, trusting in the meanes and mediacions of oure blessed Lady Moder, of oure most blessed Saviour Jh’u Crist, and by the intercession of holy Saint John Baptist, and all the saintes of heven: I, CECILLE, wife unto the right noble prince Richard late Duke of Yorke, fader unto the most cristen prince my Lord and son King Edward the iiij th , the first day of Aprill the yere of our Lord M.CCCC.lxxxxv. after the computacion of the Church of Englond, of hole mynde and body, loving therfore be it to Jh’u, make and ordeigne my testament in fourme and maner ensuyng.
Furst, I bequeath and surrendour my soule in to the mercifull handes of allmyghty God my maker, and in to protecion of the blessed yrgin our lady Saint Mary, and suffrage of Saint John Baptist, and of all other saintes of heven. Also my body to be buried beside the body of my moost entierly best beloved Lord and housbond, fader unto my said lorde and son, and in his tumbe within the collegiate church of Fodringhay, a if myn executours by the sufferaunce of the King (38) finde goode sufficient therto; and elles at the Kinges (38) pleasure. And I will that after my deceasse all my dettes sufficiently appering and proved be paid, thanking oure Lord at this tyme of making of this my testament to the knolege of my conscience I am not muche in dett; and if it happen, as I trust to God it shalnot, that there be not found sufficient money aswell to pay my dettes as to enture my body, than in advoiding such charges as myght growe for the same, the whiche God defende, I lymytte and assigne all such parcelles of plate as belongith to my chapell, pantry, cellour, ewry, and squillery, to the perfourmyng of the same, as apperith in the inventary, except such plate as I have bequeithed. Also I geve and bequeith to the Kinges noble grace all such money as is owing to me of the customes, and two cuppes of gold.
Also I geve and bequeith to the Quene (29) a crosse croslette of diamantes, a sawter with claspes of silver and guilte enameled covered with grene clothe of golde, and a pix with the fleshe of Saint Cristofer.
Also I bequeith to my lady the Kinges moder (51) a portuos with claspes of gold covered with blacke cloth of golde.
Also I geve to my lord Prince (8) a bedde of arres of the Whele of Fortune and testour of the same, a counterpoint of arras, and a tappett of arres with the pope.
Also I geve to my lord Henry Duke of Yorke (3) b three tappettes of arres, oon of them of the life of Saint John Baptist, another of Mary Maudeleyn, and the thirde of the passion of our Lord and Saint George.
And if my body be buried at Fodringhay in the colege there with my most entierly best beloved lord and housbond, than I geve to the said colege a square canapie of crymeson clothe of gold with iiij. staves, twoo auter clothes of crymeson clothe of gold, twoo copes of crymeson cloth of gold, a chesibull and twoo tenucles of cryinyson clothe of golcrvith iij. abes, c twoo auter clothes of crymeson damaske browdered, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and iij. copes of blewe velwett brodered, with iij. abes, thre masse bokes, thre grayles, and vij. processioners.
Also I geve to the colege of Stoke Clare a chesibull and twoo tenucles of playn crymyson cloth of gold with iij. abes, twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and fyve coopes of white damaske browdered, with iij. abes, twoo awter clothes of crymeson velwett upon the velwete (sic), a vestement of crymeson playne velvet, iiij. antiphoners, iiij. grayles, and sixe processioners.
Also I geve to the house of Sion two of the best coopes of crymyson clothe of gold.
Note. These next four people refer to her grand-daughters, children of Edward IV.
Also I geve to my doughter Brigitte (14) the boke of Legenda Aurea in velem, a boke of the life of Saint Kateryn of Sene, a boke of Saint Matilde.
Also I geve to my doughter Cecill (26) a portuous with claspes silver and gilte covered with purple velvet, and a grete portuous without note.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne (19) the largest bedde of bawdekyn, withe countrepoint of the same, the barge with bailies, tilde, and ores belonging to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Kateryn (15) a traves of blewe satten.
Also I geve to my doughter of Suffolke (50) a the chare with the coveryng, all the quoshons, horses, and harneys belonging to the same, and all my palfreys.
Note. The next people are her grand-children, children of her daughter Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (50)
Also I geve to my son of Suffolke (24) b a clothe of estate and iij. quoschons of purpull damaske cloth of gold.
Also I geve to my son Humfrey (21) c two awter clothes of blewe damaske brawdered and a vestyment of crymeson satten for Jh’us masse.
Also I geve to my son William (17) d a traves of white sarcenet, twoo beddes of downe, and twoo bolsters to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne priores of Sion, a boke of Bonaventure and Hilton in the same in Englishe, and a boke of the Revelacions of Saint Burgitte.
Also I woll that all my plate not bequeithed be sold, and the money thereof be putte to the use of my burying, that is to sey, in discharging of suche costes and expensis as shalbe for carying of my body from the castell of Barkehampstede unto the colege of Fodringhey. And if any of the said plate be lefte unexpended I woll the said colege have it.
Also I geve to the colege of saint Antonies in London an antiphoner with the ruelles of musik in the later ynd.
Also I geve unto Master Richard Lessy all suche money as is owing unto me by obligations what soever they be, and also all such money as is owing unto me by the Shirfe of Yorkeshire, to helpe to bere his charges which he has to pay to the Kinges grace, trusting he shall the rather nyghe the said dettes by the help and socour of his said grace.
Also I geve to Master William Croxston a chesibull, stoles, and fanons of blake velwett, with an abe.
Also I geve to Master Eichard Henmershe a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of crymyson damaske, with an abe; and a chesibill, stoles and fanons of crymeson saten, with an abe.
Also I geve to Sir John More a frontell of purpull cloth of gold, a legend boke, and a colett boke.
Also I give to Sir Kandall Brantingham a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymson velvet, with an abe, the better of bothe.
Also I geve to Sir William Grave a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymeson velvett, with an abe; a masse-boke that servith for the closett, a prymour with claspes silver and gilt, covered with blewe velvett, and a sawter that servith for the closett covered with white ledder.
Also I geve to Sir John Blotte a gospell boke, a pistill covered with ledder, and a case for a corporax of grene playne velvett. Also I geve to Sir Thomas Clerk a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, fanons, of rede bawdeken, with iij. abes.
Also I geve to Sir William Tiler twoo coopes of rede bawdekyn.
Also I geve to Robert Claver iij. copes of white damaske brawdered, and a gowne of the Duchie b facion of playne blake velvett furred with ermyns.
Also I geve to John Bury twoo old copes of crymysyn satten cloth of gold, a frontell of white bawdekyn, twoo curteyns of rede sarcenett fringed, twoo curteyns of whit sarcenet fringed, a feder bed, a bolstour to the same, the best of feders, and two whit spervers of lynyn.
Also I geve to John Poule twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of white bawdekyn, with iij. abes; a short gowne of purple playne velvett furred with ermyns, the better of ij. and a kirtill of damaske with andelettes of silver and gilt furred.
Also I geve to John Smyth twoo auter clothes, a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of blew bawdekyn, with iij. abes. Also I geve to John Bury twoo copes of crymysyn clothe of gold that servith for Sondays.
Also I geve to John Walter a case for corporax of purple playne velvett, twoo cases for corporax of blewe bawdekyn, twoo auter clothes, a chesibill of rede and grene bawdekyn, a canapie of white sarcenett, iij. abes for children, and iiij. pair of parrours of white bawdekyn, twoo pair parrours of crymsyn velvett, twoo pair parrours of rede bawdekyn, a housling towell that servith for my selfe, twoo corteyns of blewe sarcenett fringed, a sudory of crymy-syn and white, the egges blak, a crose cloth and a cloth of Saint John Baptist of sarcenett painted, a long lantorn, a dext standing doble, twoo grete stondardes and ij. litill cofers.
Also I geve to John Peit-wynne twoo vestimentes of white damaske, a white bedde of lynnyn, a federbedde and a bolstour, and a short gowne of purple playne velvet furred with sabilles. Also I geve to Thomas Lentall six auter clothes of white sarcenett, with crosses of crymsyn velvet.
Also I geve to John Long iij. peces of bawdekyn of the lengur sorte. Also I geve to Sir [John] Verney knighte and Margarett his wiffe a a crosse [of] silver and guilte and berall, and in the same a pece of the holy crosse and other diverse reliques.
Also I geve to Dame Jane Pesemershe, widue, myne Inne that is called the George in Grauntham, during terme of her life; and after her decesse I woll that the reversion therof be unto the college of Fodringhay for evermore, to find a prest to pray for my Lord my housbond and me.
Also I geve to Nicholas Talbott and Jane his wife a spone of gold with a sharp diamount in the ende, a dymy-sent of gold with a collumbine and a diamont in the same, a guirdill of blewe tissue harnessed with gold, a guirdill of gold with a bokull and a pendaunt and iiij. barres of gold, a hoke of gold with iij. roses, a pomeamber of gold garnesshed with a diamont, sex rubies and sex perles, and the surnap and towell to the same.
Also I geve to Richard Boyvile and Gresild his wife my charrett and the horses with the harnes that belongith therunto, a gowne with a dymy trayn of purpull saten furred with ermyns, a shorte gowne of purple saten furred with jennetes, a kirtill of white damaske with aunde lettes silver and gilte, a spone of gold, a dymysynt of gold with a columbyne garnesshed with a diainant, a saphour, an amatist, and viij. perles, a pomeamber of gold enameled, a litell boxe with a cover of gold and a diamant in the toppe.
Also I geve to Richard Brocas and Jane his wife a long gown of purpull velvett upon velvet furred with ermyns, a greate Agnus of gold with the Trinite, Saint Erasmus, and the Salutacion of our Lady; an Agnus of gold with our Lady and Saint Barbara; a litell goblett with a cover silver and part guild; a pair of bedes of white amber gauded with vj. grete stones of gold, part aneled, with a pair of bedes of x. stones of gold and v. of corall; a cofor with a rounde lidde bonde with iron, which the said Jane hath in her keping, and all other thinges that she hath in charge of keping.
Also I geve to Anne Pinchbeke all other myne Agnus unbequeithed, that is to sey, ten of the Trinite, a litell malmesey pott with a cover silver and parte guilte, a possenett with a cover of silver, a short gowne of playne russett velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of playne blewe velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of purple playn velvet furred with grey, a tester, a siler, and a countrepoint of bawdekyn, the lesser of ij.
Also I geve to Jane Lessy a dymysent of gold with a roos, garnisshed with twoo rubies, a guirdell of purple tissue with a broken bokull, and a broken pendaunt silver and guilte, a guirdill of white riband with twoo claspes of gold with a columbyne, a guirdell of blewe riband with a bokell and a pendaunt of gold, a litell pair of bedes of white amber gaudied with vij. stones of gold, an haliwater stope with a strynkkill silver and gilte, and a laier silver and part guilte.
Also I geve to John Metcalfe and Alice his wife all the ringes that I have, except such as hang by my bedes and Agnus, and also except my signet, a litell boxe of golde with a cover of golde, a pair of bedes of Ixj. rounde stones of golde gaudied with sex square stones of golde enemeled, with a crosse of golde, twoo other stones, and a scalop shele of geete honging by.
Also I geve to Anne Lownde a litell bokull and a litell pendaunt of golde for a guirdill, a litell guirdell of golde and silke with a bokill and a pendaunt of golde, a guirdell of white riband with aggelettes of golde enameled, a hoke of golde playne, a broken hoke of golde enameled, and a litell rounde bottumed basyn of silver.
Also I geve to the house of Asshe-rugge a chesibull and ij. tenucles of crymysyn damaske embrawdered, with thre abes.
Also I geve to the house of Saint Margaretes twoo auter clothes with a crucifix and a vestiment of grete velvet.
Also I geve to the parish church of Stoundon a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parishe church of Much Barkehampstede a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parish church of Compton by sides Guilford a eorporax case of blake cloth of gold and iiij. auter clothes of white sarcenett embrawdered with garters.
Also I geve to Alisaunder Cressener my best bedde of downe and a bolster to the same.
Also I geve to Sir Henry Haidon knyght a tablett and a cristall garnesshed with ix. stones and xxvij. perles, lacking a stone and iij. perles.
Also I geve to Gervase Cressy a long gown of playn blewe velvet furred with sabilles.
Also I geve to Edward Delahay twoo gownes of musterdevilers furred with mynckes, and iiij u of money.
Also I geve to Thomas Manory a short gowne of crymesyn playn velvet lyned, purfilled with blake velvet, and iiij ll in money.
Also I geve to John Broune all such stuf as belongith to the kechyn in his keping at my place at Baynardcastell in London, and iiij u in money.
Also I geve to William Whitington a short gown of russett cloth furred with matrons and calabour wombes, a kirtill of purpull silke chamblett with awndelettes silver and gilte, all such floures of brawdery werke and the cofer that they be kept in, and xls. in money.
Also I geve to all other gentilmen that be daily a waiting in my houshold with Mr. Richard Cressy and Robert Lichingham everich of theime iiij u in money.
Also I geve to every yoman that be daily ad waiting in my houshold with John Otley xls. in money.
Also I geve to every grome of myne xxvj s. viij d. in money. And to every page of myne xiij s. iiij d. in money.
Also I geve to Robert Harison xls. in money and all the gootes.
And if ther be no money founde in my cofers to perfourme this my will and bequest, than I will that myne executours, that is to sey the reverend fader in God Master Olyver King bisshop of Bath (63), Sir Reignolde Bray (55) knight, Sir Thomas Lovell, councellours to the Kinges grace, Master William Pikinham doctour in degrees dean of the colege of Stoke Clare, Master William Felde master of the colege of Fodringhey, and Master Richard Lessy dean of my chapell, havyng God in reverence and drede, unto whome I geve full power and auctorite to execute this my will and testament, make money of such goodes as I have not geven and bequeithed, and with the same to content my dettes and perfourme this my will and testament.
And the foresaid reverend fader in God, Sir Rignold Bray knyght, Sir Thomas Lovell knyght, Master William Pikenham, and Master William Felde, to be rewarded of suche thinges as shalbe delivered unto theme by my commaundement by the hondes of Sir Henry Haidon knyght stieward of my houshold and Master Richard Lessy, humbly beseching the Kinges habundant grace in whome is my singuler trust to name such supervisour as shalbe willing and favorabull diligently to se that this my present testament and will be perfittely executed and perfourmyd, gevyng full power also to my said executours to levey and receyve all my dettes due and owing unto me at the day of my dethe, as well of my receyvours as of all other officers, except such dettes as I have geven and bequeathed unto Master Richard Lessy aforesaid, as is above specified in this present will and testament.
And if that Master Richard Lessy cannot recover such money as I have geven to hym of the Shirffes of Yorkeshire and of my obligacions, than I will he be recompensed of the revenues of my landes to the sume of v c. marcs at the leest.
IN WITTENESSE HEROF I have setto my signet and signemanuell at my castell of Berkehamstede the last day of May the yere of our Lord abovesaid, being present Master Richard Lessy, Sir William Grant my confessour, Richard Brocas clerc of my kechyn, and Gervays Cressy. Proved at “Lamehithe” the 27 th day of August, A.D. 1495, and commission granted to Master Richard Lessy the executor in the said will mentioned to administer, &c. &c.

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1675 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1500. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (13).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Cross Crosslet means a cross with equal length arms with the ends of each arm crossed.

Cross Crosslet Fitchy

Howard. Gules Bend Argent six crosslets fitchy.

Cross Crosslet Fitchy means a crosslet with the foot extended into a point. "fitché" means fixed in French.

Cross Crosslet or

Beauchamp. Gules a Fess Or between six crosslets or.

Cross Crosslets

De La Warr. Gules a lion rampant Argent Cross Crosslets.

Walpole. Or a Fess between Two Chevrons Sable three Cross Crosslets of the field. Source.

Cross Crosslets Argent

Darcy. Azure semée of Cross Crosslets Argent, three Cinquefoils of the last. Source.

three Cross Crosslets fitchee or

Strutt. Per Pale Sable and Azure, two Chevronels Engrailed, between three Cross Crosslets fitchee or. Source.

Six Cross Crosslets

Six Cross Crosslets Fitchée Sable

Clinton. Argent, Six Cross Crosslets Fitchée Sable three two and one on a Chief Azure Two Mullets or pierced Gules. Source.

Cross Engrailed

Paget. Sable, on a Cross Engrailed between four eagles displayed argent, five lions passant guardant of the field. Source.

Cross Engrailed Gules

Bourchier. Argent, Argent a Cross Engrailed Gules between Four Water-Bougets Sable.Source.

Cross Engrailed Or

Ufford. Sable, a Cross Engrailed Or. Source.

Cross Engrailed Sable

Mohun. Or a Cross Engrailed Sable.

Cross Flory

Cross Gules

Bigod. Or a Cross Gules. Source.

Burgh. Or a Cross Gules. Source.

Churchill. Sable a lion rampant Argent a Canton of the last a Cross Gules. Source.

Villiers. Argent, on a Cross Gules five escallops. Source.

Cross Moline

Bentinck. Azure a Cross Moline Argent. Source.

Cross Moline Or

Bruyn. Azure, a Cross Moline Or. Appears to be the same as Molyneux.

Molyneux. Azure a Cross Moline Or. Source.

Ughtred. Gules, a Cross Moline Or. Source.

Cross Pattee

Crosses Pattee

three crosses pattee

Perceval. Argent, a Chief Indented Gules three crosses pattee of the field. Source.

twelve crosses pattee

Denny. Gules, a Saltire Argent between twelve crosses pattee or. Source.

Cross Patoncé

Lascelles. Sable a Cross Patoncé within a Bordure or. Source.

Cross Sable

Vesci. Or, a Cross Sable. Source.

Millrind cross

millrind cross Argent

Saltire

Lennox. Argent, a saltire between four roses gules. Source.

Maxwell. Argent, a two headed eagle displayed sSable beaked and membered Gules on an inescutcheon Argent a Saltire Sable charged with a hedgehog or. Source.

Saltire Argent

Denny. Gules, a Saltire Argent between twelve crosses pattee or. Source.

Neville. Gules, a Saltire Argent.

Saltire Azure

Saltire Gules

Fitzgerald. Argent, a Saltire gules. Source.

Hampden. Argent, a saltire gules between four eagles displayed azure. Source.

Tailboys. Argent, a saltire gules in chief gules three scallops argent. Source.

Saltire Engrailed

Tiptoft. Argent, a Saltire Engrailed Gules.

Wotton Arms. Argent, a Saltire Engrailed Sable. Source.

Escallop

Two Escallops

Duff. Vert, a fess dancetté ermine, between a buck's head cabossed in chief and two escallops in base or.

Three Escallops

Dacre. Gules three escallops Argent.

GrahamOr an a Chief Sable three escallops Argent. Source.

Keppel. Gules, three escallops argent. Source.

Littleton. Argent, a Chevron between three escallops Sable. Source.

Lyttleton. Argent, a Chevron between three escallops Sable. Source.

Pollard. Argent, a Chevron Sable between three escallops gules.

Strickland. Sable three escallops Argent. SSource.

Townshend. Azure, a chevron ermine between three escallops argent. Source.

Wendesley. Ermine, on a bend gules three escallops argent. Source.

Five Escallops

Villiers. Argent, on a Cross Gules five escallops. Source.

Six Escallops

Foljambe. Sable a bend between six escallops or.

Freschville. Azure, Bend Argent between six escallops.

Eight Escallops

Heveningham. Quarterly Or and Gules on a bordure engrailed Sable eight escallops Argent. Source.

Estoile

Baux. Gules an estoile Argent.

Hobart. Sable, an estoile of six points or between two flaunches ermine.

An Estoile is a six pointed star.

Two Estoiles

St John. Argent, a Chief Gules two estoiles or. Source.

Three Estoiles

Danvers. Gules a Chevron Inverted Or three estoiles.Source.

Mordaunt. Argent, a Chevron between three estoiles Sable. Source.

Six Estoiles

Fess

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a Chief Gules three Cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a Fess Argent Two Mullets Sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a Chief Indented Sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven Argent and Sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant Argent crowned Gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, Two Chevrons Sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Badlesmere. Argent, a Fess between two Gemelles Gules.

Cromwell. Quarterly, per Fess indented, Azure and or, four lions passant counterchanged. Source.

De La Pole. Azure, a Fess between Three Leopard's Faces or.

Lisle. Or a Fess between Two Chevrons Sable. Source.

Louvain. Gules billety or a Fess of the last. Source.

Stewart. Or a Fess Chequy Argent and Azure. Source.

Walpole. Or a Fess between Two Chevrons Sable three Cross Crosslets of the field. Source.

Woodville. Argent, a Fess and a Canton conjoined Gules. Source.

A Fess is a horizontal bar across the centre of the escutcheon. From the Latin fascia meaning band.

Fess Argent

Carteret. Gules four fusils in Fess Argent.

Kitson. Sable three fishes hauriant in Fess Argent a Chief Or. Source.

Fess Chequy

Arden. Ermine, a Fess Chequy Or and Azure. Source.

Fess Dancetté

Duff. Vert, a fess dancetté ermine, between a buck's head cabossed in chief and two escallops in base or.

Pulteney. Argent, a Fess Dancetté Gules in chief Three Leopard's Faces Sable. Source.

Rolle. Or, a Fess Dancetté between three billets Azure each charged with a lion rampant of the first three bezants. Source.

West. Argent, a Fess Dancetté Sable. Source.

Fess Ermine

Coventry. Sable a Fess Ermine between Three Crescents Or. Source.

Fess Gules

Acland. Chequy Argent and Sable, a Fess Gules. Source.

Clifford. Chequy Or and Azure, a Fess Gules. Source.

Devereux. Argent, a Fess Gules Three Torteaux in chief. Source.

Fitzwalter. Or, a Fess Gules between Two Chevrons of the last. Source.

Montagu. Argent, three fusils conjoined in Fess Gules. Source.

Fess Or

Beauchamp. Gules a Fess Or between six crosslets or.

Fleur-de-lys

Godolphin. Gules, an eagle with two heads, displayed between three fleurs-de-lys, two and one, Argent.

Fleur-de-lys Argent

Digby. Azure, a fleur-de-lys Argent Source.

Fleur-de-lys or

Capet. Azure, three Fleur-de-lys or. Source.

Fleurs-de-lys

Fanshawe. Or a Chevron between three fleurs-de-lys Sable. Source.

Fret

Tollemache. Argent, a Fret Sable.

Fret Or

Cosin. Azure, a fret or.

Despencer. Quarterly 1&4: Argent, 2&3: Gules, a Fret Or, over all a Bend Sable.

Dutton. Quarterly Argent and Gules, in the second and third quarters a Fret Or. Source.

Despencer. Quarterly 1&4: Argent, 2&3: Gules, a Fret Or, over all a Bend Sable.

Fret Sable

Harrington. Argent, Fret Sable.

Fret Gules

Verdun. Or, a Fret Gules.

Fretty

Audley. Gules, Fretty. Source.

Fretty Argent

St Leger. Azure Fretty Argent, a Chief Or. Source.

Fretty Azure

Bugge. Or Fretty Azure. Source.

Willoughby. Or Fretty Azure. Source.

Fretty Gules

Noel. Or, Fretty Gules a Canton Ermine. Source.

Fretty Sable

Vernon. Argent, Fretty Sable.Source.

Garbs

Gemelles

Badlesmere. Argent, a Fess between two Gemelles Gules.

Throckmorton. Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable. Source.

Gemelles are twin narrow horizontal lines.

Lozengy

Lozengy or and Gules

Angoulême. Lozengy or and Gules. Source.

Maunch

A Maunch is a sleeve of the type typically worn in the 13th and 14th Centuries.

Maunch Gules

Hastings. Or, a Maunch Gules. Source.

Maunches Sable

Mansel. Argent, a Chevron between three Maunches Sable. Source.

Mullet

Scott. Or, on a bend azure a Mullet of six points between two Crescents of the field. Source.

A Mullet is a five pointed star.

Mullet Argent

Vere. Quarterly, Gules and or, in the 1st quarter a Mullet Argent. .

Two Mullets

Bacon. Field Gules, on a Chief Argent Two Mullets pierced Sable. Source.

Jermyn. Sable, a Crescent between Two Mullets in pale Argent. Source.

Two Mullets Sable

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42).
The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon
2: Argent, on a Chief Gules three Cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash
3: Gules, on a Fess Argent Two Mullets Sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash
4: Ermine, on a Chief Indented Sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash
5: Barry of seven Argent and Sable
6: Azure, six lioncels rampant Argent crowned Gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde
7: Argent, Two Chevrons Sable (Esse/Ash of Ash);Esse/Ash of Ash

Two Mullets or pierced Gules

Three Mullets

Duke Atholl. Earl Atholl overall, an inescutcheon en surtout azure three mullets argent within a double tressure flory or ensigned of a Marquess's coronet. Source.

Carr. Gules, on a chevron argent, three mullets, of the field.

Conyngham. Argent, a shake-fork between Three Mullets, Sable. Source.

Lord Douglas. Argent, on a Chief Azure Three Mullets of the first.

Gresham. Argent, a Chevron Ermine between Three Mullets pierced Sable.

Liddell. Gules, on a bend Argent, three mullets Sable. Source.

Murray. Azure, three mullets argent, within a double tressure flory counter-flory or. Source.

Six Mullets Argent

Bonville. Sable, Six Mullets Argent pierced Gules' Source.

Pheon

Pheon Azure

Sidney. Or, a Pheon Azure.

Rose

Boscawen. Ermine, a rose gules barbed and seeded proper. Source.

Carey. Argent, a Bend Sable, three roses of the first. Source.

Conway. Sable, on a bend cotised argent a rose gules between two annulets of the first. Source.

Dunbar. Gules a lion rampant Argent on a Bordure of the same eight roses of the field. Source.

Greystoke. Barry Argent and Azure three chaplets of roses Gules. Source.

Knollys. Gules, on a Chevron Argent, three roses Gules, barbed and seeded proper.Source.

Lennox. Argent, a saltire between four roses gules. Source.

Oldham. Sable, a Chevron Or between three owls Argent on a chief of the second three roses Gules. Possibly an exampl eof canting arms where owl represents owl-dam.Source.

barbed and seeded proper

Knollys. Gules, on a Chevron Argent, three roses Gules, barbed and seeded proper.Source.

Roundel

A Roundel is a circular charge of solid colour. Depending on the colour different names are used.

Annulets

Saunderson. Paly of six, Argent and Azure, a Bend Sable three Annulets or. Source.

six annulets or

Musgrave. Azure six annulets or. Source.

six annulets gules

Lucas. Argent, a fess between six annulets gules.

Bezants

Rolle. Or, a Fess Dancetté between three billets Azure each charged with a lion rampant of the first three bezants. Source.

Weston. Ermine, on a chief azure five bezants.

Zouche. Azure, ten bezants 4, 3, 2, 1.

Bezants are gold roundels.

Mascle

A Mascle is a diamond shape.

mascles

De Quincy. Gules, seven mascles or 3,3,1. Source.

Plates

Lathom. Or on a Chief Indented Azure three plates. Source.

Spelman. Sable, ten plates between two flaunches argent.

Plates are argent (white) roundels.

Torteau

Babington. Argent, ten Torteau in chief a label three points Azure. Source.

York. England Edward III a label three points Argent on each point three Torteau. Source.

A Torteau is a red roundel from the French Torteau meaning tart.

Three Torteaux

Courtenay. Or, three torteaux. Source.

Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340. Or, Three Torteaux, a label three points Azure. Source.

Devereux. Argent, a Fess Gules Three Torteaux in chief. Source.

Grey. Barry of six Argent and Azure, in chief Three Torteaux. Source.

Wake. Or, two bars Gules in chief Three Torteaux. Source.

Water Bouget

Four Water-Bougets Sable

Bourchier. Argent, Argent a Cross Engrailed Gules between Four Water-Bougets Sable.Source.