Northumbria

617 Battle of the River Idle

633 Battle of Hatfield Chase

641 Battle of Maserfield

685 Battle of Dun Nechtain

Northumbria is in Saxon Heptarchy.

Bernicia

King Bernicia

Around 547 Ida King Bernicia -559 was appointed King Bernicia.

In 568 Æthelric King Bernicia -572 succeeded King Bernicia.

In 585 Hussa of Bernicia was appointed King Bernicia.

Around 592 Hussa of Bernicia died. Æthelfrith King Northumbrians 572-617 (20) succeeded King Bernicia.

In 616 Edwin King Northumbria 586-633 (30) succeeded King Bernicia, King Deira.

Battle of Hatfield Chase

On 12 Oct 633 King Penda's alliance of Gwynedd and Mercia defeated the Northumbrians at the Battle of Hatfield Chase.
Eadfrith Deira -633 was captured.
Edwin King Northumbria 586-633 (47) was killed. His half first cousin Osric King Deira -634 succeeded King Deira. His nephew Eanfrith King Bernicia 590-634 (43) succeeded King Bernicia.
Edwin's son Osfrith Deira -633 was killed.

After 12 Oct 633Eadfrith Deira -633 was killed. His half first cousin Eanfrith King Bernicia 590-634 succeeded King Bernicia.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 600-649. 634. This year Osric, whom Paulinus baptized, succeeded to the government of King of Deira. He was the son of Elfric, the uncle of Edwin. And to Bernicia succeeded Eanfrith (44), son of Ethelfrith. This year also Bishop Birinus first preached baptism to the West-Saxons, under King Cynegils. The said Birinus went thither by the command of Pope Honorius; and he was bishop there to the end of his life. Oswald (30) also this year succeeded to the government of the King Northumbrians, and reigned nine winters. The ninth year was assigned to him on account of the heathenism in which those lived who reigned that one year betwixt him and Edwin.

Battle of Maserfield

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia -655 Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.
Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (37) was killed. His body was subsequently dismembered with his head and arms mounted on poles. His brother Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (29) succeeded King Bernicia. Rhiainfellt Rheged Queen Consort Bernicia by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.
Osric King Deira -634 was killed. His son Oswine King Deira -651 succeeded King Deira.
Eowa King Mercia -642 was killed (probably).

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 600-649. 642. This year Oswald, king of the Northumbrians, was slain by Penda, king of the Southumbrians, at Mirfield, on the fifth day of August; and his body was buried at Bardney. His holiness and miracles were afterwards displayed on manifold occasions throughout this island; and his hands remain still uncorrupted at Barnburgh. The same year in which Oswald was slain, Oswy (30) his brother succeeded to the government of the Northumbrians, and reigned two less than thirty years.

Queen Consort Bernicia

Before 590 Æthelfrith King Northumbrians 572-617 and Acha DeiraQueen Consort Bernicia Queen Consort Deira were married. She  by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.

Battle of Maserfield

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia -655 Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.
Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (37) was killed. His body was subsequently dismembered with his head and arms mounted on poles. His brother Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (29) succeeded King Bernicia. Rhiainfellt Rheged Queen Consort Bernicia by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.
Osric King Deira -634 was killed. His son Oswine King Deira -651 succeeded King Deira.
Eowa King Mercia -642 was killed (probably).

Around 645 Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (33) and Eanfled Deira Queen Consort Bernicia 626-685 (18) were married (he was her half first cousin). She (18) by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.

Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 and Fín Cenél Neógain Queen Consort Bernicia were married. She  by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.

Edwin King Northumbria 586-633 and Cwenburg Mercia Queen Consort Bernicia Queen Consort Deira were married. She  by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia, Queen Consort Deira.

Edwin King Northumbria 586-633 and Æthelburh Oiscingas Queen Consort Northumbria 605-647 were married. She  by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia, Queen Consort Deira.

Deira

King Deira

In 560 Aella King Deira -588 succeeded King Deira.

Around 588 Æthelric King Deira -604 succeeded King Deira.

Around 604 Æthelfrith King Northumbrians 572-617 (32) succeeded King Deira. Acha DeiraQueen Consort Bernicia Queen Consort Deira by marriage Queen Consort Deira.

In 604 Æthelric King Deira -604 died. His son Osric King Deira -634 succeeded King Deira.

In 616 Edwin King Northumbria 586-633 (30) succeeded King Bernicia, King Deira.

Battle of Hatfield Chase

On 12 Oct 633 King Penda's alliance of Gwynedd and Mercia defeated the Northumbrians at the Battle of Hatfield Chase.
Eadfrith Deira -633 was captured.
Edwin King Northumbria 586-633 (47) was killed. His half first cousin Osric King Deira -634 succeeded King Deira. His nephew Eanfrith King Bernicia 590-634 (43) succeeded King Bernicia.
Edwin's son Osfrith Deira -633 was killed.

Battle of Maserfield

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia -655 Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.
Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (37) was killed. His body was subsequently dismembered with his head and arms mounted on poles. His brother Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (29) succeeded King Bernicia. Rhiainfellt Rheged Queen Consort Bernicia by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.
Osric King Deira -634 was killed. His son Oswine King Deira -651 succeeded King Deira.
Eowa King Mercia -642 was killed (probably).

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 600-649. 644. This year died at Rochester, on the tenth of October, Paulinus, who was first Archbishop at York, and afterwards at Rochester. He was bishop nineteen winters, two months, and one and twenty days. This year the son of Oswy's uncle (Oswin), the son of Osric, assumed the government of Deira, and reigned seven winters.

In 651 Æthelwald King Deira 642- succeeded King Deira.

In 655 Ealhfrith King Deira 630-664 (25) succeeded King Deira.

Around 664 Ealhfrith King Deira 630-664 (34) died. His brother Ecgfrith King Northumbria 645-685 (19) succeeded King Deira. Æthelthryth Wuffingas Queen Consort Deira Queen Consort Northumbria 636-679 (28) by marriage Queen Consort Deira.

Aelfwine King Deira -679 succeeded King Deira.

Northumbria

King Northumbria

Battle of the River Idle

In 617 Raedwald King East Anglia 570-624 (47) and his son Raegenhere Wuffingas -617 fought the Battle of the River Idle which took place at the River Idle Markham Moor Retford which forms the western border of the Isle of Lindsey.
Raegenhere Wuffingas -617 was killed.
Æthelfrith King Northumbrians 572-617 (45) was killed. Edwin King Northumbria 586-633 (31) succeeded King Northumbria.

In 634 Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (30) succeeded King Northumbria. Kyneburga Unknown Queen Northumbria by marriage King Northumbria.

In 670 Ecgfrith King Northumbria 645-685 (25) succeeded King Northumbria. Æthelthryth Wuffingas Queen Consort Deira Queen Consort Northumbria 636-679 (34) by marriage Queen Consort Northumbria.

Battle of Dun Nechtain

On 20 May 685 Bridei III Picts 627-693 (57) defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Dun Nechtain.
Ecgfrith King Northumbria 645-685 (40) was killed at Dunnichen, Angus. His brother Aldfrith King Northumbria -704 succeeded King Northumbria.

On 14 Dec 704 Aldfrith King Northumbria -704 died. His son Osred King Northumbria 697-716 (7) succeeded King Northumbria.

In 729 Osric King Northumbria -729 died. His half fourth cousin twice removed Ceolwulf King Northumbria -760 succeeded King Northumbria.

In 737 Ceolwulf King Northumbria -760 abdicated. His half first cousin Eadberht King of Northumbria -768 succeeded King Northumbria.

On 05 Aug 759 Æthelwald Moll King of Northumbria was crowned King Northumbria.

In 765 Æthelwald Moll King of Northumbria was deposed as King Northumbria. Alhred King of Northumbria was appointed King Northumbria.

On 19 Aug 768  19 Aug 768 Eadberht King of Northumbria -768 died. His son Oswulf King of Northumbria -759 succeeded King Northumbria. He reigned for less than a year being murdered on 25 Jul 759.

In 774 Æthelred I of Northumbria 762-796 (12) was appointed King Northumbria.

In 774 Alhred King of Northumbria was deposed. Æthelred I of Northumbria 762-796 (12) was appointed King Northumbria.

On 23 Sep 788 Ælfwald I King of Northumbria -788 was murdered. He was buried at Hexham Abbey. His nephew Osred King of Northumbria -792 succeeded King Northumbria.

On 29 Sep 792 Æthelred I of Northumbria 762-796 (30) and Ælfflæd Queen of Mercia were married. She  by marriage King Northumbria.