Biography of Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403
Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: On behalf of the archbishop prior and chapter of Canterbury. 27. Be it remembered that the venerable father Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, earnestly prayed to the lord king in the present parliament that whereas his church of Canterbury, by the gift and grant of his noble and holy progenitors, which the same king graciously confirmed, had such prerogative over the other churches of England that whatsoever archbishop of Canterbury for the time being had custody of all lordships, manors, tenements, and rents with appurtenances which were held of the same church in chief during the minority of the heirs of their tenants, even though the same tenants elsewhere held in chief of the lord king; and now concerning the castle and manor of Tonbridge, which by virtue of this prerogative were in the custody of William de Courtenay, late archbishop of Canterbury now deceased, predecessor of the present archbishop, on the day on which he died, by reason of the minority of the heir of the earl of Stafford deceased, who held the aforesaid castle and manor from the aforesaid former archbishop in chief, dispute and controversy between the present archbishop and the executors of the will of the aforesaid late archbishop are pending at present. And whereas a certain composition was drawn up a short while ago between the archbishop of Canterbury and the prior and chapter of the church of Canterbury on the matter, it pleased the lord king, having inspected and examined that composition, to order a view and settlement of the matter for the peace and right of his said church of Canterbury, as should seem best to his royal majesty, to whose ordinance and decree on the foregoing the same archbishop proclaimed himself to be firmly obedient in all things, whereupon the same lord king immediately appointed the venerable fathers Robert archbishop of York, Robert bishop of London and John bishop of Ely, and John duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and John earl of Huntingdon, and Thomas the earl marshal, to inspect and examine that composition, and further to discuss and settle the matter at their discretion, and fully to inform the lord king of what their deed and action should be. And later on Monday, the last day of the aforesaid parliament [10 February 1397], the archbishop of York, and the bishops, and the aforesaid duke and earls thus appointed by order of the lord king in the same parliament returned their decree and ordinance on the aforesaid matter by Walter Clopton, the lord king's justice, in this form - namely, that the third part of all manors, lands, and tenements of the inheritance of the aforesaid heir, and the issues, profits, and revenues of the same from the time of the death of the aforesaid late archbishop, should, according to the form of the aforesaid composition, remain and be in the hands of the aforesaid prior and chapter, to be used for their own purposes; and that two parts of the aforesaid lands and tenements, with the issues, profits, and revenues of the same two parts, should remain likewise in the hands of that prior and chapter, safely and securely to keep until the lord king shall have ordained to whom those said two parts of the issues, profits, and revenues shall be delivered and has declared his will thereon. And the castle of Tonbridge will be delivered to the aforesaid present archbishop of Canterbury without delay, to remain in his hands and keeping until the the coming of age of the aforesaid heir. The which ordinance and decree thus rendered by the archbishop of York, bishops, duke and earls, the aforesaid lord king, approving thereof, ordered to be placed on record on the roll of parliament at the request of the aforesaid present archbishop of Canterbury.
Before 01 Mar 1350 [his father] Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 and Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334- were married.
On 31 Aug 1372 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (70) died. His son [his father] Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 (36) succeeded 2nd Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 3rd Baron Stafford 1C 1299. Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334- by marriage Countess Stafford 1C 1351.
On 02 Mar 1378 Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 was born to [his father] Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 (42) and Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334-.
On 16 Oct 1386 [his father] Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 (50) died returning from his Pilgrimage to Jerusalem. His son [his brother] Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford 1368-1392 (18) succeeded 3rd Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 4th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
Around 1390 [his brother] Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford 1368-1392 (22) and [his future wife] Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (7) were married. [his future wife] Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (7) by marriage Countess Stafford 1C 1351.
On 04 Jul 1392 [his brother] Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford 1368-1392 (24) died at Westminster. His brother [his brother] William Stafford 4th Earl Stafford 1375-1395 (16) succeeded Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 5th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
Before 1394 Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and [his sister] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 were married. [his sister] Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 by marriage Countess Suffolk 3C 1385.
On 06 Apr 1395 [his brother] William Stafford 4th Earl Stafford 1375-1395 (19) died at Pleshy Castle. He was buried at Tonbridge. His brother Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (17) succeeded 5th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 6th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
On 28 Jun 1398 Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (20) and [his wife] Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (15) were married. She (15) by marriage Countess Stafford 1C 1351.
On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (49) attended.
After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:.
Henry, prince of Wales.
Edmund, duke of York.
Edward, earl of Rutland.
Thomas, earl of Arundel.
John, earl of Somerset.
Edmund, earl of Stafford.
Henry, earl of Northumberland.
Ralph, earl of Westmorland.
Thomas, earl of Worcester.
Michael, earl of Suffolk.
Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor.
Thomas, Lord Berkeley.
John, Lord Charlton.
Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin.
Thomas, Lord Camoys.
Thomas, Lord Furnivall.
Robert, Lord Scales.
John, Lord Beaumont.
William, Lord Willoughby.
Hugh, Lord Burnell.
William, Lord Ferrers of Groby.
William, Lord Bergavenny.
John, Lord Lovell.
Robert, Lord Harrington.
On 15 Aug 1402 [his son] Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 was born to Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (24) and [his wife] Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (19).
On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield Shrewsbury. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424.
Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 (59) and Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 were killed.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded 6th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 7th Baron Stafford 1C 1299. Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Baroness Stafford 1C 1299.
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.
John Rossall -1403 was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall 1377-1432 (26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury estates.
In 1438 [his former wife] Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (55) died. He was buried at Llanthony Secunda Priory Gloucester.
Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 and [his daughter] Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter -1432 were married. [his daughter] Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter -1432 by marriage Countess March 1C 1328, Earl Ulster.
Paternal Family Tree: Stafford
Father: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386
GrandFather: Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372
Great GrandFather: Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308
Great x 2 GrandFather: Nicholas Stafford 1246-1287
Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Stafford 1216-1282