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Biography of Isabel Neville 1451-1476

1462 Warwick becomes Kingmaker

1465 George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop of York

1469 Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

1470 Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

1471 Battle of Barnet

1472 Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

1474 Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead

1476 Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

1478 Execution of George Duke of Clarence


Family Trees

Ancestry

In 1434 [her father] Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (6) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (7) were married.

On 05 Sep 1451 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 was born to [her father] Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (23) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (25) at Warwick Castle.

In 1461 [her future husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was created 1st Duke Clarence 3C 1461.

Warwick becomes Kingmaker

Before 09 Dec 1462 Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 died. [her father] Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some fourteen years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop of York

On 06 Sep 1465 George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (33) was enthroned as Archbishop of York at Cawood Castle Cawood North Yorkshire. Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (14), [her sister] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (9) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (12) were present. .

Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

On 11 Jul 1469 [her husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) were married by George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (37) at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais in Calais witnessed by [her father] Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41). Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) by marriage 1st Duke Clarence 3C 1461. .

Around 14 Apr 1470 [her step-daughter] Anne York 1470-1470 was born to [her husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (20) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (18).

Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

On 13 Dec 1470 Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) and [her sister] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were married at Angers Cathedral, Angers. [her sister] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) was appointed Princess Wales. .

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by his brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485 (48), Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507 (30), William Parr KG 1434-1483 (37), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed.
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed. His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded 3rd Baron Saye and Sele. Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele.
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought. .
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In 1472 [her husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (22) was created 1st Earl Salisbury 3C 1472.

Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

On 12 Jul 1472 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (19) and [her sister] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) were married at St Stephen's Chapel. [her sister] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) by marriage Duchess Gloucester 3C 1461.

On 14 Aug 1473 [her step-daughter] Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 was born to [her husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (23) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (21) at Farleigh_Hungerford_Castle_Farleigh_Hungerford__Somerset.

Around 1535 Unknown Painter. Portrait of unknown woman formerly thought to be Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 (61).

Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21), who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband [her father] Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13), died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56).

Parliament Rolls.Edward IV Oct 1472.Second Roll. 06 Jun 1474. Westminster. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (21), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (24), and Isabel (22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle, late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (47), his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (24) and Isabel (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (21) and Anne (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales, late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead.

On 25 Feb 1475 [her step-son] Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was born to [her husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (25) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (23) at Warwick Castle.

On 06 Oct 1476 [her step-son] Richard York 1476-1477 was born to [her husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) at Tewkesbury Abbey.

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. She was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey. [her husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477. [her step-son] Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (1) succeeded 17th Earl Warwick 1C 1088. See Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho.

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother [her former husband] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was drowned in a butt of wine; Malmsey wine in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London This story may be an invention. William Hussey 1443-1495 (35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason. The only other person known to have been executed, or ritually killed, by drowning in a butt of wine is Muirchertach mac Muiredaig High King of Ireland -534 (as reported by the Annals of Ulster) in his case at Newgrange Passage Tomb.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Neville

Descendants Family Trees:

Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364 1425

John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337 1388

Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400 1460

Ancestry

Father: Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471

GrandFather: Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460

Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367