Biography of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626

1571 Ridolphi Plot

1588 Spanish Armada

1596 Sack of Cadiz

1605 Gunpowder Plot

1613 Marriage of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset and Frances Howard


Family Trees

Royal Ancestry

Royal Descendants

Ancestors

Before 22 Aug 1553 Henry Dudley -1557 and [his mother] Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 were married (he was her third cousin once removed).

On 25 Aug 1554 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (81) died at Kenninghall. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham. His grandson [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (18) succeeded 4th Duke Norfolk 3C 1483, 3rd Earl Surrey 3C 1483.

In 1556 [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (19) and Mary Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1540-1557 (16) were married (he was her second cousin once removed). Mary Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1540-1557 (16) by marriage Duke Norfolk 3C 1483, Earl Surrey 3C 1483.

In 1558 [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (21) and [his mother] Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (18) were married (he was her fourth cousin). [his mother] Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (18) by marriage Duke Norfolk 3C 1483, Earl Surrey 3C 1483.

On 24 Aug 1561 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 was born to [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (25) and [his mother] Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (21).

On 09 Jan 1564 [his mother] Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (24) died at Norwich following the birth of her fourth child. She was buried at Church of St John the Baptist Norwich . Her son Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (2) succeeded 2nd Baron Audley Waldon in Essex.

In 1567 [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (30) and Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk 1536-1567 (31) were married. Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk 1536-1567 (31) by marriage Duke Norfolk 3C 1483, Earl Surrey 3C 1483.

On 17 May 1569 George Dacre 5th Baron Dacre Gilsland 9th Baron Greystoke 1561-1569 (8) died. There was a dispute as to whether his uncle Leonard Dacre -1573 should inherit Baron Dacre Gilsland 3C 1473 which would be the case if it was created by letters patent, or whether the Barony was in abeyance between the 5th Baron's (8) three sisters which would be the case of the barony had been created through a writ of summons. Such decisions would normally be referred to the [his father] Duke of Norfolk (33) in his capacity as Earl Marshal but he, [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (33), had married Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk 1536-1567, the mother of the three daughters although she had died in the meantime; he was not impartial - the three daughters were now his step-daughters. The matter was referred to Commissioners who decided the Barony had been created by writ between and was, therefore, abeyant between the three daughters who were now the step-daughters of [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (33). He, [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (33) subsequently married his eldest son [his half-brother] Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (11) to his eldest step-daughter [his future sister-in-law] Anne Dacre Countess Arundel 1557-1630 (12). After [his father] Thomas Howard's (33) execution in 1572 the two remaining daughters, [his future wife] Mary Dacre Baroness Audley Waldon 1563-1578 (5) and [his future sister-in-law] Elizabeth Dacre 1564-1639 (4) were married to his two remaining sons Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (7) and [his brother] William "Belted" Howard 1563-1640 (5) respectively ensuring all of the Dacre and Greystoke wealth and estates in Cumberland, Yorkshire and Northumberland would become the property of the Howard family.

In 1571 [his half-brother] Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (13) and [his future sister-in-law] Anne Dacre Countess Arundel 1557-1630 (13) were married (he was her half third cousin once removed). She being his step-sister.

Before 1572 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Mary Dacre Baroness Audley Waldon 1563-1578 were married (he was her half third cousin once removed). Mary Dacre Baroness Audley Waldon 1563-1578 by marriage Baron Audley Waldon in Essex. She died six years later three months short of her fifteenth birthday.

Ridolphi Plot

On 02 Jun 1572 [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (36) was executed for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church Tower of London.

On 07 Apr 1578 [his wife] Mary Dacre Baroness Audley Waldon 1563-1578 (14) died in Naworth Castle Naworth Brampton.

Before 1580 Richard Rich -1580 and [his future wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 were married.

On 24 Feb 1580 Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (67) died. His grandson [his half-brother] Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (22) succeeded 20th Earl Arundel Sussex, 10th Baron Maltravers 1C 1330, 10th Baron Arundel 1C 1377. [his sister-in-law] Anne Dacre Countess Arundel 1557-1630 (22) by marriage Earl Arundel Sussex.

Before 1582 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 were married (he was her third cousin). Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 by marriage Baron Audley Waldon in Essex.

On 13 Aug 1582 [his son] Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk 1582-1640 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (20) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (18) at Saffron Walden.

Around 1583 [his daughter] Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (21) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (19).

Around 1584 Thomas Clinton 3rd Earl Lincoln 1571-1619 (13) and [his sister-in-law] Elizabeth Knyvet Countess Lincoln 1578-1638 (6) were married.

In 1584 [his son] Robert Howard 1584-1653 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (22) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (20).

On 08 Oct 1587 [his son] Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire 1587-1669 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (26) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (23) at Saffron Walden.

Spanish Armada

On 25 Jul 1588 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (26) was captain of the Golden Lion in the attack on the Spanish Armada.

On 26 Jul 1588 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (26) was knighted by Admiral Lord Howard of Effingham on the Ark Royal.

On 31 May 1590 [his daughter] Frances Howard Countess Essex Countess Somerset 1590-1632 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (28) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (26).

In 1592 [his son] Henry Howard 1592-1616 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (30) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (28) in Henley In Arden.

On 19 Oct 1595 [his half-brother] Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (38) died of dysentery at Tower of London. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church Tower of London, reburied at Arundel Cathedral Arundel and then reburied in the Fitzalan Chapel Arundel Castle. His son [his nephew] Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646 (10) succeeded 21st Earl Arundel Sussex, 4th Earl Surrey 3C 1483, 11th Baron Maltravers 1C 1330, 11th Baron Arundel 1C 1377.

Sack of Cadiz

On 13 Jun 1596 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) departed from Plymouth with a fleet of 150 English and Dutch ships divided into four squads with 6,360 private soldiers, 1,000 English volunteers, and 6,772 sailors.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (60) was admiral in command. Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30) commanded the land forces. Edward Conway 1st Viscount Conway 1564-1631 (32) commanded a foot Regiment.
Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (34),Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (42),Francis Vere 1561-1609 (36) each commanded a squadron.
Anthony Ashley 1st Baronet St Giles Wimborne St Giles 1561-1628 (35) represented Queen Elizabeth (62).

In 1597 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (35) was appointed 384th Knight of the Garter by his second cousin once removed Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (63).

In 1598 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (36).

Around 1602 [his son] Edward Howard 1st Baron Howard 1602-1675 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (40) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (38).

In 1603 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (11) and [his daughter] Frances Howard Countess Essex Countess Somerset 1590-1632 (12) were married (he was her fourth cousin). They were separated after the wedding given their young age. Essex went on a European tour from 1607 to 1609. When he returned she avoided him having fallen for Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645 (16) whilst her husband was away. He was ill with smallpox. She sought an annulment with her father Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 and uncle Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton 1540-1614 (62) acting for her. She maintained the marriage had not been consummated and was examined by ten matrons and two midwives who found her hymen intact. It was widely rumoured at the time that Sir Thomas Monson's (38) daughter was a substitute, which is possible because she had requested to be veiled during the examination "for modesty's sake". He maintained he was capable with other women, but was unable to consummate his marriage blaming her.

In 1603 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (41) was created 1st Earl Suffolk 4C 1603. [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (39) by marriage Earl Suffolk 4C 1603.

Gunpowder Plot

On 04 Nov 1605 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle 14th Baron Marshal 13th Baron Morley 1575-1622 (30) searched the basement with Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (44) and discovered the gunpowder and explosives at Westminster Palace.

On 23 Dec 1605 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (61) and [his daughter] Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (22) were married (he was her third cousin once removed). [his daughter] Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (22) by marriage Baron Knollys.

Gunpowder Plot The Effect Of the Indictment. On 27 Jan 1606  the trial of the conspirators took place at Westminster Hall.
The Commissioners were:.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (70).
Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (44).
Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (56).
Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (43).
Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton 1540-1614 (65).
Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (42).
John Popham Lord Chief Justice 1531-1607 (75).
Thomas Fleming Judge 1544-1613 (61).
Peter Warburton Judge 1540-1621 (66).
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The Effect of the Indictment.
Note. We have broken this very lengthy paragraph up into more manageable chunks..
THAT whereas our Sovereign Lord the King (39) had, by the Advice and Assent of his Council, for divers weighty and urgent Occasions concerning, his Majesty, the State, and Defence of the Church and Kingdom of England, appointed a Parliament to be holden at his City of Westminster; That Henry Garnet (50), Superior of the Jesuits within the Realm of England, (called also by the several names of Wally, Darcy, Roberts, Farmer, and Henry Philips), Oswald Tesmond Jesuit (43), otherwise called Oswald Greenwell, John Gerrard Jesuit (41), (called also by the several names of Lee and Brooke), Robert Winter, Thomas Winter (35), Gentlemen, Guy Fawkes Gent. otherwise called Guy Johnson, Robert Keyes Gent. and Thomas Bates Yeoman, late Servant to Robert Catesby Esquire; together with the said Robert Catesby and Thomas Percy Esquires, John Wright and Christopher Wright Gentlemen, in open Rebellion and Insurrection against his Majesty, lately slain, and Francis Tresham Esq; lately dead; as false Traitors against our said Sovereign Lord the King, did traitorously meet and assemble themselves together; and being so met, the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, did maliciously, falsly, and traitorously move and persuade as well the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, That our said Sovereign Lord the King, the Nobility, Clergy, and whole Commonalty of the Realm of England, (Papists excepted) were Hereticks; and that all Hereticks were accursed and excommunicate; and that none Heretick could be a King; but that it was lawful and meritorious to kill our said Sovereign Lord the King, and all other Hereticks within this Realm of England, for the Advancing and Enlargement of the pretended and usurped Authority and Jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, and for the restoring of the superstitious Romish Religion within this Realm of England.
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To which traitorous Persuasions, the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, traitorously did yield their Assents: And that thereupon the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and divers other Jesuits; Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as also the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright and Francis Tresham, traitorously amongst themselves did conclude and agree, with Gunpowder, as it were with one Blast, suddenly, traitorously and barbarously to blow up and tear in pieces our said Sovereign Lord the King, the excellent, virtuous and gracious Queen Anne, his dearest Wife, the most noble Prince Henry, their eldest Son, and future Hope and Joy of England; and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the Reverend Judges of the Realm, the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of Parliament, and divers other faithful Subjects and Servants of the King in the said Parliament, for the Causes aforesaid, to be assembled in the House of Parliament; and all them, without any respect of Majesty, Dignity, Degree, Sex, Age or Place, most barbarously, and more than beastly, traitorously and suddenly to destroy and swallow up.
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And further did most traitorously conspire and conclude among themselves, That not only the whole Royal Issue-Male of our said Sovereign Lord the King should be destroyed and rooted out; but that the Persons aforesaid, together with divers other false Traitors, traitorously with them to be assembled, should surprize the Persons of the most noble Ladies Elizabeth and Mary, Daughters of our said Sovereign Lord the King, and falsly and traitorously should proclaim the said Lady Elizabeth to be Queen of this Realm: And thereupon should publish a Proclamation in the name of the said Lady Elizabeth; wherein, as it was especially agreed by and between the said Conspirators, That no mention should be made at the first, of the alteration of Religion established within within this Realm of England; neither would the said false Traitors therein acknowledge themselves to be Authors, or Actors, or Devisers of the aforesaid most wicked and horrible Treasons, until they had got sufficient Power and Strength for the assured Execution and Accomplishment of their said Conspiracy and Treason; and that then they would avow and justify the said most wicked and horrible Treasons, as Actions that were in the number of those, Quae non laudantur, nisi peracta, which be not to be commended before they be done: but by the said feign'd and traitorous Proclamation they would publish, That all and singular Abuses and Grievances within this Realm of England, should, for satisfying of the People, be reform'd.
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And that as well for the better concealing, as for the more effectual accomplishing of the said horrible Treasons, as well the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, by the traitorous Advice and Procurement of the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, traitorously did further conclude and agree, that as well the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, thereupon severally and traitorously should receive several corporal Oaths upon the holy Evangelists, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist, That they the Treasons aforesaid would traitorously conceal and keep secret, and would not reveal them, directly or indirectly, by Words or Circumstances, nor ever would desist from the Execution and final Accomplishment of the said Treasons, without the consent of some three of the aforesaid false Traitors first in that behalf traitorously had: And that thereupon as well the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christ. Wright, and Francis Tresham, did traitorously take the said several corporal Oaths severally, and did receive the Sacrament of the Eucharist aforesaid, by the Hands of the said Henry Garnet (50), John Gerrard (41), Oswald Tesmond (43), and other Jesuits.
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And further, that the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes,Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright,Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, by the like traitorous Advice and Counsel of the said Henry Garnet (50), John Gerrard (41), Oswald Tesmond (43), and other Jesuits, for the more effectual compassing and final execution of the said Treasons, did traitorously among themselves conclude and agree to dig a certain Mine under the said House of Parliament, and there secretly, under the said House, to bestow and place a great Quantity of Gunpowder ; and that according to the said traitorous Conclusion, the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomes Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, afterwards secretly, not without great labour and difficulty, did dig and make the said Mine unto the midst of the Foundation of the Wall of the said House of Parliament, the said Foundation being of the thickness of three yards, with a traitorous Intent to bestow and place a great Quantity of Gunpowder in the Mine aforesaid, so as aforesaid traitorously to be made for the traitorous accomplishing of their traitorous Purposes aforesaid.
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And that the said Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, finding and perceiving the said Work to be of great difficulty, by reason of the Hardness and thickness of the said Wall ; and understanding a certain Cellar under the said House of Parliament, and adjoining to a certain House of the said Thomas Percy, then to be letten to farm for a yearly Rent, the said Thomas Percy, by the traitorous Procurement, as well of the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as of the said Robert Catesby, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, traitorously did hire the Cellar aforesaid for a certain yearly Rent and Term: and then those Traitors did remove twenty Barrels full of Gunpowder out of the said House of the said Thomas Percy, and secretly and traitorously did bestow and place them in the Cellar aforesaid, under the said House of Parliament, for the traitorous effecting of the Treason, and traitorous Purposes aforesaid.
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And that afterwards the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright traitorously did meet with Robert Winter, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, Esquires; and traitorously did impart to the said Robert Winter, John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, the Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid ; and did require the said Robert Winter, John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, to join themselves as well with the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, in the Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid; and traitorously to provide Horse, Armour, and other Necessaries, for the better Accomplishment and effecting of the said Treasons.
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To which traitorous Motion and Request, the said Robert Winter, John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, did traitorously yield their Assents, and as well with the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), Robert Winter, Thomas Winter (35), Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, in the said Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid, traitorously did adhere and unite themselves: And thereupon several corporal Oaths, in form abovesaid, traitorously did take, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist, by the hands of the said Jesuits did receive, to such intent and Purpose, as is aforesaid; and Horses, Armour, and other Necessaries for the better effecting of the said Treasons, according to their traitorous Assents aforesaid, traitorously did provide.
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And that afterwards all the said false Traitors did traitorously provide, and bring into the Cellar aforesaid ten other Barrels full of Gunpowder, newly bought, fearing lest the former Gunpowder, so as aforesaid bestow'd and placed there, was become dankish; and the said several Quantities of: Gunpowder aforesaid, with Billets and Faggots, lest they should be spy'd, secretly and traitorously did cover.
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And that afterwards the said false Traitors traitorously provided, and brought into the Cellar aforesaid, four Hogsheads full of Gunpowder, and laid divers great Iron Bars and Stones upon the said four Hogsheads, and the aforesaid other Quantities of Gunpowder: And the said Quantities of Gunpowder, Bars, and Stones, with Billets and Faggots, lest they should be espy'd, secretly and traitorously did likewise cover.
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And that the said Guy Fawkes, afterwards, for a full and final Accomplishment of the said Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid, by the traitorous Procurement, as well of the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), and other Jesuits, Robert Winter, Thomas Winter (35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, as of the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, traitorously had prepared, and had upon his Person Touchwood and Match, therewith traitorously to give fire to the several Barrels, Hogsheads, and Quantities of Gunpowder aforesaid, at the time appointed for the Execution of the said horrible Treasons.
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And further, that after the said horrible Treasons were, by the great Favour and Mercy of God, in a wonderful manner discover'd, not many hours before it should have been executed, as well the said Henry Garnet (50), Oswald Tesmond (43), John Gerrard (41), Robert Winter, Thomas Winter (35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, traitorously did fly and withdraw themselves, to the intent traitorously to stir up and procure such Popish Persons, as they could, to join with them in actual, publick and open Rebellion against our said Sovereign Lord the King; and to that end did publish divers feigned and false Rumours, that the Papists Throats should have been cut; and that thereupon divers Papists were in Arms, and in open, publick, and actual Rebellion against our said Sovereign Lord the King, in divers Parts of this Realm of England.

Before 1607 [his nephew] Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646 and Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel were married (he was her third cousin). Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel by marriage Earl Arundel Sussex, Earl Surrey 3C 1483.

In 1611 John Eyre 1580-1639 (31) and Dorothy Bulstrode Lady in Waiting 1592-1590 (19) attempted to murder Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert Chirbury 1582-1648 (28) who he suspected of having an affair with his wife (Dorothy Bulstrode Lady in Waiting 1592-1590 (19)). Eyre (31) and four accomplices caught up with Herbert (28) and his two footmen at Scotland Yard as he was leaving Whitehall Palace, and wounded his horse several times. Eyre (31) broke Herbert's sword. Twenty more men appeared, Herbert thought them Eyre's supporters and attendants of the Earl of Suffolk (49). Two other men helped Herbert, and after a prolonged struggle he wounded Eyre, who was carried to the Thames vomiting. A few days later Eyre sent a message that he would kill Herbert with "a musket out of a window". Meanwhile, because Eyre (31) claimed Dorothy had confessd to being unfaithful, she sent a letter to her aunt Lady Croke (Note. probably Prudence Croke 1567-1621 (44) possibly Elizabeth Croke denying this, and Herbert was able to give this letter to the Privy Council. The Duke of Lennox (36) said that John Eyre was "the most miserable man living" because of the shame of Dorothy's letter, and because his father had disinherited him on hearing of the assault.

In 1612 [his son] Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk 1582-1640 (29) and Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk were married.

Marriage of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset and Frances Howard

On 26 Dec 1613 Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645 (26) and [his daughter] Frances Howard Countess Essex Countess Somerset 1590-1632 (23) were married. [his daughter] Frances Howard Countess Essex Countess Somerset 1590-1632 (23) by marriage Earl Somerset 3C 1613.
Her marriage with her first husband Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (22) had been annulled on the grounds of his impotence three months before causing something of a scandal.

In 1614 [his son] Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire 1587-1669 (26) and Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire 1596-1672 (18) were married (he was her fourth cousin).

In 1621 [his son] Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire 1587-1669 (33) was created 1st Baron Howard Charlton Wiltshire. Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire 1596-1672 (25) by marriage Baron Howard Charlton Wiltshire.

On 07 Feb 1626 [his son] Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire 1587-1669 (38) was created 1st Earl Berkshire 2C 1626. Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire 1596-1672 (30) by marriage Earl Berkshire 2C 1626.

On 28 May 1626 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (64) died at Charing Cross. He was buried at Saffron Walden. His son Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk 1582-1640 (43) succeeded 2nd Earl Suffolk 4C 1603. Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk by marriage Earl Suffolk 4C 1603.

In 1638 [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (74) died.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 August 1654. 31 Aug 1654. Through part of Huntingdonshire, we passed that town, fair and ancient, a river running by it. The country about it so abounds in wheat that, when any King of England passes through it, they have a custom to meet him with a hundred plows.
This evening, to Cambridge; and went first to St. John's College, well built of brick, and library, which I think is the fairest of that University. One Mr. Benlowes has given it all the ornaments of pietra commessa, whereof a table and one piece of perspective is very fine; other trifles there also be of no great value, besides a vast old song-book, or Service, and some fair manuscripts. There hangs in the library the picture of John Williams, Archbishop of York, sometime Lord Keeper, my kinsman, and their great benefactor.
Trinity College is said by some to be the fairest quadrangle of any university in Europe; but in truth is far inferior to that of Christ Church, in Oxford; the hall is ample and of stone, the fountain in the quadrangle is graceful, the chapel and library fair. There they showed us the prophetic manuscript of the famous Grebner, but the passage and emblem which they would apply to our late King, is manifestly relating to the Swedish; in truth, it seems to be a mere fantastic rhapsody, however the title may bespeak strange revelations. There is an office in manuscript with fine miniatures, and some other antiquities, given by the Countess of Richmond, mother of Henry VIII, and the before-mentioned Archbishop Williams, when Bishop of Lincoln. The library is pretty well stored. The Greek Professor had me into another large quadrangle cloistered and well built, and gave us a handsome collation in his own chamber.
Thence to Caius, and afterward to King's College, where I found the chapel altogether answered expectation, especially the roof, all of stone, which for the flatness of its laying and carving may, I conceive, vie with any in Christendom. The contignation of the roof (which I went upon), weight, and artificial joining of the stones is admirable. The lights are also very fair. In one aisle lies the famous Dr. Collins, so celebrated for his fluency in the Latin tongue. From this roof we could descry Ely, and the encampment of Sturbridge fair now beginning to set up their tents and booths; also Royston, Newmarket, etc., houses belonging to the King. The library is too narrow.
Clare-Hall is of a new and noble design, but not finished.
Peter-House, formerly under the government of my worthy friend, Dr. Joseph Cosin (59) [Note. Joseph appears to be a mistake for John?], Dean of Peterborough; a pretty neat college, having a delicate chapel. Next to Sidney, a fine college.
Catherine-Hall, though a mean structure, is yet famous for the learned Bishop Andrews, once Master. Emanuel College, that zealous house, where to the hall they have a parlor for the Fellows. The chapel is reformed, ab origine, built north and south, and meanly erected, as is the library.
Jesus College, one of the best built, but in a melancholy situation. Next to Christ-College, a very noble erection, especially the modern part, built without the quadrangle toward the gardens, of exact architecture.
The Schools are very despicable, and Public Library but mean, though somewhat improved by the wainscoting and books lately added by the Bishop Bancroft's library and MSS. They showed us little of antiquity, only King James's Works, being his own gift, and kept very reverently.
The market place is very ample, and remarkable for old Hobson, the pleasant carrier's beneficence of a fountain. But the whole town is situate in a low, dirty, unpleasant place, the streets ill-paved, the air thick and infected by the fens, nor are its churches, (of which St. Mary's is the best) anything considerable in compare to Oxford.
From Cambridge, we went to Audley-End, and spent some time in seeing that goodly place built by Howard, Earl of Suffolk, once Lord Treasurer. It is a mixed fabric, between antique and modern, but observable for its being completely finished, and without comparison is one of the stateliest palaces in the kingdom. It consists of two courts, the first very large, winged with cloisters. The front had a double entrance; the hall is fair, but somewhat too small for so august a pile. The kitchen is very large, as are the cellars, arched with stone, very neat and well disposed; these offices are joined by a wing out of the way very handsomely. The gallery is the most cheerful and I think one of the best in England; a fair dining-room, and the rest of the lodgings answerable, with a pretty chapel. The gardens are not in order, though well inclosed. It has also a bowling-alley, a noble well-walled, wooded and watered park, full of fine collines and ponds: the river glides before the palace, to which is an avenue of lime trees, but all this is much diminished by its being placed in an obscure bottom. For the rest, is a perfectly uniform structure, and shows without like a diadem, by the decorations of the cupolas and other ornaments on the pavilions; instead of rails and balusters, there is a border of capital letters, as was lately also on Suffolk House, near Charing-Cross, built by the same Lord Treasurer.
This house stands in the parish of Saffron Walden, famous for the abundance of saffron there cultivated, and esteemed the best of any foreign country.

[his daughter] Emily Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638.

[his daughter] Margaret Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638.

[his son] William Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638.

On 22 Apr 1613, before Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645 and [his daughter] Frances Howard Countess Essex Countess Somerset 1590-1632 were married, the Howard family sought to undermine Thomas Overbury's influence over Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645. James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 offered Thomas Overbury 1581-1613 an ambassadorship, possibly on the Howard's advice, which Overbury declined to James' annoyance who put Overbury in the Tower of London.

[his daughter] Gertrude Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638.

[his son] Charles Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638.

[his daughter] Catherine Howard Countess Salisbury was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Mary Dacre Baroness Audley Waldon 1563-1578.

[his son] John Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Maternal Family Tree: Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487 1535

Descendants Family Trees

Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473 1554

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 22 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 13 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 18 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 7 Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 9 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Royal Descendants

Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926- x 3

Ancestors

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 4 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 Grandfather: Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 5 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 Grandmother: Katherine Moleyns -1465

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 6 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 Grandfather: Frederick Tilney 1416-1445

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 8 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Cheney 1422-1473 7 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Grandfather: Henry Howard 1516-1547 6 x great grandson of King Edward III England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 3 x great grandson of King Edward III England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 4 x great grandson of King Edward III England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 6 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 5 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 3 x great grandson of King Edward III England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 4 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 9 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Father: Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 7 x great grandson of King Edward III England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Vere 1410-1461 6 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Vere 1433-1480 4 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 Grandmother: Joan Courtenay 1411-1501 3 x great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 5 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 Grandmother: Alice Colbroke

Grandmother: Frances Vere 1517-1577 6 x great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edward Trussell 1478-1499

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Trussell Countess Oxford 11 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Donne 1430-1505

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Donne 1480- 10 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Hastings 1450-1508 9 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 7 x great grandson of King Edward III England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Ralph Audley 1420-1485

Great x 1 Grandfather: Geoffrey Audley 1450-1504

Grandfather: Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544

Mother: Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 6 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Grey 1432-1461 5 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 Grandfather: Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 6 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 6 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 4 x great grandson of King Edward III England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 6 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 Grandmother: Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 3 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Katherine Neville Baroness Bonville Baroness Hastings 1442-1503 2 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England

Grandmother: Elizabeth Grey Baroness Audley Waldon -1564 5 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England