Twenty Trees

email@twentytrees.co.uk

Biography of Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1495 Edward IV's Daughter's Marriages

1511 Tournament

1513 Battle of Flodden

1521 Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1529 Oct Wolsey surrenders the Great Seal

1532 Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

1533 Katherine Aragon Demoted to Princess

1533 Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

1533 Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

1533 Anne Boleyn's First Appearance as Queen

1536 Pilgrimage of Grace

1536 Funeral of Catherine of Aragon and Miscarriage of Anne Bolyen

1536 Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

1536 Arrest and Imprisonment of Anne Boleyn and her Co accused

1536 Trial of Anne Boleyn and her brother George

1536 Neville Triple Wedding

1537 Birth and Christening Edward VI

1537 Funeral of Jane Seymour

1537 Bigod's Rebellion

1541 Executions

1553 Trial and Execution of Lady Jane Grey's Supporters

1553 Coronation of Mary I

1553 Arrival of Queen Mary I in London


Family Trees

Ancestry

On 30 Sep 1472 [his father] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (29) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (27) were married.

In 1473 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 was born to [his father] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (30) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (28).

The History of King Richard the Third. King Edward of that name the Fourth (40), after he had lived fifty and three years, seven months, and six days, and thereof reigned two and twenty years, one month, and eight days, died at Westminster the ninth day of April, the year of our redemption, a thousand four hundred four score and three, leaving much fair issue, that is, Edward the Prince (12), thirteen years of age; Richard Duke of York, two years younger; Elizabeth (17), whose fortune and grace was after to be queen, wife unto King Henry the Seventh (26), and mother unto the Eighth; Cecily (14) not so fortunate as fair; Brigette (2), who, representing the virtue of her whose name she bore, professed and observed a religious life in Dertford, a house of cloistered Nuns; Anne (7), who was after honorably married unto Thomas (10), then Lord Howard and after Earl of Surrey; and Katherine (3), who long time tossed in either fortune—sometime in wealth, often in adversity—at the last, if this be the last, for yet she lives, is by the goodness of her nephew, King Henry the Eighth, in very prosperous state, and worthy her birth and virtue.

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. Henry Tudor (28) succeeded VII King England.
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:.
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35).
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43).
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35).
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20).
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50).
John Wingfield -1509.
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1459-1509 (26).
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36).
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53).
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47).
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34).
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50).
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52).
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38).
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed.
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. His son [his father] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 14th Baron Segrave 2C 1295. Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray 1C 1283, Baron Segrave 2C 1295.
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed.
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,.
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:.
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47).
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74).
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17).
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59).
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28).
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48).
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26).
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50).
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68).
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29).
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23).
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59).
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17).
[his father] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485, Robert Mortimer 1442-1485, Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 were killed.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Edward IV's Daughter's Marriages

On 04 Feb 1495 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (22) and [his wife] Anne York 1475-1511 (19) were married.

On 17 Aug 1497 [his father] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (54) and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (20) were married some four months after the death of his first wife. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (20) by marriage Countess Surrey 3C 1483. She, Agnes, was a first cousin of his former wife Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 for which he was given dispensation on 17 Aug 1497.

In 1498 Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (21) and [his sister] Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 (18) were married.

In 1510 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (37) was appointed 268th Knight of the Garter by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (18)..

1511 Tournament

In Feb 1511 Henry VIII (19) celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at Westminster. The challengers included Henry VIII (19) who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 as Bon Vouloir, Edward Neville 1471-1538 (40) as Joyeulx Penser, Thomas Knyvet 1485-1512 (26) as Valiant Desyr and Thomas Tyrrell -1551. .
On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (28), Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (16), Thomas Cheney Treasurer 1485-1558 (26), Richard Blount and Robert Morton.
On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest of Bracewell 1480-1537 (31), Thomas Lucy, Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (22), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (27), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (34), Richard Grey, Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541 (32), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (38), [his brother] Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (33) and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1479-1523 (32).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) wearing the Garter and Inter twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant. Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford’s arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter’s dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Mary Wotton 1499-1535 (28) when she was thirty-two commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) possibly to celebrate their marriage. Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Baroness Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

On 23 Nov 1511 [his wife] Anne York 1475-1511 (36) died.

In 1513 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40) and [his wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (16) were married.

On 04 May 1513 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40) was appointed Lord High Admiral.

Battle of Flodden

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden the English army was commanded by [his father] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (70), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40), [his brother] Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (35), Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (45), Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (51) and Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518 (56).
The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (59), William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524 (44), Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1472-1533 (41) and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (45).
Randall Babington -1513, John Bigod 1475-1513 and Thomas Fitzwilliam 1474-1513 were killed.
Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545 (33), William Constable 1475-1551 (38), George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston -1558, Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (33), Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (25) and Walter Stonor 1477-1551 were knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40).
Christopher Savage -1513, Thomas Venables 1469-1513 and Brian Tunstall -1513 were killed.
Bryan Stapleton of Wighill 1458-1513 (55) was killed.(Some reports have him dying in 1518).
The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties.
James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (40) was killed. His son James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (1) succeeded V King Scotland: Stewart.
Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews 1493-1513 (20) was killed.
David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis 1470-1513 (43) was killed. His son Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis 1494-1527 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Cassilis. Isabel Campbell Countess Cassilis by marriage Countess Cassilis.
William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness 1459-1513 (54) was killed. His son John Sinclair 3rd Earl Caithness -1529 succeeded 3rd Earl Caithness.
Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 was killed. His son John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Lennox 2C 1488.
William Hay 4th Earl Erroll -1513 was killed. His son William Hay 5th Earl Erroll 1495-1522 (18) succeeded 5th Earl Erroll.
John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton -1513 was killed. His son James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton -1553 succeeded 3rd Earl Morton, 6th Lord Dalkeith.
Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell -1513 was killed. His son Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl Bothwell 1512-1556 (1) succeeded 3rd Earl Bothwell.
Alexander Stewart 4th of Garlies 1481-1513 (32) was killed. His son Alexander Stewart 5th of Garlies 1507-1581 (6) succeeded 5th Master Garlies.
Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone -1513 was killed. His son Alexander Elphinstone 2nd Lord Elphinstone 1510-1547 (3) succeeded 2nd Lord Elphinstone.
Thomas Hay -1513, George Hepburn Bishop Isles 1454-1513, Adam Hepburn Master 1457-1513, Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden -1513,.
William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig -1513 was killed. William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig -1572 succeeded 7th Lord Drumlanrig.
George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513 was killed. His son George Seton 6th Lord Seton -1549 succeeded 6th Lord Seton.
John Hay 2nd Lord Hay -1513 was killed. His son John Hay 3rd Lord Hay -1543 succeeded 3rd Lord Hay of Yester. Elizabeth Douglas Lady Hay by marriage Lord Hay of Yester.
Robert Keith 1483-1525, Guiscard Harbottle 1485-1513, John Erskine -1513, David Home 1491-1513. Henry 03 Lord Sinclair 1465-1513, Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale 1470-1513 (43), James Traquair 1480-1513, Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll 1449-1513, Robert Douglas 1424-1513, John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell -1513 was killed. Robert Maxwell 5th Lord Maxwell 1493-1552 (20) succeeded 5th Lord Maxwell.
William Murray 1470-1513 (43), Colin Oliphant 1487-1513, William Ruthven -1513, George Douglas 1469-1513 and William Douglas 1471-1513 were killed.
George Home 4th Lord Home -1549 and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl 1475-1522 (38) fought.
Brothers David Lyon of Cossins -1513, William Lyon -1513 and George Lyon -1513 were killed.

Around 1535 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575 (15). Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (22).

Around 1536 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575 (16). Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (23).

In 1516 [his son] Henry Howard 1516-1547 was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (43) and [his wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (19) at Hunsdon.

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Based on a work of 1546. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

In 1546 Unknown Painter. Italian. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 (30) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. His right , his left .

In 1519 [his daughter] Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (46) and [his wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (22).

Around 1520 [his son] Thomas Howard 1st Viscount Howard Bindon 1520-1582 was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (47) and [his wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (23).

On 10 Mar 1520 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (47) was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland.

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

In Apr 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was arrested and imprisoned at Tower of London. He was accused of listening to prophecies of the King's death and intending to kill the King. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (48) presided at his trial. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (43) and Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (32) acted as judges. Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529, Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533 (41) and Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (41) as jurors. .

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) wearing the Garter and Inter twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant. Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford’s arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter’s dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Mary Wotton 1499-1535 (28) when she was thirty-two commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) possibly to celebrate their marriage. Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Baroness Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.

On 04 Dec 1522 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (49) was appointed Lord Treasurer.

On 21 May 1524 [his father] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (81) died at Framlingham Castle. He was buried at Thetford Priory Thetford and subsequently reburied at the Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham. His son Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (51) succeeded 3rd Duke Norfolk 3C 1483, 2nd Earl Surrey 3C 1483, 14th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 15th Baron Segrave 2C 1295. [his wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (27) by marriage Duchess Norfolk 3C 1483.

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (6) was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln 7C 1525 at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33). .
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 was created 1st Marquess Exeter 1C 1525.
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland 3C 1525.
Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (52), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (8) and Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland 1519-1547 (6) were married at Bridewell Palace. .

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

1529 Oct Wolsey surrenders the Great Seal

On 17 Oct 1529 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530 (56) surrendered the Great Seal to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (56) and Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (45).

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 25 Oct 1529. Rym. XIV. 349. 6025. Card. Wolsey (56).
Memorandum of the surrender of the Great Seal by Cardinal Wolsey, on 17 Oct., to the dukes of Norfolk (56) and Suffolk (45), in his gallery at his house at Westminster, at 6 o'clock p.m., in the presence of Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam (39), John Tayler, and Stephen Gardiner (46). The same was delivered by Tayler to the King (38) at Windsor, on the 20 Oct., by whom it was taken out and attached to certain documents, in the presence of Tayler and Gardiner, Hen. Norris, Thos. Heneage (49), Ralph Pexsall, clerk of the Crown, John Croke, John Judd, and Thos. Hall, of the Hanaper..
On the 25th Oct. the seal was delivered by the King at East Greenwich to Sir Thos. More (51), in the presence of Hen. Norres and Chr. Hales, Attorney General, in the King's privy chamber; and on the next day, Tuesday, 26 Oct., More took his oath as Chancellor in the Great Hall at Westminster, in presence of the dukes of Norfolk (56) and Suffolk (45), Th. marquis of Dorset (52), Hen. marquis of Exeter, John earl of Oxford (58), Hen. earl of Northumberland (27), Geo. earl of Shrewsbury (61), Ralph earl of Westmoreland (31), John bishop of Lincoln, Cuthbert bishop of London (55), John bishop of Bath and Wells, Sir Rob. Radclyf, viscount Fitzwater (46), Sir Tho. Boleyn, viscount Rocheforde (52), Sir Wm.Sandys, Lord (52) and others.
Close Roll, 21 Hen. VIII. m. 19d.

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 25 Oct 1529. Bradford, 256. 6026. Chapuys to Charles V (29).
On the receipt of your letter on Thursday the 21st, dated Piacenza, I sent to Windsor to ask for an audience. As the administration has fallen principally into the hands of the duke of Norfolk (56), and the communication is more agreeable to him than that of the marriage, I hastened to visit him. The Cardinal (56), who was dis-evangelised on the day of St. Luke the Evangelist (18 Oct.), has been deprived of his offices. I was received by the Duke with great distinction, and expressed to him the regard in which you had always held him for his goodwill. He seemed highly pleased, and said that he and his family had always been attached to the house of Burgundy; that no one more lamented the late disagreements than himself, but that all the evil and misunderstanding ought to be attributed to those who formerly directed the King's councils, acting by their own will and authority, with which the King himself was often dissatisfied.
In reply to his remark that he should like to serve your Majesty against the Turk, I praised his virtuous feelings, and told him that was the main object of my communication; but for the better security of peace, which the King had done so much to establish, one unhappy difference between himself and the Queen remained to be settled. I told him that, however strongly he might feel from family considerations, he could not but feel as a true knight, nor act otherwise than if it had been his own daughter, and as conscience directed; and that your Majesty was convinced that he had not been the promoter of this step. He replied that he would sooner have lost one of his hands than that such a question should have arisen; but it was entirely a matter of law and conscience, and he had never been appealed to; that it had been submitted to ecclesiastics and doctors, who had pronounced against the validity of the marriage; that if the dispensation you held was illegal, the King would consider himself the most abused prince in Christendom; and that if you had not declared yourself in it so openly, it might have sooner been brought to a satisfactory issue. I explained to him the constraint under which you acted; and that, as to the king of England not having declared himself a party in the matter, it was clear that he had done so from the proceedings of the English ambassadors at Rome. Finding he remained thoughtful, I changed the subject. Shortly after he turned to me with a laugh, and said, "How glad the Emperor will be to hear of this fall of the Cardinal (56), and his loss of office?" I answered, I thought you would, but not from any hatred you had to the Cardinal (56); and that he could have done neither good nor ill to you, and was not of such importance as that you would care to be avenged, or trouble yourself about his disgrace; but what you rejoiced at was, that the king of England would now learn who had been his evil counsellors, and leave the management of affairs to men who from birth and circumstances were more competent. I told him that I was the first who had broken through the chain of paying court to the Cardinal (56), and addressed myself to him. He thanked me for my good intentions, and said that the government was managed not by an individual but by the Council, where he usually assisted, and would promote Your Majesty's interests.
  In order to please the Duke (56) I asked him what I should do, although I had already sent one of my secretaries to the King. He told me that the King had ordered that application should be made direct to himself, before any other person was acquainted with the communication. He followed me to the hall, using very courteous language.
On the 22nd my secretary returned from Windsor, stating that the King would be at Greenwich on Saturday, and I was to go the day after. On my reaching Greenwich I found a civil gentleman, named Poller (Bollen ?), sent by the King to conduct me to the palace. There I found the bishop of London (55), who led me to the King's antechamber, where the Court was assembled, and was received by two dukes and the archbishop of Canterbury (79). I conversed with these lords, waiting for the King to go to mass; and we talked of the conference at Bologna. The King, on going to mass, came directly to me, and taking me by the sleeve said, with the utmost graciousness, "You have news from my brother the Emperor." On answering Yes, he asked the date, and then said your Majesty was very careful to give him information. I assured him that you were anxious to make him partaker of all affairs, and thus show your brotherly affection. I then presented your letters, and, as to the particulars of my credentials, he said that the ambassadors in your court were authorised to treat about them. Speaking of your going into Italy I bespoke his good offices.
On his return from mass, he came up to me again, and resumed the subject. When we talked of the necessity of resisting the Turk, and of the Pope's arrival at Bologna on the 5th, I said I thought it advisable that he should commission his ambassadors with the Pope to treat; and I combated his remark that he could do but little against the Turk, seeing he was wealthy, and as absolute in his dominions as the Pope. He urged that this affair was chiefly yours, and if you wished to accomplish it you must make peace with the princes of Italy. I assured him you had never ceased from efforts in this direction. The conversation then turned on the duke Francesco Sforza; and I urged, in opposition to his remark, that your proceedings were as favorable to the Duke as could be. He objected to the cession of Pavia and Alexandria, alleging the cruelties which had taken place at Sienna. I told him Pavia was out of dispute, as it was already given up. "Between ourselves," said he, "I think it is a great shame that whilst the Turk is in Austria, the patrimony of the Emperor, he should not rescue it, but make war upon Christians." On my urging the danger that might be expected from Sforza and the Venetians if your troops were withdrawn, he urged that neither could do anything. Shortly after, changing his tone, he said, with some emphasis, "My brother the king of France has made your Emperor a marvellous offer." This he repeated three times. I said, if it were so, he had now done a virtuous part, and kept his professions. After various other topics it grew late. Not a word was said of the Queen. After dinner he asked me if I had anything more to say.
All here are satisfied with the treaty of Cambray. As for the observance of it, the Queen, as I have already written, has expressed her doubt of its duration. It is supposed to have cost this King 800,000 ducats. He is not therefore likely to break it. People here are not very anxious to repeat the dose, as it is not to their taste. At present they seem on good terms with the French. The ambassador has been only once at court with his brother since my arrival. He has been commanded to deliver his message to the Council, and abstain from communication with the Cardinal; at which he was greatly vexed. Various ambassadors are here. The most in favour is the Milanese, on whom the King has spent money. Those who are now in most credit are the dukes of Norfolk (56) and Suffolk (45). There is not a single person about the King who is not saturated with French money; and though they profess great affection to you, their affection for money is much stronger. I have submitted the proposition to the King respecting the sea being kept free from pirates. He has ordered a good reception for Mons. Rosymbez.
The downfall of the Cardinal (56) is complete. He is dismissed from the Council, deprived of the Chancellorship, and constrained to make an inventory of his goods in his own hand, that nothing may be forgotten. It is said that he has acknowledged his faults, and presented all his effects to the King. Yesterday the King returned to Greenwich by water secretly, in order to see them, and found them much greater than he expected. He took with him "sa mye" (his darling—Ann Boleyn (28)), her mother (49), and a gentleman of his chamber (Norris ?) The Cardinal, notwithstanding his troubles, has always shown a good face, especially towards the town, but since St. Luke's Day all has been changed to sighs and tears night and day. The King, either moved by pity, or for fear if he should die the whole extent of his effects would not be found, sent him a ring for his comfort. He has withdrawn with a small attendance to a place ten miles off. They have sent for his son from Paris. People say execrable things of him, all which will be known at this Parliament. But those who have raised the storm will not let it abate, not knowing, if he returned to power, what would become of them. The ambassador of France commiserates him most. It was feared the Cardinal (56) would get his goods out of the country, and therefore a strict watch was kept at the ports, and the watch insisted on opening the coffers of cardinal Campeggio, notwithstanding his passport, and, on his refusal, broke open the locks. He said they had done him great wrong to suppose that he could be corrupted by the Cardinal, since he had been proof against the innumerable presents offered him by the King.
The Chancellor's seal has remained in the hands of the duke of Norfolk (56) till this morning, when it was transferred to Sir Thomas More (51). Every one is delighted at his promotion, because he is an upright and learned man, and a good servant of the Queen. He was chancellor of Lancaster, an office now conferred on the Sieur Villeury (Fitzwilliam). Richard Pace, a faithful servant of your Majesty, whom the Cardinal had kept in prison for two years, as well in the Tower of London as in a monastery (Syon House), is set at liberty. Unless his mind should again become unsettled, it is thought he will rise in higher favour at Court than ever.
There is a young man here, sent by the duke of Saxony, who has much business with the King and the bishop of London (55).
Of the King's affair there is nothing new to communicate, except what the bishop of London (55) has told me, that Dr. Stokesley had been sent to France to consult the doctors of Paris. The Queen begs your Majesty will send some respectable person there to do the same, for without some definitive sentence the King will remain obstinate in his opinions. She thinks that delay will be more dangerous than profitable, and therefore we have thought it desirable not to consent to the postponement demanded. To avoid creating suspicion in the mind of the King, she thinks I had better cease to visit her, but she will provide means for my speaking with her in private. London, 25 Oct. 1529.
P.S.—Two days after I had written the above, the Cardinal (56) was definitively condemned by the Council, declared a rebel, and guilty of high treason for having obtained a legatine bull, whereby he had conferred many benefices in the King's patronage. He has been deprived of his dignities, his goods confiscated, and himself sentenced to prison until the King shall decide. This sentence was not given in his presence, but to his two proctors. This he will not find easy of digestion, but worse remains behind (mais encoures ne serat il quicte pour le prix).

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541 (32). Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (18).

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

On 15 Mar 1530 [his daughter] Katherine Howard Countess Derby -1530 died of plague.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 07 Jun 1530. Add. MS. 28,580, f. 125. B. M. 6437. Mai to Charles V (30).
The Pope has told me more plainly what I wrote to your Majesty that he knew very well, namely, that owing to the death of a lady to whom the duke of Norfolk (57) had married, or intended to marry, his son, they have treated to marry the same son to the princess of Wales; for which reason Boleyn has lost much hope of the marriage of Mrs. Anne (29) with the King; and the King has spent much money in buying goods and lands for the support of the lady. This is thought to be evidence that he begins to give up hope of his suit, because, if he meant to make her queen, she would have no need of these things. Rome, 7 June 1530.

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541 (32). Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (18).

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 14 Jun 1530. Add. MS. 28,580, f. 145. B. M. 6452. Mai to Charles V (30).
Arguments used to the Pope against delay. They say it is the duke of Norfolk's (57) daughter-in-law who is dead, and that Boleyn desires to marry his (the Duke's) son to Mistress Anne (29),—which may be believed as being good for all parties; first, for her, as she cannot marry the King, that she should marry the greatest lord in the realm; and secondly, to the King, as he cannot marry her. This is the third version of the story; I hope the true one at last. Yesterday the auditor of the Chamber and Benet asked brother Felice de Prato to write for the King, and he refused, neither would he show them what he had written on our behalf. Rome, 14 June 1530.
Note. Unclear as to who the Duke of Norfolk's daughter-in-law is since his son [his son] Henry Howard 1516-1547 (14) appears to have only married Frances Vere 1517-1577 (13) who survived until 1577.

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541 (32). Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (18).

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Based on a work of 1546. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

In 1546 Unknown Painter. Italian. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 (30) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. His right , his left .

In 1532 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (59) was appointed Knight of the Order of St Michael.

Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

On 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (31) was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII (41) performing the investiture at Windsor Castle. Note she was created Marquess rather than the female form Marchioness alhough Marchioness if a modern form that possibly didn't exist at the time.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (55), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (48), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (59), Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (37), Jean Dinteville, Edward Lee Archbishop of York 1482-1544 (50), John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 (57) were present.
Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 (49) read the Patent of Creation.
[his daughter] Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (13) carried Anne's (31) train replacing her mother [his wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (35) who had been banished from Court. Anne (31) and Mary (13) were cousins.

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Anne Boleyn's First Appearance as Queen

Calendar of State Papers Spain Volume 4 Part 2 1531 1533. 15 Apr 1533. 1061. Eustace Chapuys to the Emperor (33). See Anne Boleyn's First Appearance as Queen.
On Saturday, the eve of Easter, Lady Anne (32) went to mass in truly Royal state, loaded with diamonds and other precious stones, and dressed in a gorgeous suit of tissue, the train of which was carried by the daughter (14) of the duke of Norfolk (60), betrothed to the duke of Richmond (13). She was followed by numerous damsels, and conducted to and from the church with the same or perhaps greater ceremonies and solemnities than those used with former queens on such occasions. She has now changed her title of marchioness for that of queen, and preachers specially name her so in their church prayers. At which all people here are perfectly astonished, for the whole thing seems a dream, and even those who support her party do not know whether to laugh or cry at it. The King (41) is watching what sort of mien the people put on at this, and solicits his nobles to visit and pay their court to his new queen, whom he purposes to have crowned after Easter in the most solemn manner, and it is said that there will be banqueting and tournaments on the occasion. Indeed some think that Clarence, the king-at-arms who left for France four days ago, is gone for the purpose of inviting knights for the tournament in imitation of the Most Christian King when he celebrated his own nuptials. I cannot say whether the coronation will take place before or after these festivities, but I am told that this King (41) has secretly arranged with the archbishop of Canterbury (43), that in virtue of his office, and without application from anyone he is to summon him before his court as having two wives, upon which, without sending for the Queen (47), he (the Archbishop) will declare that the King (41) can lawfully marry again, as he has done, without waiting for a dispensation, for a sentence from the Pope, or any other declaration whatever.

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541 (32). Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (18).

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (11) or Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile 1479-1555 (18).

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Katherine Aragon Demoted to Princess

Calendar of State Papers Spain Volume 4 Part 2 1531 1533. 15 Apr 1533. 1061. Eustace Chapuys to the Emperor (33)..
On Wednesday the said Duke (60), and the others of whom I wrote to Your Majesty in my last despatch, called upon the Queen (47) and delivered their message, which was in substance as follows: "She was to renounce her title of queen, and allow her case to be decided here, in England. If she did, she would confer a great boon on the kingdom and prevent much effusion of blood, and besides the King (41) would treat her in future much better than she could possibly expect." Perceiving that there was no chance of the Queen's (47) agreeing to such terms, the deputies further told her that they came in the King's name to inform her that resistance was useless (quelle se rompist plus la teste), since his marriage with the other Lady had been effected more than two months ago in the presence of several persons, without any one of them having been summoned for that purpose. Upon which, with much bowing and ceremony, and many excuses for having in obedience to the king's commands fulfilled so disagreeable a duty, the deputies withdrew. After whose departure the lord Mountjoy (55), the Queen's (47) chamberlain, came to notify to her the King's intention that in future she should not be called queen, and that from one month after Easter the King (41) would no longer provide for her personal expenses or the wages of her servants. He intended her to retire to some private house of her own, and there live on the small allowance assigned to her, and which, I am told, will scarcely be sufficient to cover the expenses of her household for the first quarter of next year. The Queen (47) resolutely said that as long as she lived she would entitle herself queen; as to keeping house herself, she cared not to begin that duty so late in life. If the King (41) thought that her expenses were too great, he might, if he chose, take her own personal property and place her wherever he chose, with a confessor, a physician, an apothecary, and two maids for the service of her chamber; if that even seemed too much to ask, and there was nothing left for her and her servants to live upon, she would willingly go about the world begging alms for the love of God.
Though the King (41) is by nature kind and generously inclined, this Anne has so perverted him that he does not seem the same man. It is, therefore, to be feared that unless Your Majesty applies a prompt remedy to this evil, the Lady (32) will not relent in her persecution until she actually finishes with queen Katharine (47), as she did once with cardinal Wolsey, whom she did not hate half as much. The Queen (47), however, is not afraid for herself; what she cares most for is the Princess (17).

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541 (32). Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (18).

Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (11) or Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile 1479-1555 (18).

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

Calendar of State Papers Spain Volume 4 Part 2 1531 1533. 15 Apr 1533. 1061. Eustace Chapuys to the Emperor (33).
On Tuesday the 7th inst., having been informed of the strange and outrageous conduct and proceedings of this king (41) against the Queen (47), whereof I have written to Your Majesty, I went to Court at the hour appointed for the King's audience, that I might there duly remonstrate against the Queen's treatment. I took with me Mr. Hesdin, who by the consent of the queen [of Hungary] is now here to claim the arrears of his pension, in order that he might be present, and hear the remonstrances I had to address the King (41), hoping also that if I had to use threatening language the King (41) might not be so much offended if uttered in the presence of the said Hesdin. On my arrival at Greenwich the earl of Vulchier (56) (Wiltshire) came to meet me, and leading me to the apartments of the duke of Norfolk (60), who had just gone to see the Queen (47), said to me that the King (41) being very much engaged at that hour had deputed him to listen to what I had to say, and report thereupon. My answer was that my communication was of such a nature and so important that I could not possibly make it to anyone but to the King (41) in person. Until now he had never refused me audience, or put me off, and I could not think that he would now break through the custom without my having given him any occasion for it, especially as the King (41) knew that Your Majesty most willingly received the English ambassadors at all hours, whatever might be their errand or business. The Earl (56) repeated his excuses, and seemed at first disinclined to take my answer back to the King (41), until at last, perceiving my firm determination, he went in and came back saying the King (41) would see me immediately, though he still tried to ascertain what my business was, and advised me to put off my communication until after the festivals. It was settled at last that I should see the King (41) on Thursday in Holy Week, on which day having about me a copy of my last despatch [to Your Majesty], I took again the road to Court, accompanied as before by the said Master Hesdin, and was introduced to the Royal presence by the same earl of Wiltshire (56). The King (41) received us graciously enough. After the usual salutations and inquiries about Your Majesty's health, the King (41) asked me what news I had of your movements. I answered that the letters I had received last were rather old, but that I had reason to believe you had already embarked to return to Spain at the beginning of this present month. This statement the King (41) easily believed, and was rejoiced to hear (such is his wish to see you fairly out of Italy). I added that the weather for the last days could not have been more favourable, and therefore that it was to be hoped Your Majesty had reached Spain in safety. Having then asked me whether I had other news to communicate, I told him (41) that your brother, the king of the Romans (30), had made his peace with the Turk, and that the latter had sent an embassy, at which piece of intelligence the King (41) remained for some time in silent astonishment as if he did not know what to answer.

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541 (32). Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (18).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (11) or Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile 1479-1555 (18).

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Around 1550. Hans Bocksberger der Ältere Painter 1510-1561 (40). Portrait of Ferdinand Habsburg Spain I Holy Roman Emperor 1503-1564 (46).

On 28 May 1533 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (60) was appointed Earl Marshal.

Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

On 10 Sep 1533 the future Elizabeth I was christened at the Palace of Placentia.
Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (29), Walter Blount, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (44) and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the covered gilt basin. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (49) escorted the Dowager Duchess of Norfolk. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (16) carried the Salt. [his wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (36) carried the Chrisom. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (56) carried Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 carried a taper of virgin wax.
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (24), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (56), Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (38) and George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 (30) supported the train of the mantle.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (60), [his brother] William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (23) and John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 (68) carried the canopy.

After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

On 28 Nov 1533 Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (14) and [his daughter] Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (14) were married. [his daughter] Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (14) by marriage Duchess of Richmond and Somerset. Another coup for the Howard Family especially in view of Henry Fitzroy being considered by some as a possible heir in view of Anne Boleyn having given birth to a girl.
.

Pilgrimage of Grace

In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII (44). Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48) condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape 1493-1543 (42) was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63), [his son] Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) and Edmund Knyvet 1508-1551 (28) undertook the suppression of the rebels.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Based on a work of 1546. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

In 1546 Unknown Painter. Italian. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 (30) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. His right , his left .

Funeral of Catherine of Aragon and Miscarriage of Anne Bolyen

Calendar of State Papers Spain Volume 4 Part 2 1531 1533. 17 Feb 1536. Eustace Chapuys to the Emperor (35).
.
On that very day the good queen of England's burial took place, which was attended by four bishops and as many abbots, besides the ladies mentioned in my preceding despatches. No other person of rank or name was present except the comptroller of the Royal household. The place where she lies in the cathedral church of Peterborough is a good way from the high altar, and in a less honourable position than that of several bishops buried in the same church. Had she not been a dowager Princess, as they have held her both in life and death, but simply a Lady, they could not have chosen a less distinguished place of rest for her, as the people who understand this sort of thing tell me. Such have been the wonderful display and incredible magnificence which these people gave me to understand would be lavished in honour and memory of one whose great virtues and royal relationship certainly entitled her to uncommon honours!! Perhaps one of these days they will repair their fault, and erect a suitable. Monument or institute some pious foundation to her memory in some suitable spot or other.
.
On the same day that the Queen was buried this King's concubine (35) miscarried of a child, who had the appearance of a nude about three months and a half old, at which miscarriage the King (44) has certainly shown great disappointment and sorrow. The concubine (35) herself has since attempted to throw all the blame on the duke of Norfolk (63), whom she hates, pretending that her mishap was entirely owing to the shock she received when, six days before, he (the Duke) came to announce to her the King's fall from his horse. But the King knows very well that it was not that, for his accident was announced to her in a manner not to create alarm; besides which, when she heard of it, she seemed quite indifferent to it. Upon the whole, the general opinion is that the concubine's miscarriage was entirely owing to defective constitution, and her utter inability to bear male children; whilst others imagine that the fear of the King treating her as he treated his late Queen, which is not unlikely, considering his behaviour towards a damsel of the Court, named Miss Seymour (27), to whom he has latterly made very valuable presents—is the oral cause of it all. The Princess' governess, her daughters, and a niece of hers, have greatly mourned over the concubines miscarriage, never ceasing to interrogate one of the Princess' most familiar maids in waiting on the subject, and asking whether their mistress had been informed of Anne s miscarriage, for if she had, as was most likely, they still would not for the world that she knew the rest of the affair and its causes, thereby intending to say that there was fear of the King's taking another wife.

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541 (32). Portrait of Charles Habsburg Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (18).

Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (11) or Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile 1479-1555 (18).

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII 1536. The Soundaie of Quinquegesima, being the 27th daie of Februarie and Leepe yeare, a.v. 1535, preached at Paules Crosse the Bushoppe of Durhame, named Dr. Dunstall (62), sometime Bishopp of London, and afore that, being Master of the Rolls; and their were present at his sermon the Ardibishopp of Canterberie (46) with eight other bishopps, sitting at the crosse before the preacher; and the Lorde Chauncellor of Englande (48), the Duke of Norfolke (63), the Duke of Suffolke, with six Erles and divers other lordes, stoode behinde the preacher within the pulpitt, and also fower monkes of the Charterhouse of London were brought to the said sermon, which denied the King (44) to be supreame heade of the Church of Englande. And their the said preacher declared the profession of the Bishopp of Rome when he is elected Pope, according to the confirmation of eight universall general counsells, which were con- gregate for the faith of all Christendome; and everie Pope taketh an othe on the articles, promising to observe, keepe, and hould all that the said counsells confirmed, and to dampne all that they dampned; and how he, contrarie to his oth, hath usurped his power and aucthoritie over all Christendome; and also how uncharitably he had handled our Prince, King Henrie the Eight (44), in marying [him to] his brother's wife, contrarie to Godes lawes and also against his owne promise and decrees, which he opened by scriptures and by the cannons of the Appostles; and also how everie Kinge hath the highe power under God, and ought to be the supreame head over all spirituall prelates, which was a goodlie and gracious hearing to all the audience being their present at the same sermon. And in his prayers he said, after this manner, ye shall pray for the universall church of all Christendome, and especiall for the prosperous estate of our Soveraigne' and Emperour King Henrie the Eight, being the onelie supreame head of this realme of Englande; and he declared also in his said sermon how that the Cardinalls of Rome bee but curattes and decons of the cittie and province of Bome, and how that everie curate of any parrish have as much power as they have, according to scripture, save onelie that the Pope of Bome hath made them so high aucthorities onelie for to ezhalt his name and power in Christen realmes for covetousnes, as by his owne decrees he evidentlie their approved..

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Arrest and Imprisonment of Anne Boleyn and her Co accused

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII 1536. And the secondo dale of Maie, Mr. Noris and my Lorde of Rochforde (33) were brought to the Towre of London as prisonners; Queen Anne (35) and the same dale, about five of the clocke at night, Anne Bolleine was brought to the Towre of London by my Lord Chauncelor (48), the Duke of Norfolke (63), Mr. Secretarie (51), and Sir William Kingston (60), Constable of the Tower; and when she came to the court gate, entring in, she fell downe on her knees before the said lordes, beseeching God to helpe her as she was not giltie of her aocusement, and also desired the said lordes to beseech the Kinges grace to be good unto her, and so they left her their prisoner. See Arrest and Imprisonment of Anne Boleyn and her Co accused.

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540.

Trial of Anne Boleyn and her brother George

On 15 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn (35) tried at the King's Hall in the Tower of London.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63) was appointed Lord High Steward and presided. [his son] Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) attended. Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (44) was one of the judges. Elizabeth Browne Countess Worcester 1502-1565 (34) was the principal witness.
The jurors were:.
Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52).
Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 (24).
Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 (21).
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (49).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (44).
John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (56).
Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38).
Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal 10th Baron Morley 1481-1556 (55).
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (27).
Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 (28).
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65).
Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth 1501-1551 (35).
Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 (40).
Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527.
Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (48).
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538.
William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (60).
Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (24).
Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48).
Edward PowersLord Powers.
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (66).
Thomas Ware.
Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (69).
George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (39).
She was found guilty and sentenced to be beheaded. John Spelman Judge 1480-1546 (56) signed the death warrant.
.
After Anne's trial her brother George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 (33) was also tried and found guilty.

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Based on a work of 1546. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

In 1546 Unknown Painter. Italian. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 (30) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. His right , his left .

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 (53).

In 1583 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 (71) wearing his Garter Collar.

Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574 (36). Portrait of Mary Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1524-1576 (32) with an inset portrait of husband Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541.

In 1550 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574 (30). Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (37) with the motto Invidia Torquet Autorem meaning Let envy torment its author.

Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Anglo-Netherlandish. Portrait of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (52).

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII 1536. 15 May 1536. After this, immediatliei the Lord of Rocheforde (33), her brother, was arreigned for treason, which was for knowinge the Queene, his sister, carnallie, moste detestable against the la we of God and nature allso, and treason to his Prince, and allso for conspiracie of the Kinges death: Whereunto he made aunswere so prudentlie and wiselie to all articles layde against him, that manreil it was to heare, and never would confesse anye thinge, but made himselfe as cleare as though he had never offended. Howbeit he was there condemned by 26 lordes and barons of treason, and then my Lord of Northfolke (63) gave him this judgment: That he should goo agayne to prison in the Tower from whence he came, and to be drawne from the saide Towre of London thorowe the Cittie of London to the place of execution called Tybume, and there to be hanged, beinge alyve cutt downe, and then his members cutt of and his bowells taken owt of his bodie and brent before him, and then his head cutt of and his bodie to be divided in 4 peeces, and his head and bodie to be sett at suche places as the King should assigne; and after this the court brake up for that tyme. The Major of London with certeyne Aldermen were present at this arreignment of the Queene and her brother, with the wardeins and 4 persons more of 12 of the principall craftes of London. See Trial of Anne Boleyn and her Co-Accused.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII 1536. 15 May 1536. And first the Kinges commission was redd, and then the Constable of the Tower (60) and the Lieutenant (56) brought forthe the Queene (35) to the barre, where was made a chaire for her to sitt downe in, and then her indictment was redd afore her, whereunto she made so wise and discreet aunsweres to all thinges layde against her, excusinge herselfe with her wordes so clearlie, as thoughe she had never bene faultie to the same, and at length putt her to the triall of the Peeres of the Realme, and then were 26 of the greatest peeres there present chosen to passe on her, the Duke of Suffolke beinge highest, and, after thei had communed together, the yongest lorde of the saide inquest was called first to give verdict, who sayde guiltie, and so everie lorde and earle after their degrees sayde guiltie to the last and so condemned her. And then the Duke of Northfolke (63) gave this sentence on her, sayinge : Because thou haste offended our Sovereigne the Kinges grace, in committinge treason against his person, and here attaynted of the same,' the lawe of the realme is this, that thou haste deserved death, and thy judgment is this: That thow shalt be brent here within the Tower of London on the Greene, els to have thy head smitten of as the Kinges pleasure shal be further knowne of the same; and so she was brought to warde agayne, and two ladies wayted on her, which came in with her at the first, and wayted still on her, whose names were the Ladie Kingstone (60) and the Ladie Boleyn (56), her aunte. See Trial of Anne Boleyn and her Co-Accused.

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII 1536. Item, on Munday, the 15th of May, 1536, there was arreigned within the Tower of London Queene Anne (35), for treason againste the Kinges owne person, and there was a great scaffold made in the Kinges Hall within the Tower of London, and there were made benches and seates for the lordes, my Lord of Northfolke (63) sittinge under the clothe of estate, representinge there the Kinges person as Highe Steward of Englande and uncle to the Queene, he holdinge a longe white staffe in his hande, and the Earle of Surrey (20) his sonne and heire, sittinge at his feete before him holdinge the golden staffe for the Earle Marshall of Englande, which sayde office the saide duke had in his handes ; the Lord Awdley Chauncellour of England (48), sittinge on his right hande, and the Duke of Suffolke on his lefl hande, with other marqueses, earles, and lordes, everie one after their degrees. See Trial of Anne Boleyn and her Co-Accused.

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Based on a work of 1546. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

In 1546 Unknown Painter. Italian. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 (30) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. His right , his left .

1536 Neville Triple Wedding

On 02 Jul 1536 three weddings between the Neville, and Manners and Vere families, were celebrated at one mass at Holywell Shoreditch Hackney. Those present included Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52), Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (19), Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65) and Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38).
Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (11) and Anne Manners 1527-1549 (9) were married,.
Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland 1526-1563 (9) and Margaret Neville -1559 were married, and.
John Vere 16th Earl Oxford 1516-1562 (20) and Dorothy Neville -1546 were married.

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Bigod's Rebellion

On 17 Jan 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Templehurst 1467-1537 (70) wrote to Robert Aske and Robert Constable 1478-1537 (59) ... Of Sir Fras Bigod I heard, this day at dinner, as you wrote; and more, that Hallum was taken at Hull yesterday with a letter in his purse from Sir Francis Bigod promising that he and all the West Base Countries would rise and come forward. This day with my servant, Alan Gefreyson, I sent you my news which are of such bruits, rages, and furies as the like I have not read nor heard of. I sent to my cousin Ellerker and Whartton for the premises concerning Hull. My advice is that you stay the people till the coming of my lord of Norfolk (64), which, I hear, shall be shortly, and all the gentlemen that is above of the North with him. He brings gracious answers of the Parliament and petitions. Good Mr. Aske, where you write desiring me to stay my quarters; there has yet been no stir in my rooms and lands, but what was caused by other wild countries and dales. I shall do my duty, and play my part therein, though I lie in my bed. I hear my lord of Cumberland is likely to have business for two prisoners he keeps.

On 06 Jul 1537 Robert Constable 1478-1537 (59) was hanged in chains from the Beverley Gate in Kingston upon Hull witnessed by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk (64).

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64) and Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (52), Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (44), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (57) attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (33) to carry the child. !Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. !Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford 2C 1537, 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester 9C 1537.
Nicholas Carew (41), Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547 (27), Edward Neville 1471-1538 (66), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (29), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.

Around 1547 Master John PainterWorkshop. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9).

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540.

Funeral of Jane Seymour

On 12 Nov 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 was buried in the Henry VIII Vault in St George's Chapel in Windsor.
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) was Chief Mourner.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (60), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53), John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (58), Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (20), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64), Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (45), Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (39), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 attended.
John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (57) carried the banner.

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

On 03 Apr 1538 [his sister] Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 (58) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Lambeth Palace.

On 16 May 1539 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (66) proposed the Six Articles.

On 29 Jun 1539 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (66) attended dinner with Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48), Cromwell (54) and others as guests of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (49).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540.

On 10 Jun 1540 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (67) attended Meeting of the Privy Council where he removed Cromwell's (55) St George.

Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540.

On 29 Jan 1541 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (68) was appointed Lieutenant General North of the Trent.

1541 Executions

On 20 Jun 1541 Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 (26) was tried for the murder of John Busbrig, servant of Nicholas Pelham 1517-1560 (24) on whose land they were poaching on 30 Apr 1541. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (68) was appointed Lord High Steward.

Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574 (36). Portrait of Mary Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1524-1576 (32) with an inset portrait of husband Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 16 1540 1541. 02 Jul 1541. 954. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary..
Almost immediately after Chapuys's return the King (50) gave the people of Dunkirk permission to buy here a quantity of wood for their own use for curing herrings, and he has frequently reminded Chapuys of the favor, saying he was surprised that the town had not sent a deputation to say how much wood they required. The deputation has arrived, and now, after being kept 13 days without an answer, they have been told that it is mere loss of time to solicit such things till the Queen has promised to release the harness, copper, and war ammunition purchased by the King some time ago at Antwerp.
On St. Peter's eve lord Leonard, uncle of the Marquis of Osceter (24) (Dorset) and of the Chancellor's (53) wife, was beheaded in front of the Tower. Hears he was accused of letting his nephew (16), the young earl of Kildare, escape to France and thence to Liege.
That afternoon two gentlemen were hung, one of whom had an income of over 12,000 ducats a year, and was the handsomest and best bred man in England, only 25 years old and married to a niece of the Duke of Norfolk (68). He was sentenced for having belonged to a set of eight rakish youths, one of whom had killed a poor old man in an unpremeditated fray. For the same cause lord Dacres also, son1 of the Duke of Norfolk's (68) sister, and cousin of this Queen (18), 23 years old and possessing a property of about 5,000 ducats a year, was hung from the most ignominious gibbet, and for greater shame dragged through the streets to the place of execution, to the great pity of many people, and even of his very judges, who wept when they sentenced him, and in a body asked his pardon of the King. But the thing which astonished people most was, that, the same day lord Dacres was hung, another young man (28), son of the Treasurer of the Royal household (56), who was one of those present at the old man's death, was freely pardoned, though he had been already tried for some like misdemeanour.
At the same time in the North, Sir John Neville and about 60 more, among whom at least 25 were ecclesiastics, were executed for the conspiracy of which Chapuys wrote some time ago. Has just heard of the arrival of a Polish gentleman with eight or ten servants. Will endeavour to discover who he is and what he comes for. London, 2 July 1541. Original at Vienna.
Note 1. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541, Lord Dacre, was the grandson of Anne Bourchier Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1470-1530 who was the maternal half-sister of Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (68); Anne and Thomas' mother was Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497..

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1556 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574 (36). Portrait of Mary Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1524-1576 (32) with an inset portrait of husband Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541.

On 12 Dec 1546 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (73) was imprisoned at Tower of London.

In 1553 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) was appointed Privy Council.

In 1553 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) was knighted by Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (36).

Arrival of Queen Mary I in London

On 03 Aug 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:.
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate, which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (19), and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (56), and after her the Marchioness of Exeter (49) and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:.
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (80), who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (80) was put to death by King Henry the ; Edward Courtenay (26), son of the Marquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (70), deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset (56). They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (26) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (70) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Trial and Execution of Lady Jane Grey's Supporters

On 18 Aug 1553 John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (49) and John Dudley 2nd Earl Warwick 1527-1554 (26) were tried at Westminster Hall.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) presided at the trial.

Coronation of Mary I

On 01 Oct 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) was crowned I Queen of England and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) carried the Sword of State.
John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (73) bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (45) attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy 1533-1582 (20) and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal 11th Baron Morley 1533-1577 (20) were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings 1515- and John Leigh 1502-1564 (51) were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) and Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (28) attended.
Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (38) took part in the procession.

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (42). Portrait of Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (23).

On 25 Aug 1554 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (81) died at Kenninghall. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham. His grandson Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (18) succeeded 4th Duke Norfolk 3C 1483, 3rd Earl Surrey 3C 1483.

In Nov 1558 [his former wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (61) died.

Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 and [his daughter] Katherine Howard Countess Derby -1530 were married without the King's permission.

[his daughter] Katherine Howard Countess Derby -1530 was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 and [his former wife] Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Descendants Family Trees:

Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473 1554

Ancestry

Father: Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524

GrandFather: John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485

Great GrandFather: Robert Howard 1385-1437

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Howard 1366-1437

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Howard 1331-1389