History of Chancel Westminster Abbey

Chancel Westminster Abbey is in Westminster Abbey.

Sanctuary Westminster Abbey, Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

Before Jul 1460 Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales 1397-1460 and Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 were commissioned to hold London for the Lancastrians. In Jul 1460 they retreated to the Tower of London eventually surrendering on 02 Jul 1460 for lack of food. He was sent to Sanctuary Westminster Abbey.

On 25 Jul 1460 Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales 1397-1460 (63) was murdered by boatmen whilst travelling from the Tower of London to Sanctuary Westminster Abbey. Elizabeth Scales Countess Rivers -1473 succeeded 8th Baron Scales.

Before 03 Feb 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 8th Baron Welles -1470 attacked Gainsborough Old Hall home of Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496, a senior Yorkist, Edward IV's Master of the Horse. It isn't known whether this attack was a consequence of local or national issues. King Edward IV summoned Robert's father Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 and uncle-in-law Thomas Dymoke 1428-1470 (married to Margaret Welles 1432-1480 sister of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 8th Baron Welles -1470) to London. Both initially went into Sanctuary Westminster Abbey but were pardoned on 03 Mar 1470.

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV (28) and Elizabeth Woodville (33) in Sanctuary Westminster Abbey. His father was abroad in Flanders. His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494.

1876. John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896.

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary Westminster Abbey with Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- (9) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28). Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop of Salisbury 1447-1484 (36) was with her.

1876. John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed Edward IV's (41) youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- (9) from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

In Mar 1484 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) attempted to persuade Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (47) to leave Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey by promising to secure suitable marriages for her daughters.

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More. But as soon as the tidings of this matter came hastily to the Queen, a little before the midnight following, and that in the sorest way, that the King her son was taken; her brother, her son, and her other friends arrested, and sent to no man knew where, to be done with God knows what. With such tidings, the Queen, in great fright and heaviness, bewailing her child's ruin, her friends' mischance, and her own misfortune, damning the time that ever she spoke in opposition to the gathering of power about the King, got herself in all haste possible, with her younger son and her daughters, out of the Palace of Westminster in which she then lay, and into the Sanctuary, lodging herself and her company there in the Abbot's place.

Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 17 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile (49) was buried at the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor.

On 15 Aug 1369 Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (55) died at Windsor Castle. She was given a state funeral six months later on 09 Jan 1370 at which she was interred at on the northeast side of the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor at Westminster Abbey. Her alabaster effigy was executed by sculptor Jean de Li├Ęge.

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace. He was buried in the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor. King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England.

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (28) was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (41) presiding. King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (48), brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1375-1400 (18), arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.

Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 03 May 1257 Katherine Plantagenet 1253-1257 (3) died at Swallowfield. She was buried in the Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey.

North Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

Chapel of Abbot Islip, North Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

In 1715 William Pulteney -1715 died. He was buried in the Chapel of Abbot Islip with. Monument by Joseph Wilton Sculptor 1722-1822.

Chapel of St Erasmus of Formiae, North Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 19 Nov 1481 Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (8) died at Greenwich. She was buried at Chapel of St Erasmus of Formiae. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (56) succeeded 12th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 13th Baron Segrave 2C 1295. Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray Baroness Segrave 1436-1494 (45) by marriage Baroness Mowbray, Baron Segrave 2C 1295.

Chapel of St John the Baptist, North Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

In Oct 1420 William de Colchester Abbot of Westminster -1420 died. He was buried in the Chapel of St John the Baptist.

On 03 Mar 1551 Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth 1501-1551 (50) died. He was buried at Chapel of St John the Baptist. Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth 1525-1584 (26) succeeded 2nd Baron Wentworth.

Around 1550 John 1568. Formerly attributed to Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth 1525-1584.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1551. 07 Mar 1551. The vij day of Marche was bered my lord Wentworth (50), the lord Chamburlayn of the kynges howse, in Westminster abbay, in the sam chapell that the old abbatt was be [red; there] was iiij of the cheyffe harolds ther, M. Garter, M. Clar [enceux,] M. Yorke, M. Chester, beyryng the cote armur, the elmett, t[arget], then cam the standard, and then mornars alle in blake ... and a C. chylderyn and prestes and clarkes in ther surpl[ices; then] the cors with iiij baners rolles, and the qwyre was hangyd [with black] and the raylles and armes. Mylles Coverdalle (63) dyd pryche, and ther [was a grett] dolle, and a grett compeny of lordes and knyghtes and genty[lmen] morners.

On 03 May 1568 Edward Rogers Comptroller 1498-1568 (70) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St John the Baptist.

On 08 Feb 1623 Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (80) died. He was buried at Chapel of St John the Baptist. William Cecil 2nd Earl Exeter 1566-1640 (57) succeeded 2nd Earl Exeter, 3rd Baron Burghley. Elizabeth Drury Countess Exeter 1578-1658 (45) by marriage Countess Exeter.

Before 1623. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623. Around 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Elizabeth Drury Countess Exeter 1578-1658.

Before 26 Oct 1685 Colonel Thomas Panton -1685 died. On 26 Oct 1685 he was buried in Chapel of St John the Baptist.

Before 15 Apr 1725 Dorothy Stacy -1725 died. On 15 Apr 1725 she was buried in Chapel of St John the Baptist.

Chapel of St Paul, North Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 09 Mar 1589 Frances Sidney Countess Sussex 1531-1589 (58) died. On 15 Apr 1589 she was buried in Chapel of St Paul.

Around 1572 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Frances Sidney Countess Sussex 1531-1589.

On 17 May 1808 John Delaval 1st Baron Delaval 1728-1808 (80) died without surviving male issue. Baron Delaval of Redford in County Wicklow and Baron Delaval of Seaton Delaval in Northumberland extinct. He was buried at Chapel of St Paul.

In 1751. Arthur Pond Painter 1705-1758. Portrait of Rhoda Delaval 1725-1757 and her siblings Francis Blake Delaval 1727-1771, Edward Hussey Delaval 1729-1814, John Delaval 1st Baron Delaval 1728-1808, Anne Hussey Delaval 1743- and Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough 1742-1821.

South Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

Chapel of St Nicholas, South Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 17 Jul 1431 Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York 1367-1431 (64) died at Carisbrooke Castle. She was buried at Chapel of St Nicholas. Richard Strange 3rd Baron Mohun Dunster 7th Baron Strange Knockin 1381-1449 (49) succeeded 3rd Baron Mohun Dunster as a result of her death bring the title out of abeyance.

On 05 Jun 1588 Anne Cecil Countess Oxford 1556-1588 (31) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas. She shares a monument with her mother Mildred Cooke Baroness Burghley 1526-1589 (62). The monument rises to twenty-four feet, and is constructed of various coloured marbles, after a design of the Corinthian order. The Latin inscriptions, which are very long, were written by Lord Burleigh (67) himself, and set forth the varied accomplishments and the virtues of the two ladies who are represented in effigy in the lower part of the monument. The figure of Lord Burleigh (67), in his robes, and in a kneeling attitude, appears in the upper part of the monument.

After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

On 04 Apr 1589 Mildred Cooke Baroness Burghley 1526-1589 (63) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas.

On 04 Jan 1606 George Villiers of Brokesby 1544-1606 (62) died. He was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas.

Before 19 Nov 1618 Elizabeth Spencer 1589-1618 died. She was buried at Chapel of St Nicholas.

On 19 Apr 1632 Mary Beaumont 1st Countess Buckingham 1570-1632 (62) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas with her husband. Their monument comprises an altar-tomb surmounted with effigies.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 23 February 1669. 23 Feb 1669. Up: and to the Office, where all the morning, and then home, and put a mouthfull of victuals in my mouth; and by a Hackney-coach followed my wife and the girls, who are gone by eleven o'clock, thinking to have seen a new play at the Duke of York's (35) house. But I do find them staying at my tailor's, the play not being to-day, and therefore I now took them to Westminster Abbey, and there did show them all the tombs very finely, having one with us alone, there being other company this day to see the tombs, it being Shrove Tuesday; and here we did see, by particular favour, the body of Queen Katherine of Valois; and I had the upper part of her body in my hands, and I did kiss her mouth, reflecting upon it that I did kiss a Queen1, and that this was my birth-day, thirty-six years old, that I did first kiss a Queen. But here this man, who seems to understand well, tells me that the saying is not true that says she was never buried, for she was buried; only, when Henry the Seventh built his chapel, it was taken up and laid in this wooden coffin; but I did there see that, in it, the body was buried in a leaden one, which remains under the body to this day.

Note 1. Pepys's attachment to the fair sex extended even to a dead Queen. The record of this royal salute on his natal day is very characteristic. The story told him in Westminster Abbey appears to have been correct; for Neale informs us ("History of Westminster Abbey", vol. ii., p. 88) that near the south side of Henry V.'s tomb there was formerly a wooden chest, or coffin, wherein part of the skeleton and parched body of Katherine de Valois, his Queen (from the waist upwards), was to be seen. She was interred in January, 1457, in the Chapel of Our Lady, at the east end of this church; but when that building was pulled down by her grandson, Henry VII, her coffin was found to be decayed, and her body was taken up, and placed in a chest, near her first husband's tomb. "There", says Dart, "it hath ever since continued to be seen, the bones being firmly united, and thinly clothed with flesh, like scrapings of tanned leather". This awful spectacle of frail mortality was at length removed from the public gaze into St. Nicholas's Chapel, and finally deposited under the monument of Sir George Villiers, when the vault was made for the remains of Elizabeth Percy, Duchess of Northumberland, in December, 1776. B.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II.

On 20 May 1713 Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (78) died of apoplexy at the Bishop's Palace Bromley. He was buried in the south side of the Chapel of St Nicholas.

Chapel of St Edmund, South Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

The Chapel of St. Edmund forms an hexagonal projection upon the passage leading from Palace Yard to Poets' Corner. It is dedicated to Archbishop Edmund Rich 1174-1240 (65) who died on 16 Nov 1240 and on which date his anniversary was celebrated. An ancient wooden screen separates this chapel from the aisle.

On 18 May 1296 William de Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 died or was killed at Bayonne. He was buried at the west side of the door to Chapel of St Edmund where there is an altar-tomb of stone, surmounted by a broken sarcophagus, on which is a recumbent effigy of the earl. The figure is of wood, and was originally covered with copper-gilt, as was the chest on which it lies. An indulgence of one hundred days was granted to all devout people who should offer up prayers for his soul.

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (21) succeeded 2nd Earl Pembroke 3C 1247.

On 30 Sep 1336 John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (20) died at Perth. He was buried at the east side of the doorway to the Chapel of St Edmund. His monument comprises a head of the statue encircled by a coronet of large and small leaves, remarkable for being the earliest specimen of the kind. The details of plate-armour, surcoat, gorget, coroneted helmet, with other accessories, give great antiquarian interest to this work. It was formerly surmounted by a canopy, of which, however, no traces are now visible.

In 1342 Blanche of the Tower 1342-1342 was born to King Edward III England (29) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (27) at the Tower of London. In 1342 she died. She was buried at the east side of the door to the Chapel of St Edmund.

In 1348 William of Windsor 1348-1348 was born to King Edward III England (35) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (33). In 1348 he died. He was buried at the east side of the door to the Chapel of St Edmund.

On 20 Sep 1395 Bernard Brocas 1330-1395 (65) died. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund in Westminster Abbey.

On 29 Dec 1397 Archibishop Robert Waldby -1397 died. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund.

On 03 Oct 1399 Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle and Gloucester 1366-1399 (33) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund. She has a monumental brass, representing the deceased in her conventual dress, as a nun of Barking Abbey.

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was tried, and condemned to death, by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (18) at Tower of London for his role in the Epiphany Rising having been captured in Cirencester.

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was beheaded at Tyburn. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund.

After 14 Apr 1471 Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 was buried at Chapel of St Edmund.

After 14 Apr 1471 Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund.

On 20 Nov 1559 Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk 1517-1559 (42) died at Richmond. She was buried at Chapel of St Edmund.

On 05 Dec 1559 Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk 1517-1559 (42) was buried in St Edmund's Chapel in Westminster Abbey at a ceremony conducted by Bishop John Jewel 1522-1571 (37). Her daughter Catherine Grey Countess Hertford 1540-1568 (19) was Chief Mourner. Mary Grey 1545-1578 (14) was present. Her effigy was paid for by Adrian Stokes Master of the Horse 1519-1586 (40): recumbent effigy is dressed in the Ermine robes signifying she was a duchess with a pendant around her neck possibly designed by Cornelius Cure.

Diary of Henry Machyn March 1561. 26 Mar 1561. The sam day of Marche at after-none at Westmynster [was brought] from the quen('s) armere [almondry] my lade Jane Semer (20), with [all the quire] of the abbay, with ijC. of (the) quen('s) cowrt, the wyche she was [one] of the quen('s) mayd(s) and in grett faver, and a iiijxx morners of [men and] women, of lordes and lades, and gentylmen and gentyllwomen, all in blake, be-syd odur [other] of the quen('s) preve chambur, and she [had] a grett baner of armes bornne, and master Clarenshux (51) was the harold, and master Skameler (41) the nuw byshope of Peterborow dyd pryche. [She was] bered in the sam chapell wher my lade of Suffoke (43) was.

In Apr 1570 Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (46) was buried at Chapel of St Edmund.

Around 1562 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of (probably) Catherine Carey 1524-1569.

In 1622 Francis Holles 1604-1622 (18) died. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund.

On 20 Dec 1661 Bishop Nicholas Monck 1610-1661 (51) was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund.

On 28 May 1672 Freschville Holles 1642-1672 (29) died at the 1672 Battle of Solebay at which he was in command of the Cambridge. He was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund in an unmarked grave.

Around 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Freschville Holles 1642-1672 and Admiral Robert Holmes 1622-1692.

On 09 Dec 1678 Edward Herbert 3rd Baron Herbert Chirbury 1633-1678 (45) died. He was buried at Chapel of St Edmund. Henry Herbert 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury 1640-1691 (38) succeeded 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury 1C 1629. Catherine Newport Baroness Herbert Chirbury by marriage Baroness Herbert Chirbury.

Around 1675 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of Edward Herbert 3rd Baron Herbert Chirbury 1633-1678. Powis Castle. Around 1680 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Henry Herbert 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury 1640-1691. Before 1681 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of Henry Herbert 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury 1640-1691. Powis Castle.

On 13 Jan 1694 Mary Stafford Countess Stafford 1620-1694 (74) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund.

After 1762 John Paul Stafford-Howard 4th Earl Stafford 1700-1762 was buried at the east side of the door to the Chapel of St Edmund. He has for a monument a slab of stained marble on which there is an inscription: "In this chapel lies interred all that was mortal of the most illustrious and most benevolent John Paul Howard, Earl of Stafford, who, in 1738, married Elizabeth, daughter of A. Ewens, of the county of Somerset, Esq. His heart was as truly great and noble as his high descent; faithful to his God; a lover of his country; a relation to relations; a detester of detraction; a friend to mankind. Naturally generous and compassionate, his liberality and his charity to the poor were without bounds. Being snatched away suddenly by death, which he had long meditated and expected with constancy, he went to a better life the 1st of April, 1762, having lived sixtyone years, nine months, and six days."

Chapel of St Benedict, South Ambulatory, Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey, Westminster Abbey Area

On 15 Jul 1561 William Bill Almoner 1505-1561 (56) died. He was buried in the Chapel of St Benedict.

Diary of Henry Machyn July 1561. 20 Jul 1561. The xx day of July was bered in Westmynster abbay master Bylle (56) dene of Westmynster abbay and master of Etton and master (of sant John's) college in Cambryge, and cheyffe amner [almoner] to the quen('s) (27) grace.

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.