History of Essex

1001 First Battle of Alton

1397 Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel

1648 Siege of Colchester

1665 Great Plague of London

1666 Four Days' Battle

1671 Woodcock and Flatfoot Race at Newmarket

Essex is in Home Counties.

Aldham, Essex

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

Barking

Belchamp St Paul, Essex

Around 1526 Margery Golding Countess Oxford 1526-1568 was born in Belchamp St Paul.

On 01 Aug 1548 John Vere 16th Earl Oxford 1516-1562 (32) and Margery Golding Countess Oxford 1526-1568 (22) were married at Belchamp St Paul. She by marriage Countess Oxford.

Blackmore, Essex

The River Wid rises near Blackmore from where it flows past Swallows Cross, Mountnessing, Ingatestone, Margetting, Killigrews, Widford, to which it gives it name, to Writtle where it joins the River Can.

Ingatestone Blackmore, Essex

St Edmund and St Mary's Church Ingatestone Blackmore, Essex

On 11 Oct 1613 John Petre 1st Baron Petre 1549-1613 (63) died at West Horndon and was buried in St Edmund and St Mary's Church Ingatestone Blackmore. His son William Petre 2nd Baron Petre 1575-1637 (38) succeeded 2nd Baron Petre.

Ingatestone Hall Ingatestone Blackmore, Essex

On 02 Jul 1742 Robert Petre 8th Baron Petre 1713-1742 (29) died of smallpox at Ingatestone Hall Ingatestone Blackmore. His son Robert Edward Petre 9th Baron Petre 1742-1801 succeeded 9th Baron Petre.

Augustinian Priory of St Lawrence Ingatestone Blackmore, Essex

On 15 Jun 1519 Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 was born illegitimately to Henry VIII (27) and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton and Tailboys 1498-1540 (21) at Augustinian Priory of St Lawrence Ingatestone Blackmore.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Blackwall

Bocking, Essex

In May 1577 Archdeacon John Mullins -1591 was collated to the rectory of Bocking. In Oct 1583 he was made Dean of Bocking along with Bishop John Still 1543-1608 (43).

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Boreham, Essex

On 14 Dec 1593 Henry Radclyffe 4th Earl of Sussex 1532-1593 (61) died. He was buried at Boreham. His son Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 (20) succeeded 5th Earl of Sussex, 14th Baron Fitzwalter.

Around 1580 based on a work of 1565.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 wearing his Garter Collar and holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

The Great Road leaves Chelmsford along Sprinfield Road through Boreham, Hatfield Peverel, Witham, Kelvedon aka Canonium, Marks Tey where it was joined by Stane Street to Chichester before reaching Colchester aka Camulodunum.

Borley, Essex

On 18 Oct 1599 Frances Neville 1519-1599 (80) died at Borley.

Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex

In 1241 Roger Acquigny 1180-1241 (61) died at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Before 1284 Florence Acquigny 1222-1283 died at Bradwell-on-Sea.

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Essex

In 1276 Thomas Dagworth 1st Baron Dagworth 1276-1352 was born at Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall.

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Braintree Essex

On 30 Jan 1846 Katherine Wood 1846-1921 was born to Rev John Page-Wood 2nd Baronet 1796-1866 (50) at Braintree Essex.

Around 1815 Arthur William Devis Painter 1762-1822. Portrait of Rev John Page-Wood 2nd Baronet 1796-1866.

Stane Street to Colchester is a Roman Road between Braughing and Colchester. It travelled through Little Hadham, Bishop's Stortford, Takeley, Great Dunmow, Braintree Essex, Coggeshall and Marks Tey.

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

The River Brain rises near Great Bardfield where it is known as Pods Brook. From there it flows past Shalford Green through Braintree Essex, past White Notley and Witham after which it joins the River Pant aka Blackwater.

Stisted, Braintree Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Brentwood, Essex

Around 1455 Richard Fitzlewis 1455-1529 was born at Brentwood.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 December 1658. 23 Dec 1658. I went with my wife (23) to keep Christmas at my cousin, George Tuke's, at Cressing Temple, in Essex. Lay that night at Brentwood.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 03 August 1665. 03 Aug 1665. Up, and betimes to Deptford to Sir G. Carteret's (55), where, not liking the horse that had been hired by Mr. Uthwayt for me, I did desire Sir G. Carteret (55) to let me ride his new £40 horse, which he did, and so I left my 'hacquenee'1 behind, and so after staying a good while in their bedchamber while they were dressing themselves, discoursing merrily, I parted and to the ferry, where I was forced to stay a great while before I could get my horse brought over, and then mounted and rode very finely to Dagenhams; all the way people, citizens, walking to and again to enquire how the plague is in the City this week by the Bill; which by chance, at Greenwich, I had heard was 2,020 of the plague, and 3,000 and odd of all diseases; but methought it was a sad question to be so often asked me.

Coming to Dagenhams, I there met our company coming out of the house, having staid as long as they could for me; so I let them go a little before, and went and took leave of my Lady Sandwich (40), good woman, who seems very sensible of my service in this late business, and having her directions in some things, among others, to get Sir G. Carteret (55) and my Lord to settle the portion, and what Sir G. Carteret (55) is to settle, into land, soon as may be, she not liking that it should lie long undone, for fear of death on either side.

So took leave of her, and then down to the buttery, and eat a piece of cold venison pie, and drank and took some bread and cheese in my hand; and so mounted after them, Mr. Marr very kindly staying to lead me the way.

By and by met my Lord Crew (67) returning, after having accompanied them a little way, and so after them, Mr. Marr telling me by the way how a mayde servant of Mr. John Wright's (who lives thereabouts) falling sick of the plague, she was removed to an out-house, and a nurse appointed to look to her; who, being once absent, the mayde got out of the house at the window, and run away. The nurse coming and knocking, and having no answer, believed she was dead, and went and told Mr. Wright so; who and his lady were in great strait what to do to get her buried. At last resolved to go to Burntwood hard by, being in the parish, and there get people to do it. But they would not; so he went home full of trouble, and in the way met the wench walking over the common, which frighted him worse than before; and was forced to send people to take her, which he did; and they got one of the pest coaches and put her into it to carry her to a pest house. And passing in a narrow lane, Sir Anthony Browne, with his brother and some friends in the coach, met this coach with the curtains drawn close. The brother being a young man, and believing there might be some lady in it that would not be seen, and the way being narrow, he thrust his head out of his own into her coach, and to look, and there saw somebody look very ill, and in a sick dress, and stunk mightily; which the coachman also cried out upon. And presently they come up to some people that stood looking after it, and told our gallants that it was a mayde of Mr. Wright's carried away sick of the plague; which put the young gentleman into a fright had almost cost him his life, but is now well again. I, overtaking our young people, 'light, and into the coach to them, where mighty merry all the way; and anon come to the Blockehouse, over against Gravesend, where we staid a great while, in a little drinking-house.

Sent back our coaches to Dagenhams. I, by and by, by boat to Gravesend, where no newes of Sir G. Carteret (55) come yet; so back again, and fetched them all over, but the two saddle-horses that were to go with us, which could not be brought over in the horseboat, the wind and tide being against us, without towing; so we had some difference with some watermen, who would not tow them over under 20s., whereupon I swore to send one of them to sea and will do it. Anon some others come to me and did it for 10s.

By and by comes Sir G. Carteret (55), and so we set out for Chatham: in my way overtaking some company, wherein was a lady, very pretty, riding singly, her husband in company with her. We fell into talke, and I read a copy of verses which her husband showed me, and he discommended, but the lady commended: and I read them, so as to make the husband turn to commend them.

By and by he and I fell into acquaintance, having known me formerly at the Exchequer. His name is Nokes, over against Bow Church. He was servant to Alderman Dashwood. We promised to meet, if ever we come both to London again; and, at parting, I had a fair salute on horseback, in Rochester streets, of the lady, and so parted.

Come to Chatham mighty merry, and anon to supper, it being near 9 o'clock ere we come thither. My Baroness Carteret (63) come thither in a coach, by herself, before us. Great mind they have to buy a little 'hacquenee' that I rode on from Greenwich, for a woman's horse. Mighty merry, and after supper, all being withdrawn, Sir G. Carteret (55) did take an opportunity to speak with much value and kindness to me, which is of great joy to me. So anon to bed. Mr. Brisband and I together to my content.

1. Haquenee = an ambling nag fitted for ladies' riding.

In or before 1674. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Jemima Crew Countess Sandwich 1625-1674.

The Great Road left London at Aldgate Gate after which it crossed the River Lea then continues to Gallows Corner, through Brentwood, Ingatestone, White's Place after which it reaches Caesaromagus aka Chelmsford.

Codham Hall Brentwood, Essex

Around 1429 Henry Wentworth 1429-1483 was born to Roger Wentworth 1395-1462 (34) and Margery Despencer 3rd Baroness Despencer Baroness Ros Helmsley 1397-1478 (32) at Codham Hall Brentwood.

In 1453 Margery Wentworth 1453-1540 was born to Henry Wentworth 1429-1483 (24) and Elizabeth Howard 1418-1483 (35) at Codham Hall Brentwood.

Around 1457 Elizabeth Wentworth 1457- was born to Henry Wentworth 1429-1483 (28) and Elizabeth Howard 1418-1483 (39) at Codham Hall Brentwood.

Around 1457 Margaret Wentworth 1457-1530 was born to Henry Wentworth 1429-1483 (28) and Elizabeth Howard 1418-1483 (39) at Codham Hall Brentwood.

Brightlingsea, Essex

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

Bruyn, Essex

On 16 May 1571 George Tyrrell of Thornton in Buckinghamshire 1530-1571 (41) died at Bruyn.

Chelmsford

Chignall St James, Essex

The River Can rises at High Easter from where it flows past Clatterford End, Frambridge End, Chignall St James and Writtle to Chelmsford where it joins the River Chelmer.

Chipping Ongar, Essex

In 1719 Barton Booth 1682-1733 (37) and Hester Santlow 1690-1773 (29) were married at Chipping Ongar.

Chrishall, Essex

Around 1357 Joan Cobham 1337-1357 (20) died at Chrishall.

On 31 May 1379 John Pole 1339-1379 (40) died at Chrishall.

Clatterford End, Essex

The River Can rises at High Easter from where it flows past Clatterford End, Frambridge End, Chignall St James and Writtle to Chelmsford where it joins the River Chelmer.

Clavering, Essex

In 1144 John Fitzrichard 6th Baron Halton 1144-1190 was born to Richard Fitzeustace 1120-1163 (24) and Albreda Lissours 5th Lady Pontefract -1194 at Clavering.

Around 1240 Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310 was born to Roger Fitzjohn 4th Baron Warkworth -1249 at Clavering.

On 29 Apr 1310 Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310 (70) died at Clavering.

In 1329 Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth 1251-1329 (78) died at Clavering.

Coggeshall, Essex

Stane Street to Colchester is a Roman Road between Braughing and Colchester. It travelled through Little Hadham, Bishop's Stortford, Takeley, Great Dunmow, Braintree Essex, Coggeshall and Marks Tey.

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Colchester

Colne Priory, Essex

On 24 Jan 1360 John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (47) died. He was buried at Colne Priory. His son Thomas Vere 8th Earl Oxford 1336-1371 (24) succeeded 8th Earl Oxford 2C 1141.

On 10 Mar 1513 John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (70) died at Hedingham Castle. He was buried at Colne Priory. His nephew John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (13) succeeded 14th Earl Oxford 2C 1141.

On 14 Jul 1526 John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (26) died. He was buried at Colne Priory. His second cousin John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (55) succeeded 15th Earl Oxford 2C 1141.

Cressing Temple, Essex

John Evelyn's Diary 23 December 1658. 23 Dec 1658. I went with my wife (23) to keep Christmas at my cousin, George Tuke's, at Cressing Temple, in Essex. Lay that night at Brentwood.

Dagenham, Essex

Valence House Dagenham, Essex

Dagnams

Danbury, Essex

Around 1478 Roger Darcy 1478-1508 was born to Thomas Darcy 1458-1485 (19) at Danbury.

In 1503 Richard Southwell 1503-1564 was born to Francis Southwell 1476-1512 (27) and Dorothy Tendering 1485-1520 (18) at Danbury.

Around 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Richard Southwell 1503-1564. Around 1575 based on a work of 1536.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Richard Southwell 1503-1564.

Around 1524 Mary Darcy 1524-1561 was born to Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Chiche 1506-1558 (17) and Audrey Raynsford 1504-1528 (20) at Danbury.

In 1540 Richard Southwell 1503-1564 (37) and Thomasine Darcy 1507- (33) were married at Danbury.

In 1540 Richard Southwell 1540-1600 was born illegitimately to Richard Southwell 1503-1564 (37) and Mary Darcy 1524-1561 (16) at Danbury.

Around 1544 Catherine Southwell 1544-1611 was born to Richard Southwell 1503-1564 (41) and Thomasine Darcy 1507- (37) at Danbury.

Around 1549 Thomas Southwell 1549-1609 was born illegitimately to Richard Southwell 1503-1564 (46) and Mary Darcy 1524-1561 (25) at Danbury.

After 1573 John Wentworth 1540-1588 and Dorothy Southwell 1543-1590 were married at Danbury.

Debden, Essex

On 26 Mar 1613 Henry Vane "The Younger" 1613-1662 was baptised at Debden.

Around 1658 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of Henry Vane

Dedham, Essex

John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1656. 08 Jul 1656. To Colchester, a fair town, but now wretchedly demolished by the late siege, especially the suburbs, which were all burned, but were then repairing. The town is built on a rising ground, having fair meadows on one side, and a river with a strong ancient castle, said to have been built by King Coilus, father of Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, of whom I find no memory save at the pinnacle of one of their wool-staple houses, where is a statue of Coilus, in wood, wretchedly carved. The walls are exceedingly strong, deeply trenched, and filled with earth. It has six gates, and some watchtowers, and some handsome churches. But what was shown us as a kind of miracle, at the outside of the Castle, the wall where Sir Charles Lucas (43) and Sir George Lisle, those valiant and noble persons who so bravely behaved themselves in the last siege, were barbarously shot, murdered by Ireton in cold blood, after surrendering on articles; having been disappointed of relief from the Scotch army, which had been defeated with the King at Worcester. The place was bare of grass for a large space, all the rest of it abounding with herbage. For the rest, this is a ragged and factious town, now swarming with sectaries. Their trading is in cloth with the Dutch, and baize and says with Spain; it is the only place in England where these stuffs are made unsophisticated. It is also famous for oysters and eringo root, growing hereabout, and candied for sale.

Went to Dedham, a pretty country town, having a very fair church, finely situated, the valley well watered. Here, I met with Dr. Stokes, a young gentleman, but an excellent mathematician. This is a clothing town, as most are in Essex, but lies in the unwholesome hundreds.

Hence to Ipswich, doubtless one of the sweetest, most pleasant, well-built towns in England. It has twelve fair churches, many noble houses, especially the Lord Devereux's (65); a brave quay, and commodious harbor, being about seven miles from the main; an ample market place. Here was born the great Cardinal Wolsey, who began a palace here, which was not finished.

I had the curiosity to visit some Quakers here in prison; a new fanatic sect, of dangerous principles, who show no respect to any man, magistrate, or other, and seem a melancholy, proud sort of people, and exceedingly ignorant. One of these was said to have fasted twenty days; but another, endeavoring to do the like, perished on the 10th, when he would have eaten, but could not.

Around 1590 based on a work of around 1520.Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530.

Earls Colne, Essex

In Dec 1263 Hugh Vere 4th Earl Oxford 1208-1263 (55) died. He was buried at Earls Colne. His son Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford 1240-1296 (23) succeeded 5th Earl Oxford 2C 1141.

In 1420 Ralph Audley 1420-1485 was born at Earls Colne.

Around 1450 Geoffrey Audley 1450-1504 was born to Ralph Audley 1420-1485 (30) at Earls Colne.

Around 1488 Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden 1488-1544 was born to Geoffrey Audley 1450-1504 (38) at Earls Colne. He was educated at Magdalene College aka Buckingham and Middle Temple.

In 1569 Unknown Painter. Posthumous portrait of Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden 1488-1544.

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

East Ham, Essex

Ham Creeke, East Ham, Essex

Diary of Samuel Pepys 18 December 1663. 18 Dec 1663. Up, and after being ready and done several businesses with people, I took water (taking a dram of the bottle at the waterside) with a gaily, the first that ever I had yet, and down to Woolwich, calling at Ham Creeke, where I met Deane (30), and had a great deal of talke with him about business, and so to the Ropeyarde and Docke, discoursing several things, and so back again and did the like at Deptford, and I find that it is absolutely necessary for me to do thus once a weeke at least all the yeare round, which will do me great good, and so home with great ease and content, especially out of the content which I met with in a book I bought yesterday, being a discourse of the state of Rome under the present Pope, Alexander the 7th, it being a very excellent piece. !After eating something at home, then to my office, where till night about business to dispatch. Among other people came Mr. Primate, the leather seller, in Fleete Streete, to see me, he says, coming this way; and he tells me that he is upon a proposal to the King (33), whereby, by a law already in being, he will supply the King (33), without wrong to any man, or charge to the people in general, so much as it is now, above £200,000 per annum, and God knows what, and that the King (33) do like the proposal, and hath directed that the Duke of Monmouth (14), with their consent, be made privy, and go along with him and his fellow proposer in the business, God knows what it is; for I neither can guess nor believe there is any such thing in his head.

At night made an end of the discourse I read this morning, and so home to supper and to bed.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685.

East Horndon, Essex

On 04 Apr 1541 John Tyrrell of Heron in Essex 1508-1541 (33) died at East Horndon.

Elsenham, Essex

On 03 Mar 1322 Geoffrey Saye 1st Baron Say 1281-1322 (40) died at Elsenham. On 03 Mar 1322 His son Geoffrey Saye 2nd Baron Say 1309-1359 (13) succeeded 2nd Baron Say 1C 1313.

Elsenham Manor Elsenham, Essex

In Apr 1281 Geoffrey Saye 1st Baron Say 1281-1322 was born to William Saye 1253-1295 (27) at Elsenham Manor Elsenham.

Epping, Essex

Diary of Samuel Pepys 27 February 1660. 27 Feb 1660. Monday. Up by four o'clock, and after I was ready, took my leave of my father (59), whom I left in bed, and the same of my brother John (19), to whom I gave 10s. Mr. Blayton and I took horse and straight to Saffron Walden, where at the White Hart, we set up our horses, and took the master of the house to shew us Audley End House, who took us on foot through the park, and so to the house, where the housekeeper shewed us all the house, in which the stateliness of the ceilings, chimney-pieces, and form of the whole was exceedingly worth seeing. He took us into the cellar, where we drank most admirable drink, a health to the King (29). Here I played on my flageolette, there being an excellent echo. He shewed us excellent pictures; two especially, those of the four Evangelists and Henry VIII. After that I gave the man 2s. for his trouble, and went back again. In our going, my landlord carried us through a very old hospital or almshouse, where forty poor people was maintained; a very old foundation; and over the chimney in the mantelpiece was an inscription in brass: "Orate pre anima Thomae Bird", &c.; and the poor box also was on the same chimney-piece, with an iron door and locks to it, into which I put 6d. They brought me a draft of their drink in a brown bowl, tipt with silver, which I drank off, and at the bottom was a picture of the Virgin and the child in her arms, done in silver. So we went to our Inn, and after eating of something, and kissed the daughter of the house, she being very pretty, we took leave, and so that night, the road pretty good, but the weather rainy to Eping, where we sat and played a game at cards, and after supper, and some merry talk with a plain bold maid of the house, we went to bed.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

Copt Hall Epping, Essex

In 1532 Thomas Heneage 1532-1595 was born to Robert Heneage 1500-1556 (32) and Lucy Buckton at Copt Hall Epping.

Epping Forest, Essex

John Evelyn's Diary 02 September 1669. 02 Sep 1669. I was this day very ill of a pain in my limbs, which continued most of this week, and was increased by a visit I made to my old acquaintance, the Earl of Norwich (54), at his house in Epping Forest, where are many good pictures put into the wainscot of the rooms, which Mr. Baker, his Lordship's predecessor there, brought out of Spain; especially the History of Joseph, a picture of the pious and learned Picus Mirandula, and an incomparable one of old Breugel. The gardens were well understood, I mean the potager. I returned late in the evening, ferrying over the water at Greenwich.

John Evelyn's Diary 16 March 1683. 16 Mar 1683. I went to see Sir Josiah Child's (52) prodigious cost in planting walnut trees about his seat, and making fish ponds, many miles in circuit, in Epping Forest, in a barren spot, as oftentimes these suddenly monied men for the most part seat themselves. He from a merchant's apprentice, and management of the East_India Company's stock, being arrived to an estate (it is said) of £200,000; and lately married his daughter (17) to the eldest son (22) of the Duke of Beaufort, late Marquis of Worcester, with £50,000 portional present, and various expectations.

I dined at Mr. Houblon's (53), a rich and gentle French merchant, who was building a house in the Forest, near Sir J. Child's (52), in a place where the late Earl of Norwich (68) dwelt some time, and which came from his lady, the widow of Mr. Baker. It will be a pretty villa, about five miles from Whitechapel.

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699.

Frambridge End, Essex

The River Can rises at High Easter from where it flows past Clatterford End, Frambridge End, Chignall St James and Writtle to Chelmsford where it joins the River Chelmer.

Faulkbourne, Essex

On 05 Jul 1449 John Montgomery -1449 died at Faulkbourne.

John Montgomery -1449 was born at Faulkbourne.

Felstead, Essex

Diary of Henry Machyn December 1558. 16 Dec 1558. The xvj day of December was cared in a charett from sant Baythelmuw the grett unto Essex to be bered, with baners and banerrolles abowt her, my lade Ryche (48), and so to the plasse wher she dwelyd.

Around 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of Elizabeth Jenks Baroness Rich 1510-1558.

Felstead School Felstead, Essex

Around 1645 Hender Robartes 1635-1688 (9) educated at Felstead School Felstead.

Around 1646 Robert Robartes 1634-1682 (11) educated at Felstead School Felstead.

Finchingfield, Essex

On 07 Jul 1585 Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646 was born to Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (28) and Anne Dacre Countess Arundel 1557-1630 (28) at Finchingfield.

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646. In 1630 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646 and wearing his Garter Collar. Around 1629 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640. Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646. Around 1575 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. Portrait of Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595.

Flitch Green, Essex

The River Chelmer rises near River Chelmer from where it flows past Great Easton, Great Dunmow, Flitch Green, Hartford End, Howe Street, Little Waltham, Broomfield, around Chelmsford.

After Chelmsford the River Chelmer continues past Little Baddow, Ulting, Beeleigh Abbey Maldon, Maldon after which it joins the River_Blackwater.

Fordham Heath, Essex

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

Frinton Manor, Essex

In Aug 1734 George Lynn 1707-1758 (27) and Anne Bellamy 1710-1767 (54) were married by which he came into possession of Frinton Manor.

Gallows Corner, Essex

The Great Road left London at Aldgate Gate after which it crossed the River Lea then continues to Gallows Corner, through Brentwood, Ingatestone, White's Place after which it reaches Caesaromagus aka Chelmsford.

Galloper Sand, Essex

Galloper Sand. A sandbank, around 50 km offshore from the Felixstowe area, around 11.5 km long and less than 1 km wide. The general depth of the area is 30-50 m to the west and 20-30 m to the east. However the depth over the Galloper itself decreases from 20 m to as little as 2 m.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 07 June 1666. 07 Jun 1666. Up betimes, and to my office about business (Sir W. Coventry (38) having sent me word that he is gone down to the fleete to see how matters stand, and to be back again speedily); and with the same expectation of congratulating ourselves with the victory that I had yesterday. But my Lord Bruncker (46) and Sir T. H. (41) that come from Court, tell me quite contrary newes, which astonishes me: that is to say, that we are beaten, lost many ships and good commanders; have not taken one ship of the enemy's; and so can only report ourselves a victory; nor is it certain that we were left masters of the field. But, above all, that The Prince run on shore upon the Galloper, and there stuck; was endeavoured to be fetched off by the Dutch, but could not; and so they burned her; and Sir G. Ascue (50) is taken prisoner, and carried into Holland. This newes do much trouble me, and the thoughts of the ill consequences of it, and the pride and presumption that brought us to it.

At noon to the 'Change, and there find the discourse of towne, and their countenances much changed; but yet not very plain.

So home to dinner all alone, my father and people being gone all to Woolwich to see the launching of the new ship The Greenwich, built by Chr. Pett. I left alone with little Mrs. Tooker, whom I kept with me in my chamber all the afternoon, and did what I would with her.

By and by comes Mr. Wayth to me; and discoursing of our ill successe, he tells me plainly from Captain Page's own mouth (who hath lost his arm in the fight), that the Dutch did pursue us two hours before they left us, and then they suffered us to go on homewards, and they retreated towards their coast: which is very sad newes. Then to my office and anon to White Hall, late, to the Duke of York (32) to see what commands he hath and to pray a meeting to-morrow for Tangier in behalf of Mr. Yeabsly, which I did do and do find the Duke (32) much damped in his discourse, touching the late fight, and all the Court talk sadly of it. The Duke (32) did give me several letters he had received from the fleete, and Sir W. Coventry (38) and Sir W. Pen (45), who are gone down thither, for me to pick out some works to be done for the setting out the fleete again; and so I took them home with me, and was drawing out an abstract of them till midnight. And as to newes, I do find great reason to think that we are beaten in every respect, and that we are the losers. The Prince upon the Galloper, where both the Royall Charles and Royall Katharine had come twice aground, but got off. The Essex carried into Holland; the Swiftsure missing (Sir William Barkeley (27)) ever since the beginning of the fight. Captains Bacon, Tearne, Wood, Mootham, Whitty, and Coppin, slayne. The Duke of Albemarle (57) writes, that he never fought with worse officers in his life, not above twenty of them behaving themselves like men. Sir William Clerke (43) lost his leg; and in two days died. The Loyall George, Seven Oakes, and Swiftsure, are still missing, having never, as the Generall writes himself, engaged with them. It was as great an alteration to find myself required to write a sad letter instead of a triumphant one to my Lady Sandwich (41) this night, as ever on any occasion I had in my life. So late home and to bed.

Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Admiral George Ayscue 1616-1672. One of the Flagmen of Lowestoft. Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670. Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes. In or before 1674. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Jemima Crew Countess Sandwich 1625-1674.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 04 July 1666. 04 Jul 1666. Up, and visited very betimes by Mr. Sheply, who is come to town upon business from Hinchingbrooke, where he left all well. I out and walked along with him as far as Fleet Streete, it being a fast day, the usual fast day for the plague, and few coaches to be had. Thanks be to God, the plague is, as I hear, encreased but two this week; but in the country in several places it rages mightily, and particularly in Colchester, where it hath long been, and is believed will quite depopulate the place. To St. James's, and there did our usual business with the Duke, all of us, among other things, discoursing about the places where to build ten great ships; the King (36) and Council have resolved on none to be under third-rates; but it is impossible to do it, unless we have more money towards the doing it than yet we have in any view. But, however, the shew must be made to the world.

Thence to my Lord Bellasses (52) to take my leave of him, he being going down to the North to look after the Militia there, for fear of an invasion.

Thence home and dined, and then to the office, where busy all day, and in the evening Sir W. Pen (45) come to me, and we walked together, and talked of the late fight. I find him very plain, that the whole conduct of the late fight was ill, and that that of truth's all, and he tells me that it is not he, but two-thirds of the commanders of the whole fleete have told him so: they all saying, that they durst not oppose it at the Council of War, for fear of being called cowards, though it was wholly against their judgement to fight that day with the disproportion of force, and then we not being able to use one gun of our lower tier, which was a greater disproportion than the other. Besides, we might very well have staid in the Downs without fighting, or any where else, till the Prince (46) could have come up to them; or at least till the weather was fair, that we might have the benefit of our whole force in the ships that we had. He says three things must [be] remedied, or else we shall be undone by this fleete.

1. That we must fight in a line, whereas we fight promiscuously, to our utter and demonstrable ruine; the Dutch fighting otherwise; and we, whenever we beat them.

2. We must not desert ships of our own in distress, as we did, for that makes a captain desperate, and he will fling away his ship, when there is no hopes left him of succour.

3. That ships, when they are a little shattered, must not take the liberty to come in of themselves, but refit themselves the best they can, and stay out—many of our ships coming in with very small disablenesses.

He told me that our very commanders, nay, our very flag-officers, do stand in need of exercising among themselves, and discoursing the business of commanding a fleete; he telling me that even one of our flag-men in the fleete did not know which tacke lost the wind, or which kept it, in the last engagement. He says it was pure dismaying and fear that made them all run upon the Galloper, not having their wits about them; and that it was a miracle they were not all lost. He much inveighs upon my discoursing of Sir John Lawson's (51) saying heretofore, that sixty sail would do as much as one hundred; and says that he was a man of no counsel at all, but had got the confidence to say as the gallants did, and did propose to himself to make himself great by them, and saying as they did; but was no man of judgement in his business, but hath been out in the greatest points that have come before them. And then in the business of fore-castles, which he did oppose, all the world sees now the use of them for shelter of men. He did talk very rationally to me, insomuch that I took more pleasure this night in hearing him discourse, than I ever did in my life in any thing that he said. He gone I to the office again, and so after some business home to supper and to bed.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1634 Gilbert Jackson Painter 1595-1648. Portrait of John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689. Around 1669 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the Prince Rupert, Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 and Colonel William Murray. Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1672 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Admiral John Lawson 1615-1665. One of the Flagmen of Lowestoft.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 29 July 1667. 29 Jul 1667. Up, and with Sir W. Batten (66) to St. James's, to Sir W. Coventry's (39) chamber; where, among other things, he come to me, and told me that he had received my yesterday's letters, and that we concurred very well in our notions; and that, as to my place which I had offered to resign of the Victualling, he had drawn up a letter at the same time for the Duke of York's (33) signing for the like places in general raised during this war; and that he had done me right to the Duke of York (33), to let him know that I had, of my own accord, offered to resign mine. The letter do bid us to do all things, particularizing several, for the laying up of the ships, and easing the King (37) of charge; so that the war is now professedly over.

By and by up to the Duke of York's (33) chamber; and there all the talk was about Jordan's coming with so much indiscretion, with his four little frigates and sixteen fire-ships from Harwich, to annoy the enemy. His failures were of several sorts, I know not which the truest: that he come with so strong a gale of wind, that his grapplings would not hold; that he did come by their lee; whereas if he had come athwart their hawse, they would have held; that they did not stop a tide, and come up with a windward tide, and then they would not have come so fast. Now, there happened to be Captain Jenifer by, who commanded the Lily in this business, and thus says that, finding the Dutch not so many as they expected, they did not know but that there were more of them above, and so were not so earnest to the setting upon these; that they did do what they could to make the fire-ships fall in among the enemy; and, for their lives, neither Sir J. Jordan nor others could, by shooting several times at them, make them go in; and it seems they were commanded by some idle fellows, such as they could of a sudden gather up at Harwich; which is a sad consideration that, at such a time as this, where the saving the reputation of the whole nation lay at stake, and after so long a war, the King (37) had not credit to gather a few able men to command these vessels. He says, that if they had come up slower, the enemy would, with their boats and their great sloops, which they have to row with a great many men, they would, and did, come and cut up several of our fireships, and would certainly have taken most of them, for they do come with a great provision of these boats on purpose, and to save their men, which is bravely done of them, though they did, on this very occasion, shew great fear, as they say, by some men leaping overboard out of a great ship, as these were all of them of sixty and seventy guns a-piece, which one of our fireships laid on board, though the fire did not take. But yet it is brave to see what care they do take to encourage their men to provide great stores of boats to save them, while we have not credit to find one boat for a ship. And, further, he told us that this new way used by Deane (33), and this Sir W. Coventry (39) observed several times, of preparing of fire-ships, do not do the work; for the fire, not being strong and quick enough to flame up, so as to take the rigging and sails, lies smothering a great while, half an hour before it flames, in which time they can get her off safely, though, which is uncertain, and did fail in one or two this bout, it do serve to burn our own ships. But what a shame it is to consider how two of our ships' companies did desert their ships for fear of being taken by their boats, our little frigates being forced to leave them, being chased by their greater! And one more company did set their ship on fire, and leave her; which afterwards a Feversham fisherman come up to, and put out the fire, and carried safe into Feversham, where she now is, which was observed by the Duke of York (33), and all the company with him, that it was only want of courage, and a general dismay and abjectness of spirit upon all our men; and others did observe our ill management, and God Almighty's curse upon all that we have in hand, for never such an opportunity was of destroying so many good ships of theirs as we now had. But to see how negligent we were in this business, that our fleete of Jordan's should not have any notice where Spragg was, nor Spragg of Jordan's, so as to be able to meet and join in the business, and help one another; but Jordan, when he saw Spragg's fleete above, did think them to be another part of the enemy's fleete! While, on the other side, notwithstanding our people at Court made such a secret of Jordan's design that nobody must know it, and even this Office itself must not know it; nor for my part I did not, though Sir W. Batten (66) says by others' discourse to him he had heard something of it; yet De Ruyter (60), or he that commanded this fleete, had notice of it, and told it to a fisherman of ours that he took and released on Thursday last, which was the day before our fleete came to him. But then, that, that seems most to our disgrace, and which the Duke of York (33) did take special and vehement notice of, is, that when the Dutch saw so many fire-ships provided for them, themselves lying, I think, about the Nore, they did with all their great ships, with a North-east wind, as I take it they said, but whatever it was, it was a wind that we should not have done it with, turn down to the Middle-ground; which the Duke of York (33) observed, never was nor would have been undertaken by ourselves. And whereas some of the company answered, it was their great fear, not their choice that made them do it, the Duke of York (33) answered, that it was, it may be, their fear and wisdom that made them do it; but yet their fear did not make them mistake, as we should have done, when we have had no fear upon us, and have run our ships on ground. And this brought it into my mind, that they managed their retreat down this difficult passage, with all their fear, better than we could do ourselves in the main sea, when the Duke of Albemarle (58) run away from the Dutch, when the Prince was lost, and the Royal Charles and the other great ships come on ground upon the Galloper. Thus, in all things, in wisdom, courage, force, knowledge of our own streams, and success, the Dutch have the best of us, and do end the war with victory on their side. The Duke of York (33) being ready, we into his closet, but, being in haste to go to the Parliament House, he could not stay. So we parted, and to Westminster Hall, where the Hall full of people to see the issue of the day, the King (37) being come to speak to the House to-day.

One thing extraordinary was, this day a man, a Quaker, came naked through the Hall, only very civilly tied about the privities to avoid scandal, and with a chafing-dish of fire and brimstone burning upon his head, did pass through the Hall, crying, "Repent! repent!" I up to the Painted Chamber, thinking to have got in to have heard the King's speech, but upon second thoughts did not think it would be worth the crowd, and so went down again into the Hall and there walked with several, among others my Lord Rutherford, who is come out of Scotland, and I hope I may get some advantage by it in reference to the business of the interest of the great sum of money I paid him long since without interest. But I did not now move him in it.

But presently comes down the House of Commons, the King (37) having made then a very short and no pleasing speech to them at all, not at all giving them thanks for their readiness to come up to town at this busy time; but told them that he did think he should have had occasion for them, but had none, and therefore did dismiss them to look after their own occasions till October; and that he did wonder any should offer to bring in a suspicion that he intended to rule by an army, or otherwise than by the laws of the land, which he promised them he would do; and so bade them go home and settle the minds of the country in that particular; and only added, that he had made a peace which he did believe they would find reasonable, and a good peace, but did give them none of the particulars thereof. Thus they are dismissed again to their general great distaste, I believe the greatest that ever Parliament was, to see themselves so fooled, and the nation in certain condition of ruin, while the King (37), they see, is only governed by his lust, and women, and rogues about him. The Speaker, they found, was kept from coming in the morning to the House on purpose, till after the King (37) was come to the House of Lords, for fear they should be doing anything in the House of Commons to the further dissatisfaction of the King (37) and his courtiers. They do all give up the Kingdom for lost that I speak to; and do hear what the King (37) says, how he and the Duke of York (33) do do what they can to get up an army, that they may need no more Parliaments: and how my Baroness Castlemayne (26) hath, before the late breach between her and the King (37), said to the King (37) that he must rule by an army, or all would be lost, and that Bab. May (39) hath given the like advice to the King (37), to crush the English gentlemen, saying that £300 a-year was enough for any man but them that lived at Court. I am told that many petitions were provided for the Parliament, complaining of the wrongs they have received from the Court and courtiers, in city and country, if the Parliament had but sat: and I do perceive they all do resolve to have a good account of the money spent before ever they give a farthing more: and the whole kingdom is everywhere sensible of their being abused, insomuch that they forced their Parliament-men to come up to sit; and my cozen Roger (50) told me that (but that was in mirth) he believed, if he had not come up, he should have had his house burned. The Kingdom never in so troubled a condition in this world as now; nobody pleased with the peace, and yet nobody daring to wish for the continuance of the war, it being plain that nothing do nor can thrive under us. Here I saw old good Mr. Vaughan (63), and several of the great men of the Commons, and some of them old men, that are come 200 miles, and more, to attend this session-of Parliament; and have been at great charge and disappointments in their other private business; and now all to no purpose, neither to serve their country, content themselves, nor receive any thanks from the King (37). It is verily expected by many of them that the King (37) will continue the prorogation in October, so as, if it be possible, never to have [this] Parliament more. My Lord Bristoll (54) took his place in the House of Lords this day, but not in his robes; and when the King (37) come in, he withdrew but my Lord of Buckingham (39) was there as brisk as ever, and sat in his robes; which is a monstrous thing, that a man proclaimed against, and put in the Tower, and all, and released without any trial, and yet not restored to his places.

But, above all, I saw my Lord Mordaunt (41) as merry as the best, that it seems hath done such further indignities to Mr. Taylor' since the last sitting of Parliament as would hang (him), if there were nothing else, would the King (37) do what were fit for him; but nothing of that is now likely to be. After having spent an hour or two in the hall, my cozen Roger (50) and I and Creed to the Old Exchange, where I find all the merchants sad at this peace and breaking up of the Parliament, as men despairing of any good to the nation, which is a grievous consideration; and so home, and there cozen Roger (50) and Creed to dinner with me, and very merry:—but among other things they told me of the strange, bold sermon of Dr. Creeton yesterday, before the King (37); how he preached against the sins of the Court, and particularly against adultery, over and over instancing how for that single sin in David, the whole nation was undone; and of our negligence in having our castles without ammunition and powder when the Dutch come upon us; and how we have no courage now a-days, but let our ships be taken out of our harbour. Here Creed did tell us the story of the dwell last night, in Coventgarden, between Sir H. Bellasses (28) and Tom Porter. It is worth remembering the silliness of the quarrell, and is a kind of emblem of the general complexion of this whole kingdom at present. They two it seems dined yesterday at Sir Robert Carr's (30), where it seems people do drink high, all that come. It happened that these two, the greatest friends in the world, were talking together: and Sir H. Bellasses talked a little louder than ordinary to Tom Porter, giving of him some advice. Some of the company standing by said, "What! are they quarrelling, that they talk so high?" Sir H. Bellasses hearing it, said, "No!" says he: "I would have you know that I never quarrel, but I strike; and take that as a rule of mine!"—"How?" says Tom Porter, "strike! I would I could see the man in England that durst give me a blow!" with that Sir H. Bellasses did give him a box of the eare; and so they were going to fight there, but were hindered. And by and by Tom Porter went out; and meeting Dryden (35) the poet, told him of the business, and that he was resolved to fight Sir H. Bellasses presently; for he knew, if he did not, they should be made friends to-morrow, and then the blow would rest upon him; which he would prevent, and desired Dryden (35) to let him have his boy to bring him notice which way Sir H. Bellasses goes.

By and by he is informed that Sir H. Bellasses's (28) coach was coming: so Tom Porter went down out of the Coffee-house where he stayed for the tidings, and stopped the coach, and bade Sir H. Bellasses come out. "Why", says H. Bellasses, "you will not hurt me coming out, will you?"—"No", says Tom Porter. So out he went, and both drew: and H. Bellasses having drawn and flung away his scabbard, Tom Porter asked him whether he was ready? The other answering him he was, they fell to fight, some of their acquaintance by. They wounded one another, and H. Bellasses so much that it is feared he will die: and finding himself severely wounded, he called to Tom Porter, and kissed him, and bade him shift for himself; "for", says he, "Tom, thou hast hurt me; but I will make shift to stand upon my legs till thou mayest withdraw, and the world not take notice of you, for I would not have thee troubled for what thou hast done". And so whether he did fly or no I cannot tell: but Tom Porter shewed H. Bellasses that he was wounded too: and they are both ill, but H. Bellasses to fear of life. And this is a fine example; and H. Bellasses a Parliament-man too, and both of them most extraordinary friends! Among other discourse, my cozen Roger (50) told us a thing certain, that the Archbishop of Canterbury (69); that now is, do keep a wench, and that he is as very a wencher as can be; and tells us it is a thing publickly known that Sir Charles Sidley (28) had got away one of the Archbishop's wenches from him, and the Archbishop sent to him to let him know that she was his kinswoman, and did wonder that he would offer any dishonour to one related to him. To which Sir Charles Sidley is said to answer, "A pox take his Grace! pray tell his Grace that I believe he finds himself too old, and is afraid that I should outdo him among his girls, and spoil his trade". But he makes no more of doubt to say that the Archbishop is a wencher, and known to be so, which is one of the most astonishing things that I have heard of, unless it be, what for certain he says is true, that my Baroness Castlemayne (26) hath made a Bishop lately, namely,—her uncle, Dr. Glenham, who, I think they say, is Bishop of Carlisle; a drunken, swearing rascal, and a scandal to the Church; and do now pretend to be Bishop of Lincoln, in competition with Dr. Raynbow (59), who is reckoned as worthy a man as most in the Church for piety and learning: which are things so scandalous to consider, that no man can doubt but we must be undone that hears of them.

After dinner comes W. How and a son of Mr. Pagett's to see me, with whom I drank, but could not stay, and so by coach with cozen Roger (50) (who before his going did acquaint me in private with an offer made of his marrying of Mrs. Elizabeth Wiles, whom I know; a kinswoman of Mr. Honiwood's, an ugly old maid, but a good housewife; and is said to have £2500 to her portion; but if I can find that she hath but £2000, which he prays me to examine, he says he will have her, she being one he hath long known intimately, and a good housewife, and discreet woman; though I am against it in my heart, she being not handsome at all) and it hath been the very bad fortune of the Pepyses that ever I knew, never to marry an handsome woman, excepting Ned Pepys and Creed, set the former down at the Temple resolving to go to Cambridge to-morrow, and Creed and I to White Hall to the Treasury chamber there to attend, but in vain, only here, looking out of the window into the garden, I saw the King (37) (whom I have not had any desire to see since the Dutch come upon the coast first to Sheerness, for shame that I should see him, or he me, methinks, after such a dishonour) come upon the garden; with him two or three idle Lords; and instantly after him, in another walk, my Baroness Castlemayne (26), led by Bab. May: at which I was surprised, having but newly heard the stories of the King (37) and her being parted for ever. So I took Mr. Povy (53), who was there, aside, and he told me all, how imperious this woman is, and hectors the King (37) to whatever she will. It seems she is with child, and the King (37) says he did not get it: with that she made a slighting "puh" with her mouth, and went out of the house, and never come in again till the King (37) went to Sir Daniel Harvy's to pray her; and so she is come to-day, when one would think his mind should be full of some other cares, having but this morning broken up such a Parliament, with so much discontent, and so many wants upon him, and but yesterday heard such a sermon against adultery. But it seems she hath told the King (37), that whoever did get it, he should own it; and the bottom of the quarrel is this:—She is fallen in love with young Jermin who hath of late lain with her oftener than the King (37), and is now going to marry my Lady Falmouth; the King (37) he is mad at her entertaining Jermin, and she is mad at Jermin's going to marry from her: so they are all mad; and thus the Kingdom is governed! and they say it is labouring to make breaches between the Duke of Richmond and his lady that the King (37) may get her to him. But he tells me for certain that nothing is more sure than that the King (37), and Duke of York (33), and the Chancellor (58), are desirous and labouring all they can to get an army, whatever the King (37) says to the Parliament; and he believes that they are at last resolved to stand and fall all three together: so that he says match of the Duke of York (33) with the Chancellor's (58) daughter hath undone the nation. He tells me also that the King (37) hath not greater enemies in the world than those of his own family; for there is not an officer in the house almost but curses him for letting them starve, and there is not a farthing of money to be raised for the buying them bread. Having done talking with him I to Westminster Hall, and there talked and wandered up and down till the evening to no purpose, there and to the Swan, and so till the evening, and so home, and there to walk in the garden with my wife, telling her of my losing £300 a year by my place that I am to part with, which do a little trouble me, but we must live with somewhat more thrift, and so home to supper and to play on the flageolet, which do do very prettily, and so to bed. Many guns were heard this afternoon, it seems, at White Hall and in the Temple garden very plain; but what it should be nobody knows, unless the Dutch be driving our ships up the river. To-morrow we shall know.

1667. Ferdinand Bol 1616-1680. Portrait of Admiral Michiel de Ruyter 1607-1676. Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677 and William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700. Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677. Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 wearing his Garter Collar. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of John Dryden 1631-1700. Around 1693. Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Dryden 1631-1700. Around 1697. Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Dryden 1631-1700. Around 1665 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of John Dryden 1631-1700. Around 1657 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.

Gosfield, Essex

Around 1460 Roger Wentworth 1460-1539 was born to Henry Wentworth 1429-1483 (31) and Elizabeth Howard 1418-1483 (42) at Gosfield.

In 1496 Henry Wentworth 1496-1545 was born to Roger Wentworth 1460-1539 (36) and Anne Tyrrell 1480-1534 (16) at Gosfield.

In 1564 John Wentworth 1564-1613 was born to John Wentworth 1540-1588 (24) and Dorothy Southwell 1543-1590 (21) at Gosfield.

Before 10 Aug 1593 Cecily Wentworth Countess Winchelsea 1593-1642 was born to John Wentworth 1564-1613 and Cicely Unton 1561-1618. On 10 Aug 1593 Cecily Wentworth Countess Winchelsea 1593-1642 was baptised in Gosfield.

On 10 Feb 1613 John Wentworth 1564-1613 (49) died at Gosfield.

Great Bardfield, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

The River Brain rises near Great Bardfield where it is known as Pods Brook. From there it flows past Shalford Green through Braintree Essex, past White Notley and Witham after which it joins the River Pant aka Blackwater.

Great Braxted, Essex

Braxted Park, Great Braxted, Essex

In 1745 Peter Du Cane 1713-1803 (31) established his family at Braxted Park.

1747. Arthur Devis 1712-1787. Portrait of Peter Du Cane 1713-1803. The left hand panel of the Du Cane Triptych.

Great Dunmow, Essex

Stane Street to Colchester is a Roman Road between Braughing and Colchester. It travelled through Little Hadham, Bishop's Stortford, Takeley, Great Dunmow, Braintree Essex, Coggeshall and Marks Tey.

The River Chelmer rises near River Chelmer from where it flows past Great Easton, Great Dunmow, Flitch Green, Hartford End, Howe Street, Little Waltham, Broomfield, around Chelmsford.

After Chelmsford the River Chelmer continues past Little Baddow, Ulting, Beeleigh Abbey Maldon, Maldon after which it joins the River_Blackwater.

Great Easton, Essex

The River Chelmer rises near River Chelmer from where it flows past Great Easton, Great Dunmow, Flitch Green, Hartford End, Howe Street, Little Waltham, Broomfield, around Chelmsford.

After Chelmsford the River Chelmer continues past Little Baddow, Ulting, Beeleigh Abbey Maldon, Maldon after which it joins the River_Blackwater.

Great Hallingbury, Essex

On 27 Nov 1556 Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal 10th Baron Morley 1481-1556 (75) died at Great Hallingbury. His grandson Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal 11th Baron Morley 1533-1577 (23) succeeded 12th Baron Marshal, 11th Baron Morley.

On 01 Jul 1622 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle 14th Baron Marshal 13th Baron Morley 1575-1622 (47) died at Great Hallingbury. His son Henry Parker 15th Baron Marshal 14th Baron Morley 5th Baron Monteagle 1600-1655 (22) succeeded 15th Baron Marshal, 14th Baron Morley.

Around 1615 John Critz 1551-1642. Portrait of William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle 14th Baron Marshal 13th Baron Morley 1575-1622.

Great Sampford, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Great Thornton, Essex

Around 1390 James Tyrrell 1290-1390 died at Great Thornton.

Great Yeldham, Essex

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

Gunfleete Sand, Essex

Gunfleete Sand. Lies off the coast near Clacton-on-Sea.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 10 May 1665. 10 May 1665. Up betimes, and abroad to the Cocke-Pitt, where the Duke (56) [of Albemarle] did give Sir W. Batten (64) and me an account of the late taking of eight ships, and of his intent to come back to the Gunfleete1 with the fleete presently; which creates us much work and haste therein, against the fleete comes.

So to Mr. Povy (51), and after discourse with him home, and thence to the Guard in Southwarke, there to get some soldiers, by the Duke's order, to go keep pressmen on board our ships.

So to the 'Change and did much business, and then home to dinner, and there find my poor mother come out of the country today in good health, and I am glad to see her, but my business, which I am sorry for, keeps me from paying the respect I ought to her at her first coming, she being grown very weak in her judgement, and doating again in her discourse, through age and some trouble in her family. I left her and my wife to go abroad to buy something, and then I to my office.

In the evening by appointment to Sir W. Warren and Mr. Deering at a taverne hard by with intent to do some good upon their agreement in a great bargain of planks.

So home to my office again, and then to supper and to bed, my mother being in bed already.

1. The Gunfleet Sand off the Essex coast.

Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670. Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes. Around 1657 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 31 May 1666. 31 May 1666. Waked very betimes in the morning by extraordinary thunder and rain, which did keep me sleeping and waking till very late, and it being a holiday and my eye very sore, and myself having had very little sleep for a good while till nine o'clock, and so up, and so saw all my family up, and my father and sister, who is a pretty good-bodied woman, and not over thicke, as I thought she would have been, but full of freckles, and not handsome in face.

And so I out by water among the ships, and to Deptford and Blackewall about business, and so home and to dinner with my father and sister and family, mighty pleasant all of us; and, among other things, with a sparrow that our Mercer hath brought up now for three weeks, which is so tame that it flies up and down, and upon the table, and eats and pecks, and do everything so pleasantly, that we are mightily pleased with it.

After dinner I to my papers and accounts of this month to sett all straight, it being a publique Fast-day appointed to pray for the good successe of the fleete. But it is a pretty thing to consider how little a matter they make of this keeping of a Fast, that it was not so much as declared time enough to be read in the churches the last Sunday; but ordered by proclamation since: I suppose upon some sudden newes of the Dutch being come out. To my accounts and settled them clear; but to my grief find myself poorer than I was the last by near £20, by reason of my being forced to return £50 to Downing, the smith, which he had presented me with. However, I am well contented, finding myself yet to be worth £5,200. Having done, to supper with my wife, and then to finish the writing fair of my accounts, and so to bed. This day come to town Mr.

Homewood, and I took him home in the evening to my chamber, and discoursed with him about my business of the Victualling, which I have a mind to employ him in, and he is desirous of also, but do very ingenuously declare he understands it not so well as other things, and desires to be informed in the nature of it before he attempts it, which I like well, and so I carried him to Mr. Gibson to discourse with him about it, and so home again to my accounts. Thus ends this month, with my mind oppressed by my defect in my duty of the Victualling, which lies upon me as a burden, till I get myself into a better posture therein, and hinders me and casts down my courage in every thing else that belongs to me, and the jealousy I have of Sir W. Coventry's (38) being displeased with me about it; but I hope in a little time to remedy all. As to publique business; by late tidings of the French fleete being come to Rochelle (how true, though, I know not) our fleete is divided; Prince Rupert (46) being gone with about thirty ships to the Westward as is conceived to meet the French, to hinder their coming to join with the Dutch. My Lord Duke of Albemarle (57) lies in the Downes with the rest, and intends presently to sail to the Gunfleete.

Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the Prince Rupert, Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 and Colonel William Murray. Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1672 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 02 June 1666. 02 Jun 1666. Up, and to the office, where certain newes is brought us of a letter come to the King (36) this morning from the Duke of Albemarle (57), dated yesterday at eleven o'clock, as they were sailing to the Gunfleete, that they were in sight of the Dutch fleete, and were fitting themselves to fight them; so that they are, ere this, certainly engaged; besides, several do averr they heard the guns all yesterday in the afternoon. This put us at the Board into a tosse. Presently come orders for our sending away to the fleete a recruite of 200 soldiers. So I rose from the table, and to the Victualling Office, and thence upon the River among several vessels, to consider of the sending them away; and lastly, down to Greenwich, and there appointed two yachts to be ready for them; and did order the soldiers to march to Blackewall. Having set all things in order against the next flood, I went on shore with Captain Erwin at Greenwich, and into the Parke, and there we could hear the guns from the fleete most plainly.

Thence he and I to the King's Head and there bespoke a dish of steaks for our dinner about four o'clock. While that was doing, we walked to the water-side, and there seeing the King (36) and Duke (32) come down in their barge to Greenwich-house, I to them, and did give them an account [of] what I was doing. They went up to the Parke to hear the guns of the fleete go off. All our hopes now are that Prince Rupert (46) with his fleete is coming back and will be with the fleete this even: a message being sent to him to that purpose on Wednesday last; and a return is come from him this morning, that he did intend to sail from St. Ellen's point about four in the afternoon on Wednesday [Friday], which was yesterday; which gives us great hopes, the wind being very fair, that he is with them this even, and the fresh going off of the guns makes us believe the same.

After dinner, having nothing else to do till flood, I went and saw Mrs. Daniel, to whom I did not tell that the fleets were engaged, because of her husband, who is in the R. Charles. Very pleasant with her half an hour, and so away and down to Blackewall, and there saw the soldiers (who were by this time gotten most of them drunk) shipped off. But, Lord! to see how the poor fellows kissed their wives and sweethearts in that simple manner at their going off, and shouted, and let off their guns, was strange sport.

In the evening come up the River the Katharine yacht, Captain Fazeby, who hath brought over my Lord of Alesbury (40) and Sir Thomas Liddall (with a very pretty daughter (7), and in a pretty travelling-dress) from Flanders, who saw the Dutch fleete on Thursday, and ran from them; but from that houre to this hath not heard one gun, nor any newes of any fight. Having put the soldiers on board, I home and wrote what I had to write by the post, and so home to supper and to bed, it being late.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Robert Bruce 2nd Earl Elgin 1st Earl Ailesbury 1626-1685.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 03 July 1666. 03 Jul 1666. Being very weary, lay long in bed, then to the office and there sat all the day.

At noon dined at home, Balty's (26) wife with us, and in very good humour I was and merry at dinner, and after dinner a song or two, and so I abroad to my Lord Treasurer's (59) (sending my sister home by the coach), while I staid there by appointment to have met my Lord Bellasses (52) and Commissioners of Excise, but they did not meet me, he being abroad. However Mr. Finch, one of the Commissioners, I met there, and he and I walked two houres together in the garden, talking of many things; sometimes of Mr. Povy (52), whose vanity, prodigality, neglect of his business, and committing it to unfit hands hath undone him and outed him of all his publique employments, and the thing set on foot by an accidental revivall of a business, wherein he had three or fours years ago, by surprize, got the Duke of Yorke (32) to sign to the having a sum of money paid out of the Excise, before some that was due to him, and now the money is fallen short, and the Duke never likely to be paid. This being revived hath undone Povy (52). Then we fell to discourse of the Parliament, and the great men there: and among others, Mr. Vaughan (62), whom he reports as a man of excellent judgement and learning, but most passionate and 'opiniastre'. He had done himself the most wrong (though he values it not), that is, the displeasure of the King (36) in his standing so long against the breaking of the Act for a trienniall parliament; but yet do believe him to be a most loyall gentleman. He told me Mr. Prin's (66) character; that he is a man of mighty labour and reading and memory, but the worst judge of matters, or layer together of what he hath read, in the world; which I do not, however, believe him in; that he believes him very true to the King (36) in his heart, but can never be reconciled to episcopacy; that the House do not lay much weight upon him, or any thing he says. He told me many fine things, and so we parted, and I home and hard to work a while at the office and then home and till midnight about settling my last month's accounts wherein I have been interrupted by public business, that I did not state them two or three days ago, but I do now to my great joy find myself worth above £5600, for which the Lord's name be praised!

So with my heart full of content to bed. Newes come yesterday from Harwich, that the Dutch had appeared upon our coast with their fleete, and we believe did go to the Gun-fleete, and they are supposed to be there now; but I have heard nothing of them to-day. Yesterday Dr. Whistler, at Sir W. Pen's (45), told me that Alexander Broome, a the great song-maker, is lately dead.

Around 1660 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Thomas Wriothesley 4th Earl of Southampton 1607-1667 holding his Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1634 Gilbert Jackson Painter 1595-1648. Portrait of John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689. Around 1669 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse 1614-1689.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 27 September 1666. 27 Sep 1666. A very furious blowing night all the night; and my mind still mightily perplexed with dreams, and burning the rest of the town, and waking in much pain for the fleete. Up, and with my wife by coach as far as the Temple, and there she to the mercer's again, and I to look out Penny, my tailor, to speak for a cloak and cassock for my brother, who is coming to town; and I will have him in a canonical dress, that he may be the fitter to go abroad with me. I then to the Exchequer, and there, among other things, spoke to Mr. Falconbridge about his girle I heard sing at Nonsuch, and took him and some other 'Chequer men to the Sun Taverne, and there spent 2s. 6d. upon them, and he sent for the girle, and she hath a pretty way of singing, but hath almost forgot for want of practice. She is poor in clothes, and not bred to any carriage, but will be soon taught all, and if Mercer do not come again, I think we may have her upon better terms, and breed her to what we please.

Thence to Sir W. Coventry's (38), and there dined with him and Sir W. Batten (65), the Lieutenant of the Tower (51), and Mr. Thin, a pretty gentleman, going to Gottenburgh. Having dined, Sir W. Coventry (38), Sir W. Batten (65), and I walked into his closet to consider of some things more to be done in a list to be given to the Parliament of all our ships, and time of entry and discharge. Sir W. Coventry (38) seems to think they will soon be weary of the business, and fall quietly into the giving the King (36) what is fit. This he hopes.

Thence I by coach home to the office, and there intending a meeting, but nobody being there but myself and Sir J. Minnes (67), who is worse than nothing, I did not answer any body, but kept to my business in the office till night, and then Sir W. Batten (65) and Sir W. Pen (45) to me, and thence to Sir W. Batten's (65), and eat a barrel of oysters I did give them, and so home, and to bed. I have this evening discoursed with W. Hewer (24) about Mercer, I having a mind to have her again; and I am vexed to hear him say that she hath no mind to come again, though her mother hath. No newes of the fleete yet, but that they went by Dover on the 25th towards the Gunfleete, but whether the Dutch be yet abroad, or no, we hear not. De Ruyter (59) is not dead, but like to do well. Most think that the gross of the French fleete are gone home again.

Around 1662 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of John Robinson Lord Mayor of London 1st Baronet 1615-1680. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715. 1667. Ferdinand Bol 1616-1680. Portrait of Admiral Michiel de Ruyter 1607-1676.

Hadleigh, Essex

Hadleigh Castle, Essex

The Chronicles of Froissart Book 2 Richard II Chapter 92. 1397. The duke's (41) body was honourably embalmed at Calais, and put into a leaden coffin, with an outward one of wood, and transported in this state by sea to England. The vessel that carried the body landed at Hadleigh Castle on the Thames, and thence it was conveyed on a car, unattended, to his castle of Pleshy, and placed in the church which the duke had founded in honour of the Holy Trinity, with twelve canons to perform devoutly the divine service. In this church was the duke (41) buried. The duchess of Gloucester (31), her son Humphrey (16), and her two daughters, were sorely grieved when the body of the duke arrived. The duchess (31) had double cause of affliction, for the earl of Arundel (51), her uncle, had been publicly beheaded in Cheapside by orders of the king. No baron nor knight dared to interpose, nor advise the king to do otherwise, for he was himself present at the execution, which was performed by the earl's son-in-law, the earl-marshal (28), who bandaged his eyes.

Halstead, Essex

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

Hamperden End, Essex

Hartford End, Essex

The River Chelmer rises near River Chelmer from where it flows past Great Easton, Great Dunmow, Flitch Green, Hartford End, Howe Street, Little Waltham, Broomfield, around Chelmsford.

After Chelmsford the River Chelmer continues past Little Baddow, Ulting, Beeleigh Abbey Maldon, Maldon after which it joins the River_Blackwater.

Harwich

Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex

Hatfield Regis Priory Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex

In 1214 Aubrey Vere 2nd Earl Oxford 1163-1214 (51) died at Hatfield Regis Priory Hatfield Broad Oak. His brother Robert Vere 3rd Earl Oxford 1165-1221 (48) succeeded 3rd Earl Oxford 2C 1141. Isabel Bolebec Countess Oxford 1164-1245 (40) by marriage Countess Oxford.

On 25 Oct 1221 Robert Vere 3rd Earl Oxford 1165-1221 (56) died at Hatfield Regis Priory Hatfield Broad Oak. His son Hugh Vere 4th Earl Oxford 1208-1263 (13) succeeded 4th Earl Oxford 2C 1141.

Hatfield Chase, Essex

John Evelyn's Diary 02 June 1676. 02 Jun 1676. I went with my Lord Chamberlain (58) to see a garden, at Enfield town; thence, to Mr. Secretary Coventry's (48) lodge in the Chase. It is a very pretty place, the house commodious, the gardens handsome, and our entertainment very free, there being none but my Lord and myself. That which I most wondered at was, that, in the compass of twenty-five miles, yet within fourteen of London, there is not a house, barn, church, or building, besides three lodges. To this Lodge are three great ponds, and some few inclosures, the rest a solitary desert, yet stored with no less than 3,000 deer. These are pretty retreats for gentlemen, especially for those who are studious and lovers of privacy.

We returned in the evening by Hampstead, to see Lord Wotton's (33) house and garden (Bellsize House), built with vast expense by Mr. O'Neale (64), an Irish gentleman who married Lord Wotton's mother, Baroness Stanhope (67). The furniture is very particular for Indian cabinets, porcelain, and other solid and noble movables. The gallery very fine, the gardens very large, but ill kept, yet woody and chargeable. The soil a cold weeping clay, not answering the expense.

Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685. Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686.

Hatfield Peverel, Essex

The Great Road leaves Chelmsford along Sprinfield Road through Boreham, Hatfield Peverel, Witham, Kelvedon aka Canonium, Marks Tey where it was joined by Stane Street to Chichester before reaching Colchester aka Camulodunum.

Havering, Essex

Pirgo Havering, Essex

In 1570 Henry Denny 1540-1574 (30) and Elizabeth Grey were married at Pirgo Havering.

Havering atte Bower, Essex

On 04 Mar 1238 Joan Plantagenet Queen of Scotland 1210-1238 (27) died at Havering atte Bower. She was buried at Tarrant Abbey.

On 09 Feb 1321 Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 (15) and Isabel Despencer Countess Arundel 1312-1356 (9) were married at Havering atte Bower. They were half third cousins once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Countess Arundel Sussex.

On 10 Jun 1437 Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (67) died at Havering atte Bower.

Chronicle of Gregory 1437. Jul 1437. And the same yere dyde Quene Jane (67) a at Averyng at the Bowre, in Esex, in the monythe of Juylle, and she ys buryde at Cauntyrbury whythe hyr hosbonde, Kynge Harry the iiij (70) the.

Sible Hedingham, Essex

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

Hedingham Castle, Sible Hedingham, Essex

On 23 Apr 1408 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 was born to Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (22) and Alice Sergeaux Countess Oxford at Hedingham Castle.

On 10 Mar 1513 John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (70) died at Hedingham Castle. He was buried at Colne Priory. His nephew John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (13) succeeded 14th Earl Oxford 2C 1141.

In 1580 Frances Vere 1580-1609 was born to Geoffrey Vere and Elizabeth Hardkyn at Hedingham Castle.

In 1591 Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (40) sold Hedingham Castle to his father-in-law William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (70) in trust for his three daughters Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (15), Bridget Vere Baroness Norreys Rycote 1564-1631 (26) and Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (3) by his first wife Anne Cecil Countess Oxford 1556-1588 (34).

Around 1650 based on a work of 1575.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604. After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1609 Elizabeth Trentham Maid of Honour Countess Oxford -1612 purchased Hedingham Castle from her late husband's three daughters by his first wife so that Hedingham Castle remained in the estate of her son Henry Vere 18th Earl Oxford 1593-1625 (15).

Around 1625 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Vere 18th Earl Oxford 1593-1625.

Henham, Essex

In 1247 Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 was born to Walter Fitzrobert 1204-1258 (43) and Ida II Longespée 1222-1262 (25) at Henham. He a great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

In 1248 Ela Longespee Fitzrobert 1248-1297 was born to Walter Fitzrobert 1204-1258 (44) and Ida II Longespée 1222-1262 (26) at Henham. She a great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

In 1275 Christiana Fitzwalter Baroness Marshal 1275-1315 was born to Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (28) and Devorgille Burgh 1256-1284 (19) at Henham. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

Heybridge, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

High Beach, Essex

Holy Innocents Church High Beach, Essex

On 14 Sep 1879 Charles Baring Bishop of Durham 1807-1879 (72) died at Wimbledon. He was buried at Holy Innocents Church High Beach.

High Easter, Essex

In 1506 Geoffrey Gates 1506-1553 was born at High Easter.

On 22 Aug 1553 Geoffrey Gates 1506-1553 (47) died at High Easter.

The River Can rises at High Easter from where it flows past Clatterford End, Frambridge End, Chignall St James and Writtle to Chelmsford where it joins the River Chelmer.

Hornchurch, Essex

On 23 Jun 1666 Francis Prujean Physician 1593-1666 (73) died. He was buried at Hornchurch.

Howe Street, Essex

The River Chelmer rises near River Chelmer from where it flows past Great Easton, Great Dunmow, Flitch Green, Hartford End, Howe Street, Little Waltham, Broomfield, around Chelmsford.

After Chelmsford the River Chelmer continues past Little Baddow, Ulting, Beeleigh Abbey Maldon, Maldon after which it joins the River_Blackwater.

Ingatestone, Essex

The Great Road left London at Aldgate Gate after which it crossed the River Lea then continues to Gallows Corner, through Brentwood, Ingatestone, White's Place after which it reaches Caesaromagus aka Chelmsford.

The River Wid rises near Blackmore from where it flows past Swallows Cross, Mountnessing, Ingatestone, Margetting, Killigrews, Widford, to which it gives it name, to Writtle where it joins the River Can.

Isle of Dogs, Essex

Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 July 1665. 24 Jul 1665. And then up and home, and there dressed myself, and by appointment to Deptford, to Sir G. Carteret's (55), between six and seven o'clock, where I found him and my George Carteret 1st Baronet Metesches 1610-1680 (55) and Lady (63) almost ready, and by and by went over to the ferry, and took coach and six horses nobly for Dagenhams, himself and lady and their little daughter, Louisonne, and myself in the coach; where, when we come, we were bravely entertained and spent the day most pleasantly with the young ladies, and I so merry as never more. Only for want of sleep, and drinking of strong beer had a rheum in one of my eyes, which troubled me much. Here with great content all the day, as I think I ever passed a day in my life, because of the contentfulnesse of our errand, and the noblenesse of the company and our manner of going. But I find Mr. Carteret (24) yet as backward almost in his caresses, as he was the first day. !At night, about seven o'clock, took coach again; but, Lord! to see in what a pleasant humour Sir G. Carteret (55) hath been both coming and going; so light, so fond, so merry, so boyish (so much content he takes in this business), it is one of the greatest wonders I ever saw in my mind. But once in serious discourse he did say that, if he knew his son to be a debauchee, as many and, most are now-a-days about the Court, he would tell it, and my Lady Jem. should not have him; and so enlarged both he and she about the baseness and looseness of the Court, and told several stories of the Duke of Monmouth (16), and Richmond (26), and some great person, my Lord of Ormond's (54) second son (26), married to a Richard Butler 1st Earl Arran 1639-1685 (26) and lady (14) of extraordinary quality (fit and that might have been made a wife for the King (35) himself), about six months since, that this great person hath given the pox to———; and discoursed how much this would oblige the Kingdom if the King (35) would banish some of these great persons publiquely from the Court, and wished it with all their hearts.

We set out so late that it grew dark, so as we doubted the losing of our way; and a long time it was, or seemed, before we could get to the water-side, and that about eleven at night, where, when we come, all merry (only my eye troubled me, as I said), we found no ferryboat was there, nor no oares to carry us to Deptford. However, afterwards oares was called from the other side at Greenwich; but, when it come, a frolique, being mighty merry, took us, and there we would sleep all night in the coach in the Isle of Doggs. So we did, there being now with us my Lady Scott, and with great pleasure drew up the glasses, and slept till daylight, and then some victuals and wine being brought us, we ate a bit, and so up and took boat, merry as might be; and when come to Sir G. Carteret's (55), there all to bed.

Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685. Around 1668 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond 1639-1672. In 1715 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 1610-1688. Around 1647 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 1610-1688. Around 1678 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 1610-1688 in his Garter Robes. Before 10 Sep 1687 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 1610-1688. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

Diary of Samuel Pepys 31 July 1665. 31 Jul 1665. Up, and very betimes by six o'clock at Deptford, and there find Sir G. Carteret (55), and my Lady (63) ready to go: I being in my new coloured silk suit, and coat trimmed with gold buttons and gold broad lace round my hands, very rich and fine. By water to the Ferry, where, when we come, no coach there; and tide of ebb so far spent as the horse-boat could not get off on the other side the river to bring away the coach. So we were fain to stay there in the unlucky Isle of Doggs, in a chill place, the morning cool, and wind fresh, above two if not three hours to our great discontent. Yet being upon a pleasant errand, and seeing that it could not be helped, we did bear it very patiently; and it was worth my observing, I thought, as ever any thing, to see how upon these two scores, Sir G. Carteret (55), the most passionate man in the world, and that was in greatest haste to be gone, did bear with it, and very pleasant all the while, at least not troubled much so as to fret and storm at it. Anon the coach comes: in the mean time there coming a News thither with his horse to go over, that told us he did come from Islington this morning; and that Proctor the vintner of the Miter in Wood-street, and his son, are dead this morning there, of the plague; he having laid out abundance of money there, and was the greatest vintner for some time in London for great entertainments. We, fearing the canonicall hour would be past before we got thither, did with a great deal of unwillingness send away the license and wedding ring. So that when we come, though we drove hard with six horses, yet we found them gone from home; and going towards the church, met them coming from church, which troubled us. But, however, that trouble was soon over; hearing it was well done: they being both in their old cloaths; my Lord Crew (67) giving her, there being three coach fulls of them. The young lady mighty sad, which troubled me; but yet I think it was only her gravity in a little greater degree than usual. All saluted her, but I did not till my Lady Sandwich (40) did ask me whether I had saluted her or no.

So to dinner, and very merry we were; but yet in such a sober way as never almost any wedding was in so great families: but it was much better.

After dinner company divided, some to cards, others to talk. My Lady Sandwich (40) and I up to settle accounts, and pay her some money. And mighty kind she is to me, and would fain have had me gone down for company with her to Hinchingbroke; but for my life I cannot.

At night to supper, and so to talk; and which, methought, was the most extraordinary thing, all of us to prayers as usual, and the young bride and bridegroom (24) too and so after prayers, soberly to bed; only I got into the bridegroom's (24) chamber while he undressed himself, and there was very merry, till he was called to the bride's chamber, and into bed they went. I kissed the bride in bed, and so the curtaines drawne with the greatest gravity that could be, and so good night. But the modesty and gravity of this business was so decent, that it was to me indeed ten times more delightfull than if it had been twenty times more merry and joviall. Whereas I feared I must have sat up all night, we did here all get good beds, and I lay in the same I did before with Mr. Brisband, who is a good scholler and sober man; and we lay in bed, getting him to give me an account of home, which is the most delightfull talke a man can have of any traveller: and so to sleep. My eyes much troubled already with the change of my drink.

Thus I ended this month with the greatest joy that ever I did any in my life, because I have spent the greatest part of it with abundance of joy, and honour, and pleasant journeys, and brave entertainments, and without cost of money; and at last live to see the business ended with great content on all sides. This evening with Mr. Brisband, speaking of enchantments and spells; I telling him some of my charms; he told me this of his owne knowledge, at Bourdeaux, in France. The words these:

Voyci un Corps mort, [Behold, a dead body]

Royde come un Baston, [Still as a stone]

Froid comme Marbre, [Cold as marble]

Leger come un esprit, [Light as a spirit]

Levons to au nom de Jesus Christ. [We lift you in the name of Jesus Christ.]

He saw four little girles, very young ones, all kneeling, each of them, upon one knee; and one begun the first line, whispering in the eare of the next, and the second to the third, and the third to the fourth, and she to the first. Then the first begun the second line, and so round quite through, and, putting each one finger only to a boy that lay flat upon his back on the ground, as if he was dead; at the end of the words, they did with their four fingers raise this boy as high as they could reach, and he [Mr. Brisband] being there, and wondering at it, as also being afeard to see it, for they would have had him to have bore a part in saying the words, in the roome of one of the little girles that was so young that they could hardly make her learn to repeat the words, did, for feare there might be some sleight used in it by the boy, or that the boy might be light, call the cook of the house, a very lusty fellow, as Sir G. Carteret's (55) cook, who is very big, and they did raise him in just the same manner. This is one of the strangest things I ever heard, but he tells it me of his owne knowledge, and I do heartily believe it to be true. I enquired of him whether they were Protestant or Catholique girles; and he told me they were Protestant, which made it the more strange to me.

Thus we end this month, as I said, after the greatest glut of content that ever I had; only under some difficulty because of the plague, which grows mightily upon us, the last week being about 1700 or 1800 of the plague. My Lord Sandwich (40) at sea with a fleet of about 100 sail, to the Northward, expecting De Ruyter (58), or the Dutch East India fleet. My Lord Hinchingbrooke (17) coming over from France, and will meet his sister at Scott's-hall. Myself having obliged both these families in this business very much; as both my Lady, and Sir G. Carteret (55) and his Lady (63) do confess exceedingly, and the latter do also now call me cozen, which I am glad of. So God preserve us all friends long, and continue health among us.

In or before 1674. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Jemima Crew Countess Sandwich 1625-1674. Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672. 1667. Ferdinand Bol 1616-1680. Portrait of Admiral Michiel de Ruyter 1607-1676.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 17 December 1665. 17 Dec 1665. Lord's Day. After being trimmed word brought me that Mr. Cutler's coach is, by appointment, come to the Isle of Doggs for me, and so I over the water; and in his coach to Hackney, a very fine, cold, clear, frosty day. At his house I find him with a plain little dinner, good wine, and welcome. He is still a prating man; and the more I know him, the less I find in him. A pretty house he hath here indeed, of his owne building. His old mother was an object at dinner that made me not like it; and, after dinner, to visit his sicke wife I did not also take much joy in, but very friendly he is to me, not for any kindnesse I think he hath to any man, but thinking me, I perceive, a man whose friendship is to be looked after.

After dinner back again and to Deptford to Mr. Evelyn's (45), who was not within, but I had appointed my cozen Thos. Pepys of Hatcham to meet me there, to discourse about getting his £1000 of my Lord Sandwich (40), having now an opportunity of my having above that sum in my hands of his. I found this a dull fellow still in all his discourse, but in this he is ready enough to embrace what I counsel him to, which is, to write importunately to my Lord and me about it and I will look after it. I do again and again declare myself a man unfit to be security for such a sum. He walked with me as far as Deptford upper towne, being mighty respectfull to me, and there parted, he telling me that this towne is still very bad of the plague.

I walked to Greenwich first, to make a short visit to my Lord Bruncker (45), and next to Mrs. Penington and spent all the evening with her with the same freedom I used to have and very pleasant company. With her till one of the clock in the morning and past, and so to my lodging to bed, and

Around 1644. Robert Walker Painter 1599-1658. Portrait of John Evelyn 1620-1706. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of John Evelyn 1620-1706. Around 1650 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of John Evelyn 1620-1706.

Kelvedon, Essex

The Great Road leaves Chelmsford along Sprinfield Road through Boreham, Hatfield Peverel, Witham, Kelvedon aka Canonium, Marks Tey where it was joined by Stane Street to Chichester before reaching Colchester aka Camulodunum.

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Langford, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Langham, Essex

The Great Road leaves Colchester along the A12 passing Langham to Stratford St Mary where it crosses the Suffolk River Stour and make a change in direction before passing Capel St Mary. After Capl St Mary the road turns north following a direct parh past Sproughton, Bramford, Great Blakenham to Combretovium aka Baylham.

Leyton, Essex

Around 1552 Margaret Bourchier 1st Lady Bryan 1468-1552 (84) died at Leyton.

On 26 Aug 1722 George Carpenter 2nd Baron Carpenter 1695-1749 (27) and Elizabeth Petty Baroness Carpenter were married at Leyton.

St Mary's Church Leyton, Essex

On 15 Aug 1612 Michael Hicks 1543-1612 (68) died. He was buried in St Mary's Church Leyton.

Little Baddow, Essex

The River Chelmer rises near River Chelmer from where it flows past Great Easton, Great Dunmow, Flitch Green, Hartford End, Howe Street, Little Waltham, Broomfield, around Chelmsford.

After Chelmsford the River Chelmer continues past Little Baddow, Ulting, Beeleigh Abbey Maldon, Maldon after which it joins the River_Blackwater.

Little Braxted, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Little Dunmow, Essex

On 14 Jun 1464 Elizabeth Chidiock Baroness Cobham Sternborough 1404-1464 (60) died. She was buried at Little Dunmow.

Dunmow Priory Little Dunmow, Essex

In 1293 Walter Fitzrobert 1275-1293 (18) died at Dunmow Priory Little Dunmow.

Little Easton, Essex

St Mary's Church Little Easton, Essex

On 04 Apr 1483 Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (79) died. He was buried firstly in Beeleigh Abbey Maldon and thereafter St Mary's Church Little Easton. His grandson Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu -1540 succeeded 2nd Earl Essex 5C 1461, 3rd Count Eu, 2nd Viscount Bourchier, 6th Baron Bourchier.

In 1610 Henry Maynard of Estaines Parva (63) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Little Easton where there is a fine monument to him and his wife.

On 14 May 1615 William Maynard 1st Baron Maynard 1586-1640 (28) and Anne Everard Baroness Maynard 1594-1647 (21) were married at St Mary's Church Little Easton. They had 2 sons and 5 daughters.

Little Henham, Essex

Little Sampford, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Little Waltham, Essex

The River Chelmer rises near River Chelmer from where it flows past Great Easton, Great Dunmow, Flitch Green, Hartford End, Howe Street, Little Waltham, Broomfield, around Chelmsford.

After Chelmsford the River Chelmer continues past Little Baddow, Ulting, Beeleigh Abbey Maldon, Maldon after which it joins the River_Blackwater.

Low Leyton, Essex

On 04 Dec 1606 Charles Morrison 1587-1628 (19) and Mary Hicks Lady Cooper were married at Low Leyton.

Maldon

Margetting, Essex

Killigrews, Margetting, Essex

The River Wid rises near Blackmore from where it flows past Swallows Cross, Mountnessing, Ingatestone, Margetting, Killigrews, Widford, to which it gives it name, to Writtle where it joins the River Can.

Margetting, Essex

The River Wid rises near Blackmore from where it flows past Swallows Cross, Mountnessing, Ingatestone, Margetting, Killigrews, Widford, to which it gives it name, to Writtle where it joins the River Can.

White's Place, Margetting, Essex

The Great Road left London at Aldgate Gate after which it crossed the River Lea then continues to Gallows Corner, through Brentwood, Ingatestone, White's Place after which it reaches Caesaromagus aka Chelmsford.

Marks Tey, Essex

The Great Road leaves Chelmsford along Sprinfield Road through Boreham, Hatfield Peverel, Witham, Kelvedon aka Canonium, Marks Tey where it was joined by Stane Street to Chichester before reaching Colchester aka Camulodunum.

Mile End

Morley, Essex

Hallingbury Morley, Essex

On 24 Dec 1489 Elizabeth Pole Baroness Marshal Baroness Morley 1468-1489 (21) died in Hallingbury Morley.

On 23 Dec 1518 Alice Lovell 10th Baroness Marshal 9th Baroness Morley 1467-1518 (51) died at Hallingbury Morley. Her son Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal 10th Baron Morley 1481-1556 (37) succeeded 11th Baron Marshal, 10th Baron Morley. Alice St John Baroness Marshal Baroness Morley by marriage Baroness Marshal, Baron Morley.

Moulsham, Essex

Around 1521 Walter Mildmay 1521-1589 was born to Thomas Mildmay 1485-1566 (36) and Agnes Read -1557 at Moulsham. He was educated at Christ's College.

In 1540 Thomas Mildmay 1485-1566 (55) acquired the manor of Moulsham.

Letters of the Court of James I 1613 Reverend Thomas Lorkin to Sir Thomas Puckering Baronet 24 Jun 1613. 24 Jun 1613. London. Reverend Thomas Lorkin to Thomas Puckering 1st Baronet 1592-1637 (21).

If these letters did not assure you to the contrary, you might judge me dead; at least that some strange accident hath befallen me, who have kept so deep silence so long a time; for to imagine that either I could forget or neglect your so infinite merits towards me, were a censure too hard and rigorous once to enter into the conceit of so generous a disposition. None of these therefore have been the occasion, but only a mere necessity, first of drawing forth my journey into a longer tract than ever I propounded to myself, and then of making a farther abode in France, than at the beginning I intended, thereby to accommodate certain businesses of your brother [Note. brother-in-law] Newton's1, which began through my absence to grow into some untowardly disorder. But now that I am safely arrived here, I shall promise to dedicate myself wholly to your affairs, and will hope to improve my industry and diligence such as you shall find no fault to complain that ever you reposed in me that trust which you have done. Touching your design in the prince's' service, I had already communicated it with Mr. Newton, who giveth small encouragement of proceeding farther in it, at least till his highpess grow near upon the point of bis creation [as Prince of Wales], which is yet likely to hold us in expectance three years longer.

There hath been already some contestation had between your brother and Mr. Murray,2 the prince's tutor, touching the place of secretaryship, this man making it, as your brother formerly did, the chief end of his hopes; so that at length Mr. Newton hath been content to relinquish his right thereunto, upon condition to be made his highnesses Teceiver»general, which is like to be no less beneficial than the former. The mastership of his highness's horse hath divers competitors. Sir Thomas Howard is the most importunate suitor; and Ramsey, who is first escuyer to the prince, thinks it great wrong if he do not enjoy it. In the bedchamber, you know there are already two, Sir Robert Carey and Sir James Fullerton (50): David Murray sues to be the third, hoping by that means to recover himself of what he is so much cast behind in, having made a very weak and uncertain estate unto himself, notwithstanding all his former service. But he is like to meet with difficulty enough before be obtain it, notwithstanding all the furtherance he finds from Mr. Murray, his kinsman.

Among the grooms, Sandilands began the suit first, and had procured the king's grant for his present entrance into that charge: but this giving occasion to Gibb and Ramsey to do the like, their importunity hath been a means to revoke and cross that which the other made sure reckoning to have before fully effected for himself.

The first day of this next month the prince begins to keep house at Richmond, where Sir Arthur Mainwaring (33) and Sir Edward Varnam (23) (so I think they call him, for I am a bad treasurer-up of names) are like to exercise their former places, though they both sue to exchange them with being gentlemen of the privy-chamber. Mr. Alexander likewise shall be pat again into the possession of his. So shall Mr. Peter Newton and his fellow Shaw also. Few others shall be admitted above stairs at this present; and for them below, the first clerks in every office shall execute their proper charge as before.

The great places of the court are not yet disposed of. The manifest faction which is between the family of the Howards on the one side, and the Earl of Southampton (39) and Viscount Rochester (26) on the other, is supposed to be the cause thereof. For the treasurership, the general voice confers it still upon Northampton (73), as it did that of the secretaryship upon Sir Harry Neville; though, for this latter, I suppose his hopes quite dashed; for merely depending upon my Lord Rochester (26), he wants not opposition; and then, besides, Overbury (32) being fallen into disgrace3, he is thereby deprived of his best instrument. The most likely man to carry it, in the judgment of those who are not al- together unacquainted with those businesses, is Sir Charles Cornwallis, late treasurer to the prince deceased, who is reported very sufficient for foreign affairs: and with him it is thought shall be joined Sir Thomas Luke, though in a far meaner condition than were their predecessors, by reason of the lord treasurer's present greatness.

There hath lately come forth a proclamation against one Cotton, a west-country gentleman and a great recusant, charging him with high treason against the king and State, for having published a very scandalous and railing book against his majesty; and promising a very large reward to whosoever could apprehend him and bring him in. At the very self-same time, this Cotton being to cross the Thames, and inquiring of the watermen what news, they, not know- ing the man, told him what was newly happened concern- ing himself. Whereupon being landed, he muffled himself in his cloak, thinking thereby to pass unknown to any of his acquaintance that he might haply meet. But he had not passed thence many paces, when one Maine, a follower sometimes of the late Lord of Devonshire, and a sure friend of his meeting him in the street and discovering well what he was, [warned] him likewise of danger, with protestation nevertheless not to make any benefit of the discovery of his friend, but wishing him to provide for his own safety. Thereupon Cotton demanding his opinion what he thought fittest to be done, he advised him to submit himself to the king's mercy: whose counsel he followed, and presently went and surrendered himself into my Lord of South* ampton's hands, and so rests at his majesty's mercy.

Your brother Newton, Mr. Southcot, and one Mr. Wood, have all, jointly together, lately obtained letters-patents for the putting in practice of an invention of the said Wood's, who by steeping all kind of com and grain in a certain liquor, undertakes thereby to render it more fruitful with five shillings' cost, than would ever have been before done with forty. They are now very busy in projecting a course for the [spread]ing of it throughout the realm, and hope to reap no small profit and advantage by it. When that is settled, your brother meaneth to make a journey to Durham4, whither Sir Thomas Grantham and his lady purpose to accompany him. He despatches away before great store of provision by sea, both of wine, beer, and divers other commodities, and means to be at the charge of a very honourable entertainment. Only Mrs. Newton stays behind, being hindered by a very happy occasion, finding herself quick with child.

Sir Thomas Mildmay5 keeps Whitehall close, not daring to venture abroad, for Sir John Wentworth's debt. He intends [to sell] Moulsham away shortly, and so to procure his own liberty.

About four or five days since, the Duke of Savoy's (51) ambassador took his leave, who hath been here honoured with a very royal entertainment. The occasion of his ambassage, I suppose, is well enough known unto you, namely, to treat of a second motion of marriage between our prince and one of the daughters of Savoy. His offers are very great, and such as none other cometh near to. His wars upon the Duke of Mantua do, in a manner, furnish the whole subject to the Frenchmen's discourse. To write anything of them, I hold it needless; for, being much nearer, you cannot but understand those things likewise, much better than myself. Only I shall, in a word or two, inform you in how doubtful a deliberation the state of France stands, touching those affairs. The Prince of Conde (24) and the Duke of Bouillon press both very earnestly for the relief of the Mantuan against the Savoyard. The Duke d'Espemon, on the contrary, travaileth all he may to overthrow and hinder it. And not long since, this point being debated in open council. Monsieur le Prince, in the heat of his contestation with the said duke, spared not to tell him that there was now carried so much respect to the affairs of Spain, as in the mean time they quite forgot that natural affection which they owed unto France, threatening therewithal that, in case they continued to reject the wholesome counsel which he gave in a matter of that importance, he would go and make his protestations to the Court of Parliament. It is that which keeps the adverse part somewhat in bridle, though yet the queen seems rather inclined to authorize the advice of the others than his. For, as touching the little aid which the Chevalier de Guise hath lately carried over, it is rather by permission than any commission from the queen, and is wholly composed of mere voluntaries.

The Duke de Vendome having lately retired himself from court to a certain house of his, not far from Paris upon a discontentment taken in the behalf and favour of the Prince of Conde (24), and there threatening never to return again so long as the regency of this queen lasteth; the queen, being advertised thereof presently, sent and con- fined him to his house. But the said duke, not able to brook any such confinement, contrary to the queen's in- junction, made a journey into Bretagne, and there put himself into a very strong castle, named Ansenis. Where- upon, the queen presently despatched Monsieur de la Yarenne towards him, to command him to return; and, in case of his refusal, threatened to deprive him of his goyemment. The duke thereto made a very humble and submissive answer, yet no way disposes himself to obey her commandment Hereupon, the queen hath renewed it a second time by letters; but these are thought will as little avail as the former. And yet, nevertheless, the Prince of Conde (24), employing himself very earnestly in favour of the said duke, it is not like that there will be any rigorous proceeding against him, as is threatened.

Note 1. Adam Newton, Esq. He is styled by Dr. Thomas Smith, "Vitre quorandam eruditise et illost. virorim," printed in 4to., in 1707, vir elegantissimi ingenii."

Note 2. This appears to refer to Mr. Thomas Murray, who was tutor to the Duke of York, Charles I (12).

Note 3. He had ventored to remonstrate with the favourite (26) respecting hie intimacy with the Countess of Essex (23).

Note 4. See the letter of August 12. Mr. Newton was, as we have stated, Dean of Durham, though a layman: such an appointment being allowable at this period.

Note 5. Knighted by King James I., at his majesty's arrival at Whitehall from Scotland, July 23, 1603, and created a baronet, Jane 29, 1611.

Around 1603 John Critz 1551-1642. Portrait of Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624. The Latin inscription 'In vinculis invictus' ( In 1618 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624. Around 1628 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (copy from original). Portrait of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset 1587-1645. 1624. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton 1540-1614. In 1611 Robert In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. Around 1615 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset 1590-1632.

Mountnessing, Essex

In 1545 Henry Wentworth 1496-1545 (49) died at Mountnessing.

The River Wid rises near Blackmore from where it flows past Swallows Cross, Mountnessing, Ingatestone, Margetting, Killigrews, Widford, to which it gives it name, to Writtle where it joins the River Can.

Newport, Essex

Diary of Samuel Pepys 08 October 1667. 08 Oct 1667. Up pretty betimes, though not so soon as we intended, by reason of Murford's not rising, and then not knowing how to open our door, which, and some other pleasant simplicities of the fellow, did give occasion to us to call him. Sir Martin Marrall, and W. Hewer (25) being his helper and counsellor, we did call him, all this journey, Mr. Warner, which did give us good occasion of mirth now and then.

At last, rose, and up, and broke our fast, and then took coach, and away, and at Newport did call on Mr. Lowther (26), and he and his friend, and the master of the house, their friend, where they were, a gentleman, did presently get a-horseback and overtook us, and went with us to Audley-End, and did go along with us all over the house and garden: and mighty merry we were. The house indeed do appear very fine, but not so fine as it hath heretofore to me; particularly the ceilings are not so good as I always took them to be, being nothing so well wrought as my Chancellor's (58) are; and though the figure of the house without be very extraordinary good, yet the stayre-case is exceeding poor; and a great many pictures, and not one good one in the house but one of Harry the Eighth, done by Holben; and not one good suit of hangings in all the house, but all most ancient things, such as I would not give the hanging-up of in my house; and the other furniture, beds and other things, accordingly1. Only the gallery is good, and, above all things, the cellars, where we went down and drank of much good liquor; and indeed the cellars are fine: and here my wife and I did sing to my great content.

And then to the garden, and there eat many grapes, and took some with us and so away thence, exceeding well satisfied, though not to that degree that, by my old esteem of the house, I ought and did expect to have done, the situation of it not pleasing me. Here we parted with Lowther (26) and his friends, and away to Cambridge, it being foul, rainy weather, and there did take up at the Rose, for the sake of Mrs. Dorothy Drawwater, the vintner's daughter, which is mentioned in the play of Sir Martin Marrall. Here we had a good chamber, and bespoke a good supper; and then I took my wife, and W. Hewer (25), and Willet, it holding up a little, and shewed them Trinity College and St. John's Library, and went to King's College Chapel, to see the outside of it only; and so to our inne, and with much pleasure did this, they walking in their pretty morning gowns, very handsome, and I proud to find myself in condition to do this; and so home to our lodging, and there by and by, to supper, with much good sport, talking with the Drawers concerning matters of the town, and persons whom I remember, and so, after supper, to cards; and then to bed, lying, I in one bed, and my wife and girl in another, in the same room, and very merry talking together, and mightily pleased both of us with the girl. Saunders, the only violin in my time, is, I hear, dead of the plague in the late plague there.

1. Mr. George T. Robinson, F.S.A., in a paper on "Decorative Plaster Work", read before the Society of Arts in April, 1891, refers to the ceilings at Audley End as presenting an excellent idea of the state of the stuccoer's art in the middle of James I's reign, and adds, "Few houses in England can show so fine a series of the same date ... The great hall has medallions in the square portions of the ceiling formed by its dividing timber beams. The large saloon on the principal floor-a room about 66 feet long by 30 feet wide-has a very remarkable ceiling of the pendentive type, which presents many peculiarities, the most notable of which, that these not only depend from the ceiling, but the outside ones spring from the walls in a natural and structural manner. This is a most unusual circumstance in the stucco work of the time, the reason for the omission of this reasonable treatment evidently being the unwillingness of the stuccoer to omit his elaborate frieze in which he took such delight" ("Journal Soc. of Arts", vol. xxxix., p. 449).

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

North Ockendon, Essex

Around 1445 John Poyntz 1445- was born to Henry Poyntz 1415- (30) at North Ockendon.

In 1592 Audrey Poyntz Lady Littleton 1592-1648 was born to Thomas Poyntz 1569-1597 (22) at North Ockendon.

On 25 Mar 1648 Audrey Poyntz Lady Littleton 1592-1648 (56) died. She was buried at North Ockendon.

Ongar, Essex

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1553. 13 Aug 1553. The xiij day (of) August dyd pryche at Powlles crosse doctur [Bourn] parsun of hehnger, in Essex, the qwen('s) chaplen, and ther [was a] gret up-rore and showtyng at ys sermon, as yt [were] lyke madpepull, watt yonge pepell and woman [as] ever was hard, as herle-borle, and castyng up of capes; [if] my lord mer and my lord Cortenay (26) ad not ben ther, ther had bene grett myscheyff done.

Around 1555. Attributed Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564 of the English School. Portrait of Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1561. 09 Apr 1561. The ix day of Aprell dyd pryche at sant Mare spyttell master Colle the parsun of Hehonger in Essex.

Diary of Henry Machyn April 1563. 13 Apr 1563. The xiij day of Aprell dyd pryche at sant Mare spyttyll tuwysday in Ester weeke master Colle parsun of Hehenger in Essex and (dean elect) of Norwyche, and my lord mare (54) and ij juges and the althermen and byshopes, with all the masturs of the hospetall and the chylderyn.

Pirgo, Essex

In 1559 Margaret Grey 1559-1604 was born to John Grey 1524-1564 (35) and Mary Browne at Pirgo.

On 07 Jan 1570 Thomas Cheeke 1570-1659 was born to Henry Cheeke 1548-1586 (22) and Frances Radclyffe 1545-1585 (25). at Pirgo.

Pleshey

Purleigh, Essex

On 01 Feb 1632 John Washington 1632-1677 was born to Lawrence Washington 1602-1653 (30) and Amphilis Twigden 1609-1654 (23) at Purleigh.

Quendon, Essex

On 27 Aug 1236 Maud Mandeville Countess Hereford 1177-1236 (59) died in Quendon.

Radwinter, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Raleigh, Essex

Around 1111 Ralph Essex 1111-1157 was born at Raleigh.

Rayne, Essex

In 1579 Henry Capell 1579-1622 was born to Arthur Capell 1557-1632 (22) and Margaret Grey 1559-1604 (20) at Rayne.

On 29 Apr 1622 Henry Capell 1579-1622 (43) died at Rayne.

Redbridge, Essex

Wanstead, Redbridge, Essex

Diary of Samuel Pepys 14 May 1665. 14 May 1665. After dinner my wife and she and Mercer to Thomas Pepys's wife's christening of his first child, and I took a coach, and to Wanstead, the house where Sir H. Mildmay (72) died, and now Sir Robert Brookes (28) lives, having bought it of the Duke of Yorke (31), it being forfeited to him. A fine seat, but an old-fashioned house; and being not full of people looks desolately.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II.

On 29 May 1750 Richard Child aka Tylney 1st Earl Tylney 1680-1780 (70) was buried at Wanstead.

Church of St Mary the Virgin Wanstead, Redbridge, Essex

On or before 05 Feb 1680 Richard Child aka Tylney 1st Earl Tylney 1680-1780 was born to Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 (48) and Emma Barnard 1646-1725 (34). He was baptised on 05 Feb 1680 at the Church of St Mary the Virgin Wanstead.

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699.

Wansted House, Wanstead, Redbridge, Essex

On 26 Dec 1605 Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (42) and Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (42) were married at Wansted House during a service conducted by William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645 (32) (future) They were third cousins. The marriage was regarded as uncanonical and resulted in the disgrace of both parties, who were banished from King James I's court circles. She by marriage Countess Devonshire.

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645. Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645. Wearing a black Chimere over his white Rochet.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 19 April 1667. 19 Apr 1667. Up, and to the office all the morning, doing a great deal of business.

At noon to dinner betimes, and then my wife and I by coach to the Duke's house, calling at Lovett's, where I find my Baroness Castlemayne's (26) picture not yet done, which has lain so many months there, which vexes me, but I mean not to trouble them more after this is done.

So to the playhouse, not much company come, which I impute to the heat of the weather, it being very hot. Here we saw "Macbeth",1 which, though I have seen it often, yet is it one of the best plays for a stage, and variety of dancing and musique, that ever I saw.

So being very much pleased, thence home by coach with young Goodyer and his own sister, who offered us to go in their coach. A good-natured youth I believe he is, but I fear will mind his pleasures too much. She is pretty, and a modest, brown girle.

Set us down, so my wife and I into the garden, a fine moonshine evening, and there talking, and among other things she tells me that she finds by W. Hewer (25) that my people do observe my minding my pleasure more than usual, which I confess, and am ashamed of, and so from this day take upon me to leave it till Whit-Sunday. While we were sitting in the garden comes Mrs. Turner (44) to advise about her son, the Captain, when I did give her the best advice I could, to look out for some land employment for him, a peace being at hand, when few ships will be employed and very many, and these old Captains, to be provided for. Then to other talk, and among the rest about Sir W. Pen's (45) being to buy Wansted House of Sir Robert Brookes (30), but has put him off again, and left him the other day to pay for a dinner at a tavern, which she says our parishioner, Mrs. Hollworthy, talks of; and I dare be hanged if ever he could mean to buy that great house, that knows not how to furnish one that is not the tenth part so big.

Thence I to my chamber to write a little, and then to bed, having got a mighty cold in my right eare and side of my throat, and in much trouble with it almost all the night.

1. See November 5th, 1664. Downes wrote: "The Tragedy of Macbeth, alter'd by Sir William Davenant (61); being drest in all it's finery, as new cloaths, new scenes, machines as flyings for the Witches; with all the singing and dancing in it. The first compos'd by Mr. Lock, the other by Mr. Channell and Mr. Joseph Preist; it being all excellently perform'd, being in the nature of an opera, it recompenc'd double the expence; it proves still a lasting play".

Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 01 May 1667. 01 May 1667. Up, it being a fine day, and after doing a little business in my chamber I left my wife to go abroad with W. Hewer (25) and his mother in a Hackney coach incognito to the Park, while I abroad to the Excise Office first, and there met the Cofferer (63) and Sir Stephen Fox (40) about our money matters there, wherein we agreed, and so to discourse of my Lord Treasurer (60), who is a little better than he was of the stone, having rested a little this night. I there did acquaint them of my knowledge of that disease, which I believe will be told my Lord Treasurer (60).

Thence to Westminster; in the way meeting many milk-maids with their garlands upon their pails, dancing with a fiddler before them1 and saw pretty Nelly (17) standing at her lodgings' door in Drury-lane in her smock sleeves and bodice, looking upon one: she seemed a mighty pretty creature. To the Hall and there walked a while, it being term. I thence home to the Rose, and then had Doll Lane venir para me.... [Missing text: 'but it was in a lugar mighty ouvert, so as we no poda hazer algo; so parted and then met again at the Swan, where for la misma reason we no pode hazer, but put off to recontrar anon, which I only used as a put-off;']. To my Lord Crew's (69), where I found them at dinner, and among others. Mrs. Bocket, which I have not seen a long time, and two little dirty children, and she as idle a prating and impertinent woman as ever she was.

After dinner my Lord took me alone and walked with me, giving me an account of the meeting of the Commissioners for Accounts, whereof he is one. How some of the gentlemen, Garraway (50), Littleton (46), and others, did scruple at their first coming there, being called thither to act, as Members of Parliament, which they could not do by any authority but that of Parliament, and therefore desired the King's direction in it, which was sent for by my Lord Bridgewater (43), who brought answer, very short, that the King (36) expected they should obey his Commission. Then they went on, and observed a power to be given them of administering and framing an oath, which they thought they could not do by any power but Act of Parliament; and the whole Commission did think fit to have the judges' opinion in it; and so, drawing up their scruples in writing, they all attended the King (36), who told them he would send to the judges to be answered, and did so; who have, my Lord tells me, met three times about it, not knowing what answer to give to it; and they have met this week, doing nothing but expecting the solution of the judges in this point. My Lord tells me he do believe this Commission will do more hurt than good; it may undo some accounts, if these men shall think fit; but it can never clear an account, for he must come into the Exchequer for all this. Besides, it is a kind of inquisition that hath seldom ever been granted in England; and he believes it will never, besides, give any satisfaction to the People or Parliament, but be looked upon as a forced, packed business of the King (36), especially if these Parliament-men that are of it shall not concur with them: which he doubts they will not, and, therefore, wishes much that the King (36) would lay hold of this fit occasion, and let the Commission fall.

Then to talk of my Lord Sandwich (41), whom my Lord Crew (69) hath a great desire might get to be Lord Treasurer (60) if the present Lord should die, as it is believed he will, in a little time; and thinks he can have no competitor but my Lord Arlington (49), who, it is given out, desires it: but my Lord thinks it is not so, for that the being Secretary do keep him a greater interest with the King (36) than the other would do at least, do believe, that if my Lord would surrender him his Wardrobe place, it would be a temptation to Arlington (49) to assist my Lord in getting the Treasurer's. I did object to my Lord [Crew] (69) that it would be no place of content, nor safety, nor honour for my Lord, the State being so indigent as it is, and the [King] so irregular, and those about him, that my Lord must be forced to part with anything to answer his warrants; and that, therefore, I do believe the King (36) had rather have a man that may be one of his vicious caball, than a sober man that will mind the publick, that so they may sit at cards and dispose of the revenue of the Kingdom. This my Lord was moved at, and said he did not indeed know how to answer it, and bid me think of it; and so said he himself would also do. He do mightily cry out of the bad management of our monies, the King (36) having had so much given him; and yet, when the Parliament do find that the King (36) should have £900,000 in his purse by the best account of issues they have yet seen, yet we should report in the Navy a debt due from the King (36) of £900,000; which, I did confess, I doubted was true in the first, and knew to be true in the last, and did believe that there was some great miscarriages in it: which he owned to believe also, saying, that at this rate it is not in the power of the Kingdom to make a war, nor answer the King's wants.

Thence away to the King's playhouse, by agreement met Sir W. Pen (46), and saw "Love in a Maze" but a sorry play: only Lacy's (52) clowne's part, which he did most admirably indeed; and I am glad to find the rogue at liberty again. Here was but little, and that ordinary, company. We sat at the upper bench next the boxes; and I find it do pretty well, and have the advantage of seeing and hearing the great people, which may be pleasant when there is good store. Now was only Prince Rupert (47) and my Lord Lauderdale (50), and my Lord, the naming of whom puts me in mind of my seeing, at Sir Robert Viner's (36), two or three great silver flagons, made with inscriptions as gifts of the King (36) to such and such persons of quality as did stay in town the late great plague, for the keeping things in order in the town, which is a handsome thing. But here was neither Hart (41), Nell (17), nor Knipp; therefore, the play was not likely to please me.

Thence Sir W. Pen (46) and I in his coach, Tiburne way, into the Park, where a horrid dust, and number of coaches, without pleasure or order. That which we, and almost all went for, was to see my Lady Newcastle (44); which we could not, she being followed and crowded upon by coaches all the way she went, that nobody could come near her; only I could see she was in a large black coach, adorned with silver instead of gold, and so white curtains, and every thing black and white, and herself in her cap, but other parts I could not make [out]. But that which I did see, and wonder at with reason, was to find Pegg Pen (16) in a new coach, with only her husband's (26) pretty sister (18) with her, both patched and very fine, and in much the finest coach in the park, and I think that ever I did see one or other, for neatness and richness in gold, and everything that is noble. My Baroness Castlemayne (26), the King (36), my Lord St. Albans (62), nor Mr. Jermyn, have so neat a coach, that ever I saw.

And, Lord! to have them have this, and nothing else that is correspondent, is to me one of the most ridiculous sights that ever I did see, though her present dress was well enough; but to live in the condition they do at home, and be abroad in this coach, astonishes me. When we had spent half an hour in the Park, we went out again, weary of the dust, and despairing of seeing my Lady Newcastle (44); and so back the same way, and to St. James's, thinking to have met my Lady Newcastle (44) before she got home, but we staying by the way to drink, she got home a little before us: so we lost our labours, and then home; where we find the two young ladies come home, and their patches off, I suppose Sir W. Pen (46) do not allow of them in his sight, and going out of town to-night, though late, to Walthamstow.

So to talk a little at Sir W. Batten's (66), and then home to supper, where I find Mrs. Hewer and her son, who have been abroad with my wife in the Park, and so after supper to read and then to bed.

Sir W. Pen (46) did give me an account this afternoon of his design of buying Sir Robert Brooke's (30) fine house at Wansted; which I so wondered at, and did give him reasons against it, which he allowed of: and told me that he did intend to pull down the house and build a less, and that he should get £1500 by the old house, and I know not what fooleries. But I will never believe he ever intended to buy it, for my part; though he troubled Mr. Gawden to go and look upon it, and advise him in it.

1. On the 1st of May milkmaids used to borrow silver cups, tankards, &c., to hang them round their milkpails, with the addition of flowers and ribbons, which they carried upon their heads, accompanied by a bagpipe or fiddle, and went from door to door, dancing before the houses of their customers, in order to obtain a small gratuity from each of them. "In London thirty years ago, When pretty milkmaids went about, It was a goodly sight to see Their May-day pageant all drawn out. "Such scenes and sounds once blest my eyes And charm'd my ears; but all have vanish'd, On May-day now no garlands go, For milkmaids and their dance are banish'd". Hone's Every-Day Book, vol. i., pp. 569, 570.

Before 1725. John James Baker Painter -1725. Portrait of Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716. Around 1660 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Thomas Wriothesley 4th Earl of Southampton 1607-1667 holding his Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Before 08 Oct 1699 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Nell Gwyn Actor 1650-1687. Around1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Nell Gwyn Actor 1650-1687. Before 14 Nov 1687 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Nell Gwyn Actor 1650-1687. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672. Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the Prince Rupert, Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 and Colonel William Murray. Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1672 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert. Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Thomas Hales 3rd Baronet Hales 1695-1762 and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Ham House Ham Richmond. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Robert Vyner Banker 1st Baronet 1631-1688 and Mary Whitchurch Lady Vyner -1674 and their children.

On 07 Oct 1813 William Richard Arthur Pole Tylney Long Wellesley 5th Earl Mornington 1813-1863 was born to William Pole Tylney Long Wellesley 4th Earl Mornington 1788-1857 (25) and Catherine "The Wiltshire Heiress" Tylney Long 1789-1825 (24) at Wansted House.

Wanstead Manor, Redbridge, Essex

In 1673 Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699 (41) purchased Wanstead Manor from the executors of Robert Brooke 1637-1669 (36).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Josiah Child Merchant 1631-1699.

Rettendon, Essex

All Saints Church Rettendon, Essex

In 1837 Bishop James Bowstead 1801-1843 (36) was appointed Rector of All Saints Church Rettendon.

Before 11 Oct 1843. Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of Bishop James Bowstead 1801-1843.

Rickling, Essex

On 19 Apr 1197 Beatrice Mandeville 1105-1197 (92) died at Rickling.

Rochford, Essex

On 12 Jun 1567 Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich 1497-1567 (70) died at Rochford. His son Robert Rich 2nd Baron Rich Leez 1537-1581 (30) succeeded 2nd Baron Rich Leez. Elizabeth Baldry Baroness Rich Leez 1537-1591 (29) by marriage Baroness Rich Leez.

Romford, Essex

Around 1480 Giles Capell of Rayne Hall 1480-1556 was born to William Capell Lord Mayor 1446-1515 (34) and Margaret Arundell 1456-1519 (24) at Romford.

Gidea Hall, Romford, Essex

In 1467 Thomas Cooke -1478 commissioned the building of Gidea Hall. It was completed by his descendant Anthony Cooke 1504-1576.

In 1578 Anne Russell 2nd Marchioness Worcester 1578-1639 was born to John Russell 1553-1584 (25) and Elizabeth Cooke 1527-1609 (51) at Gidea Hall.

In 1467 Thomas Cooke -1478 was charged with high treason for lending money to Margaret, the queen of the deposed Lancastrian King Henry VI, on the strength of a confession of a statement obtained under torture from one Hawkins. Chief Justice Markham directed the jury to find it only misprision of treason, whereby Cooke's lands and life were saved, though he was heavily fined and long imprisoned. While awaiting his trial in the Tower his effects, both at his town house and at Gidea Hall, were seized by Lord Rivers, then treasurer of England, and his wife was committed to the custody of the mayor. On his acquittal he was sent to the Bread Street compter, and afterwards to the king's bench, and was kept there until he paid eight thousand pounds to the king and eight hundred pounds to the queen. Lord Rivers and his wife, the Duchess of Bedford, also obtained the dismissal of Markham from his office for having determined that Cooke was not guilty of treason.

Saffron Walden, Essex

On 23 Dec 1513 Unknown Smith 1513-1577 was born at Saffron Walden.

On 30 Apr 1544 Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden 1488-1544 (56) died. He was buried at Saffron Walden. Baron Audley Walden in Essex extinct.

In 1569 Unknown Painter. Posthumous portrait of Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden 1488-1544.

On 19 Dec 1563 William "Belted" Howard 1563-1640 was born to Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (27) and Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (23) at Saffron Walden.

In 1563 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572. In 1562 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564. The Arms top left not Audley. Neither is the motto partially showing.

On 13 Aug 1582 Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk 1582-1640 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (20) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (18) at Saffron Walden.

In 1598 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626. Around 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619. Portrait of Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638.

On 08 Oct 1587 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire 1587-1669 was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (26) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (23) at Saffron Walden.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 27 February 1660. 27 Feb 1660. Monday. Up by four o'clock, and after I was ready, took my leave of my father (59), whom I left in bed, and the same of my brother John (19), to whom I gave 10s. Mr. Blayton and I took horse and straight to Saffron Walden, where at the White Hart, we set up our horses, and took the master of the house to shew us Audley End House, who took us on foot through the park, and so to the house, where the housekeeper shewed us all the house, in which the stateliness of the ceilings, chimney-pieces, and form of the whole was exceedingly worth seeing. He took us into the cellar, where we drank most admirable drink, a health to the King (29). Here I played on my flageolette, there being an excellent echo. He shewed us excellent pictures; two especially, those of the four Evangelists and Henry VIII. After that I gave the man 2s. for his trouble, and went back again. In our going, my landlord carried us through a very old hospital or almshouse, where forty poor people was maintained; a very old foundation; and over the chimney in the mantelpiece was an inscription in brass: "Orate pre anima Thomae Bird", &c.; and the poor box also was on the same chimney-piece, with an iron door and locks to it, into which I put 6d. They brought me a draft of their drink in a brown bowl, tipt with silver, which I drank off, and at the bottom was a picture of the Virgin and the child in her arms, done in silver. So we went to our Inn, and after eating of something, and kissed the daughter of the house, she being very pretty, we took leave, and so that night, the road pretty good, but the weather rainy to Eping, where we sat and played a game at cards, and after supper, and some merry talk with a plain bold maid of the house, we went to bed.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

Walden Abbey and Priory, Saffron Walden, Essex

Waldon Priory Waldon, Walden Abbey and Priory, Saffron Walden, Essex

Around 1166 Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex -1166 died. Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex -1166 was buried at Waldon Priory Waldon. His brother William Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex Count Aumale -1189 succeeded 2nd Earl Essex 1C 1139.

White Hart Saffron Walden, Essex

Diary of Samuel Pepys 27 February 1660. 27 Feb 1660. Monday. Up by four o'clock, and after I was ready, took my leave of my father (59), whom I left in bed, and the same of my brother John (19), to whom I gave 10s. Mr. Blayton and I took horse and straight to Saffron Walden, where at the White Hart, we set up our horses, and took the master of the house to shew us Audley End House, who took us on foot through the park, and so to the house, where the housekeeper shewed us all the house, in which the stateliness of the ceilings, chimney-pieces, and form of the whole was exceedingly worth seeing. He took us into the cellar, where we drank most admirable drink, a health to the King (29). Here I played on my flageolette, there being an excellent echo. He shewed us excellent pictures; two especially, those of the four Evangelists and Henry VIII. After that I gave the man 2s. for his trouble, and went back again. In our going, my landlord carried us through a very old hospital or almshouse, where forty poor people was maintained; a very old foundation; and over the chimney in the mantelpiece was an inscription in brass: "Orate pre anima Thomae Bird", &c.; and the poor box also was on the same chimney-piece, with an iron door and locks to it, into which I put 6d. They brought me a draft of their drink in a brown bowl, tipt with silver, which I drank off, and at the bottom was a picture of the Virgin and the child in her arms, done in silver. So we went to our Inn, and after eating of something, and kissed the daughter of the house, she being very pretty, we took leave, and so that night, the road pretty good, but the weather rainy to Eping, where we sat and played a game at cards, and after supper, and some merry talk with a plain bold maid of the house, we went to bed.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II

Widdington Saffron Walden, Essex

Amberden Hall Widdington Saffron Walden, Essex

In Jul 1216 Robert Mortimer Woodham 1169-1216 (47) died at Amberden Hall Widdington Saffron Walden.

Sawston, Essex

In 1602 Henry Hastings 1578-1649 (24) and Dorothy Huddlestone 1576- (26) were married at Sawston.

Sewards End, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Shalford, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Shalford Green, Essex

The River Brain rises near Great Bardfield where it is known as Pods Brook. From there it flows past Shalford Green through Braintree Essex, past White Notley and Witham after which it joins the River Pant aka Blackwater.

St Osyth's, Essex

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Henry I Beauclerc 1123. 1123. Soon after this sent the king (55) his writ over all England, and bade all his bishops and his abbots and his thanes, that they should come to his wittenmoot on Candlemas day at Glocester to meet him: and they did so. When they were there gathered together, then the king (55) bade them, that they should choose for themselves an Archbishop of Canterbury, whomsoever they would, and he would confirm it. Then spoke the bishops among themselves, and said that they never more would have a man of the monastic order as archbishop over them. And they went all in a body to the king (55), and earnestly requested that they might choose from the clerical order whomsoever they would for archbishop. And the king (55) granted it to them. This was all concerted before, through the Bishop of Salisbury, and through the Bishop of Lincoln ere he was dead; for that they never loved the rule of monks, but were ever against monks and their rule. And the prior and the monks of Canterbury, and all the other persons of the monastic order that were there, withstood it full two days; but it availed nought: for the Bishop of Salisbury was strong, and wielded all England, and opposed them with all his power and might. Then chose they a clerk, named William of Curboil. He was canon of a monastery called Chiche. (148) And they brought him before the king (55); and the king (55) gave him the archbishopric. And all the bishops received him: but almost all the monks, and the earls, and the thanes that were there, protested against him.

148. St. Osythe, in Essex; a priory rebuilt A. 1118, for canons of the Augustine order, of which there are considerable remains.

In 1593 Penelope Darcy Lady Gage 1593-1661 was born to Thomas Darcy 1st Earl Rivers 1565-1640 (28) and Mary Kitson Countess Rivers 1567-1644 (25) at St Osyth's.

Before 1644 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Kitson Countess Rivers 1567-1644. Before 1644 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Kitson Countess Rivers 1567-1644.

On 01 Jun 1723 Richard Savage Nassau 1723-1780 was born to Frederick Nassau 1682-1738 (41) at St Osyth's.

St Osyth's Priory St Osyth's, Essex

On 28 Jun 1558 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Chiche 1506-1558 (51) died at Wivenhoe. He was buried at St Osyth's Priory St Osyth's. His son John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy Chiche 1532-1581 (26) succeeded 2nd Baron Darcy Chiche.

In Mar 1581 John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy Chiche 1532-1581 (49) died. He was buried at St Osyth's Priory St Osyth's. His son Thomas Darcy 1st Earl Rivers 1565-1640 (16) succeeded 3rd Baron Darcy Chiche. Mary Kitson Countess Rivers 1567-1644 (13) by marriage Baroness Darcy Chiche.

Before 1644 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Kitson Countess Rivers 1567-1644. Before 1644 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Kitson Countess Rivers 1567-1644.

In 1586 Thomas Darcy 1586-1639 was born to Thomas Darcy 1st Earl Rivers 1565-1640 (21) and Mary Kitson Countess Rivers 1567-1644 (18) at St Osyth's Priory St Osyth's.

Stanway, Essex

In 1580 William Bonham 1580-1629 was born to Thomas John Bonham 1545-1629 (35) at Stanway.

Stanway Hall Stanway, Essex

In 1470 Catherine Marney 1470-1535 was born to Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (23) and Thomasine Arundell at Stanway Hall Stanway.

Before 1482 Thomas Bonham 1481-1532 was born at Stanway Hall Stanway.

In 1545 Thomas John Bonham 1545-1629 was born to Willam Bonham 1513-1547 (32) at Stanway Hall Stanway.

Stratford, Essex

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1555. 30 Aug 1555. The xxx day of August was cast at yeld-hall, for robyng of the quen('s) warderobe, one John Boneard, a servantt of hers, dwellyng be-syd the Warderobe at the Blake Frers, and cast. The sam day were cast, for robyng of ther masturs, ij. wher prentes, and the thurd was a servyngman, the prentes dwellyng in Boke larbere, for kepyng of herers, and after send unto the bysshop('s) presun at Startford in Essex.

In 1839 Louisa Cockburn 1839-1869 was born to Alexander Cockburn 1802-1880 (36) at Stratford.

Swallows Cross, Essex

The River Wid rises near Blackmore from where it flows past Swallows Cross, Mountnessing, Ingatestone, Margetting, Killigrews, Widford, to which it gives it name, to Writtle where it joins the River Can.

Takeley, Essex

Tendring, Essex

In 1446 Anne Howard 1446-1474 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (21) and Katherine Moleyns 1424-1465 (22) in Tendring.

In 1522 William Drury 1522-1589 was born to John Drury of Rougham 1479-1556 (43) at Tendring.

Terling, Essex

In 1440 Thomas Cornwall 1440-1479 was born to Otis Cornwall 1409-1469 (31) at Terling.

In 1460 Laurence Cornwall 1460- was born to Thomas Cornwall 1440-1479 (20) at Terling.

In 1479 Thomas Cornwall 1440-1479 (39) died at Terling.

Around 1494 Robert Rochester 1494-1557 was born at Terling.

In 1546 George Cornwall 1546-1616 was born to Richard Cornwall 1530-1585 (16) at Terling. His birth date usually given as 1539 an his father's as 1530. George's birth date changed to 1546.

On 19 Jan 1578 Nicholas Tufton 1st Earl Isle Thanet 1578-1631 was born to John Tufton 1st Baronet Tufton 1544-1624 (34) and Christian Browne Lady Tufton 1554-1589 (24) at Terling.

The Naze, Essex

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1049. Then Osgod fetched his wife from Bruges; and they went back again with six ships; but the rest went towards Essex, to Eadulf's-ness, and there plundered, and then returned to their ships. But there came upon them a strong wind, so that they were all lost but four persons, who were afterwards slain beyond sea.

Theydon Garnon, Essex

In Feb 1561 Archdeacon John Mullins -1591 was collated to the rectory of Theydon Garnon.

Gaynes Park Hall Theydon Garnon, Essex

Around 1460 William Fitzwilliam Sheriff of London 1460-1534 was born to John Fitzwilliam 1415-1505 (45) in Gaynes Park Hall Theydon Garnon.

Around 1490 William Fitzwilliam 1490-1552 was born to William Fitzwilliam Sheriff of London 1460-1534 (30) in Gaynes Park Hall Theydon Garnon.

Thornton, Essex

Thornton Hall Thornton, Essex

Around 1500 Humphrey Tyrrell 1500-1548 was born to William Tyrrell 1465-1510 (35) and Elizabeth Bradbury 1490-1530 (10) at Thornton Hall Thornton.

On 15 Jan 1548 Humphrey Tyrrell 1500-1548 (48) died at Thornton Hall Thornton.

Thunderley, Essex

Around 1572 Henry Mordaunt 1531-1572 (41) died at Thunderley. His grandson Robert Mordaunt 2nd Baronet Mordaunt of Massingham Parva -1638 succeeded 2nd Baronet Mordaunt of Massingham Parva.

Thurrock, Essex

Around 1203 Hugh Grey 1203-1230 was born to Henry Grey 1161-1219 (42) at Thurrock.

Grays, Thurrock, Essex

Around 1149 Richard Grey 1149-1175 was born to Anchitel Grey 1130-1162 (19) at Grays.

In 1150 John Grey 1150-1192 was born to Anchitel Grey 1130-1162 (20) at Grays.

Around 1161 Henry Grey 1161-1219 was born to Richard Grey 1149-1175 (12) at Grays.

Around 1162 Anchitel Grey 1130-1162 (32) died at Grays.

In 1175 Richard Grey 1149-1175 (26) died at Grays.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 September 1665. 24 Sep 1665. Lord's Day. Waked, and up and drank, and then to discourse; and then being about Grayes, and a very calme, curious morning, we took our wherry, and to the fishermen, and bought a great deal of fine fish, and to Gravesend to White's, and had part of it dressed; and, in the meantime, we to walk about a mile from the towne, and so back again; and there, after breakfast, one of our watermen told us he had heard of a bargain of cloves for us, and we went to a blind alehouse at the further end wretched dirty seamen, who, of the towne to a couple of poor wretches, had got together about 37 lb. of cloves and to 10 of nutmeggs, and we bought them of them, the first at 5s. 6d. per lb. and the latter at 4s.; and paid them in gold; but, Lord! to see how silly these men are in the selling of it, and easily to be persuaded almost to anything, offering a bag to us to pass as 20 lbs. of cloves, which upon weighing proved 25 lbs.

But it would never have been allowed by my conscience to have wronged the poor wretches, who told us how dangerously they had got some, and dearly paid for the rest of these goods. This being done we with great content herein on board again and there Captain Cocke (48) and I to discourse of our business, but he will not yet be open to me, nor am I to him till I hear what he will say and do with Sir Roger Cuttance. However, this discourse did do me good, and got me a copy of the agreement made the other day on board for the parcel of Mr. Pierce and Sir Roger Cuttance, but this great parcel is of my Lord Sandwich's (40).

By and by to dinner about 3 o'clock and then I in the cabbin to writing down my journall for these last seven days to my great content, it having pleased God that in this sad time of the plague every thing else has conspired to my happiness and pleasure more for these last three months than in all my life before in so little time. God long preserve it and make me thankful) for it! After finishing my Journal), then to discourse and to read, and then to supper and to bed, my mind not being at full ease, having not fully satisfied myself how Captain Cocke (48) will deal with me as to the share of the profits.

Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672.

Shell Haven, Thurrock, Essex

Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 July 1667. 24 Jul 1667. At noon home to dinner, where my wife mighty musty, [Dull, heavy, spiritless] but I took no notice of it, but after dinner to the office, and there with Mr. Harper did another good piece of work about my late collection of the accounts of the Navy presented to the Parliament at their last session, which was left unfinished, and now I have done it which sets my mind at my ease, and so, having tired myself, I took a pair of oares about five o'clock, which I made a gally at Redriffe, and so with very much pleasure down to Gravesend, all the way with extraordinary content reading of Boyle's (40) Hydrostatickes, which the more I read and understand, the more I admire, as a most excellent piece of philosophy; as we come nearer Gravesend, we hear the Dutch fleete and ours a-firing their guns most distinctly and loud. But before we got to Gravesend they ceased, and it grew darkish, and so I landed only (and the flood being come) and went up to the Ship and discoursed with the landlord of the house, who undeceives me in what I heard this morning about the Dutch having lost two men-of-war, for it is not so, but several of their fire-ships. He do say, that this afternoon they did force our ships to retreat, but that now they are gone down as far as Shield-haven: but what the event hath been of this evening's guns they know not, but suppose not much, for they have all this while shot at good distance one from another. They seem confident of the security of this town and the River above it, if the enemy should come up so high; their fortifications being so good, and guns many. But he do say that people do complain of Sir Edward Spragg (47), that he hath not done extraordinary; and more of Sir W. Jenings, that he come up with his tamkins1 in his guns. Having discoursed this a little with him, and eat a bit of cold venison and drank, I away, took boat, and homeward again, with great pleasure, the moon shining, and it being a fine pleasant cool evening, and got home by half-past twelve at night, and so to bed.

1. Tamkin, or tampion, the wooden stopper of a cannon placed in the muzzle to exclude water or dust.

In 1689. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Robert Boyle Scientist 1627-1691.

Tilbury, Essex

On 06 Sep 1640 Lionel Tollemache 2nd Baronet Talmash 1591-1640 (49) died at Tilbury. He was buried at Church of St Mary Helmingham. On 06 Sep 1640 His son Lionel Tollemache 3rd Baronet Talmash 1624-1669 (16) succeeded 3rd Baronet Talmash of Helmingham in Suffolk. Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (13) by marriage Lady Talmash of Helmingham in Suffolk.

Around 1641 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698. Around 1648 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698. Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698. Around 1647 John Weesop Painter -1652. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 27 March 1660. 27 Mar 1660. Early in the morning at making a fair new establishment of the Fleet to send to the Council. This morning, the wind came about, and we fell into the Hope, [A reach of the Thames near Tilbury.] and in our passing by the Vice-Admiral, he and the rest of the frigates, with him, did give us abundance of guns and we them, so much that the report of them broke all the windows in my cabin and broke off the iron bar that was upon it to keep anybody from creeping in at the Scuttle. [A small hole or port cut either in the deck or side of a ship, generally for ventilation. That in the deck is a small hatch-way. Smyth's Sailor's Word-Book.] This noon I sat the first time with my Lord at table since my coming to sea. All the afternoon exceeding busy in writing of letters and orders. In the afternoon, Sir Harry Wright (23) came onboard us, about his business of being chosen Parliament-man. My Lord brought him to see my cabin, when I was hard a-writing. At night supped with my Lord too, with the Captain, and after that to work again till it be very late. So to bed.

The Hope, or Hope Reach, is the part of the Thames Estuary between Tilbury and the mouth of the River Medway. It is named after the Hope stream that enters the Thames about three miles east of Tilbury. A noted anchorage for fleet assemblages and rendevous.

Tolleshunt, Essex

Around 1538 Thomas Darcy 1538-1586 was born to Thomas Darcy 1511-1558 (27) and Anne Mundy in Tolleshunt.

In 1560 Thomas Darcy 1560-1593 was born to Thomas Darcy 1538-1586 (22) in Tolleshunt.

Tiptree Priory Tolleshunt, Essex

Around 1511 Thomas Darcy 1511-1558 was born to Anthony Darcy 1470-1540 (41) in Tiptree Priory Tolleshunt.

Ulting, Essex

The River Chelmer rises near River Chelmer from where it flows past Great Easton, Great Dunmow, Flitch Green, Hartford End, Howe Street, Little Waltham, Broomfield, around Chelmsford.

After Chelmsford the River Chelmer continues past Little Baddow, Ulting, Beeleigh Abbey Maldon, Maldon after which it joins the River_Blackwater.

Upminster, Essex

New Place Upminster, Essex

The Autobiography and Correspondence of Sir Simonds D'Ewes 1st Baronet 1602 1650 Volume 1 Chapter X 1621. I must now come to speak a little largely of a particular business that concerns my first love; which, because it broke off abruptly and abortively, before the end of the ensuing summer, I will a little anticipate the after passages of it, and finish it here at once. This match was propounded first unto me upon Saturday, the 20th day of October, in the year 1620; to which being of itself very worthy of entertainment, 1 was the rather induced to hearken by reason of my small stipend and inconvinient lodging at the Six Clerks' Office in Chancery Lane, whereby my precious time was misspent for want of a private chamber and study wherein to reside. From that day, for above half a year after, I had many discourses with one Mr. Boldero a gentleman that first proposed it, how to effect it, and misspent many an hour in the care and thought of it, till the 8th day of the instant May, being Tuesday, when Mr. Waldegrave (54), of Lawford Hall, in the county of Essex, father of the gentlewoman named Jemima (18), being his younger daughter and co-heir apparent, come to London purposely to treat with my father about it; with whom after thrice meeting and some difierences composed, he made a full agreement, so as there seemed nothing to be wanting to make up a full and due consummation but our mutual likings, who were to have matched; so now, had I not feared my father's inconstancy, I should have assured myself of a seasonable accomplishing my present expectation.

All things being provided for my journey thither, and Easter Term being ended, the same day the Parliament was again adjourned till after Whitsuntide, being Saturday the 19th day of this instant May, I went with my father and the rest of his family to Newplace, in Upminster, in the county of Essex, where my Aunt Lathum dwelt, being little out of the way to Lawford Hall aforesaid; whither I set forward alone upon Thmsday morning, lying at Maiden that night, May 24. The next day, being Friday, May 25, I arrived at Colchester between twelve and one, and that afternoon saw Miss Jemima (18) with the Lady Bingham (60) her mother, (whom, having been the widow of Sir Richard Bingham (92), Knt., Mr. Waldegrave had married to his second wife,) and had some discourse with the old lady, and some short view of the gentlewoman, whom I did not take to be so handsome at this first view as I thought her afterwards. I went not home at this time with the old lady, but lay at a town called Langham, near to Lawford, at one Mr. Littlebury's house; from whence, the next day, I went with him to Mr. Waldegrave's in the afternoon, and had full access in private discourse afforded me with the young gentlewoman. That night I returned again with Mr. Littlebury (who had used a great deal of faithful care to make up this match) to his house; where having staid till Monday, May 28th, in the forenoon we went again to Mr. Waldegrave's, and dined there. After which ended, I had several discourses with the young gentlewoman, and received from her so many remonstrances of acceptation and affection, as her own father acknowledged she never had done before, and we all thought the business in fair forwardness for the consummation thereof. But I, fearing my father's inconstancy, by reason he was to settle above £1100 per annum upon me, and to receive no portion, had all my expectations even at this present mixed with doubts, which were the more increased upon my return to him next day to Newplace, (for, his coach-horses going cheerfully, I went the whole thirty-eight miles from Lawford thither in a day,) where, having related to him my unexpected success, I found him in some atrtut, as if he knew not well now how to break it off, or go back.

At my next return therefore thither, he wrote a strange letter to the young gentlewoman, and gave it me in charge to bring him an answer from her. It was penned in a good phrase, but mixed with some unseasonable imperious passages, so as pressing what eflFects it would produce, I kept it two or three. days ere I delivered it after I was come to Mr. Waldegrave's; but fearing my father's displeasure if I still kept it, and so an abortive issue of this overture, I at last rather chose to put it to the hazard. Truly, both the father and the young gentlewoman, whose affection I had gained very far, were content for my sake to have passed it over, but the Lady Bingham (60) her mother told me plainly, my father took so early authority upon him as her daughter should never come imder his power; and 80 after all that cost bestowed by my father, being near upon £80, and all the travel and pains which had been bestowed by myself and others to effect this business, (although it hung in suspense till the 19th day of September next ensuing,) yet all was finally dashed.

The gentlewoman (18), after the decease of her father, was at last married to John Crew (22), Esq., son and heir of Sir Thomas Crew (56), Knt., for whom, to say truly she was a much fitter match than for myself, who, being younger than herself, (although I knew it not at first,) it would doubtless in process of time have bred much nauseating and inconvenience. Yet I cannot deny that in respect of her fair extraction, comeliness, and good education; of my own wants, loss of time, and discontent; of my fear of my father's match with a young widow with whom he was now in treaty, and to get an estate settled upon me, I did omit no care, pains, or endeavour to have accomplished this match, which God of his infinite goodness did frustrate, not only for my temporal, but for my spiritual good. For he afterwards provided for me not only a much younger gentlewoman (8), but more nobly extracted, and the heir of her family. My cousin Crew herself, (for my wife was her near kinswoman,) whom I went to visit awhile after I had been married, told me I had gotten a far greater fortune than she would have been; and the old Lady Bingham (60) her mother, being then a widow, upon my coming to Lawford Hall, to her in her sickness to comfort her, told me, I dealt with her as Joseph had done with his brethren; for she only had been the cause of the breaking off my intended match with her daughter (18), and yet I would vouchsafe to visit her. "Why, Madam," answered I, " should enmity between Christians be perpetual — especially seeing what you intended against me is turned by God's Providence, to greater good?"

The breach also of my match was the chief occasion that my father (53) proceeded no further with the young widow, (with whom he was at this time in treaty,) as I strongly gathered from many circumstances, and that he afterwards married with an ancient lady (10). By this means he not only settled a greater estate upon myself than was now offered, but provided also, in a very large measure, for my three younger sisters, and my only brother, whose advancement would have been exceedingly hindered by this match with a young woman and a second issue, though I had gotten at this time a fair estate by my marriage settled upon me. Lastly, by this breach, I reaped much knowledge by my serious study of the common law of England for divers years after; falling also, in the issue, upon the search of records and other exotic monuments of antiquity, being the most ravishing and satisfying part of human knowledge.

In 1620 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Jemima Waldegrave Baroness Crew 1602-1675. In 1564 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Richard Bingham 1528-1599.

The Autobiography and Correspondence of Sir Simonds D'Ewes 1st Baronet 1602 1650 Volume 1 Chapter XI 1622. 02 Jun 1623. On Monday, the second day of June, my father, the Lady Denton, and the residue of his family, departed into Essex, to New Place, in Upminster, to keep his Whitsuntide, with my Aunt Lathum, a widow, his only sister; from which journey I excused myself, for my love to the study of the law began now to increase very much, being reasonably well able to command what I read, and finding daily use of it, I exceedingly desired knowledge.

Uttlesford, Essex

Great Chesterford, Uttlesford, Essex

John Evelyn's Diary 09 October 1671. 09 Oct 1671 and 10 Oct 1671. I went, after evening service, to London, in order to a journey of refreshment with Mr. Treasurer (41), to Newmarket, where the King (41) then was, in his coach with six brave horses, which we changed thrice, first, at Bishop-Stortford, and last, at Chesterford; so, by night, we got to Newmarket, where Mr. Henry Jermain (35) (nephew to the Earl of St. Alban (66)) lodged me very civilly. We proceeded immediately to Court, the King (41) and all the English gallants being there at their autumnal sports. Supped at the Lord Chamberlain's (69); and, the next day, after dinner, I was on the heath, where I saw the great match run between Woodcock and Flatfoot, belonging to the King (41), and to Mr. Eliot, of the bedchamber, many thousands being spectators; a more signal race had not been run for many years.

This over, I went that night with Mr. Treasurer (41) to Euston, a palace of Lord Arlington's (53), where we found Monsieur Colbert (46) (the French Ambassador), and the famous new French Maid of Honor, Mademoiselle Querouaille (22), now coming to be in great favor with the King (41). Here was also the Countess of Sunderland (25), and several lords and ladies, who lodged in the house.

During my stay here with Lord Arlington (53), near a fortnight, his Majesty (41) came almost every second day with the Duke (37), who commonly returned to Newmarket, but the King (41) often lay here, during which time I had twice the honor to sit at dinner with him (41), with all freedom. It was universally reported that the fair lady —— [Note. Probably Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (22)], was bedded one of these nights, and the stocking flung, after the manner of a married bride; I acknowledge she was for the most part in her undress all day, and that there was fondness and toying with that young wanton; nay, it was said, I was at the former ceremony; but it is utterly false; I neither saw nor heard of any such thing while I was there, though I had been in her chamber, and all over that apartment late enough, and was myself observing all passages with much curiosity. However, it was with confidence believed she was first made a Miss, as they called these unhappy creatures, with solemnity at this time.

On Sunday, a young Cambridge divine preached an excellent sermon in the chapel, the King (41) and the Duke of York (37) being present.

Around 1672 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Thomas Clifford 1st Baron Clifford Chudleigh 1630-1673. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Manchester 1602-1671. Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685. Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. In 1670 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. In 1673 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734. Before 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Digby Countess Sunderland 1646-1715. One of the Windsor Beauties. Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II.

On 07 Jan 1689 James Howard 3rd Earl Suffolk 1619-1689 (69) died at Great Chesterford. He was buried at Walden Abbey. His brother George Howard 4th Earl Suffolk 1625-1691 (63) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 4C 1603. Anne "Mary" Wroth Countess Suffolk -1710 by marriage Countess Suffolk. Baron Howard de Walden abeyant between the his daughter Essex Howard Baroness Griffin -1705 and the descendants of his daughter's daughter (12).

Before 1744 Enoch Before 1712. Charles D'Agar Painter 1669-1723. Portrait of Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol 1676-1741 and twins Henrietta Hervey 1703-1712 and Charles Hervey 1703-1783. 1738 Enoch

Wakes Colne, Essex

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

Wakering, Essex

Around 1282 Hugh Neville 1170-1282 died at Wakering.

Walter, Essex

Woodhouse Walter, Essex

In 1404 Elizabeth Chidiock Baroness Cobham Sternborough 1404-1464 was born to John Chidiock 5th Baron Fitzpayn 1375-1415 (29) and Eleanor Fitzwarin 1384-1433 (20) at Woodhouse Walter.

Waltham, Essex

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1001. This year there was great commotion in England in consequence of an invasion by the Danes, who spread terror and devastation wheresoever they went, plundering and burning and desolating the country with such rapidity, that they advanced in one march as far as the town of Alton [Note. Not clear whether this is Alton]; where the people of Hampshire came against them, and fought with them. There was slain Ethelwerd, high-steward of the king (35), and Leofric of Whitchurch, and Leofwin, high-steward of the king, and Wulfhere, a bishop's thane, and Godwin of Worthy, son of Bishop Elfsy; and of all the men who were engaged with them eighty-one. Of the Danes there was slain a much greater number, though they remained in possession of the field of battle. Thence they proceeded westward, until they came into Devonshire; where Paley came to meet them with the ships which he was able to collect; for he had shaken off his allegiance to King Ethelred (35), against all the vows of truth and fidelity which he had given him, as well as the presents which the king had bestowed on him in houses and gold and silver. And they burned Teignton, and also many other goodly towns that we cannot name; and then peace was there concluded with them. And they proceeded thence towards Exmouth, so that they marched at once till they came to Pin-hoo; where Cole, high-steward of the king, and Edsy, reve of the king, came against them with the army that they could collect. But they were there put to flight, and there were many slain, and the Danes had possession of the field of battle. And the next morning they burned the village of Pin-hoo, and of Clist, and also many goodly towns that we cannot name. Then they returned eastward again, till they came to the Isle of Wight. The next morning they burned the town of Waltham, and many other small towns; soon after which the people treated with them, and they made peace.

In 1133 Alice Essex 1133-1174 was born to Ralph Essex 1111-1157 (22) and Alice Vere Baroness Warkworth -1185 at Waltham.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Edward VI 5th Year 1551-1552. 06 Nov 1551. The 6 of November the sayd Scottishe Quene departed toward Scotland, and rode from Pawles through all the high streates London and out at Bishops-gate, accompanyed with diuers noble Scotland, men and women, to bringe her through the Citye to Shordich Church; the Duke of Northumberlande (47) havinge standinge of horsemen in Cheapsyde with jauelinges, iC [Note. One hundred] persons, wherof xl [Note. 40] gentlemen were apparayled in black velvet and white feathers, and chaines of gold about their neckes; next them stoode vixx [Note. 120 ie 6x20] horsmen of the Earle of Pembrookes (50), with blacke jauelinges and hattes with feathers; next them stoode ic. [Note. 100] of the Lord Treasurers gentlemen and yeomen with jauelinges allso, which 3 rankes of horsemen compassed from the Crosse in Cheape to Birchin Lane ende. And when the sayd nobles had brought hir to Shordich Church, there they tooke their leaue, and departed home againe. The Sheriffes of London had the conduction of her to Waltham townes ende, where the shires of Middlesex and Essex parteth; and harbingers [were] sent afore into euery shyre to the borders to Scotland, that every sheriffe in euery shyre, accompanyed with the gentlemen of the country, [should] receaue her, and make provision in euery shyre for hir meates, both for hirselfe, familie, and horses, till she come to the borders of Scotland, at the charges of the Kinges Maiestie the shyres that she should passe thorough till she be in Scotland, euery shire for theyr owne precinct; this first night she lodged in Waltham towne.

The Earle of Arundell and the Lord Pagett (45) sent to the Tower.

Around 1560 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570. In 1549 Unknown Painter. Flemish. Portrait of William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563.

Waltham Forest, Essex

Diary of Samuel Pepys 18 August 1662. 18 Aug 1662. Up very early, and up upon my house to see how work goes on, which do please me very well. So about seven o'clock took horse and rode to Bowe, and there staid at the Kings Head, and eat a breakfast of eggs till Mr. Deane of Woolwich came to me, and he and I rid into Waltham Forest, and there we saw many trees of the King's a-hewing; and he showed me the whole mystery of off square1, wherein the King is abused in the timber that he buys, which I shall with much pleasure be able to correct. After we had been a good while in the wood, we rode to Illford, and there, while dinner was getting ready, he and I practised measuring of the tables and other things till I did understand measuring of timber and board very well.

So to dinner and by and by, being sent for, comes Mr. Cooper, our officer in the Forest, and did give me an account of things there, and how the country is backward to come in with their carts.

By and by comes one Mr. Marshall, of whom the King has many carriages for his timber, and they staid and drank with me, and while I am here, Sir W. Batten (61) passed by in his coach, homewards from Colchester, where he had been seeing his son-in-law, Lemon, that lies a-dying, but I would take no notice of him, but let him go.

By and by I got a horseback again and rode to Barking, and there saw the place where they ship this timber for Woolwich; and so Deane and I home again, and parted at Bowe, and I home just before a great showre of rayne, as God would have it. I find Deane a pretty able man, and able to do the King service; but, I think, more out of envy to the rest of the officers of the yard, of whom he complains much, than true love, more than others, to the service. He would fain seem a modest man, and yet will commend his own work and skill, and vie with other persons, especially the Petts, but I let him alone to hear all he will say. Whiled away the evening at my office trying to repeat the rules of measuring learnt this day, and so to bed with my mind very well pleased with this day's work.

1. Off-square is evidently a mistake, in the shorthand MS., for half square.

Walthamstow

Wapping

Warley Magna, Essex

John Evelyn's Diary 12 May 1649. 12 May 1649. I purchased the manor of Warley Magna, in Essex: in the afternoon went to see Gildron's collections of paintings, where I found Mr. Endymion Porter (62), of his late Majesty's (48) bedchamber.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Endymion Porter 1587-1649. Around 1627 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of Endymion Porter 1587-1649. In 1611 Robert In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649.

West Ham, Essex

All Saints Church, West Ham, Essex

On 12 Oct 1687 Thomas Foote 1st Baronet 1598-1687 (89) died. He was buried at All Saints Church. Arthur Onslow 1st Baronet 1624-1688 (63) succeeded 2nd Baronet Foote of London.

West Hampton, Essex

On 07 Oct 1733 Thomas Stayner Sculptor 1665-1733 (68) died at West Hampton. He was buried at Corpus Christi College.

West Horndon, Essex

In or before 1349 Thomas Tyrrell 1349-1406 was born to Walter Tyrrell 1320-1386 (28) at West Horndon.

In 1406 Thomas Tyrrell 1349-1406 (57) died at West Horndon.

In 1431 Elizabeth Fitzlewis 1431-1500 was born to Lewis Fitzlewis 1405-1442 (26) in West Horndon.

On 11 Oct 1613 John Petre 1st Baron Petre 1549-1613 (63) died at West Horndon and was buried in St Edmund and St Mary's Church Ingatestone Blackmore. His son William Petre 2nd Baron Petre 1575-1637 (38) succeeded 2nd Baron Petre.

Wethersfield, Essex

Codham Hall Wethersfield, Essex

On 22 Mar 1483 Henry Wentworth 1429-1483 (54) died at Codham Hall Wethersfield.

White Notley, Essex

The River Brain rises near Great Bardfield where it is known as Pods Brook. From there it flows past Shalford Green through Braintree Essex, past White Notley and Witham after which it joins the River Pant aka Blackwater.

Widford, Essex

The River Wid rises near Blackmore from where it flows past Swallows Cross, Mountnessing, Ingatestone, Margetting, Killigrews, Widford, to which it gives it name, to Writtle where it joins the River Can.

Wimbish, Essex

The River_Pant rises near Sewards End after which it flows past Wimbish, Radwinter, Great Sampford, Little Sampford, Great Bardfield, Shalford and Bocking after which it becomes known as the River Blackwater.

The River Blackwater passes north of Braintree Essex then past Stisted, Bradwell Juxta Coggleshall, Coggeshall to Kelvedon, Little Braxted, Langford to Heybridge where it becomes the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation before it becomes an estuary which joins the North Sea at Bradwell-on-Sea.

Witham, Essex

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 900-949. 913. This year, about Martinmas, King Edward (39) had the northern fortress built at Hertford, betwixt the Memer, and the Benwic, and the Lea. After this, in the summer, betwixt gang-days and midsummer, went King Edward with some of his force into Essex, to Maldon; and encamped there the while that men built and fortified the town of Witham. And many of the people submitted to him, who were before under the power of the Danes. And some of his force, meanwhile, built the fortress at Hertford on the south side of the Lea. This year by the permission of God went Ethelfleda (43), lady of Mercia, with all the Mercians to Tamworth; and built the fort there in the fore-part of the summer; and before Lammas that at Stafford: in the next year that at Eddesbury, in the beginning of the summer; and the same year, late in the autumn, that at Warwick. Then in the following year was built, after mid-winter, that at Chirbury and that at Warburton; and the same year before mid-winter that at Runkorn.

The Great Road leaves Chelmsford along Sprinfield Road through Boreham, Hatfield Peverel, Witham, Kelvedon aka Canonium, Marks Tey where it was joined by Stane Street to Chichester before reaching Colchester aka Camulodunum.

The River Brain rises near Great Bardfield where it is known as Pods Brook. From there it flows past Shalford Green through Braintree Essex, past White Notley and Witham after which it joins the River Pant aka Blackwater.

Witham Place, Essex

On 30 Sep 1728 Francis Jerome Talbot 1728-1813 was born to George Talbot 1670-1733 (58) and Mary Fitzwilliam 1685-1752 (43) at Witham Place.

Wivenhoe, Essex

Around 1318 Margaret Sutton 1318-1370 was born to John Sutton 1st Baron Sutton Holderness 1270-1338 (47) and Constantia Sampson Baroness Lexington 1273-1346 (45) at Wivenhoe.

On 19 Dec 1507 William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (69) died at Wivenhoe where he was buried. Viscount Beaumont extinct. Baron Beaumont abeyant. Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk abeyant between his great nephews including Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (25), George Stapleton 1479-1564 (28) and great-great nephew Brian Stapleton 1477-1550 (30).

On 28 Jun 1558 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Chiche 1506-1558 (51) died at Wivenhoe. He was buried at St Osyth's Priory St Osyth's. His son John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy Chiche 1532-1581 (26) succeeded 2nd Baron Darcy Chiche.

The River Colne rises near Ridgewell from where it flows past Great Yeldham, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Earls Colne, Wakes Colne, Aldham, Fordham Heath to Colchester then past Wivenhoe where it widens before joining the North Sea at Brightlingsea.

Woodford, Essex

On 22 Oct 1559 Ralph Cheney 1551-1559 (8) died at Woodford.

In 1714 Robert Taylor Sculptor Architect 1714-1788 was born at Woodford.

On 29 May 1735 Robert Long 5th Baronet Long 1705-1767 (30) and Emma Tylney Lady Long 1707- (28) were married at Woodford. She by marriage Lady Long of Westminster in London.

Woodford Hall Woodford, Essex

On 22 Jan 1721 Charlotte Lee Baroness Baltimore 1679-1721 (41) died at Woodford Hall Woodford.

Woodham Ferrers, Essex

On 18 May 1445 William Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Groby 1372-1445 (73) died at Woodham Ferrers. His granddaughter Elizabeth Ferrers 6th Baroness Ferrers Groby 1419-1483 (26) succeeded 6th Baron Ferrers Groby. Edward Grey Baron Ferrers Groby 1415-1457 (30) by marriage Baron Ferrers Groby.

Woodham Mortimer, Essex

In 1143 Robert Mortimer Woodham 1143- was born at Woodham Mortimer.

Around 1169 Robert Mortimer Woodham 1169-1216 was born to Robert Mortimer Woodham 1143- (26) and Maud Meschin at Woodham Mortimer.

Writtle, Essex

The River Can rises at High Easter from where it flows past Clatterford End, Frambridge End, Chignall St James and Writtle to Chelmsford where it joins the River Chelmer.

The River Wid rises near Blackmore from where it flows past Swallows Cross, Mountnessing, Ingatestone, Margetting, Killigrews, Widford, to which it gives it name, to Writtle where it joins the River Can.