History of Ludlow

1459 Battle of Blore Heath

1459 Battle of Ludford Bridge

1483 Death of Edward IV

1483 Edward V leaves Ludlow

1501 Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

1502 Death of Prince Arthur

Ludlow is in Shropshire.

In 1100 Osbern St John 2nd Baron Burford 1040-1100 (60) died at Ludlow. His son Hugh Fitzosbern 3rd Baron Burford 1080-1140 (20) succeeded 3rd Baron Burford Feudal.

Around 1304 William Verdun 1304- was born to Theobald Verdun 2nd Lord Verdun 1278-1316 (25) and Maud Mortimer Lady Verdun 1286-1312 (18) at Ludlow.

Around 1305 John Verdun 1305- was born to Theobald Verdun 2nd Lord Verdun 1278-1316 (26) and Maud Mortimer Lady Verdun 1286-1312 (19) at Ludlow.

Battle of Blore Heath

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) whilst he was travelling to Ludlow to join up with the main Yorkist army; the Battle of Blore Heath. Forewarned by scouts he arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (48), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (59), James Harrington 1430-1485 (29), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59), William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (24), Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (26), John Savile, Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (48) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (59).

The Lancastrian army included brothers John Dutton -1459, Thomas Dutton 1421-1459 (38) and Peter Dutton -1459 who were killed.

James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley of Heighley 1398-1459 (61) was killed by Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (26). His son John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley of Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (33) succeeded 6th Baron Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire, 3rd Baron Tuchet. Anne Echingham Baroness Audley Heighley 1420-1498 (39) by marriage Baroness Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire, Baron Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire.

John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (34) were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (53) fought.

Richard Molyneux of Sefton 1420-1459 (39) was killed.

John Egerton 1404-1459 (55) was killed.

Adam Bostock 1413-1475 (46) was killed.

After the battle Margaret of Anjou (29) took refuge at Eccleshall Castle.

After the battle Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (59), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29) were captured at Acton Bridge Tarporley and imprisoned at Chester Castle having been detached from the main Yorkist force.

William Troutbeck 1436-1459 (23) was killed.

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Chronicle of Gregory 1459. Oct 1459. The mysrewle of the kyngys galentys at Ludlowe, whenn they hadde drokyn i-nowe of wyne that was in tavernys and in othyr placys, they fulle ungoodely smote owte the heddys of the pypys and hoggys hedys of wyne, that men wente wete-schode in wyne, and thenn they robbyd the towne, and bare a-waye beddynge, clothe, and othyr stuffe, and defoulyd many wymmen.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

Chronicle of Gregory 1459. 12 Oct 1459. Ande thys same yere there was a grete afray at Lodlowe by twyne the kynge and the Duke of Yorke (48), the Erle of Salusbury (59), the Erle of Warwyke (30), the Erle of Marche (17). The Duke of Yorke lete make a grete depe dyche and fortefyde it with gonnys, cartys, and stakys, but hys party was ovyr weke, for the kyng was mo thenn xxxM [Note. 3000] of harneysyd men, by-syde nakyd men that were compellyd for to come with the kynge. And thenne the duke (48) fledde fro place to place in Walys, and breke downe the bryggys aftyr hym that the kyngys mayny schulde not come aftyr hym. And he wente unto Monde. And there he taryd tylle the jornay was endyd at Northehampton. And he made newe grotys of a newe kune in Irlonde; in on syde of the grote was a crowne and in that othyr syde a crosse. And there he made many newe statutys, and hys yong sonys were sende by yende the see unto the Duke of Burgayne, and they were fulle welle ande worschypfully ressayvyd.

Death of Edward IV

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More. As soon as the King (40) was departed, that noble Prince (12) his son drew toward London, who at the time of his father's death kept household at Ludlow in Wales. Such country, being far off from the law and recourse to justice, was begun to be far out of good will and had grown up wild with robbers and thieves walking at liberty uncorrected. And for this reason the Prince (12) was, in the life of his father, sent thither, to the end that the authority of his presence should restrain evilly disposed persons from the boldness of their former outrages. To the governance and ordering of this young Prince (12), at his sending thither, was there appointed Sir Anthony Woodville, Lord Rivers (43) and brother unto the Queen (46), a right honorable man, as valiant of hand as politic in counsel. Adjoined were there unto him others of the same party, and, in effect, every one as he was nearest of kin unto the Queen (46) was so planted next about the Prince (12).

1876. John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896.

Edward V leaves Ludlow

On 23 Apr 1483 Edward V King England 1470- (12) left Ludlow with his uncle Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43).

Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

On 14 Nov 1501 Arthur Prince of Wales (15) and Catherine of Aragon (15) were married at St Paul's Cathedral by Henry Deane Archbishop of Canterbury -1503 assisted by William Warham Bishop of London (51) and a further eighteen bishops They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She wore a white satin dress with a farthingale and over her head wore a veil of fine silk trimmed with gold and pearls.

Prince Henry (10) who escorted her up the aisle and gave her away.

Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (32) bore the train, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (24) was Chief Answerer.

Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (18) and Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (23) attended.

Thomas Englefield Speaker of the House of Commons 1453-1514 was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Immediately after their marriage Arthur Prince of Wales (15) and Catherine of Aragon (15) resided at Tickenhill Manor Bewdley for a month. Thereafter they travelled to Ludlow.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502. Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon. Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532. Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532. 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542. He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

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Death of Prince Arthur

Before 25 Apr 1502 Prince Arthur's body was transported from Ludlow to Worcester Cathedral via the River Servern in a special wagon upholstered in black and drawn by six horses, also caparisoned in black.

Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII August 1527. 15 Jul 1529. Cott. App. XXVII. 147. B. M. 5774. KATHARINE OF ARRAGON.

14. Deposition of Thos. visc. Rocheford (52), 15 July, at the Friars Minors.

Is 52 years of age. To the 1st and 2nd articles, knows that Henry VII. and Elizabeth considered and named Arthur and Henry as their lawful sons, and they were everywhere so considered. To the 3rd and 4th, was present at St. Paul's in Nov. 17 Hen. VII. at the wedding of Arthur and Katharine; Henry VII. was present in the consistory place, and a great number of Englishmen and Spaniards in the church. Believes the marriage was lawful. Arthur was above 15 years of age; which he knew from the books in which the births of the children of the kings of England are entered, and from the report of nobles present at his baptism. Heard from Spaniards that Katharine was more than 16, and she has often told him the same herself. After the marriage they dwelled together as man and wife, to his knowledge, at the King's court and at Ludleye. Believes the marriage was consummated, from their age. Heard from many who were familiar with the Prince, that the day after his marriage he said he had been in the midst of Spain. Believes the 5th, 6th and 7th articles to be true. To the 8th cannot depose. To the 9th, the King and Queen cohabited till about two years ago, when he heard that the King was advised by his confessor to abstain from intercourse with the Queen, so as not to offend his conscience. Believes the 10th, 11th and 12th articles to be true. Has not been subjected to undue influence.

States in answer to a question, that it is customary for brides, especially noble ladies, to be veiled during the blessing of the bed.

Before 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539.

On 17 Oct 1583 Mary Hakluyt 1518-1583 (65) died at Ludlow.

On 09 Apr 1588 Edward Littleton 1549-1622 (39) and Mary Walter 1565-1633 (22) were married at Ludlow.

On 28 Nov 1607 Alice Townshend -1607 died at Ludlow.

The River Corve rises near Bourton after which is flows south-west past Brockton, Shipton and Stanton Lacy joining the River Teme at Ludlow.

The River Teme rises around three miles south of Dolfor in Powys. For much of its upper course it forms the border between England and Wales after which it passes through Leintwardine, Bromfield, Ludlow, Tenbury Wells, Stanford Bridge, Shelsey Beauchamp, Leigh and Bransford after which it joins the River Severn around 3 km south of Worcester.

Edmund Walter Chief Justice -1593 was born at Ludlow.

Broad Street Ludlow, Shropshire

13 Broad Street Ludlow, Shropshire

In 1769 William Owen 1769-1825 was born to Jeremiah Owen at 13 Broad Street Ludlow. He was baptised at Ludlow Parish Church - probably St Laurence's Church Ludlow.

Bromfield Ludlow, Shropshire

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476 1485. 16 May 1483. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster Palace. Grant for life to the king's servant Henry Duke of Buckingham (28), of the offices of chief justice and chamberlain in South and North Wales, constable of the castles and counties of Kermerdyn and Cardigan, the castles of Abrustwith, co Cardigan, and Denevour in South Wales, the castle and town of Tonebigh, co. Pembroke, the castle and lordship of Kylgarvan in South Wales, the castle and town of Llan Stepham in South Wales, the lordship of Wallewynscastell in South Wales, the lordship of Westhaverford in South Wales, constable, steward, and receiver of the castle, lordshiop and manor of Uske, the castle and lordship of Carlion, the castle, lordship and manor of Dynas, the castle and a moiety of the lordship of Ewyas Lacy, the castles, lordships and manors of Belth,Clifford, Radnore, Melenyth, Montgomery, Dynbigh, Elvell and Narberth, the castle, lordship and manors of Wygmore and Holt in the marches of Wales, and the lordship and manor of Bromfield in the same marches, steward and receiver of the lordships and manors of Norton, Knyghton, Raydor, Guerthrenyon, Comotoyder, Glasbury, Weryfreton, Cherbury, Terthic, Halcetur, Kadewyn, Newton, Kyry in the marches.

Oakly Park Bromfield Ludlow, Shropshire

On 03 Sep 1758 Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis 1758-1830 was born to Henry Herbert 1st Earl Powis 1703-1772 (55) and Barbara Herbert Countess Powis 1735-1786 (23) at Oakly Park Bromfield Ludlow. She a great x 3 granddaughter of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.

Around 1778 Joshua Reynolds 1723-1788. Portrait of Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis 1758-1830. Around 1740 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Henry Herbert 1st Earl Powis 1703-1772.

St Mary the Virgin Church Bromfield Ludlow, Shropshire

On 16 May 1839 Edward Clive 1st Earl Powis 1754-1839 (85) died at 45 Berkeley Square Mayfair. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bromfield Ludlow. His son Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848 (54) succeeded 2nd Earl Powis 3C 1804. Lucy Graham Countess Powis 1793-1875 (45) by marriage Countess Powis.

1839 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848. 1844 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848. 1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848. 1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Edward Herbert 2nd Earl Powis 1785-1848. Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Lucy Graham Countess Powis 1793-1875.

On 20 Jan 1854 Robert Henry Herbert 1789-1854 (65) died at Shrewsbury. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bromfield Ludlow.

On 04 Aug 1859 Robert Windsor-Clive 1824-1859 (35) died at 53 Lower Grosvenor Street Belgravia. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bromfield Ludlow.

Ludford Bridge Ludlow, Shropshire

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludlow. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison led by Andrew Trollope -1461 refused to fight against King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (37) who was present.

The Yorkist Richard 3rd Duke York (48), the future King Edward IV (17), Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) left overnight before the battle.

John Dynham 1st Baron Dynham 1433-1501 (26) and Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) were present.

The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41).

Ludlow Castle, Shropshire

On 11 Nov 1328 Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl Dunbar aka March 1328-1360 was born to Edmund Mortimer 1303-1331 (25) and Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 (15) at Ludlow Castle.

On 10 Dec 1376 Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 was born to Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl Dunbar aka March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (24) and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (21) at Ludlow Castle. He a great grandson of King Edward III England.

On 02 Apr 1502 Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502 (15) died at Ludlow Castle. See Death of Prince Arthur. The cause of death unknown other than being reported as "a malign vapour which proceeded from the air". Catherine of Aragon (16) had recovered.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502. Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon.

On 14 Oct 1559 John Williams 1st Baron Williams 1500-1559 (59) died at Ludlow Castle. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Thame. Isabel Williams 1522-1587 (37) inherited Thame. His son Francis William 2nd Baron Thame -1560 succeeded 2nd Baron Williams of Thame although he died four months later at which time the Barony became extinct. Some sources don't mention Francis William 2nd Baron Thame -1560 regarding the Barony as extinct following the death of John Williams 1st Baron Williams 1500-1559 (59).

On 22 Feb 1574 Ambrosia Sidney -1574 died at Ludlow Castle where her father Henry Sidney KG 1529-1586 (45) was President of the Council of the Marches in Wales.

In 1573 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Sidney KG 1529-1586 wearing his Garter Collar. In 1573 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of Henry Sidney KG 1529-1586.

Around 1755 Samuel Scott Painter 1702-1772 (53). Ludlow Castle with Dinham Weir, from the South-West

Roger Lacy -1106 undertook building works at Ludlow Castle.

St Laurence's Church Ludlow