History of Oxfordshire

584 Battle of Fethan Leag

752 Battle of Burford

1312 Capture of Piers Gaveston

1387 Battle of Radcot Bridge

1448 Warwick "Kingmaker" Becomes Earl of Warwick

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1664 Transit of Mercury

Oxfordshire is in Home Counties.

Ardley, Oxfordshire

Padbury Brook rises near Fritwell from where it flows past Ardley, Stoke Lyne, Fringford, Godington, Twyford, under Padbury and the medieval Thornbrough bridges, after which it joins the River Great Ouse.

Asthall Leigh, Oxfordshire

Around 1280 Edmund Cornwall 1280-1354 was born to Richard Cornwall 1252-1296 (28) and Joan Fitzalan 1267-1316 (13) at Asthall Leigh. He a great grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216.

Bampton, Oxfordshire

Black Bourton Bampton, Oxfordshire

After 1596 Bridget Hungerford 1596- was born to Anthony Hungerford of Black Bourton and Lucy Hungerford at Black Bourton Bampton.

In 1608 Anthony Hungerford 1608-1657 was born to Anthony Hungerford of Black Bourton (40) and Sarah Crouch 1574-1627 (34) at Black Bourton Bampton.

On 27 Jun 1627 Anthony Hungerford of Black Bourton (59) died at Black Bourton Bampton.

Around 1635 Rachel Hungerford Viscountess Falkland 1635-1718 was born to Anthony Hungerford 1608-1657 (27) and Rachel Jones -1680 at Black Bourton Bampton.

On 14 Apr 1653 Henry Carey 4th Viscount Falkland 1634-1663 (19) and Rachel Hungerford Viscountess Falkland 1635-1718 (18) were married at Black Bourton Bampton. She by marriage Viscountess Falkland.

St Mary the Virgin Church Black Bourton Bampton, Oxfordshire

After 20 Oct 1632 Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 was baptised at St Mary the Virgin Church Black Bourton Bampton.

After 06 Mar 1650 Arthur Hopton Diplomat 1588-1650 was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Black Bourton Bampton.

Hungerford Chapel St Mary the Virgin Church Black Bourton Bampton, Oxfordshire

On 18 Aug 1657 Anthony Hungerford 1608-1657 (49) died at Farleigh Hungerford Castle. He was buried at Hungerford Chapel St Mary the Virgin Church Black Bourton Bampton.

Banbury

Bicester aka Bisseter, Oxfordshire

Around 1214 Egelina Courtenay 1164-1214 (50) died in Bicester aka Bisseter.

Broughton, Oxfordshire

In 1541 Margaret Danvers Baroness Saye and Sele 1504-1541 (37) died at Broughton.

Burford, Oxfordshire

The River Windrush is a tributary of the River Thames. Its is near Taddington in Gloucestershire. It travels broadly south-west through Bourton-on-the-Water, Burford, Minster Lovell, Witney joining the River Thames at Nebridge.

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. Then come tydyngys of the comynge of [t]e Erle of Marche unto London; thenn alle the cytte were fayne, and thonkyd God, and sayde that

He that had Londyn for sake

Wolde no more to hem take,

and sayde, "Lette us walke in a newe wyne yerde, and lette us make us a gay gardon in the monythe of Marche with thys fayre whyte ros and herbe, the Erle of Marche." And the Erle of Warwycke mette with the Erle of Marche by-syde Oxforde, x myle owte of hit, at a towne of hys owne i-namyd Burford a-pon the Wolde; for the Erle of Marche come fro Walys, and was fulle sore a-ferde of the loste of the ij fyldys that were loste by-fore, Wakefylde that one, and Synt Albonys that othyr, and he sorowde sore for hys fadyr the Duke of Yorke, and for hys good brother the Erle of Rutlond, and for alle othyr lordys and comyns, &c.

Battle Edge Burford, Oxfordshire

Battle Edge Burford is a former field located beside Sheep Street and Tanners Lane and bounded by the River Windrush at the bottom of the hill in Burford.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 750-799. 752. This year, the twelfth of his reign, Cuthred, king of the West-Saxons, fought at Burford with Ethelbald, king of the Mercians, and put him to flight.

St John the Baptist Church Burford, Oxfordshire

On 01 Nov 1568 Archbishop Hugh Curwen 1500-1568 (68) died at Swinbrook. He was buried at St John the Baptist Church Burford.

Cassington, Oxfordshire

Around 1262 William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335 was born to Pierre Grandison at Cassington.

Around 1275 William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu 1275-1319 was born to Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (25) and Hawise St Amand Baroness Montagu 1252- (23) at Cassington.

Charlbury

Chastleton, Oxfordshire

St Mary's Church Chastleton, Oxfordshire

On 01 Sep 1856 Richard Westmacott 1775-1856 (81) died at 14 South Audley Street. He was buried in St Mary's Church Chastleton where his son Hector Westmacott was Rector in 1878.

Chinnor, Oxfordshire

The Ridgeway Path is an ancient footpath that extends from Knap Hill, on the south of the Avebury Plateau, or The Sanctuary, to Ivinghoe Beacon - a distance of more than eighty miles following the scarp slopes. From Knap Hill the Ridgeway Path passes The Sanctuary, Prehistoric Avebury, Barbury Castle, Liddington Castle, Wayland's Smithy Long Barrow, Uffington Castle and White Horse, Segsbury Camp, Scutchamer Knob, Goring, Swyncome, Chinnor, Princes Risborough, Boddington Hill Fort, Tring, Ivinghoe Beacon.

Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire

Enstone, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire

Bushell's Wells, Enstone, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire

John Evelyn's Diary 20 October 1664. 20 Oct 1664. Hence, to see the famous wells, natural and artificial grots and fountains, called Bushell's Wells, at Enstone. This Bushell had been Secretary to my Lord Verulam. It is an extraordinary solitude. There he had two mummies; a grot where he lay in a hammock, like an Indian. Hence, we went to Dichley, an ancient seat of the Lees, now Sir Henry Lee's (25); it is a low ancient timber-house, with a pretty bowling-green. My Lady gave us an extraordinary dinner. This gentleman's mother (49) was Countess of Rochester, who was also there, and Sir Walter St. John (42). There were some pictures of their ancestors, not ill painted; the great-grandfather had been Knight of the Garter [Note. Reference to Henry Lee of Ditchley Champion 1533-1611 who was not great-grandfather; he was second-cousin once-removed]; there was a picture of a Pope, and our Savior's head. So we returned to Cornbury.

In 1576 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619, whilst in France, painted a portrait of Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 who was attached to the English Embassy at the time. In 1731 (Copy of 1618 original).John Vanderbank Painter 1694-1739. Portrait of Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626. Before 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Elizabeth Pope Countess Lindsey -1719 as Diana. Around 1658 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne St John Countess Rochester 1614-1696. Before 1708 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Walter St John 3rd Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1622-1708. Before 03 Jul 1708. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Walter St John 3rd Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1622-1708. Lydiard House. Around 1562 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577. Portrait of Henry Lee of Ditchley Champion 1533-1611. Around 1583 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. Portrait of Henry Lee of Ditchley Champion 1533-1611. Around 1567 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Lee of Ditchley Champion 1533-1611.

Chorlebury, Oxfordshire

Around 12 Apr 1471 Richard Fiennes 4th Baron Saye and Sele 1471-1501 was born to Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) and Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele at Chorlebury.

Clifton, Oxfordshire

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Cropredy, Oxfordshire

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Cuckhamsley Hill, Oxfordshire

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1006. This year Elfeah (53) was consecrated Archbishop; Bishop Britwald succeeded to the see of Wiltshire; Wulfgeat was deprived of all his property; (51) Wulfeah and Ufgeat were deprived of sight; Alderman Elfelm was slain; and Bishop Kenulf (52) departed this life. Then, over midsummer, came the Danish fleet to Sandwich, and did as they were wont; they barrowed and burned and slew as they went. Then the king (40) ordered out all the population from Wessex and from Mercia; and they lay out all the harvest under arms against the enemy; but it availed nothing more than it had often done before. For all this the enemy went wheresoever they would; and the expedition did the people more harm than either any internal or external force could do. When winter approached, then went the army home; and the enemy retired after Martinmas to their quarters in the Isle of Wight, and provided themselves everywhere there with what they wanted. Then, about midwinter, they went to their ready farm, throughout Hampshire into Berkshire, to Reading. And they did according to their custom,—they lighted their camp-beacons as they advanced. Thence they marched to Wallingford, which they entirely destroyed, and passed one night at Cholsey. They then turned along Ashdown to Cuckamsley-hill, and there awaited better cheer; for it was often said, that if they sought Cuckamsley, they would never get to the sea. But they went another way homeward. Then was their army collected at Kennet; and they came to battle there, and soon put the English force to flight; and afterwards carried their spoil to the sea. There might the people of Winchester see the rank and iniquitous foe, as they passed by their gates to the sea, fetching their meat and plunder over an extent of fifty miles from sea. Then was the king (40) gone over the Thames into Shropshire; and there he fixed his abode during midwinter. Meanwhile, so great was the fear of the enemy, that no man could think or devise how to drive them from the land, or hold this territory against them; for they had terribly marked each shire in Wessex with fire and devastation. Then the king (40) began to consult seriously with his council, what they all thought most advisable for defending this land, ere it was utterly undone. Then advised the king (40) and his council for the advantage of all the nation, though they were all loth to do it, that they needs must bribe the enemy with a tribute. The king (40) then sent to the army, and ordered it to be made known to them, that his desire was, that there should be peace between them, and that tribute and provision should be given them. And they accepted the terms; and they were provisioned throughout England.

51. See a more full and circumstantial account of these events, with some variation of names, in Florence of Worcester.

Scutchamer Knob, Cuckhamsley Hill, Oxfordshire

Scutchamer Knob is an early Iron Age round barrow.

The Ridgeway Path is an ancient footpath that extends from Knap Hill, on the south of the Avebury Plateau, or The Sanctuary, to Ivinghoe Beacon - a distance of more than eighty miles following the scarp slopes. From Knap Hill the Ridgeway Path passes The Sanctuary, Prehistoric Avebury, Barbury Castle, Liddington Castle, Wayland's Smithy Long Barrow, Uffington Castle and White Horse, Segsbury Camp, Scutchamer Knob, Goring, Swyncome, Chinnor, Princes Risborough, Boddington Hill Fort, Tring, Ivinghoe Beacon.

In 636 Cwichelm King of Wessex -636 was killed at Scutchamer Knob.

Deddington, Oxfordshire

Around 1094 Hawise Cheney 1094-1153 was born to Roger Cheney 1070-1109 (24) at Deddington.

In 1096 Hugh Cheney 1096-1166 was born to Roger Cheney 1070-1109 (26) at Deddington.

In 1109 Roger Cheney 1070-1109 (39) died at Deddington.

Around 1147 Roger Cheney 1098-1147 (49) died at Deddington.

Around 1154 Ralph Cheney 1100-1154 (54) died at Deddington.

In 1166 Hugh Cheney 1096-1166 (70) died at Deddington.

Around 1170 William Cheney 1102-1170 (68) died at Deddington.

Around 1507 Thomas Pope 1507-1559 was born at Deddington. He was educated at Banbury School and Eton College.

The Rectory Deddington, Oxfordshire

On 09 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28), under the protection of Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (37), stayed at The Rectory Deddington whilst en route south. Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (37) left Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) there whilst he left to visit his wife. The following morning Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (40), with Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (27), Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (36) and John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324 (47) arrested Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) and took him to Warwick Castle.

Dorchester on Thames

Drayton, Oxfordshire

In 1368 Lodowick Greville 1368-1438 was born to William Greville 1337-1401 (31) at Drayton.

Around 1380 John Greville 1380-1444 was born to William Greville 1337-1401 (43) at Drayton.

In 1404 William Greville 1404-1504 was born to Lodowick Greville 1368-1438 (36) at Drayton.

In 1421 Ralph Greville 1421-1499 was born to William Greville 1404-1504 (17) at Drayton.

On 28 Aug 1438 Lodowick Greville 1368-1438 (70) died at Drayton.

Duns Tew, Oxfordshire

Church of St Mary Magdalene Duns Tew, Oxfordshire

In 1650 Compton Reade 1st Baronet 1625-1679 (24) and Mary Cornwall Lady Reade 1630-1703 (20) were married at the Church of St Mary Magdalene Duns Tew. They were half first cousins.

Enslow, Oxfordshire

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Ewelme, Oxfordshire

On 29 Sep 1343 John Burghesh 1343-1391 was born to John Burghesh 1322-1349 (21) and Maud Kerdeston 1326-1349 (17) at Ewelme.

On 30 Jun 1349 John Burghesh 1322-1349 (27) died at Ewelme.

Around 1379 Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 was born to John Burghesh 1343-1391 (35) and Ismania Hanham at Ewelme.

On 21 Sep 1391 John Burghesh 1343-1391 (47) died at Ewelme.

On 27 Apr 1437 Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (58) died at Ewelme. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme.

On 03 Jan 1448 Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (4) died at Ewelme aged four whilst in the care of Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44).

After a prolonged legal dispute between her three half-aunts, and her full aunt, the courts decided her full aunt Anne Beauchamp (21) should succeed. Anne Beauchamp (21) succeeded 16th Countess Warwick. Her husband Richard Neville (19) by marriage 16th Earl Warwick 1C 1088; the first step on his journey to becoming Kingmaker.

The decision of the court was not subscribed to by Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (42) who was married to Anne's (21) half-sister Eleanor (39); he wanted his share of the considerable Beauchamp inheritance.

Hanley Castle Ewelme, Oxfordshire

On 16 Sep 1415 Elizabeth Beauchamp Baroness Bergavenny 1415-1448 was born to Richard Beauchamp 1st Earl Worcester 1396-1422 (19) and Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick Countess Worcester 1400-1439 (15) at Hanley Castle Ewelme. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Faringdon, Oxfordshire

On 18 May 1766 Colonel William Mitford MP Historian 1744-1827 (22) and Fanny Molloy -1776 were married at Faringdon.

All Saints' Church Faringdon, Oxfordshire

On 16 Sep 1582 Edward Unton 1534-1582 (48) died. He was buried at All Saints' Church Faringdon.

In 1701 Robert Pye 1620-1701 (81) died. He was buried at All Saints' Church Faringdon.

Fringford, Oxfordshire

Padbury Brook rises near Fritwell from where it flows past Ardley, Stoke Lyne, Fringford, Godington, Twyford, under Padbury and the medieval Thornbrough bridges, after which it joins the River Great Ouse.

Fritwell, Oxfordshire

Padbury Brook rises near Fritwell from where it flows past Ardley, Stoke Lyne, Fringford, Godington, Twyford, under Padbury and the medieval Thornbrough bridges, after which it joins the River Great Ouse.

Fyfield Oxfordshire

In 1406 John Golafre MP 1365-1442 (41) gained possession of Fyfield Oxfordshire where he subsequently lived.

On 23 Feb 1442 John Golafre MP 1365-1442 (77) died at Fyfield Oxfordshire.

St. Nicholas' Church Fyfield Oxfordshire

St. Nicholas' Church Fyfield Oxfordshire. Tomb of Sir John Golafre (d.1442) at Fyfield in Oxfordshire. His arms are seen on the right of the photograph. Cadaver tombs are double-decker structures with a figure of the deceased clothed in regalia above but enshrouded in death beneath - it is a fitting 'memento mori' and a reminder of the transience of earthly glory..

Godington, Oxfordshire

Padbury Brook rises near Fritwell from where it flows past Ardley, Stoke Lyne, Fringford, Godington, Twyford, under Padbury and the medieval Thornbrough bridges, after which it joins the River Great Ouse.

Godstow, Oxfordshire

Godstow Abbey, Oxfordshire

On 23 May 1190 Walter Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1113-1190 (77) died at Godstow Abbey where he was subsequently buried. His son Walter Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1160-1221 (30) succeeded 2nd Baron Clifford Feudal. Agnes Cundy Baroness Clifford by marriage Baroness Clifford Feudal.

On 17 Jan 1221 Walter Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1160-1221 (61) died. He was buried at Godstow Abbey. On 17 Jan 1221 His son Walter Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford 1181-1263 (40) succeeded 3rd Baron Clifford Feudal. Margred verch Llewellyn Aberffraw Baroness Clifford -1268 by marriage Baroness Clifford Feudal.

Around 1248 Isabella "Lady of Snowdon" Braose Princess Wales 1222-1248 (26) died. She was buried at Godstow Abbey.

In 1316 Margery Dyve Abbess -1335 was elected Abbess Godstow.

In 1535 Katharine Bulkeley Abbess Gostow -1560 was appointed Abbot Godstow.

Goring, Oxfordshire

Goring is on the left bank of the River Thames in the Goring Gap between the Berkshire Downs and Chiltern Hills.

The Ridgeway Path is an ancient footpath that extends from Knap Hill, on the south of the Avebury Plateau, or The Sanctuary, to Ivinghoe Beacon - a distance of more than eighty miles following the scarp slopes. From Knap Hill the Ridgeway Path passes The Sanctuary, Prehistoric Avebury, Barbury Castle, Liddington Castle, Wayland's Smithy Long Barrow, Uffington Castle and White Horse, Segsbury Camp, Scutchamer Knob, Goring, Swyncome, Chinnor, Princes Risborough, Boddington Hill Fort, Tring, Ivinghoe Beacon.

Great Tew

Hampton Poyle, Oxfordshire

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Hanwell, Oxfordshire

On 08 Apr 1602 William Cope 2nd Baronet Hanwell -1637 and Elizabeth Chaworth Lady Hanwell were married at Hanwell.

In 1606 Anthony Cope 1st Baronet Hanwell 1548-1614 (58) entertained King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (39) at Hanwell.

Around 1600 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 painted the portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter. In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1623. Adam de Colone 1572-1651. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625. 1580. Adrian Vanson -1602. Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1612 Anthony Cope 1st Baronet Hanwell 1548-1614 (64) entertained King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland 1566-1625 (45) at Hanwell.

Before 22 Aug 1637 William Cope 2nd Baronet Hanwell -1637 died. On 22 Aug 1637 William Cope 2nd Baronet Hanwell -1637 was buried at Hanwell.

Before 27 Feb 1755 Mary Jenkinson Lady Cope 1690-1755 died at Bath. On 27 Feb 1755 she was buried at Hanwell.

On 18 Jun 1781 Charles Cope 2nd Baronet Cope 1743-1781 (38) was buried at Hanwell.

On 25 Dec 1781 Charles Cope 3rd Baronet 1770-1781 (11) died. He was buried at Hanwell. His uncle Jonathan Cope 4th Baronet 1758-1821 (23) succeeded 4th Baronet Cope.

Headington, Oxfordshire

In 1182 Thomas Basset 1099-1182 (83) died at Headington.

Around 1182 Thomas Basset 1130-1182 (52) died at Headington.

In 1216 Baudouin Acquigny 1164-1216 (52) died at Headington.

Around 1232 Alan Basset 1155-1232 (77) died at Headington.

On 08 Apr 1349 John St John Lagenham 3rd Baron St John Lagenham 1308-1349 (41) died at Headington.

Garsington Headington, Oxfordshire

In 1180 Roger Acquigny 1180-1241 was born to Baudouin Acquigny 1164-1216 (16) at Garsington Headington.

Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire

On 23 Jan 1387 Maud Burghesh Baroness Grey Rotherfield 1315-1387 (72) died at Henley on Thames.

On 23 Apr 1474 Thomas Stonor 1424-1474 (50) died at Henley on Thames.

Diary of Henry Machyn January 1556. 12 Jan 1556. The xij even was at Henley a-pon Temes a mastores Lentall wedow mad a soper for master John Venor and ys wyff, and I and dyver odur neybors; and as we wher at soper, and or whe had supt, ther cam a xij wessells, with maydens syngyng with ther wessells, and after cam the cheyff wyffes syngyng with ther wessells; and the gentyll-woman had hordenyd [ordained] a grett tabull of bankett, dyssys [dishes] of spyssys and frut, as marmelad, gynbred, gele [jelly], comfett, suger plat, and dyver odur.... dwellyng in Ive-lane, stuard unto master G ... ser Rechard Recherdsun, prest, with ij whytt ...., xij stayfftorchys, and iiij grett tapurs, a dolle, and a knell at Powlles, and a-nodur at sant Feyths.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1675. 08 Jul 1675. I went with Mrs. Howard (49) and her two daughters toward Northampton Assizes, about a trial at law, in which I was concerned for them as a trustee. We lay this night at Henley-on-the-Thames, at our attorney, Mr. Stephens's, who entertained us very handsomely. Next day, dining at Shotover, at Sir Timothy Tyrill's (58), a sweet place, we lay at Oxford, where it was the time of the Act. Mr. Robert Spencer (46), uncle to the Earl of Sunderland (33), and my old acquaintance in France, entertained us at his apartment in Christ Church with exceeding generosity.

On 13 Dec 1688 Thomas Thynne 1st Viscount Weymouth 1640-1714 (48), along with the Earl of Pembroke (32), led a deputation to the Prince of Orange (38) who was at Henley on Thames after the flight of King James II (55).

Before 1714 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Thynne 1st Viscount Weymouth 1640-1714. Around 1676 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733. Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 wearing his Garter Collar. Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II.

On 14 Jan 1801 Barbara Slaney 1717-1801 (83) died at Henley on Thames.

Henley Bridge, Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire

Heyford, Oxfordshire

Lower Heyford, Oxfordshire

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire

Around 1465 John Yonge Master of the Rolls 1465-1516 was born in Upper Heyford.

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Heythrop, Oxfordshire

On 20 Sep 1752 Mary Fitzwilliam 1685-1752 (67) died in Heythrop.

Hook Norton, Oxfordshire

In 1065 Robert II Oili 1065-1142 was born at Hook Norton.

Islip, Oxfordshire

Around 1003 Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 was born to Æthelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016 (37) and Emma of Normandy Queen Consort England 985-1052 (18) at Islip.

On 07 Dec 1888 William Lawrence Breese of New York 1853-1888 (35) died at Islip.

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

The River Ray rises around 1500m north of Quainton from where it flows broadly west past Grendon Underwood, Blackthorn, Lower Arncott, Merton, Oddington to Islip where it joins the River Cherwell.

Kelmscott, Oxfordshire

Kelmscott Manor House, Oxfordshire

1901. The Census records Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914 (61), Jane Alicia Morris -1861 (40), Louisa C Strong, companion, and three servants living at Kelmscott Manor House.

Around 25 Dec 1860. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Painter 1828-1882. Portrait of Mrs William Morris aka Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914. Signed top-left Upton (ie the Red House) Xmas 1860. 1864. Edward Coley Burne-Jones Painter Baronet 1833-1898. Portrait of Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914, and his sisters-in-law Alice Macdonald 1837-1910, Agnes Macdonald 1843-1906 and Louisa Macdonald 1845-1925 listening to his wife Georgiana reading aloud.

On 26 Jan 1914 Jane Morris nee Burden Model 1839-1914 (74) died at Kelmscott Manor House.

Kingston Lisle, Oxfordshire

Around 1248 Gerard Lisle 1248-1288 was born to Robert Lisle 1212-1262 (36) and Alice Fitzgerald at Kingston Lisle.

Around 1271 Warin Lisle 1271-1322 was born to Gerard Lisle 1248-1288 (23) and Alice Armentieres at Kingston Lisle.

Around 1304 Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 was born to Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (33) and Alice Tyeys -1347 at Kingston Lisle.

Around 1305 Henry Lisle 1305-1361 was born to Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (34) and Alice Tyeys -1347 at Kingston Lisle.

Around 1309 Alice Lisle Baroness Grey Codnor 1309-1344 was born to Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (38) and Alice Tyeys -1347 at Kingston Lisle.

Around 1311 Warin Lisle 1311-1361 was born to Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (40) and Alice Tyeys -1347 at Kingston Lisle.

Around 1330 Warin Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1330-1382 was born to Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 (26) and Eleanor Fitzalan 1320-1389 (10) at Kingston Lisle.

Around 1360 Gerard Lisle 1360- was born to Warin Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1330-1382 (30) and Margaret Pipard Baroness Lisle 1323-1375 (37) at Kingston Lisle.

Around 1362 Margaret Lisle Baroness Berkeley 3rd Baroness Lisle 1362-1391 was born to Warin Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1330-1382 (32) and Margaret Pipard Baroness Lisle 1323-1375 (39) at Kingston Lisle.

Kirtlington, Oxfordshire

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 977. This year was that great council at Kirtlington, (46) after Easter; and there died Bishop Sideman a sudden death, on the eleventh day before the calends of May. He was Bishop of Devonshire; and he wished that his resting-place should be at Crediton, his episcopal residence; but King Edward (15) and Archbishop Dunstan (68) ordered men to carry him to St. Mary's minster that is at Abingdon. And they did so; and he is moreover honourably buried on the north side in St. Paul's porch.

46. Florence of Worcester mentions three synods this year; Kyrtlinege, Calne, and Ambresbyrig.

In 1690 Richard Dashwood 1690-1737 was born to Robert Dashwood 1st Baronet Dashwood 1662-1734 (27) and Penelope Chamberlayne Lady Dashwood 1663-1735 (27) at Kirtlington.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Robert Dashwood 1st Baronet Dashwood 1662-1734.

On 06 Jul 1693 Elizabeth Lewes 1693-1756 was born to Thomas Lewes at Kirtlington.

In 1712 Robert Dashwood 1712-1757 was born to Richard Dashwood 1690-1737 (22) and Elizabeth Lewes 1693-1756 (18) at Kirtlington.

On 22 Feb 1735 Penelope Chamberlayne Lady Dashwood 1663-1735 (72) died at Kirtlington.

Around 1740 Elizabeth Dashwood Duchess Manchester 1740-1832 was born to James Dashwood 2nd Baronet Dashwood 1713-1779 (27) and Elizabeth Spencer Lady Dashwood 1716-1798 (24) at Kirtlington.

In 1743 Anne Dashwood Countess Galloway 1743-1830 was born to James Dashwood 2nd Baronet Dashwood 1713-1779 (30) and Elizabeth Spencer Lady Dashwood 1716-1798 (27) at Kirtlington.

In 1764 Joshua Reynolds 1723-1788. Portrait of Anne Dashwood Countess Galloway 1743-1830.

Leadwell, Oxfordshire

In 1746 Diana Dashwood 1746-1812 was born to Samuel Dashwood at Leadwell.

Lewknor, Oxfordshire

On 28 May 1757 Francis Fane 1698-1757 (59) died. He was buried at Lewknor.

On 18 Apr 1758 Charlotte Luther -1758 died. She was buried at Lewknor.

On 04 Jan 1759 Henry Fane 1751-1759 (8) died. He was buried at Lewknor.

On 28 Mar 1759 Richard Fane -1759 died. He was buried at Lewknor.

Little Rollright, Oxfordshire

St Philip's Church Little Rollright Oxfordshire

On 14 Jan 1868 John Chandos Reade 7th Baronet 1785-1868 (83) died. He was buried at St Philip's Church Little Rollright Oxfordshire. His will makes no mention of any relative, but (to the exclusion of his heir at law) devises the Shipton Court estate and (with trifling exception) all his real and personal estate to Joseph Wakefield, apparently his servant, whom he directs to take his name. The will was declared valid, and pr. 24 June 1868 when the devise took effect. His great nephew Chandos Stanhope Reade 8th Baronet 1851-1868 (16) succeeded 8th Baronet Reade of Barton in Berkshire.

Lower Arncott, Oxfordshire

The River Ray rises around 1500m north of Quainton from where it flows broadly west past Grendon Underwood, Blackthorn, Lower Arncott, Merton, Oddington to Islip where it joins the River Cherwell.

Merton, Oxfordshire

Chronica Majora 1236 A messenger arrives in England from the emperor. 11 Feb 1236. When the nuptial rejoicings were concluded, the king (28) left London and went to Merton, where he summoned the nobles to hear a message lately brought from the emperor (41), and to discuss the business of the kingdom. For messengers had come direct from the emperor to the king with letters, asking him without delay to send his brother Richard, earl of Cornwall (27), whose circumspect skill report had spread far and wide, to make war on the king of the French. He also promised, by way of assistance, to send all the Imperial forces, especially in order to enable the English king (28) not only to recover his continental possessions, but also, when they were regained, to extend his former possessions. To this, the king (28) and the nobles there assembled, after due deliberation, replied that it would not be safe or prudent to send one so young out of the kingdom and to expose him to the doubtful chances and dangers of war, since he was the only apparent heir of the king and kingdom, and the hopes of all were centred in him next to the king. For the king, although he was married, had no children, and the queen his wife (13) was still young, and did not know whether she was fruitful or barren. But if it was agreeable to his excellency the emperor to summon any other brave man he chose, from amongst the nobles of the kingdom, for the purpose, they, the king, and all his friends and subjects, in accordance with his request, would at once render him all the assistance in their power. The messengers, on receiving this reply, returned to inform their lord.

The River Ray rises around 1500m north of Quainton from where it flows broadly west past Grendon Underwood, Blackthorn, Lower Arncott, Merton, Oddington to Islip where it joins the River Cherwell.

Middleton Stoney, Oxfordshire

Diary of Henry Machyn August 1552. 12 Aug 1552. The iij day of August was ther born [in Oxford] shyre, at a towne callyd Myddylltun Stonny [eleven miles] from Oxford, dwellynge at the syne of the Egyll, was the good wyff of the howsse deleverd of a chyld be-gotten of her late hosband of John [Kenner] of the towne of Myddylltun Stonny late dyssessed, ... forme and shape as youe have sene and hard, and boyth the for parts and the hynder partes of the said ... sam chylderyn havyng ij heds, ij bodys, iiij armes, [iiij] hands, with one bely, on navyll, one fondamentt at [which] they voyd both uryne and ordure; and then thay have [ij] leges with ij fett, one syd, and on the odur syd, on leg [with] ij fette havyng butt ix tooys—monstrus!

All Saints' Church Middleton Stoney, Oxfordshire

Villiers Vault All Saints' Church Middleton Stoney, Oxfordshire

On 25 Jul 1821 Frances Twysden 1753-1821 (68) died in Cheltenham. She was buried in the Villiers Vault All Saints' Church Middleton Stoney.

Mixbury, Oxfordshire

On 27 Nov 1812 Roundell Palmer 1st Earl Selborne 1812-1895 was born at Mixbury.

Newbridge, Oxfordshire

Around 1250. Newbridge is a 13th Century bridge over the River Thames one of three bridges built on the orders of King John (83) to facilitate the wool trade; the other two being St John's Bridge Lechlade and Radcot Bridge.

North Aston, Oxfordshire

North Leigh, Oxfordshire

St Mary's Church North Leigh, Oxfordshire

St Mary's Church North Leigh. The tomb is thought to be that of Sir William Wilcote and his wife (c. 1442). Located in the Wilcote Chapel. 2: Memorial to Henry Perrot (died 1740) by Ricketts of Gloucester. On a high resolution image it is immediately apparent how many of these monuments could do with a really good 'spring-clean'. There are cobwebs everywhere! 3: Dr Robert Perrott, 1605 his wife Mary (Withington) with their 8 children The Perrott family were Lords of the Manor. The Perrott north aisle was later built c1690. 4: Monument to William Lenthall (father of Speaker Lenthall), died 1596 and wife.

Northbrook, Oxfordshire

On 14 Jul 1734 Robert Dashwood 1st Baronet Dashwood 1662-1734 (71) died at Northbrook. His grandson James Dashwood 2nd Baronet Dashwood 1713-1779 (21) succeeded 2nd Baronet Dashwood of Kirtlington Park in Oxfordshire.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Portrait of Robert Dashwood 1st Baronet Dashwood 1662-1734.

Nuneham Courtenay, Oxfordshire

On 07 Jan 1835 Montagu Bertie 6th Earl Abingdon 1808-1884 (26) and Elizabeth Lavinia Harcourt Countess Abingdon -1858 were married at Nuneham Courtenay.

Nuneham House, Nuneham Courtenay, Oxfordshire

On 16 Sep 1777 Simon Harcourt 1st Earl Harcourt 1714-1777 (63) drowned in a well at Nuneham House whilst trying to rescue his dog. His son George Harcourt 2nd Earl Harcourt 1736-1809 (41) succeeded 2nd Earl Harcourt of Stanton Harcourt, 3rd Viscount Harcourt of Stanton Harcourt in Oxfordshire 1C 1721. Elizabeth Venables-Vernon Countess Harcourt 1746-1826 (31) by marriage Countess Harcourt of Stanton Harcourt.

On 31 Jan 1863 Lewis Vernon-Harcourt 1st Viscount Harcourt 1863-1922 was born to William George Granville Harcourt 1827-1904 (35) and Maria Thérese Lister -1863 at Nuneham House. His mother died a day after his birth.

Oddington, Oxfordshire

The River Ray rises around 1500m north of Quainton from where it flows broadly west past Grendon Underwood, Blackthorn, Lower Arncott, Merton, Oddington to Islip where it joins the River Cherwell.

Oxford

Pusey, Oxfordshire

On 10 Dec 1849 Henry John George Herbert 3rd Earl Carnarvon 1800-1849 (49) died at Pusey. His son Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert 4th Earl Carnarvon 1831-1890 (18) succeeded 4th Earl Carnarvon 3C 1793, 4th Baron Porchester.

Radcot, Oxfordshire

Radcot Bridge, Oxfordshire

Radcot Bridge is two adajcent bridges over the River Thames.

Around 1250. Newbridge is a 13th Century bridge over the River Thames one of three bridges built on the orders of King John (83) to facilitate the wool trade; the other two being St John's Bridge Lechlade and Radcot Bridge.

On 22 Dec 1387 the forces of the Lords Appellant led by the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (20) prevented the forces of King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (20) commanded by Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) from crossing the bridge over the River Thames at Radcot in Oxfordshire. When Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (32) arrived with further Lord Appellant forces the King's men were encircled. The King's men attempted to force the crossing of the bridge at which time the only casualties occurred including Thomas Molyneux Constable Chester Castle 1338-1387 (49) who was killed by Thomas Mortimer 1350-1399 (37). Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) narrowly escaped to France. Around 800 of his men drowned in the marshes whilst trying to escape.

Radley, Oxfordshire

Church of St James the Great, Radley, Oxfordshire

On 01 Jul 1860 George Bowyer 6th and 2nd Baronet 1783-1860 (77) died at Dresden. He was buried at the Church of St James the Great. His son George Bowyer 7th and 3rd Baronet 1811-1883 (48) succeeded 7th Baronet Bowyer of Denham Court, 3rd Baronet Bowyer of Radley.

On 07 Jun 1883 George Bowyer 7th and 3rd Baronet 1811-1883 (71) died unmarried. He was buried at the Church of St James the Great. His brother William Bowyer 8th and 4th Baronet 1812-1893 (70) succeeded 8th Baronet Bowyer of Denham Court, 4th Baronet Bowyer of Radley.

Radley Hall, Oxfordshire

On 06 Dec 1800 George Bowyer 5th and 1st Baronet 1740-1800 (60) died at Radley Hall. His son George Bowyer 6th and 2nd Baronet 1783-1860 (17) succeeded 6th Baronet Bowyer of Denham Court, 2nd Baronet Bowyer of Radley.

Rotherfield, Oxfordshire

Around 1315 Maud Burghesh Baroness Grey Rotherfield 1315-1387 was born to Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355 (28) and Elizabeth Verdun Baroness Burghesh 1300-1360 (15) at Rotherfield.

Rotherfield Greys

Rycote

Segsbury Camp, Oxfordshire

The Ridgeway Path is an ancient footpath that extends from Knap Hill, on the south of the Avebury Plateau, or The Sanctuary, to Ivinghoe Beacon - a distance of more than eighty miles following the scarp slopes. From Knap Hill the Ridgeway Path passes The Sanctuary, Prehistoric Avebury, Barbury Castle, Liddington Castle, Wayland's Smithy Long Barrow, Uffington Castle and White Horse, Segsbury Camp, Scutchamer Knob, Goring, Swyncome, Chinnor, Princes Risborough, Boddington Hill Fort, Tring, Ivinghoe Beacon.

550BC. Segsbury Camp is a Multivallate Hill Fort with extensive ditch and ramparts and four gateways.

Shipton-on-Cherwell, Oxfordshire

Shipton-on-Cherwell is on the River Cherwell.

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Shipton-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire

On 17 Nov 1663 Compton Reade 1st Baronet 1625-1679 (38) purchased the estate of Shipton-under-Wychwood.

Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire

On 23 Aug 1733 Janet Carrier Countess Macclesfield 1661-1733 (72) died at Shirburn Castle.

Shotover, Oxfordshire

John Evelyn's Diary 08 July 1675. 08 Jul 1675. I went with Mrs. Howard (49) and her two daughters toward Northampton Assizes, about a trial at law, in which I was concerned for them as a trustee. We lay this night at Henley-on-the-Thames, at our attorney, Mr. Stephens's, who entertained us very handsomely. Next day, dining at Shotover, at Sir Timothy Tyrill's (58), a sweet place, we lay at Oxford, where it was the time of the Act. Mr. Robert Spencer (46), uncle to the Earl of Sunderland (33), and my old acquaintance in France, entertained us at his apartment in Christ Church with exceeding generosity.

Shotover House, Oxfordshire

John Evelyn's Diary 24 October 1664. 24 Oct 1664. We dined at Sir Timothy Tyrill's (47) at Shotover. This gentleman married the daughter and heir (45) of Dr. James Usher (83), Archbishop of Armagh, that learned prelate. There is here in the grove a fountain of the coldest water I ever felt, and very clear. His plantation of oaks and other timber is very commendable. We went in the evening to Oxford, lay at Dr. Hyde's (47), principal of Magdalen-Hall (related to the Lord Chancellor (55)), brother to the Lord Chief Justice (69) and that Sir Henry Hyde (59), who lost his head for his loyalty. We were handsomely entertained two days. The Vice-Chancellor, who with Dr. Fell, Dean of Christ Church, the learned Dr. Barlow, Warden of Queen's, and several heads of houses, came to visit Lord Cornbury his father (55) being now Chancellor of the University), and next day invited us all to dinner. I went to visit Mr. Boyle (37) (now here), whom I found with Dr. Wallis and Dr. Christopher Wren, in the tower of the schools, with an inverted tube, or telescope, observing the discus of the sun for the passing of Mercury that day before it; but the latitude was so great that nothing appeared; so we went to see the rarities in the library, where the keepers showed me my name among the benefactors. They have a cabinet of some medals, and pictures of the muscular parts of man's body. Thence, to the new theater, now building at an exceeding and royal expense by the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury [Sheldon (66)], to keep the Acts in for the future, till now being in St. Mary's Church. The foundation had been newly laid, and the whole designed by that incomparable genius my worthy friend, Dr. Christopher Wren, who showed me the model, not disdaining my advice in some particulars. Thence, to see the picture on the wall over the altar of All Souls, being the largest piece of fresco painting (or rather in imitation of it, for it is in oil of turpentine) in England, not ill designed by the hand of one Fuller; yet I fear it will not hold long. It seems too full of nakeds for a chapel.

Thence, to New College, and the painting of Magdalen chapel, which is on blue cloth in chiar oscuro, by one Greenborow, being a Cœna Domini, and a "Last Judgment" on the wall by Fuller, as in the other, but somewhat varied.

Next to Wadham, and the Physic Garden, where were two large locust trees, and as many platani (plane trees), and some rare plants under the culture of old Bobart.

Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 1661. Remigius van Leemput Painter 1607-1675. Copy of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 portrait of Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury and his first wife Theodosia Capell. In 1689. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Robert Boyle Scientist 1627-1691.

On 23 Oct 1701 Timothy Tyrrell 1617-1701 (84) died at Shotover House.

Somerton, Oxfordshire

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Spelsbury, Oxfordshire

In 1639 Francis Henry Lee 2nd Baronet Lee 1616-1639 (23) died in Spelsbury. His son Henry Lee 3rd Baronet Lee 1638-1659 (1) succeeded 3nd Baronet Lee of Quarrendon in Buckinghamshire.

On 15 Feb 1743 George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield 1690-1743 (52) died at Spelsbury. His son George Henry Lee 3rd Earl Lichfield 1718-1772 (24) succeeded 3rd Earl Lichfield 2C 1674. Dinah Frankland Countess Lichfield 1719-1779 (24) by marriage Countess Lichfield.

Sunningwell Oxfordshire

On or before 18 Mar 1668 Hannibal Baskerville 1597-1668 (70) died. He was buried on 18 Mar 1668 at Sunningwell Oxfordshire.

Standlake, Oxfordshire

Around 1172 Eve Grey 1172-1242 was born to John Grey 1150-1192 (22) and Elena Clare 1154-1184 (18) at Standlake.

Stanton Harcourt

Steeple Ashton, Oxfordshire

Around 1436 Margery Dynham 1436-1507 was born to John Dynham 1406-1458 (30) and Joan Arches 1410-1497 (26) probably in Steeple Ashton.

Stoke Lyne, Oxfordshire

In 584 Ceawlin King Wessex -592 and his son Cutha Wessex defeated the Britons at the Battle of Fethan Leag which was probably fought at Stoke Lyne.

Padbury Brook rises near Fritwell from where it flows past Ardley, Stoke Lyne, Fringford, Godington, Twyford, under Padbury and the medieval Thornbrough bridges, after which it joins the River Great Ouse.

Stonor, Oxfordshire

On 21 May 1494 William Stonor 1450-1494 (44) died in Stonor.

On 14 Jun 1518 Anne Stonor 1484-1518 (34) died in Stonor.

Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire

Around 1291 Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 was born to Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 (24) and Isolde le Rous 1269-1328 (22) at Stratton Audley. He a great x 3 grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

On 01 Feb 1689 John Borlase 2nd Baronet 1642-1689 (47) died unmarried. He was buried at Stratton Audley. Baronet Borlase of Bockmer in Buckinghamshire extinct. His estates were inherited by his nephew Borlase Warren 1677-1747 (12).

In 1703 Ann Borlase -1703 died. Her son Borlase Warren 1677-1747 (26) inherited the Stratton Audley estates.

Swinbrook, Oxfordshire

On 01 Nov 1568 Archbishop Hugh Curwen 1500-1568 (68) died at Swinbrook. He was buried at St John the Baptist Church Burford.

Swinford Bridge, Oxfordshire

1789. Swinford Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames in Oxfordshire which opened in 1789.

Swyncome, Oxfordshire

The Ridgeway Path is an ancient footpath that extends from Knap Hill, on the south of the Avebury Plateau, or The Sanctuary, to Ivinghoe Beacon - a distance of more than eighty miles following the scarp slopes. From Knap Hill the Ridgeway Path passes The Sanctuary, Prehistoric Avebury, Barbury Castle, Liddington Castle, Wayland's Smithy Long Barrow, Uffington Castle and White Horse, Segsbury Camp, Scutchamer Knob, Goring, Swyncome, Chinnor, Princes Risborough, Boddington Hill Fort, Tring, Ivinghoe Beacon.

Thame, Oxfordshire

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 950-999. 970. This year died Archbishop Oskytel; who was first consecrated diocesan bishop at Dorchester, and afterwards it was by the consent of King Edred and all his council that he was consecrated Archbishop of York. He was bishop two and twenty winters; and he died on Alhallow-mas night, ten nights before Martinmas, at Thame. Abbot Thurkytel, his relative, carried the bishop's body to Bedford, because he was the abbot there at that time.

On 14 Oct 1559 John Williams 1st Baron Williams 1500-1559 (59) died at Ludlow Castle. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Thame. Isabel Williams 1522-1587 (37) inherited Thame. His son Francis William 2nd Baron Thame -1560 succeeded 2nd Baron Williams of Thame although he died four months later at which time the Barony became extinct. Some sources don't mention Francis William 2nd Baron Thame -1560 regarding the Barony as extinct following the death of John Williams 1st Baron Williams 1500-1559 (59).

In 1567 William Harvey Officer of Arms 1510-1567 (57) died at Thame.

St Mary the Virgin Church Thame, Oxfordshire

On 14 Oct 1559 John Williams 1st Baron Williams 1500-1559 (59) died at Ludlow Castle. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Thame. Isabel Williams 1522-1587 (37) inherited Thame. His son Francis William 2nd Baron Thame -1560 succeeded 2nd Baron Williams of Thame although he died four months later at which time the Barony became extinct. Some sources don't mention Francis William 2nd Baron Thame -1560 regarding the Barony as extinct following the death of John Williams 1st Baron Williams 1500-1559 (59).

Diary of Henry Machyn November 1559. 15 Nov 1559. The xv day of November was bered at Tame my lord Wylliam of Tame (59), with a iij harold of armes, master Clarenshux (49), master Chester (61), and Ruge-dragon, with a standard, a grett baner of armes, and viij [8] baner-rolles of armes, and a xij [12] dosen skochyons, and a C [100] morners, and a lx [60] gownes for pore men, and grett dolle of money, and after a grett dener.

Twyford Wharf, Oxfordshire

The River Cherwell rises at Hellidon in Northamptonshire and travels broadly south passing through, or near, Charwelton, which gives the river its name, Woodford Halse, West Farndon, Cropredy Banbury, Twyford Wharf, Clifton, Somerton, Upper Heyford and Lower Heyford, Enslow, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Hampton Poyle and Islip after which it joins the River Thames south-west of Oxford

Uffington, Oxfordshire

On 10 Dec 1828 Jane "Jeanie" Elizabeth Hughes 1828-1877 was born to John Hughes 1790-1857 (38) at Uffington.

1857 to 1858. George Frederick Watts 1817-1904. Portrait of Jane

Wallingford, Oxfordshire

Wallingford is on the River Thames.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1006. This year Elfeah (53) was consecrated Archbishop; Bishop Britwald succeeded to the see of Wiltshire; Wulfgeat was deprived of all his property; (51) Wulfeah and Ufgeat were deprived of sight; Alderman Elfelm was slain; and Bishop Kenulf (52) departed this life. Then, over midsummer, came the Danish fleet to Sandwich, and did as they were wont; they barrowed and burned and slew as they went. Then the king (40) ordered out all the population from Wessex and from Mercia; and they lay out all the harvest under arms against the enemy; but it availed nothing more than it had often done before. For all this the enemy went wheresoever they would; and the expedition did the people more harm than either any internal or external force could do. When winter approached, then went the army home; and the enemy retired after Martinmas to their quarters in the Isle of Wight, and provided themselves everywhere there with what they wanted. Then, about midwinter, they went to their ready farm, throughout Hampshire into Berkshire, to Reading. And they did according to their custom,—they lighted their camp-beacons as they advanced. Thence they marched to Wallingford, which they entirely destroyed, and passed one night at Cholsey. They then turned along Ashdown to Cuckamsley-hill, and there awaited better cheer; for it was often said, that if they sought Cuckamsley, they would never get to the sea. But they went another way homeward. Then was their army collected at Kennet; and they came to battle there, and soon put the English force to flight; and afterwards carried their spoil to the sea. There might the people of Winchester see the rank and iniquitous foe, as they passed by their gates to the sea, fetching their meat and plunder over an extent of fifty miles from sea. Then was the king (40) gone over the Thames into Shropshire; and there he fixed his abode during midwinter. Meanwhile, so great was the fear of the enemy, that no man could think or devise how to drive them from the land, or hold this territory against them; for they had terribly marked each shire in Wessex with fire and devastation. Then the king (40) began to consult seriously with his council, what they all thought most advisable for defending this land, ere it was utterly undone. Then advised the king (40) and his council for the advantage of all the nation, though they were all loth to do it, that they needs must bribe the enemy with a tribute. The king (40) then sent to the army, and ordered it to be made known to them, that his desire was, that there should be peace between them, and that tribute and provision should be given them. And they accepted the terms; and they were provisioned throughout England.

51. See a more full and circumstantial account of these events, with some variation of names, in Florence of Worcester.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Henry I Beauclerc 1126. 1126. All this year was the King Henry (58) in Normandy—all till after harvest. Then came he to this land, betwixt the Nativity of St. Mary and Michaelmas. With him came the queen (46), and his daughter (23), whom he had formerly given to the Emperor Henry of Lorrain (44) to wife. And he brought with him the Earl Waleram (22), and Hugh, the son of Gervase (28). And the earl (22) he sent to Bridgenorth in captivity: and thence he sent him afterwards to Wallingford; and Hugh (28) to Windsor Castle, whom he ordered to be kept in strong bonds.

In 1165 Gilbert Basset 1095-1165 (70) died at Wallingford.

On 03 Aug 1271 John Plantagenet 1266-1271 (5) died at Wallingford whilst in the care of his great uncle Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (62). He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. 16 Jan 1310 King Edward II of England (25). The Grove Watford. To the Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer. Order to discharge the Abbot of Hayles of 100l.yearly, the rent of the manor of Lychelad, as the King granted it to Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (26) and Margaret his wife.

To the same. Order to discharge the men of Wallingford of the ferm of that town from August 5 last, to Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (26) and Margaret his wife.

On 11 Jul 1372 Edmund of Langley (31) and Isabella of Castile (17) were married at Wallingford. He a son of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Cambridge. She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile (18) who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

Cholsey, Wallingford, Oxfordshire

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1000-1049. 1006. This year Elfeah (53) was consecrated Archbishop; Bishop Britwald succeeded to the see of Wiltshire; Wulfgeat was deprived of all his property; (51) Wulfeah and Ufgeat were deprived of sight; Alderman Elfelm was slain; and Bishop Kenulf (52) departed this life. Then, over midsummer, came the Danish fleet to Sandwich, and did as they were wont; they barrowed and burned and slew as they went. Then the king (40) ordered out all the population from Wessex and from Mercia; and they lay out all the harvest under arms against the enemy; but it availed nothing more than it had often done before. For all this the enemy went wheresoever they would; and the expedition did the people more harm than either any internal or external force could do. When winter approached, then went the army home; and the enemy retired after Martinmas to their quarters in the Isle of Wight, and provided themselves everywhere there with what they wanted. Then, about midwinter, they went to their ready farm, throughout Hampshire into Berkshire, to Reading. And they did according to their custom,—they lighted their camp-beacons as they advanced. Thence they marched to Wallingford, which they entirely destroyed, and passed one night at Cholsey. They then turned along Ashdown to Cuckamsley-hill, and there awaited better cheer; for it was often said, that if they sought Cuckamsley, they would never get to the sea. But they went another way homeward. Then was their army collected at Kennet; and they came to battle there, and soon put the English force to flight; and afterwards carried their spoil to the sea. There might the people of Winchester see the rank and iniquitous foe, as they passed by their gates to the sea, fetching their meat and plunder over an extent of fifty miles from sea. Then was the king (40) gone over the Thames into Shropshire; and there he fixed his abode during midwinter. Meanwhile, so great was the fear of the enemy, that no man could think or devise how to drive them from the land, or hold this territory against them; for they had terribly marked each shire in Wessex with fire and devastation. Then the king (40) began to consult seriously with his council, what they all thought most advisable for defending this land, ere it was utterly undone. Then advised the king (40) and his council for the advantage of all the nation, though they were all loth to do it, that they needs must bribe the enemy with a tribute. The king (40) then sent to the army, and ordered it to be made known to them, that his desire was, that there should be peace between them, and that tribute and provision should be given them. And they accepted the terms; and they were provisioned throughout England.

51. See a more full and circumstantial account of these events, with some variation of names, in Florence of Worcester.

Mongewell Park Wallingford, Oxfordshire

St John the Baptist's Church Mongewell Park Wallingford, Oxfordshire

On 25 Mar 1826 Bishop Shute Barrington Bishop 1734-1826 (91) died in Soho. He was buried in St John the Baptist's Church Mongewell Park Wallingford.

1810 to 1811. William Owen 1769-1825. Portrait of Bishop Shute Barrington Bishop 1734-1826. Around 1787 George Romney Painter 1734-1802. Portrait of Bishop Shute Barrington Bishop 1734-1826. In 1817. Thomas Lawrence 1769-1830. Portrait of Bishop Shute Barrington Bishop 1734-1826. In 1805. John Opie Painter 1761-1807. Portrait of Bishop Shute Barrington Bishop 1734-1826.

Wargrave, Oxfordshire

Confluence of the Rivers Loddon and Thames, Wargrave, Oxfordshire

The River Loddon is a tributary of the River Thames which it joins just west of Wargrave. Its rises at Mapledurwell in Hampshire and flows broadly north passing Stratfield Saye House.

Watlington, Oxfordshire

Wedgenock, Oxfordshire

In Sep 1408 Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 was born to Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (26) and Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 (22) at Wedgenock.

Wheatfield, Oxfordshire

St Andrew's Church Wheatfield, Oxfordshire

Before 10 Dec 1615 Thomas Tipping 1615-1693 was born. On 10 Dec 1615 Thomas Tipping 1615-1693 was baptised in St Andrew's Church Wheatfield.

Around 1660 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of a Gentleman with a Dog, probably Thomas Tipping 1615-1693.

On 01 Mar 1693 Thomas Tipping 1615-1693 (77) died. He was buried in St Andrew's Church Wheatfield.

Whitchurch-on-Thames, Oxfordshire

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Whitchurch-on-Thames, Oxfordshire

On 05 Aug 1762 Philip Lybbe-Powys 1734-1809 (27) and Caroline Girle 1738-1817 (23) were married at the Church of St Mary the Virgin.

On 20 Apr 1809 Philip Lybbe-Powys 1734-1809 (74) was buried at the Church of St Mary the Virgin.

Wickham, Oxfordshire

In 1609 Thomas Chamberlayne 1st Baronet Chamberlayne -1643 was created 1st Baronet Chamberlayne of Wickham in Oxfordshire in Wickham.

In 1663 Penelope Chamberlayne Lady Dashwood 1663-1735 was born to Thomas Chamberlayne 2nd Baronet Chamberlayne 1635-1682 (28) at Wickham.

Around 1668 Catherine Chamberlayne Viscountess Wenman 1668-1742 was born to Thomas Chamberlayne 2nd Baronet Chamberlayne 1635-1682 (33) at Wickham.

Witham Chalgrave, Oxfordshire

Around 1472 Simon Harcourt 1472-1546 was born to Christopher Harcourt 1444-1474 (28) in Witham Chalgrave.

Witney

Woodstock

Wormandsleigh, Oxfordshire

On 20 Mar 1633 Margaret Cornwall 1573-1633 (60) died at Wormandsleigh.

Wroxton, Oxfordshire

In 1520 John Pope 1520-1583 was born at Wroxton.

Before 16 Dec 1622 Thomas Pope 2nd Earl Downe 1622-1660 was born to William Pope 1595-1631 and Elizabeth Watson 1600-1624. On 16 Dec 1622 Thomas Pope 2nd Earl Downe 1622-1660 was baptised at Wroxton.

In 1611 Robert

On 20 Apr 1636 Thomas Pope 3rd Earl Downe 1598-1668 (38) and Beatrix Poole were married at Wroxton.

On 28 Dec 1660 Thomas Pope 2nd Earl Downe 1622-1660 (38) died. On 11 Jan 1661 he was buried in Wroxton. His uncle Thomas Pope 3rd Earl Downe 1598-1668 (62) succeeded 3rd Earl Downe.

Wroxton Abbey Wroxton, Oxfordshire

In 1499 Ralph Greville 1421-1499 (78) died at Wroxton Abbey Wroxton.

John Evelyn's Diary 06 September 1685. 06 Sep 1685. Sunday. I went to prayer in the Chapell, and heard Dr. Standish. The second sermon was preach'd by Dr. Creighton (46), on 1 Thess. 4, 11, persuading to unity and peace, and to be mindfull of our owne businesse, according to the advise of the Apostle. Then I went to heare a Frenchman who preached before the King (51) and Queene (26) in that splendid Chapell next St. George's Hall. Their Maties going to masse, I withdrew to consider the stupendous painting of ye Hall, which, both for the art and invention, deserve the inscription in honour of the painter, Signior Verrio (49). The history is Edward the 3rd receiving the Black Prince, coming towards him in a Roman triumph. The whole roofe is the history of St. George. The throne, the carvings, &e. are incomparable, and I think equal to any, and in many circumstances exceeding any, I have seene abroad.

I din'd at Lord Sunderland's (44), with (amongst others) Sr Wm Soames (40), design'd Ambass. to Constantinople.

About 6 o'clock came Sl Dudley (44) and his brother Roger North (32), and brought the greate seale from my Lord Keeper (47), who died ye day before at his house in Oxfordshire. the King (55) went immediately to Council; every body guessing who was most likely to succeed this greate officer; most believing it could be no other than my Lord Chief Justice Jefferies (40), who had so vigorously prosecuted the late rebells, and was now gone the Western circuit, to punish the rest that were secur'd in the several counties, and was now neere upon his returne. I tooke my leave of his Ma* (51), who spake very graciously to me, and supping that night at Sr Stephen Fox's (58), I promis'd to dine there the next day.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II. In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. In 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Before 1685. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Francis North 1st Baron Guildford 1637-1685. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of George Around 1675 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of George Before 1725. John James Baker Painter -1725. Portrait of Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716.

Yarnton, Oxfordshire

In 1586 Catherine Spencer 1586-1612 was born to William Spencer 1549-1609 (37) in Yarnton.

Church of Saint Bartholomew, Yarnton, Oxfordshire

On 06 Mar 1685 Thomas Spencer 3rd Baronet 1639-1685 (46) died of apoplexy. He was buried in the Spencer Chapel at Church of Saint Bartholomew.