History of Reading

870 Battle of Englefield

871 Battle of Reading

1359 Double Royal Wedding

Reading is in Berkshire.

Reading is located where the River Kennet meets the River Thames.

Battle of Englefield

On 31 Dec 870 Æthelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (45) defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Englefield at Englefield. The Viking Army retreated to Reading. Sidrac Viking was killed.

Battle of Reading

On 04 Jan 871 Æthelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred the Great's (22) army attacked, but were repulsed by, the Viking army at Battle of Reading at Reading. Æthelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (46) was killed.

In 1492 Thomas White Mayor 1492-1567 was born to William White Clothier and Mary Kibblewhite at Reading.

On 07 Oct 1573 William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645 was born to William Laud and Lucy Webbe at Reading.

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645. Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645. Wearing a black Chimere over his white Rochet.

In 1591 Thomas Turner Dean Canterbury 1591-1672 was born in Reading.

In 1591 Thomas Turner Dean of Canterbury 1591-1672 was born to Thomas Turner of Heckfield in Hampshire at Reading.

In 1656 Constantine Henry Phipps 1656-1723 was born to Francis Phipps at Reading.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1464. 26 Sep 1664. Reading. Grant to Thomas Metcalf and Miles Metcalf, brothers of Edmund Metcalf, for their good service to the king, the king's father Richard, late duke of York, and the king's uncle Richard, late earl of Salisbury, of the custody of the body of Katharine Metcalf, late the wife of the said Edmund, and of all her lands and tenements in the county of York and in Kingeston on Hull, to hold during her idiotcy without rendering anything to the king, but finding a competent sustenance for her and supporting all charges, in the same manner as the same was granted to Thomas Witham, chancellor of the Exchequer, by letters patent, surrendered.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 16 June 1668. 16 Jun 1668. Tuesday. So paying the reckoning, 14s. 4d., and servants, 2s., poor 1s., set out; and overtook one coach and kept a while company with it, till one of our horses losing a shoe, we stopped and drank and spent 1s. So on, and passing through a good part of this county of Wiltshire, saw a good house of Alexander Popham's (63), and another of my Lord Craven's (60), I think in Barkeshire. Come to Newbery, and there dined, which cost me, and musick, which a song of the old courtier of Queen Elizabeth's, and how he was changed upon the coming in of the King (38), did please me mightily, and I did cause W. Hewer (26) to write it out, 3s. 6d. Then comes the reckoning, forced to change gold, 8s. 7d.; servants and poor, 1s. 6d. So out, and lost our way, which made me vexed, but come into it again; and in the evening betimes come to Reading, and there heard my wife read more of "Mustapha", and then to supper, and then I to walk about the town, which is a very great one, I think bigger than Salsbury: a river runs through it, in seven branches, and unite in one, in one part of the town, and runs into the Thames half-a-mile off one odd sign of the Broad Face. W. Hewer (26) troubled with the headake we had none of his company last night, nor all this day nor night to talk. Then to my inn, and so to bed.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of William Craven 1st Earl Craven 1608-1697. Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II In 1689 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715.

Caversham Reading, Berkshire

John Evelyn's Diary 22 July 1654. 22 Jul 1654. We departed and dined at a farm of my Uncle Hungerford's, called Darnford Magna, situated in a valley under the plain, most sweetly watered, abounding in trouts caught by spear in the night, when they come attracted by a light set in the stern of a boat.

After dinner, continuing our return, we passed over the goodly plain, or rather sea of carpet, which I think for evenness, extent, verdure, and innumerable flocks, to be one of the most delightful prospects in nature, and reminded me of the pleasant lives of shepherds we read of in romances.

Now we arrived at Stonehenge, indeed a stupendous. Monument, appearing at a distance like a castle; how so many and huge Pillars of stone should have been brought together, some erect, others transverse on the tops of them, in a circular area as rudely representing a cloister or heathen and more natural temple, is wonderful. The stone is so exceedingly hard, that all my strength with a hammer could not break a fragment; which hardness I impute to their so long exposure. To number them exactly is very difficult, they lie in such variety of postures and confusion, though they seemed not to exceed 100; we counted only 95. As to their being brought thither, there being no navigable river near, is by some admired; but for the stone, there seems to be the same kind about 20 miles distant, some of which appear above ground. About the same hills, are divers mounts raised, conceived to be ancient intrenchments, or places of burial, after bloody fights. We now went by Devizes, a reasonable large town, and came late to Cadenham.

John Evelyn's Diary 31 July 1654. 31 Jul 1654. Taking leave of Cadenham, where we had been long and nobly entertained, we went a compass into Leicestershire, where dwelt another relation of my wife's (19); for I indeed made these excursions to show her the most considerable parts of her native country, who, from her childhood, had lived altogether in France, as well as for my own curiosity and information.

About two miles before coming to Gloucester, we have a prospect from woody hills into a most goodly vale and country. Gloucester is a handsome city, considerable for the church and. Monuments. The minster is indeed a noble fabric. The whispering gallery is rare, being through a passage of twenty-five yards in a many-angled cloister, and was, I suppose, either to show the skill of the architect, or some invention of a cunning priest, who, standing unseen in a Recess in the middle of the chapel, might hear whatever was spoken at either end. This is above the choir, in which lies buried King Stephen under a. Monument of Irish oak, not ill carved considering the age. The new library is a noble though a private design. I was likewise pleased with the Severn gliding so sweetly by it. The Duke's house, the castle works, are now almost quite dismantled; nor yet without sad thoughts did I see the town, considering how fatal the siege had been a few years before to our good King.

On 21 Feb 1722 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (19) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (18) were married at Caversham Reading. She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Countess Albermarle.

In 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754. Around 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789. Around 1778 George Romney Painter 1734-1802. Portrait of Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789.

Caversham Castle Caversham Reading, Berkshire

On 13 Jul 1426 Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 was born to Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (44) and Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick Countess Worcester 1400-1439 (25) at Caversham Castle Caversham Reading. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Englefield, Reading, Berkshire

On 31 Dec 870 Æthelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (45) defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Englefield at Englefield. The Viking Army retreated to Reading. Sidrac Viking was killed.

Around 1455 Thomas Englefield Speaker of the House of Commons 1453-1514 probably in Englefield.

Olympia Ballroom Reading, Berkshire

On 05 Jan 1964 the Rolling Stones played at the Ricky Tick club at the Olympia Ballroom Reading.

Reading Abbey, Berkshire

On 23 Apr 1151 Adeliza of Louvain Queen Consort England (48) died. She was buried at Reading Abbey.

In Apr 1156 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (2) died at Wallingford Castle. He was buried at Reading Abbey at the feet of his great-grandfather King Henry I "Beauclerc" England 1068-1135 (88).

On 01 Jul 1175 Reginald de Dunstanville Fitzroy 1st Earl Cornwall 1110-1175 (65) died at Chertsey. He was buried at Reading Abbey.

On 22 Sep 1232 John Cornwall 1232-1232 died at Marlow. He was buried at Reading Abbey.

After 13 Mar 1271 Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271 was buried at Reading Abbey.

On 19 May 1359 , or thereabouts, a double-royal wedding celebration took place at Reading Abbey whereby two children of King Edward III England (46) were married:

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She by marriage Countess Richmond.

John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) and Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Pembroke 1346-1361 (12) were married. They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of John "Lackland" King England 1166-1216. She a daughter of King Edward III England. At the time John Hastings 2nd Earl Pembroke 1347-1375 (11) was a ward of King Edward III England (55) who would enjoy the benefit of the substantial revenue of the Earldom of Pembroke until John came of age nine years later on 12 Sep 1368. She died two or so years later probably of plague.

On 24 Aug 1369 Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl Dunbar aka March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (17) and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (14) were married at Reading Abbey. They were fourth cousins. She a granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess March. Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl Dunbar aka March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (17) by marriage 5th Earl Ulster.

On 29 Nov 1416 Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (42) died at Reading Abbey.

On 11 Jun 1446 Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (21) died. His daughter Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (3) succeeded 15th Earl Warwick 1C 1088, 7th Baron Burghesh 2C 1330. She was buried at Reading Abbey.

Reading School Reading, Berkshire

Around 1585 William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645 (11) educated at Reading School Reading.

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645. Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645. Wearing a black Chimere over his white Rochet.

Woodcote Reading, Berkshire

John Evelyn's Diary 01 January 1655. 01 Jan 1655. Having with my family performed the public offices of the day, and begged a blessing on the year I was now entering, I went to keep the rest of Christmas at my brother's, R. Evelyn (32), at Woodcot.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 December 1665. 30 Dec 1665. To Woodcot, where I supped at my Baroness Mordaunt's (33) at Ashsted [Note. Possibly in Fulham where Baroness Mordaunt was subsequently buried?] where was a room hung with pintado, full of figures great and small, prettily representing sundry trades and occupations of the Indians, with their habits; here supped also Dr. Duke, a learned and facetious gentleman.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 February 1688. 17 Feb 1688. I received the sad news of my niece Montague's death at Woodcot on the 15th.

The Oratory School Woodcote Reading, Berkshire

Around 1897 Bernard Fitzalan Howard 3rd Baron Howard 1885-1972 (11) educated at The Oratory School Woodcote Reading.

Around 1923 Bernard Fitzalan 16th Duke Norfolk 1908-1975 (14) educated at The Oratory School Woodcote Reading.