History of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford

St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford is in Bottesford.

Around 1140 St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford was commissioned by William "Brito aka Breton" D'Aubigny 1086-1148 (54). The current Chancel formed that church.

Around 1280 Robert Ros 1236-1285 (44) commissioned the extension of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford adding the nave and aisles in the Decorated style.

Around 1345 the South Aisle at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford was further developed albeit interrupted by the Black Death.

After 01 Sep 1414 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley 1370-1414 was buried at Belvoir Priory. At the dissolution of the monasteries his monument was moved to the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford on the right side of the High Altar. Alabaster Monument of the Camail and Jupon Period. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.

Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

Scabbard with IHS. Wire Wrapped Grip. Hip Belt.

Detail of the Ros Family Peacock Crest surmounting his Great Helm.

Detail of decorated Orle and Vervelle Cover.

Detail of Lancastrian Esses Collar and face. Note the twisted moustache that is frequently seen on Sutton and Prentys monuments. The fixing of the Esses Collar to the Camail using a small trefoil.

In 1420 the tower and spire at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford were constructed.

After 23 Mar 1421 John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 was buried at Belvoir Priory. His remains and monument were subsequently relocated to the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Early Plate Bascinet Period.

Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

Detail of Lancastrian Esses Collar and the trefoil fixing holding the Lancastrian Esses Collar to the bottom of the Camail.

Detail of IHC NASARE Lettering and Decorated Orle and decorated Vervelle Covers. Bascinet with Gorget. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

Detail of the Ros Peacock Crest which surmounted his Great Helm; only the feet remain.

Detail of the Spaulder and Besagew with some early graffiti.

Detail of the Hourglass Gauntlets and graffiti.

On 20 Sep 1543 Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (51) died. He was buried in the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland 1526-1563 (16) succeeded 2nd Earl Rutland 3C 1525, 13th Baron Ros Helmsley. Margaret Neville Countess Rutland -1559 by marriage Countess Rutland.

After 20 Sep 1543. Alabaster Monument to Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 and Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 in the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

Chest with Weepers. Monument sculpted by Richard Parker of Burton on Trent.

Detail of his head with a short haircut and beard. He wearing a circlet, possibly coronet. His head resting on a Great Helm with Peacock in Pride ie with its feathers displayed.

Detail of his Leg Garter, Shoulder Garter and his Knots and Encircled Sheilds Collar Livery Collar.

Her feet on a Griffin. His feet resting on a Unicorn, with its horn missing.

His Mitten Gauntlets with the cloven-hooved foot of the Unicorn visible.

Detail of his Great Helm with Cap of Maintenance and the Manners Peacock in Pride ie with its feathers displayed.

Detail of the panels of the chest.

Detail of her dress with fastenings, heart locket, hands crasped in prayer.

On 17 Sep 1563 Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland 1526-1563 (36) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Edward Manners 3rd Earl Rutland 1549-1587 (14) succeeded 3rd Earl Rutland 3C 1525, 14th Baron Ros Helmsley. Edward Manners 3rd Earl Rutland 1549-1587 (14) became a ward of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (30) and was specially under the charge of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (43).

Around 1546. William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland before her accession painted for her father. Around 1570 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. In 1579 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. The Plimton Sieve Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1585 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Ermine Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636. The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland. After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office. After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

After 17 Sep 1563. Alabaster Monument to Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland 1526-1563 and Margaret Neville Countess Rutland -1559 at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

Monument an unusual Table Tomb with their effigies beneath surmounted by effigies of their children. The table may once have been raised in the same way as the one at St Lawrence's Church Snarford to Thomas St Paul -1582 which may be by the same carver.

His arms showing quarterly: 1&4: Manners Augmented.
2nd: Top Row: Ros, Roet, Trusbutt [or Belvoir], Bottom Row: Todeni [Albini ancient], Daubeney, Badlesmere.
3rd Quarterly: 1 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350 1397, 2 Tiptoft, 3 Vaux 4 Powys aka Charlton.

Her arms. Quartered 1&4 Neville, 2 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350 1397, 4 Neville Ancient Arms.

Detail of his Leg Garter.

Peacock in Pride ie with its feathers displayed.

Detail of their children.

Detail of the corner of the pediment on which the arms are displayed decorated with fruit and detail of one of the legs of the table.

Detail of his armour, in his right hand a prayer-book, his left hand clutching his sword.

Detail of the St George Pendant Pendant signifying his being a Knight of the Order of the Garter.

Detail of the Unicorn on which his feet rest and Lion on which her feet rest.

After 14 Apr 1587. Elizabethan Period monument to Edward Manners 3rd Earl Rutland 1549-1587 and Isabel Holcroft Countess Rutland 1550-1606 sculpted by Gerard Johnson The Elder Sculptor 1550-1611 in the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

Both wearing a Ruff.

Detail of the sculpture of their only child Elizabeth Manners 15th Baroness Ros Helmsley 1575-1591 (12).

His feet resting on a Bulls Head with a chained coronet around its neck - a change from the Unicorn seen on earlier Manners effigies.

Detail of his Leg Garter and his Poleyn and Shoulder Garter.

Detail of her Ermine lined mantle and hands clasped in prayer.

Her arms quarterd 1&4 Holcroft 2 Unknown? A squirrel, possibly fox, eating what may be a nut. 3 A black bird and an infant wrapped in swaddling clothes.

On 14 Apr 1587 Edward Manners 3rd Earl Rutland 1549-1587 (37) died at his home Ivy Bridge on the Strand or at Puddle Wharf aka Dock. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Elizabeth Manners 15th Baroness Ros Helmsley 1575-1591 (12) succeeded 15th Baron Ros Helmsley. John Manners 4th Earl Rutland 1551-1588 (36) succeeded 4th Earl Rutland 3C 1525. Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland 1553-1595 (34) by marriage Countess Rutland. He would be Earl for ten months only dying on 24 Feb 1588.

On 24 Feb 1588. Elizabethan Period monument to John Manners 4th Earl Rutland 1551-1588 (37) and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland 1553-1595 (35) in the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford sculpted by Gerard Johnson The Elder Sculptor 1550-1611 (38)

Detail of the Bulls Head with a chained coronet around its neck on which his feet rest, and the Lion on which her feet rest.

Detail of the Biographical panels.

Armorial above the monument showing top row: Manners Augmented, Ros, Roet, Trusbutt [or Belvoir],
2nd Row: Beauchamp, Beaumont, Berkeley, Lisle
3rd Row: Unknown, Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350 1397, Tiptoft, Powys aka Charlton
4th Row: Badlesmere, Vaux, Todeni [Albini ancient] Arms, Daubeney.

Around 21 Mar 1595 Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland 1553-1595 (42) died. She was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

In 1612 Elizabeth Sidney Countess Rutland 1585-1612 (27) died. She was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

After 26 Jun 1612. Elizabethan Period monument to Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 and Elizabeth Sidney Countess Rutland 1585-1612 at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford sculpted by Nicholas Johnson Sculptor -1624. Cost £150 including carriage by sea from London to Boston.

On 26 Jun 1612 Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 (35) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (34) succeeded 6th Earl Rutland 3C 1525. Cecily Tufton Countess Rutland -1653 by marriage Countess Rutland.

On 17 Dec 1632 Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (54) died at Bishop's Stortford. On 20 Feb 1633 he was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. Katherine Manners Duchess Buckingham 1602-1649 (30) succeeded 18th Baron Ros Helmsley. George Manners 7th Earl Rutland 1580-1641 (52) succeeded 7th Earl Rutland 3C 1525. Frances Carey Countess Rutland 1571-1644 (61) by marriage Countess Rutland.

Around 1628 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Katherine Manners Duchess Buckingham 1602-1649.

After 17 Dec 1642 Monument to Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632, Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill 1566-1605 and Cecily Tufton Countess Rutland -1653 at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

Detail of his Leg Garter.

Detail of the Manner's family Peacock in Pride.

On 29 Sep 1679 John Manners 8th Earl Rutland 1604-1679 (75) died at Nether Haddon. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford. John Manners 1st Duke Rutland 1638-1711 (41) succeeded 9th Earl Rutland 3C 1525. Catherine Noel Duchess Rutland 1657-1733 (22) by marriage Countess Rutland.

Before 1733. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Catherine Noel Duchess Rutland 1657-1733.

In Jan 1999 the funeral of the 10th Duke of Rutland (80) was held at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

Interior of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

Exterior of St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford.

Commonwealth War Graves at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford including one to Flight Sargeant William Dundas Fordwych who was killed aged twenty-one with the rest of his crew on 19 Aug 1942. Took off 0001 hrs to practicing overshoot procedures. The starboard outer engine was feathered by error, resulting in a stall and the crash that followed at 01.15hrs at Normanton, 12 miles NE of Nottingham.

Memorial in the churchyard at St Mary the Virgin Church Bottesford to Rev Augustin Megginson of Bolam Northumberland1823-1856.