History of Westminster

1153 Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

1272 Death of Henry III

1397 Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel

1474 Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead

1483 Death of Edward IV

1511 Tournament

1540 May Day Jousting

1665 Great Plague of London

1666 Poll Bill

1962 London Premiere of Lawrence of Arabia

Westminster is in London.

Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59). The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop of Canterbury 1090-1161 (63) at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster. His son Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (33) succeeded I King England. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (31) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Close Rolls Edward II 1307 1313. 24 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (23). Canterbury. To the Sheriffs of London. Order to deliver John de la Dune, Roger de Hopton, Richard le Harpour, Roger de Soppewalle, Roger le Keu, Rober le Hunt, Thomas de Sydenham, Henry le Gardener, Thomas de la More, Philip Kemp, John le Wayt, and John le Wodeward, the men and servants of Adam de Kyngeshemede, in the King's prison of Newgate for a trespass committed by them upon the King's men at Westminster, from prison upon their finding sufficient mainpernors to have them before the King (23) or his Lieutenant in the quinzaine of the Purification of St Mary to stand to right concerning the said trespass. Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).

Close Rolls Edward II 1307 1313. 09 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23). Dover. To Alice, late wife of Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England. Order to meet the king at Dover on his return from France with his consort about Sunday next after the Feast of the Purification of St Mary. Witnessed by Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).
The like to:
Elizabeth, countess of Hereford and Essex (25).
Henry de Lancastre (27).
Robert de Monte Alto.
Almaric de Sancto Amando[Ibid].
To R Archbishop of Canterbury (63). Order to attend the king's coronaion on Sunday next after the feast of St Valentine [14 Feb] at Westminster, to execute what pertains to his office.
To the Sheriff of Surrey. Order to proclaim in market towns, etc., that no knight, esquire, or other shall, under pain of forfeiture, pressure to tourney or make jousts or bordices (torneare, justos seu burdseicas facere), or otherwise go armed at Croydon or elsewhere before the king's coronation.

On 04 Jul 1392 Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford 1368-1392 (24) died at Westminster. His brother William Stafford 4th Earl Stafford 1375-1395 (16) succeeded  Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 5th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel

On 21 Sep 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was tried at Westminster.
He (51) was beheaded at Tower Hill immediately thereafter. His son Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (15) succeeded 10th Earl Surrey 1C 1088, 12th Earl Arundel Sussex.

Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead

Parliament Rolls.Edward IV Oct 1472.Second Roll. 06 Jun 1474. Westminster Palace. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (21), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (24), and Isabel (22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle, late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (47), his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (24) and Isabel (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (21) and Anne (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales, late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead.

Death of Edward IV

On 25 Mar 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) returned to Westminster from Windsor. A few days later he became sufficiently unwell to add codicils to his will, and to have urged reconciliation between William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28); it isn't clear what the cause of the friction between the two men was although it appears well known that Hastings resented the Woodville family.

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) died at Westminster. His son Edward V King England 1470- (12) succeeded V King England. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).

1511 Tournament

In Feb 1511 Henry VIII (19) celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at Westminster. The challengers included Henry VIII (19) who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 as Bon Vouloir, Edward Neville 1471-1538 (40) as Joyeulx Penser, Thomas Knyvet 1485-1512 (26) as Valiant Desyr and Thomas Tyrrell -1551.
On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (28), Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (16), Thomas Cheney Treasurer 1485-1558 (26), Richard Blount and Robert Morton.
On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest of Bracewell 1480-1537 (31), Thomas Lucy, Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (22), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (27), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (34), Richard Grey, Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541 (32), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (38), Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (33) and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1479-1523 (32).

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Henry Guildford 1489-1532 wearing the Garter and Inter twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant. Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford's arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter's dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office.In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Mary Wotton 1499-1535 when she was thirty-two commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford 1489-1532 possibly to celebrate their marriage. Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Baroness Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545.Before 1537 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539.

May Day Jousting

On 01 May 1540 a tournament was held at Westminster. Gregory Cromwell 1st Baron Cromwell Oakham 1520-1551 (20), Thomas Poynings 1st Baron Poynings 1512-1545 (28), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley 1508-1549 (32), John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (36), Richard Cromwell 1495-1544 (45) and George Carew 1503-1545 were challengers.

On 12 Nov 1555 Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 (72) died at Westminster.

On 13 Jul 1612 Edward Herbert 1561-1612 (50) died at Westminster.

On 25 Feb 1661 Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 was born illegitimately to Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (20) at Westminster.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne The Elder Engraver 1616-1691. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 07 November 1666.

On 29 Nov 1682 Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (62) died without legitimate issue at Westminster. Duke Cumberland 1C 1644 extinct. He was buried in the Crypt Westminster Abbey.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682, Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 and Colonel William Murray.Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.Around 1672 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.

On 12 Nov 1684 Admiral Edward Vernon 1684-1757 was born to James Vernon 1646-1727 (38) in Westminster.

In 1739 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Admiral Edward Vernon 1684-1757.

On 28 Aug 1731 Charles Boyle 4th Earl Cork 4th Earl Orrery 1674-1731 (57) died at Westminster. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son John Boyle 5th Earl Cork 1707-1762 (24) succeeded 5th Earl Cork. Henrietta Hamilton Countess Cork by marriage Earl Cork.

On 04 Mar 1750 Jacob Pleydell Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828 was born to William Pleydell Bouverie 1st Earl Radnor 1725-1776 (25) and Harriet Pleydell at Westminster.

In 1806. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of Jacob Pleydell Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828.Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of Jacob Pleydell Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828.Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of Jacob Pleydell Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor 1750-1828.

On 10 Apr 1766 Lawrence Dundas 1st Earl Zetland 1766-1839 was born to Thomas Dundas 1st Baron Dundas 1741-1820 (25) and Charlotte Fitzwilliam Countess Feversham 1746-1833 (19) in Westminster.

On 25 Apr 1769 Robert Brudenell 6th Earl Cardigan 1769-1837 was born to Robert Brudenell 1726-1768 and Anne Bisshop 1728-1803 (41) at Westminster.

On 08 Jan 1797 Arthur Chichester 1st Baron Templemore 1797-1837 was born to Spencer Stanley Chichester 1775-1819 (21) and Anne Harriet Stewart 1769-1850 (28) at Westminster.

On 16 Jul 1887 Alexander Dalton Cockburn 1846-1887 (41) died at Westminster.

On 11 Jul 1904 Daphne Vivian Marchioness Bath 1904-1997 was born to George Vivian 4th Baron Vivian 1878-1940 (26) at Westminster.

Belgravia

Buckingham Palace Location

Covent Garden

Drury Lane

Theatre Royal Drury Lane Convent Garden

Great Piazza Covent Garden

Charing Cross

St Martin's in the Fields

Fitzrovia, Westminster

Fitzroy Square, Fitzrovia, Westminster

Buckingham Street Fitzroy Square, Fitzrovia, Westminster

7 Buckingham Street Fitzroy Square, Fitzrovia, Westminster

In 1787 John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826 (31) and Anne Denman 1760-1820 (27) moved to Rome where they lived until 1794 when they re-settled at 7 Buckingham Street Fitzroy Square.

Before 1826 . John Jackson Painter 1778-1831. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.Around 1797. Henry Howard Painter 1769-1847. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.Before 07 Dec 1826. Henry Howard Painter 1769-1847. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.

In 1810 Maria Flaxman 1768-1833 (42) moved into the home of her brother John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826 (54) at 7 Buckingham Street Fitzroy Square.

Before 1826 . John Jackson Painter 1778-1831. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.Around 1797. Henry Howard Painter 1769-1847. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.Before 07 Dec 1826. Henry Howard Painter 1769-1847. Portrait of John Flaxman Sculptor 1755-1826.

Fitzroy House, Fitzroy Square, Fitzrovia, Westminster

On 12 Aug 1909 Algernon Charles Fountaine 1851-1909 (57) died at Fitzroy House.

Mortimer Street Fitzrovia, Westminster

9 Mortimer Street Mortimer Street Fitzrovia, Westminster

In 1770 Joseph Nollekens Sculptor 1737-1823 (32) set up as a maker of busts and. Monuments in 9 Mortimer Street, Fitzrovia.

Green Park, Westminster

On 07 May 1771 Edward Ligonier 1st Earl Ligonier 1740-1782 (31) duelled at Green Park with Vittorio Amadeo, Count Alfieri, with whom his wife was possibly conducting an affair.

Constitution Hill, Green Park, Westminster

In Jul 1835 Edward Harbord 3rd Baron Suffield 1781-1835 (53) died at Vernon House Park Place after a fall from his horse on Constitution Hill. His son Edward Harbord 4th Baron Suffield 1813-1853 (22) succeeded 4th Baron Suffield, 5th Baronet Harbord.

Leicester Square, Westminster

On 15 Nov 1698 Henriette Louise Jeffreys Countess Pomfret 1698-1761 was born to John Jeffreys 2nd Baron Jeffreys 1673-1703 (25) and Charlotte Herbert Viscountess Windsor 1676-1733 (22) at Leicester Square.

In 1699 Edward Rich 6th Earl Warwick 1673-1710 (26) and Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (24) were tried for the murder of Richard Coote following a duel on Leicester Square and found guilty of manslaughter. He escaped punishment by pleading privilege of peerage. He and Mohun had killed Coote in a duel and it was common for a seventeenth-century jury in such cases to take a lenient view of such matters.

Leicester Fields Leicester Square, Westminster

On 12 Apr 1696 Henry Bourchier Fane -1696 was killed in a duel with Elizeus Burges at Leicester Fields Leicester Square.

Leicester House, Leicester Square, Westminster

John Evelyn's Diary 08 October 1672. 08 Oct 1672. I took leave of my Lady Sunderland (26), who was going to Paris to my Lord, now ambassador there. She made me stay to dinner at Leicester House, and afterward sent for Richardson, the famous fire-eater. He devoured brimstone on glowing coals before us, chewing and swallowing them; he melted a beer-glass and ate it quite up; then, taking a live coal on his tongue, he put on it a raw oyster, the coal was blown on with bellows till it flamed and sparkled in his mouth, and so remained till the oyster gaped and was quite boiled. Then, he melted pitch and wax with sulphur, which he drank down as it flamed; I saw it flaming in his mouth a good while; he also took up a thick piece of iron, such as laundresses use to put in their smoothing boxes, when it was fiery hot, held it between his teeth, then in his hand, and threw it about like a stone; but this, I observed, he cared not to hold very long; then he stood on a small pot, and, bending his body, took a glowing iron with his mouth from between his feet, without touching the pot, or ground, with his hands; with divers other prodigious feats.

Before 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Digby Countess Sunderland 1646-1715. One of the Windsor Beauties.

On 07 Nov 1745 Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790 was born to Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (38) and Augusta Saxe Coburg Altenburg 1719-1772 (25) at Leicester House. He a Grand Son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790.Around 1784 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790 and Anne Luttrell Duchess Cumberland and Strathearn 1743-1808.In 1777 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790.In 1777 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790.In 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.Around 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (attributed). Portrait of Augusta Saxe Coburg Altenburg 1719-1772.

On 30 Nov 1745 Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790 was christened at Leicester House.

In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790.Around 1784 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790 and Anne Luttrell Duchess Cumberland and Strathearn 1743-1808.In 1777 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790.In 1777 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn 1745-1790.

On 31 Mar 1751 Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (44) died at Leicester House.

In 1750 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789. Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.

Odeon Cinema Leicester Square, Westminster

London Premiere of Lawrence of Arabia

On 10 Dec 1962 Lawrence of Arabia received its premiere in London at the Odeon Cinema Leicester Square. The event was attended by Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh 1921-2021 (41) and Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926-. Peter O'Toole, Omar Sharif, David Lean Director), Sam Spiegel (Producer) and Freddie Young (cameraman) attended. In the audience were Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Attenborough, his wife and son. Noël Coward attended the after-party.

1933. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Elizabeth II Queen United Kingdom 1926-.

Marylebone

Theatre Royal aka King's House

Mayfair

Berkeley Square

Grosvenor Street

St George's Church

Oxford Street, Westminster

240 Oxford Street, Westminster

Around 1861 to 1881 James Currie Sculptor 1836-1891 (45) lived at 240 Oxford Street.

Paddington, Westminster

Samuel Pepys' Diary 12 July 1666. 12 Jul 1666. But was up again by five o'clock, and was forced to rise, having much business, and so up and dressed myself (enquiring, was told that Mrs. Tooker was gone hence to live at London) and away with Poundy to the Tower, and thence, having shifted myself, but being mighty drowsy for want of sleep, I by coach to St. James's, to Goring House, there to wait on my Lord Arlington (48) to give him an account of my night's worke, but he was not up, being not long since married: so, after walking up and down the house below,—being the house I was once at Hartlib's sister's wedding, and is a very fine house and finely furnished,—and then thinking it too much for me to lose time to wait my Lord's rising, I away to St. James's, and there to Sir W. Coventry (38), and wrote a letter to my Lord Arlington (48) giving him an account of what I have done, and so with Sir W. Coventry (38) into London, to the office. And all the way I observed him mightily to make mirth of the Duke of Albemarle (57) and his people about him, saying, that he was the happiest man in the world for doing of great things by sorry instruments. And so particularized in Sir W. Clerke, and Riggs, and Halsey, and others. And then again said that the only quality eminent in him was, that he did persevere; and indeed he is a very drudge, and stands by the King's business. And this he said, that one thing he was good at, that he never would receive an excuse if the thing was not done; listening to no reasoning for it, be it good or bad. But then I told him, what he confessed, that he would however give the man, that he employs, orders for removing of any obstruction that he thinks he shall meet with in the world, and instanced in several warrants that he issued for breaking open of houses and other outrages about the business of prizes, which people bore with either for affection or fear, which he believes would not have been borne with from the King (36), nor Duke (32), nor any man else in England, and I thinke he is in the right, but it is not from their love of him, but from something else I cannot presently say. Sir W. Coventry (38) did further say concerning Warcupp, his kinsman, that had the simplicity to tell Sir W. Coventry (38), that the Duke (32) did intend to go to sea and to leave him his agent on shore for all things that related to the sea. But, says Sir W. Coventry (38), I did believe but the Duke of Yorke (32) would expect to be his agent on shore for all sea matters. And then he begun to say what a great man Warcupp was, and something else, and what was that but a great lyer; and told me a story, how at table he did, they speaking about antipathys, say, that a rose touching his skin any where, would make it rise and pimple; and, by and by, the dessert coming, with roses upon it, the Duchesse (29) bid him try, and they did; but they rubbed and rubbed, but nothing would do in the world, by which his lie was found at then.
He spoke contemptibly of Holmes and his mermidons, that come to take down the ships from hence, and have carried them without any necessaries, or any thing almost, that they will certainly be longer getting ready than if they had staid here.
In fine, I do observe, he hath no esteem nor kindnesse for the Duke's matters, but, contrarily, do slight him and them; and I pray God the Kingdom do not pay too dear by this jarring; though this blockheaded Duke I did never expect better from.
At the office all the morning, at noon home and thought to have slept, my head all day being full of business and yet sleepy and out of order, and so I lay down on my bed in my gowne to sleep, but I could not, therefore about three o'clock up and to dinner and thence to the office, where. Mrs. Burroughs, my pretty widow, was and so I did her business and sent her away by agreement, and presently I by coach after and took her up in Fenchurch Streete and away through the City, hiding my face as much as I could, but she being mighty pretty and well enough clad, I was not afeard, but only lest somebody should see me and think me idle.
I quite through with her, and so into the fields Uxbridge way, a mile or two beyond Tyburne, and then back and then to Paddington, and then back to Lyssen green, a place the coachman led me to (I never knew in my life) and there we eat and drank and so back to Chasing Crosse, and there I set her down. All the way most excellent pretty company. I had her lips as much as I would, and a mighty pretty woman she is and very modest and yet kinde in all fair ways. All this time I passed with mighty pleasure, it being what I have for a long time wished for, and did pay this day 5s. forfeite for her company.
She being gone, I to White Hall and there to Lord Arlington's (48), and met Mr. Williamson (32), and find there is no more need of my trouble about the Galliott, so with content departed, and went straight home, where at the office did the most at the office in that wearied and sleepy state I could, and so home to supper, and after supper falling to singing with Mercer did however sit up with her, she pleasing me with her singing of "Helpe, helpe", 'till past midnight and I not a whit drowsy, and so to bed.

Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685.Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686.Samuel Pepys' Diary 09 October 1660. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten with Colonel Birch to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture<SUP>2</SUP>, very well done; and am with child<SUP>1</SUP> till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea. <BR>To Whitehall again, where at Mr. Coventry's chamber I met with Sir W. Pen again, and so with him to Redriffe by water, and from thence walked over the fields to Deptford (the first pleasant walk I have had a great while), and in our way had a great deal of merry discourse, and find him to be a merry fellow and pretty good natured, and sings very bawdy songs. So we came and found our gentlemen and Mr. Prin at the pay. About noon we dined together, and were very merry at table telling of tales. After dinner to the pay of another ship till 10 at night, and so home in our barge, a clear moonshine night, and it was 12 o'clock before we got home, where I found my wife in bed, and part of our chambers hung to-day by the upholster, but not being well done I was fretted, and so in a discontent to bed.<BR>I found Mr. Prin a good, honest, plain man, but in his discourse not very free or pleasant. Among all the tales that passed among us to-day, he told us of one Damford, that, being a black man, did scald his beard with mince-pie, and it came up again all white in that place, and continued to his dying day. Sir W. Pen told us a good jest about some gentlemen blinding of the drawer, and who he catched was to pay the reckoning, and so they got away, and the master of the house coming up to see what his man did, his man got hold of him, thinking it to be one of the gentlemen, and told him that he was to pay the reckoning.<BR>Note 1. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the New English Dictionary, is Bailey in 1725.<BR>Note 2. Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670.Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.Around 1661 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671.Around 1662 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. One of the Windsor Beauties.Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671.

In 1729 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764 (31) and Jane Thornhill 1709-1789 (20) were married in Paddington without the permission of her father James Thornhill Painter 1675-1734 (54).

After 1730 William Hogarth Painter 1697-1764. Portrait of the artist's wife Jane Thornhill 1709-1789.

Piccadilly

Pimlico, Westminster

Around 1970 Edward Fitzgerald 7th Duke Leinster 1892-1976 (77) lived in a small bedsit in Pimlico as a result of being unble to pay his gambling debts.

Eaton Place Pimlico, Westminster

On 09 May 1858 Mary Whitbread 1770-1858 (88) died at Eaton Place Pimlico.

Eccleston Square Pimlico, Westminster

71 Eccleston Square Pimlico, Westminster

On 03 Feb 1903 Air Commodore Douglas Douglas-Hamilton 14th Duke of Hamilton 1903-1973 was born to Alfred Douglas-Hamilton 13th Duke of Hamilton 1862-1940 (40) at 71 Eccleston Square Pimlico.

Eccleston Street Pimlico, Westminster

13 Eccleston Street Pimlico, Westminster

On 25 Nov 1841 Francis Leggatt Chantrey Sculptor 1781-1841 (60) died at his home 13 Eccleston Street Pimlico. He was buried at the Church of St James the Great Norton Sheffield.

1831. Henry Pierce Bone Painter 1779-1855 after John Jackson Painter 1778-1831. Portrait of Francis Leggatt Chantrey Sculptor 1781-1841 in black morning suit, blue waistcoat with gold fob-seal, standing beside the bust of William Hyde Wollaston, F.R.S. (1766-1828) on a plinth signed, dated and inscribed on the counter-enamel 'Francis Chantrey Sculptor. R.A. London 1831. Painted in EnamelAround 1834. Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of Francis Leggatt Chantrey Sculptor 1781-1841.Around 1834. Martin Archer Shee Painter 1769-1850. Portrait of Francis Leggatt Chantrey Sculptor 1781-1841.1818. Thomas Phillips Painter 1770-1845. Portrait of Francis Leggatt Chantrey Sculptor 1781-1841. Half-length aged 37, holding a modelling tool, his left arm on a marble head; bald head with dark hair at sides, hazel eyes, dark complexion; voluminous grey coat, white filled shirt open at neck and fastened with brooch; statuette of Lady Louisa Russell in left background.

Grosvenor Hotel Pimlico, Westminster

On 21 Feb 1874 John Greenwood 1821-1874 (53) died at Grosvenor Hotel Pimlico.

Soho

Smith Square, Westminster

St John's Church, Smith Square, Westminster

On or before 02 Jun 1754 Joseph Kendrick Sculptor 1754-1833 was born. He was baptised on 02 Jun 1754 at St John's Church.

St Clement Danes, Westminster

Before 1517 Edward Grey -1516 died. He was buried at St Clement Danes.

On or before 17 Sep 1581 John Warner Bishop 1581-1666 was born. He was baptised at St Clement Danes on 17 Sep 1586.

In Apr 1657 Edward Peyton 2nd Baronet -1657 (77) died at Wicken. He was buried at St Clement Danes. His son John Peyton 3rd Baronet 1607-1665 succeeded 3nd Baronet Peyton of Isleham.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 21 October 1667. 21 Oct 1667. Up, and betimes got a coach at the Exchange, and thence to St. James's, where I had forgot that the Duke of York (34) and family were gone to White Hall, and thence to Westminster Hall and there walked a little, finding the Parliament likely to be busy all this morning about the business of Mr. Bruncker (40) for advising Cox and Harman (42) to shorten sail when they were in pursuit of the Dutch after the first great victory. I went away to Mr. Creed's chamber, there to meet Sir H. Cholmly (35), about business of Mr. Yeabsly, where I was delivered of a great fear that they would question some of the orders for payment of money which I had got them signed at the time of the plague, when I was here alone, but all did pass.
Thence to Westminster again, and up to the lobby, where many commanders of the fleete were, and Captain Cox, and Mr. Pierce, the Surgeon; the last of whom hath been in the House, and declared that he heard Bruncker (40) advise; and give arguments to, Cox, for the safety of the Duke of York's (34) person, to shorten sail, that they might not be in the middle of the enemy in the morning alone; and Cox denying to observe his advice, having received the Duke of York's (34) commands over night to keep within cannon-shot (as they then were) of the enemy, Bruncker did go to Harman (42), and used the same arguments, and told him that he was sure it would be well pleasing to the King (37) that care should be taken of not endangering the Duke of York (34); and, after much persuasion, Harman (42) was heard to say, "Why, if it must be, then lower the topsail". And so did shorten sail, to the loss, as the Parliament will have it, of the greatest victory that ever was, and which would have saved all the expence of blood, and money, and honour, that followed; and this they do resent, so as to put it to the question, whether Bruncker should not be carried to the Tower: who do confess that, out of kindness to the Duke of York's (34) safety, he did advise that they should do so, but did not use the Duke of York's (34) name therein; and so it was only his error in advising it, but the greatest theirs in taking it, contrary to order.
At last, it ended that it should be suspended till Harman (42) comes home; and then the Parliament-men do all tell me that it will fall heavy, and, they think, be fatal to Bruncker or him. Sir W. Pen (46) tells me he was gone to bed, having been all day labouring, and then not able to stand, of the goute, and did give order for the keeping the sails standing, as they then were, all night. But, which I wonder at, he tells me that he did not know the next day that they had shortened sail, nor ever did enquire into it till about ten days ago, that this begun to be mentioned; and, indeed, it is charged privately as a fault on the Duke of York (34), that he did not presently examine the reason of the breach of his orders, and punish it. But Cox tells me that he did finally refuse it; and what prevailed with Harman (42) he knows not, and do think that we might have done considerable service on the enemy the next day, if this had not been done.
Thus this business ended to-day, having kept them till almost two o'clock; and then I by coach with Sir W. Pen (46) as far as St. Clement's, talking of this matter, and there set down; and I walked to Sir G. Carteret's (57), and there dined with him and several Parliament-men, who, I perceive, do all look upon it as a thing certain that the Parliament will enquire into every thing, and will be very severe where they can find any fault. Sir W. Coventry (39), I hear, did this day make a speech, in apology for his reading the letter of the Duke of Albemarle (58), concerning the good condition which Chatham was in before the enemy come thither: declaring his simple intention therein, without prejudice to my Lord. And I am told that he was also with the Duke of Albemarle (58) yesterday to excuse it; but this day I do hear, by some of Sir W. Coventry's (39) friends, that they think he hath done himself much injury by making this man, and his interest, so much his enemy.
After dinner, I away to Westminster, and up to the Parliament-house, and there did wait with great patience, till seven at night, to be called in to the Committee, who sat all this afternoon, examining the business of Chatham; and at last was called in, and told, that the least they expected from us Mr. Wren (38) had promised them, and only bade me to bring all my fellow-officers thitherto attend them tomorrow, afternoon. Sir Robert Brookes (30) in the chair: methinks a sorry fellow to be there, because a young man; and yet he seems to speak very well. I gone thence, my cozen Pepys comes out to me, and walks in the Hall with me, and bids me prepare to answer to every thing; for they do seem to lodge the business of Chatham upon the Commissioners of the Navy, and they are resolved to lay the fault heavy somewhere, and to punish it: and prays me to prepare to save myself, and gives me hints what to prepare against; which I am obliged to him for, and do begin to mistrust lest some unhappy slip or other after all my diligence and pains may not be found (which I can [not] foresee) that may prove as fatal to a man as the constant course of negligence and unfaithfulness of other men. Here we parted, and I to White Hall to Mr. Wren's (38) chamber, thereto advise with him about the list of ships and commanders which he is to present to the Parliament, and took coach (little Michell being with me, whom I took with me from Westminster Hall), and setting him down in Gracious street home myself, where I find my wife and the two Mercers and Willett and W. Batelier have been dancing, but without a fidler. I had a little pleasure in talking with these, but my head and heart full of thoughts between hope and fear and doubts what will become of us and me particularly against a furious Parliament. Then broke up and to bed, and there slept pretty well till about four o'clock, and from that time could not, but my thoughts running on speeches to the Parliament to excuse myself from the blame which by other men's negligence will 'light, it may be, upon the office.!
This day I did get a list of the fourteen particular miscarriages which are already before the Committee to be examined; wherein, besides two or three that will concern this Office much, there are those of the prizes, and that of Bergen, and not following the Dutch ships, against my Lord Sandwich (42); that, I fear, will ruine him, unless he hath very good luck, or they may be in better temper before he can come to be charged: but my heart is full of fear for him and his family. I hear that they do prosecute the business against my Lord Chief Justice Keeling (60) with great severity.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Samuel Pepys' Diary 09 October 1660. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten with Colonel Birch to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture<SUP>2</SUP>, very well done; and am with child<SUP>1</SUP> till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea. <BR>To Whitehall again, where at Mr. Coventry's chamber I met with Sir W. Pen again, and so with him to Redriffe by water, and from thence walked over the fields to Deptford (the first pleasant walk I have had a great while), and in our way had a great deal of merry discourse, and find him to be a merry fellow and pretty good natured, and sings very bawdy songs. So we came and found our gentlemen and Mr. Prin at the pay. About noon we dined together, and were very merry at table telling of tales. After dinner to the pay of another ship till 10 at night, and so home in our barge, a clear moonshine night, and it was 12 o'clock before we got home, where I found my wife in bed, and part of our chambers hung to-day by the upholster, but not being well done I was fretted, and so in a discontent to bed.<BR>I found Mr. Prin a good, honest, plain man, but in his discourse not very free or pleasant. Among all the tales that passed among us to-day, he told us of one Damford, that, being a black man, did scald his beard with mince-pie, and it came up again all white in that place, and continued to his dying day. Sir W. Pen told us a good jest about some gentlemen blinding of the drawer, and who he catched was to pay the reckoning, and so they got away, and the master of the house coming up to see what his man did, his man got hold of him, thinking it to be one of the gentlemen, and told him that he was to pay the reckoning.<BR>Note 1. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the New English Dictionary, is Bailey in 1725.<BR>Note 2. Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.Before 23 Jun 1686 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of William Coventry 1628-1686.Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670.Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672.

John Evelyn's Diary 28 October 1684. 28 Oct 1684. I carried Lord Clarendon thro' the Citty, amidst all the squibbs and Bacchanalia of the Lord Maior's shew, to ye Royal Society [at Gresham Coll.] where he was propos'd a member; and then treated him at dinner.
I went to St. Clement's, that pretty built and contriv'd church, where a young divine gave us an eloquent Sermon on 1 Cor. 6. 20 inciting to gratitude and glorifying God for the fabriq of our bodys & the dignitie of our nature.

On 16 Apr 1685 Thomas Otway 1652-1685 was buried at St Clement Danes.

Before 16 Apr 1685. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Thomas Otway 1652-1685.

Clement's Inn, St Clement Danes, Westminster

After 1565 Thomas Harries 1st Baronet Tong Castle 1550-1628 educated at Clement's Inn.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 21 November 1667. 21 Nov 1667. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, and at noon home, where my wife not very well, but is to go to Mr. Mills's child's christening, where she is godmother, Sir J. Minnes (68) and Sir R. Brookes (30) her companions. I left her after dinner (my clerks dining with me) to go with Sir J. Minnes (68), and I to the office, where did much business till after candlelight, and then my eyes beginning to fail me, I out and took coach to Arundell_House, where the meeting of Gresham College was broke up; but there meeting Creed, I with him to the taverne in St. Clement's Churchyard, where was Deane Wilkins (53), Dr. Whistler, Dr. Floyd (40), a divine admitted, I perceive, this day, and other brave men; and there, among other things of news, I do hear, that upon the reading of the House of Commons's Reasons of the manner of their proceedings in the business of my Chancellor (58), the Reasons were so bad, that my Lord Bristoll (55) himself did declare that he would not stand to what he had, and did still, advise the Lords to concur to, upon any of the Reasons of the House of Commons; but if it was put to the question whether it should be done on their Reasons, he would be against them; and indeed it seems the Reasons—however they come to escape the House of Commons, which shews how slightly the greatest matters are done in this world, and even in Parliaments were none of them of strength, but the principle of them untrue; they saying, that where any man is brought before a judge, accused of Treason in general, without specifying the particular, the judge do there constantly and is obliged to commit him. Whereas the question being put by the Lords to my Lord Keeper, he said that quite the contrary was true: and then, in the Sixth Article (I will get a copy of them if I can) there are two or three things strangely asserted to the diminishing of the King's power, as is said, at least things that heretofore would not have been heard of. But then the question being put among the Lords, as my Lord Bristoll (55) advised, whether, upon the whole matter and Reasons that had been laid before them, they would commit my Lord Clarendon (58), it was carried five to one against it; there being but three Bishops against him, of whom Cosens (72) and Dr. Reynolds were two, and I know not the third. This made the opposite Lords, as Bristoll (55) and Buckingham (39), so mad, that they declared and protested against it, speaking very broad that there was mutiny and rebellion in the hearts of the Lords, and that they desired they might enter their dissents, which they did do, in great fury.
So that upon the Lords sending to the Commons, as I am told, to have a conference for them to give their answer to the Commons's Reasons, the Commons did desire a free conference: but the Lords do deny it; and the reason is, that they hold not the Commons any Court, but that themselves only are a Court, and the Chief Court of judicature, and therefore are not to dispute the laws and method of their own Court with them that are none, and so will not submit so much as to have their power disputed. And it is conceived that much of this eagerness among the Lords do arise from the fear some of them have, that they may be dealt with in the same manner themselves, and therefore do stand upon it now. It seems my Lord Clarendon (58) hath, as is said and believed, had his horses several times in his coach, ready to carry him to the Tower, expecting a message to that purpose; but by this means his case is like to be laid by.
From this we fell to other discourse, and very good; among the rest they discourse of a man that is a little frantic, that hath been a kind of minister, Dr. Wilkins (53) saying that he hath read for him in his church, that is poor and a debauched man, that the College' have hired for 20s. to have some of the blood of a sheep let into his body; and it is to be done on Saturday next1. They purpose to let in about twelve ounces; which, they compute, is what will be let in in a minute's time by a watch. They differ in the opinion they have of the effects of it; some think it may have a good effect upon him as a frantic man by cooling his blood, others that it will not have any effect at all. But the man is a healthy man, and by this means will be able to give an account what alteration, if any, he do find in himself, and so may be usefull. On this occasion, Dr. Whistler told a pretty story related by Muffet, a good author, of Dr. Caius, that built Keys College; that, being very old, and living only at that time upon woman's milk, he, while he fed upon the milk of an angry, fretful woman, was so himself; and then, being advised to take it of a good-natured, patient woman, he did become so, beyond the common temper of his age. Thus much nutriment, they observed, might do. Their discourse was very fine; and if I should be put out of my office, I do take great content in the liberty I shall be at of frequenting these gentlemen's company. Broke up thence and home, and there to my wife in her chamber, who is not well (of those), and there she tells me great stories of the gossiping women of the parish—what this, and what that woman was; and, among the rest, how Mrs. Hollworthy is the veriest confident bragging gossip of them all, which I should not have believed; but that Sir R. Brookes (30), her partner, was mighty civil to her, and taken with her, and what not. My eyes being bad I spent the evening with her in her chamber talking and inventing a cypher to put on a piece of plate, which I must give, better than ordinary, to the Parson's child, and so to bed, and through my wife's illness had a bad night of it, and she a worse, poor wretch!
Note 1. This was Arthur Coga, who had studied at Cambridge, and was said to be a bachelor of divinity. He was indigent, and "looked upon as a very freakish and extravagant man". Dr. King, in a letter to the Hon. Robert Boyle (40), remarks "that Mr. Coga was about thirty-two years of age; that he spoke Latin well, when he was in company, which he liked, but that his brain was sometimes a little too warm". The experiment was performed on November 23rd, 1667, by Dr. King, at Arundel House, in the presence of many spectators of quality, and four or five physicians. Coga wrote a description of his own case in Latin, and when asked why he had not the blood of some other creature, instead of that of a sheep, transfused into him, answered, "Sanguis ovis symbolicam quandam facultatem habet cum sanguine Christi, quia Christus est agnus Dei" [Note. "Sheep’s blood has some symbolic power, like the blood of Christ, for Christ is the Lamb of God."] (Birch's "History of the Royal Society", vol. ii., pp. 214-16). Coga was the first person in England to be experimented upon; previous experiments were made by the transfusion of the blood of one dog into another. See Samuel_Pepys'_Diary_14_November_1666 (vol. vi., p. 64).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671.Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677 and William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700.Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol 1612-1677.Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 wearing his Garter Collar.In 1689. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Robert Boyle Scientist 1627-1691.

St Clement Danes Church, Westminster

On 28 Oct 1633 Anne Doyley Baroness Gower -1633 died. She was buried at St Clement Danes Church.

On 29 Sep 1653 Colonel Richard Thornhill -1656 and Joanna Granville 1635-1709 (17) were married at St Clement Danes Church.

Around 1665 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Joanna Granville 1635-1709.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 28 January 1660. 28 Jan 1660. Saturday. I went to Mr Downing (35) and carried him three characters, and then to my office and wrote another, while Mr. Frost staid telling money. And after I had done it Mr. Hawly came into the office and I left him and carried it to Mr Downing (35), who then told me that he was resolved to be gone for Holland this morning. So I to my office again, and dispatch my business there, and came with Mr. Hawly to Mr Downing's (35) lodging, and took Mr. Squib from White Hall in a coach thither with me, and there we waited in his chamber a great while, till he came in; and in the mean time, sent all his things to the barge that lay at Charing-Cross Stairs. Then came he in, and took a very civil leave of me, beyond my expectation, for I was afraid that he would have told me something of removing me from my office; but he did not, but that he would do me any service that lay in his power. So I went down and sent a porter to my house for my best fur cap, but he coming too late with it I did not present it to him. Thence I went to Westminster Hall, and bound up my cap at Mrs. Michell's, who was much taken with my cap, and endeavoured to overtake the coach at the Exchange and to give it him there, but I met with one that told me that he was gone, and so I returned and went to Heaven1, where Luellin and I dined on a breast of mutton all alone, discoursing of the changes that we have seen and the happiness of them that have estates of their own, and so parted, and I went by appointment to my office and paid young Mr. Walton £500; it being very dark he took £300 by content. He gave me half a piece and carried me in his coach to St. Clement's, from whence I went to Mr. Crew's (62) and made even with Mr. Andrews, and took in all my notes and gave him one for all. Then to my Lady Wright and gave her Lord's (34) letter which he bade me give her privately. So home and then to Will's for a little news, then came home again and wrote to Lord, and so to Whitehall and gave them to the post-boy. Back again home and to bed.
Note 1. A place of entertainment within or adjoining Westminster Hall. It is called in "Hudibras", "False Heaven, at the end of the Hall". There were two other alehouses near Westminster Hall, called Hell and Purgatory. "Nor break his fast In Heaven and Hell". Ben Jonson's Alchemist, act V. SC. 2.

Around 1650 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672.Samuel Pepys' Diary 09 October 1660. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten with Colonel Birch to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture<SUP>2</SUP>, very well done; and am with child<SUP>1</SUP> till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea. <BR>To Whitehall again, where at Mr. Coventry's chamber I met with Sir W. Pen again, and so with him to Redriffe by water, and from thence walked over the fields to Deptford (the first pleasant walk I have had a great while), and in our way had a great deal of merry discourse, and find him to be a merry fellow and pretty good natured, and sings very bawdy songs. So we came and found our gentlemen and Mr. Prin at the pay. About noon we dined together, and were very merry at table telling of tales. After dinner to the pay of another ship till 10 at night, and so home in our barge, a clear moonshine night, and it was 12 o'clock before we got home, where I found my wife in bed, and part of our chambers hung to-day by the upholster, but not being well done I was fretted, and so in a discontent to bed.<BR>I found Mr. Prin a good, honest, plain man, but in his discourse not very free or pleasant. Among all the tales that passed among us to-day, he told us of one Damford, that, being a black man, did scald his beard with mince-pie, and it came up again all white in that place, and continued to his dying day. Sir W. Pen told us a good jest about some gentlemen blinding of the drawer, and who he catched was to pay the reckoning, and so they got away, and the master of the house coming up to see what his man did, his man got hold of him, thinking it to be one of the gentlemen, and told him that he was to pay the reckoning.<BR>Note 1. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the New English Dictionary, is Bailey in 1725.<BR>Note 2. Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 24 November 1661. 24 Nov 1661. Lord's Day. Up early, and by appointment to St. Clement Danes to church, and there to meet Captain Cocke, who had often commended Mr. Alsopp, their minister, to me, who is indeed an able man, but as all things else did not come up to my expectations. His text was that all good and perfect gifts are from above.
Thence Cocke and I to the Sun tavern behind the Exchange, and there met with others that are come from the same church, and staid and drank and talked with them a little, and so broke up, and I to the Wardrobe and there dined, and staid all the afternoon with my Lady alone talking, and thence to see Madame Turner, who, poor lady, continues very ill, and I begin to be afraid of her.
Thence homewards, and meeting Mr. Yong, the upholster, he and I to the Mitre, and with Mr. Rawlinson sat and drank a quart of sack, and so I to Sir W. Batten's (60) and there staid and supped, and so home, where I found an invitation sent my wife and I to my uncle Wight's on Tuesday next to the chine of beef which I presented them with yesterday. So to prayers and to bed.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 09 October 1660. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten with Colonel Birch to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture<SUP>2</SUP>, very well done; and am with child<SUP>1</SUP> till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea. <BR>To Whitehall again, where at Mr. Coventry's chamber I met with Sir W. Pen again, and so with him to Redriffe by water, and from thence walked over the fields to Deptford (the first pleasant walk I have had a great while), and in our way had a great deal of merry discourse, and find him to be a merry fellow and pretty good natured, and sings very bawdy songs. So we came and found our gentlemen and Mr. Prin at the pay. About noon we dined together, and were very merry at table telling of tales. After dinner to the pay of another ship till 10 at night, and so home in our barge, a clear moonshine night, and it was 12 o'clock before we got home, where I found my wife in bed, and part of our chambers hung to-day by the upholster, but not being well done I was fretted, and so in a discontent to bed.<BR>I found Mr. Prin a good, honest, plain man, but in his discourse not very free or pleasant. Among all the tales that passed among us to-day, he told us of one Damford, that, being a black man, did scald his beard with mince-pie, and it came up again all white in that place, and continued to his dying day. Sir W. Pen told us a good jest about some gentlemen blinding of the drawer, and who he catched was to pay the reckoning, and so they got away, and the master of the house coming up to see what his man did, his man got hold of him, thinking it to be one of the gentlemen, and told him that he was to pay the reckoning.<BR>Note 1. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the New English Dictionary, is Bailey in 1725.<BR>Note 2. Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Great Plague of London

Samuel Pepys' Diary 26 June 1665. 26 Jun 1665. Up and to White Hall with Sir J. Minnes (66), and to the Committee of Tangier, where my Lord Treasurer (58) was, the first and only time he ever was there, and did promise us £15,000 for Tangier and no more, which will be short. But if I can pay Mr. Andrews all his money I care for no more, and the Bills of Exchange.
Thence with Mr. Povy (51) and Creed below to a new chamber of Mr. Povy's (51), very pretty, and there discourse about his business, not to his content, but with the most advantage I could to him, and Creed also did the like.
Thence with Creed to the King's Head, and there dined with him at the ordinary, and good sport with one Mr. Nicholls, a prating coxcombe, that would be thought a poet, but would not be got to repeat any of his verses.
Thence I home, and there find my wife's brother and his wife, a pretty little modest woman, where they dined with my wife. He did come to desire my assistance for a living, and, upon his good promises of care, and that it should be no burden to me, I did say and promise I would think of finding something for him, and the rather because his wife seems a pretty discreet young thing, and humble, and he, above all things, desirous to do something to maintain her, telling me sad stories of what she endured with him in Holland, and I hope it will not be burdensome.
So down by water to Woolwich, walking to and again from Greenwich thither and back again, my business being to speak again with Sheldon, who desires and expects my wife coming thither to spend the summer, and upon second thoughts I do agree that it will be a good place for her and me too.
So, weary, home, and to my office a while, till almost midnight, and so to bed. The plague encreases mightily, I this day seeing a house, at a bitt-maker's over against St. Clement's Church, in the open street, shut up; which is a sad sight.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671.Around 1660 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Thomas Wriothesley 4th Earl of Southampton 1607-1667 holding his Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.Around 1657 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705.Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705.

Poll Bill

Samuel Pepys' Diary 11 December 1666. 11 Dec 1666. Up, and to the office, where we sat, and at noon home to dinner, a small dinner because of a good supper.
After dinner my wife and I by coach to St. Clement's Church, to Mrs. Turner's (43) lodgings, hard by, to take our leaves of her. She is returning into the North to her children, where, I perceive, her husband (53) hath clearly got the mastery of her, and she is likely to spend her days there, which for her sake I am a little sorry for, though for his it is but fit she should live where he hath a mind. Here were several people come to see and take leave of her, she going to-morrow: among others, my Lady Mordant (28), which was Betty Turner, a most homely widow, but young, and pretty rich, and good natured.
Thence, having promised to write every month to her, we home, and I to my office, while my wife to get things together for supper. Dispatching my business at the office. Anon come our guests, old Mr. Batelier, and his son and daughter, Mercer, which was all our company. We had a good venison pasty and other good cheer, and as merry as in so good, innocent, and understanding company I could be. He is much troubled that wines, laden by him in France before the late proclamation was out, cannot now be brought into England, which is so much to his and other merchants' loss. We sat long at supper and then to talk, and so late parted and so to bed. This day the Poll Bill was to be passed, and great endeavours used to take away the Proviso.

On 12 Mar 1699 John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721 (50) and Catherine Greville Duchess Buckingham and Normandby -1704 were married at St Clement Danes Church. Catherine Greville Duchess Buckingham and Normandby -1704 by marriage Earl Mulgrave 2C 1812.

Around 1704 Johnathan The Elder Richardson Painter 1667-1745. Portrait of John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721.

On 29 Jan 1735 George Granville 1st Baron Lansdowne 1666-1735 (68) died. He was buried at St Clement Danes Church.

St James'

Pall Mall

St James' Church

St James's Palace

St John's Wood, Westminster

Greville Place St John's Wood, Westminster

On 14 Sep 1846 John Murray 5th Duke Atholl 1778-1846 (68) died at Greville Place St John's Wood. His nephew George Augustus Frederick Murray 6th Duke Atholl 1814-1864 (31) succeeded 6th Duke Atholl.

Strand

New Exchange

Savoy

Somerset House

Victoria, Westminster

Victoria Street, Westminster

Westminster Palace

Will's Ale House

New Palace Yard

Swan Inn New Palace Yard

Westminster Hall

Whitehall Palace

Banqueting House

Axe Yard

King Street Whitehall

Leg Tavern

Harper's

Westminster Abbey Area

St Margaret's Church

Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey Chapels

Westminster School