History of Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey is in Westminster Abbey Area
Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The Opening of Parliament. 5. The following are assigned to be triers of petitions from England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland:.
The archbishop of Canterbury.
The duke of Guyenne and duke of Lancaster.
The duke of Gloucester.
The bishop of London.
The bishop of Winchester.
The abbot of Westminster.
The earl of Derby.
The earl of Arundel.
The earl of Warwick.
Sir Richard le Scrope.
Sir Philip Spenser.
Sir Walter Clopton.
- to act all together, or at least six of the aforesaid prelates and lords; consulting with the chancellor, treasurer, steward, and chamberlain, and also the king's serjeants when necessary. And they shall hold their session in the chamberlain's room near the Painted Chamber.
Gervaise Blois Abbot Westminster was appointed Abbot Westminster.
My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. One of my friends has often said that to visit Deene is to step back into the past, for the place bears upon it no impression of modernity, and even the additions made to the house are thoroughly in character with the older parts.
Deene is first mentioned in the Domesday-Book, when the surveyors noted the wood of a mile long belonging to it which joined Rocking- ham Forest. It was the property of the Abbey of Westminster, and was used as a hunting-box by the Abbots. It was called the Grange, and "the monks' well" is still to be seen in the park. A most interesting feature of the house is the Great Hall, 50 feet long and 50 feet high, which is a duplicate in miniature of Westminster Hall, and the carved chestnut roof, the wood of which is impervious to the ravages of insects, has never had an accident since it was first erected in 1086.
On 28 Dec 1065 the Westminster Abbey that preceded the current building, known as St Peter's Abbey, was consecrated. Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066 (62) was too ill to attend (he died eight days later).
On 06 Jan 1066 Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44) was crowned II King England probably Westminster Abbey. Harold quick to be crowned the day after the death and burial of Edward the Confessor. He had chosen himself.
On 03 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) was crowned I King England by Baldwin Avigo Archbishop of Canterbury 1125-1190 (64) at Westminster Abbey. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex Count Aumale -1189 carried the Crown. The Coronation of Richard I was marred by violence against London's Jewish population. Prior to his Coronation Richard had issued a proclamation forbidding Jews to attend. When some did a riot broke out, which spread.
On 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) was crowned I King England by Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (39) at Westminster Abbey.
On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England at Westminster Abbey during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury 1150-1228 (70) presided.
On 14 Oct 1222 Richard of Barking -1246 was elected Abbot Westminster.
On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was christened at Westminster Abbey. Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (35) as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066.
On 23 Nov 1243 Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (34) and Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany 1228-1261 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey. Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany 1228-1261 (15) by marriage Countess Cornwall 4C 1225.
On 13 Oct 1272 Edmund "Almain" Cornwall 2nd Earl Cornwall 1249-1300 (22) was knighted by King Henry III of England at Westminster Abbey.
On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. .
After 28 Nov 1290 Eleanor of Castile's body was taken from Harby to Westminster Abbey. At each of the locations at which her body rested overnight Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 commissioned the building of an Eleanor Cross. Three remain. The best example being at Geddington.
On 05 Jun 1296 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (51) died at Bayonne. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl of Leicester 2C 1265, 2nd Earl Lancaster. Alice Lacy Countess Leicester Countess Lancaster 5th Countess Salisbury 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (14) by marriage Countess of Leicester 2C 1265, Earl Lancaster.
On 14 Nov 1302 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (26) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (20) were married. Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (20) by marriage Countess Essex 3C 1239, Earl Hereford 6C 1199. Westminster Abbey.
On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop of Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England.
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (30) carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (32) carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (27) carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (61) attended.
On 23 Jun 1324 Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XIV. 01 Feb 1327. AFTER that the most part of the company of Hainault were departed and sir John Hainault (39) lord of Beaumont tarried, the queen (32) gave leave to her people to depart, saving a certain noble knights, the which she kept still about her and her son to counsel them, and commanded all then that departed to be at London the next Christmas, for as then she was determined to keep open court, and all they promised her so to do. And when Christmas was come, she held a great court. And thither came dukes,' earls, barons, knights, and all the nobles of the realm, with prelates and burgesses of good towns; and at this assembly it was advised that the realm could not long endure without a head and a chief lord. Then they put in writing all the deeds of the king (42) who was in prison, and all that he had done by evil counsel, and all his usages and evil behavings, and how evil he had governed his realm, the which was read openly in plain audience, to the intent that the noble sages of the realm might take thereof good advice, and to fall at accord how the realm should be governed from thenceforth. And when all the cases and deeds that the king had done and consented to, and all his behaving and usages were read and well understanded, the barons and knights and all the counsels of the realm drew them apart to counsel ; and the most part of them accorded, and namely the great lords and nobles with the burgesses of the good towns, according as they had heard say and knew themselves the most part of his deeds. Wherefore they concluded that such a man (42) was not worthy to be a king, nor to bear a crown royal, nor to have the name of a king. But they all accorded that Edward (14) his eldest son, who was there present and was rightful heir, should be crowned king instead of his father, so that he would take good counsel, sage and true, about him, so than it was before, and that the old king his father (42) should be well and honestly kept as long as he lived, according to his estate. And thus as it was agreed by all the nobles, so it was accomplished ; and then was crowned with a crown royal at the palace of Westminster beside London the young king Edward the third (14), who in his, days after was right fortunate and happy in arms. This coronation was in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVI., on Christmasday [Note. Other sources day 01 Feb 1327], and as then the young king was about the age of sixteen ; and they held the feast till the Conversion of Saint Paul following, and in the meantime greatly was feasted sir John of Hainault (39) and all the princes and nobles of his country, and was given to him and to his company many rich jewels. And so he and his company in great feast and solace both with lords and ladies tarried till the Twelfth day. And then sir John of Hainault (39) heard tidings how that the king of Bohemia (30) and the earl of Hainault (41) his brother and other great plenty of lords of France had ordained to be at Conde at a great feast and tourney that was there cried. Then would sir John of Hainault no longer abide for no prayer, so great desire he had to be at the said tourney, and to see the earl his brother and other lords of his country, and specially the right noble king in largess the gentle Charles king of Bohemia. When the young king Edward (14) and the queen (32) his mother and the barons saw that he would no longer tarry, and that their request could not avail, they gave him leave sore against their wills, and the king (14) by the counsel of the queen (32) his mother did give him four hundred marks sterlings of rent heritable to hold of him in fee, to be paid every year in the town of Bruges, and also did give to Philip of Chateaux, his chief esquire and his sovereign counsellor, a hundred mark of rent yearly, to be paid at the said place, and also delivered him much money to pay therewith the costs of him and of his company, till he come into his own country, and caused him to be conducted with many noble knights to Dover, and there delivered hint all his passage free. And to the ladies that were come into England with the queen (32), and namely to the countess of Garennes, who was sister to the earl of Bar, and to divers other ladies and damosels, there were given many fair and rich jewels at their departing. And when sir John of Hainault was departed from the young king Edward, and all his company, and were come to Dover, they entered incontinent into their ships to pass the sea, to the intent to come betimes to the said tourney; and there went with him fifteen young lusty knights of England, to go to this tourney with him and to acquaint them with the strange lords and knights that should be there, and they had great honour of all the company that tourneyed at that time at Conde.
On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon 3C 1377.
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham 1C 1377.
On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.
In 1386 William de Colchester Abbot Westminster -1420 was appointed Abbot Westminster.
On 03 Oct 1399 Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (33) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).
Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (49) attended.
On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.
Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed Lord High Constable. .
In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (24) was created 1st Duke Bedford 1C 1414, 1st Earl Richmond 6C 1414, 1st Earl Kendal 1C 1414. .
On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois (19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (36) was appointed Chief Butler of England. James I (26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet.
On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (20) was knighted.
On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30), Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22), Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (46), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (36), Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.
On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop of York 1388-1464 at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV.
On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (23), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (12) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .
Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (20) carried her train.
On 17 Apr 1483 the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21), John Savage 1444-1492, Thomas Wortley 1433-1514 (50), Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483 (38), probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (33) who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (41), Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18), Guy Wolston 1433-1490 (50), John Sapcote 1448-1501 (35), Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512 (30), John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (15), John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.
Those in the procession included:.
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), widow of Edward's sister Anne.
William Parr KG 1434-1483.
John Astley 1373-1488.
William Stonor 1450-1494 (33).
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500 (40).
James Radclyffe 1440-1484 (43).
George Browne 1440-1483 (43).
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:.
Thomas Kempe Bishop of London 1390-1489 (93).
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (83) (Bishop of Chester?).
Robert Stillington Bishop of Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63).
Edward Story Bishop of Chichester -1503.
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496.
James Goldwell Bishop of Norwich -1499.
William Dudley Bishop of Durham 1425-1483 (58).
John Russell Bishop of Rochester Bishop of Lincoln -1494.
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) (as Bishop of Ely).
Edmund Tuchet Bishop of Rochester Bishop of Hereford Bishop of Salisbury 1443-1524 (40) (as Bishop of Rochester).
Peter Courtenay Bishop of Exeter Bishop of Winchester -1492, and.
Lionel Woodville Bishop of Salisbury 1447-1484 (36).
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59) brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65), then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) ; the King's nephew,.
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52).
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?).
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57).
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48).
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 (68).
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (82).
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (43).
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (57).
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485.
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492 (51).
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489 (7).
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30).
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512 (35).
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50).
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (45).
Thomas Bourchier -1492.
Thomas Bourchier -1533.
On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.
On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37), almoner Christopher Urswick (37), the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50), John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59). Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53), created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43).
On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.
On 18 Jan 1486 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (19) was appointed Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey during the Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth Plantagenet 1516-1558.
On 25 Nov 1487 Elizabeth of York (21) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey.
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (36), Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (17), Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (34), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (36), Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (34), William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (36) and Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (37), who carried the Rod and Dove, attended as did Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 (18).
On 21 Feb 1499 Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset 1499-1500 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (33) at the Palace of Placentia being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars. His godparents were Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (21) and Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (51), then Bishop of Durham. He is believed to have been created 1st Duke Somerset 3C 1499 on the same day although there is no documentation. On 19 Jun 1500 he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occuring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII. 1509. The coronation of Kinge Henrie the Eight (17), which was the 24th of June, A.D. 1509. See Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
This yeare, Prince Henrie, the Kings (19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde on Newe Yeares daye, and on St. Mathie's day [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Prince died, and was buried at Westminster.
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509 1514. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (52):.
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson, Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".
On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) was crowned VIII King England at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon (23) was created Queen Consort England. .
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.
In 1515 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey 1473-1530 (41) received his Cardinal's hat at a ceremony attended by Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (47) and Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (32) at Westminster Abbey. .
On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32) was crowned Queen Consort England by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (43) at Westminster Abbey. See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (62) bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (16) carried the Salt. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) was appointed Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (50) served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker 1513-1552 (19) and William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1505-1534 (28) and Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 (26) were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (44) attended.
Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (55) refused to attend. Shortly thereafter, More was charged with accepting bribes, but the charges had to be dismissed for lack of any evidence.
On 20 Feb 1547 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) was crowned VI King England at Westminster Abbey.
John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (62) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (34) was appointed Lord High Constable.
Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (18) and William Sharington 1495-1553 (52) were created Knight of the Bath.
Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon 1514-1561 (33), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418, William Sharington 1495-1553 (52),John Shelton 1503-1558 (44) and Walter Buckler -1556 were knighted.
Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (39) attended as the King's Champion.
On 01 Oct 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) was crowned I Queen of England and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) carried the Sword of State.
John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (73) bore the queen's train. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (45) attended as the Queen's Champion. James Blount 6th Baron Mountjoy 1533-1582 (20) and Henry Parker 12th Baron Marshal 11th Baron Morley 1533-1577 (20) were created Knight of the Bath. Thomas Hastings 1515- and John Leigh 1502-1564 (51) were knighted. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (80) and Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (28) attended.
Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (38) took part in the procession.
On 16 Jul 1557 Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (41) died at Chelsea Manor. She was buried at Westminster Abbey on 03 Aug 1557. She was the last of Henry VIII's six wives to die having outlived him by ten years.
On 15 Jan 1559 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (25) was crowned I King England by Owen Oglethorpe Bishop Carlisle 1507-1559 (52) at Westminster Abbey. .
Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 1540-1564 (19) carried the train. Nicholas Heath Archbishop of York 1501-1578 (58) censed. Edward Dymoke 1508-1566 (51) attended as the Queen's Champion. Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (22), Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (59), Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel 1512-1580 (46), Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (16) and William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (58) attended.
On 01 Sep 1582 Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Ormonde Countess Ossory 1534-1582 (47) died. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.
On 11 Apr 1587 Thomas Bromley Lord Chancellor 1530-1587 (57) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
In Jul 1587 Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 was buried at Peterborough Cathedral. Her remains were subsequently moved in 1612 to Westminster Abbey on the orders of her son James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (21).
On 28 Apr 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland was buried at Westminster Abbey. .
Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton 1549-1635 (54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28) refused to take part. She was supported by Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (60) and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67).
George Bourchier 1535-1605 (68) carried the Standard of the Dragon.
Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.
Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.
William Segar Painter 1554-1663 carried the Sword of State as .
Admiral Richard Leveson 1570-1605 (33) was one of the six knights who carried the canopy.
On 25 Jul 1603 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) was appointed Lord High Steward.
Robert Chichester 1578-1627 (25) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (23) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
William Pope 1st Earl Downe 1573-1631 (29), Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (15), Thomas Berkeley 1575-1611 (28), Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (40) and William Herbert 1st Baron Powis 1573-1655 (30) were appointed Knight of the Bath.
On 19 Apr 1608 Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (72) died suddenly at the council table, having apparently suffered a stroke. His funeral was held at Westminster Abbey. He was buried in the Sackville Chapel St Michael's Church Withyham East Sussex. His son Robert Sackville 2nd Earl Dorset 1561-1609 (47) succeeded 2nd Earl Dorset 4C 1604. Anne Spencer Countess Dorset -1618 by marriage Countess Dorset 4C 1604.
On 28 Aug 1609 Francis Vere 1561-1609 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 07 Dec 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 was buried at Westminster Abbey. His body had lain in state for a month at St James's Palace. Two thousand mourners attended in the procession and people of all ages lined the streets. Archbishop Abbott gave the funeral sermon. A magnificent hearse was erected on which was placed his richly clothed funeral effigy. The robes were those worn by the Prince at his creation as Princes of Wales in 1610. This effigy was made by Richard Norris with the plaster face modelled by Abraham Van der Doort.
Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (34) carried the shield.
On 29 Sep 1615 Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 08 Feb 1617 Edward Talbot 8th Earl Shrewsbury 8th Earl Waterford 1561-1617 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His half fourth cousin George Talbot 9th Earl Shrewsbury 9th Earl Waterford 1566-1630 (50) succeeded 9th Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 9th Earl Waterford.
On 02 Mar 1618 Elizabeth Spencer Baroness Hunsdon Baroness Eure 1552-1618 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 10 Sep 1619 Christopher Hatton 1581-1619 (38) died intestate. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
On 16 Feb 1624 Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (49) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His brother Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox 1579-1624 (45) succeeded 3rd Duke Lennox. Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox 1592-1637 (32) by marriage Duchess Lennox.
On or before 11 Mar 1624 Katherine Packer of Shelingford Lady Gell 1624-1671 was born to John Packer Clerk to the Privy Seal 1572-1649 (51) in Groombridge. She was baptised on 11 Mar 1624 in Westminster Abbey.
On 07 May 1625 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 02 Feb 1626 Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (25) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey. His wife Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (16) was not crowned since she being Catholic refused to attend an Anglican service. She watched Charles at a discreet distance. .
Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl of Sussex 1573-1629 (52) carried the Orb. Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (3) bore the Second Sword of State. Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (41) carried the Spurs. Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (48) bore the Rod with the Dove.
William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (8),James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (19), Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (49) and Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1602-1666 (24), John Maynard 1592-1658 (34) were appointed Knight of the Bath.
On 23 Aug 1628 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 (35) was murdered at Greyhound Pub Portsmouth by a disgruntled soldier John Felton. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 2C 1623, 2nd Earl Buckingham 5C 1617, 19th Baron Ros Helmsley.
Around Jan 1631 Bridget Vere Baroness Norreys Rycote 1564-1631 (66) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 19 Apr 1632 Mary Beaumont 1st Countess Buckingham 1570-1632 (62) died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 08 May 1635 Horace Vere 1st Baron Vere Tilbury 1565-1635 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 08 Oct 1639 Frances Howard Duchess Lennox Duchess Richmond 1578-1639 (61) died at Exeter House. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.
John Evelyn's Diary 1641 April. On the 27 Apr 1641, came over out of Holland the young Prince of Orange (14), with a splendid equipage, to make love to his Majesty's (40) eldest daughter (9), the now Princess Royal.
That evening, was celebrated the pompous funeral of the Duke of Richmond, who was carried in effigy, with all the ensigns of that illustrious family, in an open chariot, in great solemnity, through London to Westminster Abbey.
On 14 Sep 1646 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. The Earldom Earl Essex 8C 1572 extinct. His half first cousin twice removed Walter Devereux 5th Viscount Hereford 1575-1656 (71) succeeded 5th Viscount Hereford.
On 05 Jan 1650 James Palmer Vicar St Brides 1585-1660 (68) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
John Evelyn's Diary 1652 March. 06 Mar 1652. Saw the magnificent funeral of that arch-rebel, Ireton, carried in pomp from Somerset House to Westminster, accompanied with divers regiments of soldiers, horse and foot; then marched the mourners, General Cromwell (52) (his father-in-law), his mock-parliament-men, officers, and forty poor men in gowns, three led horses in housings of black cloth, two led in black velvet, and his charging horse, all covered over with embroidery and gold, on crimson velvet; then the guidons, ensigns, four heralds, carrying the arms of the State (as they called it), namely, the red cross and Ireland, with the casque, wreath, sword, spurs, etc.; next, a chariot canopied of black velvet, and six horses, in which was the corpse; the pall held up by the mourners on foot; the mace and sword, with other marks of his charge in Ireland (where he died of the plague), carried before in black scarfs. Thus, in a grave pace, drums covered with cloth, soldiers reversing their arms, they proceeded through the streets in a very solemn manner. This Ireton was a stout rebel, and had been very bloody to the King's (21) party, witness his severity at Colchester, when in cold blood he put to death those gallant gentlemen, Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle. My cousin, R. Fanshawe (43), came to visit me, and informed me of many considerable affairs. Sir Henry Herbert (57) presented me with his brother, my Lord Cherbury's book, "De Veritate.".
On 19 Jun 1652 Francis Cottington 1st Baron Cottington 1579-1652 (73) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Samuel Pepy's Diary 1660 January. 08 Jan 1660. Sunday. In the morning I went to Mr. Gunning's (46), where a good sermon, wherein he showed the life of Christ, and told us good authority for us to believe that Christ did follow his father's trade, and was a carpenter till thirty years of age. From thence to my father's (58) to dinner, where I found my wife (19), who was forced to dine there, we not having one coal of fire in the house, and it being very hard frosty weather. In the afternoon my father (58), he going to a man's to demand some money due to my Aunt Bells my wife (19) and I went to Mr. Mossum's (43), where a strange doctor made a very good sermon. From thence sending my wife (19) to my father's (58), I went to Mrs. Turner's (37), and staid a little while, and then to my father's (58), where I found Mr. Sheply, and after supper went home together. Here I heard of the death of Mr. Palmer, and that he was to be buried at Westminster tomorrow.
On 14 Nov 1660 Thomas Blagge 1613-1660 (47) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
John Evelyn's Diary 1660 December. 25 Dec 1660. Preached at the Abbey, Dr. Earle (59), Clerk of his Majesty's Closet, and my dear friend, now Dean of Westminster, on Luke ii. 13, 14, condoling the breach made in the public joy by the lamented death of the Princess.
John Evelyn's Diary 1661 January. 06 Jan 1661. Dr. Allestree (39) preached at the Abbey, after which four Bishops were consecrated, Hereford (51), Norwich (61), ...
This night was suppressed a bloody insurrection of some Fifth-Monarchy enthusiasts. Some of them were examined at the Council the next day; but could say nothing to extenuate their madness and unwarrantable zeal.
I was now chosen (and nominated by his Majesty (30) for one of the Council), by suffrage of the rest of the members, a Fellow of the Philosophic Society now meeting at Gresham College, where was an assembly of divers learned gentlemen. This being the first meeting since the King's (30) return; but it had been begun some years before at Oxford, and was continued with interruption here in London during the Rebellion.
There was another rising of the fanatics, in which some were slain.
John Evelyn's Diary 1661 January. 30th January 1661. Was the first solemn fast and day of humiliation to deplore the sins which had so long provoked God against this afflicted church and people, ordered by Parliament to be annually celebrated to expiate the guilt of the execrable murder of the late King.
This day (Oh, the stupendous and inscrutable judgments of God!) were the carcasses of those arch-rebels, Cromwell, Bradshawe (the judge who condemned his Majesty (30)), and Ireton (son-in-law to the Usurper), dragged out of their superb tombs in Westminster among the King (30)s, to Tyburn, and hanged on the gallows there from nine in the morning till six at night, and then buried under that fatal and ignominious. Monument in a deep pit; thousands of people who had seen them in all their pride being spectators. Look back at John Evelyn's Diary 1668 Oct, and be astonished! and fear God and honor the King (30); but meddle not with them who are given to change!.
John Evelyn's Diary 1661 March. 29 Mar 1661. Dr. Heylin (author of the "Geography") preached at the Abbey, on Cant. v. 25, concerning friendship and charity; he was, I think, at this time quite dark, and so had been for some years.
On 20 Apr 1661 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (52) was created 1st Earl Clarendon 1C 1661 at Westminster Abbey on the occasion of the Coronation Charles II. Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (43) by marriage Countess Clarendon 1C 1661.
On 23 Apr 1661 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.
John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston 1616-1695 (44),Francis Fane -1691 and Edward Hungerford 1632-1711 (28) were appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Godolphin 1605-1667 (55) was knighted.
Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland 1644-1670 (16) attended.
John Evelyn's Diary 1661 April. 23 Apr 1661. Was the coronation of his Majesty (30) Charles II in the Abbey-Church of Westminster; at all which ceremony I was present. the King (30) and his Nobility went to the Tower, I accompanying my Lord Viscount Mordaunt (34) part of the way; this was on Sunday, the 22d; but indeed his Majesty (30) went not till early this morning, and proceeded from thence to Westminster in this order:.
First went the Duke of York's Horse Guards. Messengers of the Chamber. 136 Esquires to the Knights of the Bath, each of whom had two, most richly habited. The Knight Harbinger. Sergeant Porter. Sewers of the Chamber. Quarter Waiters. Six Clerks of Chancery. Clerk of the Signet. Clerk of the Privy Seal. Clerks of the Council, of the Parliament, and of the Crown. Chaplains in ordinary having dignities, 10. King's Advocates and Remembrancer. Council at Law. Masters of the Chancery. Puisne Sergeants. King's Attorney and Solicitor. King's eldest Sergeant. Secretaries of the French and Latin tongue. Gentlemen Ushers. Daily Waiters, Sewers, Carvers, and Cupbearers in ordinary. Esquires of the body, 4. Masters of standing offices, being no Counsellors, viz, of the Tents, Revels, Ceremonies, Armory, Wardrobe, Ordnance, Requests. Chamberlain of the Exchequer. Barons of the Exchequer. Judges. Lord Chief-Baron. Lord Chief-Justice of the Common Pleas. Master of the Rolls. Lord Chief-Justice of England. Trumpets. Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Knights of the Bath, 68, in crimson robes, exceeding rich, and the noblest show of the whole cavalcade, his Majesty (30) excepted. Knight Marshal. Treasurer of the Chamber. Master of the Jewels. Lords of the Privy Council. Comptroller of the Household. Treasurer of the Household. Trumpets. Sergeant Trumpet. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Barons. Two Pursuivants at Arms. Viscounts. Two Heralds. Earls. Lord Chamberlain of the Household (59). Two Heralds. Marquises. Dukes. Heralds Clarencieux and Norroy. Lord Chancellor (52). Lord High Steward of England. Two persons representing the Dukes of Normandy and Acquitaine, viz, Sir Richard Fanshawe and Sir Herbert Price, in fantastic habits of the time. Gentlemen Ushers. Garter. Lord Mayor of London. The Duke of York alone (the rest by twos). Lord High Constable of England. Lord Great Chamberlain of England. The sword borne by the Earl Marshal of England. the King (30), in royal robes and equipage. Afterward, followed equerries, footmen, gentlemen pensioners. Master of the Horse, leading a horse richly caparisoned. Vice-Chamberlain. Captain of the Pensioners. Captain of the Guard. The Guard. The Horse Guard. The troop of Volunteers, with many other officers and gentlemen.
This magnificent train on horseback, as rich as embroidery, velvet, cloth of gold and silver, and jewels, could make them and their prancing horses, proceeded through the streets strewed with flowers, houses hung with rich tapestry, windows and balconies full of ladies; the London militia lining the ways, and the several companies, with their banners and loud music, ranked in their orders; the fountains running wine, bells ringing, with speeches made at the several triumphal arches; at that of the Temple Bar (near which I stood) the Lord Mayor was received by the Bailiff of Westminster, who, in a scarlet robe, made a speech. Thence, with joyful acclamations, his Majesty (30) passed to Whitehall. Bonfires at night.
The next day, being St. George's, he went by water to Westminster Abbey. When his Majesty (30) was entered, the Dean and Prebendaries brought all the regalia, and delivered them to several noblemen to bear before the King (30), who met them at the west door of the church, singing an anthem, to the choir. Then, came the Peers, in their robes, and coronets in their hands, till his Majesty (30) was placed on a throne elevated before the altar. Afterward, the Bishop of London (the Archbishop of Canterbury (79) being sick) went to every side of the throne to present the King (30) to the people, asking if they would have him for their King, and do him homage; at this, they shouted four times "God save King Charles II!" Then, an anthem was sung. His Majesty (30), attended by three Bishops, went up to the altar, and he offered a pall and a pound of gold. Afterward, he sat down in another chair during the sermon, which was preached by Dr. Morley (63), Bishop of Worcester.
After sermon, the King (30) took his oath before the altar to maintain the religion, Magna Charta, and laws of the land. The hymn Véni S. Sp. followed, and then the Litany by two Bishops. Then the Archbishop of Canterbury (79), present, but much indisposed and weak, said "Lift up your hearts"; at which, the King (30) rose up, and put off his robes and upper garments, and was in a waistcoat so opened in divers places, that the Archbishop (79) might commodiously anoint him, first in the palms of his hands, when an anthem was sung, and a prayer read; then, his breast and between the shoulders, bending of both arms; and, lastly, on the crown of the head, with apposite hymns and prayers at each anointing; this done, the Dean closed and buttoned up the waistcoat. After which, was a coif put on, and the cobbium, sindon or dalmatic, and over this a super-tunic of cloth of gold, with buskins and sandals of the same, spurs, and the sword; a prayer being first said over it by the Archbishop (79) on the altar, before it was girt on by the Lord Chamberlain (59). Then, the armill, mantle, etc. Then, the Archbishop placed the crown imperial on the altar, prayed over it, and set it on his Majesty's (30) head, at which all the Peers put on their coronets. Anthems, and rare music, with lutes, viols, trumpets, organs, and voices, were then heard, and the Archbishop put a ring on his Majesty's (30) finger. the King (30) next offered his sword on the altar, which being redeemed, was drawn, and borne before him. Then, the Archbishop delivered him the sceptre, with the dove in one hand, and, in the other, the sceptre with the globe. the King (30) kneeling, the Archbishop (79) pronounced the blessing. His Majesty (30) then ascending again his royal throne, while Te Deum was singing, all the Peers did their homage, by every one touching his crown. The Archbishop (79), and the rest of the Bishops, first kissing the King (30); who received the Holy Sacrament, and so disrobed, yet with the crown imperial on his head, and accompanied with all the nobility in the former order, he went on foot upon blue cloth, which was spread and reached from the west door of the Abbey to Westminster stairs, when he took water in a triumphal barge to Whitehall where was extraordinary feasting.
On 06 May 1661 Charles Stewart 1660-1661 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
John Evelyn's Diary 1661 November. 10 Nov 1661. In the afternoon, preached at the Abbey Dr. Basire, that great traveler, or rather French Apostle, who had been planting the Church of England in divers parts of the Levant and Asia. He showed that the Church of England was, for purity of doctrine, substance, decency, and beauty, the most perfect under Heaven; that England was the very land of Goshen.
John Evelyn's Diary 1661 December. 20 Dec 1661. The Bishop of Gloucester (70) preached at the Abbey at the funeral of the Bishop of Hereford, brother to the Duke of Albemarle (53). It was a decent solemnity. There was a silver miter, with episcopal robes, borne by the herald before the hearse, which was followed by the Duke his brother (53), and all the bishops, with divers noblemen.
John Evelyn's Diary 1662 February. 17 Feb 1662. I went with my Lord of Bristol (49) to see his house at Wimbledon, newly bought of the Queen-Mother (52), to help contrive the garden after the modern. It is a delicious place for prospect and the thickets, but the soil cold and weeping clay. Returned that evening with Sir Henry Bennett (44).
This night was buried in Westminster Abbey the Queen of Bohemia, after all her sorrows and afflictions being come to die in the arms of her nephew, the King (31); also this night and the next day fell such a storm of hail, thunder, and lightning, as never was seen the like in any man's memory, especially the tempest of wind, being southwest, which subverted, besides huge trees, many houses, innumerable chimneys (among others that of my parlor at Sayes Court), and made such havoc at land and sea, that several perished on both. Divers lamentable fires were also kindled at this time; so exceedingly was God's hand against this ungrateful and vicious nation and Court.
John Evelyn's Diary 1662 November. 30 Nov 1662. St. Andrew's day. Invited by the Dean of Westminster (61) to his consecration dinner and ceremony, on his being made Bishop of Worcester. Dr. Bolton preached in the Abbey Church; then followed the consecration by the Bishops of London (64), Chichester (70), Winchester (64), Salisbury (70), etc. After this, was one of the most plentiful and magnificent dinners that in my life I ever saw; it cost near £600 as I was informed. Here were the judges, nobility, clergy, and gentlemen innumerable, this Bishop being universally beloved for his sweet and gentle disposition. He was author of those Characters which go under the name of Blount. He translated his late Majesty's (32) "Icon" into Latin, was Clerk of his Closet, Chaplain, Dean of Westminster (61), and yet a most humble, meek, and cheerful man, an excellent scholar, and rare preacher. I had the honor to be loved by him. He married me at Paris, during his Majesty's (32) and the Church's exile. When I took leave of him, he brought me to the cloisters in his episcopal habit. I then went to prayers at Whitehall, where I passed that evening.
On 30 Mar 1663 Robert South Churchman 1634-1716 (28) was appointed Prebendary Westminster Abbey.
John Evelyn's Diary 1663 November. 05 Nov 1663. Dr. South (29), my Lord Chancellor's (54) chaplain, preached at Westminster Abbey an excellent discourse concerning obedience to magistrates, against the pontificians and sectaries. I afterward dined at Sir Philip Warwick's (53), where was much company.
John Evelyn's Diary 1666 June. 06 Jun 1666. Came Sir Daniel Harvey from the General and related the dreadful encounter, on which his Majesty (36) commanded me to dispatch an extraordinary physician and more chirurgeons. It was on the solemn Fast-day when the news came; his Majesty (36) being in the chapel made a sudden stop to hear the relation, which being with much advantage on our side, his Majesty (36) commanded that public thanks should immediately be given as for a victory. The Dean of the chapel going down to give notice of it to the other Dean officiating; and notice was likewise sent to St. Paul's and Westminster Abbey. But this was no sooner over, than news came that our loss was very great both in ships and men; that the Prince frigate was burnt, and as noble a vessel of ninety brass guns lost; and the taking of Sir George Ayscue (50), and exceeding shattering of both fleets; so as both being obstinate, both parted rather for want of ammunition and tackle than courage; our General retreating like a lion; which exceedingly abated of our former joy. There were, however, orders given for bonfires and bells; but, God knows, it was rather a deliverance than a triumph. So much it pleased God to humble our late overconfidence that nothing could withstand the Duke of Albemarle (57), who, in good truth, made too forward a reckoning of his success now, because he had once beaten the Dutch in another quarrel; and being ambitious to outdo the Earl of Sandwich (40), whom he had prejudicated as deficient in courage.
On 28 Jul 1667 Abraham Cowley Poet 1618-1667 (49) died in Porch House. He was buried in Westminster Abbey where John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normandby 1648-1721 (19) subsequently commissioned a. Monument.
John Evelyn's Diary 1667 August. 03 Aug 1667. Went to Mr. Cowley's funeral, whose corpse lay at Wallingford House, and was thence conveyed to Westminster Abbey in a hearse with six horses and all funeral decency, near a hundred coaches of noblemen and persons of quality following; among these, all the wits of the town, divers bishops and clergymen. He was interred next Geoffry Chaucer, and near Spenser. A goodly. Monument is since erected to his memory.
Now did his Majesty (37) again dine in the presence, in ancient state, with music and all the court ceremonies, which had been interrupted since the late war.
On 15 Jul 1669 Robert Staypylton -1669 was buried near the vestry door in Westminster Abbey.
On 20 Nov 1671 Henry de Vic 1599-1671 (72) died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
John Evelyn's Diary 1672 February. 11 Feb 1672. In the afternoon, that famous proselyte, Monsieur Brevall, preached at the Abbey, in English, extremely well and with much eloquence. He had been a Capuchin, but much better learned than most of that order.
On 28 May 1672 Philip Carteret 1628-1672 (44) and Winston Churchill -1672 were killed at Solebay Southwold.
Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (46) was killed. His son Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Sandwich 1648-1688 (24) succeeded 2nd Earl Sandwich.
George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth 1647-1691 (25) fought.
Charles Harbord 1640-1672 (32) died. The inscription on his. Monument in Westminster Abbey reads ... Sr. Charles Harbord Knt. his Majesties Surveyor General, and First Lieutenant of the Royall James, under the most noble and illustrious captain Edward, Earle of Sandwich (46), Vice Admirall of England, which after a terrible fight maintained to admiration against a squadron of the Holland fleet for above six houres, neere the Suffolk coast, having put off two fireships, at last being utterly disSabled and few of her men remaining unhurt, was by a third unfortunately set on fire: but he (though he swam well) neglected to save himselfe as some did, and out of the perfect love to that worthy lord (whom for many yeares he had constantly accompanyed in all his honourable imployments, and in all the engagements of the former warr) dyed with him at the age of XXXIII, much bewailed of his father whom he never offended, and much beloved of all for his knowne piety, vertue, loyalty, fortitude and fidelity.
Captain John Cox -1672 was killed in action.
Admiral John Holmes 1640-1683 (32) fought as commander of HMS Rupert.
John Evelyn's Diary 1673 July. 06 Jul 1673. This evening I went to the funeral of my dear and excellent friend, that good man and accomplished gentleman, Sir Robert Murray, Secretary of Scotland. He was buried by order of his Majesty (43) in Westminster Abbey.
John Evelyn's Diary 1675 August. 09 Aug 1675. Dr. Sprat (40), prebend of Westminster, and Chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham (47), preached on the 3d Epistle of Jude, showing what the primitive faith was, how near it and how excellent that of the Church of England, also the danger of departing from it.
John Evelyn's Diary 1676 July. 19 Jul 1676. Went to the funeral of Sir William Sanderson, husband to the Mother of the Maids (72), and author of two large but mean histories of King James and King Charles I. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 25 Dec 1676 William Cavendish 1st Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1592-1676 (84) died at Welbeck Abbey. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1691 (46) succeeded 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne 1C 1665. Frances Pierrepoint Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne 1630-1695 (46) by marriage Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne 1C 1665.
In 1677 John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (20) and Bridget Vaughan Baroness Ashburnham were married at Westminster Abbey.
In Jan 1681 Frances Seymour Countess Southampton 1618-1681 (63) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 18 Jan 1681 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne 1648-1682 (34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall, by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark (22). He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 14 Feb 1685 Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was buried without any manner of pomp at Westminster Abbey.
On 23 Apr 1685 James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51) was crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland by William Sancroft Archbishop of Canterbury 1617-1693 (68). Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) crowned Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland.
Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) preached the sermon.
John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (29) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at Westminster Abbey.
Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (21) was appointed Lord High Constable.
Before 30 Mar 1686 John Strode 1627-1686 died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey on 30 Mar 1686.
John Evelyn's Diary 1688 May. 20 May 1688. I went to Whitehall Chapel, where, after the morning lessons, the Declaration was read by one of the choir who used to read the chapters. I hear it was in the Abbey Church, Westminster, but almost universally forborne throughout all London: the consequences of which a little time will show.
John Evelyn's Diary 1689 April. 11 Apr 1689. I saw the procession to and from the Abbey Church of Westminster, with the great feast in Westminster Hall, at the coronation of King William and Queen Mary. What was different from former coronations, was some alteration in the coronation oath. Dr. Burnet (45), now made Bishop of Sarum, preached with great applause. The Parliament men had scaffolds and places which took up the one whole side of the Hall. When the King (38) and Queen (26) had dined, the ceremony of the Champion, and other services by tenure were performed. The Parliament men were feasted in the Exchequer chamber, and had each of them a gold medal given them, worth five-and-forty shillings. On the one side were the effigies of the King and Queen inclining one to the other; on the reverse was Jupiter throwing a bolt at Phäeton the words, "Ne totus absumatur": which was but dull, seeing they might have had out of the poet something as apposite. The sculpture was very mean.
Much of the splendor of the proceeding was abated by the absence of divers who should have contributed to it, there being but five Bishops, four Judges (no more being yet sworn), and several noblemen and great ladies wanting; the feast, however, was magnificent. The next day the House of Commons went and kissed their new Majesties' hands in the Banqueting House.
On 11 Apr 1689 William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) and Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (26) were crowned II King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.
John Ashburnham 1st Baron Ashburnham 1656-1710 (33) carried the canopy being one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports.
George Compton 4th Earl of Northampton 1664-1727 (24) bore the King's sceptre and cross at Westminster Abbey. .
On 24 May 1694 Anthony Carey 5th Viscount Falkland 1656-1694 (38) died of smallpox. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His half second cousin Lucius Carey 6th Viscount Falkland 1687-1730 (6) succeeded 6th Viscount Falkland.
On 28 Dec 1694 Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (32) died of smallpox shortly after midnight at Kensington Palace. Her body lay in state at the Banqueting House.
On 05 Mar 1695 she was buried in Westminster Abbey. Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (58) preached the sermon.
She had reigned for five years. Her husband William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (44) continued to reign for a further eight years.
On 03 Sep 1698 Robert Howard Playwright Politician 1626-1698 (72) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 03 Oct 1701 Joseph Williamson Secretary of State 1633-1701 (68) died in Cobham. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. He left £6,000 and his library to Queen's College, Oxford.
On 23 Apr 1702 Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (65).
On 11 Feb 1704 Catherine Greville Duchess Buckingham and Normandby -1704 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
In 1708 Elizabeth Savile Countess Chesterfield 1677-1708 (31) died. She was buried with her parentrrs in Westminster Abbey.
On 13 Nov 1708 Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 09 Mar 1709 Ralph Montagu 1st Duke Montagu 1638-1709 (70) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Montagu 1C 1705, 4th Baron Montagu of Boughton in Northamptonshire 1C 1621. Mary Churchill Duchess Montagu 1689-1751 (19) by marriage 2nd Duchess Montagu 1C 1705.
On 19 Dec 1712 John Berkeley 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge 1650-1712 (62) died at Windsor. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
On 20 Oct 1714 George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) was crowned I King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury 1636-1715 (78).
Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (30) was appointed Lord High Steward.
On 10 May 1726 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (56) died at Bath. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (30) succeeded 2nd Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 2nd Earl Burford, 2nd Baron Heddington. Lucy Werden Duchess St Albans 1699-1752 (27) by marriage Duchess St Albans 1C 1684.
On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist 1642-1727 was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (74).
Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.
The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose 1680-1742 (47), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe 1709-1755 (18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex 1690-1731 (36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield 1666-1732 (60).
The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (32); his third cousin.
Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".
On 11 Oct 1727 John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire 1693-1756 (34) was created 1st Baron Hobart at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of George II. Judith Britiffe Countess Buckinghamshire by marriage Baroness Hobart.
On 09 Sep 1729 John Finch 6th Earl Winchilsea 1683-1729 (46) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His half second cousin Daniel Finch 2nd Earl Nottingham 7th Earl Winchilsea 1647-1730 (82) succeeded 7th Earl Winchilsea. Anne Hatton 2nd Countess Nottingham 7th Countess Winchelsea -1743 by marriage 7th Countess Winchilsea.
On 28 Aug 1731 Charles Boyle 4th Earl Cork 4th Earl Orrery 1674-1731 (57) died at Westminster. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son John Boyle 5th Earl Cork 1707-1762 (24) succeeded 5th Earl Cork. Henrietta Hamilton Countess Cork by marriage Countess Cork.
On 20 Jan 1734 Henry Newport 3rd Earl Bradford 1683-1734 (51) was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Before 11 Sep 1734 Elizabeth "Mad Duchess" Cavendish Duchess Albermarle Duchess Montagu 1654-1734 died. On 11 Sep 1734 she was buried at Westminster Abbey.
In 1739 Charlotte Rowe 1716-1739 (23) was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 13 Apr 1751 Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 27 Jul 1751 Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (55) died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son George Beauclerk 3rd Duke St Albans 1730-1786 (21) succeeded 3rd Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 3rd Earl Burford, 3rd Baron Heddington.
On 22 Sep 1761 George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (23) was crowned III King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.
Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton 1737-1763 (24) was the Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove.
William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot 1710-1782 (51) was appointed Lord High Steward.
In Mar 1763 William Pulteney 1731-1763 was buried in Westminster Abbey.
On 21 Jun 1814 Gilbert Elliot 1st Earl Minto 1751-1814 (63) died at his home 4 Prince's Terrace Kensington. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. His son Gilbert Elliot Murray Kynynmound 2nd Earl Minto 1782-1859 (31) succeeded 2nd Earl Minto of Minto in Roxburghshire.
Around 19 Jul 1821 James Wandesford Butler 1st Marquess Ormonde 1777-1838 (44) was created 1st Baron Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of King George IV. Grace Louisa Staples Marchioness Ormonde -1860 by marriage Baroness Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire.
On 19 Jul 1821 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (58) was crowned IV King Great Britain and Ireland.
William Cavendish 6th Duke Devonshire 1790-1858 (31) carried the Orb at Westminster Abbey.
Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard Molyneux Howard 1766-1824 (54).
Edward Boscawen 1st Earl Falmouth 1787-1841 (34) was created 1st Earl Falmouth 2C 1821.
On 19 Jul 1821 Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (53) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard Molyneux Howard 1766-1824 (54) being ill at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of William IV.
On 12 Feb 1824 Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 08 Sep 1831 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (66) was crowned IV King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey.
Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl Effingham 1767-1845 (63) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard Molyneux Howard 1766-1824 being ill.
In 1861 Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert 4th Earl Carnarvon 1831-1890 (29) and Evelyn Stanhope Countess Carnarvon 1834-1875 (26) were married at Westminster Abbey. Evelyn Stanhope Countess Carnarvon 1834-1875 (26) by marriage Countess Carnarvon 3C 1793.
On 27 Jul 1866 Charlotte Herbert Duchess Northumberland 1787-1866 (78) died at Twickenham. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.
On 05 Nov 1874 Richard Grosvenor 1st Baron Stalbridge 1837-1912 (37) and Beatrice Charlotte Elizabeth Vesey Baroness Stalbridge -1876 were married at Westminster Abbey. Beatrice Charlotte Elizabeth Vesey Baroness Stalbridge -1876 by marriage Baroness Stalbridge.
Times Newspaper Marriages. 21 Apr 1899. Marriage of Lord Crewe and Lady Peggy Primrose.
The marriage of Lady Margaret (Peggy) Primrose (18), younger daughter of the Earl of Rosebery (51), with the Earl of Crews (41), which took place at Westminster Abbey yesterday, was remarkable, not only as a brilliant spectacle, bat also on account of the extraordinary degree of public interest which the event evoked, and the testimony thus afforded to the popularity of the late Prime Minister. It was an ideal day for a wedding, the sun shining brilliantly. Parliament Square and the approaches to the Abbey early in the day presented a gay and animated spectacle. An hour or more before the time announced for the opening of the Abbey doors, and a couple of hours before the bridal party were expected, people began to collect in the Abbey precincts, and in a short time great crowds were stretching right away to the railings of the Houses of Parliament. As time wore on and the vast concourse grew into extraordinary dimensions the police on duty had the utmost difficulty in regulating the living mass. Taffic became congested, and the constables in some cases were swept off their feet by the surging and panting multitude, but everywhere the best of good humour seemed to prevail in the streets.
Meanwhile the interior of the Abbey was also the centre of much life and movement. The wedding was fixed for 1:30, aud the doors, at each of which a long queue of ticket-holders and others had long been patiently waiting, were opened three-quarters of an hour earlier. Immediately the throngs, in which the bright costumes of the ladies were conspicuous, wwept into the Abbey. None-ticket holders were admitted by the north door only. This entrance was literally besieged, and a quarter of an hour after it was opened it had to be closed, for in that brief space the northern transept-the porLion of the Abbey allotted to the general public-had become so densely packed that it would not hold another spectator. Those privileged visitors who held permits either for tue nave or the south transept seemed none the less eager to secure advantageous places, for every one came early. Many of the ladies stood upon the seats in their eagerness to obtain a good view. As the guests arrived Sir Frederick Bridge played an appropriate selection of music upon the grand organ.
The rare spectacle of floral decorations in the Abbey attracted general attention. At each end of the alter rails there was a towering palm with a collection of Lilium Harrisii and marguerites grouped at the base, while blooms of Liliam Harrisii also adorned the altar itself. Specimen palms with foliage and flowering plants were placed against the organ screen facing the western entrance, by which the bridal party were shortly to enter.
The arrival of the specially invited guests also proved a source of much interest. These privileged persons, numbering some 500 or 600, friends of the contracting parties and including men distinguished in politics, diplomacy, literature, and art, were escorted to seats in the choir and under the lantern. The Earl of Crewe (41), with his best man, the Earl of Chesterfield (45), arrived about ten minutes past 1. Each of them wore a marguerite in his buttonhole. They joined the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire under the lantern. The Prince of Wales (4) arrived about 25 minutes past 1. His Royal Highness, attended by the Hon. Seymour Fortescue (43), was received by Lord Rosebery's sons, Lord Dalmeny (17) and the Hon. Neil Primrose (16), by whom he was conducted to the Jerusalem Chamber. The Duke of Cambridge (80), who quickly followed, attended by Colonel FitzgGeorge, was met at the same door by the Hon. Neil Primrose, under whose escort he joined the Prince of Wales, after which their Royal Highnesses went to the choir and took the seats which had been specially reserved for then.
Among the others present were: The Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos, the Marquis and Marchioness of Breadalbane, the Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch. Mr. Balfour M.P., the Duke (52) and Duchess (46) of Somerset, the Marquis of Lansdowne (54), Mr. Asquith, M.P., and Mrs. Asquith, the Austrian Ambassador, the Earl and Countess of Harewood, the Duchess of Cleveland. the Earl of Kirnberley and Lady Constance Wodehouse, Lady Jeune and Miles Stanley, the Marquis of Dufferin, Sir R. Campbell-Bannerman, M.P., and Lady Campbell-Bauneiman, Mr. Bryce, M.P., and Mrs. Biyce, Mr. J. B Balfour, H.P., and Mrs. Balfour, Mir. H Gladstone, the Earl aud Countess of Corck, the Lord Chief Justice (Lord Russell of Killoren) and the Hon. Mliss Russell, Sir H. Fowler, f.P., and Lady Fowler, Earl and Courntess Dc Grey, Mr. Munro-Fergrsca, M.P., and Lady Helen Munro-Ferguison, Sir Henry Irving, ir. Morley, M.P., S,r John and lady Puleston, the Marquig and Marehioness of Ripon, Lord and Lady Recay, Lord and Lady Rothschild, and all the Londoa representatives of the Rothschild family, Sir Charles aild Lady Tennant, Lord Wandsworth. Lord and Baroness Wenlock, Lord Leconfdeld, the Earl of Verulamn, Mr. aud Mrs. George Alexander idiss Mundella, Sir E. Sassoon, H.P., General and Mrs. Wauchope, Sir E. Lawson, Mr. Harmswortl, Sir Lewis Morris. Lord James of Hereford and Miss James the Hon. P. Stanhope, H.P., and Countess Tolstoy, the Earl and Countess of Aberdeen, Mr. Shaw Lefevre, Sir Charles Dalry,uiple MP. Mr. Sydney Buxton, M.P. ,hr. George Russell, Tr. G. E. Buckle, Georgina, Countess A! Dudley, Sir Humphrey and Lady De Trafford, Sir Edgar and Lady Helen Vincent, Sir John Lubbock, hLP., and Lady Lubbock, Lord Hamilton of Dalzell' Sir Henry Primrose, Lord and Lady St. Oswald, Eara and Countess Stanbope, Mr. Rochfort Maguire. M.P., and Mrs. Maguire, Lady Emily Peel, Loid E. Pitzmaurice. HI.P., Earl and Countess Carrington, Lord and Lady Bnrgheiere, Loud and Lady Battersea, Lord and Lady Henry Bentnek, Lord and Lady Poltimure, the Earl of Essex, and Viscount Curzon, .p., and Viscountess Ctu-zon.
By the time that the whole of the company bad assembled the transepts and choir were densely packed. The attendants had the greatest difficulty in keeping many of the spectators within the specified bounds, and owing to the crushing and crowding several ladies fainted. At half-past 1 Lord Rosebery arrived with the bride at the western entrance, having had a very heartv reception as they passed through the streets. This cordial greeting was repeated again and again as Lord wRosebery handed his daughter out of the carriage. She appeared relf-possessed and smiled upon those around her. Lady Peggy Primirose was attired in a dress of white satin of the new shape, with a very long train (not separate from the dress as in the old style). It was profusely embroidered with clusters of diamonds designed as primroses. The front of the skirt opened over a petticoat of exquisite point d'Alengon laco, which was formerly tn the possession of Marie Antoinette, and was a present from the bride's aunt, Miss Lucy Cohen. The bodice was embroidered and trimmed with similar lace aud its sleeves were of transparent mausselijt I soic. The veil was of tulle, and in nlace of the nsual coronet of orange blossom the bride wore a smart Louis XVI bow of real orange flowers. Jewelry was scarcely at all employed. Lady Peggy carried a magnificent bouquet composed mainly of orchids, white roses, lilies, and marguerites.
The bride (18) was received at the door of the Abbey by her ten bridesmaids. They were Lady Sybil Primrose (20), elder sister of the bride; the Ladies Annabel (18), Celia (15), and Cynthia (14) (Crewe-Milnes, daughters of the bridegroom; the Hon. Maud and the Hon. Margaret Wyndham, daughters of Lord Leaconfield; the Hon. Evelina Rothschild, daughter of Lord Rothschild; Miss Louise Wirsch; Lady Juliet Lowther (18), daughter of the late Earl of Lonsdale and Countess de Grey; and Miss Muriel White, daughter of Mr. Blenry White, of the United States Embassy. They were all dressed alike, in white embroidered moseline de rois over white silk. The skirts were made with shaped flounces with cream lace insertion, and upon the bodices were fichns edged with lace. The sashes were of primrose chiffon, and the hats of primrose tulle with white ostrich feathers, one side being turned up with Lady de Rothschild roses. The bouquets were of the same roses, tied with long tLreamers of the primrose chiffon. Each of the bridesmaids wore a gold curb bracelet with the initials of the bride and bridegroom in enamel, the gifts of the bridegroom.
The formation of the bridal proession was a very picturesque feature of the ceremonial. Schubert's " Grand March " was played, and the ,vast congregation rose to their feet as the choir advanced, followed along the nave by the clergy, after whom caine the bride leaning upon the arm of her father, who wore a bunch of primroses in his coat, and attended by her bridesmaids. All eyes were naturally turned to the bride, but she did not lose her composare during the long and trying walk up the nave to the choir.
As the procession approached the choir, Lord Crewe who with his best man had been standing a few yards from the Prince of Wales advanced to meet the bride, and the party ha1ted at a point between the choir and the lantern, where the first part of the wedding service was taken, in full view of the choir stalls, where the principal guests were seated. The hymn " O perfect Love" having been sung, the marriage service began. The officiating clergy were the Rev. Dr. Butler (Master of Tririty), the Dean of Westminster, Canon Blackburne, vicar of Crewe-green, Crewe, Canon Armitage Robinson, and the Precentor of Westminster. Dr. Butler, who took the principal part of the service, read the words in a very impressive manner. The bride made the responses in a perfectly audible voice. Upon the conclusion of the first part of the ceremony the procession of the clergy and the bride and bridegroom, followed by the bridesmaids, moved towards the east. They passed, while the psalm was sung to a chant by Beethoven, through the sacrarrum to the altar, where the concluding portion of the service was said by the Dean and other clergy. Next came the hymn " Now thank we all otr God," after which the blessing was pronounced and the service was brought to a close, to the actompaniment of a merry peal from the bells of St. Margaret's Church. As the procession moved down the Abbey to the Jerusalem Chamber to sign the register Mendelssohn's " Wedding March " was played, and the great majority of the congreation prepared to take their departure. 'ihs Prince of Wales and the Duke of Cambridge were among those who accompanied the bridal party and their relatives to the Jerusalem Chamber and appended their names to the register. Lord and Baroness Crewe, with their friends, left the Abbey amid a renewal of those enthusiastic demonstrations which had marked Lady Peggy Primrose's arrival as a bride. A reception and luncheon was given at Lord Rosebery's town house attended by the Prince of Wales; the Duke of Cambridge, and about 600 other guests, most of whom had attended the ceremony in theAbbey. Later in the day the Earl and Countess of Crewe left town for Welbeek Abbey,'placed at their disposal by the Duke and Duchess of Portland for the early part of the honeymoon. The bride wore a travelling dress of green cloth, the skirt being stitched with gold, the bodice and sleeves being embroidered in natural colour silk and gold with primroses She vwore a large wzhite hat w,ith feathers to match. THE WEDDING PRES IU& After the departure of the bride and bride-groom the numerous wedding presents displayed at Lord Rosebery's house were inspected with much interest by those of the guests who had not previously seen them.
Soon after 7 o'clock last evening the train conveying Lord and Baroness Crewe arrived at Worksop Station. The platform was thronged with people, who gave a most cordial, though quiet, reception to the newly-married pair. On their arrival at Welbeck Abbey the visitors were received with every honour, and a bouquet was presented to Baroness Crewe. The employes on the estate of Dalmeny dined together last night in celebration of the marriage of Lady Peggy Primrose. Mr. Drysdale, the chamberlain, presided over a company of about 300. After dinner there was a dance, and a display of fireworks was given in the grounds. The burgh of Queensferry, which adjoins Lord Rosebery's Dalmeny estate, was decorated yesterday in honour of the wedding. A banquet was held in the council chambers, at which the health of the bride and bridegroom was honoured, and a congratulatory telegram forwarded to Baroness Crewe.
On 27 Feb 1919 Alexander Ramsay 1881-1972 (37) and Victoria Patricia "Patsy" Windsor 1886-1974 (32) were married at Westminster Abbey.
On 26 Apr 1923 George VI King United Kingdom 1895-1952 (27) and Elizabeth Bowes Lyon Queen Consort England 1900-2002 (22) were married at Westminster Abbey.
Mary Elphinstone 1911-1980 (12) and Cecilia Bowes Lyon 1912-1947 (11) were bridesmaids.
On 12 Oct 1934 George Windsor 1st Duke Kent 1897-1942 (37) and Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968 (27) were married at Westminster Abbey. Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent 1906-1968 (27) by marriage Duchess Kent 2C 1934.
Abbey House Westminster Abbey
On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.
Chancel Westminster Abbey
Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey
Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey
On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.
On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist 1642-1727 was buried in Westminster Abbey. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (74).
Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.
The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose 1680-1742 (47), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe 1709-1755 (18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery 1656-1733 (71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex 1690-1731 (36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield 1666-1732 (60).
The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet 1695-1743 (32); his third cousin.
Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".
Crypt Westminster Abbey
Deanery Westminster Abbey
On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (66) died in the Deanery Westminster Abbey. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano. The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale, her heraldic badge, at her feet.
Hyde Vault Westminster Abbey
On 08 Aug 1667 Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (50) died. She was buried in the Hyde Vault Westminster Abbey.
North Transept Westminster Abbey
On 14 Jul 1809 Charles Agar 1st Earl Normanton 1736-1809 (72) died. He was buried at North Transept Westminster Abbey. His son Welbore Ellis Agar 2nd Earl Normanton 1778-1868 (31) succeeded 2nd Earl Normanton.
Northumberland Vault Westminster Abbey
On 07 Feb 1750 Algernon Seymour 7th Duke Somerset 1684-1750 (65) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault Westminster Abbey. His half fifth cousin once removed Edward Seymour 8th Duke Somerset 1695-1757 (55) succeeded 8th Duke Somerset 4C 1547. Mary Webb Duchess Somerset 1697-1768 (53) by marriage Duchess Somerset 4C 1547. His daughter Elizabeth Seymour Duchess Northumberland 1716-1776 (33) succeeded 2nd Baron Percy. Charles Wyndham 2nd Earl Egremont 1710-1763 (39) succeeded 2nd Earl Egremont.
On 24 Jan 1812 Isabella Susan Burrell Countess Beverley 1750-1812 (61) died. She was buried in the Northumberland Vault Westminster Abbey.
On 28 Apr 1820 Frances Julia Burrell Duchess Northumberland 1752-1820 (67) died at Syon House Syon Park Isleworth. She was buried in the Northumberland Vault Westminster Abbey.
On 17 Jan 1837 Elizabeth Anne Burrell Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1757-1837 (79) died. He was buried in the Northumberland Vault Westminster Abbey.
On 02 Jan 1899 Algernon George Percy 6th Duke Northumberland 1810-1899 (88) died. He was buried at Northumberland Vault Westminster Abbey. His son Henry George Percy 7th Duke Northumberland 1846-1918 (52) succeeded 7th Duke Northumberland 3C 1766. Edith Campbell Duchess Northumberland 1849-1913 (49) by marriage Duchess Northumberland 3C 1766.
Poets Corner Westminster Abbey
Triforium Westminster Abbey
In 1694 Esther de la Tour de Gouvernet 1666-1694 (28) died. She was buried with her mother and grandmother, all three Esther, in the Triforium Westminster Abbey.
On or before 07 Dec 1697 Esther Vinart -1697 died. On 07 Dec 1697 she was buried in the Triforium Westminster Abbey.