Duke Clarence

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1421 Battle of Baugé

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1469 Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

1478 Execution of George Duke of Clarence

Duke Clarence is in Dukes.

Duke Clarence 1C 1362

On 13 Nov 1362, his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...

Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster.

On 07 Oct 1368 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (29) died from poisoning at Alba. Duke Clarence 1C 1362 extinct. There was strong speculation he had been poisoned by his wife's (14) father (48). He was buried at Clare Priory. His daughter Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Ulster.

Duke Clarence 2C 1412

In 1412 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 2C 1412 by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (44). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (27) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

On 23 Mar 1421 the Dauphin's (18) French army and a Scottish army heavily defeated the English army at the Battle of Baugé. On the French side Étienne Vignolles "La Hire" -1443 fought. On the Scottish side John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 (40) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (41) fought. William Douglas 1384-1421 (37) was killed.

On the English side John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18), Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44), Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) and John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (26) were captured. John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18) would be captive for the next seventeen years. Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44) was released in 1422. Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) was release around 1427 in a prisoner exchange.

Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (32) was killed in battle. Duke Clarence 2C 1412 extinct.

John Lumley 1383-1421 (38) was killed in battle.

John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 (24) was killed in battle. His brother Thomas Ros 8th Baron Ros Helmsley 1407-1430 (13) succeeded 8th Baron Ros Helmsley.

William Ros 1397-1421 (24), and Gilbert V Umfraville -1421 were killed.

John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (37) was killed in battle. His son Henry Grey 2nd Earl Tankerville 1418-1450 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Tankerville 1C 1418.

William Douglas 1st Lord Drumlanrig -1427 was present.

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of John Lumley 1383-1421.

Duke Clarence 3C 1461

Around Jun 1461, the time of his coronation, King Edward IV (19) created his two brothers as Dukes ...

George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was created 1st Duke Clarence 3C 1461.

Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) was created 1st Duke Gloucester 3C 1461.

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence 1451-1476 (17) were married by George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (37) at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (40). They were first cousins once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Clarence.

On 18 Feb 1478 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was drowned in a butt of wine (Malmsey) wine in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London. Duke Clarence 3C 1461 extinct. "in a butt of Malmsey wine" may refer to 1 a butt full of Malmsey wine or 2 a butt that once contained Malmsey wine that was subsequently re-used for another purpose such as washing or bathing.

William Hussey 1443-1495 (35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

The only other person known to have been executed, or ritually killed, by drowning in a butt of wine is Muirchertach mac Muiredaig High King of Ireland -534 (as reported by the Annals of Ulster) in his case at Newgrange Passage Tomb.

In 1766 Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon 1729-1789 (36) commenced a claim to Duke Clarence 3C 1461 which he pursued for the remainder of his life.