Twenty Trees

On this Day in History ... 05 August

641 Battle of Maserfield

1305 Capture of William Wallace

1388 Battle of Otterburn

1415 Southampton Plot

Battle of Maserfield

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia -655 Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.
Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (37) was killed. His body was subsequently dismembered with his head and arms mounted on poles. His brother Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (29) succeeded King Bernicia. Rhiainfellt Rheged Queen Consort Bernicia by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.
Osric King Deira -634 was killed. His son Oswine King Deira -651 succeeded King Deira.
Eowa King Mercia -642 was killed (probably).

On 05 Aug 882 Louis III King West Francia 863-882 (19) died.

On 05 Aug 1063 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn King Wales -1063 was killed. The Ulster Chronicle states that he was killed by Cynan ab Iago King Gwynedd 1035-1063 in 1064, whose father Iago had been put to death by Gruffydd in 1039.

On 05 Aug 1103 William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120 was born to King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (35) and Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 (23). The name Adelin an Anglo-Saxon term meaning Noble, or Prince, reflecting his mother's descent from the House of Wessex (her mother was Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland 1045-1093 ).

On 05 Aug 1301 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (62) and Margaret of France Queen Consort England 1279-1318 (22) at Woodstock Palace Woodstock.

Capture of William Wallace

On 05 Aug 1305 William Wallace -1305 was handed over to the English forces by John Menteith 1275-1329 (30) at Robroyston, Glasgow.

Battle of Otterburn

On 05 Aug 1388 a Scottish army commanded by John Swinton -1402 defeated an English army commanded by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (24) during the Battle of Otterburn at Otterburn. Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (24) and his brother Ralph Percy were captured as was Matthew Redman 1328-1389 (59). On the Scottish side James Douglas 2nd Earl Douglas 1358-1388 (30) was killed, John Dunbar 4th Earl Moray -1391 fought. The English suffered 1000 killed, 2000 captured. The Scottish 100 killed, 200 captured.

Southampton Plot

On 05 Aug 1415 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) and Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 were beheaded at the North Gate aka Bargate for their roles in the Southampton Plot.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.

On 05 Aug 1447 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (52) died at Stepney. He was buried at the Church of St Katharine's by the Tower Tower Hill. His son Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (17) succeeded 3rd Duke Exeter 1C 1397, 3rd Earl Huntingdon 4C 1388. Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (7) by marriage Duchess Exeter 1C 1397.

Around 05 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was imprisoned at Warwick Castle.

On 05 Aug 1581 Hedwig Oldenburg 1581-1641 was born to Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588 (47).

On 05 Aug 1599 Alexander Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) died of wounds and fever in Ulster while campaigning with the Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) during the unsuccessful attempt to bring Ireland under English control. The Queen (65) herself informed his twin sister of her brother's death.

In 1590 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (24).

Around 1596 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (34). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30).

Around 1597 Marcus Gheeraerts Painter 1562-1636 (35). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (31).

After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

On 05 Aug 1628 Nicholas Tufton 1st Earl Isle Thanet 1578-1631 (50) was created 1st Earl Isle Thanet. Frances Cecil Countess Isle Thanet 1581-1653 (47) by marriage Countess Isle Thanet.

John Evelyn's Diary 1658 August. 05 Aug 1658. We went to Squirries to visit my Cousin Leech, daughter to Sir John; a pretty, finely wooded, well watered seat, the stables good, the house old, but convenient. 6th. Returned to Wotton.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 August. 05 Aug 1662. To London, and next day to Hampton Court, about my purchase, and took leave of Sir R. Fanshawe (54), now going Ambassador to Portugal.

On 05 Aug 1668 Philippe Charles Bourbon 1668-1671 was born to Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715 (29) and Maria Theresa Habsburg Spain Queen Consort France 1638-1683 (29).

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 August. 05 Aug 1670. There was sent me by a neighbor a servant maid, who, in the last month, as she was sitting before her mistress at work, felt a stroke on her arm a little above the wrist for some height, the smart of which, as if struck by another hand, caused her to hold her arm awhile till somewhat mitigated; but it put her into a kind of convulsion, or rather hysteric fit. A gentleman coming casually in, looking on her arm, found that part powdered with red crosses, set in most exact and wonderful order, neither swelled nor depressed, about this shape, [Note. Diamond shape] not seeming to be any way made by artifice, of a reddish color, not so red as blood, the skin over them smooth, the rest of the arm livid and of a mortified hue, with certain prints, as it were, of the stroke of fingers. This had happened three several times in July, at about ten days' interval, the crosses beginning to wear out, but the successive ones set in other different, yet uniform order. The maid seemed very modest, and came from London to Deptford with her mistress, to avoid the discourse and importunity of curious people. She made no gain by it, pretended no religious fancies; but seemed to be a plain, ordinary, silent, working wench, somewhat fat, short, and high-colored. She told me divers divines and physicians had seen her, but were unsatisfied; that she had taken some remedies against her fits, but they did her no good; she had never before had any fits; once since, she seemed in her sleep to hear one say to her that she should tamper no more with them, nor trouble herself with anything that happened, but put her trust in the merits of Christ only.
This is the substance of what she told me, and what I saw and curiously examined. I was formerly acquainted with the impostorious nuns of Loudun, in France, which made such noise among the Papists; I therefore thought this worth the notice. I remember Monsieur Monconys19 (that curious traveler and a Roman Catholic) was by no means satisfied with the stigmata of those nuns, because they were so shy of letting him scrape the letters, which were Jesus, Maria, Joseph (as I think), observing they began to scale off with it, whereas this poor wench was willing to submit to any trial; so that I profess I know not what to think of it, nor dare I pronounce it anything supernatural.

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 August. 05 Aug 1677. I went to visit my Lord Brounker (57), now taking the waters at Dulwich.

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 August. 05 Aug 1687. I went to see Albury, now purchased by Mr. Finch (38) (the King's Solicitor and son to the late Lord Chancellor); I found the garden which I first designed for the Duke of Norfolk, nothing improved.

John Evelyn's Diary 1694 August. 05 Aug 1694. Stormy and unseasonable wet weather this week.

On 05 Aug 1792 Frederick North 2nd Earl Guildford 1732-1792 (60) died. His son George Augustus North 3rd Earl Guildford 1757-1802 (34) succeeded 3rd Earl Guildford 3C 1752, 9th Baron North, 5th Baron Guildford. Maria Frances Hobart Countess Guilford 1762-1794 (30) by marriage Countess Guildford 3C 1752.

On 05 Aug 1799 Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe 1726-1799 (73) died. His daughter Sophia Howe 2nd Baroness Howe -1835 succeeded 2nd Baron Howe. His brother William Howe 5th Viscount Howe 1729-1814 (69) succeeded 5th Viscount Howe. Frances Conolly Viscountess Howe by marriage Viscountess Howe.

1794 John Singleton Copley Painter 1738-1815 (55). Portrait of Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe 1726-1799 (67). He wears an admiral's undress uniform of 1783 to 1787, of a blue jacket with gold braid.

On 05 Aug 1802 Richard Grosvenor 1st Earl Grosvenor 1731-1802 (71) died at Earls Court. Richard Grosvenor 1st Earl Grosvenor 1731-1802 (71) was buried at Grosvenor Vault St Mary's Church Eccleston. His son Robert Grosvenor 1st Marquess Westminster 1767-1845 (35) succeeded 2nd Earl Grosvenor. Eleanor Egerton Marchioness Westminster 1770-1846 (32) by marriage Countess Grosvenor.

On 05 Aug 1819 Henry Paget 2nd Marquess Anglesey 1797-1869 (22) and Eleanora Campbell -1828 were married.

On 05 Aug 1819 William Henry Fitzroy 6th Duke Grafton 1819-1882 was born to Henry Fitzroy 5th Duke Grafton 1790-1863 (29) and Mary Caroline Berkeley Duchess Grafton 1795-1873 (24).

On 05 Aug 1849 Florence Mary Cole Countess Erne 1849-1924 was born to William Willoughby Cole 3rd Earl Enniskillen 1807-1886 (42).

On 05 Aug 1864 Edward William John Manners 1864-1903 was born to John James Robert Manners 7th Duke Rutland 1818-1906 (45) and Janetta Hughan Duchess Rutland.

On 05 Aug 1901 Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (60) died.

Around 1842. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (36). Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (1).

Around 1842. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (36). Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (1).

Around 1865. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (59). Portrait of Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (24).

On 05 Aug 1905 Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish 1905-1944 was born to Victor Christian William Cavendish 9th Duke Devonshire 1868-1938 (37) and Evelyn Emily Mary Petty Fitzmaurice Duchess Devonshire 1870-1960 (34).

On 05 Aug 1906 John James Robert Manners 7th Duke Rutland 1818-1906 (87) died at Belvoir Castle. His son Henry John Brinsley Manners 8th Duke Rutland 1852-1925 (54) succeeded 8th Duke Rutland, 8th Marquess Grandby, 16th Earl Rutland 3C 1525. Violet Lindsay Duchess Rutland 1856-1937 (50) by marriage Duchess Rutland.