On this Day in History ... 08 April

1364 Death of John II King France

1665 Great Plague of London

08 Apr is in April.

On 08 Apr 1250 John Tristan Capet Count Valois 1250-1270 was born to Louis IX King France 1214-1270 (35) and Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295 (29) at Damietta. He a 2 x Great Grand Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England.

On 08 Apr 1269 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (24) and Aveline Forz Countess Lancaster -1274 were married. Aveline Forz Countess Lancaster -1274 by marriage Earl Lancaster. He a Son of Henry III King England and 3 x Great Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France.

On 08 Apr 1320 Peter I King Portugal 1320-1367 was born to Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal 1291-1357 (29) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1293-1359 (27). He a 4 x Great Grand Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England. Coefficient of Inbreeding: 3.61%

On 08 Apr 1350 Charles V King France 1338-1380 (11) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 (12) were married (he was her half first cousin once removed). Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 (12) by marriage Queen Consort France. He a Son of John "The Good" II King France. She a 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Henry III King England. She a Great Grand Daughter of Philip "Bold" III King France.

Death of John II King France

On 01 Jul 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.
On 08 Apr 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 died at Savoy Palace. His son Charles V King France 1338-1380 (25) succeeded V King France: Capet Valois.

On 08 Apr 1401 Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (63) died. His son Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (19) succeeded 13th Earl Warwick 1C 1088. Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 (15) by marriage Earl Warwick 1C 1088.

On 08 Apr 1419 Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 (43) died.

On 08 Apr 1473 (some sources state 1482) Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (49) was created 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 3C 1473 by his half first cousin Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (30). By letters patent he created Dacre Baron Dacre of Gilsland, declaring "that the said Humfrey Dacre, Knight, and the heirs male of the body of the said Thomas, late Lord Dacre, comyng, bee reputed, had, named and called the Lord Dacre of Gillesland". Mabel Parr Baroness Dacre Gilsland -1508 by marriage Baron Dacre Gilsland 3C 1473.

On 08 Apr 1521 Charles 3rd Duke Savoy 1486–1553 (34) and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Savoy 1504-1538 (16) were married. She the daughter of richest monarch in Europe at the time Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal 1469-1521 (51). They had nine children together but only one Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy 1528-1580 would reach adulthood. He a 3 x Great Grand Son of John "The Good" II King France. She a 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III England.

Before 1538. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Beatrice Aviz Duchess Savoy 1504-1538.

On 08 Apr 1548 Henry Daubeney 1st Earl Bridgewater 1493-1548 (54) died.

On 22 Jul 1552 Jane Radclyffe -1552 died in childbirth.
On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (63) died. His grandson Anthony Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 succeeded 2nd Viscount Montague.
On 08 Apr 1608 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (70) died at Battle Abbey. She was buried at Midhurst; subsequently moved to St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst.
Monument to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23), Jane Radclyffe -1552 and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (14) in St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst. The Monument was originally in Midhurst but was subsequently moved. As there was less room, it was re-arranged, with Lord Montague kneeling behind and above the two recumbent effigies of his wives, instead of having a wife on either side, with obelisks at the corners.

In 1559 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574. Portrait of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 wearing a Garter Collar and St George Pendant.

On 08 Apr 1580 William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630 was born to Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1538-1601 (42) and Mary Sidney Countess Pembroke 1561-1621 (18).

Before 1630 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630.Around 1590 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619. Portrait of Mary Sidney Countess Pembroke 1561-1621.

On 08 Apr 1605 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 was born to James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) and Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30) at the Palace of Placentia. Alice Dennis was chosen as midwife for which she received a reward of £100.

Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.In 1621 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst Painter -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.Around 1605 John Critz Painter 1551-1642. Portrait of Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland 1574-1619.

On 08 Apr 1605 Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 was born to Philip III King Spain 1578-1621 (27) and Margaret Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611 (20). Coefficient of Inbreeding: 10.91%

1623. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665.1621 to 1623. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 in Brown and Silver.1644. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665.1656. Diego Velázquez Painter 1599-1660. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665.Around 1628. Gaspar de Crayer Painter 1584-1669. Portrait of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 in armour.Around 1580 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Philip III King Spain 1578-1621.1606. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Philip III King Spain 1578-1621. Around 1617. Andrés López Polanco Painter -1641. Portrait of Philip III King Spain 1578-1621.1606. Juan Pantoja de La Cruz Painter 1553–1608. Portrait of Margaret Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Spain 1584-1611.

On 08 Apr 1641 Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney 1641-1704 was born to Robert Sidney 2nd Earl of Leicester 1595-1677 (45) and Dorothy Percy Countess Leicester 1598-1659 (43) at Paris.

On 08 Apr 1643 William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (56) died at Monks Kikby. His son Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (35) succeeded 2nd Earl Denbigh.

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643.

On 08 Apr 1649 Charles Berkeley 2nd Earl Berkeley 1649-1710 was born to George Berkeley 1st Earl Berkeley 1628-1698 (21) and Elizabeth Massingberd Couness Berkeley -1708.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 February 1660. 17 Feb 1660 to 05 Apr 1660, I was detained in bed with a kind of double tertian, the cruel effects of the spleen and other distempers, in that extremity that my physicians, Drs. Wetherborn, Needham, and Claude, were in great doubt of my recovery; but it pleased God to deliver me out of this affliction, for which I render him hearty thanks: going to church the 8th, and receiving the blessed eucharist.
During this sickness came divers of my relations and friends to visit me, and it retarded my going into the country longer than I intended; however, I wrote and printed a letter in defense of his Majesty (29), against a wicked forged paper, pretended to be sent from Brussels to defame his Majesty's (29) person and virtues and render him odious, now when everybody was in hope and expectation of the General (51) and Parliament recalling him, and establishing the Government on its ancient and right basis. The doing this toward the decline of my sickness, and sitting up long in my bed, had caused a small relapse, out of which it yet pleased God also to free me, so as by the 14th I was able to go into the country, which I did to my sweet and native air at Wotton.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670.Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 08 April 1663. 08 Apr 1663. Up betimes and to my office, and by and by, about 8 o'clock, to the Temple to Commissioner Pett (52) lately come to town and discoursed about the affairs of our office, how ill they go through the corruption and folly of Sir W. Batten (62) and Sir J. Minnes (64).
Thence by water to White Hall, to chappell; where preached Dr Pierce (41), the famous man that preached the sermon so much cried up, before the King (32) against the Papists. His matter was the Devil tempting our Saviour, being carried into the Wilderness by the spirit. And he hath as much of natural eloquence as most men that ever I heard in my life, mixed with so much learning.
After sermon I went up and saw the ceremony of the Bishop of Peterborough's (72) paying homage upon the knee to the King (32), while Sir H. Bennet (45), Secretary, read the King's grant of the Bishopric of Lincoln, to which he is translated. His name is Dr. Lany (72).
Here I also saw the Duke of Monmouth (13), with his Order of the Garter, the first time I ever saw it. I am told that the University of Cambridge did treat him a little while since with all the honour possible, with a comedy at Trinity College, and banquet; and made him Master of Arts there. All which, they say, the King (32) took very well. Dr. Raynbow, Master of Magdalen, being now Vice-Chancellor.
Home by water to dinner, and with my father, wife, and Ashwell, after dinner, by water towards Woolwich, and in our way I bethought myself that we had left our poor little dog that followed us out of doors at the waterside, and God knows whether he be not lost, which did not only strike my wife into a great passion but I must confess myself also; more than was becoming me. We immediately returned, I taking another boat and with my father went to Woolwich, while they went back to find the dog. I took my father on board the King's pleasure boat and down to Woolwich, and walked to Greenwich thence and turning into the park to show my father the steps up the hill, we found my wife, her woman, and dog attending us, which made us all merry again, and so took boats, they to Deptford and so by land to Half-way house, I into the King's yard and overlook them there, and eat and drank with them, and saw a company of seamen play drolly at our pence, and so home by water. I a little at the office, and so home to supper and to bed, after having Ashwell play my father and me a lesson upon her Tryangle.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 09 October 1660. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten with Colonel Birch to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture<SUP>2</SUP>, very well done; and am with child<SUP>1</SUP> till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea. <BR>To Whitehall again, where at Mr. Coventry's chamber I met with Sir W. Pen again, and so with him to Redriffe by water, and from thence walked over the fields to Deptford (the first pleasant walk I have had a great while), and in our way had a great deal of merry discourse, and find him to be a merry fellow and pretty good natured, and sings very bawdy songs. So we came and found our gentlemen and Mr. Prin at the pay. About noon we dined together, and were very merry at table telling of tales. After dinner to the pay of another ship till 10 at night, and so home in our barge, a clear moonshine night, and it was 12 o'clock before we got home, where I found my wife in bed, and part of our chambers hung to-day by the upholster, but not being well done I was fretted, and so in a discontent to bed.<BR>I found Mr. Prin a good, honest, plain man, but in his discourse not very free or pleasant. Among all the tales that passed among us to-day, he told us of one Damford, that, being a black man, did scald his beard with mince-pie, and it came up again all white in that place, and continued to his dying day. Sir W. Pen told us a good jest about some gentlemen blinding of the drawer, and who he catched was to pay the reckoning, and so they got away, and the master of the house coming up to see what his man did, his man got hold of him, thinking it to be one of the gentlemen, and told him that he was to pay the reckoning.<BR>Note 1. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the New English Dictionary, is Bailey in 1725.<BR>Note 2. Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller 1599-1671.Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 wearing his Garter Robes.Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685.Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 08 April 1665. 08 Apr 1665. Up, and all the morning full of business at the office.
At noon dined with Mr. Povy (51), and then to the getting some business looked over of his, and then I to my Chancellor's (56), where to have spoke with the Duke of Albemarle (56), but the King (34) and Council busy, I could not; then to the Old Exchange and there of my new pretty seamstress bought four bands, and so home, where I found my house mighty neat and clean. Then to my office late, till past 12, and so home to bed. The French Embassadors1 are come incognito before their train, which will hereafter be very pompous. It is thought they come to get our King to joyne with the King of France (26) in helping him against Flanders, and they to do the like to us against Holland. We have laine a good while with a good fleete at Harwich. The Dutch not said yet to be out. We, as high as we make our shew, I am sure, are unable to set out another small fleete, if this should be worsted. Wherefore, God send us peace! I cry.
Note 1. The French ambassadors were Henri de Bourbon, Duc de Verneuil, natural son of Henry IV. and brother of Henrietta Maria, and M. de Courtin. B.

Around 1657 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705.Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Thomas Povey Master of Requests 1614-1705.Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.Before 03 Jan 1670  Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670.Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle 1608-1670 in his Garter Robes.Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Great Plague of London

Samuel Pepys' Diary 08 April 1666. 08 Apr 1666. Lord's Day. Up, and was in great trouble how to get a passage to White Hall, it raining, and no coach to be had. So I walked to the Old Swan, and there got a scull. To the Duke of Yorke (32), where we all met to hear the debate between Sir Thomas Allen (33) and Mr. Wayth; the former complaining of the latter's ill usage of him at the late pay of his ship. But a very sorry poor occasion he had for it. The Duke (32) did determine it with great judgement, chiding both, but encouraging Wayth to continue to be a check to all captains in any thing to the King's right. And, indeed, I never did see the Duke (32) do any thing more in order, nor with more judgement than he did pass the verdict in this business.
The Court full this morning of the newes of Tom Cheffin's (66) death, the King's closett-keeper. He was well last night as ever, flaying at tables in the house, and not very ill this morning at six o'clock, yet dead before seven: they think, of an imposthume in his breast. But it looks fearfully among people nowadays, the plague, as we hear, encreasing every where again.
To the Chappell, but could not get in to hear well. But I had the pleasure once in my life to see an Archbishop (70) (this was of Yorke) in a pulpit. Then at a loss how to get home to dinner, having promised to carry Mrs. Hunt thither. At last got my Lord Hinchingbroke's (18) coach, he staying at Court; and so took her up in Axe-yard, and home and dined. And good discourse of the old matters of the Protector and his family, she having a relation to them. The Protector (39)1 lives in France: spends about £500 per annum.
Thence carried her home again and then to Court and walked over to St. James's Chappell, thinking to have heard a Jesuite preach, but come too late. So got a Hackney and home, and there to business. At night had Mercer comb my head and so to supper, sing a psalm, and to bed.
Note 1. Richard Cromwell (39) subsequently returned to England, and resided in strict privacy at Cheshunt for some years before his death in 1712.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.Before 08 Apr 1666 Attributed to Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Thomas Chiffinch Keeper of the King's Closet 1600-1666.In or before 1679. John Hayls Painter 1600-1679. Portrait of Richard Cromwell Lord Protector 1626-1712.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 08 April 1667. 08 Apr 1667. Up, and having dressed myself, to the office a little, and out, expecting to have seen the pretty daughter of the Ship taverne at the hither end of Billiter Lane (whom I never yet have opportunity to speak to). I in there to drink my morning draught of half a pint of Rhenish wine; but a ma doleur elle and their family are going away thence, and a new man come to the house. So I away to the Temple, to my new. bookseller's; and there I did agree for Rycaut's late History of the Turkish Policy, which costs me 55s.; whereas it was sold plain before the late fire for 8s., and bound and coloured as this is for 20s.; for I have bought it finely bound and truly coloured, all the figures, of which there was but six books done so, whereof the King (36) and Duke of York (33), and Duke of Monmouth (17), and Lord Arlington, had four. The fifth was sold, and I have bought the sixth.
So to enquire out Mrs. Knipp's new lodging, but could not, but do hear of her at the Playhouse, where she was practising, and I sent for her out by a porter, and the jade come to me all undressed, so cannot go home to my house to dinner, as I had invited her, which I was not much troubled at, because I think there is a distance between her and Mrs. Pierce, and so our company would not be so pleasant.
So home, and there find all things in good readiness for a good dinner, and here unexpectedly I find little Mis. Tooker, whom my wife loves not from the report of her being already naught; however, I do shew her countenance, and by and by come my guests, Dr. Clerke and his wife, and Mrs. Worshipp, and her daughter; and then Mr. Pierce and his wife, and boy, and Betty; and then I sent for Mercer; so that we had, with my wife and I, twelve at table, and very good and pleasant company, and a most neat and excellent, but dear dinner; but, Lord! to see with what envy they looked upon all my fine plate was pleasant; for I made the best shew I could, to let them understand me and my condition, to take down the pride of Mrs. Clerke, who thinks herself very great. We sat long, and very merry, and all things agreeable; and, after dinner, went out by coaches, thinking to have seen a play, but come too late to both houses, and then they had thoughts of going abroad somewhere; but I thought all the charge ought not to be mine, and therefore I endeavoured to part the company, and so ordered it to set them all down at Mrs. Pierce's; and there my wife and I and Mercer left them in good humour, and we three to the King's house, and saw the latter end of the "Surprisall", a wherein was no great matter, I thought, by what I saw there.
Thence away to Polichinello, and there had three times more sport than at the play, and so home, and there the first night we have been this year in the garden late, we three and our Barker singing very well, and then home to supper, and so broke up, and to bed mightily pleased with this day's pleasure.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 08 April 1685. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Dr. Tenison (48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall. I observ'd that tho' the King (51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Princesse of Denmark (34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Clearke of the Closet (50) standing by His Ma*s chaire, as If he had ben present. I met the Queene Dowager (46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset-house. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow (30) were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's* taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Duke of Norfolk (30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Samuel Pepys' Diary 24 March 1666.Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701.Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes.Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes.Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.Around 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Richard Onslow 1st Baron Onslow 1654-1717.

On 08 Apr 1687 Eleonora Bentinck 1687- was born to William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland 1649-1709 (37) and Anne Villiers Countess Portland 1651-1688 (36).

On 08 Apr 1689 Diana Grey Countess Elgin Countess Ailesbury 1630-1689 (58) died.

Around 1664.Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Diana Grey Countess Elgin Countess Ailesbury 1630-1689.

On 08 Apr 1704 Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney 1641-1704 (63) died.

On 08 Apr 1722 Caroline Fitzroy Countess Harrington 1722-1784 was born to Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (38) and Henrietta Somerset Duchess Grafton 1690-1726 (31). She a Great Grand Daughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland and 3 x Great Grand Daughter of Henry IV King France.

On 08 Apr 1747 Mary Myddleton -1747 died. Monument in St Giles' Church Wrexham sculpted by Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762 (44).

Around 1712. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743. Portrait of Mary Myddleton -1747. Chirk Castle.In 1751 Andrea Soldi Painter 1703-1771. Portrait of Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762.In 1762 Adrien Carpentiers Painter 1713-1778. Portrait of Louis Francois Roubiliac Sculptor 1702-1762.

On 08 Apr 1752 Francis North 1st Earl Guildford 1704-1790 (47) was created 1st Earl Guildford 3C 1752. Catherine Furnese Countess Guilford Countess Rockingham -1776 by marriage Earl Guildford 3C 1752.

In 1736 John Vanderbank Painter 1694-1739. Portrait of Francis North 1st Earl Guildford 1704-1790 in the robes of an Earl.

On 08 Apr 1761 John Savile 2nd Earl Mexborough 1761-1830 was born to John Savile 1st Earl Mexborough 1719-1778 (41) and Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough 1742-1821 (19).

Around 1763 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788. Portrait of John Savile 1st Earl Mexborough 1719-1778 with Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough 1742-1821 and their son John Savile 2nd Earl Mexborough 1761-1830.In 1751. Arthur Pond Painter 1705-1758. Portrait of Rhoda Delaval 1725-1757 and her siblings Francis Blake Delaval 1727-1771, Edward Hussey Delaval 1729-1814, John Delaval 1st Baron Delaval 1728-1808, Anne Hussey Delaval 1743- and Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough 1742-1821.

On 08 Apr 1780 Charles Stanhope 4th Earl Harrington 1780-1851 was born to Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl Harrington 1753-1829 (27) and Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824 (24). He a 3 x Great Grand Son of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland.

In 1768 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788. Portrait of Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824.In 1775 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788. Portrait of Jane Fleming Countess Harrington 1755-1824.

On 08 Apr 1795 George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (32) and Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821 (26) were married at Chapel Royal St James's Palace. He a Son of George III King Great Britain and Ireland.

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 when Prince of Wales.In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.In 1798. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821.1819. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839. Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821.1820. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839. Portrait of Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England 1768-1821.

On 08 Apr 1799 Elizabeth Berekeley Duchess Beaufort 1713-1799 (86) died.

On 08 Apr 1812 John Ashburnham 2nd Earl Ashburham 1724-1812 (87) died. His son George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburham 1760-1830 (51) succeeded 3rd Earl Ashburham. Charlotte Percy Countess Ashburham 1776-1862 (36) by marriage Earl Ashburham.

On 08 Apr 1818 Christian IX King Denmark 1818-1906 was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg 1785-1831 (33) and Louise Caroline Hesse Kassel Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg 1789-1867 (28). He a 2 x Great Grand Son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of Inbreeding: 0.01%

On 08 Apr 1822 Stillborn twins Fitzclarence 1822- was born to William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (56) and Adelaide Saxe Meiningen Queen Consort England (29) at Bushy Park Richmond.

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839. Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837.1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839. Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837.

On 08 Apr 1840 William Stephen Poyntz 1770-1840 (70) died. Monument sculpted by Rafaelle Monti 1818-1881 (22) in 1848 in St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst.

On 08 Apr 1857 Ethel Jemima Ponsonby Baroness Raglan 1857-1940 was born to Walter William Brabazon Ponsonby 7th Earl Bessborough 1821-1906 (35) and Louisa Susan Cornwallis Eliot Countess Bessborough 1825-1911 (31).

On 08 Apr 1899 Aldred Beresford Lumley 10th Earl Scarborough 1857-1945 (41) and Lucy Cecilia Margetts Countess Scarborough -1931 were married at Christ Church. Lucy Cecilia Margetts Countess Scarborough -1931 by marriage Earl Scarborough.

1930. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937. Portrait of Aldred Beresford Lumley 10th Earl Scarborough 1857-1945.