1400 1414 Epiphany Rising and Rebellions Against Henry IV

1399 Epiphany Rising

1400 Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Forfeiture of Earl

1400 Death of Richard II

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1402 Battle of Bryn Glas

1402 Battle of Nesbit Moor

1402 Battle of Homildon Hill

1403 Battle of Shrewsbury

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

1405 Northern Rising

1405 Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk

1406 John II King Castile Succeeds

1407 Murder of Louis of Orleans

1408 Battle of Bramham Moor

1408 Siege of Harlech Castle

1408 Battle of Île de Bréhat

1413 Coronation of Henry V

1413 Death of King Henry IV

1414 Fire and Faggot Parliament

1414 Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

1400 1414 Epiphany Rising and Rebellions Against Henry IV is in 15th Century Events.

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House Westminster Abbey including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47), Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26), Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47), Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39), John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49), Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45). They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, and began to raise an army in London.

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town.
Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (26) was beheaded. His brother Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (16) succeeded 4th Earl Kent 6C 1360, 5th Baron Holland.
John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) was captured, tried and beheaded.
Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was captured.

On 12 Jan 1400 Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (48) was hanged at Oxford by Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (45).

On 13 Jan 1400 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) was beheaded at Bristol.

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle. His son John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntingdon 4C 1388. He (48) was captured by Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex Hereford and Northampton 1347-1419 (53) whose brother Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 John Holland had had executed three years before. She arranged for the children of her dead brother to witness the execution of John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) at Pleshy Castle; her primary seat.

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was tried by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (18) at Tower of London.

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was beheaded at Tyburn.

On 14 Feb 1400 (exact date not known) King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising. His first cousin Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 de jure Heir to the Throne of England.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory.

On 26 Jul 1400 Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick Countess Worcester 1400-1439 was born to Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 and Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (26) some six months after her father had been beheaded during the Epiphany Rising.

Death of Richard II

On 14 Feb 1400 (exact date not known) King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising. His first cousin Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 de jure Heir to the Throne of England.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory.

Parliament Henry IV 2: Jan 1401 Mar 1401

Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Forfeiture of Earl

After 07 Jan 1400. Henry IV's Parliament. Also, be it remembered that whereas Thomas Holland, formerly earl of Kent, John Holland, formerly earl of Huntingdon, John Montague, formerly earl of Salisbury, Thomas, formerly Lord Despenser, and Ralph Lumley, knight, recently rose up in various parts of England and rode in warlike manner, treacherously, against our lord the king, contrary to their allegiance, to destroy our said lord the king and other great men of the realm, and to populate the said realm with people of another tongue, they were seized and beheaded in their armed uprising by the loyal lieges of oursaid lord the king; and for that reason all the lords temporal present in parliament, by the assent of the king, declared and adjudged the said Thomas, John, John, Thomas, and Ralph to be traitors for their armed uprising against their aforesaid liege lord, and that they should forfeit as traitors all the lands and tenements that they held in fee simple on 5 January, the eve of the feast of the Epiphany of our lord Jesus Christ, in the first year of the reign of our aforesaid lord [1400], or after, as the law of the land requires, together with all their goods and chattels, notwithstanding the fact that they were killed during the said armed uprising without due process of law.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:
Henry, prince of Wales.
Edmund, duke of York.
Edward, earl of Rutland.
Thomas, earl of Arundel.
John, earl of Somerset.
Edmund, earl of Stafford.
Henry, earl of Northumberland.
Ralph, earl of Westmorland.
Thomas, earl of Worcester.
Michael, earl of Suffolk.
Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor.
Thomas, Lord Berkeley.
John, Lord Charlton.
Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin.
Thomas, Lord Camoys.
Thomas, Lord Furnivall.
Robert, Lord Scales.
John, Lord Beaumont.
William, Lord Willoughby.
Hugh, Lord Burnell.
William, Lord Ferrers of Groby.
William, Lord Bergavenny.
John, Lord Lovell.
Robert, Lord Harrington.
Richard Lescrope.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

In Mar 1401. Henry IV's (33) Parliament enacted "De heretico comburendo" by which heretics were to be burned at the stake in reation to the Lollard movement.
The request "... the said church would be injured or gravely oppressed or even perturbed by certain perverse doctrines, or wicked, heretical or erroneous opinions; nevertheless, various perfidious and perverse people of a certain new sect, believing damnable things of the said faith, the sacrament of the church, and its authority, rashly usurping the office of preacher, contrary to divine and ecclesiastical law, perversely and maliciously preach and teach these days, publicly and secretly, under simulation of the colour of sanctity, various new doctrines and wicked, heretical and erroneous opinions, contrary to this same faith and the holy decrees of the sacrosanct church ...".
The answer: "and they shall cause these same persons to be publicly burnt in a high place; and may punishment of this sort strike fear into the minds of others.".
On 02 Mar 1401 William Sawtrey was the first heretic to be burned although his burning pre-dated the statute.

Battle of Bryn Glas

On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) at Knighton Radnorshire Welsh March, who was captured, at the Battle of Bryn Glas.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain's (43) daughter.
On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (41) died from wounds.

Battle of Nesbit Moor

On 22 Jun 1402 George Dunbar 10th Earl March 1338-1420 (64) commanded a force of around 200 men from the Berwick garrison who defeated a Scottish army of around 400 men at Nisbet during the Battle of Nesbit Moor. Patrick "Younger" of Hailes Hepburn -1402 (64) was killed. John Cockburn, Thomas Haliburton, John Haliburton and Robert Lawedre -1425 were captured.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) lay in wait at at Homildon Hill for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (44) fought for the English.
John Swinton -1402 was killed.
Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray 1371-1422 (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney 1375-1420 (27) were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd Glyndŵr (43).
William Stewart -1402 was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) having been captured.
John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married (he was her third cousin) at Winchester. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry. He a grandson of King Edward III England and 2 x great grandson of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314. She a 4 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a granddaughter of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield Shrewsbury. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424.
Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 (59) and Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 were killed.
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded 6th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 7th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.
John Rossall -1403 was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall 1377-1432 (26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury estates.

Northern Rising

Around Mar 1405 William Gascoigne Chief Justice 1350-1419 (55) refused to pass sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) who were accused of involvement in the Northern Rising asserting their right to be tried by peers. They were both subsequently executed.

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor Shipton Hambleton North Yorkshire. Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded

On 29 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle.

On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) arrived at York. The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19). William Gascoigne Chief Justice 1350-1419 (55) refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.

On 08 Jun 1405 before a great crowd at York ...
Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (55) was beheaded. Possibly the only execution of an Archbishop that occurred in England.
Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) was beheaded. His brother John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (13) succeeded 5th Earl Norfolk 3C 1312, 3rd Earl Nottingham 2C 1383, 8th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 9th Baron Segrave 2C 1295.

On 20 Jul 1405 John Fauconberg -1405 was beheaded in Durham.

John II King Castile Succeeds

On 25 Dec 1406 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 (27) died. His son John II King Castile 1405-1454 (1) succeeded II King Castile.

Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk

Around May 1405 Richard Grey 4th Baron Grey Codnor 1371-1418 (34) and Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 decisively defeated the Welsh army at the Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk. Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal 1375-1412 (30) was captured. Tudur ap Gruffudd Mathrafal Lord Gwyddelwern 1357-1405 (48) was killed. The Welsh lost around 1500 men with 300 prisoners being beheaded following the battle. The battle marked the beginning of the end of Owain Glyndŵr's (46) revolt

Murder of Louis of Orleans

On 23 Nov 1407 Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans 1372-1407 (35) was murdered on the orders of John "Fearless" Valois Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1371-1419 (36) at Paris. His son Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (12) succeeded Duke Orléans.

Battle of Bramham Moor

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby's force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion.
Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (66) was killed.
Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf 1369-1408 (38) was killed. Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk abeyant between his two daughters Anne Bardolf Baroness Cobham Sternborough 1389-1453 (18) and Joan Bardolf 6th Baroness Bardolf 1390-1447 (17).

Siege of Harlech Castle

In 1408 Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (31) died at Harlech Castle during the Siege of Harlech Castle.

Battle of Île de Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (24) was killed at Île de Bréhat during the Battle of Île de Bréhat. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul Bourne.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.
Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed Lord High Constable.

Fire and Faggot Parliament

In May 1414 the Fire and Faggot Parliament at Greyfriars Priory Leicester. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (35) was appointed Speaker of the House of Commons. It was named for the Suppression of Heresy Act which called for burning the Lollards with bundles of sticks known as faggots.