1461-1464-Edward IV takes the Crown

1461-1464-Edward IV takes the Crown is in 15th Century Events.

Coronation of Edward IV

Around Jun 1461, the time of his coronation, King Edward IV (19) created his two brothers as Dukes ...

George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was created 1st Duke Clarence 3C 1461.

Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) was created 1st Duke Gloucester 3C 1461.

On 27 Jun 1461 Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (11) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 28 Jun 1461 King Edward IV (19) was crowned IV King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop of York 1388-1464 (73) at Westminster Abbey during the Coronation of Edward IV.

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. Ande the Kynge taryd in the Northe a grette whyle, a made grete inquerens of the rebellyens a-gayne hys fadyr. And toke downe hys fadyrs hedde fro the walle of Yorke. And made alle the contray to ben sworne unt hym and to hys lawys. And then he returnyd unto Lundon agayne. And there he made xviij knyghtys and many lordys. And then he rode to Westemyster. And there he was crounyd the xxviij day of June, and the yere of oure Lorde MlCCCC lxj, blessyd be God of hys grete grace, etc.

1461 Creation of Garter Knights by Edward IV

In Apr 1461 King Edward IV (18) appointed new Garter Knights:

George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11), his brother, was appointed 185th.

William Chamberlaine -1462 was appointed 186th.

Edward IV Rewards his Followers

On 26 Jul 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) was created 1st Baron Hastings 2C 1430 for supporting King Edward IV (19) in his claim to the throne.

Robert Ogle 1st Baron Ogle 1406-1469 (55) was created 1st Baron Ogle by his fourth cousin once removed King Edward IV (19) for having been the principal Northumbrian gentleman to support the Yorkist cause. Edward IV Rewards his Followers

On 28 Jul 1461 Robert Stillington Bishop of Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) was appointed Keeper of the Privy Seal.

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

Chronicle of Gregory 1462. And thys same yere the Erle of Oxforde (53), the Lord Abbry, the Lorde of Oxforde ys sone, Syr Thomas Todenham (60) knyght, John Mongomery, and William Terelle (54) squyer, were takyn in Esex, and brought unto Lundon to the Towre. Ande thenne they were ledde to Westemyster to the Kynges palys, and there they were attaynte of hyghe and myghthy treson that they ymagenyd agayne [t]e Kynge. And thenn they were drawe to the Towre from Westemyster. And at the Towre hylle was made a schaffolde for them, and there hyr heddys were smetyn on, and hyr bodys beryd, as hyt plesyd them to be qwethe hyr bodys. See Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV.

On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere -1462 was executed at Tower Hill.

Before 20 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462, his son Aubrey Vere -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 were arrested for treason against King Edward IV. They were subsequently tried by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470.

On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462 (54), John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill.

On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 (53) was hanged at Tower Hill. John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (19) succeeded 13th Earl Oxford 2C 1141.

1462 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1462 King Edward IV (19) appointed new Garter Knights:

John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (34) was appointed 187th.

William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (31) was appointed 188th.

John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (31) was appointed 189th.

William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (39) was appointed 190th.

John Astley 1373-1441 (89) was appointed 191st.

Siege of Alnwick

In Jul 1462 William Douglas 3rd Lord Drumlanrig 1440-1464 (22) fought at Alnwick Castle during the Siege of Alnwick.

Battle of Piltown

Around Jul 1462 the Yorkist army of Thomas Fitzgerald 7th Earl Desmond -1468 defeated the Lancastrian army of John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (40) at Piltown, Kilkenny, County Kilkenny. The Lancastrian army suffered around 1000 killed.

Warwick becomes Kingmaker

Before 09 Dec 1462 Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 died. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some fourteen years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

1463 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1463 King Edward IV (20) appointed new Garter Knights:

Ferdinand I King Naples 1423-1494 (39) was appointed 192nd.

Galeard Durefort 1430-1487 (33) was appointed 193rd.

John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (25) was appointed 194th.

Francesco Sforza I Duke Milan 1401-1466 (61) was appointed 195th.

James Douglas 9th Earl Douglas 3rd Earl Avondale 1426-1488 (37) was appointed 196th.

Robert Harcourt 1410-1470 (52) was appointed 197th.

1463 Siege of Norham Castle

Around Jun 1463 a Scottish and Lancastrian force, including King James III of Scotland 1451-1488 (11), his mother Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland 1434-1463 (29), Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (41) and his wife Margaret of Anjou (33), laid siege to Norham Castle. They held Norham for eighteen days until a force led by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (34) and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (32) advanced to Norham Castle at which time the Scottish and Lancastrian force fled in panic pursued by the Yorkist army. Margaret of Anjou (33) and her son Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales 1453-1471 (9) escaped to Berwick on Tweed and then to the continent. Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (41) remained in Scotland - he and his wife never saw each other again.

1664 Suppressing the Lancastrian Northern Resistance

Chronicle of Gregory 1462. Thys yere Quene Margarete com owt of Frauns with lij schyppys, with Freynysche men and sum Engelysche men in the schyppys. And they londyd in Northe Humberlonde, hyt was vij dayes be-fore Alle Halwyn tyde. And there sche toke the castelle of Anwyke and put hyt fulle of Fraynyschemen. And thenn she retornyd in to Schotlonde by water. And there rosse suche a tempaste uppon hyr that she for soke hyr schippe, and a schapyd with the bote of [t]e schyppe. And the schyppe was drownyd with moche of hyr stuffe and iij grete schippys moo. And iiij c and vj Fraynysche men were take in the chyrche of Hooly Ylond. Thenn Kyng Edward hyrde telle of thys, and made hym redy towarde the Northe with many lordys, gentellys, and comyns with hym. And there he layde a sege to Anwyke Castelle, and to the castelle of Bamborowe, and to Dunsterborowe. Bamborowe and Dunsterborowe was kepte by Syr Raffe Persy and Syr Harry Bewforde, late Duke of Somersett, and the castelle of Anwyke with the Lorde Hungerforde. And Bamborowe and Dunsterborowe were yoldyn be Syr Raffe Percy and Syr Harry Beuford, late Duke of Somersett, to the Kyngys wylle, whythe the condyscyons that the sayde Raffe Percy schulde have the kepynge of the ij castellys, Bamborowe and Dunstarborowe. The sayde Syr Raffe Percy and Syr Harry Beuforde, late Duke of Somersett, were sworne to be trewe and faythefulle as trewe lege men unto owre kynge and soverayne lorde Edwarde the iiijthe. And they com to Derham, and there they were sworne byfore owre kynge. And the kynge gaffe hem hys levery and grete rewardys. See 1664 Suppressing the Lancastrian Northern Resistance.

Battle of Hedgeley Moor

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. Before 25 Apr 1464. The poyntement was that they Schottys and [t]ey shulde mete at Yorke. And thenn was my Lorde of Mountegewe (33) assygnyd to fecche yn the Schottys pesseabylly, for he was Wardon of the Marchys. And then my Lorde of Mountegewe (33) toke hys jornaye towarde the Newe Castelle. And by the waye was fulle falsely i-purvyde that fals Duke Harry of Somersett (28) and Percy (39), with hyr feleschyppe assocyat unto them, that there was layde by the waye, a lytylle from the Newecastel, in a woode, that fals traytoure Syr Umfray Nevyle (25), with iiij schore [Note. 80] sperys, and the bowys there too. And they shulde have falle on the Lorde Mountegeue (33) sodenly, and slayne hym sodenly, but, God be thonkyd, hyr fals treson was aspyde and knowe. And thenne the Lorde Montegewe (33) toke a nothyr waye, and made to be gaderyd a grete feleschippe, and went to the Newecastelle, and soo toke hys jornaye unto Norham warde. Ande in the wey thedyrwarde there met with hym that fals Duke of Somersette (28), Syr Raffe Percy (39), the Lorde Hungerforde (33), and the Lorde Roos (36), whythe alle hyr company, to the nombyr of vM [Note. 5000] men of armys. And thys metynge was a pon Synte Markys day; and that same day was Syr Raffe Percy (39) slayne. And whenn that he was dede alle the party was schomfytyd and put to rebuke. Ande every man avoydyd and toke hys way with fulle sory hertys. And thenn my Lorde of Mountegeue (33) toke hys hors and roode to Norham, and fecchyd yn the Schottys, and brought hem unto the Lordys Commyssyonourys. And there was concludyd a pes [Note. peace] for xv yere with the Schottys. And the Schottys ben trewe hyt moste nedys contynu so longe, but hit ys harde for to tryste unto hem, for they byn evyr founde fulle of gyle and dyssayte.

On 25 Apr 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hedgeley Moor during the Battle of Hedgeley Moor.

Of the Lancastrians ...

Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (36) was killed. Edmund Ros 10th Baron Ros Helmsley 1455-1508 (9) succeeded 10th Baron Ros Helmsley. Thomas' lands however, including Belvoir Castle was given by King Edward IV (21) to William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (33).

Ralph Percy 1425-1464 (39) was killed.

Battle of Hexham

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. 14 May 1464. Ande the xiiij daye of May nexte aftyr, my Lorde of Mountegeue (33) toke hys jornaye toward Hexham from the Newecastelle. And there he toke that fals Duke Harry Beuford of Somersett (28), the Lord Roos (36), the Lorde Hungerforde (33), Syr Pylyppe Wenteworthe (40), Syr Thomas Fyndorne, whythe many o[t]yr; loo, soo manly a man ys thys good Erle Mountegewe, for he sparyd not hyr malysse, nor hyr falssenysse, nor gyle, nor treson, and toke meny of men and slowe many one in that jornaye.

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. 15 May 1464.Battle of Hexham The xv day of May folowynge thys good Lorde Mountegewe (33) let to be smete of the heddys of thes men, the whyche that hyr namys here folowyn in wrytyng: Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28), Edmon Fysche, knyght, Edmon Bradschawe, Water Hunte, Blacke Jakys.

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham during the Battle of Hexham.

Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (36).

Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle. Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (25) succeeded 4th Duke Somerset 2C 1448. He Edmund is frequently referred as the 4th Duke. His father's (58) Dukedom was, however, a new creation.

Philip Wentworth 1424-1464 (40) was executed at Middleham.

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. 17 May 1464.Battle of Hexham At the Newecastelle, the xvij day of May, he let to be smete of the heddys, as the namys of hem done appere here aftyr in wrytynge: Fyrste, the hedde of the Lorde Hungerforde (33), the Lorde Roos (36), Syr Thomas Fyndorne, Barnarde de la Mare, Nycholas Massam.

On 18 May 1464 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (33) was executed at Newcastle upon Tyne having been captured at the Battle of Hexham. He was buried at the Hungerford Chapel at Salisbury Cathedral. His daughter Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings 4th Baroness Hungerford 5th Baroness Botreaux 2nd Baroness Moleyns 1466-1553 became the ward of William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (33) whose son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings Baron Botreaux 1466-1506 she subsequently married.

On 26 May 1464 William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (49) was beheaded at Sandhills Newcastle upon Tyne having been captured at the Battle of Hexham. He was buried at Greyfriar's Church Newcastle upon Tyne. Robert Tailboys 8th Baron Kyme 1450-1495 (14) de jure 8th Baron Kyme. Elizabeth Heron Baroness Kyme 1453-1495 (11) by marriage Baroness Kyme.

On 27 May 1464 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) was created 1st Earl of Northumberland 3C 1464 as a reward for successfully suppressing the Lancastrian resistance in the North. The Ealdom of Northumberland traditionally held by the Percy family with whom the Neville family had been feuding for generations.

On 17 Jan 1469 Warwick's supporters were executed in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of King Edward IV (26):

Thomas Hungerford -1469 was beheaded. His father Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (38) had been executed five years previously after the Battle of Hexham.

Henry Courtenay -1469 was beheaded.

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. 01 May 1464. That same yere, the fyrste day of May be fore sayde or wrete, oure soverayne lorde the Kynge, Edwarde the iiij (22), was weddyd to the Lorde Ryvers (59) doughter; hyr name ys Dame Elyzabethe (27), that was wyffe unto Syr John Grey (32), sone and heyre unto the Lady Ferys of Groby (45). And thys maryage was kepte fulle secretely longe and many a day, that no man knewe hyt; but men mervelyd that oure soverayne lorde was so longe with owte any wyffe, and were evyr ferde that he had be not chaste of hys levynge.

On 01 May 1464 King Edward IV (22) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27) were married at Grafton RegisJacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (49), Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness.

1464 Suppressing the Northumbrian Resistance

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. Around Jul 1464. Alle so the same somer my Lorde of Warwycke (35) and hys brether the Lorde Mountegewe (33), that was made Erle of Northehumberlond by the kynge, they ij layde a sege unto the castelle of Anwyke a gate hyt by a-poyntement. And in the same wyse and forme they gate the castelle of Dunsterborowe by the same mene. And thenne they layd sege to the castelle of Bamborowe, and layde grete ordynans and gonnys [Note. guns] there too. And manly they gate hyt by fors, and toke there yn that fals traytur Syr Raffe Gray (32), and brought hym unto the kynge to the castelle of Pomfrete. And fro thens he was ladde to Dankester, and there hys hedde was smete of and sent to London, and hyt was sette a-pon Londyn Bryge.

Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council

In Sep 1464 King Edward IV (22) announced his recent marriage at Privy Council to the astonishment of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (35) who had until recently been actively seeking a French Princess as Edward's future wife. Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. 01 Nov 1664. But on Alle Halowe day at Redyng there it was knowe, for there the kynge kepte hys comyn counselle, and the lordys mevyd hym and exortyd hym in Goddys name to ben weddyd and to lyffe undyr the lawe of God and Chyrche, and they wold sente in too sum stronge lond to inquere a quene good of byrthe, a-cordyng unto hys dygnyte. And thenn our soverayne myght not no longer hyde hys maryage, and tolde hem howe he hadde done, and made that the maryage shuld be oppynde unto hys lordys.