Twenty Trees

email@twentytrees.co.uk

Executions

Beheaded

Burned at the stake

Treason Act

In 1351 the Treason Act defined Treason for the first time: High Treason and Petty Treason, and the associated penalties. Hanging, drawing an quartering for men, burning for women.

Execution of Joan of Arc

On 30 May 1431 Joan Arc 1412-1431 (19) was burned at the stake witnessed by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (56) at Old Market Place, Rouen.

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452 (41), wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester (50), brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (19), was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessd to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne "The Witch of Eye" 1415-1441 (26). Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London.
Margery Jourdemayne "The Witch of Eye" 1415-1441 (26) was burned at the stake.
Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.

In 1528 Patrick Hamilton -1528 was burned at the stake.

Bigod's Rebellion

On 25 May 1537 Margaret Stafford 1511-1537 (26) was burned at the stake at Smithfield.

On 16 Oct 1555 Hugh Latimer Bishop of Worcester 1487-1555 (68) was burned at the stake.

Drowned in a butt of wine

In 534 Muirchertach mac Muiredaig High King of Ireland -534 was drowned in a butt of wine. The Annals of Ulster report ... The drowning of Muirchertach mac Muiredaig High King of Ireland -534 in a vat full of wine on the hilltop of Cleitech above Bóinn ie at Newgrange Passage Tomb.

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was drowned in a butt of wine; Malmsey wine in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London This story may be an invention. William Hussey 1443-1495 (35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason. The only other person known to have been executed, or ritually killed, by drowning in a butt of wine is Muirchertach mac Muiredaig High King of Ireland -534 (as reported by the Annals of Ulster) in his case at Newgrange Passage Tomb.

Executed

Guillotined

Execution of Louis XVI

On 21 Jan 1793 Louis XVI King France 1754-1793 (38) was guillotined in Paris.

Around Oct 1921. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937 (52). Portrait of Mercedes Santamarina Gastañaga 1896-1972 (25). Painted in Paris.

On 13 Apr 1794 Arthur Dillon 1750-1794 (43) guillotined.

Hanged

Hanged drawn and quartered

On 03 Oct 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince Wales 1238-1283 (45) was hanged drawn and quartered at Shrewsbury. The first prominent person known to have suffered being hanged, drawn and quartered. Dafydd (45) was dragged through the streets of Shrewsbury attached to a horse's tail, then hanged alive, revived, then disembowelled and his entrails burned before him for "his sacrilege in committing his crimes in the week of Christ's passion", and then his body cut into four-quarters "for plotting the king's death". Geoffrey of Shrewsbury was paid 20 shillings for carrying out the act.

On 28 Feb 1347 John Graham Earl Menteith -1347 was hanged drawn and quartered by direct orders of King Edward I to whom he had previously sworn fealty.

Treason Act

In 1351 the Treason Act defined Treason for the first time: High Treason and Petty Treason, and the associated penalties. Hanging, drawing an quartering for men, burning for women.

Peasant's Revolt

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 was hanged drawn and quartered in St Albans in the presence of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14).

Bigod's Rebellion

On 07 May 1537 Thomas Moigne 1510-1537 (27) was hanged drawn and quartered at Lincoln.

Gunpowder Plot

On 30 Jan 1606 at Old St Paul's Cathedral Churchyard Everard Digby 1578-1606 (28) and Robert Wintour 1568-1606 were hanged drawn and quartered.

On 31 Jan 1606 at Old St Paul's Cathedral ChurchyardThomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35) and Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 were hanged drawn and quartered.

On 07 Apr 1606 Humphrey Lyttelton 1562-1606 (44) was hanged drawn and quartered at Red Hill Worcester for his involvement in the Gunpowder Plot.

1641 Irish Rebellion

In 1645 Connor Maguire 2nd Baron of Enniskillen 1616-1645 (29) was hanged drawn and quartered at Tyburn.

Trial and Execution of the Regicides

On 15 Oct 1660 John Carew Regicide 1622-1660 (38) was hanged drawn and quartered at Charing Cross..

On 16 Oct 1660 Hugh Peter Regicide 1598-1660 (62) and Hugh Cook Regicide 1608-1660 were hanged drawn and quartered at Charing Cross..

On 17 Oct 1660 Gregory Clement Regicide 1594-1660 (66), Adrian Scrope Regicide 1601-1660, John Jones Regicide 1597-1660 and Thomas Scot Regicide -1660 were hanged drawn and quartered at Charing Cross..

On 19 Oct 1660 at Tyburn ...
Daniel Axtell Regicide 1622-1660 (38) was hanged drawn and quartered. His head was set on Westminster Hall.
Francis Hacker Regicide -1660 was hanged. His body was returned to his friends for burial.

Popish Plot

On 03 Dec 1678 Edward Colman Courtier 1636-1678 (42) was hanged drawn and quartered on a charge of treason having been implicated by Titus Oates 1649-1705 (29).

Rye House Plot

On 20 Jun 1684 Thomas Armstrong 1633-1684 (51) was dragged by hurdle to Tower Hill where he was hanged drawn and quartered for his involvement in the Rye House Plot.

Argyll's Rising

On 30 Oct 1685 John Ayloffe 1645-1685 (40) was hanged drawn and quartered at Temple Bar for his part in the Argyll's Rising.

1715 Battle of Preston

The 1715 Battle of Preston was the final action of the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion. It commenced on 09 Nov 1715 when Jacobite cavalry entered Preston. Royalist troops arrived in number over the next few days surrounding Preston forcing the Jaocbite surrender. 1463 were taken prisoner of which 463 were English. The Scottish prisoners included:.
George Seton 5th Earl of Winton 1678-1749. The only prisoner to plead not guilty, sentenced to death, escaped from the Tower of London on 04 Aug 1716 around nine in the evening. Travelled to France then to Rome.
On 24 Feb 1716 William Gordon 6th Viscount Kenmure 1672-1716 was beheaded on Tower Hill.
William Maxwell 5th Earl Nithsale 1676-1744. On 09 Feb 1716 he was sentenced to be executed on 24 Feb 1716. The night before his wife (35) effected his escape from the Tower of London by exchanging his clothes with those of her maid. They travelled to Paris then to Rome where the court of James "Old Pretender" Stewart 1688-1766 (26) was.
James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater 1689-1716 (25) was imprisoned in the Tower of London. He was examined by the Privy Council on 10 Jan 1716 and impeached on 19 Jan 1716. He pleaded guilty in the expectation of clemency. He was attainted and condemned to death. Attempts were made to procure his pardon. His wife Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater 1692-1723 (23), her sister Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave 1695-1719 (20) [Note. Assumed to be her sister Mary], their aunt Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond 1671-1722 (44), Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 appealed to George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (54) in person without success. On 24 Feb 1716 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater 1689-1716 (25) was beheaded on Tower Hill.
William Murray 2nd Lord Nairne 1665-1726 was tried on 09 Feb 1716 for treason, found guilty, attainted, and condemned to death. He survived long enough to benefit from the Indemnity Act of 1717.
On 14 May 1716 Henry Oxburgh -1716 was hanged drawn and quartered at Tyburn. He was buried at Church of St Gile's in the Fields. His head was spiked on Temple Bar.
The trials and sentences were overseen by the Lord High Steward William Cowper 1st Earl Cowper 1665-1723 (50) for which he subsequently received his Earldom.

Shot by Firing Squad

On 12 Oct 1915 Edith Cavell Nurse 1865-1915 (49) was shot by firing squad for having helped two-hundred allied soldiers escape from German-occupied Belgium during the First World War.

Stoned to death

In 34 Saint Stephen 5-34 (29) was stoned to death.

Strangled

On 26 Jul 1518 Edward Hungerford -1522 was strangled by his wife Agnes Cotell 1485-1523 (33) at Farleigh_Hungerford_Castle_Farleigh_Hungerford__Somerset{Farleigh Hungreford Castle} with the aid of William Mathewe and William Inges, yeomen of Heytesbury.