Biography of James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1460 Battle of Northampton

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1461 Battle of Mortimer's Cross

1461 Battle of Towton

On 07 Sep 1405 [his grandfather] James Butler 3rd Earl Ormonde 1359-1405 (46) died. His son James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde 1393-1452 (12) succeeded 4th Earl Ormonde 1C 1328.

In 1413 [his father] James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde 1393-1452 (19) and Joan Beauchamp Countess Ormonde were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Countess Ormonde.

On 24 Nov 1420 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 was born to [his father] James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde 1393-1452 (27) and Joan Beauchamp Countess Ormonde at Kilkenny, County Kilkenny.

On 18 Jul 1432 [his father] James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde 1393-1452 (39) and Joan or Elizabeth Fitzgerald Countess Ormonde -1452 were married. They were half second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She by marriage Countess Ormonde.

Before 1445 John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 and [his sister] Elizabeth Butler Countess Shrewsbury Countess Waterford 1424-1473 were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1445 [his brother] Thomas Butler 7th Earl Ormonde 1426-1515 (19) and Anne Hankford Countess Ormonde 1431-1485 (14) were married. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

In 1449 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (28) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire 3C 1449.

In 1451 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (30) was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland.

On 23 Aug 1452 [his father] James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde 1393-1452 (59) died at Dublin. He was buried at St Mary's Abbey, Dublin. His son James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (31) succeeded 5th Earl Ormonde 1C 1328.

In 1454 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (33) was appointed Lord High Treasurer.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (26), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).

The Lancastrians ...

Edmund Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His son [his future brother-in-law] Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Somerset 2C 1448. Note his father is frequently incorrectly referred to as the second Duke and Henry as the third Duke. His father's Dukedom, however, was a new creation.

Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 6th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 14th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1434-1493 (21) by marriage Baroness Clifford.

William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed.

Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.

King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.

[his future brother-in-law] Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

Richard Cotton of Hampstall Ridware 1404-1455 (51) and his son William Cotton of Connington in Huntingdonshire 1428-1455 (27) were killed.

Read More ...

Before 03 Jun 1457 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 and [his wife] Avice Stafford Countess Ormonde 1423-1457 were married. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. [his wife] She by marriage Countess Ormonde.

On 03 Jun 1457 [his wife] Avice Stafford Countess Ormonde 1423-1457 (33) died.

Around Apr 1458 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (37) and [his wife] Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde 1432-1501 (26) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. [his wife] She by marriage Countess Ormonde.

In 1459 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (38) was appointed 177th Knight of the Garter by King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (37).

1460 Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future King Edward IV (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31), George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.

King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.

Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444, 7th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 8th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed. His son [his nephew] John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall 1C 1295, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere 1C 1309, 9th Baron Talbot 1C 1331.

Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) was killed.

John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) was killed. His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) succeeded 2nd Viscount Beaumont, 7th Baron Beaumont.

William Lucy Sheriff 1404-1460 (56) was killed apparently by a member of the Stafford family who wanted his wife Margaret Fitzlewis 1439-1466 (21).

Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought.

William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted.

Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

Read More ...

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), [his brother-in-law] Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (24) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne XIII 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).

The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.

Richard 3rd Duke York (49) was killed. His son King Edward IV (18) succeeded 4th Duke York 1C 1385, 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (30), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60), William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.

Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.

Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed.

Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed on Wakefield Bridge by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

Read More ...

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. 02 Feb 1461. Alle so Edwarde Erle of Marche (18), the Duke of Yorke (49) ys sone and heyre, hadde a gre jornaye at Mortymer ys Crosse in Walys the secunde day of Februar nexte soo folowynge, and there he put to flyght the Erle of Penbroke (29), the Erle of Wylteschyre (40). And there he toke and slowe of knyghtys and squyers, and of the,a to the nomber of iij M1 [3000] ., &c.

a. So in MS.

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Mortimer's Cross Wigmore the future King Edward IV (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley of Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (35), John Savage 1444-1492 (17) and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51).

In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51)) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) and Henry Roos -1504. Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 (68) was killed. Watkin Vaughan 1395-1469 (66) and Henry Wogan 1402-1469 (59) were killed.

Monument to the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Mortimer's Cross Wigmore. Note the mistake - Edward IV described as Edward Mortimer. The monument was erected by subscription in 1799.

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for King Edward IV (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.

The Yorkist army was commanded by King Edward IV (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).

The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley 1410-1461 (50), John Bigod 1433-1461 (28), Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71), Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49), Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51), John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33), Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton 1436-1461 (25) and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed.

Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.

Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507 (20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns 1431-1464 (30), [his nephew] John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.

On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York. His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded 15th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay. Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440-1484 (21) by marriage Countess Devon 2C Courtenay.

John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45), Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86), Andrew Trollope -1461 and his son David Trollope -1461 were killed.

Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed.

Read More ...

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. 03 Apr 1461. The Erle of Devynschyre (29) was seke, and myght not voyde a waye, and was take and be heddyd. And the Erle of Wylte schyre (40) was take and brought unto Newe Castell to the Kynge. And there hys hedde was smete of, and send unto London to be sette uppon London Brygge. And Docter Morton (41), the Prynces chaunceler, was take with hym and put in the Towre, but he schapyd a way longe tyme aftyr, and ys by yonde the see with the Quene, &c.

Battle of Towton

On 01 May 1461 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) was beheaded at Newcastle upon Tyne having been captured at, or after, the Battle of Towton. His brother [his brother] John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) succeeded 6th Earl Ormonde 1C 1328.

In 1465 Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe 1435-1510 (30) and [his wife] Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde 1432-1501 (33) were married. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 16 Aug 1501 [his wife] Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde 1432-1501 (69) died.