John Evelyn's Diary 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 1700 is in John Evelyn's Diary 1700s.

John Evelyn's Diary January 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 14 January 1700

14 Jan 1700. Dr. Lancaster, Vicar of St. Martin's, dismissed Mr. Stringfellow, who had been made the first preacher at our chapel by the Bishop of Lincoln (63), while he held St. Martin's by dispensation, and put in one Mr. Sandys, much against the inclination of those who frequented the chapel. The Scotch book about Darien was burned by the hangman by vote of Parliament.

John Evelyn's Diary 21 January 1700

21 Jan 1700. Died the Duke of Beaufort (71), a person of great honor, prudence, and estate.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 January 1700

25 Jan 1700. I went to Wotton, the first time after my brother's (82) funeral, to furnish the house with necessaries, Lady Wych and my nephew Glanville, the executors having sold and disposed of what goods were there of my brother's. The weather was now altering into sharp and hard frost.
One Stephens, who preached before the House of Commons on King Charles's Martyrdom, told them that the observation of that day was not intended out of any detestation of his murder, but to be a lesson to other Kings and Rulers, how they ought to behave themselves toward their subjects, lest they should come to the same end. This was so resented that, though it was usual to desire these anniversary sermons to be printed, they refused thanks to him, and ordered that in future no one should preach before them, who was not either a Dean or a Doctor of Divinity.

John Evelyn's Diary February 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 04 February 1700

04 Feb 1700. The Parliament voted against the Scots settling in Darien as being prejudicial to our trade with Spain. They also voted that the exorbitant number of attorneys be lessened (now indeed swarming, and evidently causing lawsuits and disturbance, eating out the estates of the people, provoking them to go to law).

John Evelyn's Diary 18 February 1700

18 Feb 1700. Mild and calm season, with gentle frost, and little mizzling rain. The Vicar of St. Martin's frequently preached at Trinity chapel in the afternoon.

John Evelyn's Diary March 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 08 March 1700

08 Mar 1700. The season was like April for warmth and mildness. 11th. On Wednesday, was a sermon at our chapel, to be continued during Lent.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 March 1700

13 Mar 1700. I was at the funeral of my Lady Temple, who was buried at Islington, brought from Addiscombe, near Croydon. She left my son-in-law Draper (her nephew) the mansion house of Addiscombe, very nobly and completely furnished, with the estate about it, with plate and jewels, to the value in all of about £20,000. She was a very prudent lady, gave many great legacies, with £500 to the poor of Islington, where her husband, Sir Purbeck Temple (76), was buried, both dying without issue.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 March 1700

24 Mar 1700. The season warm, gentle, and exceedingly pleasant. Divers persons of quality entered into the Society for Reformation of Manners; and some lectures were set up, particularly in the city of London. The most eminent of the clergy preached at Bow Church, after reading a declaration set forth by the King (69) to suppress the growing wickedness; this began already to take some effect as to common swearing, and oaths in the mouths of people of all ranks.

John Evelyn's Diary 25 March 1700

25 Mar 1700. Dr. Burnet (56) preached to-day before the Lord Mayor and a very great congregation, on Proverbs xxvii. 5, 6, "Open rebuke is better than secret love; the wounds of a friend are better than the kisses of an enemy". He made a very pathetic discourse concerning the necessity and advantage of friendly correction.

John Evelyn's Diary April 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 01 April 1700

01 Apr 1700. The Duke of Norfolk (45) now succeeded in obtaining a divorce from his wife (41) by the Parliament for adultery with Sir John Germaine (49), a Dutch gamester, of mean extraction, who had got much by gaming; the Duke (45) had leave to marry again, so that if he should have children, the Dukedom will go from the late Lord Thomas's children, Papists indeed, but very hopeful and virtuous gentlemen, as was their father. The now Duke (45) their uncle is a Protestant.
The Parliament nominated fourteen persons to go into Ireland as commissioners to dispose of the forfeited estates there, toward payment of the debts incurred by the late war, but which the King (49) had in great measure given to some of his favorites of both sexes, Dutch and others of little merit, and very unseasonably. That this might be done without suspicion of interest in the Parliament, it was ordered that no member of either House should be in the commission. The great contest between the Lords and Commons concerning the Lords' power of amendments and rejecting bills tacked to the money bill, carried for the Commons. However, this tacking of bills is a novel practice, suffered by King Charles II, who, being continually in want of money, let anything pass rather than not have wherewith to feed his extravagance. This was carried but by one voice in the Lords, all the Bishops following the Court, save one; so that near sixty bills passed, to the great triumph of the Commons and Country party, but high regret of the Court, and those to whom the King (69) had given large estates in Ireland. Pity it is, that things should be brought to this extremity, the government of this nation being so equally poised between King and subject; but we are satisfied with nothing; and, while there is no perfection on this side heaven, methinks both might be contented without straining things too far. Among the rest, there passed a law as to Papists' estates, that if one turned not Protestant before eighteen years of age, it should pass to his next Protestant heir. This indeed seemed a hard law, but not only the usage of the French King to his Protestant subjects, but the indiscreet insolence of the Papists here, going in triumphant and public processions with their Bishops, with banners and trumpets in divers places (as is said) in the northern counties, has brought it on their party.

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John Evelyn's Diary 24 April 1700

24 Apr 1700. This week there was a great change of State officers. The Duke of Shrewsbury (39) resigned his Lord Chamberlainship to the Earl of Jersey (44), the Duke's indisposition requiring his retreat. Mr. Vernon (54), Secretary of State, was put out. The Seal was taken from the Lord Chancellor Somers (49), though he had been acquitted by a great majority of votes for what was charged against him in the House of Commons. This being in term time, put some stop to business, many eminent lawyers refusing to accept the office, considering the uncertainty of things in this fluctuating conjuncture. It is certain that this Chancellor was a most excellent lawyer, very learned in all polite literature, a superior pen, master of a handsome style, and of easy conversation; but he is said to make too much haste to be rich, as his predecessor, and most in place in this age did, to a more prodigious excess than was ever known. But the Commons had now so mortified the Court party, and property and liberty were so much invaded in all the neighboring kingdoms, that their jealousy made them cautious, and every day strengthened the law which protected the people from tyranny.
A most glorious spring, with hope of abundance of fruit of all kinds, and a propitious year.

John Evelyn's Diary May 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 10 May 1700

10 May 1700. The great trial between Sir Walter Clarges (46) and Mr. Sherwin concerning the legitimacy of the late Duke of Albemarle, on which depended an estate of £1,500 a year; the verdict was given for Sir Walter (46), 19th. Serjeant Wright (46) at last accepted the Great Seal.

John Evelyn's Diary 24 May 1700

24 May 1700. I went from Dover street to Wotton, for the rest of the summer, and removed thither the rest of my goods from Sayes Court.

John Evelyn's Diary June 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 02 June 1700

02 Jun 1700. A sweet season, with a mixture of refreshing showers.

John Evelyn's Diary 09 June 1700

09 Jun 1700 to 16 Jun 1700. In the afternoon, our clergy man had a catechism, which was continued for some time.

John Evelyn's Diary July 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 01 July 1700

01 Jul 1700. I was visited with illness, but it pleased God that I recovered, for which praise be ascribed to him by me, and that he has again so graciously advertised me of my duty to prepare for my latter end, which at my great age, cannot be far off.
The Duke of Gloucester (10), son of the Princess Anne of Denmark (35), died of the smallpox.

John Evelyn's Diary 13 July 1700

13 Jul 1700. I went to Harden, which was originally a barren warren bought by Sir Robert Clayton (71), who built there a pretty house, and made such alteration by planting not only an infinite store of the best fruit; but so changed the natural situation of the hill, valleys, and solitary mountains about it, that it rather represented some foreign country, which would produce spontaneously pines, firs, cypress, yew, holly, and juniper; they were come to their perfect growth, with walks, mazes, etc., among them, and were preserved with the utmost care, so that I who had seen it some years before in its naked and barren condition, was in admiration of it. The land was bought of Sir John Evelyn, of Godstone (67), and was thus improved for pleasure and retirement by the vast charge and industry of this opulent citizen. He and his lady received us with great civility. The tombs in the church at Croydon of Archbishops Grindal, Whitgift, and other Archbishops, are fine and venerable; but none comparable to that of the late Archbishop Sheldon, which, being all of white marble, and of a stately ordinance and carvings, far surpassed the rest, and I judge could not cost less than £700 or £800.

John Evelyn's Diary September 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 20 September 1700

20 Sep 1700. I went to Beddington, the ancient seat of the Carews, in my remembrance a noble old structure, capacious, and in form of the buildings of the age of Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth, and proper for the old English hospitality, but now decaying with the house itself, heretofore adorned with ample gardens, and the first orange trees that had been seen in England, planted in the open ground, and secured in winter only by a tabernacle of boards and stoves removable in summer, that, standing 120 years, large and goodly trees, and laden with fruit, were now in decay, as well as the grotto, fountains, cabinets, and other curiosities in the house and abroad, it being now fallen to a child under age, and only kept by a servant or two from utter dilapidation. The estate and park about it also in decay.

John Evelyn's Diary 23 September 1700

23 Sep 1700. I went to visit Mr. Pepys (67) at Clapham, where he has a very noble and wonderfully well-furnished house, especially with Indian and Chinese curiosities. The offices and gardens well accommodated for pleasure and retirement.

John Evelyn's Diary October 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 31 October 1700

31 Oct 1700. My birthday now completed the 80th year of my age. I with my soul render thanks to God, who, of his infinite mercy, not only brought me out of many troubles, but this year restored me to health, after an ague and other infirmities of so great an age; my sight, hearing, and other senses and faculties tolerable, which I implore him to continue, with the pardon of my sins past, and grace to acknowledge by my improvement of his goodness the ensuing year, if it be his pleasure to protract my life, that I may be the better prepared for my last day, through the infinite merits of my blessed Savior, the Lord Jesus, Amen!

John Evelyn's Diary November 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 05 November 1700

05 Nov 1700. Came the news of my dear grandson (18) (the only male of my family now remaining) being fallen ill of the smallpox at Oxford, which after the dire effects of it in my family exceedingly afflicted me; but so it pleased my most merciful God that being let blood at his first complaint, and by the extraordinary care of Dr. Mander (Head of the college and now Vice Chancellor), who caused him to be brought and lodged in his own bed and bedchamber, with the advice of his physician and care of his tutor, there were all fair hopes of his recovery, to our infinite comfort. We had a letter every day either from the Vice Chancellor himself, or his tutor.

John Evelyn's Diary 17 November 1700

17 Nov 1700. Assurance of his recovery by a letter from himself.
There was a change of great officers at Court. Lord Godolphin (22) returned to his former station of first Commissioner of the Treasury; Sir Charles Hedges (50), Secretary of State.

John Evelyn's Diary 30 November 1700

30 Nov 1700. At the Royal Society, Lord Somers (49), the late Chancellor, was continued President.

John Evelyn's Diary December 1700

John Evelyn's Diary 08 December 1700

08 Dec 1700. Great alterations of officers at Court, and elsewhere, — Lord Chief Justice Treby (57) died; he was a learned man in his profession, of which we have now few, never fewer; the Chancery requiring so little skill in deep law-learning, if the practicer can talk eloquently in that Court; so that probably few care to study the law to any purpose. Lord Marlborough (50) Master of the Ordnance, in place of Lord Romney (59) made Groom of the Stole. The Earl of Rochester (58) goes Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.