History of Denbighshire

Denbighshire is in North East Wales.

Chirk, Denbighshire

St Mary's Church Chirk, Denbighshire

On 29 Apr 1716 Richard Myddleton 3rd Baronet Myddleton 1655-1716 (61) died and was buried at St Mary's Church Chirk. His funeral cost £365.

Denbigh, Denbighshire

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: On behalf of the earl of Salisbury. 26. William Montague, earl of Salisbury, submitted a petition in parliament, the tenor of which follows:
To our lord the king his liege William Montague, earl of Salisbury, prays: whereas the most noble King Edward [III], your grandfather, by his letters patent gave and granted to William Montague, earl of Salisbury and father of the said supplicant, whose heir he is, and to the heirs issuing from his body, with the clause of warranty of the said very noble King Edward [III] and his heirs, the castle, town and honour of Denbigh, and the cantreds of Rhos, Rhufiniog, and Cymeirch and the commote of Dinmael with their appurtenances in Wales, as plainly appears from the said letters patent: which castle, town, and honour, cantreds and commote, with their appurtenances, Roger Mortimer, late earl of March, by the name of the land of Denbigh, in Trinity term, in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of the said most noble King Edward [III] [18 June 1354-9 July 1354], before William Shareshull and his fellow justices assigned to hold the pleas before the said very noble King Edward [III], against the aforesaid supplicant, by erroneous judgment, recovered by a writ of scire facias, founded on a judgment given in the parliament held at Westminster on the Monday after the feast of St Mark the Evangelist in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of the said very noble King Edward [III], for the aforesaid Roger, on a petition showed by him to the said very noble King Edward [III] then, in the name of Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, son and heir of Edmund Mortimer, son and heir of Roger Mortimer; in which record and judgment on the said writ of scire facias there are patent errors.
May it please you of your gracious lordship to cause the full record to be brought before you, with all attachments to the same concerning the said writ of scire facias, in the present parliament, that they may be inspected and examined for error, and to forewarn Roger Mortimer, earl of March, cousin and heir of the aforesaid Roger son of Edmund, and others who are to be forewarned in the matter, to be before you at the next parliament to hear the said errors; and if they know of anything to say wherefor the aforesaid judgment on the said writ of scire facias should not be reversed, and the aforesaid supplicant restored to his said possession with the issues and profits in the meantime since the said loss, and also to do right and justice to the parties in the aforesaid manner. Whereupon, the said petition having been read before the king and lords of parliament, the king ordered Sir Walter Clopton, his chief justice, to bring before the king and lords in parliament the record of which the said petition made mention above. Which record, on the king's command, was later brought to parliament before the king and lords, and there it was read in part, and certain errors therein were pointed out and alleged by the said earl of Salisbury. Whereupon the king, by the assent and advice of the lords of parliament, the justices of the king there present, granted and ordered that the said earl have a writ of scire facias on the matter of the said petition, returnable at the next parliament, as the same petition mentions.

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Denbigh Castle, Denbighshire

On 25 Dec 1281 Alice Lacy Countess Leicester Countess Lancaster 5th Countess Salisbury 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 was born to Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (30) and Margaret Longespée 4th Countess Salisbury Countess Lincoln -1310 at Denbigh Castle. She a great x 3 granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

In 1454 Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (21) was appointed Constable Denbigh Castle.

Around 1545 Richard Middleton 1545-1587 was born to Richard Myddelton Governor of Denbigh Castle 1509-1578 (36) at Denbigh Castle.

Chronicle of Gregory 1460. And that same nyght the kynge remevyde unto London a-gayne hys wylle, to the byschoppe ys palys of London, and the Duke of Yorke com unto hym that same nyght by the torchelyght and toke a-pon hym as kyng, and sayde in many placys that thys ys owrys by very ryght. Ande thenn the quene hyrynge thys she voydyde unto Walys, but she was met with be-syde the Castelle of Malepas, and a servand of hyr owne that she hadde made bothe yeman and gentylman, and aftyr a-poyntyd for to be in offysce with hyr sone the prynce, spoylyde hyr and robbyde hyr, and put hyr soo in dowt of hyr lyffe and sonys lyffe also. And thenn she com to the Castelle of Hardelowe [Probably Denbigh Castle, Possibly Hawarden] in Walys, and she hadde many grete gyftys and gretely comfortyd, for she hadde nede there of, for she hadde a fulle esy many a-boute hyr, the nombyr of iiij personnys. And moste comynly she rode by-hynde a yonge poore gentylle-man of xiiij yere age, hys name was Jon Combe, i-borne at Amysbery in Wyltschyre. And there hens she remevyd fulle prevely unto the Lorde Jesper, Lorde and Erle of Penbroke, for she durste not a byde in noo place that [was] a opyn but in pryvatt. The cause was that conter fete tokyns were sende unto hyr as thoughe that they hadde come from hyr moste dradde lorde the Kyng Harry the VI; but hyt was not of hys sendyng, nothyr of [his] a doynge, but forgyd thyngys, for they that brought the tokyns were of the kyngys howse, and sum of the pryncys howse, and sum of hyr owne howse, and bade hyr beware of the tokyns, that she gave noo credans there too; for at the kyngys departynge fro Covyntre towarde the fylde of Northehampton, he kyste hyr and blessyd the prynce, and commaundyd hyr that she shulde not com unto hym tylle that [he] a sende a specyalle tokyn unto hyr that no man knewe but the kynge and she. For the lordys wolde fayne hadde hyr unto Lundon, for they knewe welle that alle the workyngys that were done growe by hyr, for she was more wyttyer then the kynge, and that apperythe by hys dedys, &c.

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The Welsh Castles and Towns of Edward I comprise a number of castles with associated planned towns commissioned as a means of containing the Welsh. They included, from east to west, Flint Castle, Rhuddlan Castle, Conwy Castle, Beaumaris Castle, Caernarfon Castle, Harlech Castle and Aberystwyth Castle. Those not on the coast included Denbigh Castle and Town Walls and Builth Castle. Arguably, Holt Castle and Criccieth Castle should be included.

Denbigh Friary, Denbighshire

On 18 Aug 1538 Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton -1557 received the surrender of the Carmelites at Denbigh Friary.

Llangollen, Denbighshire

Castell Dinas Brân, Llangollen, Denbighshire

Vale Crucis Abbey Llangollen, Denbighshire

On 29 Jan 1201 Madog Mathrafal Prince Powys Fadog -1236 founded Vale Crucis Abbey Llangollen.

In 1236 Madog Mathrafal Prince Powys Fadog -1236 died. He was buried at Vale Crucis Abbey Llangollen.

In 1290 Gweirca ferch Owain Mathrafal -1290 died. She was buried at Vale Crucis Abbey Llangollen.

Around 1305 Madog ap Gruffydd Fychan "Crypl" Mathrafal Prince Powys Fadog 1275-1305 (30) died. He was buried at Vale Crucis Abbey Llangollen.

Marchwiel, Denbighshire

Rhuddlan, Denbighshire

Around Oct 1062 Harold Godwinson II King England 1022-1066 (40) was given approval to attack Gruffydd ap Llywelyn King Wales' Court at Rhuddlan. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn King Wales was nearly captured but managed to escape to sea.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1050-1065. 1063. This year went Earl Harold (41), after mid-winter, from Gloucester to Rhyddlan; which belonged to Griffin: and that habitation he burned, with his ships and all the rigging belonging thereto; and put him to flight. Then in the gang-days went Harold with his ships from Bristol about Wales; where he made a truce with the people, and they gave him hostages. Tosty (37) meanwhile advanced with a land-force against them, and plundered the land. But in the harvest of the same year was King Griffin slain, on the nones of August, by his own men, through the war that he waged with Earl Harold (41). He was king over all the Welsh nation. And his head was brought to Earl Harold (41); who sent it to the king (60), with his ship's head, and the rigging therewith. King Edward (60) committed the land to his two brothers, Blethgent and Rigwatle; who swore oaths, and gave hostages to the king and to the earl, that they would be faithful to him in all things, ready to aid him everywhere by water and land, and would pay him such tribute from the land as was paid long before to other kings.

On 22 Jun 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince of Wales 1238-1283 (44) and Owain ap Dafydd Aberffraw 1275-1325 (8) were captured at Nanhysglain Bangor. Dafydd (44), seriously wounded in the struggle, was brought to King Edward's (44) camp at Rhuddlan that same night. Dafydd (44) was taken from here to Chester and then on to Shrewsbury. Dafydd (44) and Dafydd's wife Elizabeth de Ferrers (67), their daughter Gwladys, infant niece Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn (1), and Dafydd's six illegitimate daughters were also taken prisoner at the same time.

Rhuddlan Castle, Denbighshire

In 1277 Rhuddlan Castle was commissioned by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (37). Work was initially started by Master Betram but was completed by James of St George Master Mason. It was completed in 1282.

In 1282 Rhuddlan Castle was besieged by the Welsh until relieved by Amadeus V "Great" Savoy 1249-1323 (32).

On 07 Aug 1282 Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (43) and Eleanor of Castile (41) at Rhuddlan Castle.

On 23 Jun 1283 Owain ap Dafydd Aberffraw 1275-1325 (8) was imprisoned at Rhuddlan Castle.

The Welsh Castles and Towns of Edward I comprise a number of castles with associated planned towns commissioned as a means of containing the Welsh. They included, from east to west, Flint Castle, Rhuddlan Castle, Conwy Castle, Beaumaris Castle, Caernarfon Castle, Harlech Castle and Aberystwyth Castle. Those not on the coast included Denbigh Castle and Town Walls and Builth Castle. Arguably, Holt Castle and Criccieth Castle should be included.

Ruthyn

St Asaph, Denbighshire

St Asaph Cathedral, Denbighshire

On 10 Mar 1829 Henry Peyto Verney 24th Baron Latimer 16th Baron Willoughby Broke 1773-1852 (55) and Margaret Williams 1799-1880 (30) were married at St Asaph Cathedral.

Wrexham, Denbighshire

Harlech Rebels

In 1466 the Lancastrian Richard Turnstall led the garrison of Harlech Castle in a raid on Wrexham. The rebels captured Holt Castle. John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (38) was sent to suppress the rebellion.

On 24 Aug 1889 Evan Morris -1890 was knighted by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (70) on her visit to Wrexham.

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871. Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901. Note the Arm Garter as worn by Ladies of the Garter.<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 and their children.<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903. Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and Archbishop William Howley 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">

Acton Hall, Wrexham, Denbighshire

On 15 May 1645 George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689 was born to John Jeffreys High Sheriff 1608–1691 (37) at Acton Hall.

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689.<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">Around 1675 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689.<BR><p class="inline-paragraph">

Erddig Wrexham, Denbighshire

On 30 Jul 1743 Philip Yorke 1743-1804 was born to Simon Yorke 1696-1767 (47) at Erddig Wrexham.

Holt Castle, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Chronicle of Gregory 1463. Dec 1463. Ande thys same yere a-boute Crystysmas that fals Duke of Somersett (27), with owte any leve of the kyng, stale owte of Walys with a prevy mayny towarde the Newecastelle, for he and hys men were confeteryde for to have be-trayde the sayde Newecastelle. And in [t]ewey thedyrwarde he was aspyde, and lyke to have ben takyn be syde Dereham in hys bedde. Notwithstondynge he a schapyde a-way in hys schyrt and barefote, and ij of hys men were take. And they toke with hem that fals dukys caskette and hys harneys. And whenn that hys men knewe that he was aschapyd, and hys fals treson aspyde, hys men stale from the Newecastelle as very fals traytourys, and sum of hem were take and loste hyr heddys for hyr labur, &c.
Ande thenn the kynge, owre soverayne lorde Edward the iiij, hadde knowleche of hys fals dysposyscyon of thys fals Duke Harry of Somersett (27). The kynge sende a grete feleschippe of hys housolde men to kepe the towne of Newecastelle, and made the Lorde Scrope of Bolton (26) captayne of the towne; and soo they kepte hyt surely alle that wyntyr. Ande a-boute Ester nexte aftyr the Schottys sewyd unto oure soverayne lorde the kynge for pes. And the kynge ordaynyde Commyssourys to mete whythe [t]e Schottys. The names of the Commyssyonourys be wretyn here aftyr folowyng: The Chaunceler of Ingelond (31), the Lorde Montegewe (32), the Erle of Warwycke (35), and many othyr for the Englysche partye, to brynge hyt to a conclusyon.

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Harlech Rebels

In 1466 the Lancastrian Richard Turnstall led the garrison of Harlech Castle in a raid on Wrexham. The rebels captured Holt Castle. John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (38) was sent to suppress the rebellion.

Close Rolls Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476 1485. 16 May 1483. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). Westminster Palace. Grant for life to the king's servant Henry Duke of Buckingham (28), of the offices of chief justice and chamberlain in South and North Wales, constable of the castles and counties of Kermerdyn and Cardigan, the castles of Abrustwith, co Cardigan, and Denevour in South Wales, the castle and town of Tonebigh, co. Pembroke, the castle and lordship of Kylgarvan in South Wales, the castle and town of Llan Stepham in South Wales, the lordship of Wallewynscastell in South Wales, the lordship of Westhaverford in South Wales, constable, steward, and receiver of the castle, lordshiop and manor of Uske, the castle and lordship of Carlion, the castle, lordship and manor of Dynas, the castle and a moiety of the lordship of Ewyas Lacy, the castles, lordships and manors of Belth,Clifford, Radnore, Melenyth, Montgomery, Dynbigh, Elvell and Narberth, the castle, lordship and manors of Wygmore and Holt in the marches of Wales, and the lordship and manor of Bromfield in the same marches, steward and receiver of the lordships and manors of Norton, Knyghton, Raydor, Guerthrenyon, Comotoyder, Glasbury, Weryfreton, Cherbury, Terthic, Halcetur, Kadewyn, Newton, Kyry in the marches.

The Welsh Castles and Towns of Edward I comprise a number of castles with associated planned towns commissioned as a means of containing the Welsh. They included, from east to west, Flint Castle, Rhuddlan Castle, Conwy Castle, Beaumaris Castle, Caernarfon Castle, Harlech Castle and Aberystwyth Castle. Those not on the coast included Denbigh Castle and Town Walls and Builth Castle. Arguably, Holt Castle and Criccieth Castle should be included.