Biography of Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England -902

Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England was born to Æthelred Mucel Mercia Earldorman Gaini and Eadburh of Mercia.

Assers Life of Alfred 868. 868. 29. Alfred marries.67 In the year of our Lord's incarnation 868, which was the twentieth of King Alfred's life, the aforesaid revered King Alfred, then occupying only the rank of viceroy (secundarii), betrothed68 and espoused a noble Mercian lady69, daughter of Æthelred, surnamed Mucill, Ealdorman of the Gaini.70 The mother of this lady was named Eadburh, of the royal line of Mercia, whom I often saw with my own eyes a few years before her death. She was a venerable lady, and after the decease of her husband remained many years a chaste widow, even till her own death.

Note 67. Original.

Note 68. 'Subarravit, formed from sub and arrha, represents literally the English verb wed, which refers to the giving of security upon the engagement of marriage.... [It] is glossed by beweddian in Napier's Old English Glosses' (Stevenson).

Note 69. William of Malmesbury calls her Æthelswith.

Note 70. Of the Gaini nothing is known.

In 868 King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 19) and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England were married at Gainsborough [Map]. She the daughter of Æthelred Mucel Mercia Earldorman Gaini and Eadburh of Mercia. He the son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex.

Around 870 [her daughter] Æthelflæd Lady of the Mercians was born to [her husband] King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 21) and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England.

In 871 [her brother-in-law] King Æthelred of Wessex (age 24) was buried at Wimborne Minster, Dorset [Map]. [her husband] King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 22) succeeded King England. Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England by marriage Queen Consort England.

Around 874 [her son] King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons was born to [her husband] King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 25) and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England.

In or before 887 [her son-in-law] Æthelred Earldorman of Mercia and [her daughter] Æthelflæd Lady of the Mercians (age 16) were married. She the daughter of King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 37) and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England.

Around 893 [her son] King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 19) and [her daughter-in-law] Ecgwynn Unknown Queen Consort Anglo Saxons were married. He the son of King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 44) and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England.

Death of King Alfred the Great

On 26 Oct 899 [her husband] King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 50) died at Winchester, Hampshire [Map]. He was buried at Hyde Abbey. His son [her son] King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 25) succeeded King Anglo Saxons. [her daughter-in-law] Ecgwynn Unknown Queen Consort Anglo Saxons by marriage Queen Consort Anglo Saxons.

Around 900 [her son] King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 26) and [her daughter-in-law] Aelfflaed Wiltshire Queen Anglo Saxons (age 30) were married. She the daughter of Æthelhelm Earldorman Wiltshire. He the son of King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 902. Collation. This year Elswitha died.

On 05 Dec 902 Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England died.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 903. This year died Alderman Ethelwulf, the brother of Elhswitha, mother of King Edward; and Virgilius abbot of the Scots; and Grimbald the mass-priest; on the eighth day of July. This same year was consecrated the new minster at Winchester, on St. Judoc's advent.

In 1110 Hyde Abbey was consecrated. The bodies of [her former husband] King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex, his wife Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England, and their son [her son] King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons were carried in state through Winchester to be interred before the high altar. Their royal presence made Hyde Abbey a popular pilgrimage destination.

[her daughter] Aelfthryth Wessex Margrave Flanders was born to King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England.

[her son] Æthelweard Wessex was born to King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England.

[her daughter] Æthelgifu Wessex Abbess Shaftesbury was born to King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England.

Royal Descendants of Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England -902

Agnes La Marck Queen Consort Navarre x 35

Isabella Burgundy Queen Consort Germany x 1

King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons x 1

Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England x 1

Bertha Gerulfing Queen Consort France x 1

Baldwin I King Jerusalem x 2

Adela Flanders Queen Consort Denmark x 1

Maud Queen Consort Scotland x 2

Judith Welf Holy Roman Empress x 1

Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France x 2

Otto Welf IV Holy Roman Emperor x 1

Matilda Dammartin Queen Consort Portugal x 3

Blanche Capet Queen Navarre x 5

Maria Reginar Queen Consort France x 7

Henry Luxemburg VII Holy Roman Emperor x 5

Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor x 1

Margaret of Burgundy Queen Consort France x 2

Joan of Burgundy Queen Consort France x 6

Joan "Lame" Burgundy Queen Consort France x 2

Blanche of Burgundy Queen Consort France x 6

Philip "Noble" III King Navarre x 6

Joan Évreux Queen Consort France x 6

Margaret Hainault Holy Roman Empress x 11

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England x 11

Blanche Valois Holy Roman Empress Luxemburg x 6

Blanche Dampierre Queen Consort Norway and Sweden x 11

Joan Auvergne Queen Consort France x 6

Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France x 19

Blanche Bourbon Queen Consort Castile x 19

Rupert King Germany x 1

Yolande of Bar Queen Consort Aragon x 9

King Richard II of England x 2

King Louis of Naples x 13

King Henry V of England x 2

Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark x 2

Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland x 2

Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford x 19

Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England x 13

Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland x 35

Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France x 19

King Edward IV of England x 7

King Richard III of England x 7

Anne Neville Queen Consort England x 9

King Henry VII of England and Ireland x 3

Christina Queen Consort Denmark Norway and Sweden x 11

Louis XII King France x 35

Jean III King Navarre x 13

Bianca Maria Sforza Holy Roman Empress x 19

Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France x 6

Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile x 57

Joachim "Nestor" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg x 1

Germaine Foix Queen Consort Aragon x 35

Marguerite Valois Orléans Queen Consort Navarre x 57

King Francis I of France x 57

Queen Anne Boleyn of England x 13

Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress x 18

Christian III King Denmark x 1

Queen Jane Seymour x 20

Catherine Parr Queen Consort England x 22

Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England x 61

Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland x 164

Antoine King Navarre x 97

Queen Catherine Howard of England x 7

Augustus Wettin Elector of Saxony x 1

Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland x 19

Louis VI Elector Palatine x 35

Louise Lorraine Queen Consort France x 118

King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland x 2

Maximilian "The Great" Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria I Elector Bavaria x 171

Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress x 171

Electress Louise Juliana of the Palatine Rhine x 45

Ferdinand of Spain II Holy Roman Emperor x 43

Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain x 43

Anna of Austria Holy Roman Empress x 10

Frederick William "Great Elector" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg x 1

Sophie Amalie Hanover Queen Consort Denmark x 2

Ernest Augustus Hanover Elector Brunswick-Lüneburg x 2

Eleonora Gonzaga Queen Consort Bohemia x 52

Maria Leopoldine Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Bohemia x 43

Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy Queen Consort of Portugal x 200

Charlotte Amalie Hesse-Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 3

Charles Palatinate Simmern II Elector Palatine Rhine x 2

Victor Amadeus King Sardinia x 232

Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England x 2

Louise of Mecklenburg Güstrow Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 3

Maria Anna Neuburg Queen Consort Spain x 64

Frederick I King Sweden x 5

Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor x 64

Charles Habsburg Spain VI Holy Roman Emperor x 64

Sophia Louise Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Prussia x 4

Polyxena Hesse Rotenburg Queen Consort Sardinia x 2

Francis I Holy Roman Emperor x 128

Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Queen Consort Spain x 2

Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia x 130

Juliana Maria Welf Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 2

President George Washington x 7

King George III of Great Britain and Ireland x 91

William Elector of Hesse x 5

Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England x 4

Caroline Matilda Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 91

Louis XVI King France x 2

Louis XVIII King France x 2

King Charles X of France x 2

Marie Sophie Hesse-Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 5

Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England x 93

Frederick William II King Prussia x 2

King Louis Philippe I of France x 2

Frederica Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover x 6

King Christian I of Norway and VIII of Denmark x 181

Caroline Amalie Oldenburg Queen Norway x 20

Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies Queen Consort Spain x 2

Frederick VII King Denmark x 272

Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark x 186

King Christian IX of Denmark x 35

Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom x 182

Queen Sophia of Sweden and Norway x 108

Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia x 545

King Edward VII of the United Kingdom x 545

Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England x 10

Frederick Charles I King Finland x 186

Constantine I King Greece x 10

Alexandrine Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Denmark x 282

Victoria Eugénie Mountbatten Queen Consort Spain x 551

Louise Mountbatten Queen Consort Sweden x 557

Ingrid Bernadotte Queen Consort Denmark x 545

Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh x 567

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 2185

Sophia Glücksburg Queen Consort Spain x 20

Constantine II King Hellenes x 20

Carl XVI King Sweden x 1145

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 843

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 7105

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 22