King Eadbald of Kent was born to King Æthelberht of Kent and Bertha Merovingian Queen Consort Kent.
Charter 3. 605. In nomine Domini nostri Iesu Christi. Notum sit omnibus tam presentibus quam posteris quod ego [his father] Æthelbertus (age 55) Dei gratia rex Anglorum, per euangelicum genitorem meum Augustinum de idolatra factus Christicola, tradidi Deo per ipsum antistitem aliquam partem terre iuris mei sub orientali muro ciuitatis Dorobernie [Map], ubi scilicet per eundem in Christo institutorem monasterium in honore principum apostolorum Petri et Pauli condidi, et cum ipsa terra et cum omnibus que ad ipsum monasterium pertinent perpetua libertate donaui, adeo ut nec mihi nec alicui successorum meorum regum nec ulli unquam potestati siue ecclesiastice siue seculari quicquam inde liceat usurpare, sed in ipsius abbatis sint omnia libera dicione. Si quis uero de hac donatione nostra aliquid minuere aut irritum facere temptauerit, auctoritate et beati pape Gregorii nostrique apostoli Augustini simul et nostra imprecatione sit hic segregatus ab omni sancte ecclesie communione et in die iudicii ab omni electorum societate. Circumcingitur hec terra his terminibus: in oriente ecclesia sancti Martini, et inde ad orientem be sywenne dune, et sic ad aquilonem be wykenge mearce, iterumque ad orientem et ad austrum be burnware mearce, item ad orientem et ad austrum be suth burnware mearke, et sic ad austrum et occidentem be kynges mearke, item ad aquilonem et orientem be kynges mearce, sicque ad occidentem to riðere ceape, et ita ad aquilonem to druting stræte. Actum est hoc in ciuitate Dorouernie, anno ab incarnatione Christi .dcv., indictione .vi.
Ego Athelbertus (age 55) rex Anglorum hanc donationem meam signo sancte crucis propria manu confirmaui.
Ego Augustinus gratia Dei archiepiscopus libenter subscripsi.
Ego Eadbaldus regis filius faui.
Ego Hamigisilus dux laudaui.
Ego Hocca comes consensi.
Ego Augemundus referendarius approbaui.
Ego Graphio comes benedixi.
Ego Tangisilus regis optimas confirmaui.
Ego Pinca consensi.
Ego Geddi corroboraui.
A.D. 605 (Canterbury). Æthelberht, king of the English, to St Augustine for the minster of SS Peter and Paul (St Augustine's), Canterbury; grant of land to the east of Canterbury. Latin with bounds.
Archive: Canterbury, St Augustine's
MSS: 1. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 111, pp. 310-11 (s. xvi)
Note 2. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 189, 46rv (s. xiv)
Note 3. Cambridge, Trinity Hall, 1, 22r (facsimile of lost single sheet, s. xv; Deanesly 1942, pl. facing p. 114)
Note 4. Cambridge, Trinity Hall, 1, 22r (s. xv)
Note 5. BL Add. 53710, 2v-3r (s. xiv)
Note 6. BL Add. 53710, 254r (s. xvi)
Note 7. BL Cotton Claud. D. x, 9r (s. xiii)
Note 8. BL Cotton Jul. D. ii, 84r (s. xiii)
Note 9. BL Cotton Tib. A. ix, 107v-108r (s. xiv)
Note 10. BL Cotton Vesp. B. xx, 277rv (s. xii; Gem 1997, p. 53)
Note 11. BL Cotton Vitell. A. ii, 6v (s. xii)
Note 12. BL Harley 358, 47v-48r (s. xvi)
Note 13. BL Lansdowne 447, 23v-24r (s. xvii)
Note 14. BL Lansdowne 863, 90v (s. xvi)
Note 15. Bodleian, Add. C. 296, 77r (s. xvii; ex 11)
Note 16. Bodleian, Dugdale 11, 20v (s. sxvii)
Note 17. Bodleian, Tanner 165, 97r (s. xv)
Note 18. Winchester, Cathedral Library, XXB, 157rv (s. xvi)
Printed: Spelman, Concilia, i. 119, ex MS 3; Twysden, X Scriptores, cols 1761-2 ex MS 5; Mon. Angl., i. 24, ex ? MS 10; Alford 1663, ii. 3; Wilkins, Concilia, iv. 728 ex Spelman; K 3 ex MS 3 etc.; Mon., Angl. (rev. edn), i. 110 (no. 36) ex MS 17, i. 126-7 (no. 2) ex 1st edn; Hardwick, Elmham, pp. 111-13, ex MS 3; HS, pp. 55-6, ex K etc.; B 5; Pierquin, Recueil, pt 1, no. 3; Kelly, St Augustine's, no. 2, ex MSS 3, 8, 10; Morris 1995, pp. 103-4, ex B.
Translated: Davis, Thorne, pp. 8-9 (ex Twysden, X Scriptores).
Comments: HS, pp. 55-6, questionable or spurious; Stevenson 1891, p. 742 n. 22, spurious, forged after 1066; Turner 1915, pp. xx-xxi; Wallenberg, KPN, p. 5, on place-names; Deanesly 1941/1, pp. 55-69; Deanesly 1942, pp. 104-10, authentic; Levison 1946, pp. 174-233, spurious, forged in late 11th century; Hunter 1973, on MS 3; Scharer 1982, p. 59, spurious; Sparks and Tatton-Brown 1987, p. 204, on bounds; Kelly 1988, perhaps forged soon after Conquest; Kelly, St Augustine's, pp. 11-13, spurious, forged on the basis of S 2; Morris 1995, pp. 89-98, some authentic basis.
Charter S2. 605. In nomine Domini nostri Iesu Christi. Omnem hominem qui secundum Deum uiuit et remunerari a Deo sperat et optat, oportet ut piis precibus consensum hilariter ex animo prebeat, quoniam certum est tanto facilius ea que ipse a Deo poposcerit consequi posse, quanto et ipse libentius Deo aliquid concesserit. Quocirca ego [his father] Æthilberhtus (age 55) rex Cantie, cum consensu uenerabilis archiepiscopi Agustini ac principum meorum, dabo et concedo Deo in honore sancti Petri aliquam partem terre iuris mei quæ iacet in oriente ciuitatis Dorobernie [Map], ita dumtaxat ut monasterium ibi construatur, et res quæ supra memoraui in potestate abbatis sit, qui ibi fuerit ordinatus. Igitur adiuro et precipio in nomine Domini Dei omnipotentis qui est omnium rerum iudex iustus1 ut prefata terra subscripta donatione sempiternaliter sit confirmata, ita ut nec mihi nec alicui successorum meorum regum aut principum siue cuiuslibet conditionis dignitatibus et ecclesiasticis gradibus de ea aliquid fraudare liceat. Si quis uero de hac donatione nostra aliquid minuere aut irritum facere temptauerit, sit in presenti separatus a sancta communione corporis et sanguinis Christi, et in die iudicii ob meritum malitie suæ a consortio sanctorum omnium segregatus. Circumcincta est hec terra his terminibus: in oriente ecclesia sancti Martini, in meridie uia oþ burhgat, in occidente et in aquilone drutingestræte. Acta in ciuitate Dorouerni anno ab incarnatione Christi .dcv., indictione .vi.
Ego Æthelbertus (age 55) rex Cancie sana mente integroque consilio donacionem meam signo sancte crucis propria manu roboraui confirmauique.
Ego Ægustinus gratia Dei archiepiscopus testis consenciens libenter subscripsi.
Eadbald. Hamigils. Augemund referendarius. Hocca. Grafio. Thangil. Pinca. Geddi.
Note 1. Ps. vii. 12: qui est omnium iudex iustus
A.D. 605 (Canterbury). Æthelberht (age 55), king of Kent, to St Peter; grant of land to the east of Canterbury for the foundation of a minster. Latin with English bounds.
Archive: Canterbury, St Augustine's
MSS: 1. Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 111, p. 310 (s. xvi)
Note 2. Cambridge, Trinity Hall, 1, 21v (facsimile of lost single sheet, s. xv; Hunter 1973, pl. 1; Kelly, St Augustine's, pl. 1)
Note 3. Cambridge, Trinity Hall, 1, 21v (s. xv)
Note 4. Canterbury, City Archives, Roll I/Z/1 m. 3 (s. xvi)
Note 5. BL Add. 53710, 221v (s. xiv)
Note 6. BL Add. 53710, 253v-254r (s. xvi)
Note 7. BL Cotton Claudius D. x, 61r (s. xiv)
Note 8. BL Cotton Cleop. F. i, 236r (s. xvi)
Note 9. BL Harley 358, 47v (s. xvi)
Note 10. BL Lansdowne 447, 23v (s. xvii)
Note 11. PRO Ch.R 20 Edw. II, m. 2
Note 12. PRO Ch.R. 36 Edw. III, m. 7
Note 13. PRO Ch.R. 8 Hen. IV, m. 6
Note 14. PRO Pat. R. 2 Hen. VI, pt 3, m. 5
Note 15. PRO Pat. R. 4 Edw. IV, pt 4, m. 29
Note 16. PRO Pat. R. 14 Hen. VII, pt 1, m. 16
Note 17. Bodleian, Dodsworth 10, 7r (s. xvii)
Note 18. Bodleian, Dodsworth 120, 115rv (s. xvii)
Note 19. Bodleian, Dugdale 11, 20r (s. xvii)
Note 20. Bodleian, Engl. Hist. C. 241, 21v (s. xvi)
Note 21. Winchester, Cathedral Library, XXB, 157r (s. xvi)
Printed: Spelman, Concilia, i. 118-19; Twysden, X Scriptores, col. 2123 ex MS 5; Mon. Angl., i. 23, ex ? MS 7; Alford 1663, ii. 76; Somner 1703, Appendix, p. 6, ex ? MS 5; Wilkins, Concilia, iv. 728, ex Spelman; K 2 ex MS 3; Mon. Angl. (rev. edn), i. 126 (no. 1); Hardwick, Elmham, pp. 109-10, ex MSS 2, 3; HS, pp. 54-5, ex K etc.; B 4 ex K, HS etc.; Pierquin, Recueil, pt 1, no. 2; Kelly, St Augustine's, no. 1, ex MSS 2, 7, 21; Morris 1995, pp. 102-3, ex B.
Translated: Davis, Thorne, pp. 565-6 (ex Twysden, X Scriptores).
Comments: HS, pp. 54-5, spurious or questionable; Turner 1915, p. xx, suspicious; Wallenberg, KPN, pp. 4-5, on place-names; Deanesly 1941/1, pp. 53-9; Deanesly 1942, p. 104 n. 7; Levison 1946, pp. 174-233, spurious, probably forged in late 11th century; Hunter 1973, on MS 2; Scharer 1982, p. 59, spurious; Kelly 1988, perhaps forged shortly before Conquest; Kelly, St Augustine's, pp. 4-9, fabrication partly modelled on a lost charter of Æthelberht II (725-62), witness-list may derive from a lost 7th-century source; Morris 1995, pp. 89-98, some authentic basis.
After 605 [his mother] Bertha Merovingian Queen Consort Kent (age 40) died.
Around 614 [his daughter] Eanswith Oiscingas was born to King Eadbald of Kent and Emma Austrasia Queen Consort Kent.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 616. This year died [his father] Ethelbert (age 66), king of Kent, the first of English kings that received baptism: he was the son of Ermenric. He reigned fifty-six winters, and was succeeded by his son Eadbald. And in this same year had elapsed from the beginning of the world five thousand six hundred and eighteen winters. This Eadbald renounced his baptism, and lived in a heathen manner; so that he took to wife the relict of his father. Then Laurentius, who was archbishop in Kent, meant to depart southward over sea, and abandon everything. But there came to him in the night the apostle Peter, and severely chastised him19, because he would so desert the flock of God. And he charged him to go to the king, and teach him the right belief. And he did so; and the king returned to the right belief. In this king's days the same Laurentius, who was archbishop in Kent after Augustine, departed this life on the second of February, and was buried near Augustine. The holy Augustine in his lifetime invested him bishop, to the end that the church of Christ, which yet was new in England, should at no time after his decease be without an archbishop. After him Mellitus, who was first Bishop of London, succeeded to the archbishopric. The people of London, where Mellitus was before, were then heathens: and within five winters of this time, during the reign of Eadbald, Mellitus died. To him succeeded Justus, who was Bishop of Rochester, whereto he consecrated Romanus bishop.
Note 19. Literally, "swinged, or scourged him." Both Bede and Alfred begin by recording the matter as a vision, or a dream; whence the transition is easy to a matter of fact, as here stated by the Norman interpolators of the "Saxon Annals".
In 633 Archbishop Paulinus of York fled to the protection of King Eadbald of Kent.
In 633 Eanflæd Queen Consort Bernicia (age 6) fled to the protection of King Eadbald of Kent in Kent.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 633. This year King Edwin (age 47) was slain by Cadwalla and Penda, on Hatfield moor, on the fourteenth of October [Note. Some sources say 12 Oct 633]. He reigned seventeen years. His son Osfrid was also slain with him. After this Cadwalla and Penda went and ravaged all the land of the Northumbrians; which when Paulinus saw, he took [his sister] Ethelburga (age 28), the relict of Edwin, and went by ship to Kent. Eadbald and Honorius received him very honourably, and gave him the bishopric of Rochester, where he continued to his death.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 640. This year died Eadbald, King of Kent, after a reign of twenty-five winters. He had two sons, [his son] Ermenred and [his son] Erkenbert; and Erkenbert reigned there after his father. He overturned all the idols in the kingdom, and first of English kings appointed a fast before Easter. His daughter was called Ercongota - holy damsel of an illustrious sire! whose mother was Sexburga, the daughter of Anna, king of the East-Angles. Ermenred also begat two sons [Note. Æthelberht Oiscingas and Æthelred Oiscingas], who were afterwards martyred by Thunnor.
[his son] Eormenred King of Kent was born to King Eadbald of Kent and Emma Austrasia Queen Consort Kent.
[his son] King Eorcenberht of Kent was born to King Eadbald of Kent and Emma Austrasia Queen Consort Kent.
Father: King Æthelberht of Kent
Great x 1 Grandfather: Clothar "The Old" I King Paris Merovingian King Franks
GrandFather: Charibert King Paris Merovingian
Mother: Bertha Merovingian Queen Consort Kent
GrandMother: Ingoberga Unknown Queen Consort Paris