Books, Prehistory, Archaeologia Volume 21 Section III Chapter III

Archaeologia Volume 21 Section III Chapter III is in Archaeologia Volume 21.

Battle of Tewkesbury

How the Duke of Somerset and, the Prior of Saint John, with several other Knights and Squires, made prisoners at the Battle [Battle of Tewkesbury], were beheaded in the Town of Tewksbury.

The battle being thus over, the king entered the town of Tewksbury, and therein caused to be beheaded, on the 6th day of the aforesaid month of May, the Duke of Somerset, the Prior of Saint John, together with several other knights and squires, and divers other gentlemen, who for a length of time had been the instigators of the rebellion.

These things being done, the king departed from thence the 7th day of the said month, and at the same time news was brought to him, that certain rebels in the north were beginning to foment insurrection and commotions among the people against him, in favour of King Henry; whereupon he advanced towards them, and coming into his city of Coventry on the 11th day of the month, he there refreshed himself and his army; as soon, however, as his northern rebels had learned his approach, they retreated, and dispersed their bands and companies; some of them, viz. the Lord De Camis and others were taken, and some sent to, and used means to obtain the king’s pardon: all the cities and towns, together with divers districts of country, submitted, and were secured under due obedience to the king: in fine, by the 13th of May, it was ascertained, that this rebellion, which had broken out in the north, was in no manner alarming, and that the whole of that district would very shortly be pacified. At this moment also, the king was informed, that the Bastard of Faucquenbergheb, with divers soldiers and mariners belonging to Calais, having traitorously conspired against his royal majesty, had engaged a great body of the people in Kent to espouse the quarrel of King Henry, and on the 12th day of May, had come before the city of London, saying, they would have the said King Henry from out of the Tower, and would march forward and war with King Edward wheresoever they could find him, they being in number 18,000 men.

Note b. Thomas Nevill, son to the Lord Thomas [Note. A mistake for William?] Fauconbergh.

This intelligence having reached the king, he immediately sent a great portion of his army to reinforce and succour his city of London. They marched from Coventry on the 14th day of May, and he followed himself in person on the 16th of the same month.

The rebels, when they were informed that the king was making dispositions to come and attack them at the head of a great number of men, abandoned their design of crossing the river Thames, and of advancing to meet him.