John Evelyn's Diary 1696

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John Evelyn's Diary 1696 is in John Evelyn's Diary 1690s.

1696 Plot to Assassinate King William III

1696 Oath of Association

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 January

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 January 12

12 Jan 1696. Great confusion and distraction by reason of the clipped money, and the difficulty found in reforming it.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 February

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 February 02

02 Feb 1696. An extraordinary wet season, though temperate as to cold. The "Royal Sovereign" man-of-war burned at Chatham, Kent [Map]. It was built in 1637, and having given occasion to the levy of ship money was perhaps the cause of all the after troubles to this day. An earthquake in Dorsetshire by Portland, or rather a sinking of the ground suddenly for a large space, near the quarries of stone, hindering the conveyance of that material for the finishing St. Paul's [Map].

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 February 23

23 Feb 1696. They now began to coin new money.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 February 26

26 Feb 1696. There was now a conspiracy of about thirty knights, gentlemen, captains, many of them Irish and English Papists, and Nonjurors or Jacobites (so called), to murder King William (age 45) on the first opportunity of his going either from Kensington, or to hunting, or to the chapel; and upon signal of fire to be given from Dover Cliff to Calais [Map], an invasion was designed. In order to it there was a great army in readiness, men-of-war and transports, to join a general insurrection here, the Duke of Berwick (age 25) having secretly come to London to head them, King James (age 62) attending at Calais with the French army. It was discovered by some of their own party. £1,000 reward was offered to whoever could apprehend any of the thirty named. Most of those who were engaged in it, were taken and secured. The Parliament, city, and all the nation, congratulate the discovery; and votes and resolutions were passed that, if King William (age 45) should ever be assassinated, it should be revenged on the Papists and party through the nation; an Act of Association drawing up to empower the Parliament to sit on any such accident, till the Crown should be disposed of according to the late settlement at the Revolution. All Papists, in the meantime, to be banished ten miles from London. This put the nation into an incredible disturbance and general animosity against the French King and King James. The militia of the nation was raised, several regiments were sent for out of Flanders, and all things put in a posture to encounter a descent. This was so timed by the enemy, that while we were already much discontented by the greatness of the taxes, and corruption of the money, etc., we had like to have had very few men-of-war near our coasts; but so it pleased God that Admiral Rooke (age 46) wanting a wind to pursue his voyage to the Straits, that squadron, with others at Portsmouth, Hampshire [Map] and other places, were still in the Channel, and were soon brought up to join with the rest of the ships which could be got together, so that there is hope this plot may be broken. I look on it as a very great deliverance and prevention by the providence of God. Though many did formerly pity King James's condition, this design of assassination and bringing over a French army, alienated many o£ his friends, and was likely to produce a more perfect establishment of King William.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 March

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 March 01

01 Mar 1696. The wind continuing N. and E. all this week, brought so many of our men-of-war together that, though most of the French finding their design detected and prevented, made a shift to get into Calais [Map] and Dunkirk roads, we wanting fire-ships and bombs to disturb them; yet they were so engaged among the sands and flats, that 'tis said they cut their masts and flung their great guns overboard to lighten their vessels. We are yet upon them. This deliverance is due solely to God. French were to have invaded at once England, Scotland, and Ireland.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 March 08

08 Mar 1696. Divers of the conspirators tried and condemned. Vesuvius breaking out, terrified Naples. Three [Note. Robert Charnock, Edward King, and Thomas Keys] of the unhappy wretches, whereof one was a priest, were executed for intending to assassinate the King; they acknowledged their intention, but acquitted King James of inciting them to it, and died very penitent. Divers more in danger, and some very considerable persons.

08 Mar 1696. Great frost and cold.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April 06

06 Apr 1696. I visited Mr. Graham in the Fleet [Map].

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April 10

10 Apr 1696. The quarters of Sir William Perkins (deceased) and Sir John Friend, lately executed on the plot, with Perkins's (deceased) head, were set up at Temple Bar, a dismal sight, which many pitied. I think there never was such at Temple Bar till now, except once in the time of King Charles II, namely, of Sir Thomas Armstrong.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April 12

12 Apr 1696. A very fine spring season.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April 19

19 Apr 1696. Great offense taken at the three ministers who absolved Sir William Perkins (deceased) and Friend at Tyburn [Map]. One of them (Snatt) was a son of my old schoolmaster. This produced much altercation as to the canonicalness of the action.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April 21

21 Apr 1696. We had a meeting at Guildhall [Map] of the grand committee about settling the draught of Greenwich Hospital [Map].

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April 23

23 Apr 1696. I went to Eton [Map], and dined with Dr. Godolphin, the provost. The schoolmaster assured me there had not been for twenty years a more pregnant youth in that place than my grandson (age 14). I went to see the King's House at Kensington. It is very noble, though not great. The gallery furnished with the best pictures [from] all the houses, of Titian, Raphael, Correggio, Holbein, Julio Romano, Bassan, Vandyke, Tintoretto, and others; a great collection of porcelain; and a pretty private library. The gardens about it very delicious.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April 26

26 Apr 1696. Dr. Sharp (age 51) preached at the Temple. His prayer before the sermon was one of the most excellent compositions I ever heard.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 April 28

28 Apr 1696. The Venetian Ambassador made a stately entry with fifty footmen, many on horseback, four rich coaches, and a numerous train of gallants. More executions this week of the assassins. Oates (age 46) dedicated a most villainous, reviling book against King James (age 62), which he presumed to present to King William (age 45), who could not but abhor it, speaking so infamously and untruly of his late beloved Queen's own father.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 May

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 May 02

02 May 1696. I dined at Lambeth [Map], being summoned to meet my co-trustees, the Archbishop (age 59), Sir Henry Ashurst, and Mr. Serjeant Rotheram, to consult about settling Mr. Boyle's lecture for a perpetuity; which we concluded upon, by buying a rent charge of £50 per annum, with the stock in our hands.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 May 06

06 May 1696. I went to Lambeth [Map], to meet at dinner the Countess of Sunderland (age 54) and divers ladies. We dined in the Archbishop's wife's apartment with his Grace (age 59), and stayed late; yet I returned to Deptford, Kent [Map] at night.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 May 13

13 May 1696. I went to London to meet my son (age 41), newly come from Ireland, indisposed. Money still continuing exceedingly scarce, so that none was paid or received, but all was on trust, the mint not supplying for common necessities. The Association with an oath required of all lawyers and officers, on pain of Praemunire, whereby men were obliged to renounce King James as no rightful king, and to revenge King William's death, if happening by assassination. This to be taken by all the Counsel by a day limited, so that the Courts of Chancery and King's Bench hardly heard any cause in Easter Term, so many crowded to take the oath. This was censured as a very entangling contrivance of the Parliament in expectation, that many in high office would lay down, and others surrender. Many gentlemen taken up on suspicion of the late plot, were now discharged out of prison.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 May 29

29 May 1696. We settled divers offices, and other matters relating to workmen, for the beginning of Greenwich Hospital [Map].

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June 01

01 Jun 1696. I went to Deptford, Kent [Map] to dispose of our goods, in order to letting the house for three years to Vice Admiral Benbow (age 43), with condition to keep up the garden. This was done soon after.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June 04

04 Jun 1696. A committee met at Whitehall [Map] about Greenwich Hospital [Map], at Sir Christopher Wren's (age 72), his Majesty's Surveyor-General. We made the first agreement with divers workmen and for materials; and gave the first order for proceeding on the foundation, and for weekly payments to the workmen, and a general account to be monthly.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June 11

11 Jun 1696. Dined at Lord Pembroke's (age 40), Lord Privy Seal, a very worthy gentleman. He showed me divers rare pictures of very many of the old and best masters, especially one of M. Angelo of a man gathering fruit to give to a woman, and a large book of the best drawings of the old masters. Sir John Fenwick (age 51), one of the conspirators, was taken. Great subscriptions in Scotland to their East India Company. Want of current money to carry on the smallest concerns, even for daily provisions in the markets. Guineas lowered to twenty-two shillings, and great sums daily transported to Holland, where it yields more, with other treasure sent to pay the armies, and nothing considerable coined of the new and now only current stamp, cause such a scarcity that tumults are every day feared, nobody paying or receiving money; so imprudent was the late Parliament to condemn the old though clipped and corrupted, till they had provided supplies. To this add the fraud of the bankers and goldsmiths, who having gotten immense riches by extortion, keep up their treasure in expectation of enhancing its icon. Duncombe, not long since a mean goldsmith, having made a purchase of the late Duke of Buckingham's estate at nearly £90,000, and reputed to have nearly as much in cash. Banks and lotteries every day set up.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June 18

18 Jun 1696. The famous trial between my Lord Bath (age 67) and Lord Montague (age 57) for an estate of £11,000 a year, left by the Duke of Albemarle, wherein on several trials had been spent £20,000 between them. The Earl of Bath (age 34) was cast on evident forgery.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June 20

20 Jun 1696. I made my Lord Cheney a visit at Chelsea, and saw those ingenious waterworks invented by Mr. Winstanley, wherein were some things very surprising and extraordinary.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June 21

21 Jun 1696. An exceedingly rainy, cold, unseasonable summer, yet the city was very healthy.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June 25

25 Jun 1696. A trial in the Common Pleas between the Lady Purbeck Temple and Mr. Temple, a nephew of Sir Purbeck, concerning a deed set up to take place of several wills. This deed was proved to be forged. The cause went on my lady's side. This concerning my son-in-law, Draper, I stayed almost all day at Court. A great supper was given to the jury, being persons of the best condition in Buckinghamshire.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June 30

30 Jun 1696. I went with a select committee of the Commissioners for Greenwich Hospital [Map], and with Sir Christopher Wren (age 72), where with him I laid the first stone of the intended foundation, precisely at five o'clock in the evening, after we had dined together. Mr. Flamstead (age 49), the King's Astronomical Professor, observing the punctual time by instruments.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 July

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 July 04

04 Jul 1696. Note that my Lord Godolphin (age 51) was the first of the Members who paid any money to this noble fabric.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 July 07

07 Jul 1696. A northern wind altering the weather with a continual and impetuous rain of three days and nights changed it into perfect winter.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 July 12

12 Jul 1696. Very unseasonable and uncertain weather.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 July 26

26 Jul 1696. So little money in the nation that Exchequer Tallies, of which I had for £2,000 on the best fund in England, the Post Office, nobody would take at 30 per cent discount.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 August

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 August 03

03 Aug 1696. The Bank lending the £200,000 to pay the array in Flanders, that had done nothing against the enemy, had so exhausted the treasure of the nation, that one could not have borrowed money under 14 or 15 per cent on bills, or on Exchequer Tallies under 30 per cent. Reasonable good harvest weather. I went to Lambeth [Map] and dined with the Archbishop (age 59), who had been at Court on the complaint against Dr. Thomas Watson (age 59), Bishop of St. David's, who was suspended for simony. The Archbishop (age 59) told me how unsatisfied he was with the Canon law, and how exceedingly unreasonable all their pleadings appeared to him.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 September

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 September 01

01 Sep 1696. Fine seasonable weather, and a great harvest after a cold, wet summer. Scarcity in Scotland.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 September 06

06 Sep 1696. I went to congratulate the marriage of a daughter of Mr. Boscawen to the son (age 24) of Sir Philip Meadows; she is niece to my Lord Godolphin (age 51), married at Lambeth [Map] by the Archbishop (age 59), 30th of August. After above six months' stay in London about Greenwich Hospital, I returned to Wotton, Surrey [Map].

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 October

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 October 24

24 Oct 1696. Unseasonable stormy weather, and an ill seedtime.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 November

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 November 01

01 Nov 1696. Lord Godolphin retired from the Treasury, who was the first Commissioner and most skillful manager of all.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 November 08

08 Nov 1696. The first frost began fiercely, but lasted not long. More plots talked of. Search for Jacobites so called.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 November 15

15 Nov 1696 to 23 Nov 1696. Very stormy weather, rain, and inundations.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 December

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 December 13

13 Dec 1696. Continuance of extreme frost and snow.