Biography of Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649

Paternal Family Tree: Capell

Maternal Family Tree: Anne Pakenham 1485-1544

On 11 Aug 1600 [his father] Henry Capell (age 21) and [his mother] Theodosia Montagu were married.

On 20 Feb 1608 Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham was born to Henry Capell (age 29) and Theodosia Montagu at Hadham Hall, Hertfordshire.

On 29 Apr 1622 [his father] Henry Capell (age 43) died at Rayne.

Around 1623 Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 14) educated at Queen's College, Cambridge University [Map].

In 1624 [his uncle] Arthur Capell of Little Hadham (age 38) was elected MP St Albans. He had been nominated by the 2nd earl of Salisbury (age 32), whose eldest daughter (age 2), a child of 12, was betrothed to his nephew, Arthur (age 15).

On 28 Nov 1627 Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 19) and Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham (age 16) were married.

On or before 16 Sep 1630 [his daughter] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 22) and [his wife] Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham (age 19) at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire [Map].

On or before 02 Jan 1632 [his son] Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 23) and [his wife] Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham (age 21). He was christened 02 Jan 1632.

In 1633 [his daughter] Elizabeth Capell Countess Carnarvon was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 24) and [his wife] Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham (age 22).

Before 06 Mar 1638 [his son] Henry Capell 1st Baron Capell Tewkesbury was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 30) and [his wife] Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham (age 27) at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire [Map].

On 06 Aug 1641 Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 33) was created 1st Baron Capell Hadham. [his wife] Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham (age 30) by marriage Baroness Capell Hadham.

Around 1647 John Hoskins (age 57) (copy from original). Portrait of Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 38).

On 28 Jun 1648 [his son-in-law] Henry Seymour (age 22) and [his daughter] Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort (age 17) were married at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire [Map]. He the son of William Seymour 2nd Duke of Somerset (age 60) and Frances Devereux Duchess of Somerset (age 48). They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Execution of Three Lords

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Feb 1649. Now were Duke Hamilton (age 42), the Earl of Norwich (age 63), Lord Capell (age 40), etc., at their trial before the rebels' New Court of Injustice.

On 09 Mar 1649 at the Old Palace Yard three Royalist Lords were beheaded ...

Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham (age 41) was beheaded. His son [his son] Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex (age 17) succeeded 2nd Baron Capell Hadham.

Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland (age 58) was beheaded. His son Robert Rich 5th Earl Warwick 2nd Earl Holland (age 30) succeeded 2nd Earl Holland. Elizabeth Ingram Countess Holland (age 26) by marriage Countess Holland.

James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton (age 42) was beheaded. His brother William Hamilton 2nd Duke Hamilton (age 32) succeeded 2nd Duke Hamilton, 3rd Earl Cambridge by special remainder.

John Owen (age 49) had been sentenced to death but was subsequently pardoned.

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Jul 1660. I heard Sir Samuel Tuke (age 45) harangue to the House of Lords, in behalf of the Roman Catholics, and his account of the transaction at Colchester in murdering Lord Capel, and the rest of those brave men, that suffered in cold blood, after articles of rendition.

Pepy's Diary. 20 Apr 1669. At noon comes my guest, Mr. Hugh May (age 47), and with him [his son] Sir Henry Capell (age 31), my old Lord Capel's son, and Mr. Parker; and I had a pretty dinner for them; and both before and after dinner had excellent discourse; and shewed them my closet and my Office, and the method of it to their great content; and more extraordinary, manly discourse and opportunity of shewing myself, and learning from others, I have not, in ordinary discourse, had in my life, they being all persons of worth, but especially Sir H. Capell (age 31), whose being a Parliament-man, and hearing my discourse in the Parliament-house, hath, as May (age 47) tells me, given him along desire to know and discourse with me. In the afternoon we walked to the Old Artillery-Ground near the Spitalfields, where I never was before, but now, by Captain Deane's (age 35) invitation, did go to see his new gun tryed, this being the place where the Officers of the Ordnance do try all their great guns; and when we come, did find that the trial had been made; and they going away with extraordinary report of the proof of his gun, which, from the shortness and bigness, they do call Punchinello. But I desired Colonel Legg to stay and give us a sight of her performance, which he did, and there, in short, against a gun more than as long and as heavy again, and charged with as much powder again, she carried the same bullet as strong to the mark, and nearer and above the mark at a point blank than theirs, and is more easily managed, and recoyles no more than that, which is a thing so extraordinary as to be admired for the happiness of his invention, and to the great regret of the old Gunners and Officers of the Ordnance that were there, only Colonel Legg did do her much right in his report of her. And so, having seen this great and first experiment, we all parted, I seeing my guests into a Hackney coach, and myself, with Captain Deane (age 35), taking a Hackney coach, did go out towards Bow, and went as far as Stratford, and all the way talking of this invention, and he offering me a third of the profit of the invention; which, for aught I know, or do at present think, may prove matter considerable to us: for either the King (age 38) will give him a reward for it, if he keeps it to himself, or he will give us a patent to make our profit of it: and no doubt but it will be of profit to merchantmen and others, to have guns of the same force at half the charge. This was our talk: and then to talk of other things, of the Navy in general: and, among other things, he did tell me that he do hear how the Duke of Buckingham (age 41) hath a spite at me, which I knew before, but value it not: and he tells me that Sir T. Allen (age 57) is not my friend; but for all this I am not much troubled, for I know myself so usefull that, as I believe, they will not part with me; so I thank God my condition is such that I can; retire, and be able to live with comfort, though not with abundance. Thus we spent the evening with extraordinary good discourse, to my great content, and so home to the Office, and there did some business, and then home, where my wife do come home, and I vexed at her staying out so late, but she tells me that she hath been at home with M. Batelier a good while, so I made nothing of it, but to supper and to bed.

Evelyn's Diary. 18 Apr 1680. My Lord was not long since come from his Lord-Lieutenancy of Ireland, where he showed his abilities in administration and government, as well as prudence in considerably augmenting his estate without reproach. He had been Ambassador-extraordinary in Denmark, and, in a word, such a person as became the son of that worthy hero his father to be, the late Lord Capel, who lost his life for King Charles I.

[his daughter] Theodosia Capell was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham and Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham.

[his son] Charles Capell was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham and Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham.

[his daughter] Anne Capell was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham and Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham.

Royal Ancestors of Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 14 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 20 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 15 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 8 Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 14 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 14 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 10 Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France

Royal Descendants of Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 2

Ancestors of Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Capell

Great x 3 Grandfather: Giles Capell of Rayne Hall 9 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Arundell 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edward Capell 10 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Henry Capell 11 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

GrandFather: Arthur Capell 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Robert Manners 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: George Manners 11th Baron Ros Helmsley 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Ros 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Thomas Manners 1st Earl of Rutland 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas St Leger 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne St Leger Baroness Ros of Helmsley 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Anne York Duchess Exeter 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Catherine Manners 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Paston

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Paston

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margery Brewes

Great x 2 Grandmother: Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Heydon

Great x 3 Grandmother: Bridget Heydon

Great x 4 Grandmother: Anne Boleyn

Father: Henry Capell 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Grey 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Katherine Neville Baroness Bonville and Hastings 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Grey 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Nicholas Wotton

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Wotton of Boughton Malherbe

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset

GrandMother: Margaret Grey 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Browne

Great x 3 Grandfather: Anthony Browne 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Fitzalan 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Anthony Browne 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Lucy Neville 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Mary Browne 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Gage

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Gage

Great x 2 Grandmother: Alice Gage

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Guildford

Great x 3 Grandmother: Philippa Guildford

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ann Pympe

Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Montagu 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Ladde Montagu 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Holcot

Great x 2 Grandfather: Thomas Montagu 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Edward Montagu 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Dudley

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Dudley

Great x 2 Grandmother: Agnes Dudley

GrandFather: Edward Montagu 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Edmund Roper

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Roper

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Roper of Well Hall

Great x 1 Grandmother: Helen Roper

Mother: Theodosia Montagu 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Robert Harrington

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Harrington

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Alexander Harrington

Great x 1 Grandfather: James Harrington

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Moton of Peckleton in Leicestershire

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Moton

GrandMother: Elizabeth Harrington

Great x 4 Grandfather: William IV Sidney

Great x 3 Grandfather: Nicholas Sidney

Great x 2 Grandfather: William Sidney

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Brandon

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne Brandon

Great x 1 Grandmother: Lucy Sidney

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Pakenham

Great x 3 Grandfather: Hugh Pakenham

Great x 2 Grandmother: Anne Pakenham