Biography of Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis 1738-1805

Paternal Family Tree: Cornwallis

Maternal Family Tree: Elizabeth Jones 1681

1781 Battle of Yorktown

1786 Creation of Garter Knights

1802 Treaty of Amiens

On 28 Nov 1722 [his father] Charles Cornwallis 1st Earl Cornwallis (age 22) and [his mother] Elizabeth Townshend Countess Cornwallis were married.

On 31 Dec 1738 Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis was born to Charles Cornwallis 1st Earl Cornwallis (age 38) and Elizabeth Townshend Countess Cornwallis at Grosvenor Square, Belgravia.

In 1753 [his father] Charles Cornwallis 1st Earl Cornwallis (age 52) was created 1st Earl Cornwallis. [his mother] Elizabeth Townshend Countess Cornwallis by marriage Countess Cornwallis.

On 23 Jun 1762 [his father] Charles Cornwallis 1st Earl Cornwallis (age 62) died. His son Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 23) succeeded 2nd Earl Cornwallis.

On 14 Jul 1768 Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 29) and Jemima Tullekin Jones Marchioness Cornwallis were married. She by marriage Countess Cornwallis. He the son of Charles Cornwallis 1st Earl Cornwallis and Elizabeth Townshend Countess Cornwallis.

On 28 Jun 1769 [his daughter] Mary Cornwallis was born to Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 30) and [his wife] Jemima Tullekin Jones Marchioness Cornwallis.

On 19 Oct 1774 [his son] Charles Cornwallis 2nd Marquess Cornwallis was born to Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 35) and [his wife] Jemima Tullekin Jones Marchioness Cornwallis.

On 14 Apr 1779 [his wife] Jemima Tullekin Jones Marchioness Cornwallis died.

1781 Battle of Yorktown

Between 28 Sep 1781 and 19 Oct 1781 the 1781 Battle of Yorktown was fought was a decisive victory by a combined force of the American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington (age 49) and Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, and French Army troops led by Comte de Rochambeau over British Army troops commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis (age 42).

Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis (age 42) and Charles Gould aka Morgan 2nd Baronet (age 21) were captured.

Around 1782 Thomas Gainsborough (age 54). Portrait of Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 43).

Around 1783 Thomas Gainsborough (age 55). Portrait of Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 44).

On 01 Dec 1785 [his mother] Elizabeth Townshend Countess Cornwallis died.

1786 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1786 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 47) created new Garter Knights as follows:

601st Edward Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Kent and Strathearn (age 18),

602nd Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 14),

603rd Prince Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex (age 12),

604th Adolphus Hanover 1st Duke Cambridge (age 11),

605th William Elector of Hesse (age 42),

606th Henry Somerset 5th Duke Beaufort (age 41),

607th George Nugent Temple Grenville 1st Marquess Buckingham (age 32),

608th Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 47).

Around 1792 Arthur William Devis (age 29). Portrait of Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 53).

In 1792 Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 53) was created 1st Marquess Cornwallis. [his former wife] Jemima Tullekin Jones Marchioness Cornwallis by marriage Marchioness Cornwallis.

1795 John Singleton Copley (age 56). Portrait of Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 56).

On 17 Apr 1795 [his son] Charles Cornwallis 2nd Marquess Cornwallis (age 20) and [his daughter-in-law] Louisa Gordon Marchioness Cornwallis (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Alexander Gordon 4th Duke Gordon (age 51) and Jane Maxwell Duchess Gordon (age 47). He the son of Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 56) and Jemima Tullekin Jones Marchioness Cornwallis.

Treaty of Amiens

On 25 Mar 1802 the United Kingdom and the French Repulic signed the Treaty of Amiens bringing to an end the War of the Second Coalition. The peace laster for fifteen months only.

The Treaty was signed by:

Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 63), United Kingdom

Joseph Bonaparte (age 34), French Republic

José Nicolás de Azara, Spain

Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, Batavian Republic

On 05 Oct 1805 Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 66) died at Gauspur, Ghazipur. His son [his son] Charles Cornwallis 2nd Marquess Cornwallis (age 30) succeeded 2nd Marquess Cornwallis, 3rd Earl Cornwallis. [his daughter-in-law] Louisa Gordon Marchioness Cornwallis (age 28) by marriage Marchioness Cornwallis.

Royal Ancestors of Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis 1738-1805

Kings Wessex: Great x 21 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 18 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 22 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 19 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 11 Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 17 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 17 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 13 Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France

Ancestors of Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis 1738-1805

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Cornwallis 10 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis 11 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jane Meautys 13 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Charles Cornwallis 2nd Baron Cornwallis 11 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Ashburnham

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Ashburnham 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Beaumont 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Charles Cornwallis 3rd Baron Cornwallis 12 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Playstead

GrandFather: Charles Cornwallis 4th Baron Cornwallis 13 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Fox of Farley Wiltshire

Great x 2 Grandfather: Stephen Fox

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Fox Baroness Cornwallis

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Whittle of the City of London

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Whittle

Father: Charles Cornwallis 1st Earl Cornwallis 12 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Walter Butler 11th Earl Ormonde 4th Earl Ossory 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas Butler Viscount Thurles 10 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Helen Butler Countess Ormonde and Ossory 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Poyntz 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Poyntz 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Sydenham 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Richard Butler 1st Earl Arran 10 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Preston of Whitehill in Midlothian

Great x 3 Grandfather: Richard Preston 1st Earl Desmond

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Preston Duchess Ormonde 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas "Black Tom" Butler 10th Earl Ormonde 3rd Earl Ossory 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Butler 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Sheffield Countess Ormonde and Ossory 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

GrandMother: Charlotte Butler Baroness Cornwallis 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Ferrers of Tamworth Castle 11 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Humphrey Ferrers 12 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Ferrers 13 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John "Lusty" Pakington

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne Pakington Countess Chesterfield

Great x 4 Grandmother: Dorothy Smith

Great x 1 Grandmother: Dorothy Ferrers Countess Arran 14 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: George Carlton 11 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Dudley Carlton 12 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Anne Carlton 13 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis 11 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Townshend

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Townshend 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jane Stanhope Baroness Berkeley 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Roger Townshend 1st Baronet 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Nathaniel Bacon

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne Bacon

Great x 4 Grandmother: Anne Gresham

Great x 1 Grandfather: Horatio Townshend 1st Viscount Townsend 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

GrandFather: Charles Townshend 2nd Viscount Townsend 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Joseph Ashe 1st Baronet

Great x 1 Grandmother: Mary Ashe Viscountess Townshend

Mother: Elizabeth Townshend Countess Cornwallis 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Pelham 1st Baronet 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas Pelham 2nd Baronet 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Mary Walsingham Baroness Pelham Laughton 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Pelham 3rd Baronet 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Pelham 1st Baron Pelham of Laughton 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Robert Sidney 1st Earl of Leicester 9 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Sidney 2nd Earl of Leicester 10 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Barbara Gamage Countess Leicester 12 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Lucy Sidney Baroness Pelham Laughton 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Dorothy Percy Countess Leicester 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

GrandMother: Elizabeth Pelham Viscountess Townsend 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Richard Jones of Stowey Somerset

Great x 2 Grandfather: William Jones

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Jones