Biography of Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy 1180-1252

1216 Death of King John

1236 Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1272 Death of Henry III

Death of King John

On 19 Oct 1216 [his grandfather] King John "Lackland" of England (age 49) died at Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire [Map]. His son [his father] King Henry III of England (age 9) succeeded III King England.

John Monmouth (age 34) was present.

On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke (age 70).

King John's will is the earliest English royal will to survive in its original form. The document is quite small, roughly the size of a postcard and the seals of those who were present at the time would have been attached to it. Translation of the will taken from an article by Professor S.D. Church in the English Historical Review, June 2010:

I, John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, hindered by grave infirmity and not being able at this time of my infirmity to itemize all my things so that I may make a testament, commit the arbitration and administration of my testament to the trust and to the legitimate administration of my faithful men whose names are written below, without whose counsel, even in good health, I would have by no means arranged my testament in their presence, so that what they will faithfully arrange and determine concerning my things as much as in making satisfaction to God and to holy Church for damages and injuries done to them as in sending succour to the land of Jerusalem and in providing support to my sons towards obtaining and defending their inheritance and in making reward to those who have served us faithfully and in making distribution to the poor and to religious houses for the salvation of my soul, be right and sure. I ask, furthermore, that whoever shall give them counsel and assistance in the arranging of my testament shall receive the grace and favour of God. Whoever shall infringe their arrangement and disposition, may he incur the curse and indignation of almighty God and the blessed Mary and all the saints.

In the first place, therefore, I desire that my body be buried in the church of St Mary and St Wulfstan at Worcester. I appoint, moreover, the following arbiters and administrators: the lord Guala, by the grace of God, cardinal-priest of the title of St Martin and legate of the apostolic see; the lord Peter bishop of Winchester; the lord Richard bishop of Chichester; the lord Silvester bishop of Worcester; Brother Aimery de St-Maur; William Marshal earl of Pembroke; Ranulf earl of Chester; William earl Ferrers; William Brewer; Walter de Lacy and John of Monmouth; Savaric de Mauléon; Falkes de Bréauté.

The signatories were:

Guala Bicchieri (ca 1150 - 1227) Papal Legate.

Bishop Peter de Roches, Bishop of Winchester.

Richard le Poer (? - 1237), Bishop of Chichester.

Sylvester of Worcester, Bishop of Worcester.

Aimery de St-Maur (? -?1219), Master of the English Templars.

William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke (age 70).

Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester 1st Earl Lincoln (age 46).

William Ferrers 4th Earl of Derby (age 48).

William Brewer (? - 1226), 1st Baron Brewer.

Walter de Lacy (ca 1172-1241) Lord of Meath.

John: (1182 - 1248) Lord of Monmouth.

Savaric de Mauléon (? - 1236) Seneschal of Poitou from 1205.

Falkes de Bréauté (? - 1226) Seneschal of Cardiff Castle.

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 or 24 Jan 1236 [his father] King Henry III of England (age 28) and [his mother] Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 13) were married at Canterbury Cathedral [Map] by Archbishop Edmund Rich (age 61). She the daughter of Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 38) and Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence (age 38). He the son of King John "Lackland" of England and Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England (age 48). They were fourth cousins.

On 16 Jan 1245 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster was born to King Henry III of England (age 37) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 22) in London.

On 25 Oct 1265 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 20) was created 1st Earl of Leicester.

In 1267 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 21) was created 1st Earl Lancaster.

On 24 Jun 1268 [his brother] King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 29) took the cross at Northampton, Northamptonshire [Map], along with his brother Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 23) and cousin Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 32), from Papal Legate Ottobuono Fieschi (age 58).

In 1269 Henry I King Navarre (age 25) and [his future wife] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Robert Capet Count of Artois and Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol (age 45). He the son of Theobald IV King Navarre and Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre. They were half third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King William "Conqueror" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In 1269 Thomas Forz 5th Earl Albemarle aka Aumale died. His sister [his future wife] Aveline Forz 6th Countess Albemarle and Lancaster succeeded 6th Countess Albemarle aka Aumale1C 1127.

On 08 Apr 1269 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 24) and Aveline Forz 6th Countess Albemarle and Lancaster were married. She by marriage Countess Lancaster. She the daughter of William Forz 4th Earl Albemarle aka Aumale and Isabella Redvers 8th Countess Devon and Albemarle aka Aumale (age 31). He the son of King Henry III of England (age 61) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 46). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

Before 09 May 1271 [his brother] King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 31) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 30) sailed from Palermo and travelled to Acre arriving on 09 May 1271. They were later joined by Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 26), John "The Red" Capet I Duke Brittany (age 53) and Teobaldo Visconti Archdeacon of Liège (age 41) (who would become Pope a month later).

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 [his father] King Henry III of England (age 65) died at Westminster [Map]. His son [his brother] King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 33) succeeded I King England. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 31) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 03 Feb 1276 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 31) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Lancaster. She the daughter of Robert Capet Count of Artois and Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol (age 52). He the son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 53). They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Around 1278 [his son] Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, Earl of Salisbury and Lincoln was born to Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 32) and [his wife] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 30). He a grandson of King Henry III of England.

Around 1281 [his son] Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster was born to Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 35) and [his wife] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 33). He a grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 16 Aug 1284 Philip "The Fair" IV King France (age 16) and [his step-daughter] Joan Blois I Queen Navarre (age 11) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. She the daughter of Henry I King Navarre and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 36). He the son of Philip "Bold" III King France (age 39) and Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France. They were second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 24 Jun 1291 [his mother] Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 68) died at Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire [Map] where she was subsequently buried. Her heart was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars [Map].

On 30 Dec 1292 [his son] Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 11) and [his daughter-in-law] Maud Chaworth (age 10) were married. He the son of Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 47) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 44). He a grandson of King Henry III of England.

In 1294 [his son] Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, Earl of Salisbury and Lincoln (age 16) and [his daughter-in-law] Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, and Lancaster 5th Countess of Salisbury 5th Countess Lincoln (age 12) were married. She the daughter of Henry Lacy 4th Earl Lincoln, Earl Salisbury (age 43) and Margaret Longespée 4th Countess of Salisbury and Lincoln. He the son of Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 48) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 46). They were third cousin once removed. He a grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 05 Jun 1296 Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 51) died at Bayonne [Map]. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son [his son] Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, Earl of Salisbury and Lincoln (age 18) succeeded 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster. [his daughter-in-law] Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, and Lancaster 5th Countess of Salisbury 5th Countess Lincoln (age 14) by marriage Countess of Leicester, Countess Lancaster.

Effigy of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster. Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster

On 02 May 1302 [his former wife] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 54) died.

Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England 1133-1189

King John "Lackland" of England 1166-1216

King Henry III of England 1207-1272

Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England 1122-1204

Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Royal Ancestors of Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

Kings Wessex: Great x 6 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings England: Son of King Henry III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 4 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Royal Descendants of Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal x 1

King Henry IV of England x 1

King Henry V of England x 1

Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark x 1

Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland x 1

King Edward IV of England x 2

King Richard III of England x 2

Anne Neville Queen Consort England x 1

King Henry VII of England and Ireland x 1

Queen Anne Boleyn of England x 4

Queen Jane Seymour x 2

Catherine Parr Queen Consort England x 1

Queen Catherine Howard of England x 3

Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland x 4

President George Washington x 2

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 321

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 101

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 994

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 2

Ancestors of Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

Great x 4 Grandfather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou

Great x 3 Grandfather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

Great x 2 Grandfather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Ermengarde La Flèche De Baugency Countess Anjou

Great x 4 Grandmother: Matilda Chateau Du Loir Countess Maine

Great x 1 Grandfather: King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King William "Conqueror" I of England -2 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Empress Matilda Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

GrandFather: King John "Lackland" of England Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne

Great x 3 Grandmother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 4 Grandmother: Emma Mortain Duchess Narbonne

Great x 1 Grandmother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

Great x 2 Grandmother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 4 Grandfather: Bartholomew Île Bouchard

Great x 3 Grandmother: Dangereuse Ile Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault

Father: King Henry III of England Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Angoulême V Count Angoulême

Great x 3 Grandfather: Wulfgrin Angoulême II Count Angoulême

Great x 4 Grandmother: Vitapoy Benauges Countess Angoulême

Great x 2 Grandfather: William "Taillefer" Angoulême VI Count Angoulême

Great x 3 Grandmother: Pontia La Marche Countess Angoulême

Great x 4 Grandmother: Almodis La Marche

Great x 1 Grandfather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême

GrandMother: Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Philip "Amorous" I King France

Great x 3 Grandfather: Louis "Fat" VI King France

Great x 4 Grandmother: Bertha Gerulfing Queen Consort France

Great x 2 Grandfather: Peter Courtenay

Great x 4 Grandfather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gisela Ivrea Countess Savoy

Great x 1 Grandmother: Alice Courtenay Countess Angoulême

Great x 4 Grandfather: Miles Courtenay

Great x 3 Grandfather: Renaud Courtenay

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ermengarde of Nevers

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Courtenay

Great x 3 Grandmother: Helene du Donjon

Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona

Great x 4 Grandmother: Douce Gevaudan Countess Barcelona

Great x 2 Grandfather: Alfonso II King Aragon

Great x 4 Grandfather: Ramiro "Monk" II King Aragon

Great x 3 Grandmother: Petronilla Jiménez Queen Aragon

Great x 4 Grandmother: Agnes Poitiers Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 1 Grandfather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

Great x 2 Grandmother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 3 Grandmother: Richeza Unknown Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon

GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 2 Grandfather: Rainou of Sabran

Great x 1 Grandmother: Gersenda II Sabran Countess Provence

Mother: Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy

Great x 3 Grandfather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gisela Ivrea Countess Savoy

Great x 2 Grandfather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Mahaut Albon Countess Savoy

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

Great x 2 Grandmother: Beatrice Macon Countess Savoy

GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence

Great x 2 Grandfather: William I-Count Geneva

Great x 1 Grandmother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy