Biography of Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621

Paternal Family Tree: Seymour

Maternal Family Tree: Elizabeth Bourchier 1472-1557

1537 Birth and Christening Edward VI

1550 Peace of Boulogne

1552 Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1553 Grey and Dudley Triple Wedding

1565 Marriage of Richard Keyes and Mary Grey

1571 Triple Wedding

1591 Elizabeth's Royal Progress

In 1527 [his father] Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 27) and Catherine Filliol (age 20) were married.

Before 09 Mar 1535 [his father] Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 35) and [his mother] Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 38) were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 05 Jun 1536 [his father] Edward Seymour (age 36) was created 1st Viscount Beauchamp. See Letter 1074 and Letter 1075.

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by Bishop John Stokesley (age 62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace [Map]. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 64) and Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 21) were Godparents.

King Edward VI of England and Ireland was created Duke Cornwall, 1st Earl Chester.

Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long (age 43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex (age 52), Philip Boteler (age 45), John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 66) and John Gage (age 57) attended. Mary Scrope (age 61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 54) carried the canopy.

[his father] Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness of Exeter (age 34) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl of Arundel (age 61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton (age 48) attended.

Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 37) was created 1st Earl Hertford.

Nicholas Carew (age 41), Francis Bryan (age 47), Anthony Browne (age 37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford (age 52) surrounded the font.

Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire (age 27), Edward Neville (age 66), [his uncle] Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour (age 29), Richard Long (age 43) and John Wallop (age 47) carried the canopy.

Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton and Bishop John Bell attended.

William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton (age 47) was created 1st Earl of Southampton. Mabel Clifford Countess Southampton (age 55) by marriage Countess of Southampton.

On 22 May 1539 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford was born to Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 39) and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 42) at Wulf aka Wolf Hall, Wiltshire [Map].

In 1540 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford disinherited.

In 1545 Thomas Wharton 2nd Baron Wharton (age 25) was knighted by Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 5).

Peace of Boulogne

Diary of Edward VI. 24 Mar 1550. Peax4 concluded between Englaund, Fraunce, and Scoteland, by, on th' English side, Jhon erl of Bedford lord previ seal, lord Paget de Beaudesert, sir William Petre (age 45) secretary, and sir Jhon Mason (age 47); on the French side, monsuir de Bochepot5, mons. Chastillon,1a Guillart de Mortier,2a and Bouchetel de Sarcy,3a upon condicions, that al titles, tributs and defensis shuld remaine; that the fault of on(e) man, except he be unpunished, shuld not breake the league; that the shippes of marchaundis shal passe to and froe, that pirats shall be called bake, and shippes of warre; that prisoners shal be deliverid of both sides; that we shal not warr with Scoteland, except new occasion be gieven; that Boulein, with the pecis of new conquest, and 2 basilicus,4a 2 demy canons, 3 culvrins, 2 dimy culvrins, 3 sacres, 6 faucons, 94 hagbutes a croke with wodden tayles,5a 21 iron peces; and Lodres1b and Dunglas, with, all th' ordonaunce, saving that that cam from Hadington, shall, within six monthes after this peax proclaimed, be delivred, and for that the French to pay 200,000 scutes within three dayes after the delivery of Boullein, and 200,000 scutes on our Ladie day in harvest next ensuyng, and that if the Scottes raised Lodr. et [?]. we shuld raise Roxborough and Aymouth. For the performance of wich on the 7 of April shuld be deliveride at Guisnes and Ard thies hostagies:

2Marques de Means (age 31).1c, My lord of Soutlifolke (age 14).2c

Mons. Trimouille (age 29).1d My lord of Hertford (age 10).2d

Mons. d'Anguien (age 21).3d My lord Talbot (age 22).4d

Mons. Montmorency (age 19).5d My lord Fizwarren (age 21).6d

Mons. Henaudiere.7d My lord Matravers (age 12).8d

Vicedam de Chartres (age 28).9d My lord Straunge (age 18).10d

Note 4. The commission issued by Henry H. King of France on the 20th Jan. to his four plenipotentiaries to treat for peace is printed in Rymer, Fœdera, xv. 202, and that to the same persons for its ratification, dated 31 March, ibid. p. 220. King Edward's instructions to his commissioners are printed by Burnet, History of the Eeformation, ii. Eecords, No 49, followed (No. 50) by other articles devised in answer to certain doubts moved on the 27th Feb. The original of the latter paper is in MS. Cotton. Caligula, E. IV. (not E. I. as Burnet gives the reference) fol. 270, preceded by other original instructions, also bearing the signatures of the King and council. The treaty itself is printed in Rymer's collection, xv. 211.

Note 5. François de Montmorency (age 54), seigneur de la Rochepot, governor of the isle of France, and lieutenant-general in Picardy. He was younger brother to the constable Anne duc de Montmorency (age 57); and died in 1551. Auselme, Histoire Genealogique, iii. 603.

Note 1a. Gaspard de Coligny II. seigneur de Chatillon-sur-Loing, son of Gaspard de Coligny I. marshal of France, who died in 1541, and brother to Odet cardinal de Châtillon and François seigneur d'Andelot. He was born in 1516, and was now lieutenant-general of the Boulenois in the absence of the seigneur de la Rochepot. After the death of the seigneur d'Annebaut, in 1552, he was made admiral of France. He was afterwards still more distinguished as the chief of the Huguenots, and was one of the victims of the massacre of St. Bartholomew in 1572. Anselme, Histoire Geneal. vii. 152, 883.

Note 2a. André Guillart seigneur du Mortier, a privy councillor.

Note 3a. Guillerm Bochetel seigneur de Sassy, secretary of state and the finances, and greffier of the order of St. Michael.

Note 4a. The acquittance of the French commissioners on the receipt of the artillery and munitions here mentioned, dated the 24th March, is printed in Rymer, xv. 218. The list agrees very nearly with that given by King Edward: — "c'est assavoir, deux Gros Cannons qu'on appelle Bazehqs, deux Demys Canons, trois Coullevrines, deux Demyes Coulevrines, deux Sacres, six Faulcons, soixante quartorze Harquebuzes a crochet de bronze, quinze pieces de fer qu'on appelle Serpentines bons et mauvais, six Harquebuzes de fer a crocq, quatre barillz pouldre serpentine, septcens boulletz de fer pour demyz canons, quatre cens quatre vingtz boullets de fer pour coullevrines, quatre cens quatre vingtz douze boullets de fer pour demys coullevrines, et quatre vingtz douze boullets de fer pour sacres "Two of the "long French pieces called Basiliques" had been brought to Portsmouth, and are mentioned in a warrant addressed to sir Francis Flemming, April 2, 1550. (Council Book.)

Note 5a. The MS. is indistinct in the word "tayles" or "rayles;" but the figures are 94, instead of 74, according to the French receipt. "Hagbuttes of croke of yron" occur in an inventory of the royal artillery, 1 Edw. VI. printed in Meyrick's Critical Inquiry into Antient Armour, vol. iii. p. 11: and the croke is there explained as "the crooked part of the butt protected by iron." The hakbute, or harquebus, was "a short but heavy fire-arm whicli preceded the musket, and carried a ball of about three ounces. The stock of it greatly resembled that of a cross-bow." (Glossary in the same work.) I suspect the crook was really a rest to support it when discharged.

Note 1b. Lauder, in Scotland.

Note 2b. The French hostages were given as security for the payment of the sum of 200,000 crowns in the following August; the English as security for the restoration of the town of Boulogne to France. The custom of giving hostages during the period of a treaty for peace is one of very remote antiquity. "Jurisconsultis obsides dicuntur, qui dati sunt a populi Komani hostibus pro captivis redimendis, vel pro pace componenda." (Lexicon Antiq. Eoman.) The selection of the children of persons of high rank for this purpose may also be traced to the Roman times. Csesar mentions a resolution "Obsides nobilissimi cujusque liberos poscere." (De Bello Gall. i. 31. j The same custom may be traced existing at long intervals in subsequent ages. On the treaty with Scotland in 1139, David king of Scots gave as hostages to king Stephen the sons of five earls. (Ric. of Hexham, in Twysden's Decern Scriptores.) At the conclusion of peace between Edward II. and France in 1325, ten noble youths, who happened at the time to be wards of the Crown, were appointed to accompany the royal train. Their names were Edward de Monthermer, Bernard de la Bret, Jame le Botiller, Johan de Multon, Eobert de Ferrers, Johan Lestrange, Esteven Dabingdon, Hugh le Despenser, Donenald de Mar, and Eic. Tuyt. Each was to be attended either by a maistre or a compaignon. (Archasologia, xxxvi. 248.) On the present occasion the English hostages were all youths; but those of the French were of more advanced age. On the 28th of March the council directed "lettres to the duchesse of Suffolke to give order as the duke of Suffolke her son (being appointed to be a hostage in France) may be furnished and accompanied as to their honours and state belongeth; so as he may be beyond the seas by Easter day; and signifying his abode there not to be long, and his charges to be maintained by the Kinges Matie. The like letters to the duke of Somerset for th'earl of Hertford his son; to th'earl of Warwick for the lord Lisle (age 23) his son; to th' earl of Shrewsbury (age 50) for the lord Talbot (age 22); to the earl of Bedford for the lord Russell; to the earl of Derby for the lord Straunge (age 18); to the earl of Huntingdon for the lord Hastings; to the earl of Bath for the lord Fitzwarren; to the earl of Arundell for the lord Matravers. [Of these it will be perceived that three, the lords Lisle, Russell, and Hastings, were afterwards excused.] Letters to the lord Talbot for his speedy repayre hither by post for the same purpose. "On the 1st of April" the receiver of the Wards has warrant for CC markes to the duke of Suffolke towards his furniture into France." On the following day the Council issued a "warrant to mr. Ayleworth receiver of Devon and Cornwall for C li. to the lord Fitzwarren son to the earle of Bath, towards his furniture, being appointed one of the noblemen hostages to be sent into France. Also a warrant to mr. Wilhams for C li. to the lord Talbot, of the sales, for like purpose. Letters to the lord Cobham (age 53), deputy of Calais, to provide carriage for the stuff and other necessaryes of the hostages, with lodging. Mr. Williams had warrant for M li. to Robert Beverley for the household of the hostages, imprest of the sales. Letter to the said Beverley to defray money upon the warrant of Richard Blunt; governour of the hostages. Warrant to (blanJc) for xl li. towards the furniture of the officers of the household of the hostages, as followeth, for the Pantry, Ewry, Buttrey, Cellar, Kitchen, Pastry, and ScuUery, viij in number, according to the bill." On the xiij April the council sent "lettres to mr. Dansell to have in readiness M'M' crownes of the sunne to be sent into France to the Kinges matie hostages there, whensoever mr. Richard Blount their governour, or in his absence he that shall have the chief charge of them, shall send for the same; wherein he [Dansell] shoulde be repayd according to the value of the money." On the vij May, "a warrant to (blank) for payment of CC marks by waie of his Matie gifte towards the charges of the furniture of the erle of Hertford, appointed one of the hostaiges lately sent into Fraunce." On the iiij July "a warrant to (blank) to paie CCxlvli. xvj s. iijd. to the duke of Somerset in recompense of his charges emploied on the erle of Hertford when he was sent hostaige."

Note 1c. Francois de Lorraine (age 31), marquis de Mayenne, eldest son of Claude first duc de Guise (age 53), and brother to Mary queen of Scotland (age 7). His father died whilst he was in England on this occasion, on the 12th April, 1550. He became prince de Joinville in 1552, and grand-maitre of France in 1559. He was killed at the siege of Orleans in 1563. Anselme, Hist. Geneal. de France, iii. 486, viii. 387.

Note 2c. Charles Brandon, second duke of Suffolk (1545), who died of the sweating sickness in 1551. Two miniatures of him (one of which is incorrectly assigned to his brother) are engraved in Chamberlain's Holbein Heads. Other particulars respecting him are collected in a note to Machyn's Diary, p. 318.

Note 1d. Louis III (age 29). of the name, seigneur de la Tremouille, born in 1521. For his military services in Italy, and elsewhere, Charles IX. erected his vicomté of Thouars into a duchy in 1563. He died at the seige of Mesle in 1577. Anselme, iv. 170.

Note 2d. Edward Seymour (age 10), the Protector's (age 50) heir apparent, by his second wife Anne Stanhope (age 53); restored to the dignity of earl of Hertford by queen Elizabeth in 1559, and died in 1621. Mr. Tytler, vol. i. p. 279, has printed a letter of the duke of Somerset to lord Cobham, deputy of Calais, thanking him for letters dated 13th April 1550, whereby "we be advertised of the good health of our son the earl of Hertford, and also of his behaviour towards the company where he cometh, gaining thereby much commendation, whereof we be right glad." The duke, though no longer Protector, retained the royal "We."

Note 3d. Jean de Bourbon (age 21), comte de Soissons et d'Enghien, brother to Anthony de Bourbon (age 31) at this time duc de Vendosme and afterwards king of Navarre, and to the cardinal de Bourbon (age 26). He was bom in 1528, and died of a pistol-shot received at the battle of St. Quintin in 1557. Anselme, i. 330.

Note 4d. George Talbot (age 22), only son of the earl of Shrewsbury (age 50): he succeeded as ninth earl 1560, and died 1590.

Note 5d. François de Montmorency (age 19), eldest son of the constable Anne duc de Montmorency (age 57). He was born in 1530, and when duc de Montmorency was grand maitre and constable of France; he was elected a knight of the Garter in 1572, as his father had been in 1532. He died in 1579. Anselme, iii. 604.

Note 6d. John Bourchier (age 21), son and heir apparent of William [John] earl of Bath (age 51). He died in his father's life-time, leaving issue William, who succeeded his grandfather in 1560 [1561].

Note 7d. Jean III. seigneur d'Annebaut, only son of Claude d'Annebaut (age 55), marshal and admiral of France, by Françoise de Toumemine, baronne de la Hunaudaye, whose title he now bore. He died of wounds received at the battle of Dreux in 1562, and was the last of his ancient family. Anselme, vii. 179.

Note 8d. Henry FitzAlan (age 12), only son of the earl of Arundel (age 37), born in 1538. He also died during his father's life, in the year 1556, and the ancient earldom went in consequence to the Howards.

Note 9d. Francois de Vendome (age 28), vldame de Chartres, succeeded his father in 1526, and died in 1563, in his 38th year, or, according to other authorities, in 1560. Anselme, viii. 731.

Note 10d. Henry Stanley (age 18), son and heir apparent of the earl of Derby (age 40). He succeeded his father (age 40) as the fourth earl in 1576 [1572?], and died in 1592 [1593].

Diary of Edward VI. 25 Apr 1550. The lord Clinton (age 38) captain of Bolein [Boulogne], having sent away befor al his men saving 1800, and al his ordonnaunce saving that the treaty did reserve, issued out of the towne with these 1800, delivering it to mons. Chastillon (age 31), receiving of him the six hostagies English1, aquittaunce for delivery of the towne1a and save-conduyt to com to Cales [Map], whither when lie cam(e) he placed 1800 in the emperour's frontieres.

Note 1. These young noblemen, when released from their honourable and very agreeable duty, were desirous to prolong their stay in France, in order to visit the French court. On the 24th of April — "Mocion was made for license that our hostaiges, that is to wete, the duke of Suffolke (age 14), th'erle of Hertforde (age 10), the lorde Matraverse (age 12), the lord Talbott (age 22), the lorde Strange (age 18), and the lorde Fitzwaren (age 21), might make their repaire unto the Frenche corte to see the king, like as the French hostaiges have libertie here to come to the corte. Whereupon it was thought convenient, that, forasmuch as the appointment of the delivery of Boloigne is this present day, which being accomplissed our hostaiges must be restored home, therefore they shall not have license till the counsaill be advertised of their deliverance: that, if they go, they may go at libertie and not as hostaiges. And to that effect a lettre written to mr. Blount, requiring him immediately upon their delivery to advertise the lords here, and to lerne withall the time of the Frenche king's approche into those parties, to th'entent our younge lords may meet him as neere the confines as may be.

"April xxviij. Upon lettres receaved from my lord Clynton (age 38) and Richard Blount esquire, of the receipt of our hostaiges which are already retorned to Calays, it was agreed that, forasmuch as the French king's comyng downe into Bullonoys is uncertain, our young lords that had been hostaiges shulde immediately return home, notwithstanding their request and first determinacion that they shulde have licence to visite the French king." (Council Book.)

Note 1a. Boulogne was delivered to the seigneur de la Eochepot and the seigneur de Chastillon (age 31) on the 25th of April by the hands of Edward lord Clinton (age 38), sir Richard Cotton, and sir Leonard Beckwith: see the acquittance of the French commissioners, mentioned by King Edward, in Rymer, xv. 228; the treaty for its surrender having been concluded on the 24th March (ibid. 230).

Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

On 22 Jan 1552 [his father] Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 52) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London [Map]. Duke Somerset, Earl Hertford, Viscount Beauchamp forfeit. His great-grandson William Seymour 2nd Duke of Somerset was restored to the titles in 1660.

1553 Grey and Dudley Triple Wedding

On 25 May 1553 a triple wedding was celebrated at Durham Place, the London townhouse of John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 49), father of Guildford Dudley (age 18) and Katherine Dudley Countess Huntingdon (age 15) ...

Guildford Dudley (age 18) and Lady Jane Grey (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 36) and Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk (age 35). He the son of John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 49) and Jane Guildford Duchess Northumberland (age 44). They were third cousin once removed. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Henry Hastings 3rd Earl Huntingdon (age 18) and Katherine Dudley Countess Huntingdon (age 15) were married. She the daughter of John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 49) and Jane Guildford Duchess Northumberland (age 44). He the son of Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon (age 39) and Catherine Pole Countess Huntingdon (age 42).

Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 15) and [his future wife] Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (age 12) were married. She the daughter of Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 36) and Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk (age 35). He the son of William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 52) and Anne Parr Countess Pembroke. They were fourth cousins. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

In 1559 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 19) was created 1st Earl Hertford, 1st Baron Beauchamp of Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset.

Before 25 Dec 1560 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 21) and Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (age 20) were married in secret by an anonymous clergyman at Hertford House Canon Row. She the daughter of Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk and Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk. He the son of Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 63). He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

After 25 Dec 1560 [his wife] Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (age 20) was imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map] for having married Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 21).

In 1561 Edward Warner (age 50) was responsible for the custody of [his wife] Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (age 20) who had fallen into disgrace as a consequence of her secret marriage to Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 21).

Henry Machyn's Diary. 05 Sep 1561. The v day of September was browth to the Towre [Map] the yonge yerle of Harford (age 22) from the cowrte, a-bowtt ij of the cloke at afternone he cam in-to the Towre.

Note. P. 266. The young earl of Hertford brought to the Tower. This was on account of his marriage with lady Katharine Grey, sister to the late queen Jane. Respecting this stolen alliance see several letters in Ellis's Second Series, vol. ii. pp. 272, et seq. and Bayley's History of the Tower of London, pp. 458–460.

On 21 Sep 1561 [his son] Edward Seymour was born to Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 22) and [his wife] Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (age 21) at Tower of London [Map]. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Around 1562 John Sheffield 2nd Baron Sheffield (age 24) and [his future sister-in-law] Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield (age 20) were married. She by marriage Baroness Sheffield of Butterwick in Lincolnshire.

In 1563 [his son] Edward Seymour was born to Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 23) and [his future wife] Frances Howard Countess Hertford (age 9).

Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Feb 1563. The x day of Feybruary was browth a-bed within [the] Towre with a [his son] sune my lade [his wife] Katheryn Harfford (age 22), wyff to the yerle of Harfford (age 23), and the god-fathers wher ij warders of the Towre, and ys name was callyd Thomas.

On 10 Feb 1563 [his son] Thomas Seymour was born to Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 23) and [his wife] Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (age 22) at Tower of London [Map]. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Marriage of Richard Keyes and Mary Grey

On 19 Aug 1565 Thomas Keyes (age 41) and [his sister-in-law] Mary Grey (age 20) were married. Elizabeth Stafford (age 19) and Ursula Stafford (age 12) were witnesses. The difference in their ages was 21 years. She the daughter of Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk and Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 26 Jan 1568 [his wife] Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (age 27) died at Cockfield Hall, Suffolk.

After 26 Jan 1568. Monument at Salisbury Cathedral [Map] to Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 28) and [his former wife] Catherine Grey Countess Hertford (deceased). She placed higher than her husband on the monument given her Royal descent; she was a great gran-daughter of King Henry VII.

1571 Triple Wedding

On 16 Dec 1571 a triple wedding was celebrated at Whitehall Palace [Map] ... with Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 38) present ...

Edward Dudley 4th Baron Dudley (age 46) and [his future sister-in-law] Mary Howard Baroness Dudley (age 23) were married. She by marriage Baroness Sutton of Dudley. The difference in their ages was 23 years. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford (age 21) and Anne Cecil Countess of Oxford (age 15) were married. She by marriage Countess of Oxford. He the son of John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford and Margery Golding Countess of Oxford.

Edward Somerset 4th Earl of Worcester (age 21) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess of Worcester (age 25) were married. She by marriage Countess Worcester. She the daughter of Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon and Catherine Pole Countess Huntingdon (age 60). He the son of William Somerset 3rd Earl of Worcester (age 45) and Christina North Countess of Worcester. They were third cousin once removed.

On 20 Apr 1578 [his former sister-in-law] Mary Grey (age 33) died. Her funeral was held at Westminster Abbey [Map].

In 1582 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 42) and Frances Howard Countess Hertford (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Hertford. He the son of Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 85). He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

In or before 1584 [his brother-in-law] William aka Francis Howard (age 44) and Frances Gouldwell (age 30) were married.

After 12 Jul 1586 Richard Montpesson and [his sister-in-law] Mary Howard Baroness Dudley (age 38) were married.

On 16 Apr 1587 [his mother] Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 90) died.

In 1590 Henry Howard 2nd Viscount Howard Bindon died. In 1590 His brother [his future brother-in-law] Thomas Howard 3rd Viscount Howard Bindon succeeded 3rd Viscount Howard Bindon.

1591 Elizabeth's Royal Progress

On 22 Oct 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 58) arrived in Elvetham Hall, Hampshire [Map] where she was entertained in magnificent style by Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 52).

Around Mar 1592 Henry Prannell and [his future wife] Frances Howard Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 13) were married.

On 29 Nov 1597 Edward Stafford (age 45) and [his sister-in-law] Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield (age 55) were married. They were fourth cousins.

In 1598 [his sister-in-law] Martha Howard (age 43) died.

On 14 May 1598 [his wife] Frances Howard Countess Hertford (age 44) died.

In 1600 [his son] Edward Seymour (age 37) died.

Before 08 Aug 1600 [his son] Thomas Seymour (age 37) and [his daughter-in-law] Isabella Olney were married. He the son of Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 61) and Catherine Grey Countess Hertford. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 08 Aug 1600 [his son] Thomas Seymour (age 37) died. He was buried at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map].

On 21 Aug 1600 [his former sister-in-law] Mary Howard Baroness Dudley (age 52) died.

On 02 Sep 1600 [his former brother-in-law] William aka Francis Howard (age 60) died at Croydon, Surrey [Map].

On 27 May 1601 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 62) and Frances Howard Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 22) were married. She by marriage Countess Hertford. The difference in their ages was 39 years. He the son of Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset. They were half third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 07 Jul 1606 William Larkin (age 24) became a Freeman of Worshipful Company of Stainers under the patronage of Arabella Stewart (age 31) and Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 67).

In 1608 [his former sister-in-law] Douglas Howard Baroness Sheffield (age 66) died.

In 1611 [his brother-in-law] Thomas Howard 3rd Viscount Howard Bindon died. Viscount Howard Bindon extinct.

On 21 Jul 1612 [his son] Edward Seymour (age 50) died.

Diary of Anne Clifford 1619. 28 Apr 1619. The 28th my Lord (age 30) and I, my Coz. Sackville and Lady Windsor went to the Tower to see my Lady Somerset (age 28), where we saw her little child (age 3)1. My Lord (age 30) went to see Earl of Northumberland (age 55)2 and I and the Lady Windsor went to see Lady Shrewsbury (age 63)3, and after supper my Lord (age 30) and I went by water to Channel Row to see my Lord of Hertford (age 79)4 and his [his wife] Lady (age 40) where we found my Lady Beauchamp5, my Lord Essex’s (age 28) Sister, then I went to Arundel House and talked with her about Lords being made Knights of the Garter.

Note 1. “Her little Child,” Anne Carr (age 3), afterwards married to William 5th Earl and 1st Duke of Bedford (age 2).

Note 2. Henry (age 55), 6th Earl, a Prisoner since the time of the Gunpowder Plot.

Note 3. Mary Cavendish (age 63), wife of Gilbert 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, was sent to the Tower in June 1611, at the same time with her niece the Lady Arabella Stuart first cousin of King James. Lady Arabella died, in the Tower, in 1615.

Note 4. Earl of Hertford (age 79) son of Protector Somerset, and his 3rd wife Frances (age 40), d. of Thomas Viscount Howard of Bindon, widow of Henry Pranell, Esq., and married, 3rdly to Ludovick Stuart Duke of Lenox and Richmond (age 44).

Note 5. Lady Frances Devereux (age 19), and wife of William Lord Beauchamp (age 31), afterwards Marquis of Hertford; daughter of Queen Elizabeth’s favourite, and sister of the Parliament’s General (age 28).

On 06 Apr 1621 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 81) died. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral [Map].

On 16 Jun 1621 Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond (age 46) and [his former wife] Frances Howard Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 42) were married. She by marriage Duchess Lennox. He the son of Esme Stewart 1st Duke Lennox and Catherine Balsac Duchess Lennox.

On 08 Oct 1639 [his former wife] Frances Howard Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 61) died at Exeter House [Map]. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

George Bourchier and Martha Howard were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years. He the son of John Bourchier 2nd Earl Bath and Eleanor Manners Countess Bath. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

[his son] Edward Seymour and Honora Rogers were married. He the son of Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford and Catherine Grey Countess Hertford. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Royal Ancestors of Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 12 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 18 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 13 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 11 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 7 Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France

Royal Descendants of Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 1

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 2

Ancestors of Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 1539-1621

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Seymour 9 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Seymour 10 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud Esturney

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Seymour 11 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Williams

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Seymour 12 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Coker

GrandFather: John Seymour 9 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Darell

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Darell

Great x 2 Grandfather: George Darell of Littlecote

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Darell 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Stourton 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Stourton 1st Baron Stourton 6 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Stourtron 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Father: Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Wentworth

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Wentworth

Great x 4 Grandmother: Agnes Dronsfield

Great x 2 Grandfather: Philip Wentworth 8 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Philip Despencer 2nd Baron Despencer 8 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Margery Despencer 3rd Baroness Despencer, Baroness Ros 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Tiptoft Baroness Despencer 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Henry Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Clifford 6th Baron Clifford 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Ros Baroness Clifford 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Mary Clifford Baroness Despencer 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry "Hotspur" Percy 3 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

GrandMother: Margery Wentworth 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Saye 7 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Saye 7 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Boteler Baroness Ferrers Wem 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Saye 8 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Anne Saye Baroness Despencer 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Cheney

Great x 3 Grandfather: Lawrence Cheney

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Cheney 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Cockayne

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Cockayne 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ida Grey 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Stanhope

Great x 3 Grandfather: Richard Stanhope

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Stanhope

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Stanhope

GrandFather: Edward Stanhope

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Jerningham

Great x 1 Grandmother: Margaret or Mary Jerningham

Great x 4 Grandfather: Gervase Clifton

Great x 3 Grandfather: Gervase Clifton

Great x 2 Grandmother: Isabel Clifton

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Finch

Mother: Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Bourchier

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Bourchier 1st Count Eu

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Louvaine

Great x 2 Grandfather: William Bourchier Baron Fitzwarin Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Countess Eu and Stafford Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Bohun Duchess Gloucester 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Fulk Bourchier 10th Baron Fitzwarin 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Hankford

Great x 3 Grandfather: Richard Hankford

Great x 2 Grandmother: Thomasine Hankford 9th Baroness Fitzwarin 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Fulk Fitzwarin 6th Baron Fitzwarin 9 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Fitzwarin 8th Baroness Fitzwarin 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

GrandMother: Elizabeth Bourchier 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England