Biography of Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey 1444-1497

Paternal Family Tree: Tilney

Maternal Family Tree: Emma de Dinan 1136-1208

1465 Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

1471 Battle of Barnet

1483 Richard III Rewards his Supporters

1495 Edward IV's Daughter's Marriages

1541 Executions

In or before 1444 Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey was born to Frederick Tilney (age 27) and Elizabeth Cheney (age 21) at Ashwellthorpe Hall.

Before 1445 [her father] Frederick Tilney (age 29) and [her mother] Elizabeth Cheney (age 22) were married.

In 1445 [her father] Frederick Tilney (age 29) died at Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk.

After 1445 [her step-father] John Saye (age 15) and [her mother] Elizabeth Cheney (age 22) were married. They were fourth cousins.

In 1463 Henry Neville (age 26) and [her future sister-in-law] Joan Bourchier (age 21) were married. He was buried in the Beauchamp Chapel, St Mary's Church, Warwick [Map]. They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 28) was crowned Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 47) at Westminster Abbey [Map].

King Edward IV of England (age 23) attended.

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 23), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 25), Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers (age 12) and William Calthorpe (age 55) were created Knight of the Bath.

Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 21) carried her train.

Judge Richard Choke (age 45) was created Knight of the Bath.

In 1466 Humphrey Bourchier (age 31) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 22) were married. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

After 1466 Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 22) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 29).

Around 1467 [her son] John Bourchier 2nd Baron Berners was born to [her husband] Humphrey Bourchier (age 32) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 23). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Around 1468 [her daughter] Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan was born to [her husband] Humphrey Bourchier (age 33) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 24) at Beningborough North Yorkshire. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

In 1470 [her daughter] Anne Bourchier Baroness Dacre of Gilsland was born to [her husband] Humphrey Bourchier (age 35) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 26). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 19 Mar 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles and [her sister-in-law] Elizabeth Bourchier Baroness Willoughby of Eresby were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 02 Oct 1470 [her sister-in-law] Elizabeth Bourchier Baroness Willoughby of Eresby died. She was buried at Whitefriars Doncaster [Map].

On 07 Oct 1470 [her sister-in-law] Joan Bourchier (age 28) died.

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (age 28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by his brothers George (age 21) and Richard (age 18), John Babington (age 48), Wiliam Hastings (age 40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys (age 30), William Parr (age 37), John Savage (age 49), William Bourchier Viscount Bourchier (age 41), Thomas St Leger (age 31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley, 3rd Baron Tuchet (age 45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh (age 40), John Scott Comptroller (age 48) and Thomas Strickland.

The Yorkists William Blount (age 29), Humphrey Bourchier (age 40), [her husband] Humphrey Bourchier (age 36), Henry Stafford (age 46) and Thomas Parr were killed.

The Lancastrians ...

Warwick the Kingmaker (age 42) was killed. Earl Salisbury forfeit on the assumption he was attainted either before or after his death; the date of his attainder is unknown. If not attainted the Earldom may be in abeyance. Baron Montagu and Baron Montagu abeyant between his two daughters Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence (age 19) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 14).

John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 40) was killed. Marquess Montagu extinct. He was buried at Bisham Abbey [Map].

William Tyrrell was killed.

William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele (age 43) was killed. His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele (age 25) succeeded 3rd Baron Saye and Sele. Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele.

Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford (age 46) and John Paston (age 27) were wounded, John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 28) commanded, and John Paston (age 29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 33) fought.

Robert Harleston (age 36) was killed.

Thomas Hen Salusbury (age 62) was killed.

Thomas Tresham (age 51) escaped but was subsequently captured and executed on 06 May 1471.

On 30 Sep 1472 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 29) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 28) were married. He the son of John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 47) and Katherine Moleyns. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

In 1473 [her son] Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 30) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 29).

On 25 Sep 1473 [her mother] Elizabeth Cheney (age 51) died and was buried in Broxbourne, Hertfordshire [Map].

Before 1474 Edmund Gorges (age 20) and [her sister-in-law] Anne Howard (age 27) were married. She the daughter of John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 48) and Katherine Moleyns. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

In 1474 [her sister-in-law] Anne Howard (age 28) died in Wraxall, Somerset [Map].

On 16 May 1474 [her former father-in-law] John Bourchier 1st Baron Berners (age 58) died. His grandson [her son] John Bourchier 2nd Baron Berners (age 7) succeeded 2nd Baron Berners.

In 1476 [her son] Edward Howard was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 33) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 32).

In or before 1478 Robert Mortimer (age 36) and [her sister-in-law] Isabella Howard (age 28) were married. She the daughter of John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 52) and Katherine Moleyns. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Around 1478 [her son] Edmund Howard was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 35) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 34).

In or after 1479 [her son] John Howard was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 36) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 35).

In or after 1479 [her son] Richard Howard was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 36) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 35).

In or after 1479 [her son] Henry Howard was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 36) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 35).

In or after 1479 [her son] Charles Howard was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 36) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 35).

In 1480 [her daughter] Elizabeth Howard Countess of Wiltshire and Ormonde was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 37) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 36).

In 1481 [her sister-in-law] Jane Howard (age 31) died.

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 05 Jul 1483 [her father-in-law] John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk by King Richard III of England (age 30). Margaret Chedworth Duchess Norfolk (age 47) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

His son [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 40) was created 1st Earl Surrey. Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 39) by marriage Countess Surrey.

William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham.

John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 57) were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk who had been married to Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke of York (age 9).

Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473-'s father King Edward IV of England had legislated that in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance; she died in 1481.

Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 27) was created 1st Viscount Lovell. Anne Fitzhugh Viscountess Lovell by marriage Viscountess Lovell. [Note. Some sources place his created on 01 Jan 1483 although the source for that is unknown. ]

In 1484 [her sister-in-law] Margaret Howard (age 39) died.

In 1485 [her daughter] Muriel Howard Viscountess Lisle was born to [her husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 42) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 41).

After 1486 Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 42) was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber to Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (age 19).

Before 13 May 1490 [her son] John Bourchier 2nd Baron Berners (age 23) and [her daughter-in-law] Katherine Howard Baroness Berners were married. She by marriage Baroness Berners. She the daughter of John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk and Margaret Chedworth Duchess Norfolk (age 54). He the son of Humphrey Bourchier and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 46). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

In 1492 [her son-in-law] Thomas Fiennes 8th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 20) and [her daughter] Anne Bourchier Baroness Dacre of Gilsland (age 22) were married. She by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland. She the daughter of Humphrey Bourchier and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 48). He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Edward IV's Daughter's Marriages

On 04 Feb 1495 [her son] Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 22) and [her daughter-in-law] Anne York (age 19) were married. She the daughter of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England. He the son of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 52) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 51).

On 04 Apr 1497 Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 53) died.

On 17 Aug 1497 [her former husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 54) and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk (age 20) were married some four months after the death of his first wife. She by marriage Countess Surrey. She, Agnes, was a first cousin of his former wife Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey for which he was given dispensation on 17 Aug 1497. The difference in their ages was 34 years. He the son of John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 21 May 1524 [her former husband] Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 81) died at Framlingham Castle, Suffolk [Map]. He was buried at Thetford Priory, Norfolk [Map] and subsequently reburied at the Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham [Map]. His son [her son] Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 51) succeeded 3rd Duke Norfolk, 2nd Earl Surrey. Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk (age 27) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

1541 Executions

Letters and Papers 1541. 02 Jul 1541. 954. Chapuys (age 51) to the Queen of Hungary.

Almost immediately after Chapuys's return the King (age 50) gave the people of Dunkirk permission to buy here a quantity of wood for their own use for curing herrings, and he has frequently reminded Chapuys of the favor, saying he was surprised that the town had not sent a deputation to say how much wood they required. The deputation has arrived, and now, after being kept 13 days without an answer, they have been told that it is mere loss of time to solicit such things till the Queen has promised to release the harness, copper, and war ammunition purchased by the King some time ago at Antwerp.

On St. Peter's eve lord Leonard (deceased), uncle of the Marquis of Osceter (age 24) (Dorset) and of the Chancellor's (age 53) wife, was beheaded in front of the Tower [Map]. Hears he was accused of letting his nephew (age 16), the young Earl of Kildare, escape to France and thence to Liege.

That afternoon two gentlemen were hung, one of whom had an income of over 12,000 ducats a year, and was the handsomest and best bred man in England [Note. Not clear as to who this is? If anyone has information on the identity of this person I'd be grateful if they would email Christopher Smith.], only 25 years old and married to a niece of the [her son] Duke of Norfolk (age 68). He was sentenced for having belonged to a set of eight rakish youths, one of whom had killed a poor old man in an unpremeditated fray. For the same cause lord Dacres (deceased) also, son1 of the Duke of Norfolk's (age 68) [her daughter] sister, and cousin of this Queen (age 18), 23 years old and possessing a property of about 5,000 ducats a year, was hung from the most ignominious gibbet, and for greater shame dragged through the streets to the place of execution, to the great pity of many people, and even of his very judges, who wept when they sentenced him, and in a body asked his pardon of the King. But the thing which astonished people most was, that, the same day lord Dacres was hung, another young man (age 28), son of the Treasurer of the Royal household (age 56), who was one of those present at the old man's death, was freely pardoned, though he had been already tried for some like misdemeanour.

At the same time in the North, Sir John Neville (deceased) and about 60 more, among whom at least 25 were ecclesiastics, were executed for the conspiracy of which Chapuys wrote some time ago. Has just heard of the arrival of a Polish gentleman with eight or ten servants. Will endeavour to discover who he is and what he comes for. London, 2 July 1541. Original at Vienna.

Note 1. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland (deceased), Lord Dacre, was the grandson of Anne Bourchier Baroness Dacre of Gilsland who was the maternal half-sister of Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 68); Anne and Thomas' mother was Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey.

John Wyndham and Margaret Howard were married. She the daughter of John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk and Katherine Moleyns. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Royal Ancestors of Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey 1444-1497

Kings Wessex: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 8 Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 19 Grand Daughter of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Royal Descendants of Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey 1444-1497

Queen Anne Boleyn of England x 1

Queen Catherine Howard of England x 1

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 10

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 2

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 39

Ancestors of Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey 1444-1497

Great x 3 Grandfather: Frederick Tilney

Great x 2 Grandfather: Philip Tilney

Great x 1 Grandfather: Frederick Tilney

GrandFather: Philip Tilney

Father: Frederick Tilney

Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Cheney

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Cheney

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Shurland

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Henry Cheney

Great x 1 Grandfather: William Cheney

GrandFather: Lawrence Cheney

Mother: Elizabeth Cheney 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Cockayne

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Cockayne

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Cockayne

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Cockayne

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Vernon

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Vernon

Great x 2 Grandmother: Cecilia Vernon

GrandMother: Elizabeth Cockayne 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Grey 1st Baron Grey Ruthyn 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud Basset Baroness Grey Wilton 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Reginald Grey 2nd Baron Grey Ruthyn 7 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Hastings 13th Baron Bergavenny 1st Baron Hastings 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Hastings Baroness Grey Ruthyn 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Ida Grey 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Strange 2nd Baron Strange Blackmere 3 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eleanor Giffard Baroness Strange Blackmere 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Alianore Strange Baroness Grey Ruthyn 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Ankaret Boteler Baroness Strange Blackmere 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ela Herdeburgh Baroness Wem and Oversley 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England