Biography of Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis 1611-1662

Paternal Family Tree: Cornwallis

Before 1608 [his father] William Cornwallis (age 59) and Lucy Neville (age 58) were married.

In 1609 [his father] William Cornwallis (age 60) and [his mother] Jane Meautys (age 28) were married. The difference in their ages was 32 years.

On 14 Mar 1611 Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis was born to William Cornwallis (age 62) and Jane Meautys (age 30).

On 13 Nov 1611 [his father] William Cornwallis (age 62) died.

On 01 May 1614 [his step-father] Nathaniel Bacon (age 29) and [his mother] Jane Meautys (age 33) were married.

In Jan 1631 Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis (age 19) and Elizabeth Ashburnham (age 18) were married. After the wedding King Charles I (age 30), Henrietta Maria (age 21) and Susan Feilding, Countess of Denbigh (age 48) wrote to congratulate his mother Jane, Baroness Cornwallis Bacon (age 50), and ask her to forgive him for his disobedience and return him to her favour. Denbigh said Ashburnham was her cousin "though her family be unfortunate".

In 1632 [his son] Charles Cornwallis 2nd Baron Cornwallis was born to Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis (age 20) and [his wife] Elizabeth Ashburnham (age 19).

On 04 Feb 1633 [his wife] Elizabeth Ashburnham (age 20) died.

After 1643 Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis (age 31) and Elizabeth Crofts were married.

Before 28 Dec 1655 [his son] Charles Cornwallis 2nd Baron Cornwallis (age 23) and [his daughter-in-law] Margaret Playstead were married.

In 1658 [his brother-in-law] William Crofts 1st Baron Crofts (age 47) was created 1st Baron Crofts of Saxham and probably as a consequence of having been given charge of Charle's illegitimate son James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch (age 8) whose mother Lucy Walter (age 28) had died.

On 08 May 1659 [his mother] Jane Meautys (age 78) died.

1661 John Michael Wright (age 43). Portrait of Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis (age 49).

Coronation of Charles II

Evelyn's Diary. 22 Apr 1661. Was the splendid cavalcade of his Majesty (age 30) from the Tower of London to Whitehall, when I saw him in the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace [Map] create six Earls, and as many Barons, viz:

Edward Lord Hyde, Lord Chancellor (age 52), Earl of Clarendon; supported by the Earls of Northumberland (age 58) and Sussex (age 14); the Earl of Bedford (age 44) carried the cap and coronet, the Earl of Warwick (age 46), the sword, the Earl of Newport (age 64), the mantle.

Next, was Capel, created Earl of Essex.

Brudenell, Cardigan;.

Valentia, Anglesea;.

Greenvill, Bath;.

Howard, Earl of Carlisle.

The Barons were: Denzille Holles; Cornwallis; Booth; Townsend; Cooper; Crew; who were led up by several Peers, with Garter and officers of arms before them; when, after obedience on their several approaches to the throne, their patents were presented by Garter King-at-Arms, which being received by the Lord Chamberlain (age 59), and delivered to his Majesty (age 30), and by him to the Secretary of State, were read, and then again delivered to his Majesty (age 30), and by him to the several Lords created; they were then robed, their coronets and collars put on by his Majesty (age 30), and they were placed in rank on both sides of the state and throne; but the Barons put off their caps and circles, and held them in their hands, the Earls keeping on their coronets, as cousins to the King (age 30).

I spent the rest of the evening in seeing the several archtriumphals built in the streets at several eminent places through which his Majesty (age 30) was next day to pass, some of which, though temporary, and to stand but one year, were of good invention and architecture, with inscriptions.

Notes:

Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex (age 29) was created 1st Earl Essex. Elizabeth Percy Countess Essex (age 25) by marriage Countess Essex.

Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan (age 78) was created 1st Earl Cardigan. Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan by marriage Countess Cardigan.

Arthur Annesley 1st Earl Annesley (age 46) was created 1st Earl Anglesey, 1st Baron Annesley Newport Pagnell Buckinghamshire. Elizabeth Altham Countess Anglesey (age 41) by marriage Countess Anglesey.

John Granville 1st Earl Bath (age 32) was created 1st Earl Bath.

Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle (age 32) was created 1st Earl Carlisle.

Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles (age 61) was created 1st Baron Holles. Jane Shirley Baroness Holles by marriage Baroness Holles.

Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis (age 50) was created 1st Baron Cornwallis.

George Booth 1st Baron Delamer (age 38) was created 1st Baron Delamer. Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer (age 39) by marriage Baroness Delamer.

Horatio Townshend 1st Viscount Townsend (age 30) was created 1st Baron Townshend of Lynn Regis in Norfolk.

Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury (age 39) was created 1st Baron Ashley of Wimborne St Giles.

Pepy's Diary. 23 Apr 1661. And a Generall Pardon also was read by the Lord Chancellor (age 52), and meddalls flung up and down by my Lord Cornwallis (age 50), of silver, but I could not come by any. But so great a noise that I could make but little of the musique; and indeed, it was lost to every body. But I had so great a lust to.... that I went out a little while before the King had done all his ceremonies, and went round the Abbey to Westminster Hall [Map], all the way within rayles, and 10,000 people, with the ground covered with blue cloth; and scaffolds all the way. Into the Hall I got, where it was very fine with hangings and scaffolds one upon another full of brave ladies; and my wife in one little one, on the right hand. Here I staid walking up and down, and at last upon one of the side stalls I stood and saw the King come in with all the persons (but the soldiers) that were yesterday in the cavalcade; and a most pleasant sight it was to see them in their several robes. And the King came in with his crown on, and his sceptre in his hand, under a canopy borne up by six silver staves, carried by Barons of the Cinque Ports1, and little bells at every end. And after a long time, he got up to the farther end, and all set themselves down at their several tables; and that was also a brave sight: and the King's first course carried up by the Knights of the Bath.

Note 1. Pepys was himself one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at the Coronation of James II.

In Jan 1662 Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis (age 50) died of apoplexy. His son [his son] Charles Cornwallis 2nd Baron Cornwallis (age 30) succeeded 2nd Baron Cornwallis.

Pepy's Diary. 16 Jan 1662. Towards Cheapside; and in Paul's Churchyard saw the funeral of my Lord Cornwallis (deceased), late Steward of the King's House, a bold profane talking man, go by, and thence I to the Paynter's (age 53), and there paid him £6 for the two pictures, and 36s. for the two frames. From thence home, and Mr. Holliard (age 53) and my brother Tom (age 28) dined with me, and he did give me good advice about my health.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Jul 1668. So home and to my office, and then to walk in the garden, and home to supper and to bed. They say the King of France (age 29) is making a war again, in Flanders, with the King of Spain (age 6); the King of Spain (age 6) refusing to give him all that he says was promised him in the treaty. Creed told me this day how when the King (age 38) was at my Lord Cornwallis's when he went last to Newmarket, Suffolk, that being there on a Sunday, the Duke of Buckingham (age 40) did in the afternoon to please the King (age 38) make a bawdy sermon to him out of Canticles, and that my Lord Cornwallis did endeavour to get the King (age 38) a whore, and that must be a pretty girl the daughter of the parson of the place, but that she did get away, and leaped off of some place and killed herself, which if true is very sad.

Royal Ancestors of Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis 1611-1662

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 15 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 21 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 16 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 11 Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 13 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 15 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 16 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Ancestors of Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis 1611-1662

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Cornwallis

GrandFather: Thomas Cornwallis

Father: William Cornwallis 10 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Jerningham

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edward Jerningham

Great x 4 Grandfather: Gervase Clifton

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Clifton

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Finch

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Jerningham

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Bedingfield

Great x 3 Grandfather: Edmund Bedingfield

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Bedingfield

Great x 4 Grandfather: Ralph Shelton

Great x 3 Grandmother: Alice Shelton

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Clere

GrandMother: Anne Jerningham 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Nicholas Drury

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Drury of Hawstead in Suffolk

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Drury

Great x 1 Grandmother: Bridget Drury 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Calthorpe 8 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Calthorpe 9 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Anne Calthorpe 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Miles Stapleton of Ightham in Norfolk

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Stapleton 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Katherine de la Pole 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis 11 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

GrandFather: Hercules Meautys

Mother: Jane Meautys 13 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Philip Cooke

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Cooke of Gidea Hall

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Belnap

Great x 2 Grandfather: Anthony Cooke

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Saunders of Banbury in Oxfordshire

Great x 3 Grandmother: Alice Saunders

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jane Spencer

Great x 1 Grandfather: Richard Cooke 11 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzwilliam 8 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Fitzwilliam 9 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Anne Fitzwilliam 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

GrandMother: Philippa Cooke 12 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Anne Caunton