Biography of Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke and Buckingham 1145-1188

1266 Battle of Chesterfield

1271 Murder of Henry of Almain

In or before 1218 Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford (age 38) and [his mother] Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford (age 17) were married. She by marriage Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford. The difference in their ages was 20 years. She the daughter of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke (age 71) and Isabel Clare Countess Pembroke (age 45). He the son of Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford and Amice Fitzrobert Countess Hertford. They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

In 1225 [his father] Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 15) was created 1st Earl Cornwall.

On 02 Nov 1235 Henry "Almain" Cornwall was born to Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 26) and Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford (age 35). He a grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 17 Jan 1240 [his mother] Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford (age 39) died.

On 23 Nov 1243 [his father] Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 34) and [his step-mother] Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany (age 15) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. She by marriage Countess Cornwall. She the daughter of Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 45) and Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence (age 45). He the son of King John "Lackland" of England and Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England (age 55). They were fourth cousins.

On 23 Mar 1260 Alfonso Barcelona (age 31) and [his future wife] Constance Béarn were married. He died three days later. He the son of James I King Aragon (age 52) and Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon. He a great grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Battle of Chesterfield

On 15 May 1266 Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 30) and John Warenne 6th Earl of Surrey (age 35) fought for the King at Chesterfield [Map] during the Battle of Chesterfield. Henry Hastings (age 31), John Clinton, Roger Mandeville, John Eyvil, Baldwin Wake (age 28) all fought on the rebel side. The rebel Robert Ferrers 6th Earl of Derby (age 27) was captured.

On 24 Jun 1268 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 29) took the cross at Northampton, Northamptonshire [Map], along with his brother Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 23) and cousin Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 32), from Papal Legate Ottobuono Fieschi (age 58).

On 05 May 1269 Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 33) and Constance Béarn were married at Windsor Castle [Map]. He the son of Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 60) and Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford. He a grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 16 Jun 1269 [his father] Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 60) and Beatrice Falkenburg Countess Cornwall were married at Kaiserslautern. She by marriage Countess Cornwall. He the son of King John "Lackland" of England and Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England.

In 1270 Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 34) repudiated [his wife] Constance Béarn.

Murder of Henry of Almain

On 13 Mar 1271 Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 35) was murdered while attending mass at the Chiesa di San Silvestro Viterbo Lazio by his cousins Simon "Younger" Montfort and Guy Montfort Count Nola (age 27) in revenge for the deaths of their father Simon and older brother Henry at the Battle of Evesham.

The murder was carried out in the presence of the Cardinals, who were conducting a papal Election, King Philip III of France (age 25), and King Charles of Sicily (age 43). The Montfort brothers were excommunicated

The deed is mentioned by Dante Alighieri some forty years after in the Divine Comedy who placed Guy de Montfort in the seventh circle of hell. Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 35) was buried in Hailes Abbey [Map].

New Chronicle by Villani Chapter 39. 13 Mar 1271. And now we return to our chief subject — how was slain Count Henry, earl of Cornwall (age 35), brother [cousin] of King Edward, in revenge for this, as we said before. The court was greatly disturbed, giving much blame therefor to King Charles, who ought not to have suffered this if he knew thereof, and if he did not know it he ought not to have let it go unavenged. But the said Count Guy (age 27), being provided with a company of men-at-arms on horse and on foot, was not content only with having done the said murder; forasmuch as a cavalier asked him what he had done, and he replied, “J’ai fait ma vangeance,” [I took my revenge] and that cavalier said, “Comment? Votre père fut trainé;” [How? Your father was dragged] and immediately he returned to the church, and took Henry by the hair, and dead as he was, he dragged him vilely without the church; and when he had done the said sacrilege and homicide, he departed from Viterbo, and came safe and sound into Maremma to the lands of Count Rosso, his father-in-law. By reason of the death of the said Henry, Edward, his brother, very wrathful and indignant against King Charles, departed from Viterbo, and came with his followers through Tuscany, and abode in Florence, and knighted many citizens, giving them horses and all knightly accoutrements very nobly, and then he came into England, and set the heart of his said brother in a golden cup upon a pillar at the head of London Bridge over the river Thames, to keep the English in mind of the outrage sustained. For the which thing, Edward, after he became king, was never friendly towards King Charles, nor to his folk. After like manner, Philip, king of France, departed with his folk, and came and dwelt many days in Florence; and when he was come into France, he buried the body of the good King Louis, his father with great honour, and had himself crowned with great solemnity at Rheims.

Divine Comedy Canto 12. Then I turned me to the Poet, and he said, "Let him now be first, and I second." A little further on the Centaur stopped above some folk who far as the throat were seen to issue from that boiling stream. He showed to us at one side a solitary shade, and said, "He cleft, in the bosom of God, the heart that still is honored on the Thames."1 Then I saw folk, who out of the stream held their head, and even all their chest; and of these I recognized many. Thus ever more and more shallow became that blood, until it cooked only the feet: and here was our passage of the foss.

Note 1. In 1271, Prince Henry, son of Richard of Cornwall, was stabbed during the mass, in a church at Viterbo, by Guy of Montfort, to avenge the death of his father, Simon, Earl of Leicester, in 1261. The heart of the young Prince was placed in a golden cup, as Villani (vii. 39) reports, on a column, at the head of a bridge in London.

After 13 Mar 1271 Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 35) was buried at Reading Abbey, Berkshire [Map].

Letters. 1279. Letter XVI. [his former wife] Constance Widow of Henry of Germany, the Nephew of Henry III to Edward I (age 39).

To the most serene prince, and, if it please him, her dearest lord, Edward, by God's grace king of England, lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine, his humble and devoted Constance, relict of the late noble man Henry of Germany, wishes health, and commends herself with devoted obsequiousness and honour.

Be it known to your excellency, that for some time last past I have not dared, through fear of you to write to your highness, nor to signify anything to you, whereof of good cause I grieved, and was beyond measure distressed at heart. But now, by the leave and counsel of the Lord Bishop of Bath (age 40), and Lord Otho de Grandison (age 41), I have dared to write to you, which gives me all possible joy, supplicating your royal majesty that you will deign diligently to search out and inquire the truth from the said lord bishop and Sir Otho concerning my estate, and about all things which have hitherto been done and at tempted about me; for they, if they choose, can for the most part certify you as to the premises. Yet I much desire, and long above all things, that I could speak face to face with your highness about my estate and other things concerning me. Wherefore I pray your lordship, as affectionately and humbly as I can, by that dear love which by your favour you were wont to bear me, and still bear as I hope, that if it would please you that I might come to your highness, you will command my lord and father (age 54), when he shall be in England, to send for me by his letters. And I believe he will do it willingly, if you will command or advise it. Please it your highness to give credence to our dear and trusty clerk, Master William R., of Miremont, the present bearer, in reference to the premises and all other things which he will say to you on our behalf. May the Most High long preserve your person and dominions, and give you increase of favour and honour!

In 1310 [his former wife] Constance Béarn died.

Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England 1133-1189

King John "Lackland" of England 1166-1216

Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England 1122-1204

Royal Ancestors of Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271

Kings Wessex: Great x 6 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings England: Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 4 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Ancestors of Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271

Great x 4 Grandfather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou

Great x 3 Grandfather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

Great x 2 Grandfather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Ermengarde La Flèche De Baugency Countess Anjou

Great x 4 Grandmother: Matilda Chateau Du Loir Countess Maine

Great x 1 Grandfather: King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King William "Conqueror" I of England -2 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Empress Matilda Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

GrandFather: King John "Lackland" of England Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne

Great x 3 Grandmother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 4 Grandmother: Emma Mortain Duchess Narbonne

Great x 1 Grandmother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

Great x 2 Grandmother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 4 Grandfather: Bartholomew Île Bouchard

Great x 3 Grandmother: Dangereuse Ile Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault

Father: Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Angoulême V Count Angoulême

Great x 3 Grandfather: Wulfgrin Angoulême II Count Angoulême

Great x 4 Grandmother: Vitapoy Benauges Countess Angoulême

Great x 2 Grandfather: William "Taillefer" Angoulême VI Count Angoulême

Great x 3 Grandmother: Pontia La Marche Countess Angoulême

Great x 4 Grandmother: Almodis La Marche

Great x 1 Grandfather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême

GrandMother: Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Philip "Amorous" I King France

Great x 3 Grandfather: Louis "Fat" VI King France

Great x 4 Grandmother: Bertha Gerulfing Queen Consort France

Great x 2 Grandfather: Peter Courtenay

Great x 4 Grandfather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gisela Ivrea Countess Savoy

Great x 1 Grandmother: Alice Courtenay Countess Angoulême

Great x 4 Grandfather: Miles Courtenay

Great x 3 Grandfather: Renaud Courtenay

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ermengarde of Nevers

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Courtenay

Great x 3 Grandmother: Helene du Donjon

Henry "Almain" Cornwall Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Gilbert Giffard

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Fitzgilbert

GrandFather: William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke

Great x 1 Grandmother: Sybil of Salisbury

Great x 2 Grandmother: Sybilla Chaworth Baroness Chitterne

Mother: Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard de Clare

Great x 3 Grandfather: Gilbert de Clare

Great x 4 Grandmother: Rohese Giffard

Great x 2 Grandfather: Gilbert de Clare 1st Earl Pembroke

Great x 4 Grandfather: Hugh Claremont

Great x 3 Grandmother: Adeliza Claremont

Great x 1 Grandfather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger "Bearded" Beaumont

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Beaumont 1st Earl of Leicester Count Meulan

Great x 4 Grandmother: Adeline Meulan

Great x 2 Grandmother: Isabel Beaumont Countess Pembroke

Great x 4 Grandfather: Hugh "Great" Capet

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Capet Countess Leicester, Meulan and Surrey

Great x 4 Grandmother: Adelaide I Countess Vermandois

GrandMother: Isabel Clare Countess Pembroke

Great x 2 Grandfather: Diarmait Macmurrough

Great x 1 Grandmother: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke and Buckingham