Biography of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403

Paternal Family Tree: Reginar aka Percy

Maternal Family Tree: Clemence Roches Countess Blois

1388 Battle of Otterburn

1402 Battle of Homildon Hill

1403 Battle of Shrewsbury

In 1358 [his father] Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 16) and [his mother] Margaret Neville (age 28) were married. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 20 May 1364 Henry "Hotspur" Percy was born to Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 22) and Margaret Neville (age 35) at Alnwick Castle [Map]. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 18 May 1368 [his grandfather] Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy (age 47) died at Alnwick Castle [Map]. He was buried at Alnwick Abbey [Map]. His son [his father] Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 26) succeeded 4th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 12th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. [his mother] Margaret Neville (age 39) by marriage Baroness Percy of Alnwick.

On 12 May 1372 [his mother] Margaret Neville (age 43) died.

In 1377 [his father] Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 35) was created 1st Earl of Northumberland.

In 1381 [his father] Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 39) and [his step-mother] Maud Lacy Countess Northumberland (age 38) were married. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England.

In 1388 Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 23) was appointed 77th Knight of the Garter by King Richard II of England (age 20).

Froissart. Before 05 Aug 1388. As at that time the earl of Northumberland and the other lords and knights of that country knew nothing of their coming. When tidings came to Newcastle and to Durham that the Scots were abroad, and that they might well see by the fires and smoke abroad in the country, the [his father] earl (age 46) sent to Newcastle his two sons [Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 24) and [his brother] Ralph Percy (age 29)] and sent commandment to every man to draw to Newcastle, saying to his sons: 'Ye shall go to Newcastle and all the country shall assemble there, and I shall tarry at Alnwick, which is a passage that they must pass by. If we may enclose them, we shall speed well.' Sir Henry Percy (age 46) and sir Ralph (age 29) his brother obeyed their father's commandment and came thither with them of the country. The Scots rode burning and exiling the country, that the smoke thereof came to Newcastle. The Scots came to the gates of Durham and scrimmished there; but they tarried not long but returned, as they had ordained before to do, and that they found by the way took and destroyed it. Between Durham and Newcastle is but twelve leagues English and a good country: there was no town, without it were closed, but it was brent, and they repassed the river of Tyne where they had passed before, and then came before Newcastle and there rested. All the English knights and esquires of the country of York and bishopric of Durham were assembled at Newcastle, and thither came the seneschal of York, sir Ralph Lumley (age 28), sir Matthew Redman (age 60), captain of Berwick, sir Robert Ogle (age 36), sir Thomas Grey, sir Thomas Holton, sir John Felton, sir John Lilleburn, sir Thomas Abingdon, the baron of Hilton, sir John Coppledike and divers other, so that the town was so full of people that they wist not where to lodge.

Battle of Otterburn

On either 05 Aug 1388 or 19 Aug 1388 a Scottish army commanded by John Swinton defeated an English army commanded by Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 24) during the Battle of Otterburn at Otterburn [Map]. Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 24) and his brother [his brother] Ralph Percy (age 29) were captured as was Matthew Redman (age 60). The English suffered 1000 killed, 2000 captured. The Scottish 100 killed, 200 captured.

On the Scottish side James Douglas 2nd Earl Douglas (age 30) was killed. His sister Isabel Douglas Countess Mar (age 28) succeeded Countess Mar.

John Dunbar 1st Earl of Moray (age 46) fought.

Before 1393 Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 28) and Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, Earl Ulster and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster. He the son of Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 51) and Margaret Neville. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 03 Feb 1393 [his son] Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland was born to Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 28) and [his wife] Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys (age 21) at Alnwick Castle [Map]. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Around 1395 [his daughter] Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland was born to Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 30) and [his wife] Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys (age 23) at Alnwick Castle [Map]. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Froissart. After 19 Oct 1398. When the day of his exile drew near, he went to Eltham where the king (age 31) resided. He found there his father (age 58), the duke of York (age 57) his uncle, and with them the [his father] earl of Northumberland (age 56), sir Henry Percy (age 34) his son, and a great many barons and knights of England, vexed that his ill fortune should force him out of England. The greater part of them accompanied him to the presence of the king (age 31), to learn his ultimate pleasure as to this banishment. The king (age 31) pretended that he was very happy to see these lords: he entertained them well, and there was a full court on the occasion. The earl of Salisbury (age 48), and the earl of Huntingdon (age 46), who had married the duke of Lancaster's (age 58) daughter (age 35), were present, and kept near to the earl of Derby (age 31), whether through dissimulation or not I am ignorant. When the time for the earl of Derby's (age 31) taking leave arrived, the king (age 31) addressed his cousin with great apparent humility, and said, "that as God might help him, the words which had passed between him and the lord marshal had much vexed him; and that he had judged the matter between them to the best of his understanding, and to satisfy the people, who had murmured greatly at this quarrel. Wherefore, cousin," he added, "to relieve you somewhat of your pain, I now remit four years of the term of your banishment, and reduce it to six years instead often. Make your preparations, and provide accordingly." "My lord," replied the earl, "I humbly thank you; and, when it shall be your good pleasure, you will extend your mercy." The lords present were satisfied with the answer, and for this time were well pleased with the king's (age 31) behaviour, for he received them kindly. Some of them returned with the earl of Derby (age 31) to London. The earl's baggage had been sent forward to Dover, and he was advised by his father, on his arrival at Calais, to go straight to Paris, and wait on the king of France (age 29) and his cousins the princes of France, for by their means he would be the sooner enabled to shorten his exile than by any other. Had not the duke of Lancaster earnestly pressed this matter, like a father anxious to console his son, he would have taken the direct road to the count d'Ostrevant in Hainault.

After 02 Jan 1402 [his brother-in-law] John Mortimer (age 24) and Eleanor Rossall (age 25) were married. He the son of Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, Earl Ulster and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 [his father] Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 38) lay in wait at Homildon Hill [Map] for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 44) fought for the English.

John Swinton was killed.

Thomas Dunbar 2nd Earl of Moray (age 31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney (age 27) were captured.

Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 30) was wounded. King Henry IV of England (age 35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd Glyndŵr (age 43).

William Stewart of Jedworth and Teviotdale (age 46) was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 38) having been captured.

John Stewart 1st of Dalswinton and Garlies (age 32) fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

On 30 Nov 1402 [his brother-in-law] Edmund Mortimer (age 25) and Catrin Mathrafal were married. She the daughter of Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys (age 43) and Margaret Hamner (age 32). He the son of Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, Earl Ulster and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Letters. 1403. Letter XXX. Christine Dunbar Countess of March to Henry IV (age 35).

My most excellent and redoubted sovereign lord,.

I recommend myself to you as entirely as terrestrial creature can think or devise to the crowned king of the world, humbly thanking you on my knees for the high favours and benefits that you have conferred upon me before this time, piously supplicating for your gracious continuance, and particularly for the gracious refreshment which you lately sent. May God reward you for it, since I cannot.

My most gracious lord, may it please you to know that my lord my husband (age 65) and I have been in such hardships and distress since we were banished from our country, that I am yet involved in heavy debt, from which without your gracious aid and succour I cannot deliver myself; and now the pestilence is so violent and severe where we are, that I am very fearful lest I shoald die in this great debt that I have incurred. And by no intreaty that we can make can we obtain sufferance from our enemies to retire to our fortress of Colbrandspath [Map], there to wait till the mortality has ceased. And for this cause I humbly entreat your high royal majesty that you will be pleased to have me in remembrance when you shall find leisure, and help me, that by your gracious relief I may be freed from the debt which makes me sad. Besides this, my most redoubted and gracious lord, we suffer great enmity on account of the death of Sir Henry Percy (age 38), which oftentimes is so heavy to my husband and his people, that they wish themselves dead, if they may not retire from this country, seeing that the people of the said Sir Henry Percy do nothing but hear comfortable news of you, in order then to do the malice that is in their hearts. And, my most gracious and sovereign lord, touching the capture of our people by those attending on the Earl of Douglas (age 13) deign to give credence to the bearer of this, and ordain such remedy as you please, according to what the said bearer shall tell you by word of mouth. And I pray most earnestly the ever-blessed God of Heaven to grant you a long life, with all increase of honour and joy, together with victory over yoar enemies; and after this mprtal life may he grant you the kingdom of glory. Amen.

Your humble oratrice, The Countess of March of Scotland.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 King Henry IV of England (age 36), with his son the future King Henry V of England (age 16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury [Map]. King Henry V of England (age 16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley (age 53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland (age 36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 21) fought for the King. Walter Blount (age 55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 31).

Thomas Wendesley (age 59) and Edmund Cockayne (age 47) were killed.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford (age 25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford  succeeded 6th Earl Stafford, 7th Baron Stafford.

Hugh Shirley (age 52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as King Henry IV of England (age 36).

Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy (age 39), Madog Kynaston (age 43) and John Clifton were killed.

[his uncle] Thomas Percy 1st Earl of Worcester (age 60) was beheaded after the battle. Earl Worcester extinct.

Richard Vernon 11th Baron Shipbrook (age 48) was hanged. Baron Shipbrook forfeit.

John Rossall was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall (age 26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury [Map] estates.

John Massey (age 65) was killed.

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 21 Jul 1403. And that year, the year of our lord Mcccc iiij, was the batylle of Shrouysbury, that was uppon Mary Mawdelyn Evyn, in the whyche bataylle Syr Harry Percy (age 39) was sayle1, and [his uncle] Thomas Percy (age 60) was i-takynne and kept iij dayes aftyr, and thenne he was drawe, hanggyd, quarteryd, and be-heddyd; and the quarters was sende one unto London Brygge. And in the same bataylle was the Prynce (age 16) shotte thorowe the hedde with an arowe, and the Erle of Stafforde (age 25) was i-slayne in the kyngys cote armure undyr his baner, and many mo lordys and knyghtes lost there lyvys, and squyers and many a goode yemon. For hit was one of the wyrste bataylys that evyr came to Inglonde, and unkyndyst, for there was the fadyr a-yenst the son and the son ayenste the fadyr, and brother and cosyn a-yenste eche othyr.

Note 1. sayle. So in MS., but the reading ought certainly to have been slain.

After 21 Jul 1403 Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys (age 52) and [his former wife] Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys (age 32) were married. She by marriage Baroness Camoys. The difference in their ages was 20 years. She the daughter of Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, Earl Ulster and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster. They were half second cousin twice removed. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 20 Apr 1417 [his former wife] Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys (age 46) died. She was buried at St George's Church Trotton.

William Ros 3rd Baron Ros Helmsley and [his mother] Margaret Neville were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

King Henry III of England 1207-1272

Royal Ancestors of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403

Kings Wessex: Great x 10 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 7 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 13 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 8 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France

Royal Descendants of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403

Queen Jane Seymour x 1

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 26

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 13

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 97

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 1

Ancestors of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403

Great x 2 Grandfather: Henry Percy 9th and 1st Baron Percy

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Warenne 6th Earl of Surrey

Great x 3 Grandmother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Lusignan Countess of Surrey

Great x 1 Grandfather: Henry Percy 10th and 2nd Baron Percy 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzalan 7th Earl of Arundel 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl of Arundel 3 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabella Mortimer Countess Arundel 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas I Marquess Saluzzo 5 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

GrandFather: Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Clifford

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Clifford

Great x 4 Grandmother: Hawise Botreaux

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabella Vipont 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Fitzjohn

Great x 1 Grandmother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard de Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford 3 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas de Clare 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester and Hertford 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford Baroness Welles 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Maurice Fitzgerald 4th Lord Offaly

Great x 3 Grandmother: Juliana Fitzgerald 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Emmeline Longespée Baroness Offaly Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Father: Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King John "Lackland" of England Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: King Henry III of England Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 3 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Capet Count of Artois Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 3 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

GrandMother: Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Patrick Chaworth

Great x 2 Grandfather: Patrick Chaworth

Great x 1 Grandmother: Maud Chaworth

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Beauchamp

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Maudit

Great x 2 Grandmother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzgeoffrey

Great x 3 Grandmother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Bigod

Henry "Hotspur" Percy 3 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Geoffrey Fitzrobert aka Neville

Great x 3 Grandfather: Geoffrey Neville

Great x 4 Grandmother: Joan Monmouth

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Neville

Great x 1 Grandfather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville of Raby 8 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzrobert 3rd Baron Warkworth

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Fitzjohn 4th Baron Warkworth

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ada Balliol Baroness Warkworth

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth

Great x 1 Grandmother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Zouche

Great x 3 Grandfather: Alan Zouche

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Bisset

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger de Quincy 2nd Earl Winchester

Great x 3 Grandmother: Helen or Ela Quincy 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Helen Galloway Countess Winchester 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Mother: Margaret Neville 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Adam Audley

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Audley

Great x 4 Grandmother: Emma Fitzorm

Great x 2 Grandfather: James Audley

Great x 4 Grandfather: Ralph Mainwaring

Great x 3 Grandmother: Bertrade Mainwaring

Great x 1 Grandfather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley of Stratton Audley 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William "Longsword" Longespee Earl Salisbury Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Longespée Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Ela Longespée Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Camville

Great x 3 Grandmother: Idoine Camville

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eustachia Basset

GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke and Neville 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Ralph Mortimer

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer of Wigmore Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gwladus verch Llewelyn "Dark Eyed" Aberffraw Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer of Wigmore 2 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William de Braose

Great x 3 Grandmother: Maud de Braose

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eva Marshal

Great x 1 Grandmother: Iseult Mortimer 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Fiennes

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Provence

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Fiennes 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Beaumont 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Blanche Beaumont 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jeanne Chateaudun