Biography of Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527

Paternal Family Tree: Reginar aka Percy

Maternal Family Tree: Elizabeth Merbury

1461 Battle of Towton

1489 Yorkshire Rebellion

1499 Creation of Garter Knights

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1536 Trial of Anne and George Boleyn

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for King Edward IV of England (age 18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.

The Yorkist army was commanded by King Edward IV of England (age 18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 45), William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy (age 45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex (age 57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (age 61).

The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy (age 35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley (age 50), John Bigod (age 28), Robert Cromwell (age 71), Ralph Eure (age 49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 51), John Beaumont (age 33), Thomas Dethick (age 61), Everard Simon Digby, William Plumpton (age 25) and William Welles (age 51) who were killed.

[his grandfather] Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) was killed. His son [his father] Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. [his mother] Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland (age 3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) was killed. He was buried at the nearby Saxton church where his chest tomb is extant. Baron Dacre Gilsland extinct.

Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles (age 55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.

The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd or 3rd Duke of Somerset (age 25), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) and Andrew Trollope.

Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30) was attainted after the battle; Duke Exeter, Earl Huntingdon forfeit.

Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (age 46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 60), William Norreys (age 20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey of Richemont (age 43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns (age 30), John Talbot 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde (age 40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde (age 39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22), Henry Roos and Thomas Tresham (age 41). Cardinal John Morton (age 41) were captured.

Before 14 Jan 1478 [his father] Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 29) and [his mother] Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland (age 20) were married. She the daughter of William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke and Anne Devereux (age 48). He the son of Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland (age 56). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 14 Jan 1478 Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland was born to Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 29) and Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland (age 20).

On 21 Sep 1480 [his grandmother] Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland (age 58) died at Raby Castle, County Durham [Map]. Her son [his father] Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 31) succeeded 6th Baron Poynings.

On 27 Jul 1485 [his mother] Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland (age 27) died.

Yorkshire Rebellion

On 28 Apr 1489 [his father] Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 40) was hanged at York [Map] by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax.

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 11) succeeded 5th Earl of Northumberland, 8th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 16th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 7th Baron Poynings.

The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 46). The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason. The rebels then chose John Percy (age 30) as their leader. His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy (age 42) (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause.

Before 1491 Thomas Carey (age 36) and [his future sister-in-law] Margaret Spencer (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe (age 55) and Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde (age 58). He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

1499 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1499 King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 41) created a number of Garter Knights ...

243rd Edward Poynings (age 40).

244th John King Denmark Norway and Sweden (age 43).

245th Gilbert Talbot (age 47).

246th King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 7).

247th Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 20).

248th Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham (age 20).

249th Charles Somerset 1st Earl of Worcester (age 39). The date sometimes given as 1496?

250th Edmund Pole 3rd Duke of Suffolk (age 28).

251st Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu.

252nd Thomas Lovell.

253rd Richard Pole (age 37).

Around 1500 [his daughter] Margaret Percy Baroness Clifford was born to Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 21) and [his future wife] Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland (age 23).

Before 1502 Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 23) and Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland (age 24) were married. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland. She the daughter of Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe (age 66) and Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde. He the son of Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland and Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

In 1502 [his son] Henry Percy 6th Earl of Northumberland was born to Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 23) and [his wife] Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland (age 25).

Around 1504 [his son] Thomas Percy was born to Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 25) and [his wife] Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland (age 27) at Alnwick Castle [Map].

In 1506 [his son] Ingelram Percy was born to Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 27) and [his wife] Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland (age 29).

In or before 1513 [his son-in-law] Henry Clifford 1st Earl of Cumberland (age 20) and [his daughter] Margaret Percy Baroness Clifford (age 12) were married. She by marriage Baroness de Clifford. She the daughter of Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 34) and Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland (age 35). They were fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

In 1523 [his son] Henry Percy 6th Earl of Northumberland (age 21) and Anne Boleyn (age 22) were secretly betrothed. The bethrothal broken off when his father Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 44) refused to support their engagement.

In Jan 1524 [his son] Henry Percy 6th Earl of Northumberland (age 22) and [his daughter-in-law] Mary Talbot Countess Northumberland were married. She the daughter of George Talbot 4th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 56) and Anne Hastings Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford. He the son of Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 45) and Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland (age 47). They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was taken by barge to Bridewell Palace [Map] where he was enobled by his father King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 33).

In the morning Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was created 1st Earl Nottingham.

In the afternoon Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset.

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More (age 47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset (age 47),

Henry Courtenay (age 29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter. Gertrude Blount Marchioness of Exeter (age 22) by marriage Marchioness Exeter.

[his son-in-law] Henry Clifford (age 32) was created 1st Earl of Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.

Thomas Manners (age 33) was created 1st Earl of Rutland. Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 30) by marriage Countess of Rutland. He was given the Earldom of Rutland to reflect his descent from Anne York Duchess Exeter sister of the previous Earl of Rutland. At the same time his arms Manners Arms were augmented with the Manners Augmented Arms

Henry Brandon (age 2) was created 1st Earl Lincoln.

Robert Radclyffe (age 42) was created 1st Viscount Fitzwalter.

Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 48) was created 1st Viscount Rochford. Elizabeth Howard Countess of Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 45) by marriage Viscountess Rochford.

Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 52), William Fitzalan 18th Earl of Arundel (age 49) and John de Vere 14th Earl of Oxford (age 25) attended.

On 19 May 1527 Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 49) died. His son [his son] Henry Percy 6th Earl of Northumberland (age 25) succeeded 6th Earl of Northumberland, 9th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 17th Baron Percy of Topcliffe, 8th Baron Poynings. [his daughter-in-law] Mary Talbot Countess Northumberland by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Trial of Anne and George Boleyn

On 15 May 1536 Queen Anne Boleyn (age 35) tried at the King's Hall in the Tower of London [Map].

Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 63) was appointed Lord High Steward and presided. Henry Howard (age 20) attended. Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu (age 44) was one of the judges. Elizabeth Browne Countess of Worcester (age 34) was the principal witness.

The jurors were:

Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 52).

Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln (age 24).

Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 21).

George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon (age 49).

Thomas Manners 1st Earl of Rutland (age 44).

John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt (age 56).

Ralph Neville 4th Earl of Westmoreland (age 38).

Henry Parker 11th Baron Marshal 10th Baron Morley (age 55).

Edward Stanley 3rd Earl of Derby (age 27).

Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle (age 28).

John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 65).

Thomas Wentworth 1st Baron Wentworth (age 35).

Henry Somerset 2nd Earl of Worcester (age 40).

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland.

Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh (age 48).

Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 40).

William Fitzalan 18th Earl of Arundel (age 60).

Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl of Arundel (age 24).

Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden (age 48).

Edward Powers Lord Powers.

William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne (age 66).

Thomas Ware.

Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor (age 69).

George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham (age 39).

She was found guilty and sentenced to be beheaded. John Spelman (age 56) signed the death warrant.

After Anne's trial her brother George Boleyn Viscount Rochford (age 33) was also tried and found guilty.

In 1542 [his former wife] Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland (age 65) died.

[his daughter] Maud Percy was born to Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland and Katherine Spencer Countess Northumberland.

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

King Edward III of England 1312-1377

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 1364-1425

Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland 1379-1440

John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby 1337-1388

Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Royal Ancestors of Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527

Kings Wessex: Great x 14 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 17 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 12 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France

Royal Descendants of Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 2

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 1

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 10

Ancestors of Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Mary Plantagenet Baroness Percy Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Henry "Hotspur" Percy 3 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville of Raby 8 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Margaret Neville 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke and Neville 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, Earl Ulster 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Philippa Montagu Countess March

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke of Clarence Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

GrandFather: Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville of Raby 8 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke and Neville 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Percy 10th and 2nd Baron Percy 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Edward III of England Son of King Edward II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Giles "Payne" Roet

Great x 3 Grandmother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Father: Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 3 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Michael Poynings 1st Baron Poynings

Great x 3 Grandfather: Richard Poynings 3rd Baron Poynings

Great x 4 Grandmother: Joan Rokesley Baroness Poynings

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Poynings 4th Baron Poynings 9 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Robert Grey 1st Baron Fitzpayn 7 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Grey Baroness Poynings 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Elizabeth Brienne Baroness Fitzpayn

Great x 1 Grandfather: Richard Poynings 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Reginald Grey 2nd Baron Grey Ruthyn 7 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey Ruthyn 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alianore Strange Baroness Grey Ruthyn 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Eleanor Grey Baroness Poynings 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Ros 4th Baron Ros Helmsley 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Margaret Ros Baroness Grey Ruthyn 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Beatrice Stafford Countess Desmond 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

GrandMother: Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Maurice Berkeley 7th and 2nd Baron Berkeley 2 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th and 3rd Baron Berkeley 3 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eva Zouche

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Berkeley 4 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Clivedon

Great x 3 Grandmother: Katherine Clivedon Baroness Berkeley

Great x 1 Grandmother: Eleanor Berkeley Countess Arundel 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Elizabeth Bettershorne

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

GrandFather: William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke

Great x 4 Grandfather: Hywel Fychan Brecon

Great x 3 Grandfather: Llewellyn Brecon

Great x 2 Grandfather: Dafydd Gam Brecon

Great x 1 Grandmother: Gwladys ferch Dafydd Gam "Star of Abergavenny" Brecon

Mother: Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Walter "Elder" Devereux 4 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Walter Devereux 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Walter Devereux 6 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Walter Devereux 7 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Crophull

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas Crophull 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Verdun Baroness Hussey 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Agnes Crophull 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

GrandMother: Anne Devereux 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Merbury