Biography of John Marlay 1590-1673

Paternal Family Tree: Marlay

In 1590 John Marlay was born to William Marlay.

On 02 Jul 1611 John Marlay (age 21) and Mary Mitford (age 21) were married.

In Sep 1634 [his wife] Mary Mitford (age 44) died.

In 1637 John Marlay (age 47) was knighted.

In 1637 John Marlay (age 47) was elected Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1642 John Marlay (age 52) was elected Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Before 03 Feb 1644 John Marlay (age 54) was appointed Governor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. He defended the city during seven months of siege by the Scots army.

Around 1650 [his son] Captain Anthony Marlay was born to John Marlay (age 60) at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1658 John Marlay (age 68) offered to sell the Royalists' plans for the restoration of Charles II to Oliver Cromwell (age 58) for £100 and permission to return home. His reputation never recovered from this act of treason.

Booth's Uprising

In Aug 1659 Booth's Uprising was a unsuccessful Cheshire rebellion led by George Booth 1st Baron Delamer (age 36) to restore King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 29) to throne as part of a national uprising led by John Mordaunt 1st Viscount Mordaunt (age 33). Its supprters included John Owen (age 59).

John Marlay (age 69) was briefly imprisoned suspected of surporting the uprising.

In 1661 John Marlay (age 71) was elected Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1661 John Marlay (age 71) was elected MP Newcastle on Tyne which seat he held until Oct 1673. He quickly found that his betrayal had not been forgiven or forgotten. A petition was sent to the Commons, directly accusing him of treason, and he was suspended from the House.

In Oct 1673 John Marlay (age 83) died. He was buried at the St George's Porch of Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 19 Oct 1944 Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] was stormed and the city garrison led by John Marlay retreated to the castle. He held out there for another three days, possibly longer, and then surrendered on the promise of mercy for himself and his men. For the offence of having refused the terms of surrender, Marlay was proscribed, banished and driven into exile: for the next few years he lived mainly in the Spanish Netherlands. His estates were forfeited, and his collieries sold, and he sank into poverty.