Biography of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642

Paternal Family Tree: Bertie

1630 Knight of the Garter Appointments

1641 Trial and Execution of the Earl of Strafford

1642 Battle of Edge Hill

On 25 Dec 1577 [his father] Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby (age 22) and [his mother] Mary Vere Baroness Willoughby of Eresby were married. She the daughter of John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford and Margery Golding Countess of Oxford. He the son of Richard Bertie Baron Willoughby (age 61) and Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk (age 58).

On 19 Sep 1580 [his grandmother] Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk (age 61) died. Her son [his father] Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby (age 24) succeeded 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. [his mother] Mary Vere Baroness Willoughby of Eresby by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.

She was buried at St James' Church, Spilsby [Map] with her second husband [his grandfather] Richard Bertie Baron Willoughby (age 63). Elizabethan Period. Sideboard Tomb. Cornice supported by three figures of a monk and two wildmen, each holding aloft a shield of arms. In the frieze are flowers, fruit and escutcheons.

Mary Vere Baroness Willoughby of Eresby: she was born to John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford and Margery Golding Countess of Oxford. On 25 Dec 1577 Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby and she were married. She the daughter of John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford and Margery Golding Countess of Oxford. He the son of Richard Bertie Baron Willoughby and Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk. Around 24 Jun 1624 Mary Vere Baroness Willoughby of Eresby died.

On 16 Dec 1582 Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey was born to Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby (age 27) and Mary Vere Baroness Willoughby of Eresby. His Godmother was Queen Elizabeth I (age 49).

On 25 Jun 1601 [his father] Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby (age 45) died at Berwick on Tweed [Map]. His son Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 18) succeeded 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. He was buried at St James' Church, Spilsby [Map].

On 15 Feb 1610 [his sister] Catherine Bertie (age 15) died in childbirth. She was buried at St James' Church, Spilsby [Map].

Monument Elizabethan Period. Tall Sideboard Tomb with reclining hooded figure of Lady Katherine, daughter of Peregrine, with Chrisom Child in the crib at her feet. Above a standing figure of Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby (age 45) in a niche, with strapwork embellishments, all supported on composite columns with a dentilated cornice.

Catherine Bertie: Around 1595 she was born to Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby and Mary Vere Baroness Willoughby of Eresby. Sources are confused about her birth year stating she was born in 1610 and that she married in 1609. Date adjusted to around 1595 on the assumption she was married around twenty years of age. Her son died at six days old on 09 Feb 1610. Her father died in 1601. Sources also refer to her as Baroness Rockingham whereas she died some eleven years before her husband was created Baron Rockingham. In 1609 Lewis Watson 1st Baron Rockingham and she were married.

In 1605 Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 22) and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.

In 1608 [his son] Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 25) and [his wife] Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

Around Oct 1613 [his brother] Peregrine Bertie (age 29) fought a duel with Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire (age 34). the specific cause of the duel isn't known but Norreys was known to be a longstanding enemy of Bertie's brother Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 30).

On 01 Jan 1619 [his son] Robert Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 36) and [his wife] Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

Around 24 Jun 1624 [his mother] Mary Vere Baroness Willoughby of Eresby died.

On 17 Oct 1624 [his son] Edward Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 41) and [his wife] Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

On 22 Nov 1626 Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 43) was created 1st Earl Lindsey. [his wife] Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey by marriage Countess Lindsey.

On 18 Apr 1627 [his son] Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey (age 19) and [his daughter-in-law] Martha Cockayne Countess Lindsey and Holderness (age 22) were married. She the daughter of William Cockayne and Mary Morris Countess Dover (age 62). He the son of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 44) and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

1630 Knight of the Garter Appointments

In 1630 King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 29) created four Knights of the Garter ...

428th Richard Weston 1st Earl of Portland (age 52).

429th Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 47).

430th William Cecil 2nd Earl Exeter (age 64).

431st James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton (age 23).

In 1631 [his son-in-law] William Paston 1st Baronet (age 21) and [his daughter] Lady Katherine Bertie were married. She the daughter of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 48) and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

After 1633 and before 24 Dec 1638 [his brother-in-law] Edward Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu (age 22) and Anne Winwood Baroness Montagu (age 18) were married.

In 1636 [his daughter] Lady Katherine Bertie died in childbirth. Memorial in the Church of St Michael, Oxnead [Map]. Bust carved by Nicholas Stone (age 49). Paston Arms and Bertie Arms.

Lady Katherine Bertie: she was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey. In 1631 William Paston 1st Baronet and she were married. She the daughter of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

In 1641 [his brother-in-law] Christopher Montagu (age 23) died.

In 1641 [his son] Francis Bertie was killed at Ireland.

Trial and Execution of the Earl of Strafford

On 13 Apr 1641 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 48) was attainted by 204 votes to 59 ostensibly for his authoritarian rule as Lord Deputy of Ireland. Despite his promise not to King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 40) signed the death warrant on the 10 May 1641 in the light of increasing pressure from Parliament and the commons.

Wenceslaus Hollar (age 33). Engraving of the Trial of Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 48) with the following marked:

A. King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 40).

C. Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England (age 31).

D. King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 10).

E. Thomas Howard 21st Earl of Arundel 4th Earl of Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk (age 55), Lord High Steward.

F. Henry Montagu 1st Earl Manchester (age 78), Lord Keeper of the Great Seal.

G. John Paulet 5th Marquess Winchester (age 43).

H. Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 58), Lord Chamberlain.

I. Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery (age 56), Lord Chamberlain of the Household.

V. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 48).

Z. Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk (age 56).

Wenceslaus Hollar: On 23 Jul 1607 he was born. Pepy's Diary. 22 Nov 1666. Up, and to the office, where we sat all the morning, and my Lord Bruncker did show me Hollar's new print of the City, with a pretty representation of that part which is burnt, very fine indeed; and tells me that he was yesterday sworn the King's servant, and that the King hath commanded him to go on with his great map of the City, which he was upon before the City was burned, like Gombout of Paris, which I am glad of. On 25 Mar 1677 he died.

Before 27 Jun 1641 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 58).

Battle of Edge Hill

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill [Map]. The Royal army was commanded by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 41) (with his son King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 12) present), Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland (age 22) and Richard Spencer (age 49) commanded the army that included Maurice Palatinate Simmern (age 21), Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron (age 36), Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland (age 32), Charles Cavendish (age 22), Henry Newton aka Puckering 3rd Baronet (age 24), Spencer Compton 2nd Earl of Northampton (age 41), Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet (age 30), John Byron 1st Baron Byron (age 43) and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh (age 55).

George Stewart 9th Seigneur D'Aubigny (age 24) was killed.

Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh (age 34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex (age 51). Oliver St John 5th Baron St John (age 39) was wounded.

Samuel Sandys (age 27) commanded a troop of horse.

Richard Sandys (age 26) was killed.

Thomas Strickland (age 20) was knighted on the field for his gallantry.

Henry Hunloke 1st Baronet (age 24) was knighted by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 41).

William Dugdale (age 37) witnessed the battle and subsequently surveyed the battlefield.

John Hinton (age 38) was present.

Edward Verney (age 52) was killed.

John Assheton (age 29) was killed.

Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 59) was killed. His son [his son] Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey (age 34) succeeded 2nd Earl Lindsey, 15th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. [his former daughter-in-law] Martha Cockayne Countess Lindsey and Holderness by marriage Countess Lindsey.

William Pennyman 1st Baronet (age 35) commanded a regiment, of which he served as Colonel, which he led for the King.

Edward Stradling 2nd Baronet (age 42) fought for the King, was captured imprisoned for seven months, and died a month after his release.

After 23 Oct 1642 Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey (age 59) was buried at Church of St Michael and All Angels, Edenham [Map].

On 30 Nov 1654 [his former wife] Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey died.

The Times. 26 Dec 1910. We regret to state that Lord Ancaster (deceased) died on Saturday night at his Grimsthorpe, Bourne, Lincolnshire seat, in his 81st year.

Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, created first Earl of Ancaster in 1892, was Joint Heereditary Lord Great Chamberlain of England. This dignity is held jointly by Lord Cholmondeley (age 27), Lord Ancastor, and Lord Carrington (age 67). The late peer filled it during the reign of Queen Victoria, Lord Cholmondeley during that of King Edward, and Lord Carrington fills it during the present reign.

He was born on October 1, 1830, and succeeded his father (age 12) as second Lord Aveland on September 6, 1807, and his mother (age 79) as 24th Lord Willoughby de Eresby on November 13, 1888.

Few noblemen possessed a longer lineage, for the lordship of Erresby in Lincolnshire was acquired by the family of Bee or Belec bv the marriage of Walter dc Bec with Agnes, daughter and heiress of Hugh Fitz Pincheon, a 12th century magnate of Lincolnshire. A John Beeke received permission from Edward I to make a castle of his manor house at Eresby and was summoned to Parliament as one of the barons of the realm. By his wife, Sarah, daughter of Thomas, Lord Furnival, be had, among other children, Alice, who was married to Sir William de Willoughby, one of those who went with Prince Edward to the Holy Land. His son, Robert, became first Lord Willoughby de Eresby. Subsequent holders of that title played a prominent part in the country's history at home and abroad. The 13th baron was created Earl of Lindsey. The fourth Earl of Lindsey was created Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven in 1713. That dukedom became extinct with the death of the fifth Duke in 1809. The barony of Willoughby de Eresby fell into abeyance between the sisters of the fourth duke until it was terminated by the Crown in 1780 in favour of the elder co-heir, Priscilla Barbara Elizabeth, whom the first Lord Gwydir married in 1779. Their eldest son Peter Robert, 21st Baron Willoughby de Eresby, married the daughter of the first Lord Perth, and one of their daughters became in 1840 the wife of the second Lord Carrington. Almeric, the 22nd Lord Willoughby do Eresby and third Baron Gwydyr of Gwydyr, County Carnarvon, Joint Hereditary Great Chamberlain of England, died in August, 1870. The barony of Willoughby do Eresby again fell into abeyance between his lordship's surviving sisters, and it was terminated in favour of the elder, the Dowager Baroness Aveland, who married in 1827 Sir Gilbert John Heathcote, created Baron Aveland in 1856. Their eldest son was the late Lord Ancaster, whose sister, Clementina Charlotte (age 78), married in 1869 Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon, who died in her Majesty's ship Victoria in June 1893.

The late Lord Ancaster married in 1863 Lady Evelyn Elizabeth Gordon (age 64), second daughter of the tenth Marquis of Huntly, by whom be had four sons and six daughters. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge, and sat as Member of Parliament for Rutland from 1856 to 1867. He was a magistrate for Kesteven and chairman of Quarter Sessions, lord of the manor of Thurlbv Baston and Langtoft, as well as chairman of the Stamford Division Conservative and Unionist Association; and was Lord Chamberlain during Queen Victoria's reign and contested the right to continue on King Edward's succession.

He is succeeded in the title by Lord Willoughby de Eresby (age 43),??? for the Hornecastle Division of Lincolnshire, who is a major and hon. lieutenant-colonel of the Lincolnshire Yeomanry and was formerly an officer of the Leicestershire Yeomanry Cavalry. He married in 1905 Eloise Laurence (age 28), eldest daughter of the late Mr. W. L. Breese, of New York, and has a son, Gilbert James (age 3), born in 1907, and two daughters.

The late earl's other children include Major Charles S. Heathcote-Drunmond-Willoughby (age 40), who married Lady Muriel Erskine, daughter of Lord Buchan (age 60); Major Claud Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (age 38), who married Lady Florence Astley (age 43), youngest daughter of the third Marquis Ponyngham; Lady Evelyn Clementina (age 46), wife of Major-General Sir Henry Peter Ewart; the Hon. Margaret Mary (age 44), who was married to the late Mr. Gideon Macpherson Rutherford; the Hon. Cecilie (age 36), wife of Mr. T. C. E. Goff; and Lady Dalhousie (age 32). The late peer assumed by Royal licence in 1872 the additional surnames of Willoughby and Drummond. He was a large landowner, owning Drummond Castle Crieff, and extensive deer forests in Perthshire and land in Lincolnshire and Rutland. Recently, however, he sold considerable portion of his estates, in many instances to the tenants who had the option of purchase. He was a very generous landlord, and was highly respected. He used Normanton Castle as his chief country house till Lord Willoughby de Eresby was married; then Normanton became the latter's home, and Lord Ancester lived at Grimsthorpe. He was president of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.

[his son] Robert Bertie and Alice Barnard were married. He the son of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his son] Vere Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his daughter] Sophia Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his son] Peregrine Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his son] Roger Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his son] Robert Bertie and Elizabeth Bennett were married. He the son of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his daughter] Mary Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his son] Francis Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his son] Robert Bertie and Mary Halsey were married. He the son of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his son] Henry Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his daughter] Anne Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his daughter] Elizabeth Bertie Lady Stapleton was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

[his daughter] Lady Katherine Bertie was born to Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey and Elizabeth Montagu Countess Lindsey.

The South Forty Foot Drain aka Black Sluice is a man-made drain starting at Guthram Gowt [Map] that drains a large area of the Lincolnshire fen-land known as the Black Sluice Area aka Lindsey Level. The drain, or an early version of it was first constructed around 1635 when the Earl of Lindsey agreed with the Commissioners of Sewers for Lincolnshire to carry out drainage works which would make 150 km2 of land available for agricultural use. The South Forty Foot Drain drains the area bounded by Great Hale, North Kesteven [Map], Bourne, South Kesteven [Map], Pinchbeck [Map] and Boston [Map].

Royal Ancestors of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 14 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 19 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 15 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 8 Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 11 Grand Son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France

Royal Descendants of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 1

Ancestors of Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Bertie

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Bertie

GrandFather: Richard Bertie Baron Willoughby

Father: Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby 9 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Willoughby of Parham 7 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Willoughby 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Joan Fitzalan 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Cecily Welles 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Joan or Cecily Waterton

Great x 1 Grandfather: William Willoughby 11th Baron Willoughby 7 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Jenney

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Jenney Baroness Willoughby of Eresby

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Cawse

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Cawse

GrandMother: Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Martín de Salinas

Great x 1 Grandmother: Maria de Salinas Baroness Willoughby

Great x 2 Grandmother: Josefa González de Salas

Robert Bertie 1st Earl Lindsey 8 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard de Vere 11th Earl of Oxford 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert de Vere 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Sergeaux Countess Oxford

Great x 2 Grandfather: John de Vere 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Hugh Courtenay 2 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Joan Courtenay 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Alice Colbroke

GrandFather: John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Thomas Trussell

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Trussell

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edward Trussell

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Trussell Countess of Oxford 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Donne

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Donne 10 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Leonard Hastings

Great x 3 Grandmother: Elizabeth Hastings 9 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alice Camoys 8 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Mother: Mary Vere Baroness Willoughby of Eresby 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

GrandMother: Margery Golding Countess of Oxford