Biography of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Maternal Family Tree: Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535

1572 Ridolphi Plot

1588 Spanish Armada

1596 Sack of Cádiz

1605 Gunpowder Plot

1613 Marriage of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset and Frances Howard

Before 22 Aug 1553 Henry Dudley (age 22) and [his mother] Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk (age 13) were married. He the son of John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 49) and Jane Guildford Duchess Northumberland (age 44). They were third cousin once removed.

In 1556 [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 19) and Mary Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk (age 16) were married. She by marriage Duchess Norfolk, Countess Surrey. She the daughter of Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel (age 43) and Katherine Grey. They were second cousin once removed.

In 1558 [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 21) and [his mother] Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk (age 18) were married. She by marriage Duchess Norfolk, Countess Surrey. They were fourth cousins.

On 24 Aug 1561 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk was born to Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 25) and Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk (age 21).

On 09 Jan 1564 [his mother] Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk (age 24) died at Norwich, Norfolk [Map] following the birth of her fourth child. She was buried at Church of St John the Baptist, Norwich [Map] .

Around 1566 [his future sister-in-law] Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill was born to [his future father-in-law] Henry Knyvet (age 26) and Elizabeth Stumpe at Charlton, Wiltshire.

In Nov 1605 Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill (age 39) died.

In 1567 [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 30) and [his step-mother] Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk (age 31) were married. She by marriage Duchess Norfolk, Countess Surrey.

On 17 May 1569 George Dacre 5th Baron Dacre Gilsland 9th Baron Greystoke (age 8) died. There was a dispute as to whether his uncle Leonard Dacre should inherit Baron Dacre Gilsland which would be the case if it was created by letters patent, or whether the Barony was in abeyance between the 5th Baron's (age 8) three sisters which would be the case of the barony had been created through a writ of summons. Such decisions would normally be referred to the [his father] Duke of Norfolk (age 33) in his capacity as Earl Marshal but he, Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 33), had married [his step-mother] Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk, the mother of the three daughters although she had died in the meantime; he was not impartial - the three daughters were now his step-daughters. The matter was referred to Commissioners who decided the Barony had been created by writ between and was, therefore, abeyant between the three daughters who were now the step-daughters of Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 33). He, Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 33) subsequently married his eldest son [his half-brother] Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel (age 11) to his eldest step-daughter [his future sister-in-law] Anne Dacre Countess Arundel (age 12). After Thomas Howard's (age 33) execution in 1572 the two remaining daughters, [his future wife] Mary Dacre (age 5) and [his future sister-in-law] Elizabeth Dacre (age 4) were married to his two remaining sons Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 7) and [his brother] William Howard (age 5) respectively ensuring all of the Dacre and Greystoke wealth and estates in Cumberland, Yorkshire and Northumberland would become the property of the Howard family.

Before 1572 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 10) and Mary Dacre (age 8) were married. She by marriage Baroness Audley Walden in Essex. She died six years later three months short of her fifteenth birthday. She being his step-sister. An unusual example of a Marriage of Three Sets of Siblings where, in this case, three brothers, married three sisters, who were also step-siblings, as a means of keeping the sisters inheritance. She the daughter of Thomas Dacre 4th Baron Dacre Gilsland 8th Baron Greystoke and Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk. He the son of Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 35) and Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk. They were half third cousin once removed.

Ridolphi Plot

On 02 Jun 1572 [his father] Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 36) was executed for his involvement in the Ridolphi Plot. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London [Map]. Duke Norfolk forfeit..

On 28 Oct 1577 [his brother] William Howard (age 13) and [his sister-in-law] Elizabeth Dacre (age 12) were married. She being his step-sister. An unusual example of a Marriage of Three Sets of Siblings where, in this case, three brothers, married three sisters, who were also step-siblings, as a means of keeping the sisters inheritance. She the daughter of Thomas Dacre 4th Baron Dacre Gilsland 8th Baron Greystoke and Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk. He the son of Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk and Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk. They were half third cousin once removed.

On 07 Apr 1578 [his wife] Mary Dacre (age 14) died in Naworth Castle [Map].

Before 1580 Richard Rich and [his future wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 15) were married.

Before 1582 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 20) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 17) were married. She by marriage Baroness Audley Walden in Essex. He the son of Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk and Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk. They were third cousins.

On 13 Aug 1582 [his son] Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 20) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 18) at Saffron Walden [Map].

Around 1583 [his daughter] Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 21) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 19).

In 1584 [his son] Robert Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 22) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 20).

On 08 Oct 1587 [his son] Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 26) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 23) at Saffron Walden [Map].

Spanish Armada

On 25 Jul 1588 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 26) was captain of the Golden Lion in the attack on the Spanish Armada.

On 26 Jul 1588 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 26) was knighted by Admiral Lord Howard of Effingham on the Ark Royal.

On 31 May 1590 [his daughter] Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 28) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 26).

In 1591 [his son] Charles Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 29) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 27).

In 1592 [his son] Henry Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 30) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 28) in Henley In Arden.

On 26 Sep 1594 [his brother-in-law] Thomas Knyvet (age 36) died at Charlton, Wiltshire.

Sack of Cádiz

On 13 Jun 1596 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex (age 30) departed from Plymouth, Devon [Map] with a fleet of 150 English and Dutch ships divided into four squads with 6,360 private soldiers, 1,000 English volunteers, and 6,772 sailors.

Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham (age 60) was admiral in command. Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex (age 30) commanded the land forces. Edward Conway 1st Viscount Conway (age 32) commanded a foot Regiment.

Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 34), Walter Raleigh (age 42), Francis de Vere (age 35) each commanded a squadron.

Anthony Ashley 1st Baronet (age 35) represented Queen Elizabeth (age 62).

Toby Caulfeild 1st Baron Caulfeild (age 30) was present.

In 1597 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 35) was appointed 384th Knight of the Garter by Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 63).

In 1597 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 35) was created 1st Baron Howard de Walden by writ of summons. [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 33) by marriage Baroness Howard de Walden. His [his mother] mother's [his grandfather] father was the first and last Baron Audley Walden in Essex.

In 1598 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 36).

Around 1602 [his son] Edward Howard 1st Baron Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 40) and [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 38).

On 06 May 1602 Francis Manners 6th Earl of Rutland (age 24) and [his sister-in-law] Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill (age 36) were married. He the son of John Manners 4th Earl of Rutland and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland.

In 1603 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 41) was created 1st Earl Suffolk. [his wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 39) by marriage Countess Suffolk.

In 1603 [his son-in-law] Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex (age 11) and [his daughter] Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset (age 12) were married. They were separated after the wedding given their young age. Essex went on a European tour from 1607 to 1609. When he returned she avoided him having fallen for [his future son-in-law] Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset (age 16) whilst her husband was away. He was ill with smallpox. She sought an annulment with her father Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex and uncle [his uncle] Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton (age 62) acting for her. She maintained the marriage had not been consummated and was examined by ten matrons and two midwives who found her hymen intact. It was widely rumoured at the time that Sir Thomas Monson's (age 38) daughter was a substitute, which is possible because she had requested to be veiled during the examination "for modesty's sake". He maintained he was capable with other women, but was unable to consummate his marriage blaming her. She the daughter of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 41) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 39). He the son of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex and Frances Walsingham Countess Essex (age 36). They were fourth cousins.

Before 06 Jan 1605 William Bevill and [his sister-in-law] Frances Knyvet Lady Bevill (age 39) were married.

Gunpowder Plot

On 04 Nov 1605 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle 14th Baron Marshal 13th Baron Morley (age 30) searched the basement with Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 44) and discovered the gunpowder and explosives at Westminster Palace [Map].

On 23 Dec 1605 [his son-in-law] William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury (age 61) and [his daughter] Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury (age 22) were married. She by marriage Baroness Knollys. The difference in their ages was 39 years. She the daughter of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 44) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 41). They were third cousin once removed.

Gunpowder Plot The Effect Of the Indictment. On 27 Jan 1606 the trial of the conspirators took place at Westminster Hall [Map].

The Commissioners were:.

Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham (age 70).

Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 44).

Edward Somerset 4th Earl of Worcester (age 56).

Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire (age 43).

[his uncle] Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton (age 65).

Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 42).

John Popham (age 75).

Thomas Fleming (age 61).

Peter Warburton (age 66).


The Effect of the Indictment.

Note. We have broken this very lengthy paragraph up into more manageable chunks..

THAT whereas our Sovereign Lord the King (age 39) had, by the Advice and Assent of his Council, for divers weighty and urgent Occasions concerning, his Majesty, the State, and Defence of the Church and Kingdom of England, appointed a Parliament to be holden at his City of Westminster; That Henry Garnet (age 50), Superior of the Jesuits within the Realm of England, (called also by the several names of Wally, Darcy, Roberts, Farmer, and Henry Philips), Oswald Tesmond Jesuit (age 43), otherwise called Oswald Greenwell, John Gerrard Jesuit (age 41), (called also by the several names of Lee and Brooke), Robert Winter (age 38), Thomas Winter (age 35), Gentlemen, Guy Fawkes (age 35) Gent. otherwise called Guy Johnson, Robert Keyes Gent. and Thomas Bates Yeoman, late Servant to Robert Catesby Esquire; together with the said Robert Catesby and Thomas Percy Esquires, John Wright and Christopher Wright Gentlemen, in open Rebellion and Insurrection against his Majesty, lately slain, and Francis Tresham Esq; lately dead; as false Traitors against our said Sovereign Lord the King, did traitorously meet and assemble themselves together; and being so met, the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), and other Jesuits, did maliciously, falsly, and traitorously move and persuade as well the said Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, That our said Sovereign Lord the King, the Nobility, Clergy, and whole Commonalty of the Realm of England, (Papists excepted) were Hereticks; and that all Hereticks were accursed and excommunicate; and that none Heretick could be a King; but that it was lawful and meritorious to kill our said Sovereign Lord the King, and all other Hereticks within this Realm of England, for the Advancing and Enlargement of the pretended and usurped Authority and Jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, and for the restoring of the superstitious Romish Religion within this Realm of England.


To which traitorous Persuasions, the said Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, traitorously did yield their Assents: And that thereupon the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), and divers other Jesuits; Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as also the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright and Francis Tresham, traitorously amongst themselves did conclude and agree, with Gunpowder, as it were with one Blast, suddenly, traitorously and barbarously to blow up and tear in pieces our said Sovereign Lord the King, the excellent, virtuous and gracious Queen Anne, his dearest Wife, the most noble Prince Henry, their eldest Son, and future Hope and Joy of England; and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the Reverend Judges of the Realm, the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of Parliament, and divers other faithful Subjects and Servants of the King in the said Parliament, for the Causes aforesaid, to be assembled in the House of Parliament; and all them, without any respect of Majesty, Dignity, Degree, Sex, Age or Place, most barbarously, and more than beastly, traitorously and suddenly to destroy and swallow up.


And further did most traitorously conspire and conclude among themselves, That not only the whole Royal Issue-Male of our said Sovereign Lord the King should be destroyed and rooted out; but that the Persons aforesaid, together with divers other false Traitors, traitorously with them to be assembled, should surprize the Persons of the most noble Ladies Elizabeth and Mary, Daughters of our said Sovereign Lord the King, and falsly and traitorously should proclaim the said Lady Elizabeth to be Queen of this Realm: And thereupon should publish a Proclamation in the name of the said Lady Elizabeth; wherein, as it was especially agreed by and between the said Conspirators, That no mention should be made at the first, of the alteration of Religion established within within this Realm of England; neither would the said false Traitors therein acknowledge themselves to be Authors, or Actors, or Devisers of the aforesaid most wicked and horrible Treasons, until they had got sufficient Power and Strength for the assured Execution and Accomplishment of their said Conspiracy and Treason; and that then they would avow and justify the said most wicked and horrible Treasons, as Actions that were in the number of those, Quae non laudantur, nisi peracta, which be not to be commended before they be done: but by the said feign'd and traitorous Proclamation they would publish, That all and singular Abuses and Grievances within this Realm of England, should, for satisfying of the People, be reform'd.


And that as well for the better concealing, as for the more effectual accomplishing of the said horrible Treasons, as well the said Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, by the traitorous Advice and Procurement of the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), and other Jesuits, traitorously did further conclude and agree, that as well the said Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, thereupon severally and traitorously should receive several corporal Oaths upon the holy Evangelists, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist, That they the Treasons aforesaid would traitorously conceal and keep secret, and would not reveal them, directly or indirectly, by Words or Circumstances, nor ever would desist from the Execution and final Accomplishment of the said Treasons, without the consent of some three of the aforesaid false Traitors first in that behalf traitorously had: And that thereupon as well the said Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christ. Wright, and Francis Tresham, did traitorously take the said several corporal Oaths severally, and did receive the Sacrament of the Eucharist aforesaid, by the Hands of the said Henry Garnet (age 50), John Gerrard (age 41), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), and other Jesuits.


And further, that the said Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35),Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright,Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, by the like traitorous Advice and Counsel of the said Henry Garnet (age 50), John Gerrard (age 41), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), and other Jesuits, for the more effectual compassing and final execution of the said Treasons, did traitorously among themselves conclude and agree to dig a certain Mine under the said House of Parliament, and there secretly, under the said House, to bestow and place a great Quantity of Gunpowder; and that according to the said traitorous Conclusion, the said Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomes Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, afterwards secretly, not without great labour and difficulty, did dig and make the said Mine unto the midst of the Foundation of the Wall of the said House of Parliament, the said Foundation being of the thickness of three yards, with a traitorous Intent to bestow and place a great Quantity of Gunpowder in the Mine aforesaid, so as aforesaid traitorously to be made for the traitorous accomplishing of their traitorous Purposes aforesaid.


And that the said Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, finding and perceiving the said Work to be of great difficulty, by reason of the Hardness and thickness of the said Wall; and understanding a certain Cellar under the said House of Parliament, and adjoining to a certain House of the said Thomas Percy, then to be letten to farm for a yearly Rent, the said Thomas Percy, by the traitorous Procurement, as well of the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), and other Jesuits, Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as of the said Robert Catesby, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, traitorously did hire the Cellar aforesaid for a certain yearly Rent and Term: and then those Traitors did remove twenty Barrels full of Gunpowder out of the said House of the said Thomas Percy, and secretly and traitorously did bestow and place them in the Cellar aforesaid, under the said House of Parliament, for the traitorous effecting of the Treason, and traitorous Purposes aforesaid.


And that afterwards the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), and other Jesuits, Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes and Thomas Bates, together with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright traitorously did meet with Robert Winter (age 38), John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, Esquires; and traitorously did impart to the said Robert Winter (age 38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, the Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid; and did require the said Robert Winter (age 38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, to join themselves as well with the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, in the Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid; and traitorously to provide Horse, Armour, and other Necessaries, for the better Accomplishment and effecting of the said Treasons.


To which traitorous Motion and Request, the said Robert Winter (age 38), John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, and Francis Tresham, did traitorously yield their Assents, and as well with the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), Robert Winter (age 38), Thomas Winter (age 35), Guy Fawkes (age 35), Robert Keyes, and Thomas Bates, as with the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, in the said Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid, traitorously did adhere and unite themselves: And thereupon several corporal Oaths, in form abovesaid, traitorously did take, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist, by the hands of the said Jesuits did receive, to such intent and Purpose, as is aforesaid; and Horses, Armour, and other Necessaries for the better effecting of the said Treasons, according to their traitorous Assents aforesaid, traitorously did provide.


And that afterwards all the said false Traitors did traitorously provide, and bring into the Cellar aforesaid ten other Barrels full of Gunpowder, newly bought, fearing lest the former Gunpowder, so as aforesaid bestow'd and placed there, was become dankish; and the said several Quantities of: Gunpowder aforesaid, with Billets and Faggots, lest they should be spy'd, secretly and traitorously did cover.


And that afterwards the said false Traitors traitorously provided, and brought into the Cellar aforesaid, four Hogsheads full of Gunpowder, and laid divers great Iron Bars and Stones upon the said four Hogsheads, and the aforesaid other Quantities of Gunpowder: And the said Quantities of Gunpowder, Bars, and Stones, with Billets and Faggots, lest they should be espy'd, secretly and traitorously did likewise cover.


And that the said Guy Fawkes (age 35), afterwards, for a full and final Accomplishment of the said Treasons, traitorous Intentions and Purposes aforesaid, by the traitorous Procurement, as well of the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), and other Jesuits, Robert Winter (age 38), Thomas Winter (age 35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, as of the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, Christopher Wright, and Francis Tresham, traitorously had prepared, and had upon his Person Touchwood and Match, therewith traitorously to give fire to the several Barrels, Hogsheads, and Quantities of Gunpowder aforesaid, at the time appointed for the Execution of the said horrible Treasons.


And further, that after the said horrible Treasons were, by the great Favour and Mercy of God, in a wonderful manner discover'd, not many hours before it should have been executed, as well the said Henry Garnet (age 50), Oswald Tesmond (age 43), John Gerrard (age 41), Robert Winter (age 38), Thomas Winter (age 35), Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, and Ambrose Rookwood, as the said Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Christopher Wright, traitorously did fly and withdraw themselves, to the intent traitorously to stir up and procure such Popish Persons, as they could, to join with them in actual, publick and open Rebellion against our said Sovereign Lord the King; and to that end did publish divers feigned and false Rumours, that the Papists Throats should have been cut; and that thereupon divers Papists were in Arms, and in open, publick, and actual Rebellion against our said Sovereign Lord the King, in divers Parts of this Realm of England.

On 01 Dec 1608 [his son-in-law] William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury (age 17) and [his daughter] Catherine Howard Countess Salisbury were married. She the daughter of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 47) and Mary Dacre. He the son of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 45) and Elizabeth Brooke.

In 1611 John Eyre (age 31) and Dorothy Bulstrode Lady in Waiting (age 19) attempted to murder Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert Chirbury (age 28) who he suspected of having an affair with his wife (Dorothy Bulstrode Lady in Waiting (age 19)). Eyre (age 31) and four accomplices caught up with Herbert (age 28) and his two footmen at Scotland Yard as he was leaving Whitehall Palace [Map], and wounded his horse several times. Eyre (age 31) broke Herbert's sword. Twenty more men appeared, Herbert thought them Eyre's supporters and attendants of the Earl of Suffolk (age 49). Two other men helped Herbert, and after a prolonged struggle he wounded Eyre, who was carried to the Thames vomiting. A few days later Eyre sent a message that he would kill Herbert with "a musket out of a window". Meanwhile, because Eyre (age 31) claimed Dorothy had confessd to being unfaithful, she sent a letter to her aunt Lady Croke (Note. probably Prudence Croke (age 44) possibly Elizabeth Croke denying this, and Herbert was able to give this letter to the Privy Council. The Duke of Lennox (age 36) said that John Eyre was "the most miserable man living" because of the shame of Dorothy's letter, and because his father had disinherited him on hearing of the assault.

In 1612 [his son] Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk (age 29) and [his daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk (age 13) were married. She the daughter of George Home 1st Earl Dunbar and Elizabeth Gordon Countess Dunbar (age 37). He the son of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 50) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 48).

Marriage of Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset and Frances Howard

On 26 Dec 1613 [his son-in-law] Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset (age 26) and [his daughter] Frances Howard Countess Essex and Somerset (age 23) were married. She by marriage Countess Somerset. She the daughter of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 52) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 49).

Her marriage with her first husband [his son-in-law] Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex (age 22) had been annulled on the grounds of his impotence three months before causing something of a scandal.

In 1614 [his son] Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire (age 26) and [his daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire (age 18) were married. She the daughter of William Cecil 2nd Earl Exeter (age 48) and Elizabeth Drury Countess Exeter (age 35). He the son of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 52) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 50). They were fourth cousins.

Before 1616 [his son] Henry Howard (age 24) and [his daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Bassett Countess Newcastle upon Tyne (age 23) were married. He the son of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 54) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 51).

Around 1616 [his son] Henry Howard (age 24) died in Clun Castle [Map].

Around 1624 [his son] Edward Howard 1st Baron Howard (age 22) and [his daughter-in-law] Mary Boteler Baroness Howard were married. He the son of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 62) and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 60).

On 28 May 1626 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 64) died at Charing Cross [Map]. He was buried at Waldon Priory and Abbey [Map]. His son [his son] Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk (age 43) succeeded 2nd Earl Suffolk. [his daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk (age 27) by marriage Countess Suffolk.

In 1638 [his former wife] Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 74) died.

Evelyn's Diary. 31 Aug 1654. From Cambridge, we went to Audley-End [Map], and spent some time in seeing that goodly place built by Howard, Earl of Suffolk, once Lord Treasurer. It is a mixed fabric, between antique and modern, but observable for its being completely finished, and without comparison is one of the stateliest palaces in the kingdom. It consists of two courts, the first very large, winged with cloisters. The front had a double entrance; the hall is fair, but somewhat too small for so august a pile. The kitchen is very large, as are the cellars, arched with stone, very neat and well disposed; these offices are joined by a wing out of the way very handsomely. The gallery is the most cheerful and I think one of the best in England; a fair dining-room, and the rest of the lodgings answerable, with a pretty chapel. The gardens are not in order, though well inclosed. It has also a bowling-alley, a noble well-walled, wooded and watered park, full of fine collines and ponds: the river glides before the palace, to which is an avenue of lime trees, but all this is much diminished by its being placed in an obscure bottom. For the rest, is a perfectly uniform structure, and shows without like a diadem, by the decorations of the cupolas and other ornaments on the pavilions; instead of rails and balusters, there is a border of capital letters, as was lately also on Suffolk House, Suffolk Street, near Charing-Cross, built by the same Lord Treasurer.

[his daughter] Catherine Howard Countess Salisbury was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk and Mary Dacre.

[his son] William Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk.

[his daughter] Gertrude Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk.

[his daughter] Emily Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk.

[his son] John Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk.

[his daughter] Margaret Howard was born to Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk and Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk.

Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk 1473-1554

Royal Ancestors of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 13 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 19 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 7 Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 9 Grand Son of Philip "The Fair" IV King France

Royal Descendants of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 3

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 6

Ancestors of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

GrandFather: Henry Howard 6 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Father: Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford 5 x Great Grand Son of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

GrandMother: Frances Vere Countess of Surrey 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Trussell Countess of Oxford 11 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 7 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Geoffrey Audley

GrandFather: Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden

Mother: Margaret Audley Duchess Norfolk 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 4 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

GrandMother: Elizabeth Grey Baroness Audley 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset