Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester [Map]

Leicester, Leicestershire is in Leicestershire.

1345 Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

1361 Death of Henry of Grosmont

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1414 Fire and Faggot Parliament

1426 Henry VI Knighting ceremony

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1530 Death of Cardinal Wolsey

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 917. This year rode the army, after Easter, out of Northampton [Map] and Leicester [Map]; and having broken the truce they slew many men at Hookerton and thereabout. Then, very soon after this, as the others came home, they found other troops that were riding out against Leighton. But the inhabitants were aware of it; and having fought with them they put them into full flight; and arrested all that they had taken, and also of their horses and of their weapons a good deal.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 918. This year, before midsummer, went King Edward to Maldon [Map]; and repaired and fortified the town, ere he departed thence. And the same year went Earl Thurkytel over sea to Frankland with the men who would adhere to him, under the protection and assistance of King Edward (age 44). This year Ethelfleda (age 48) got into her power, with God's assistance, in the early part of the year, without loss, the town of Leicester, Leicestershire [Map]; and the greater part of the army that belonged thereto submitted to her. And the Yorkists had also promised and confirmed, some by agreement and some with oaths, that they would be in her interest. But very soon after they had done this, she departed, twelve nights before midsummer, at Tamworth [Map], the eighth year that she was holding the government of the Mercians with right dominion; and her body lieth at Glocester, in the east porch of St. Peter's church [Map]. This year also was the daughter of Ethered, lord of the Mercians, deprived of all authority over the Mercians, and led into Wessex, three weeks before midwinter. Her name was Healfwina.

In 1068 Hugh Grandesmil (age 36) took by storm at Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

On 22 Feb 1098 Hugh Grandesmil (age 66) died at Leicester, Leicestershire [Map]. He was buried in the Chapter House of the Abbey of Saint-Evroul.

On 19 Oct 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 43) taken to Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

In 1426 John Talbot 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 8) was knighted alongside Henry VI at Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

1426 Henry VI Knighting ceremony

On 19 May 1426, Whitsunday, King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 4) was knighted by his uncles John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 36) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 35) at Leicester, Leicestershire [Map]. Henry then went on to knight Ralph Longford (age 25), Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon (age 12) and Robert Wingfield (age 23).

Chronicle of Gregory 1450. 13 Jan 1450. Ande aftyr Synt Hyllary is day the Parlyment was remevyd unto Laycetter [Map]; ande yn the mene tyme was Caneyoldyn, ande alle the remenaunt of Normandy, savyng Chyrborowe [Map]. And the Duke of Sowthefolke (age 53) was a-pechide at that Parlyment, he beynge at London, of verry graunte tresou, and of many poyntys; among alle othyr, for that he schulde have solde Normandy, and also for the dethe of that nobylle prynce the Duke of Glouceter, and for many othyr poyntys of treson, for the whyche he was exylyd out of Ingelonde for certayne yerys.

Calendars. 23 Oct 1483 King Richard III of England (age 31). Leicester, Leicestershire [Map]. Precept to the Sheriff of Devon to issue a proclamation (English) denouncing Thomas Dorset, late Marquess of Dorset (age 28), who holds unshameful and mischievous woman called Shore's wife in adultery, Sir William Noreys (age 42), Sir William Knevet (age 43), Sir Thomas Bourghchier of Barnes, Sir George Broun, knights, John Cheyne, John Noreis, Walter Hungerford, John Russh and John Harecourt of Staunton, who have assembled the Person by the comfort of the great rebel the late duke of Bukyngham (age 29) and bishops of Ely and Salisbury, and offering rewards for their capture and pardon for all who withdraw from them. By K.

Calendars. On 28 Oct 1483 King Richard III of England (age 31). Leicester, Leicestershire [Map]. General commission of array to the king's kinsman Francis Lovell, Viscount Lovel his chamberlain, for the resistance of the rebel Henry, duke of Buskingham. Mutilated. By K. by word of mouth.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 King Richard III of England (age 32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second cousin once removed Henry Tudor  (age 28) succeeded VII King England. Earl Richmond forfeit.

Those supporting Henry Tudor included:

John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy (age 35).

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 43).

Richard Guildford (age 35).

Walter Hungerford (age 21).

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl of Derby (age 50).

John Wingfield.

Edward Woodville Lord Scales (age 29).

Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 26).

Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth (age 36).

Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (age 53).

William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 47).

Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney (age 34).

William Stanley (age 50).

Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley (age 52).

Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney (age 38).

William Brandon (age 29) was killed.

James Harrington (age 55) was killed.

John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 60) was killed and attainted. He was buried firstly at Thetford Priory, Norfolk [Map] and therafter at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham [Map]. Duke Norfolk, Baron Mowbray, Baron Segrave forfeit.

John Sacheverell (age 85) was killed.

Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath

William Norreys (age 44), Gilbert Talbot (age 33), John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 42) and John Savage (age 41) commanded,.

Robert Poyntz (age 35) was knighted.

Those who fought for Richard III included:

John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers of Groby (age 47).

John Conyers (age 74).

Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 17).

William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 59).

Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh (age 28).

John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 48).

Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham (age 26).

Henry Grey 4th or 7th Baron Grey of Codnor (age 50).

Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent (age 68).

Ralph Neville 3rd Earl of Westmoreland (age 29).

John de la Pole 1st Earl Lincoln (age 23).

Humphrey Stafford (age 59).

George Talbot 4th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 17).

Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 42) was wounded, captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map] for three years. He was attainted; Earl Surrey forfeit.

Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 29) fought and escaped.

John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth (age 26) was captured.

John Babington (age 62), William Alington (age 65), Robert Mortimer (age 43), Robert Brackenbury, Richard Ratclyffe (age 55) and Richard Bagot (age 73) were killed

Walter Devereux Baron Ferrers of Chartley (age 53) was killed.

William Catesby (age 35) was executed at Leicester, Leicestershire [Map] after the battle.

George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin 5th Baron Mohun Dunster (age 25) held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.

Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 36) betrayed King Richard III of England (age 32) by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.

John Iwardby (age 35) was killed.

Death of Cardinal Wolsey

On 29 Nov 1530 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (age 57) died in Leicester, Leicestershire [Map]. Just before his death he reputedly spoke these words: "I see the matter against me how it is framed. But if I had served God as diligently as I have done the King, he would not have given me over in my grey hairs".

On 15 Sep 1649 Henry Hastings (age 71) died in Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Aug 1654. To the old and ragged city of Leicester [Map], large and pleasantly seated, but despicably built, the chimney flues like so many smiths' forges; however, famous for the tomb of the tyrant, Richard III, which is now converted to a cistern, at which (I think) cattle drink. Also, here in one of the churches lies buried the magnificent Cardinal Wolsey. John of Gaunt has here also built a large but poor hospital, near which a wretch has made him a house out of the ruins of a stately church. Saw the ruins of an old Roman Temple, thought to be of Janus. Entertained at a very fine collection of fruits, such as I did not expect to meet with so far North, especially very good melons. We returned to my uncle's.

Fosse Way 5e High Cross to Leicester. From Venonae [Map] aka High Cross the Fosse Way continues north-west over the River Soar near to Sapcote, Leicestershire [Map] then continues to Ratae Corieltavorum [Map] aka Leicester.

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum [Map] aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge [Map] entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street [Map] to the North-East Gate [Map] and thereafter along Haymarket [Map] and Belgrave Gate [Map].

Fosse Way 5f Leicester to Lincoln. Leaving Ratae Corieltavorum [Map] aka Leicester the Fosse way continues north-west through Thurmaston, Leicestershire [Map], past Syston [Map], where it makes a slight change in direction, through Six Hills, Leicestershire [Map] where Roman road (RM58) forks off north east to Grantham [Map]. Then passing Vernementum [Map] aka Willoughby-on-the-Wolds the Fosse Way make another minor change in alignment at Cotgrave [Map] before continuing through Margidunum, Nottinghamshire [Map], Ad Pontem [Map] aka East Stoke. Ad Pontem refers to it being close to the River Trent. The road continues through Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire [Map] then Crococalana Roman Settlement [Map] near present day Brough. At Bracebridge [Map] the Fosse Way meets Ermine Street 2 before continuing into Lindum Colonia [Map] aka Lincoln.

The River Soar rises near Wibtoft [Map] after which it travels broadly north through Leicester, Leicestershire [Map], past Mountsorrel Castle [Map], Normanton on Soar, Nottinghamshire [Map] and Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar [Map] before joining the River Trent.

The capital of the Corieltauvi was Ratae Corieltauvorum aka Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester, Belgrave Gate [Map]

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum [Map] aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge [Map] entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street [Map] to the North-East Gate [Map] and thereafter along Haymarket [Map] and Belgrave Gate [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Greyfriars Church Leicester [Map]

After 22 Aug 1485 King Richard III of England (age 32) was buried at Greyfriars Church Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Greyfriars Priory Leicester [Map]

In May 1414 the Fire and Faggot Parliament at Greyfriars Priory Leicester, Leicestershire [Map]. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford (age 35) was appointed Speaker of the House of Commons. It was named for the Suppression of Heresy Act which called for burning the Lollards with bundles of sticks known as faggots.

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester, Haymarket [Map]

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum [Map] aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge [Map] entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street [Map] to the North-East Gate [Map] and thereafter along Haymarket [Map] and Belgrave Gate [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester, High Street [Map]

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum [Map] aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge [Map] entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street [Map] to the North-East Gate [Map] and thereafter along Haymarket [Map] and Belgrave Gate [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester Abbey

On 09 Nov 1241 Stephen Segrave (age 70) died at Leicester Abbey.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1530-1539. 29 Nov 1530. This yeare, on the even of St. Andrewe,d the Cardinall, Thomas Wolsey (age 57), died at Leicester, cominge to London to his indictment,e and there is buried in Our Ladies Chappell. Some recken he killed himselfe with purgations.f

Note d. November 29.

Note e. The Cardinal (age 57) had been arrested by the Earl of Northumberland (age 28) on a charge of high treason at Cawood [Map], near York, on the 4th of November.

Note f. Wolsey (age 57) is generally believed to hare died of dysentery at Leicester Abbey, on the third day of his jourmey, about 8 o'clock in the morning of the 29th of November, being in the sixtieth year of his age. He was buried at midnight, without any solemnity, in Our Lady Chapel in the church of that monastery.

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester Castle [Map]

On 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 64) died at Leicester Castle [Map]. His son Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (age 35) succeeded 4th Earl of Leicester, 4th Earl Lancaster.

On 31 Mar 1360 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 20) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster (age 15) at Leicester Castle [Map]. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 24 Mar 1394 Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster (age 40) died at Leicester Castle [Map]. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark [Map].

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 58) died at Leicester Castle [Map]. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster (age 48) was by his side. He was buried in the Choir of St Paul's Cathedral [Map] with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster. His son King Henry IV of England (age 31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster, 7th Earl of Leicester.

King Richard II of England (age 32) witheld the future Henry IV's (age 31) inheritance from him giving Henry (age 31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester Castle, St Mary de Castro Leicester [Map]

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 64) was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark [Map], or possibly the Hospital Chapel, at a ceremony attended by King Edward III of England (age 32) and his wife Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 31). His son Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (age 35) subsequently moved had his remains moved to St Mary de Castro Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

Before 1367 Geoffrey Chaucer (age 24) and Philippa Roet (age 20) were married at St Mary de Castro Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

In 1618 Mabel Faunt died. She was buried at St Mary de Castro Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester Cathedral [Map]

In 1786 Archdeacon Andrew Burnaby (age 53) was appointed Archdeacon of Leicester.

On 26 Mar 2015 King Richard III of England was reburied at Leicester Cathedral [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester Roman Bridge [Map]

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum [Map] aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge [Map] entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street [Map] to the North-East Gate [Map] and thereafter along Haymarket [Map] and Belgrave Gate [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester, Newarke

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester, Newarke, Staunton

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester, Newarke, Staunton, St Mary's Church

Effigy of Sir William de Staunton. THIS singular tomb in Staunton Church, Nottinghamshire, commemorates Sir William de Staunton. This family, who took their surname from the spot where they were settled and had possessions, are said to have nourished there before the æra of the Norman Conquest. A rhyming herald of the sixteenth century, speaking of them, says,

"The first Sir Mauger Staunton, Knight,

Before Wiiiiam came in-"

They held their lands at Staunton by tenure of castle guard of the Lords of Belvoir. There was a tower in that fortress [Map] called Staunton Tower, which they, by obligation of the tenure no doubt, built and kept in repair. Sir William was the son of Sir Geoffrey de Staunton and Alice his wife. He was a knight of active reputation, favoured by Edward I and employed in his service. He made his will in 1312, and from it we may gather that he was under a vow of pilgrimage to the Holy Land, for he left a bequest of five marks each to two footmen who should go "the first passage," in his name. He died in 1326. The monumental stone of Sir William de Staunton is somewhat fanciful; it appears intended to represent him lying in his coffin, the lid of which is cut away to show the figure as far as the elbows, and the feet to the ancles. On the centre of the stone is his helmet, and his shield with two chevronsa. Round the edge of the stone runs the following inscription in the black letter character, being an early instance of its adoption.

Hic jacet Will's de Staunton miles filius galfridde eademb militis que obiit in idu maii anno d'ni......CCXXVI cui' an .. p'picietur. On that part of his surcoat visible, the upper of the two chevrons appears.

Note a. A seal of his Father Geoffrey, appendant to a charter, bears two bars and a!arge canton, charged with a mullet of six points. His son, it appears, adopted another coat: his seal, as well the tomb, exhibits the two chevrons. Legend, s . WILL . DE . STANTON . MILITIS.

Note b. Blundered for Galfridi ejusdem, as also que for qui, the second following word.

Europe, British Isles, North-Central England, Leicestershire, Leicester, North-East Gate [Map]

Fosse Way Leicester. At Ratae Corieltavorum [Map] aka Leicester the Fosse way crossed the River Soar at Leicester Roman Bridge [Map] entering the town by the west gate. Thereafter it continued straight along the High Street [Map] to the North-East Gate [Map] and thereafter along Haymarket [Map] and Belgrave Gate [Map].