Europe, British Isles, North-East England, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]

Newcastle upon Tyne is in Tyne and Wear.

1174 Battle of Alnwick

1312 Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

1461 Battle of Towton

1464 Battle of Hedgeley Moor

1464 Battle of Hexham

1640 Second Bishop's War

Flowers of History. 1080. Pope Hildebraud, who is also called Gregory, predicted, as if he had been informed of it by divine revelation, that a false king would die this year. His prediction, indeed, was true; but he was deceived in his opinion and conjecture as to who the false king was, for he interpreted the phrophecy according to his own wish, as if it concerned the emperor Henry. But the emperor fought a sever battle, in which he slew the false king of Saxony, whose name was Radulf, with many princes of Saxony. That same year, the town of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] was founded by King William (age 52).

On 04 Aug 1306 John Seton (age 28) was hanged at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] following his capture by English forces after the fall of Tibbers Castle, Carronbridge.

Around 1314 Margaret Grey was born to Thomas Grey (age 34) and Agnes Bayles in Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 27 May 1378 Margaret Grey (age 64) died in Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Froissart. Before 05 Aug 1388. Now let us speak of the earl Douglas (age 30) and other, for they had more to do than they that went by Carlisle, Cumberland [Map]. When the earls of Douglas (age 30), of Moray (age 46), of March, and Dunbar (age 50)1 departed from the great host, they took their way thinking to pass the water and to enter into the bishopric of Durham, and to ride to the town and then to return, brenning and exiling the country and so to come to Newcastle [Map] and to lodge there in the town in the despite of all the Englishmen. And as they determined, so they did assay to put it in use, for they rode a great pace under covert without doing of any pillage by the way or assaulting of any castle, tower or house, but so came into the lord Percy's land and passed the river of Tyne without any let a three leagues above Newcastle not far from Brancepeth, and at last entered into the bishopric of Durham, where they found a good country. Then they began to make war, to slay people and to bren villages and to do many sore displeasures.

Note 1. George, earl of March and Dunbar (age 50): the text gives Mare, but there was at this time no earl of Mar.

Around 1419 Matthew Redman (age 24) died at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Battle of Towton

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. 03 Apr 1461. The Erle of Devynschyre (age 29) was seke, and might not voyde a waye, and was take and be heddyd. And the Erle of Wylte schyre (age 40) was take and brought unto Newe Castell [Map] to the King. And there his hedde was smete of, and send unto London to be sette uppon London Brygge [Map]. And Docter Morton (age 41), the Prynces chaunceler, was take with him and put in the Towre, but he schapyd a way long tyme aftyr, and is by yonde the see with the Quene, &c.

On 01 May 1461 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde (age 40) was beheaded at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] having been captured at, or after, the Battle of Towton. His brother John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde (age 39) succeeded 6th Earl Ormonde. Earl Wiltshire forfeit.

Chronicle of Gregory 1462. 1462. Alle so the King (age 19) son aftyr dysposyd hym, and was purposyd to ryde into Yorke schyre and to the contray a boute, to see and understonde the dysposyscyon of the pepylle of the Northe. And toke with him the Duke of Somersett (age 25), and ij C [200] of his men welle horsyd and welle i-harnaysyd. Ande the said Duke, Harry of Somersett, ande his men were made the Kyngys garde, for the Kyng hadde that duke in moche favyr and trustyd him welle. But [t]e garde of him was as men shulde put a lombe a monge wolvysse of malyscyus bestys; but Alle mighty God was the scheparde. And whenn the King departyd from London he toke his way to Northehampton [Map], and thedyr the King com a Syn Jamys day the Apostylle, ande that fals duke with hym. And the comyns of the towne of Northehampton [Map] and of the schyre a-boute sawe that the fals duke and traytoure was so nyghe the Kyngys presens and was made his garde. The comyns a rosse uppon that fals traytur thee Duke of Somersett, and wolde have slayne him with yn the kyngys palys. And then the King with fayre speche and grete defeculte savyde his lyffe for that tyme, and that was pytte, for the savynge of his lyffe at that tyme causyd mony mannys dethys son aftyr, as ye shalle heyre. And then the Duke sende that fals Duke of Somersett in to a castelle of his owne full secretly, for save garde of his the dukys lyffe, and the dukys men unto Newe Castelle [Map], to kepe the towne, and gave them goode wages full treuly payde. And the Kyng full lovyngly gave the comyns of Northehampton [Map] a tonne of wyne that they shulde drynke and make mery. And [t]e wyne was drunkyn merely in the market place, for they hadde many fayre pecys of sylvyr. I darsay ther is no taverne that hathe not so moche of stuffe as they occupyde in his her tavernys. For some fette wyne in basynnys, and some in caudryns, and some in bollys, and some in pannys and some in dyschys. Loo, the grete tresoure that they scheuyd that tyme.

Chronicle of Gregory 1463. Dec 1463. Ande then the King, owre sovereign lord Edward the iiij, hadde knowleche of his fals dysposyscyon of this fals Duke Harry of Somersett (age 27). The King sende a grete feleschippe of his housolde men to kepe the towne of Newecastelle [Map], and made the Lord Scrope of Bolton (age 26) captayne of the towne; and soo they kept it surely alle that wyntyr.

Chronicle of Gregory 1463. Dec 1463. Ande this same year a-boute Crystysmas that fals Duke of Somersett (age 27), without any leve of the kyng, stale out of Walys [Map] with a prevy mayny towarde the Newecastelle [Map], for he and his men were confeteryde for to have be-trayde the said Newecastelle [Map]. And in [t]ewey thedyrwarde he was aspyde, and lyke to have ben takyn be syde Dereham in his bedde. Notwithstondynge he a schapyde a-way in his schyrt and barefote, and ij of his men were take. And they toke with them that fals dukys caskette and his harneys. And whenn that his men knew that he was aschapyd, and his fals treson aspyde, his men stale from the Newecastelle [Map] as very fals traytourys, and some of them were take and loste her heddys for her labur, &c.

Battle of Hedgeley Moor

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. Before 25 Apr 1464. The poyntement was that they Schottys and [t]ey shulde mete at Yorke. And then was my Lord of Mountegewe (age 33) assygnyd to fecche yn the Schottys pesseabylly, for he was Wardon of the Marchys. And then my Lord of Mountegewe (age 33) toke his jornaye towarde the Newe Castelle [Map]. And by the waye was full falsely i-purvyde that fals Duke Harry of Somersett (age 28) and Percy (age 39), with her feleschyppe assocyat unto them, that there was layde by the waye, a lytylle from the Newecastel, in a woode, that fals traytoure Syr Umfray Nevyle (age 25), with iiij schore [Note. 80] sperys, and the bowys there too. And they shulde have falle on the Lord Mountegeue (age 33) sodenly, and slayne him sodenly, but, God be thonkyd, her fals treson was aspyde and knowe. And thenne the Lord Montegewe (age 33) toke a nothyr waye, and made to be gaderyd a grete feleschippe, and went to the Newecastelle [Map], and soo toke his jornaye unto Norham [Map] warde. Ande in the wey thedyrwarde there met with him that fals Duke of Somersette (age 28), Syr Raffe Percy (age 39), the Lord Hungerforde (age 33), and the Lord Roos (age 36), whythe alle her company, to the nombyr of vM [Note. 5000] men of armys. And this metynge was a pon Synte Markys day; and that same day was Syr Raffe Percy (age 39) slayne. And whenn that he was dede alle the party was schomfytyd and put to rebuke. Ande every man avoydyd and toke his way with full sory hertys. And then my Lord of Mountegeue (age 33) toke his hors and roode to Norham, and fecchyd yn the Schottys, and brought them unto the Lordys Commyssyonourys. And there was concludyd a pes [Note. peace] for xv year with the Schottys. And the Schottys ben trewe it moste nedys contynu so longe, but hit is harde for to tryste unto hem, for they byn evyr founde full of gyle and dyssayte.

Battle of Hexham

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. 14 May 1464. Ande the xiiij daye of May nexte aftyr, my Lord of Mountegeue (age 33) toke his jornaye toward Hexham from the Newecastelle [Map]. And there he toke that fals Duke Harry Beuford of Somersett (age 28), the Lord Roos (deceased), the Lord Hungerforde (age 33), Syr Pylyppe Wenteworthe (age 40), Syr Thomas Fyndorne, whythe many o[t]yr; loo, soo manly a man is this good Erle Mountegewe, for he sparyd not her malysse, nor her falssenysse, nor gyle, nor treson, and toke meny of men and slowe many one in that jornaye.

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. 17 May 1464. At the Newecastelle [Map], the xvij day of May, he let to be smete of the heddys, as the namys of them done appere here aftyr in wrytynge: first, the hedde of the Lord Hungerforde (age 33), the Lord Roos (deceased), Syr Thomas Fyndorne, Barnarde de la Mare, Nycholas Massam.

Chronicle of Gregory 1464. Around 18 May 1464. Ande be syde Newecastelle [Map], the same monythe, [t]er was i-take Taylbosse (age 49) in a cole pyt, and he hadde moche mony with hym, bothe golde and sylvyr, that schulde have gon unto Kyng Harry: and yf [it] had come to Harry, lat King of Ingelonde, it wolde have causyd moche sory sorowe, for he had ordaynyd harneys and ordenance i-nowe, but the men wolde not go one fote with him tylle they had mony. And they waytyd dayly and howrely for mony that this Taylebosse (age 49) shulde have send unto them or brought it; the summa was iijMl [Note. 3000] marke. And the lordys mayny of Montegewe were sore hurte and seke, and many of his men wer slayne by for in the grete jornays, but this mony was departyd a-monge hem, and was a very holsum salfe for hem. And in the day folowyng Taylebosse (age 49) loste his hedde at Newecastelle [Map].

Nowe take hede what love may doo, for love wylle not nor may not caste no faute nor perelle in noo thyng.

Around 20 May 1464 William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (age 49) was captured carrying 3000 marks of Lancastrian army funds at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 15 Oct 1542 William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton (age 52) died at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. Earl of Southampton extinct. Anthony Browne (age 42) inherited Cowdray House [Map].

In 1572 Thomas Liddell of Newcastle upon Tyne was appointed Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1584 Henry Mitford of Newcastle on Tyne (age 41) was elected Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1597 Thomas Liddell of Ravensworth Castle (age 42) was appointed Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1609 Thomas Liddell of Ravensworth Castle (age 54) was appointed Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1625 Thomas Liddell 1st Baronet (age 47) was appointed Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1634 Thomas Liddell 1st Baronet (age 56) was appointed Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1636 Thomas Liddell 1st Baronet (age 58) was appointed Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1637 John Marlay (age 47) was elected Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Second Bishop's War

Between Jun 1640 and Oct 1640 the Second Bishop's War was an attack by the Scottish Covenanters into England against King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 39). The Scots crossed into Northumberland reaching Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. In Oct 1640 King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 39) sued for peace.

In 1642 John Marlay (age 52) was elected Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Before 03 Feb 1644 John Marlay (age 54) was appointed Governor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. He defended the city during seven months of siege by the Scots army.

Around 1650 Captain Anthony Marlay was born to John Marlay (age 60) at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1661 John Marlay (age 71) was elected Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Pepy's Diary. 23 Nov 1663. Here Mr. Moore and I parted, and I up to the Speaker's chamber, and there met Mr. Coventry (age 35) by appointment to discourse about Field's business, and thence we parting I homewards and called at the Coffeehouse, and there by great accident hear that a letter is come that our ship is safe come to Newcastle [Map]. With this news I went like an asse presently to Alderman Backewell (age 45) and, told him of it, and he and I went to the African House in Broad Street to have spoke with Sir W. Rider to tell him of it, but missed him. Now what an opportunity had I to have concealed this and seemed to have made an insurance and got £100 with the least trouble and danger in the whole world. This troubles me to think I should be so oversoon.

Pepy's Diary. 25 Nov 1663. I left him in good humour, and I to White Hall, to the Duke of York (age 30) and Mr. Coventry (age 35), and there advised about insuring the hempe ship at 12 per cent., notwithstanding her being come to Newcastle [Map], and I do hope that in all my three places which are now my hopes and supports I may not now fear any thing, but with care, which through the Lord's blessing I will never more neglect, I don't doubt but to keep myself up with them all. For in the Duke (age 30), and Mr. Coventry (age 35), my Lord Sandwich (age 38) and Sir G. Carteret (age 53) I place my greatest hopes, and it pleased me yesterday that Mr. Coventry (age 35) in the coach (he carrying me to the Exchange [Map] at noon from the office) did, speaking of Sir W. Batten (age 62), say that though there was a difference between them, yet he would embrace any good motion of Sir W. Batten (age 62) to the King's advantage as well as of Mr. Pepys' or any friend he had. And when I talked that I would go about doing something of the Controller's work when I had time, and that I thought the Controller would not take it ill, he wittily replied that there was nothing in the world so hateful as a dog in the manger.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Jun 1667. They gone, I continued in fright and fear what to do with the rest. W. Hewer (age 25) hath been at the banker's, and hath got £500 out of Backewell's hands of his own money; but they are so called upon that they will be all broke, hundreds coming to them for money: and their answer is, "It is payable at twenty days-when the days are out, we will pay you"; and those that are not so, they make tell over their money, and make their bags false, on purpose to give cause to retell it, and so spend time. I cannot have my 200 pieces of gold again for silver, all being bought up last night that were to be had, and sold for 24 and 25s. a-piece. So I must keep the silver by me, which sometimes I think to fling into the house of office, and then again know not how I shall come by it, if we be made to leave the office. Every minute some one or other calls for this or that order; and so I forced to be at the office, most of the day, about the fire-ships which are to be suddenly fitted out: and it's a most strange thing that we hear nothing from any of my brethren at Chatham, Kent [Map]; so that we are wholly in the dark, various being the reports of what is done there; insomuch that I sent Mr. Clapham express thither to see how matters go: I did, about noon, resolve to send Mr. Gibson away after my wife with another 1000 pieces, under colour of an express to Sir Jeremy Smith; who is, as I hear, with some ships at Newcastle [Map]; which I did really send to him, and may, possibly, prove of good use to the King (age 37); for it is possible, in the hurry of business, they may not think of it at Court, and the charge of an express is not considerable to the King (age 37).

Pepy's Diary. 23 Jun 1667. The King of France (age 28), it is believed, is engaged for this year1 so that we shall be safe as to him. The great misery the City and kingdom is like to suffer for want of coals in a little time is very visible, and, is feared, will breed a mutiny; for we are not in any prospect to command the sea for our colliers to come, but rather, it is feared, the Dutch may go and burn all our colliers at Newcastle [Map]; though others do say that they lie safe enough there. No news at all of late from Bredagh what our Treaters do.

Note 1. Louis XIV (age 28) was at this time in Flanders, with his Queen (age 28), his mistresses, and all his Court. Turenne commanded under him. Whilst Charles was hunting moths at Baroness Castlemaine's (age 26), and the English fleet was burning, Louis was carrying on the campaign with vigour. Armentieres was taken on the 28th May; Charleroi on the 2nd June, St. Winox on the 6th, Fumes on the 12th, Ath on the 16th, Toumay on the 24th; the Escarpe on the 6th July, Courtray on the 18th, Audenarde on the 31st; and Lisle on the 27th August. B.

Pepy's Diary. 08 Sep 1667. I went to the King's Chapel to the closet, and there I hear Cresset sing a tenor part along with the Church musick very handsomely, but so loud that people did laugh at him, as a thing done for ostentation. Here I met Sir G. Downing (age 42), who would speak with me, and first to inquire what I paid for my kid's leather gloves I had on my hand, and shewed me others on his, as handsome, as good in all points, cost him but 12d. a pair, and mine me 2s. He told me he had been seven years finding out a man that could dress English sheepskin as it should be-and, indeed, it is now as good, in all respects, as kid, and he says will save £100,000 a-year, that goes out to France for kid's skins. Thus he labours very worthily to advance our own trade, but do it with mighty vanity and talking. But then he told me of our base condition, in the treaty with Holland and France, about our prisoners, that whereas before we did clear one another's prisoners, man for man, and we upon the publication of the peace did release all our's, 300 at Leith, and others in other places for nothing, the Dutch do keep theirs, and will not discharge them with[out] paying their debts according to the Treaty. That his instruments in Holland, writing to our Embassadors about this to Bredagh, they answer them that they do not know of any thing that they have done therein, but left it just as it was before. To which, when they answer, that by the treaty their Lordships had [not] bound our countrymen to pay their debts in prison, they answer they cannot help it, and we must get them off as cheap as we can. On this score, they demand £1100 for Sir G. Ascue (age 51), and £5000 for the one province of Zealand, for the prisoners that we have therein. He says that this is a piece of shame that never any nation committed, and that our very Lords here of the Council, when he related this matter to them, did not remember that they had agreed to this article; and swears that all their articles are alike, as the giving away Polleroon, and Surinam, and Nova Scotia, which hath a river 300 miles up the country, with copper mines more than Swedeland, and Newcastle [Map] coals, the only place in America that hath coals that we know of; and that Cromwell did value those places, and would for ever have made much of them; but we have given them away for nothing, besides a debt to the King of Denmarke (age 58). But, which is most of all, they have discharged those very particular demands of merchants of the Guinny company and others, which he, when he was there, had adjusted with the Dutch, and come to an agreement in writing, and they undertaken to satisfy, and that this was done in black and white under their hands; and yet we have forgiven all these, and not so much as sent to Sir G. Downing (age 42) to know what he had done, or to confer with him about any one point of the treaty, but signed to what they would have, and we here signed to whatever in grosse was brought over by Mr. Coventry (age 39). And [Sir G. Downing (age 42)] tells me, just in these words, "My Chancellor (age 58) had a mind to keep himself from being questioned by clapping up a peace upon any terms". When I answered that there was other privy-councillors to be advised with besides him, and that, therefore, this whole peace could not be laid to his charge, he answered that nobody durst say any thing at the council-table but himself, and that the King (age 37) was as much afeard of saying any thing there as the meanest privy-councillor; and says more, that at this day the King (age 37), in familiar talk, do call the Chancellor (age 58) "the insolent man", and says that he would not let him speak himself in Council: which is very high, and do shew that the Chancellor (age 58) is like to be in a bad state, unless he can defend himself better than people think. And yet Creed tells me that he do hear that my Lord Cornbury do say that his father do long for the coming of the Parliament, in order to his own vindication, more than any one of his enemies.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Sep 1667. Called up by people come to deliver in ten chaldron of coals, brought in one of our prizes from Newcastle [Map]. The rest we intend to sell, we having above ten chaldron between us. They sell at about 28s. or 29s. per chaldron; but Sir W. Batten (age 66) hath sworn that he was a cuckold that sells under 30s., and that makes us lay up all but what we have for our own spending, which is very pleasant; for I believe we shall be glad to sell them for less.

Pepy's Diary. 11 Dec 1667. Thence home to dinner, and would have had Harris (age 33) home with me, but it was too late for him to get to the playhouse after it, and so home to dinner, and spent the afternoon talking with my wife and people at home till the evening, and then comes Sir W. Warren to talk about some business of his and mine: and he, I find, would have me not to think that the Parliament, in the mind they are in, and having so many good offices in their view to dispose of, will leave any of the King's officers in, but will rout all, though I am likely to escape as well as any, if any can escape; and I think he is in the right, and I do look for it accordingly. Then we fell to discourse of my little vessel, "The Maybolt", and he thinks that it will be best for me to employ her for a voyage to Newcastle [Map] for coles, they being now dear, and the voyage not long, nor dangerous yet; and I think I shall go near to do so. Then, talking of his business, I away to the office, where very busy, and thither comes Sir W. Pen (age 46), and he and I walked together in the garden, and there told me what passed to-day with him in the Committee, by my Lord Sandwich's (age 42) breaking bulk of the prizes; and he do seem to me that he hath left it pretty well understood by them, he saying that what my Lord did was done at the desire, and with the advice, of the chief officers of the fleete, and that it was no more than admirals heretofore have done in like cases, which, if it be true that he said it, is very well, and did please me well. He being gone, I to my office again and there late, and so weary home.

Pepy's Diary. 31 Dec 1667. After dinner with my wife and girl to Unthanke's, and there left her, and I to Westminster, and there to Mrs. Martin's, and did hazer con elle what I desired, and there did drink with her, and find fault with her husband's wearing of too fine clothes, by which I perceive he will be a beggar, and so after a little talking I away and took up my wife again, and so home and to the office, where Captain Perryman did give me an account, walking in the garden, how the seamen of England are discouraged by want of money (or otherwise by being, as he says, but I think without cause, by their being underrated) so far as that he thinks the greatest part are gone abroad or going, and says that it is known that there are Irish in the town, up and down, that do labour to entice the seamen out of the nation by giving them £3 in hand, and promise of 40s. per month, to go into the King of France's (age 29) service, which is a mighty shame, but yet I believe is true. I did advise with him about my little vessel, "The Maybolt", which he says will be best for me to sell, though my employing her to Newcastle [Map] this winter, and the next spring, for coles, will be a gainful trade, but yet make me great trouble, but I will think of it, and so to my office, ended my letters, and so home to supper and to bed, good friends with my wife. Thus ends the year, with great happiness to myself and family as to health and good condition in the world, blessed be God for it! only with great trouble to my mind in reference to the publick, there being little hopes left but that the whole nation must in a very little time be lost, either by troubles at home, the Parliament being dissatisfied, and the King (age 37) led into unsettled councils by some about him, himself considering little, and divisions growing between the King (age 37) and Duke of York (age 34); or else by foreign invasion, to which we must submit if any, at this bad point of time, should come upon us, which the King of France (age 29) is well able to do. These thoughts, and some cares upon me, concerning my standing in this Office when the Committee of Parliament shall come to examine our Navy matters, which they will now shortly do. I pray God they may do the Kingdom service therein, as they will have sufficient opportunity of doing it!

Pepy's Diary. 13 Nov 1668. Up, and with Sir W. Pen (age 47) by coach to White Hall, where to the Duke of York (age 35), and there did our usual business; and thence I to the Commissioners of the Treasury, where I staid, and heard an excellent case argued between my Lord Gerard (age 50) and the Town of Newcastle [Map], about a piece of ground which that Lord hath got a grant of, under the Exchequer Seal, which they were endeavouring to get of the King (age 38) under the Great Seal. I liked mightily the Counsel for the town, Shaftow, their Recorder, and Mr. Offly. But I was troubled, and so were the Lords, to hear my Lord fly out against their great pretence of merit from the King (age 38), for their sufferings and loyalty; telling them that they might thank him for that repute which they have for their loyalty, for that it was he that forced them to be so, against their wills, when he was there: and, moreover, did offer a paper to the Lords to read from the Town, sent in 1648; but the Lords would not read it; but I believe it was something about bringing the King (age 38) to trial, or some such thing, in that year.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Sep 1677. To divert me, my Lord (age 59) would needs carry me to see Ipswich, Suffolk [Map], when we dined with one Mr. Mann by the way, who was Recorder of the town. There were in our company my Lord Huntingtower (age 28), son to the Duchess of Lauderdale (age 50), Sir Edward Bacon, a learned gentleman of the family of the great Chancellor Verulam, and Sir John Felton, with some other knights and gentlemen. After dinner came the bailiff and magistrates in their formalities with their maces to compliment my Lord (age 59), and invite him to the town-house, where they presented us a collation of dried sweetmeats and wine, the bells ringing, etc. Then, we went to see the town, and first, the Lord Viscount Hereford's (age 3) house, which stands in a park near the town, like that at Brussels, in Flanders; the house not great, yet pretty, especially the hall. The stews for fish succeeded one another, and feed one the other, all paved at bottom. There is a good picture of the blessed virgin in one of the parlors, seeming to be of Holbein, or some good master. Then we saw the Haven, seven miles from Harwich [Map]. The tide runs out every day, but the bedding being soft mud, it is safe for shipping and a station. The trade of Ipswich, Suffolk [Map] is for the most part Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] coals, with which they supply London; but it was formerly a clothing town. There is not any beggar asks alms in the whole place, a thing very extraordinary, so ordered by the prudence of the magistrates. It has in it fourteen or fifteen beautiful churches: in a word, it is for building, cleanness, and good order, one of the best towns in England. Cardinal Wolsey was a butcher's son of Ipswich, but there is little of that magnificent Prelate's foundation here, besides a school and I think a library, which I did not see. His intentions were to build some great thing. We returned late to Euston, Suffolk, having traveled about fifty miles this day.

On 22 Aug 1701 Ferdinando Forster (age 31) was attending a dinner at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] for the grand jury of the county. He quarrelled with John Fenwick of Rock. One account relates that Fenwick entered singing "a favourite party song" to the refrain of "Sir John Fenwick's the flower among them" and thereby provoked Forster, while another claims that Forster angered Fenwick by stating that there were "too many such [i.e. Tories] in the House". Though the two men were prevented from fighting at the dinner, they met the following day in Newcastle, drew swords and in the resulting skirmish Forster was killed.

On 14 Jan 1737 Robert Chambers was born to Robert Chambers at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 03 Jul 1795 Denis Le Marchant 1st Baronet was born to Major-General John Le Marchant (age 29) at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1858 Margaret Losh died. Her daughter Alice Boyd 14th of Penkill (age 33), now having lost both parents, went to live with her maternal grandfather William Losh in Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

In 1859 Alice Boyd 14th of Penkill (age 34) became a pupil of William Bell Scott (age 48) whilst he was teaching at the Government School of Design at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 19 Oct 1944 Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] was stormed and the city garrison led by John Marlay retreated to the castle. He held out there for another three days, possibly longer, and then surrendered on the promise of mercy for himself and his men. For the offence of having refused the terms of surrender, Marlay was proscribed, banished and driven into exile: for the next few years he lived mainly in the Spanish Netherlands. His estates were forfeited, and his collieries sold, and he sank into poverty.

Froissart. And on the third day they dislodged and went forward till they came to the full of flint and great stones, called the water of Tyne. And on this river standeth the town and castle of Carlisle, [Note. Carlisle is on the River Eden rather than the River Tyne] the which sometime was king Arthur's, and held his court there oftentimes. Also on that river is assised the town of Newcastle-upon-Tyne [Map], in the which town was ready the marshal of England with a great company of men of arms, to keep the country against the Scots: and at Carlisle [Map] was the lord Hereford and the lord Mowbray, who were governours there, to defend the Scots the passage; for the Scots could not enter into England, but they must pass this said river in one place or other. The Englishmen could hear no tidings of the Scots till they were come to the entry of the said country. The Scots were passed this river so privily, that they of Carlisle [Map] nor yet of Newcastle [Map] knew nothing thereof, for between the said towns it was twenty-four English mile. [Note. Geographical error. Fifty miles]

Froissart. Thus rode forth all that day the young king of England by mountains and deserts without finding any highway, town or village. And when it was against night they came to the river of Tyne, to the same place whereas the Scots had passed over into England, wtening to them that they must needs repass again the same way. Then the king of England and his host passed over the same river with such guides as he had, with much pain and travail, for the passage was full of great stones. And when they were over, they lodged them that night by the river side, and by that time the sun was gone to rest, and there was but few among them that had either axe or hook, or any instrument to cut down any wood to make their lodgings withal; and there were many that had lost their own company and wist not where they were. Some of the footmen were far behind and wist not well what way to take; but such as knew best the country said plainly they had ridden the same day twenty-four English miles, for they rode as fast as they might without any rest, but at such passages as they could not choose. All this night they lay by this river side, still in their harness, holding their horses by their reins in their hands, for they wist not whereunto to tie them. Thus their horses did eat no meat of all that night nor day before: they had neither oats for forage for them, nor the people of the host had no sustenance of all that day nor night, but every man his loaf that he had carried behind him, the which was sore wet with the sweat of the horses; nor they drank none other drink but the water of the river, without it were some of the lords that had carried bottles with them; nor they had no fire nor light, for they had nothing to make light withal, without it were some of the lords that had torches brought with them.

In this great trouble and danger they passed all that night, their armour still on their backs, their horses ready saddled. And when the day began to appear, the which was greatly desired of all the whole host, they trusted then to find some redress for themselves and for their horses, or else to fight with their enemies, the which they greatly desired to the intent to be delivered out of tantes; but so all that night they were fain to fast, nor their horses had nothing but leaves of trees and herbs: they cut down boughs of trees with their swords to tie withal their horses and to make themselves lodges. And about noon some poor folks of the country were found, and they said how they were as then fourteen mile from Newcastle-upon-Tyne [Map], and eleven mile from Carlisle [Map], and that there was no town nearer to them wherein they might find anything to do them ease withal. And when this was shewed to the king and to the lords of his council, incontinent were sent thither horses and sumpters to fetch thence some purveyance; and there was a cry in the king's name made in the town of Newcastle, that whosoever would bring bread or wine or any other victual should be paid therefore incontinent at a good price, and that they should be conducted to the host in safe-guard; for it was published openly that the king nor his host would not depart from the place that they were in, till they had some tidings where their enemies were become. And the next day by noon such as had been sent for victual returned again to the host with such purveyances as they could get, and that was not over much, and with them came other folks of the country with little nags charged with bread evil baken in panniers, and small poor wine in barrels, and other victual to sell in the host, whereby great part of the host were well refreshed and eased.

Europe, British Isles, North-East England, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Newcastle upon Tyne, Cathedral Church St Nicholas [Map]

On 09 Sep 1576 Thomas Liddell of Ravensworth Castle (age 21) and Margaret Watson (age 20) were married at St Nicholas Church, Newcastle-upon-Tyne [Map].

In May 1596 Henry Mitford of Newcastle on Tyne (age 53) died. He was buried at Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Around May 1596 Barbara Perkinson died. She was buried at Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] with her husband.

On 02 Apr 1646 Ralph Delaval 1st Baronet (age 23) and Anne Leslie Lady Delaval were married at Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. She the daughter of Alexander Leslie 1st Earl Leven (age 66).

In Oct 1673 John Marlay (age 83) died. He was buried at the St George's Porch of Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 07 Apr 1674 Elizabeth Kirkley died. She was buried at Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 22 Jan 1685 William Blackett 1st Baronet (age 27) and Julia Conyers were married at Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward IV of England.

On 25 Sep 1728 William Blackett 2nd Baronet (age 38) died without issue. He was buried in Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. Baronet Blackett of Newcastle upon Tyne in Northumberland extinct. His nephew Walter Calverley aka Blackett (age 20) inherited his estates at Allendale, Northumberland and Wallington Hall, Cambo on condition that he marry William's illegitmate daughter Elizabeth Orde Lady Blackett, apparently within twelve months although he was late by four days, and change his surname to Blackett, which he duly did. He changed his surname by an Act of Parliament in 1733.

On 21 Sep 1759 Elizabeth Orde Lady Blackett died. She was buried on 28 Sep 1759 at the Cathedral Church St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-East England, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Greyfriar's Church Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]

On 26 May 1464 William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (age 49) was beheaded at Sandhills, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] having been captured after the Battle of Hexham. He was buried at Greyfriar's Church Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. His son Robert Tailboys 8th Baron Kyme (age 14) succeeded 8th Baron Kyme. Elizabeth Heron Baroness Kyme (age 11) by marriage Baroness Kyme.

Europe, British Isles, North-East England, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Newcastle upon Tyne, Jesmond [Map]

On 01 Dec 1881 Elizabeth Amy Robinson (age 25) died. She was buried at Jesmond [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-East England, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle on Tyne Castle [Map]

Flowers of History. 1080. This year also, king William (age 52) led a powerful army into Wales, and subjugated it; and received homage and hostages for their fidelity from the petty kings of the viscounty. The same year, Antioch was taken by the pagans, together with the adjacent province, which had been a Christian land ever since the time of Saint Peter, without any disturbances. The same year, Malcolm, king of Scotland (age 48), became furious a second time after the Assumption of the blessed Virgin Mary, and ravaged the whole of Northumberland, as far as the river Tyne. But when he heard of this, the king of England (age 52) sent his son Robert (age 29) with an army into Scotland, who returned without having succeeded in his objects, and built a new castle [Map] in the river Tyne, and then returned to his father. The same year also, the king sent his brother Odo, bishop of Bayeux, with a large army, to lay waste Northumberland, the people of which district had risen in insurrection against the king, and had murdered Walcher, bishop of Durham, a man of exemplary character, at Gateshead.

On 13 Jul 1174 a small army commanded by Ranulf Glanville (age 62) with Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester (age 27) surprised William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214's army in a dawn raid known as the Battle of Alnwick near Alnwick, Northumberland [Map]. William "Lion" I King Scotland (age 31) was captured and imprisoned initially in Newcastle on Tyne Castle [Map]. He was subsequently moved to the more remote, and secure, Falaise Castle [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-East England, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Newcastle upon Tyne, Sandhills [Map]

On 26 May 1464 William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (age 49) was beheaded at Sandhills, Newcastle upon Tyne [Map] having been captured after the Battle of Hexham. He was buried at Greyfriar's Church Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]. His son Robert Tailboys 8th Baron Kyme (age 14) succeeded 8th Baron Kyme. Elizabeth Heron Baroness Kyme (age 11) by marriage Baroness Kyme.

Europe, British Isles, North-East England, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, St Andrew's Church Newcastle upon Tyne [Map]

On 07 Jan 1707 Walter Calverly 1st Baronet (age 37) and Julia Blacket Lady Calverley (age 20) were married at St Andrew's Church Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

Europe, British Isles, North-East England, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Newcastle upon Tyne, Wallsend [Map]

In 1955 Julia Tobin was born at Wallsend [Map].