Earl Hertford

Earl Hertford is in Earldoms of England Alphabetically.

1308 de Clare and de Burgh Double Marriage

1314 Battle of Bannockburn

1537 Birth and Christening Edward VI

1552 Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

Earl Hertford (1st Creation)

In 1138 Gilbert de Clare 1st Earl Hertford (age 23) was created 1st Earl Hertford.

In 1153 Gilbert de Clare 1st Earl Hertford (age 38) died. He was buried at Clare Priory, Suffolk [Map]. His brother Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford (age 37) succeeded 2nd Earl Hertford. Rohese Vere Countess Essex and Hertford (age 43) by marriage Countess Hertford.

In or before 1156 Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford (age 40) and Maud St Hilary Countess Hertford were married. She by marriage Countess Hertford.

In 1172 Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford (age 19) and Amice Fitzrobert Countess Hertford were married. She by marriage Countess Hertford. She the daughter of William Fitzrobert 2nd Earl Gloucester and Hawise Beaumont Countess Gloucester. He the son of Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford (age 56) and Maud St Hilary Countess Hertford. She a great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

In 1173 Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford (age 57) died. His son Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford (age 20) succeeded 3rd Earl Hertford, 6th Lord Clare, 6th Lord Tonbridge, 5th Lord Cardigan.

In 1217 Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford (age 64) died. His son Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford (age 37) succeeded 5th Earl Gloucester, 4th Earl Hertford, 7th Lord Clare.

In or before 1218 Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford (age 38) and Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford (age 17) were married. She by marriage Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford. The difference in their ages was 20 years. She the daughter of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke (age 71) and Isabel Clare Countess Pembroke (age 45). He the son of Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford and Amice Fitzrobert Countess Hertford. They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 25 Oct 1230 Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford (age 50) died. His son Richard de Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford (age 8) succeeded 6th Earl Gloucester, 5th Earl Hertford, 8th Lord Clare, 2nd Lord Glamorgan.

Before Nov 1237 Richard de Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford (age 15) and Margaret Burgh Countess Gloucester and Hertford (age 15) were married. She by marriage Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford. She the daughter of Hubert de Burgh Count Mortain 1st Earl Kent (age 67) and Margaret Dunkeld Countess Kent (age 44). He the son of Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford and Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford (age 37). They were half third cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

After Nov 1237 Richard de Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford (age 15) and Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester and Hertford (age 14) were married. She by marriage Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford. She the daughter of John Lacy Earl Lincoln (age 45) and Margaret Quincy 3rd Countess Lincoln and Pembroke (age 31). He the son of Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford and Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Gloucester and Hertford (age 37). They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 30 Apr 1290 Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford (age 46) and Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester and Hertford (age 18) were married at Clerkenwell [Map]. She by marriage Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford. The difference in their ages was 28 years. She the daughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 50) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 49). He the son of Richard de Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford and Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester and Hertford. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 29 Sep 1308 (possibly 30th) in a Siblings Marriage de Clare siblings married de Burgh siblings at Waltham Abbey [Map] in the presence of King Edward II of England (age 24).

John Burgh (age 22) and Elizabeth Clare Lady Verdun (age 13) were married. She the daughter of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford and Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester and Hertford. He the son of Richard "Red Earl" Burgh 2nd Earl Ulster (age 49) and Margaret Burgh Countess Ulster. She a granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Gilbert de Clare 8th Earl Gloucester 7th Earl Hertford (age 17) and Matilda Burgh Countess Gloucester and Hertford (age 20) were married. She by marriage Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford. She the daughter of Richard "Red Earl" Burgh 2nd Earl Ulster (age 49) and Margaret Burgh Countess Ulster. He the son of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford and Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester and Hertford. He a grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 24 Jun 1314 the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 39) including, James "Black" Douglas (age 28), heavily defeated the English army led by King Edward II of England (age 30) at the Battle of Bannockburn.

Gilbert de Clare 8th Earl Gloucester 7th Earl Hertford (age 23) was killed. Earl Gloucester, Earl Hertford extinct.

John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch (age 20), Robert Felton 1st Baron Felton (age 44) and William Vesci were killed.

William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal (age 36) was killed. His son John Marshal 2nd Baron Marshal (age 22) succeeded 2nd Baron Marshal.

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (age 40) was killed. His son Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford (age 14) succeeded 2nd Baron de Clifford.

John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel (age 25) was killed. His son John Lovell 3rd Baron Lovel succeeded 3rd Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh.

Henry Bohun was killed by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 39). He was buried in Llanthony Secunda Priory, Gloucestershire [Map].

Walter Fauconberg 2nd Baron Fauconberg (age 50) possilby died although his death is also reported as being on 31 Dec 1318.

Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere (age 38), Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex (age 38), Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor, Henry Beaumont Earl Buchan (age 35), Aymer de Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 39) and Robert Umfraville 8th Earl Angus (age 37) fought.

Pain Tiptoft 1st Baron Tibetot (age 34) was killed. His son John Tiptoft 2nd Baron Tibetot succeeded 2nd Baron Tibetot.

John Montfort 2nd Baron Montfort (age 23) was killed. Peter Montfort 3rd Baron Montfort (age 23) succeeded 3rd Baron Montfort.

Thomas Grey (age 34) undertook a suicidal charge that contributed to the English defeat and subsequently blemished his career.

William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer of Corby (age 38) was captured.

Michael Poynings (age 44) was killed.

Earl Hertford (2nd Creation)

In Aug 1297 Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer (age 27) was created 1st Earl Gloucester, 1st Earl Hertford. There is some uncertainty as to whether these creations existed, or were created for life only, since they do appear to have been inherited, or whether there is confusion around his having been married to Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester and Hertford (age 25), the widow of the seventh Earl of the first creation Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford.

On 05 Apr 1325 Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer (age 55) died. Earl Gloucester, Earl Hertford extinct. His son Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer (age 23) succeeded 2nd Baron Monthermer.

Earl Hertford (3rd Creation)

On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by Bishop John Stokesley (age 62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace [Map]. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 64) and Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 21) were Godparents.

King Edward VI of England and Ireland was created Duke Cornwall, 1st Earl Chester.

Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long (age 43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex (age 52), Philip Boteler (age 45), John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 66) and John Gage (age 57) attended. Mary Scrope (age 61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 54) carried the canopy.

Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness of Exeter (age 34) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl of Arundel (age 61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton (age 48) attended.

Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 37) was created 1st Earl Hertford.

Nicholas Carew (age 41), Francis Bryan (age 47), Anthony Browne (age 37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford (age 52) surrounded the font.

Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire (age 27), Edward Neville (age 66), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour (age 29), Richard Long (age 43) and John Wallop (age 47) carried the canopy.

Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton and Bishop John Bell attended.

William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton (age 47) was created 1st Earl of Southampton. Mabel Clifford Countess Southampton (age 55) by marriage Countess of Southampton.

On 22 Jan 1552 Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 52) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London [Map]. Duke Somerset, Earl Hertford, Viscount Beauchamp forfeit. His great-grandson William Seymour 2nd Duke of Somerset was restored to the titles in 1660.

Earl Hertford (4th Creation)

Earl Hertford is also in Earldoms of England Chronologically.

In 1559 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 19) was created 1st Earl Hertford, 1st Baron Beauchamp of Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset.

In 1582 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 42) and Frances Howard Countess Hertford (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Hertford. He the son of Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 85). He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 27 May 1601 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 62) and Frances Howard Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 22) were married. She by marriage Countess Hertford. The difference in their ages was 39 years. He the son of Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset. They were half third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Before 24 Oct 1660 William Seymour 2nd Duke of Somerset (age 72) was restored 2nd Duke Somerset, 2nd Earl Hertford, 2nd Baron Beauchamp of Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset. Frances Devereux Duchess of Somerset (age 61) by marriage Duchess Somerset.

On 20 Apr 1678 Francis Seymour 5th Duke of Somerset (age 20) was killed. He was unmarried and childless. He was shot dead by Genoese Horatio Botti whose wife Seymour was said to have insulted at Lerici. His brother Charles Seymour 6th Duke of Somerset (age 15) succeeded 6th Duke Somerset, 6th Earl Hertford, 6th Baron Beauchamp of Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset, 4th Baron Seymour of Trowbridge.

Earl Hertford (5th Creation)

In Aug 1750 Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess Hertford (age 32) was created 1st Earl Hertford, 1st Viscount Beauchamp. Isabella Fitzroy Countess Hertford (age 23) by marriage Countess Hertford.

On 25 Jan 1884 Francis George Hugh Seymour-Conway 5th Marquess Hertford (age 71) died. His son Hugh de Grey Seymour-Conway 6th Marquess Hertford (age 40) succeeded 6th Marquess Hertford, 6th Earl Hertford, 6th Earl of Yarmouth, 6th Viscount Beauchamp, 7th Baron Conway of Ragley in Warwickshire, 7th Baron Conway of Killultagh in Antrim. Mary Hood Marchioness Hertford (age 37) by marriage Marchioness Hertford.

On 22 Dec 1997 Hugh Seymour 8th Marquess Hertford (age 67) died. His son Henry Seymour 9th Marquess of Hertford (age 39) succeeded 9th Marquess Hertford, 9th Earl Hertford, 9th Earl of Yarmouth, 9th Viscount Beauchamp.