Earldoms of England Chronologically

Earldoms of England Chronologically is in Earldoms of England.

1138 Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton

1301 Edward II Created Prince of Wales

1307 Return of Piers Gaveston

1322 Battle of Boroughbridge

1328 Roger Mortimer created Earl of March

1337 Creation of Earls

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1397 John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1414 Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

1464 Battle of Hexham

1483 Richard III Rewards his Supporters

1483 Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1504 Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

1514 Creation and Re-creation of Peerages

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1529 Henry VIII Creates New Peerages

1537 Birth and Christening Edward VI

1543 Parr Family Ennobled

1547 Coronation of Edward VI

1551 Edward VI's 14th Birthday

1605 Marriage of Philip Herbert and Susan Howard

1610 Prince Henry invested as Prince of Wales and Earl Chester

1660 Charles II Proclaimed

1660 July Creation of Peerages

1661 Coronation of Charles II

1689 Coronation William III and Mary II

1690 Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven

1800 Act of Union Peerages

1821 Coronation of King George IV

1831 Coronation of William IV

1876 New Years Appointments

Before 1020 Godwin Godwinson 1st Earl Kent and Wessex (age 19) was created 1st Earl Wessex.

In 1020 Godwin Godwinson 1st Earl Kent and Wessex (age 19) was created 1st Earl Kent.

In 1043 Sweyn Godwinson 1st Earl Hereford (age 22) was created 1st Earl Hereford.

In 1058 King Harold II of England (age 36) was created 1st Earl Hereford.

Around 1066 Ralph "Staller" Gael 1st Earl East Anglia (age 55) was created 1st Earl Norfolk and Suffolk aka East Anglia.

After 1066 Odo Blois Count Troyes, Champagne and Aumale and 1st Earl Holderness (age 26) was created 1st Earl Holderness Feudal. There is some confusion around this creation. His wife, Adelaide Normandy Countess Troyes and Meaux Champagne Aumale Ponthieu (age 36) may have been created Countess of Holderness with Odo holding it by right of his wife.

In 1067 William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford (age 47) was created 1st Earl Hereford.

In 1067 Bishop Odo of Bayeux was created 1st Earl Kent.

In 1070 Osmund 1st Earl Dorset was created 1st Earl Dorset.

Around 1071 Hugh "Wolf Fat" Avranches 1st Earl Chester (age 24) was created 1st Earl Chester.

In Nov 1071 Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl of Shrewsbury was created 1st Earl of Shrewsbury 1C. Adelaide du Puiset Countess Shrewsbury by marriage Countess of Shrewsbury 1C.

In 1072 Brian Penthièvre 1st Earl Cornwall (age 32) was created 1st Earl Cornwall.

In 1088 Henry Beaumont 1st Earl Warwick (age 38) was created 1st Earl Warwick.

Around Mar 1088 William Warenne 1st Earl of Surrey was created 1st Earl Surrey. Gundred Countess of Surrey by marriage Countess Surrey.

In 1121 Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester (age 22) was created 1st Earl Gloucester.

In 1136 Alan "Black" Penthièvre 1st Earl Richmond (age 36) was created 1st Earl Richmond.

In 1138 Gilbert de Clare 1st Earl Hertford (age 23) was created 1st Earl Hertford.

In 1138 Hugh Beaumont (age 32) was created 1st Earl Bedford. There is some doubt as to whether this creation existed.

In 1138 Robert Ferrers 1st Earl of Derby (age 75) was created 1st Earl Derby. Hawise de Vitre Countess Derby (age 69) by marriage Countess Derby.

In 1138 Gilbert de Clare 1st Earl Pembroke (age 38) was created 1st Earl Pembroke by King Stephen I England (age 44) leading to doubt as to its authenticity when King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England (age 4) ascended the throne.

Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton

In 1139 Harvey Le Breton 1st Earl of Wiltshire (age 29) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire.

In 1141 William Mohun 1st Earl of Somerset (age 51) was created 1st Earl Somerset for life by Empress Matilda (age 38).

In 1141 William Ypres 1st Earl Kent (age 51) was created 1st Earl Kent.

In 1141 Hugh Bigod 1st Earl Norfolk (age 46) was created 1st Earl Norfolk. Gundred Beaumont Countess Norfolk (age 6) by marriage Countess Norfolk.

In 1141 Aubrey de Vere 1st Earl of Oxford (age 26) was created 1st Earl of Oxford.

In 1141 Baldwin Redvers 1st Earl Devon was created 1st Earl Devon.

Around 1141 Patrick of Salisbury 1st Earl Salisbury (age 19) was created 1st Earl Salisbury.

In 1141 Miles Gloucester 1st Earl Hereford was created 1st Earl Hereford. Sibyl Neufmarché Countess Hereford (age 41) by marriage Countess Hereford.

After 1143 William Roumare 1st Earl Lincoln (age 47) was created 1st Earl Lincoln by King Stephen I England (age 49).

In 1199 Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex (age 37) was created 1st Earl Essex.

In 1199 Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford (age 23) was created 1st Earl Hereford.

In 1199 William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke (age 53) was created 1st Earl Pembroke.

In 1218 Peter of Dreux aka Mauclerc Duke Brittany (age 31) was created 1st Earl Richmond.

In 1225 Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 15) was created 1st Earl Cornwall.

In Apr 1240 Peter of Savoy 1st Earl of Richmond (age 37) was created 1st Earl Richmond although he never used the title. He had been granted the honour of Richmond rather than the Earldom.

In 1247 William de Valence 1st Earl Pembroke was created 1st Earl Pembroke. Joan Munchensi Countess Pembroke (age 17) by marriage Countess Pembroke.

In 1264 Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Chester (age 56) was created 1st Earl Chester. It isn't clear whether this creation took place before or after the Battle of Northampton or the Battle of Lewes.

In Aug 1297 Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer (age 27) was created 1st Earl Gloucester, 1st Earl Hertford. There is some uncertainty as to whether these creations existed, or were created for life only, since they do appear to have been inherited, or whether there is confusion around his having been married to Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester and Hertford (age 25), the widow of the seventh Earl of the first creation Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford.

Edward II Created Prince of Wales

On 07 Feb 1301 King Edward II of England (age 16) was created Prince of Wales by his father King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 61); the first English heir to receive the title. He was created 1st Earl Chester the same day.

Return of Piers Gaveston

On 06 Aug 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 23) was created 1st Earl Cornwall by King Edward II of England (age 23) to the shock of the nobility; Earl Cornwall usually reserved for the heir. The earldom gave Gaveston substantial landholdings over great parts of England, to the value of £4,000 a year. These possessions consisted of most of Cornwall, as well as parts of Devonshire in the south-west, land in Berkshire and Oxfordshire centred on the honour of Wallingford, most of the eastern part of Lincolnshire, and the honour of Knaresborough in Yorkshire, with the territories that belonged to it.

In 1312 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk (age 11) was created 1st Earl Norfolk.

In 1321 Edmund of Woodstock 1st Earl Kent (age 19) was created 1st Earl Kent.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 25 Mar 1322 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle (age 52) was created 1st Earl Carlisle in reward for his capture of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, Earl of Salisbury and Lincoln (deceased) at the Battle of Boroughbridge.

On 10 May 1322 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester (age 61) was created 1st Earl Winchester.

Roger Mortimer created Earl of March

In Oct 1328 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 41) was created 1st Earl March by his own authority to the surprise, perhaps astonishment, of the nobility who compared his behaviour as similar to the usurped Edward II.

In 1330 John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall (age 13) was created 1st Earl Cornwall.

1337 Creation of Earls

In 1337 King Edward III of England (age 24) created a number of new Earldom's probably in preparation for his forthcoming war against France ...

William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury (age 36) was created 1st Earl Salisbury. Catherine Grandison Countess of Salisbury (age 33) by marriage Countess Salisbury.

William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton (age 27) was created 1st Earl of Northampton. Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton (age 24) by marriage Countess of Northampton.

Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester (age 46) was created 1st Earl Gloucester probably as compensation for his daughter Margaret Audley Countess Stafford (age 19) having been abducted by Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (age 35).

Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk (age 38) was created 1st Earl Suffolk. Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk (age 51) by marriage Countess Suffolk.

In 1340 William Jülich V Duke Jülich (age 41) was created 1st Earl Cambridge. The creation somewhat vague; he was the brother-in-law of King Edward III of England (age 27); his wife Joanna Hainault Duchess Guelders (age 25) was the sister of Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 25).

After 30 Apr 1341 Robert III Artois (age 54) was created 1st Earl Richmond.

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 1) was created 1st Earl Richmond. It isn't clear whether his older brothers Edward "Black Prince" (age 11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke of Clarence (age 3) had been created Earls before this time.

In 1349 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (age 39) was created 1st Earl Derby. Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster (age 29) by marriage Countess Derby.

On 05 Mar 1350 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (age 48) was created 1st Earl Stafford.

In 1352 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent (age 38) was created 1st Earl Kent, 1st Baron Holand.

In 1362 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York (age 20) was created 1st Earl Cambridge.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 King Richard II of England (age 10) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Archbishop Simon Sudbury (age 61).

Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl of Surrey 11th Earl of Arundel (age 31) carried the Crown.

Guichard d'Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon was created 1st Earl Huntingdon for life.

John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham (age 11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham.

Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington (age 21) were knighted.

Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales (age 23) attended.

On 12 Feb 1383 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 14) was created 1st Earl Nottingham.

In 1397 Thomas Percy 1st Earl of Worcester (age 54) was created 1st Earl Worcester.

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Calendars. 30. Also, on the Saturday [10 February 1397], the chancellor (age 53) announced by the king's (age 30) command that reason willed that one should honour and enhance the estate of worthy and virtuous persons. Wherefore the king (age 30) considering the nobility and virtue of his cousin Sir John Beaufort (age 24), son of his uncle of Guyenne and Lancaster (age 56), and the great honour he had done his person on various expeditions and labours in many kingdoms and lands overseas, to the great honour of the king and kingdom; and also to encourage him and others to do such honour; and also to strengthen the royal sceptre which could best be supported in honour by worthy and valiant persons had, of his royal dignity and special grace, made and created the said John an earl, and given him the name and honour of the Earl of Somerset, to have to him and his male heirs lawfully engendered of his body, with twenty pounds a year to be taken from the issues and profits of the county of Somerset for his title and the name of earl.

Note. On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset (age 24) was created 1st Earl Somerset.

On 29 Sep 1397 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester (age 24) was created 1st Earl Gloucester. Constance York Countess Gloucester (age 23) by marriage Countess Gloucester.

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (age 30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms, possibly for their part in downfall of Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester (deceased), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (age 59) and Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl of Surrey 11th Earl of Arundel (deceased) ...

His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 45) was created 1st Duke Exeter. Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter (age 34) by marriage Duchess Exeter.

His nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.

His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk (age 31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

His first cousin Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland and Cork (age 24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale.

His illegitimate first cousin John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset (age 24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence (age 12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset, Marchioness Dorset.

Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 33) was created 1st Earl of Westmoreland. Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 18) by marriage Countess of Westmoreland.

On 05 Jul 1411 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 34) was created 1st Earl Dorset. Margaret Neville Countess Dorest (age 27) by marriage Countess Dorset.

On 24 Nov 1413 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 24) was created 1st Earl Richmond.

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

On 16 May 1414 King Henry V of England (age 27) created Dukedoms for his two brothers:

Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester, 1st Earl Pembroke.

John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 24) was created 1st Duke Bedford, 1st Earl Kendal.

In 1418 John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville (age 33) was created 1st Earl Tankerville.

In Aug 1441 Edmund Beaufort 1st or 2nd Duke of Somerset (age 35) was created 1st Earl Dorset. Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset (age 32) by marriage Countess Dorset. The date possibly 1441.

In 1446 John Foix 1st Earl Kendal (age 35) was created 1st Earl Kendal. Margaret Kerdeston Countess Foix (age 20) by marriage Countess Foix.

On 16 Jul 1449 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl of Worcester (age 22) was created 1st Earl Worcester. Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick (age 25) by marriage Countess Worcester. It isn't clear why he was he was created Earl at such a young age. His father John Tiptoft 1st Baron Tiptoft had died six years earlier so he had inherited Baron Tiptoft. His mother Joyce Charleton Baroness Tiptoft had died three years earlier when he was eighteen. In 1449 he married Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick (age 25) daughter of the influential Richard Neville Earl Salisbury (age 49). His earldom may have been a consequence of this marriage.

On 15 Dec 1449 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond (age 19) was created 1st Earl Richmond by King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 28).

In 1451 John Mowbray 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 6) was created 1st Earl Surrey.

On 25 Nov 1452 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (age 21) was created 1st Earl Pembroke.

In or after 1461 George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 11) was created 1st Earl Richmond. The seventh creation was still extant being held by King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 3) which was not recognised by the Yorkists.

On 01 Nov 1461 William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56) was created 1st Earl Kent. Joan Fauconberg Countess Kent (age 55) by marriage Countess Kent.

Battle of Hexham

On 27 May 1464 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 33) was created 1st Earl of Northumberland as a reward for successfully suppressing the Lancastrian resistance in the North. The Ealdom of Northumberland traditionally held by the Percy family with whom the Neville family had been feuding for generations.

On 30 May 1465 Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent (age 48) was created 1st Earl Kent.

Before Mar 1466 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 61) was created 1st Earl Rivers by King Edward IV of England (age 23).

On 13 May 1467 John de la Pole 1st Earl Lincoln (age 5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln by King Edward IV of England (age 25).

On 27 May 1468 William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 45) was created 1st Earl Pembroke.

On 07 May 1469 Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon (age 30) was created 1st Earl Devon. See Warkworth Note 4.

On 05 Jan 1470 John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire (age 42) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire. See Warkworth Note 5.

On 14 Aug 1471 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (age 16) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon.

In 1472 George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 22) was created 1st Earl Salisbury.

In 1472 Louis de Bruges 1st Earl of Winchester (age 45) was created 1st Earl Winchester.

Around 1473 King Edward V of England (age 2) was created 1st Earl March.

On 12 Jun 1476 Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke of York (age 2) was created 1st Earl Nottingham by King Edward IV of England (age 34).

On 07 Feb 1477 Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke of York (age 3) was created 1st Duke Norfolk, 1st Earl Norfolk by his father King Edward IV of England (age 34) in preparation for his marriage to Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (age 4). She, Anne, being daughter of the last Duke of Norfolk of the 1st Creation John Mowbray 4th Duke of Norfolk.

Calendars. 15 Feb 1478. Charter to the king's nephew Edward Plantagenet (age 4), first-born son of the said duke (age 25), creating him earl of Salisbury, with remainder to the heirs of his body, and granting to him and his said heirs £20 yearly from the issues of the county of Wilts. Witnesses: Th. cardinal archbishop of Canterbury (age 60), L. archbishop of York (age 58), Th. Bishop of  Lincoln (age 54), the chancellor, J. Bishop of  Rochester, keeper of the privy seal, Richard, duke of Gloucester (age 25), Henry, duke of Buckingham (age 23), Henry, Earl of Essex (age 74), treasurer of England, Anthony Earl of Ryvers (age 38), chief butler of England, and Thomas Stanley of Stanley (age 43), steward of the household, and William Hastynges of Hastynges (age 47), chamberlain of the household, knights. By p.s.

In 1479 William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Huntingdon (age 27) was compelled to relinquish the Earldom of Pembroke by King Edward IV (age 36) who gave it to his son.

Edward Prince of Wales (age 8) was created 1st Earl Pembroke.

In compensation William (age 27) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon. Mary Woodville Countess Pembroke and Huntingdon (age 23) by marriage Countess Huntingdon.

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 05 Jul 1483 John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk by King Richard III of England (age 30). Margaret Chedworth Duchess Norfolk (age 47) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 40) was created 1st Earl Surrey. Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 39) by marriage Countess Surrey.

William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham.

John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 57) were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk who had been married to Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke of York (age 9).

Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473-'s father King Edward IV of England had legislated that in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance; she died in 1481.

Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 27) was created 1st Viscount Lovell. Anne Fitzhugh Viscountess Lovell by marriage Viscountess Lovell. [Note. Some sources place his created on 01 Jan 1483 although the source for that is unknown. ]

Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

On 08 Sep 1483 Edward York Prince of Wales (age 9) was created Prince of Wales and 1st Earl Chester at York Minster [Map]. His parents Richard III (age 30) and Anne Neville (age 27) attended as did Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire (age 13).

Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick (age 8) and John York (age 12) were knighted.

Note. Hall's Chronicle places the date at 05 Jul 1483.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 16 Oct 1485 Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath was created 1st Earl Bath at Tower of London [Map] by King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne.

On 28 Oct 1485 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (age 53) was created 1st Duke Bedford by Henry VII (age 28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford (age 27) by marriage Duchess Bedford.

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl of Derby (age 50) was created 1st Earl Derby.

Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 26) was created 1st Earl Devon. It is believed he was restored 11th Baron Okehampton at the same time?

Reginald Bray (age 45), John Fitzwalter, Thomas Cokesge, Roger Lewknor, Henry Haydon and John Verney were appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 29 Nov 1489 Prince Arthur Tudor (age 3) was created 1st Earl Chester.

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 18 Feb 1504 Henry VIII (age 12) was created Prince of Wales and 1st Earl Chester. John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt (age 24) was created Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson (age 54) was knighted.

On 27 Jan 1510 Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire (age 31) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire. Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset (age 49) by marriage Earl Wiltshire.

On 10 May 1511 William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 36) was created 1st Earl Devon. He died a month later. Catherine York Countess Devon (age 31) by marriage Countess Devon.

In 1512 Margaret York Countess of Salisbury (age 38) was created 1st Earl Salisbury. Arguably a restoration of her brother's title - the previous creation was held by her brother.

Creation and Re-creation of Peerages

On 01 Feb 1514 King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 22) created and re-created two peerages ....

Charles Somerset 1st Earl of Worcester (age 54) was created 1st Earl Worcester.

Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 71) was restored 2nd Duke Norfolk probably for having secured victory at the Battle of Flodden after which his arms were augmented with an inescutcheon bearing the lion of Scotland pierced through the mouth with an arrow. Some documentation describes this as a creation rather than restoration although he is always referred to as 2nd. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk (age 37) by marriage Duchess Norfolk

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was taken by barge to Bridewell Palace [Map] where he was enobled by his father King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 33).

In the morning Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was created 1st Earl Nottingham.

In the afternoon Henry Fitzroy (age 6) was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset.

Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland (age 47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More (age 47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset (age 47),

Henry Courtenay (age 29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter. Gertrude Blount Marchioness of Exeter (age 22) by marriage Marchioness Exeter.

Henry Clifford (age 32) was created 1st Earl of Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.

Thomas Manners (age 33) was created 1st Earl of Rutland. Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 30) by marriage Countess of Rutland. He was given the Earldom of Rutland to reflect his descent from Anne York Duchess Exeter sister of the previous Earl of Rutland. At the same time his arms Manners Arms were augmented with the Manners Augmented Arms

Henry Brandon (age 2) was created 1st Earl Lincoln.

Robert Radclyffe (age 42) was created 1st Viscount Fitzwalter.

Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 48) was created 1st Viscount Rochford. Elizabeth Howard Countess of Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 45) by marriage Viscountess Rochford.

Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 52), William Fitzalan 18th Earl of Arundel (age 49) and John de Vere 14th Earl of Oxford (age 25) attended.

Henry VIII Creates New Peerages

On 09 Jul 1536 John Bourchier 1st Earl Bath (age 65) was created 1st Earl Bath. Elizabeth Wentworth Countess Bath (age 66) by marriage Countess Bath.

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by Bishop John Stokesley (age 62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace [Map]. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 64) and Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 21) were Godparents.

King Edward VI of England and Ireland was created Duke Cornwall, 1st Earl Chester.

Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long (age 43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex (age 52), Philip Boteler (age 45), John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 66) and John Gage (age 57) attended. Mary Scrope (age 61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 54) carried the canopy.

Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness of Exeter (age 34) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl of Arundel (age 61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton (age 48) attended.

Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 37) was created 1st Earl Hertford.

Nicholas Carew (age 41), Francis Bryan (age 47), Anthony Browne (age 37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford (age 52) surrounded the font.

Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire (age 27), Edward Neville (age 66), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour (age 29), Richard Long (age 43) and John Wallop (age 47) carried the canopy.

Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton and Bishop John Bell attended.

William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton (age 47) was created 1st Earl of Southampton. Mabel Clifford Countess Southampton (age 55) by marriage Countess of Southampton.

On 18 Apr 1540 Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex (age 55) was created 1st Earl Essex

Parr Family Ennobled

On 23 Dec 1543 Henry VIII (age 52) enobled his new wife's (age 31) brother (age 31) and uncle (age 60) at ceremony in the Presence Chamber, Hampton Court Palace [Map]. Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 26) and Edward Stanley 3rd Earl of Derby (age 34) were present. Christopher Barker read the Patents.

William Parr 1st Baron Parr of Horton (age 60) was created 1st Baron Parr of Horton. William was sixty with five daughters. He died four years later at which time the Barony became extinct.

William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton (age 31) was created 1st Earl Essex. His estranged wife Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier (age 26) was daughter of the last Earl of Essex of the Fifth Creation. A somewhat curious choice given his wife had eloped the year previous year with John Lyngfield, the prior of Tandbridge, Surrey [Map], by whom she had an illegitimate child.

In 1547 John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 43) was created 1st Earl Warwick.

Coronation of Edward VI

On 16 Feb 1547, three weeks's after the death of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (deceased), the new Council promoted themselves ...

Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton (age 41) was created 1st Earl of Southampton in accordance with Henry VIII's (deceased) will for which he was nominated executor. Jane Cheney Countess Southampton (age 38) by marriage Countess of Southampton.

Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 47), the King's uncle, was created 1st Duke Somerset. Since he was Protector and head of the Privy Council at the time he effectively created himself Duke. Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 50) by marriage Duchess Somerset.

William Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby of Parham (age 32) was created 1st Baron Willoughby Parham. Elizabeth Heneage Baroness Willoughby of Parham (age 29) by marriage Baroness Willoughby Parham.

On 19 Jan 1550 John Russell 1st Earl Bedford (age 65) was created 1st Earl Bedford. Anne Sapcote Countess Bedford (age 71) by marriage Countess Bedford.

On 19 Jan 1550 William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester (age 67) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire.

Edward VI's 14th Birthday

11 Oct 1551, the day before his fourteenth birthday, King Edward VI (age 13) celebrated at Hampton Court Palace [Map] by rewarding his guardians; it may have been a case of his guardians rewarding themselves.

John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 47), leader of the Council, was created 1st Duke Northumberland. Jane Guildford Duchess Northumberland (age 42) by marriage Duchess Northumberland. His son Henry Dudley (age 25) was knighted.

Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 34) was created 1st Duke Suffolk for having married King Edward VI's (age 13) first cousin Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk (age 34). Frances Brandon Duchess of Suffolk (age 34) by marriage Duchess Suffolk.

William Paulet (age 68), Master of the Kings Wards, was created 1st Marquess Winchester. Elizabeth Capell Marchioness Winchester by marriage Marchioness Winchester.

His guardian William Herbert (age 50) was created 1st Earl Pembroke. Anne Parr Countess Pembroke (age 36) by marriage Countess Pembroke.

Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 51), the King's (age 13) uncle attended.

Henry Dudley (age 25) was knighted at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond [Map].

On 03 Sep 1553 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 26) was created 1st Earl Devon.

On 29 Sep 1564 Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester (age 32) was created 1st Earl of Leicester.

On 04 May 1572 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex (age 30) was created 1st Earl Essex. Lettice Knollys Countess Essex (age 28) by marriage Countess Essex.

On 22 Oct 1597 Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham (age 61) was created 1st Earl Nottingham. Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham (age 47) by marriage Countess Nottingham.

In 1601 Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter (age 58) was created 1st Earl Exeter. Dorothy Neville Countess Exeter (age 53) by marriage Countess Exeter.

In 1603 Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire (age 40) was created 1st Earl Devonshire.

In 1603 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 41) was created 1st Earl Suffolk. Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk (age 39) by marriage Countess Suffolk.

In 1604 Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset (age 68) was created 1st Earl Dorset. Cicely Baker Countess Dorset (age 69) by marriage Countess Dorset.

On 13 Mar 1604 Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton (age 64) was created 1st Earl of Northampton.

In 1605 Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 41) was created 1st Earl Salisbury.

Marriage of Philip Herbert and Susan Howard

Prince Henry invested as Prince of Wales and Earl Chester

On 01 Jun 1610 Prince Frederick (age 16) was created Prince of Wales and 1st Earl Chester. Peregrine Bertie (age 26) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 03 Nov 1613 Robert Carr 1st Earl Somerset (age 26) was created 1st Earl Somerset.

On 05 Jan 1617 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 24) was created 1st Earl Buckingham by King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 50); his favourite.

On 27 May 1617 John Egerton 1st Earl Bridgewater (age 38) was created 1st Earl Bridgewater. Frances Stanley Countess Bridgewater (age 34) by marriage Countess Bridgewater.

In 1618 William Compton 1st Earl of Northampton was created 1st Earl of Northampton. Elizabeth Spencer Countess Northampton by marriage Countess of Northampton.

In 1618 Mary Beaumont 1st Countess Buckingham (age 48) was created 1st Earl Buckingham. It appears this title was for life only since her sons did not inherit it?

In 1618 Robert Sidney 1st Earl of Leicester (age 54) was created 1st Earl of Leicester. Barbara Gamage Countess Leicester (age 55) by marriage Countess of Leicester.

In 1619 Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox (age 40) was created 1st Earl March. Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox (age 27) by marriage Countess March.

On 22 Jan 1621 John Ramsay 1st Earl Holderness (age 41) was created 1st Earl Holderness by King James I (age 54).

In 1622 James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle (age 42) was created 1st Earl Carlisle. Lucy Percy Countess Carlisle (age 22) by marriage Countess Carlisle.

In 1622 John Digby 1st Earl Bristol (age 41) was created 1st Earl Bristol.

In 1622 Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex (age 47) was created 1st Earl Middlesex. Anne Brett Countess Middlesex by marriage Countess Middlesex.

On 14 Sep 1622 William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh (age 35) was created 1st Earl Denbigh. Susan Villiers Countess Denbigh (age 39) by marriage Countess Denbigh.

On 18 Apr 1623 Christopher Villiers 1st Earl Anglesey (age 30) was created 1st Earl Anglesey, 1st Baron Villiers of Daventry. Elizabeth Sheldon Countess Anglesey (age 15) by marriage Countess Anglesey.

On 02 Nov 1624 John Holles 1st Earl de Clare (age 60) was created 1st Earl Clare. Anne Stanhope Countess de Clare (age 48) by marriage Countess Clare.

In 1626 Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth (age 66) was created 1st Earl Monmouth. Elizabeth Trevannion Countess Monmouth (age 63) by marriage Countess Monmouth.

In 1626 Henry Montagu 1st Earl Manchester (age 63) was created 1st Earl Manchester. Margaret Crouch Countess Manchester (age 21) by marriage Countess Manchester.

In 1626 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland (age 35) was created 1st Earl Cleveland. Anne Crofts Countess Cleveland by marriage Countess Cleveland.

In 1626 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury (age 82) was created 1st Earl Banbury. Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury (age 43) by marriage Countess Banbury.

In 1626 Edmund Sheffield 1st Earl Mulgrave (age 60) was created 1st Earl Mulgrave. Mariana Irwin Countess Mulgrave by marriage Countess Mulgrave.

On 05 Jan 1626 Henry Danvers 1st Earl Danby (age 52) was created 1st Earl Danby.

On 05 Feb 1626 George Carew 1st Earl Totnes (age 70) was created 1st Earl Totnes. Joyce Clopton Countess Totnes by marriage Countess Totnes.

On 07 Feb 1626 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Berkshire (age 38) was created 1st Earl Berkshire. Elizabeth Cecil Countess Berkshire (age 30) by marriage Countess Berkshire.

On 17 Oct 1626 Edward Denny 1st Earl Norwich (age 57) was created 1st Earl Norwich. Mary Cecil Countess Norwich by marriage Countess Norwich.

On 04 Nov 1626 Thomas Darcy 1st Earl Rivers (age 61) was created 1st Earl Rivers with a special remainder to his grandson John Savage 2nd Earl Rivers (age 23). Mary Kitson Countess Rivers (age 59) by marriage Countess Rivers.

On 19 Jun 1627 Emanuel Scrope 1st Earl of Sunderland (age 42) was created 1st Earl of Sunderland.

In 1628 Elizabeth Heneage 1st Countess Winchelsea (age 71) was created 1st Earl Winchilsea.

In Mar 1628 Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford (age 29) was created 1st Earl Stamford. Anne Cecil Countess Stamford (age 32) by marriage Countess Stamford.

On 08 Mar 1628 Henry Carey 1st Earl Dover (age 48) was created 1st Earl Dover. Judith Pelham Countess Dover (age 37) by marriage Countess Dover.

On 05 Aug 1628 Nicholas Tufton 1st Earl of Thanet (age 50) was created 1st Earl of Thanet. Frances Cecil Countess Isle Thanet (age 47) by marriage Countess of Thanet.

On 12 Jan 1640 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 46) was created 1st Earl Strafford. Elizabeth Rhodes Countess Strafford (age 34) by marriage Countess Strafford.

In 1641 Elizabeth Darcy 1st Countess Rivers (age 60) was created 1st Earl Rivers for life by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 40) since she had been passed over when her father's Earldom Earl Rivers passed from her father to her eldest son John Savage 2nd Earl Rivers (age 37).

In 1644 Francis Leigh 1st Earl Chichester (age 45) was created 1st Earl Chichester with special remainder to Thomas Wriothesley 4th Earl of Southampton 2nd Earl Chichester (age 36) who was the husband of his daughter Elizabeth Leigh Countess Southampton (age 23). Audrey Boteler Countess Chichester by marriage Countess Chichester.

In Nov 1644 George Goring 1st Earl Norwich (age 59) was created 1st Earl Norwich by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 14) for his support during the Civil War. The last Earl Norwich of the previous creation was his uncle Edward Denny 1st Earl Norwich brother of his mother Anne Denny (age 77).

In 1645 Francis Leke 1st Earl Scarsdale (age 64) was created 1st Earl Scarsdale.

On 10 Dec 1645 Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond (age 6) was created 1st Earl Lichfield, 1st Baron Stuart.

In 1652 Henry Wilmot 1st Earl Rochester (age 39) was created 1st Earl Rochester. Anne St John Countess Rochester (age 37) by marriage Countess Rochester.

In 1656 John Middleton 1st Earl Middleton (age 48) was created 1st Earl Middleton by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 25) whilst in exile. Grizel Durham Countess Middleton by marriage Countess Middleton.

In 1660 Katherine Wotton Countess Chesterfield (age 51) was created 1st Earl Chesterfield.

Charles II Proclaimed

On 27 Apr 1660 Henry Jermyn 1st Earl St Albans (age 55) was created 1st Earl St Albans.

1660 July Creation of Peerages

Coronation of Charles II

Evelyn's Diary. 22 Apr 1661. Was the splendid cavalcade of his Majesty (age 30) from the Tower of London to Whitehall, when I saw him in the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace [Map] create six Earls, and as many Barons, viz:

Edward Lord Hyde, Lord Chancellor (age 52), Earl of Clarendon; supported by the Earls of Northumberland (age 58) and Sussex (age 14); the Earl of Bedford (age 44) carried the cap and coronet, the Earl of Warwick (age 46), the sword, the Earl of Newport (age 64), the mantle.

Next, was Capel, created Earl of Essex.

Brudenell, Cardigan;.

Valentia, Anglesea;.

Greenvill, Bath;.

Howard, Earl of Carlisle.

The Barons were: Denzille Holles; Cornwallis; Booth; Townsend; Cooper; Crew; who were led up by several Peers, with Garter and officers of arms before them; when, after obedience on their several approaches to the throne, their patents were presented by Garter King-at-Arms, which being received by the Lord Chamberlain (age 59), and delivered to his Majesty (age 30), and by him to the Secretary of State, were read, and then again delivered to his Majesty (age 30), and by him to the several Lords created; they were then robed, their coronets and collars put on by his Majesty (age 30), and they were placed in rank on both sides of the state and throne; but the Barons put off their caps and circles, and held them in their hands, the Earls keeping on their coronets, as cousins to the King (age 30).

I spent the rest of the evening in seeing the several archtriumphals built in the streets at several eminent places through which his Majesty (age 30) was next day to pass, some of which, though temporary, and to stand but one year, were of good invention and architecture, with inscriptions.

Notes:

Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex (age 29) was created 1st Earl Essex. Elizabeth Percy Countess Essex (age 25) by marriage Countess Essex.

Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan (age 78) was created 1st Earl Cardigan. Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan by marriage Countess Cardigan.

Arthur Annesley 1st Earl Annesley (age 46) was created 1st Earl Anglesey, 1st Baron Annesley Newport Pagnell Buckinghamshire. Elizabeth Altham Countess Anglesey (age 41) by marriage Countess Anglesey.

John Granville 1st Earl Bath (age 32) was created 1st Earl Bath.

Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle (age 32) was created 1st Earl Carlisle.

Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles (age 61) was created 1st Baron Holles. Jane Shirley Baroness Holles by marriage Baroness Holles.

Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis (age 50) was created 1st Baron Cornwallis.

George Booth 1st Baron Delamer (age 38) was created 1st Baron Delamer. Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer (age 39) by marriage Baroness Delamer.

Horatio Townshend 1st Viscount Townsend (age 30) was created 1st Baron Townshend of Lynn Regis in Norfolk.

Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury (age 39) was created 1st Baron Ashley of Wimborne St Giles.

In 1664 William Craven 1st Earl Craven (age 55) was created 1st Earl Craven in Yorkshire, 1st Viscount Craven of Uffington in Berkshire with a special remainder to his kinsmen Sir William Craven and Sir Anthony Craven.

In 1670 Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 29) was created 1st Duke Cleveland, 1st Earl of Southampton and 1st Baron Nonsuch by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 39) for having given birth to five of his illegitimate children.

In 1672 Henry Howard 6th Duke of Norfolk (age 43) was created 1st Earl Norwich.

On 22 Apr 1672 Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington (age 54) was created 1st Earl Arlington, 1st Viscount Thetford and 1st Baron Arlington of Arlington in Middlesex with a similar remainder, and in default of heirs of his body, to his brother Sir John Bennet (age 55) and the heirs male of his body. Elisabeth Nassau Beverweert Countess Arlington (age 38) by marriage Countess Arlington. See Viscountcies of England Created with a Special Remainder.

On 19 Aug 1673 Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth (age 23) was created 1st Duke Portsmouth, 1st Earl Fareham, 1st Baron Petersfield by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 43) for life for being his mistress and for having given birth to his son Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond (age 1).

In 1674 William Herbert 1st Marquess Powis (age 48) was created 1st Earl Powis. Elizabeth Somerset Marchioness Powis (age 39) by marriage Countess Powis.

In 1674 Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield (age 10) was created 1st Earl Lichfield as a consequence of his being betrothed to Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield (age 9), a natural daughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 43).

On 27 Jun 1674 Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds (age 42) was created 1st Earl of Danby when he surrendered his Scottish Viscount Osborne to his third son Peregrine Osborne (age 15). He, Thomas, was on his mother's side a great-nephew of the previous Earl of Danby who was brother to Anne's mother Eleanor Danvers.

On 05 Oct 1674 Thomas Lennard 1st Earl of Sussex (age 20) was created 1st Earl of Sussex. Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex (age 13) by marriage Countess of Sussex.

In 1675 Charles Sackville 6th Earl Dorset 1st Earl Middlesex (age 31) was created 1st Earl Middlesex, 1st Baron Cranfield of Cranfield in Middlesex. His mother Frances Cranfield Countess Dorset (age 53) was sister to the last Earl of Middlesex of the previous creation Lionel Cranfield 3rd Earl Middlesex whose estates he had inherited.

In 1676 George Sondes 1st Earl Feversham (age 76) was created 1st Earl Feversham.

In 1679 Robert Paston 1st Earl of Yarmouth (age 47) was created 1st Earl of Yarmouth. Rebecca Clayton Countess Yarmouth (age 44) by marriage Countess of Yarmouth.

In 1679 John Robartes 1st Earl Radnor (age 73) was created 1st Earl Radnor, 1st Viscount Bodmin by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 48) in reward for having supported Charles' brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701's future accession. Letitia Isabella Smythe Countess Radnor (age 49) by marriage Countess Radnor.

On 23 Jul 1679 Charles Gerard 1st Earl Macclesfield (age 61) was created 1st Earl Macclesfield, 1st Viscount Brandon of Brandon in Suffolk.Jeanne de Civelle Countess Macclesfield by marriage Countess Macclesfield.

On 03 Dec 1679 Edward Conway 1st Earl Conway (age 56) was created 1st Earl Conway. Elizabeth Booth Countess Conway by marriage Countess Conway.

In May 1681 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham (age 59) was created 1st Earl Nottingham.

On 29 Nov 1682 Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester (age 40) was created 1st Earl Rochester. Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester (age 36) by marriage Countess Rochester.

On 05 Dec 1682 Conyers Darcy 1st Earl Holderness (age 83) was created 1st Earl Holderness. Grace Rokeby Countess Holderness by marriage Countess Holderness.

On 06 Dec 1682 Thomas Hickman Windsor 1st Earl Plymouth (age 55) was created 1st Earl Plymouth. Ursula Widdrington Countess Plymouth (age 35) by marriage Countess Plymouth.

In 1686 Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester and Portmore (age 28) was created 1st Earl Dorchester for life by King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 52) for services as his mistress. Her father Charles Sedley 5th Baronet (age 46) quipped "As the king (age 52) has made my daughter a countess, the least I can do, in common gratitude, is to assist in making his Majesty's daughter (age 23) a queen".

On 07 Mar 1688 Francis Radclyffe 1st Earl Derwentwater (age 63) was created 1stEarl Derwentwater.

In 05 Oct 1688 Mary Stafford Countess Stafford (age 68) was created 1st Earl Stafford for life. Her former husband William Howard 1st Viscount Stafford had been executed in 1680.

Coronation William III and Mary II

On 09 Apr 1689 a number of new peers were created at the Coronation William III and Mary II ...

Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton (age 59) was created 1st Duke Bolton.

Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough 1st Earl Monmouth (age 31) was created 1st Earl Monmouth. Carey Fraser Countess Peterborough and Monmouth (age 29) by marriage Countess Monmouth.

Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg (age 62) was created 1st Earl Fauconberg. Mary Cromwell Countess Fauconberg (age 52) by marriage Countess Fauconberg.

William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland (age 39) was created 1st Earl of Portland.

On 09 Apr 1689 John Churchill 1st Duke of Marlborough (age 38) was created 1st Earl of Marlborough.

The London Gazette 2458. Whitehall, June 1 [1689].

His Majesty has been graciously pleased to Create the Right Honourable Arthur Herbert (age 41) Esq; Admiral of Their Majesties Fleet, Earl of Torrington, and Baron Herbert of Torbay in the County of Devon.

Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven

On 15 Apr 1690 Richard Lumley 1st Earl Scarborough (age 40) was created 1st Earl Scarborough by King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 39) in recognition of his (age 40) support of the Glorious Revolution he having been one of the signatories of the Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven. Frances Jones Countess Scarborough (age 23) by marriage Countess Scarborough.

In 1694 Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney (age 52) was created 1st Earl Romney by King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 43) in recognition of Henry Sidney 1st Earl Romney 1641-1704's support of the Glorious Revolution he having been one of the signatories of the Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven.

On 07 May 1697 Edward Russell 1st Earl Orford (age 44) was created 1st Earl Orford by King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 46) in recognition of his support of the Glorious Revolution he having been one of the signatories of the Invitation to William of Orange from the Immortal Seven.

In Oct 1714 John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 49) was created 1st Earl Bristol for having supported the Glorious Revolution.

On 17 Apr 1690 Henry Booth 1st Earl Warrington (age 38) was created 1st Earl Warrington. Mary Langham Countess Warrington (age 38) by marriage Countess Warrington.

In 1697 Edward Villiers 1st Earl Jersey (age 41) was created 1st Earl Jersey probably as a consequence of his sister Barbara Villiers Viscountess Fitzhardinge (age 43) being a mistress of King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 46). Barbara Chiffinch Countess Jersey (age 34) by marriage Countess Jersey.

In 1697 Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry (age 68) was created 1st Earl Coventry with a special remainder to issue of Walter Coventry brother to the 1st Baron Coventry. Elizabeth Grimes Countess Coventry (age 27) by marriage Countess Coventry.

On 10 Feb 1697 Arnold Keppel 1st Earl Albermarle (age 27) was created 1st Earl Albermarle.

On 13 Apr 1703 David Colyear 1st Earl Portmore (age 47) was created 1st Earl Portmore. Possibly for having married the King's former mistress Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester and Portmore (age 45). Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester and Portmore (age 45) by marriage Countess Portmore.

In 1706 Thomas Wharton 1st Marquess Wharton (age 57) was created 1st Earl Wharton. Lucy Loftus Marchioness Wharton (age 36) by marriage Countess Wharton.

In Dec 1706 Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin (age 61) was created 1st Earl Godolphin, 1st Viscount Rialton.

In 1711 Robert Shirley 1st Earl Ferrers (age 60) was created 1st Earl Ferrers. Selina Finch Countess Ferrers (age 29) by marriage Countess Ferrers.

On 29 Jun 1711 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 38) was created 1st Earl Strafford.

In 1714 Lewis Watson 1st Earl Rockingham (age 58) was created 1st Earl Rockingham. Catherine Sondes Countess Rockingham (age 55) by marriage Countess Rockingham.

In 1714 Heneage Finch 1st Earl Aylesford (age 65) was created 1st Earl Aylesford. Elizabeth Banks Countess Aylesford by marriage Countess Aylesford.

In 1714 Charles Bennet 1st Earl Tankerville (age 40) was created 1st Earl Tankerville. His late wife Mary Grey Baroness Ossulston having been the daughter of the first and only Earl Tankerville of the second creation Ford Grey 1st Earl Tankerville.

On 01 May 1714 Henry Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge (age 51) was appointed Envoy Extraordinary to the Elector of Hanover (age 53), the future King George I. He requested he be made an Earl but Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland (age 49) declined his request. After George's succession Henry (age 51) was created 1st Earl Uxbridge on 19 Oct 1714. Mary Catesby Countess Uxbridge by marriage Countess Uxbridge.

On 01 Aug 1714 Charles Montagu 1st Earl Halifax (age 53) was created 1st Earl Halifax.

On 19 Oct 1714 Thomas Pelham Holles 1st Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 21) was created 1st Earl Clare and 1st Viscount Haughton with a special remainder to his brother Henry Pelham (age 20).

On 19 Oct 1714 James Brydges 1st Duke Chandos (age 41) was created 1st Earl Carnarvon, 1st Viscount Wilton. Cassandra Willoughby Duchess Chandos (age 44) by marriage Countess Carnarvon.

In 1715 George Montagu 1st Earl Halifax (age 31) was created 1st Earl Halifax. Mary Lumley Countess Halifax (age 24) by marriage Countess Halifax.

In 1715 Jane Granville Baroness Gower (age 60) was created 1st Earl Granville.

In 1717 Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex (age 26) was created 1st Earl of Sussex.

On 18 Mar 1718 William Cowper 1st Earl Cowper (age 53) was created 1st Earl Cowper for having suppressed the Jacobite rebellion of 1715. Mary Clavering Countess Cowper (age 33) by marriage Countess Cowper.

On 14 Apr 1718 James Stanhope 1st Earl Stanhope (age 45) was created 1st Earl Stanhope. Lucy Pitt Countess Stanhope (age 26) by marriage Countess Stanhope.

On 08 May 1718 William Cadogan 1st Earl Cadogan (age 46) was created 1st Earl Cadogan. Margaret Cecilia Munter Countess Cadogan by marriage Countess Cadogan.

On 19 Mar 1719 Melusine Schulenburg 1st Duchess Munster 1st Duchess Kendal (age 51) was created 1st Duke Kendal, 1st Earl Feversham, 1st Baron Glastonbury.

On 30 Apr 1719 Thomas Coningsby 1st Earl Coningsby (age 62) was created 1st Earl Coningsbury with a special remainder to the eldest daughter of his second marriage Margaret Coningsby 2nd Countess Coningsby (age 10). Frances Jones Countess Coningsbury by marriage Countess Coningsbury.

On 08 May 1719 Bennet Sherard 1st Earl Harborough (age 44) was created 1st Earl Harborough.

In 1720 James Saunderson 1st Earl Castleton (age 53) was created 1st Earl Castleton.

In 1721 Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield (age 54) was created 1st Earl Macclesfield.

On 27 Dec 1721 Thomas Fermor 1st Earl Pomfret (age 23) was created 1st Earl Pomfret aka Pontefract. Henriette Louise Jeffreys Countess Pomfret (age 23) by marriage Countess Pomfret aka Pontefract.

In 1725 John Bligh 1st Earl Darnley (age 38) was created 1st Earl Darnley.

On 06 Nov 1733 John Perceval 1st Earl Egmont (age 50) was created 1st Earl Egmont. Catherine Parker Countess Egmont (age 43) by marriage Countess Egmont.

In 1739 Brabazon Ponsonby 1st Earl Bessborough (age 60) was created 1st Earl Bessborough.

In 1742 William Pulteney 1st Earl Bath (age 57) was created 1st Earl Bath.

On 06 Feb 1742 Robert Walpole 1st Earl Orford (age 65) was created 1st Earl Orford.

On 11 Apr 1743 or 11 Oct 1743 John Wallop 1st Earl Portsmouth (age 53) was created 1st Earl Portsmouth. Elizabeth Griffin Countess Portsmouth (age 51) by marriage Countess Portsmouth.

In 1746 John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire (age 52) was created 1st Earl Buckinghamshire. Elizabeth Bristow Countess Buckinghamshire by marriage Countess Buckinghamshire.

On 05 Jul 1746 Hugh Fortescue 1st Earl Clinton (age 50) was created 1st Earl Clinton, 1st Baron Fortescue of Castle Hill.

On 08 Jul 1746 John Leveson-Gower 1st Earl Gower (age 51) was created 1st Earl Gower. Mary Tufton Countess Gower by marriage Countess Gower.

In 1748 Henry Herbert 1st Earl Powis (age 44) was created 1st Earl Powis.

On 18 Oct 1749 Hester Temple 1st Countess Temple (age 59) was created 1st Earl Temple. Richard Granville by marriage Earl Temple.

On 16 Jun 1756 Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg (age 57) was created 1st Earl Fauconberg. Catherine Betham Countess Fauconberg by marriage Countess Fauconberg.

In 1761 John West 1st Earl De La Warr (age 67) was created 1st Earl De La Warr, 1st Viscount Cantalupe. Anne Walker Countess De La Warr by marriage Countess De La Warr.

On 29 Mar 1761 William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot (age 50) was created 1st Earl Talbot. Mary Cardonnel Countess Talbot (age 42) by marriage Countess Talbot.

In 1764 Robert Henley 1st Earl Northington (age 56) was created 1st Earl Northington.

In 1765 William Pleydell-Bouverie 1st Earl Radnor (age 39) was created 1st Earl Radnor.

On 04 Aug 1766 William "The Elder" Pitt 1st Earl Chatham (age 57) was created 1st Earl Chatham. Hester Granville Countess Chatham (age 45) by marriage Countess Chatham.

On 06 Sep 1766 Jean Louis Ligonier 1st Earl Ligonier (age 85) was created 1st Earl Ligonier and 1st Baron Ligonier.

In Aug 1772 Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst (age 87) was created 1st Earl Bathurst of Bathurst in Sussex. Catherine Apsley Countess Bathurst Sussex by marriage Countess Bathurst of Bathurst in Sussex.

In 1776 William Murray 1st Earl Mansfield (age 70) was created 1st Earl Mansfield in Nottinghamshire with a special remainder to Louisa Cathcart 2nd Countess Mansfield (age 18) the second wife of his nephew David Murray (age 48).

In 1784 George Townshend 2nd Marquess Townshend (age 30) was created 1st Earl of Leicester. Charlotte Mainwaring Ellerker Countess of Leicester (age 12) by marriage Countess of Leicester.

On 17 May 1784 George Neville 1st Earl Abergavenny (age 56) was created 1st Earl Abergavenny, 1st Viscount Neville.

On 19 May 1784 Henry Bayly-Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge (age 39) was created 1st Earl Uxbridge. Jane Champagné Countess Uxbridge (age 42) by marriage Countess Uxbridge.

On 08 Jul 1784 Edward Hussey-Montagu 1st Earl Beaulieu (age 63) was created 1st Earl Beaulieu.

On 22 Jul 1788 Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe (age 62) was created 1st Earl Howe, 1st Baron Howe. The Baroney was created with a special remainder to his daughter Sophia Howe 2nd Baroness Howe.

The London Gazette 13123. Whitehall, August 18 [1789].

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignity of a Marquess of the Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honourable James Earl of Salisoury, and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Stile and Title of Marquess of Salisbury, in the County of Wilts.

The King has also been pleased to grant the Dignity of a Marquess of the Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honourable Thomas Viscount Weymouth (age 54), Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and the Heirs Male of his body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Stile and Title of Marquess of Bath, in the County of Somerset. [Elizabeth Bentinck Marchioness Bath (age 54) by marriage Marchioness of Bath.]

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignity of an Earl of this Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honourable George Viscount Mount-Edgcumbe and Valletort (age 69), and the Heirs Male of liis Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Stile and Title of Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe. [Emma Gilbert Countess Mount Edgcumbe by marriage Countess of Mount Edgcumbe.]

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honourable Hugh Lord Fortescue (age 36), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Stile and Title of 1stViscount Ebrington, of Ebrington in the County of Gloucester, and Earl Fortescue. [Hester Granville Countess Fortescue (age 23) by marriage Countess Fortescue.]

In 1790 Henry Digby 1st Earl Digby (age 58) was created 1st Earl Digby.

In 1792 William Murray 1st Earl Mansfield (age 86) was created 1st Earl Mansfield in Middlesex with a special remainder to his nephew David Murray 2nd Earl Mansfield (age 64). There was no such place as Mansfield in Middlesex; it was invented to differentiate it from the earlier Mansfield in Nottinghamshire creation.

On 15 May 1792 Joseph Damer 1st Earl Dorchester (age 74) was created 1st Earl Dorchester. His London townhouse Dorchester House Park Lane is named after his Earldom.

On 12 Jun 1795 John Fitzgibbon 1st Earl of de Clare (age 47) was created 1st Earl Clare.

The London Gazette 13868. Whitehall, February 20 [1796]. The King has been pleased to grant thc Dignities of Viscount, Earl and Marquis of the Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honorable John Earl of Bute (age 51), His Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of Spain, and to the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Names, Stile and Titles of Viscount Mountjoy, of the Isle of Wight, Earl of Windsor, and Marquis of the Isle of Bute. [Charlotte Jane Windsor Marchioness Bute (age 50) by marriage Marchioness of the Isle of Bute.]

The London Gazette 14012. Whitehall, May 27, 1797. The King has been pleased to grant the Dignities of Baron and Earl of the Kingdom of Great Britain to Sir John Jervis (age 62), KB Admiral of the Blue, and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Stile and Title of Baron Jervis, of Medsord in the County of Stafford, and Earl of St Vincent.

Act of Union Peerages

The London Gazette 15317. Whitehall, December 9, 1800.

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honorable Charles Sloane Lord Cadogan (age 72), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Style, and Title of Viscount Chelsea, in the County of Middlesex, and Earl Cadogan. [Mary Churchill Countess Cadogan (age 42) by marriage Countess Cadogan.]

The King has also been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honorable James Lord Malmesbury (age 54), Baron of Malmesbury, in the County of Wilts, Knight of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Style, and Title of Viscount Fitz-Harris, of Hurn Court, in the County of Southampton, and Earl of Malmesbury. [Harriet Maria Amyand Countess Malmesbury (age 39) by marriage Countess Malmesbury.]

The London Gazette 15375. Whitehall, June 15, 1801.

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the Right Honorable William Lord Craven (age 30), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Names, Stiles, and Titles of Viscount Uffington, in the County of Berks, and Earl of Craven in the County of York. [Louisa Brunton Countess Craven (age 16) by marriage Countess Craven in Yorkshire].

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the Right Honourable George Lord Onslow (age 69), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Names, Stiles, and Title of Viscount Cranley, of Cranley, in the County of Surrey, and Earl of Onslow, of Onslow, in the County of Salop. [Henrietta Shelley Countess Onslow (age 70) by marriage Countess Onslow.]

The King has also been pleased to grant the said Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the Right Honorable Charles Lord Romney (age 56), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Stiles, and Titles of Viscount Marsham of the Mote, in the County of Kent, and 1st Earl of Romney. [Frances Wyndham Countess Romney by marriage Countess Romney.]

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignity of Earl of tlie United Kingdom of Great Biitain and Ireland to the Right Honorable Thomas Lord Pelham (age 73), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by tbe Name, Stile, and Title of Earl of Chichester. [Anne Frankland Countess Chichester (age 66) by marriage Countess Chichester.]

The King has likewise been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable Thomas Lord Grey de Wilton (age 51), and the Heirs Male, of his body lawfully begotten, by the Names, Stiles and Titles of Viscount Grey de Wilton, and Earl of Wilton, of Wilton Castle, in the County of Hereford, with Remainders to Thomas Grosvenor, Esq; Second Son, Robert Grosvenor, Esq. Third Son of the Right Honourable Robert Grosvenor (age 34), (commonly called Viscount Belgrave), by Eleanor (age 30) his Wife, Daughter of the said Thomas Lord Grey de Wilton (age 51), and the Fourth, Fifth, Sixths Seventh, and every other Son and Sons, of the said Eleanor by her present or any future Husband, hereafter to be begotten severally and successively, and the respective Heirs Male of their Bodies lawfully begotten. [Eleanor Assheton Viscountess Wilton (age 48) by marriage Countess Wilton.]

On 26 Oct 1803 Henrietta Laura Johnstone aka Pulteney 1st Countess Bath (age 36) was created 1st Earl Bath.

On 14 May 1804 Edward Clive 1st Earl Powis (age 50) was created 1st Earl Powis. Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis (age 45) by marriage Countess Powis.

The London Gazette 15905. Whitehall, April 1, 1806.

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignity of an Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, and Ireland to the Right Honorable Charles Viscount Newark (age 68), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Stile, and Title as Earl Manvers. [Anne Mills Countess Manvers (age 59) by marriage Countess Manvers]

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignity of an Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the Right Honorable Horatio Baron Walpole (age 82), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Stile, and Title of Earl of Orford, in the County of Suffolk.

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, and Ireland to the Right Honorable Charles Lord Grey (age 76), of Howick; Knight of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, and General of His Majesty's Forces, and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Names, Stile, and Titles of Viscount Howick, in the County of Northumberland, and Earl Grey. [Note. Elizabeth Grey Countess Grey (age 62) by marriage Countess Grey.]

In 1812 Henry Phipps 1st Earl Mulgrave (age 56) was created 1st Earl Mulgrave, 1st Viscount Normanby. Martha Sophia Thomson Maling Countess Mulgrave by marriage Countess Mulgrave.

The London Gazette 17066. Whitehall, September 30, 1815.

His Royal, Highness the Prince Regent has been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, to grant the Dignities of Earl and Marquess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the Right Honourable George James Earl of Cholmondeley (age 66), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Earl of Rocksavage, in the county palatine of Chester, and Marquess Cholmondeley. [Note. Georgina Charlotte Bertie Marchioness Cholmondeley (age 54) by marriage Marchioness Cholmondeley.]

His Royal Highness the Prince Regent has also been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, to grant the dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable James Walter (age 40), Viscount Grimston, of that part of the United Kingdom called Ireland, and Baron Verulam of Gorhambury, in the county of Hertford, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Grimston and Earl Verulam.

His Royal Highness has also been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, to grant the dignities of Baron and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable Charles Viscount Whitworth (age 63), Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath, His Majesty's Lieutenant-General and General Governor of Ireland, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Baron Adbaston, in the county of Stafford, and Earl Whitworth.

His Royal Highness has also been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, togrant the dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable John Lord Brownlow (age 36), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Alford, of Alford in the county of Lincoln, and Earl Brownlow. [Note. Amelia Sophia Hume Countess Brownlow by marriage Countess Brownlow.]

His Royal Highness has also been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, to grant the dignity of Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable John Craggs Lord Eliot (age 54), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Earl of Saint Germains, in the county of Cornwall.

His Royal Highness the Prince Regent has also been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, to grant the dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable John Lord Boringdon (age 43), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stiles, and titles of Viscount Boringdon, of North Malton, in the County of Devon, and Earl Morley, of Morley in the said county.

His Royal Highness bas also been pleased, in the name and on behalf of His Majesty, to grant the dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable Orlando Baron Bradford (age 53), and the heirs mile of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Newport, in the county of Salop, and Earl of Bradford, in the said, county. [Note. Lucy Elizabeth Byng Countess Bradford (age 48) by marriage Countess Bradford.]

His Royal Highness has also been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, to grant the dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable William Baron Beauchamp (age 68), of Powyke, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Elmley, in the county of Worcester, and Earl of Beauchamp. [Catherine Denn Countess Beauchamp by marriage Countess Beauchamp.]

His Royal Highness has also been pleased, in the name and on behalf of His Majesty to grant the dignity of a Viscount of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable Alan Hyde Lord Gardner (age 45), Vice-Admiral of the White Squadron of his Majesty's fleet, by the name, stile, and title of Viscount Gardner. [Note. He died before the patent had passed the Great Seal so the patent was null and void.]

In 1816 Amabel Yorke Countess Grey (age 64) was created 1st Earl de Grey with a special remainder to her sister Mary Jemima Yorke Baroness Grantham (age 59) and her sister's male heirs.

The London Gazette 17722. Whitehall, July 6, 1821. The King has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, for granting the dignities of a Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to John Baron Elton (age 70), Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, and the heirs, male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Encombe of Encombe, in the county of Dorset, and Earl of Eldon, in the county palatine of Durham.

Coronation of King George IV

The London Gazette 17724. 09 Jul 1821. Whitehall. .

The King has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignities of Viscount, Earl, and Marquess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Charles Earl of Ailesbury (age 48), Knight of the Most Ancient aud Most Noble Order of the Thistle, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Savernake, of Savernake-Forest, in the county of Wilts, Earl Bruce, of Whorlton, in the county of York, and Marquess of Ailesbury, in the county of Buckingham

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of an Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Edward Viscount Falmouth (age 34), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Earl of Falmouth, in the county of Cornwall. [Anne Frances Bankes Countess Falmouth (age 31) by marriage Countess Falmouth.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of an Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to Richard William Penn Viscount Curzon (age 24), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Earl Howe. [Note. Harriet Georgiana Brudenell Countess Howe (age 22) by marriage Countess Howe.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to John Sommers Baron Sommers (age 61), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Eastnor, of Eastnor Castle, in the county of Hereford, and Earl Sommers.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignities of Viscount and Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to John Baron Rous (age 71), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Dunwich and Earl of Stradbroke, in the county of Suffolk.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of Viscount of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to Richard Earl of Donoughmore (age 65), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Viscount Hutchinson, of Knocklofty, in the county of Tipperary; with remainder, in default of such issue male, to the heirs male of the body of Christian Baroness Donoughmore, deceased (mother of the said Richard Earl of Donoughmore), by John Hely Hutchinson, Esq. also deceased.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting: the dignity ot a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to William Marquess of Lothian (age 57), Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotton, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Ker, of Kersheugh, in the county of Roxburgh.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Henry Marquess Conyngham (age 54), Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Minster, of Minster-Abbey, in the county of Kent.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to James Earl of Ormonde and Ossory (age 43), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotton, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Ormonde, of Llanthony, in the county of Monmouth; with remainder, in default of such issue male, to his brother the Honourable Charles Howard Butler Clarke (age 40), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten. [Note. Grace Louisa Staples Marchioness Ormonde by marriage Baroness Ormonde of Llanthony in Monmouthshire.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Francis Earl of Wemyss and March (age 49), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Wemyss, of Wemyss, in the county of Fife.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Robert Earl of Roden (age 32), Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Clanbrassill, of Hyde-Hall, in the county of Hertford, and Dundalk, in the county of Louth.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting, the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to George Earl of Kingston (age 50), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Kingston, of Mitchelstown, in the county of Cork.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to Thomas Earl of Longford (age 47), Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and title of Baron Silchester, of Silchester, in the county of Southampton.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom ef Great Britain and Ireland, to James Murray (age 39), Esq. (commonly called Lord James Murray), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten by the name, stile, and title of Baron Glenlyon of Glenlyon, in the county of Perth. [Note. Emily Frances Percy Baroness Goldolphin Helston (age 33) by marriage Baroness Glenlyon of Glenlyon in Perthshire.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters:patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting1 the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable William Wellesley Pole (age 58), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Maryborough, of Maryborough, in the Queen's-County.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourable John Foster (age 81), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotton, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Oriel, of Ferrard, in the county of Louth.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters;patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to the Right Honourtable Sir William Scott (age 75), Knt. and the heirs male of bis body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Stowell, of Stowell Park, in the county of Gloucester

The King has also been pleased to direct letters matent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Sir Thomas Henry Liddell (age 46), Bart, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Ravensworth, of Ravenswortb-Castle, in the county-palatine of Durham, and of Eslington, in the county of Northumberland. [Note. Maria Susannah Simpson Baroness Calthorpe (age 48) by marriage Baroness Ravensworth of Ravensworth Castle in County Durham.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity to a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Thomas Cholmondeley (age 53), Esq. of Vale-Royal, in the county-palatine of Chester, and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Delamere, of Vale-Royal, in the said county. [Note. Henrietta Elizabeth Williams-Wynn Baroness Delamere by marriage Baroness Delamere of Vale Royal in Cheshire.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Cecil Weld Forester (age 54), Esq. of Willey-Park, in the county of Salop, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Forester, of Willey-Park, in the said county. [Note. Katherine Mary Manners Baroness Forester by marriage Baroness Forester of Willey Park in Shropshire.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baroness of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to Charlotte Mary Gertrude Strutt (age 63) (commonly called Lady Charlotte Mary Gertrude Strutt), and the heirs male of her body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baroness Rayleigh, of Terling-place in the county of Essex.

The London Gazette 18259. Whitehall, June 13, 1826.

The King has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignities, of Earl and Marquess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto Frederick William (age 56) Earl of Bristol, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles and titles of Earl Jermyn, of Horningsherth, in the county of Suffolk, and Marquess of Bristol.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the-Great Seal, granting the, dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto William Marquess of Thomond, Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and title of Baron Tadcaster, of Tadcaster, in the county of York

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto Ulick John (age 23) Marquess of Clanricarde, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and title of Baron Somerhill, of Somerhill, in the county of Kent.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto Jaines Earl of Balcarres, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and title of Baron Wigan, of Haigh-Hall, in the county palatine of Lancaster,

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto Thomas Viscount Northland, and the heir's male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and title of Baron Ranfurly, of Ramphorlie, in the county of Renfrew.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under tbe Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron ot the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto the Right Honourable Sir Charles Long, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and title of Baron Farnborough, of Bromley-Hill-Place, in the county of Kent.

The King has also Seen pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting tbe dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto Sir John Fleming Leicester, Baronet, Colonel of His Majesty's Regiment of Cheshire Yeomanry, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and, stile of Baron De Tabley, of Tabley-House, in the county palatine of Chester.

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto James Archibald Stuart Wortley Mackenzie (age 49), of Wortley-Hall, in the county of York, and of Belmont-Castle, in the county of Perth, Esquire, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Baron Wharncliffe, of Wortley, in the said county of York. [Elizabeth Caroline Mary Crichton Baroness Wharncliffe by marriage Baroness Wharncliffe of Wortley in Yorkshire.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting tbe dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto Charles Duncombe (age 61), Esquire, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and title of Baron Feversham, of Duncombe-Park, in the county of  York. [. Charlotte Legge Baroness Feversham Duncombe Park (age 51) by marriage Baroness Feversham of Duncombe Park in Yorkshire.]

The King has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland unto Chharles Rose-Ellis, Esquire, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile and title of Baron Seaford, of Seafod, in the county of Sussex.

Coronation of William IV

On 08 Sep 1831 King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 66) was crowned IV King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl of Effingham (age 63) attended as Deputy Earl Marshal as a result of Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard being ill.

Thomas William Anson 1st Earl Lichfield (age 35) was created 1st Earl Lichfield. Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield (age 31) by marriage Countess Lichfield.

In 1833 Frederick John Robinson 1st Earl Ripon (age 50) was created 1st Earl Ripon.

On 28 Jan 1837 Thomas Reynolds-Moreton 1st Earl Ducie (age 60) was created 1st Earl Ducie.

On 30 Jan 1837 Charles Anderson-Pelham 1st Earl Yarborough (age 55) was created 1st Earl Yarborough.

The London Gazette 19629. Whitehall, June 23, 1838. The Queen has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Marquess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto Constantine Henry Earl of Mulgrave (age 41), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Marquess of Normanby, in the county of York. [Maria Liddell Marchioness Normanby (age 40) by marriage Marchioness Normanby.]

The Queen has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignities of Viscount and Earl of the said United Kingdom, unto William Baron King (age 33), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, stiles, and titles of Viscount Ockham, of Ockham, in the county of Surrey, and Earl of Lovelace. [Augusta Ada Byron Countess Lovelace (age 22) by marriage Countess Lovelace. She was a descendant of the previous Baron Lovelace.]

The Queen has also been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignity of an Earl of the said United Kingdom, unto Laurence Baron Dundas (age 72), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, stile, and title of Earl of Zetland.

In May 1859 Charles Canning 1st Earl Canning (age 46) was created 1st Earl Canning. Charlotte Stuart Countess Canning (age 41) by marriage Countess Canning.

In 1860 William Ward 1st Earl of Dudley (age 42) was created 1st Earl of Dudley of Dudley Castle in Staffordshire. Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley (age 13) by marriage Countess of Dudley of Dudley Castle in Staffordshire.

In 1863 Edward Adolphus Seymour 12th Duke of Somerset (age 58) was created 1st Earl St Maur of Berry Pomeroy in Devon. Jane Georgiana Sheridan Duchess Somerset (age 53) by marriage Countess St Maur of Berry Pomeroy in Devon.

In 1874 Henry Thomas Liddell 1st Earl Ravensworth (age 76) was created 1st Earl Ravensworth.

The London Gazette 24071. Whitehall, February 28, 1874.

The Queen (age 54) has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal granting the dignity of an Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland unto the Right Honourable John Robert, Viscount Sydney (age 68), GCB, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Earl Sydney, of Scadbury, in the county of Kent. [Note. Emily Paget Countess Sydney Scadbury Kent (age 63) by marriage Countess Sydney of Scadbury in Kent.]

The Queen (age 54) has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal granting the dignity of a Viscount of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland unto the Right Honourable Edward Cardwell, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Viscount Cardwell, of Ellerbeck, in the county palatine of Lancaster.

The Queen (age 54) has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the undermentioned persons, and the respective heirs male of their bodies lawfully begotten:-

The Right Honourable Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue (age 51), by the name, style, and title of Baron Carlingford, of Carlingford, in the county of Louth.

The Right Honourable Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle (age 75), Bart., by the name, style, and title of Baron Cottesloe, of Swanbourne, and of Hardwick, in the county of Buckingham. [Louisa Elizabeth Nugent Baroness Cottesloe (age 71) by marriage Baroness Cottesloe of Swanbourne and Hardwick in Buckinghamshire]

The Right Honourable Edmund Hammond, by the name, style, and title of Baron Hammond, of Kirkella, in the town and county of the town of Kingston-upon-Hull.

New Years Appointments

On 14 Jan 1876 ...

William Neville 1st Marquess Abergavenny (age 49) was created 1st Marquess Abergavenny, 1st Earl Lewes. Caroline Vanden Bempte Johnston Marchioness Abergavenny by marriage Marchioness Abergavenny.

Edward Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1st Earl Wharncliffe (age 48) was created 1st Earl Wharncliffe. Susan Charlotte Lascelles Countess Wharncliffe (age 42) by marriage Countess Wharncliffe.

John Ormsby-Gore 1st Baron Harlech (age 59) was created 1st Baron Harlech with remainder to his brother William in the absence of male heirs.

Henry Gerard Sturt 1st Baron Alington (age 50) was created 1st Baron Alington. Augusta Bingham Baroness Alington (age 43) by marriage Baroness Alington.

On 10 Jun 1876 Thomas Baring 1st Earl Northbrook (age 50) was created 1st Earl Northbrook.

In 1880 Edward Bootle Wibraham 1st Earl Lathom (age 42) was created 1st Earl Lathom. Alice Villiers Countess Lathom (age 39) by marriage Countess Lathom.

On 04 May 1880 George Milles 1st Earl Sondes (age 55) was created 1st Earl Sondes, 1st Viscount Throwley.

The London Gazette 25486. Whitehall, July 2, 1885. The Queen (age 66) has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting the dignities of a Viscount and an Earl of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland unto the Right Honourable Sir Stafford Henry Northcote (age 66), Bart, G.C.B., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, styles, and titles of Viscount Saint Gyres, of Newton Saint Gyres, in the county of Devon, and Earl of Iddesleigh, in the said county.

In 1886 John Wodehouse 1st Earl Kimberley (age 59) was created 1st Earl Kimberley. Florence Fitzgibbon Countess Kimberley (age 61) by marriage Countess Kimberley.

On 02 Nov 1911 George Nathaniel Curzon 1st Marquess Kedleston (age 52) was created 1st Earl Curzon of Kedleston, 1st Viscount Scarsdale of Scarsdale in Derbyshire, 1st Baron Ravensdale of Ravensdale in Derbyshire. Mary Victoria Leiter Baroness Curzon Kedleston by marriage Baroness Ravensdale of Ravensdale in Derbyshire. The Viscountcy was created with remainder in default of heirs male to the heirs male of his father. The Barony was created with remainder in default of heirs male to his daughters. See Viscountcies of England Created with a Special Remainder.

The London Gazette 31712. Central Chancery Of The Orders Of Knighthood. St. James's Palace, S.W., 1st January, 1920

The KING has been graciously pleased to signify His Majesty's intention of conferring Peerages of the United Kingdom on the following:

To be an Earl

The Right Honourable Sir William St. John Fremantle Brodrick (age 63), Viscount Midleton, K.P.

To be Barons.

Sir Bertrand Edward Dawson, G.C.V.O., C.B., M.D., F.R.C.P., Physician-in-Ordinary to The King; Physician, London Hospital; Dean, Faculty of Medicine and Member of Senate, University of London; Chairman of Consultative Council, Ministry of Health; Public Services in connection with Health matters.

Sir George Allardice Riddell (age 54), Bart., Vice-Chairman of Newspaper Proprietors' Association, Ltd.; In charge of all the British Press and Colonial Press throughout the Peace Conference in Paris; Public Services.

The Right Honourable Sir Albert Henry Stanley, M.P., late President of the Board of Trade

On 08 Nov 1920 Sydney Charles Buxton 1st Earl Buxton (age 67) was created 1st Earl Buxton.

The London Gazette 32776. Whitehall, December 9, 1922. Letters Patent have passed the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland creating the undermentioned Earldoms, Viscountcies and Baronies:

The Right Honourable Frederick Edwin (age 50), Viscount Birkenhead, to be Viscount Furneaux, of Charlton, in the County of Northampton, and Earl Of Birkenhead. [Margaret Eleanor Furneaux Countess of Birkenhead (age 44) by marriage Countess Birkenhead.]

The Right Honourable Horace Brand (age 78), Viscount Farquhar, G.C.B., G.C.V.O., late Lord Steward of the Household, to be Earl Farquhar.


The Right Honourable Arthur Hamilton, Baron Lee of Fareham, G.B.E., K.C.B., to be Viscount Lee of Fareham, of Bridport, in the County of Dorset.

William Hesketh (age 71), Baron Leverhulme, to be Viscount Leverhulme, of The Western Isles, in the Counties of Inverness and Ross and Cromarty. [Elizabeth Ellen Hulme Viscountess Leverhulme by marriage Viscountess Leverhulme of the Western Isles.]

The Right Honourable Francis Bingham Mildmay to be Baron Mildmay Of Flete, of Totnes, in the County of Devon.

The Right Honourable Sir Joseph Paton Maclay, Baronet, to be Baron Maclay, of Glasgow, in the County of Lanark.

The Right Honourable Sir Edward Alfred Goulding, Baronet, to be Baron Wargrave, of Wargrave Hall, in the County of Berks. Sir John Henry Bethell, Baronet, to be BARON BETHELL, of Romford, in the County of Essex.

On 08 Jun 1937 Stanley Baldwin 1st Earl Baldwin (age 69) was created 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley in Shropshire. Lucy Ridsdale Countess Baldwin (age 67) by marriage Countess Baldwin of Bewdley in Shropshire.

On 28 Oct 1947 Louis Mountbatten 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (age 47) was created 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma with a special remainder to his daughters and their heirs male. Edwina Ashley Countess Mountbatten Burma (age 45) by marriage Countess Mountbatten of Burma.

The London Gazette 42411. Whitehall, London S.W.1. 14th July 1961.

The Queen has been pleased by Letters Patent under the. Great Seal of the Realm, bearing date the 12th July, to confer the dignities of a Viscounty and an Earldom of the United Kingdom upon The Right Honourable Sir Robert Anthony Eden (age 64), KG, MC, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, styles and titles of Viscount Eden, of Royal Leamington Spa in the County of Warwick, and Earl of Avon.

On 06 Oct 1961 Antony Armstrong-Jones 1st Earl of Snowdon (age 31) was created 1st Earl Snowdon, 1st Viscount Linley.

On 10 Feb 1984 Harold Macmillan 1st Earl Stockton (age 90) was created 1st Earl of Stockton, 1st Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden, of Chelwood Gate in East Sussex and of Stockton-on-Tees in Cleveland.