Biography of Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex 844-870

Paternal Family Tree: Carolingian

858 Death of King Æthelwulf

860 Death of King Æthelbald

865 Death of King Æthelberht

In or before 838 [her future husband] King Æthelwulf of Wessex and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Wessex. He the son of Egbert King Wessex (age 64).

In 839 Egbert King Wessex (age 66) died. His son [her future husband] King Æthelwulf of Wessex succeeded King Wessex.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. The same year, ere midwinter, died [her father] Charles, king of the Franks (age 16). He was slain by a boar; and one year before his [her uncle] brother (age 36) died, who had also the Western kingdom. They were both the sons of Louis (age 62), who also had the Western kingdom, and died the same year that the sun was eclipsed. He was the son of that Charles (age 16) whose daughter [her future husband] Ethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons, had to wife.

Around 844 Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex was born to Charles "Bald" I King West Francia (age 20) and Ermentrude Orléans Queen Consort West Francia.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 854. This year the heathen men34 for the first time remained over winter in the Isle of Shepey [Map]. The same year [her future husband] King Ethelwulf registered a TENTH of his land over all his kingdom for the honour of God and for his own everlasting salvation. The same year also he went to Rome with great pomp, and was resident there a twelvemonth. Then he returned homeward; and [her father] Charles, king of the Franks (age 30), gave him his daughter, whose name was Judith (age 10), to be his queen. After this he came to his people, and they were fain to receive him; but about two years after his residence among the Franks he died; and his body lies at Winchester. He reigned eighteen years and a half. And Ethelwulf was the son of Egbert, Egbert of Ealhmund, Ealhmund of Eafa, Eafa of Eoppa, Eoppa of Ingild; Ingild was the brother of Ina, king of the West-Saxons, who held that kingdom thirty-seven winters, and afterwards went to St. Peter, where he died. And they were the sons of Cenred, Cenred of Ceolwald, Ceolwald of Cutha, Cutha of Cuthwin, Cuthwin of Ceawlin, Ceawlin of Cynric, Cynric of Creoda, Creoda of Cerdic, Cerdic of Elesa, Elesa of Esla, Esla of Gewis, Gewis of Wig, Wig of Freawine, Freawine of Frithugar, Frithugar of Brond, Brond of Balday, Balday of Woden, Woden of Frithuwald, Frithuwald of Freawine, Freawine of Frithuwualf, Frithuwulf of Finn, Finn of Godwulf, Godwulf of Great, Great of Taetwa, Taetwa of Beaw, Beaw of Sceldwa, Sceldwa of Heremod, Heremod of Itermon, Itermon of Hathra, Hathra of Hwala, Hwala of Bedwig, Bedwig of Sceaf; that is, the son of Noah, who was born in Noah's ark: Laznech, Methusalem, Enoh, Jared, Malalahel, Cainion, Enos, Seth, Adam the first man, and our Father, that is, Christ. Amen. Then two sons of Ethelwulf succeeded to the kingdom; [her future husband] Ethelbald to Wessex, and [her future brother-in-law] Ethelbert to Kent, Essex, Surrey, and Sussex. Ethelbald reigned five years. [her future step-son] Alfred (age 5), his third son, Ethelwulf had sent to Rome; and when the pope heard say that he was dead, he consecrated Alfred (age 5) king, and held him under spiritual hands, as his father Ethelwulf had desired, and for which purpose he had sent him thither.

Note 34. i.e. the Danes; or, as they are sometimes called, Northmen, which is a general term including all those numerous tribes that issued at different times from the north of Europe, whether Danes, Norwegians, Sweons, Jutes, or Goths, etc.; who were all in a state of paganism at this time.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 855. Collation. And on his return homewards he took to (wife) the daughter of Charles, king of the French (age 31), whose name was Judith (age 11), and he came home safe. And then in about two years he died, and his body lies at Winchester: and he reigned eighteen years and a half, and he was the son of Egbert. And then his two sons succeeded to the kingdom; [her future husband] Ethelbald to the kingdom of the West-Saxons, and [her future brother-in-law] Ethelbert to the kingdom of the Kentish-men, and of the East-Saxons, and of Surrey, and of the South-Saxons. And he reigned five years.

Assers Life of Alfred 855. 855. 11. Æthelwulf journeys to Rome.27 In that same year the aforesaid worshipful [her future husband] King Æthelwulf freed the tenth part of all his kingdom from every royal service and tribute, and offered it up as an everlasting grant to God the One and Three, on the cross of Christ, for the redemption of his own soul and those of his predecessors. In the same year he went to Rome with much honor; and taking with him his son, the aforesaid King Alfred, a second time on the same journey, because he loved him more than his other sons, he remained there a whole year. After this he returned to his own country, bringing with him Judith (age 11), daughter of Charles (age 31), King of the Franks.28

Note 27. Based upon the Chronicle.

Note 28. Charles the Bald (age 31).

In 856 King Æthelwulf of Wessex and Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex (age 12) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Wessex. She the daughter of Charles "Bald" I King West Francia (age 32) and Ermentrude Orléans Queen Consort West Francia. He the son of Egbert King Wessex.

Assers Life of Alfred 856. 856. 13. Judith's Position in Wessex.31 When [her husband] Æthelwulf, therefore, returned from Rome, the whole nation, as was fitting, so rejoiced32 in the arrival of the ruler that, if he had allowed them, they would have expelled his unruly son [her future husband] Æthelbald, with all his counselors, from the kingdom. But he, as I have said, acting with great clemency and prudent counsel, would not act in this way, lest the kingdom should be exposed to peril. He likewise bade Judith (age 12), daughter of King Charles (age 32), whom he had received from her father, take her seat by his own side on the royal throne, without any dispute or enmity from his nobles even to the end of his life, though contrary to the perverse custom of that nation.33 For the nation of the West Saxons does not allow the queen to sit beside the king, nor to be called queen, but only the king's wife; which refusal, or rather reproach, the chief persons of that land say arose from a certain headstrong and malevolent queen of the nation, who did all things so contrary to her lord and to the whole people that not only did the hatred which she brought upon herself bring to pass her exclusion from the queenly throne, but also entailed the same corruption upon those who came after her, since, in consequence of the extreme malignity of that queen, all the inhabitants of the land banded themselves together by an oath never in their lives to let any king reign over them who should bid his queen take her seat on the royal throne by his side. And because, as I think, it is not known to many whence this perverse and detestable custom first arose in Wessex, contrary to the custom of all the Germanic peoples, it seems to me right to explain it a little more fully, as I have heard it from my lord Alfred the truth-teller, King of the Anglo-Saxons, who often told me about it, as he also had heard it from many men of truth who related the fact, or, I should rather say, expressly preserved the remembrance of it.

Note 31. Chiefly original.

Note 32. From the Chronicle.

Note 33. Prudentius of Troyes (in Annales Bertiniani, an. 856, ed. Waitz, p. 47), says of Bishop Hincmar: 'Eam ... reginæ nomine insignit, quod sibi suæque genti eatenus fuerat insuetum.'

Around 858 King Æthelbald of Wessex and Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex (age 14) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Wessex. She the daughter of Charles "Bald" I King West Francia (age 34) and Ermentrude Orléans Queen Consort West Francia. He the son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex.

Assers Life of Alfred 858. 858. 17. Æthelbald marries Judith.44 But when [her husband] King Æthelwulf was dead [and buried at Winchester [Map]]45, his son [her husband] Æthelbald, contrary to God's prohibition and the dignity of a Christian, contrary also to the custom of all the heathen46, ascended his father's bed, and married Judith (age 14), daughter of Charles (age 34), King of the Franks, incurring much infamy from all who heard of it. During two years and a half of lawlessness he held after his father the government of the West Saxons.

Note 44. Original.

Note 45. From Florence of Worcester. The Annals of St. Neots have: 'and buried at Steyning' (Stemrugam).

Note 46. This last statement is incorrect.

Death of King Æthelwulf

On 13 Jan 858 [her husband] King Æthelwulf of Wessex died. His son [her husband] King Æthelbald of Wessex succeeded King Wessex.

Death of King Æthelbald

In 860 [her husband] King Æthelbald of Wessex died. His brother [her brother-in-law] King Æthelberht of Wessex succeeded King Wessex.

Death of King Æthelberht

In 865 [her former brother-in-law] King Æthelberht of Wessex died. His brother [her former step-son] King Æthelred of Wessex (age 18) succeeded King Wessex. Wulfthryth Unknown Queen Anglo Saxons by marriage Queen Anglo Saxons.

Around 866 [her son] Baldwin "Bald" II Margrave Flanders was born to Baldwin "Iron Arm" I Margrave Flanders (age 36) and Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex (age 22).

In 868 [her former step-son] King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 19) and Æalhswith of Mercia Queen Consort of England were married at Gainsborough [Map]. She the daughter of Æthelred Mucel Mercia Earldorman Gaini and Eadburh of Mercia. He the son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex.

Around 870 Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex (age 26) died.

Assers Life of Alfred 884. 884. 68. Death of Carloman, of Louis II, and of Louis III.147 In that same year also, Carloman (age 18), King of the West Franks, while engaged in a boar-hunt, was miserably slain by a boar, which inflicted a dreadful wound on him with its tusk. His brother Louis, who had also been King of the Franks, had died the year before. Both these were sons of Louis148, King of the Franks, who also had died in the year above mentioned, in which the eclipse of the sun took place.149 This Louis was the son of Charles150, King of the Franks, whose daughter Judith151 [her former husband] Æthelwulf, King of the West Saxons, took to queen with her father's consent.

Note 147. Chiefly from the Chronicle.

Note 148. Louis the Stammerer.

Note 149. Cf. chap. 59.

Note 150. Charles the Bald.

Note 151. Cf. chaps. 11 and 13.

Assers Life of Alfred 884. 884. 70. Charles, King of the Alemanni.155 In that same year also, Charles (age 44), King of the Alemanni, received with universal consent the kingdom of the West Franks, and all the kingdoms which lie between the Tyrrhene Sea and that gulf156 situated between the Old Saxons and the Gauls, with the exception of the kingdom of Armorica.157 This Charles (age 44) was the son of King Louis158, who was brother of Charles, King of the Franks, father of Judith, the aforesaid queen; these two brothers were sons of Louis159, Louis being the son of Charlemagne, son of Pepin.

Note 155. Mainly from the Chronicle.

Note 156. The North Sea.

Note 157. Brittany.

Note 158. Louis the German.

Note 159. Louis the Pious.

[her father] Charles "Bald" I King West Francia and [her mother] Ermentrude Orléans Queen Consort West Francia were married. She by marriage Queen Consort West Francia. She the daughter of Odi Orléans 1st Count Orléans. He the son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks and Judith Welf Queen Consort Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks.

Baldwin "Iron Arm" I Margrave Flanders and Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex were married. She by marriage Margravine Flanders. She the daughter of Charles "Bald" I King West Francia and Ermentrude Orléans Queen Consort West Francia.

Royal Ancestors of Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex 844-870

Kings Franks: Grand Daughter of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks

Royal Descendants of Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex 844-870

Agnes La Marck Queen Consort Navarre x 35

Isabella Burgundy Queen Consort Germany x 1

Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England x 1

Bertha Gerulfing Queen Consort France x 1

Baldwin I King Jerusalem x 2

Adela Flanders Queen Consort Denmark x 1

Maud Queen Consort Scotland x 2

Judith Welf Holy Roman Empress x 1

Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France x 2

Otto Welf IV Holy Roman Emperor x 1

Matilda Dammartin Queen Consort Portugal x 3

Blanche Capet Queen Navarre x 5

Maria Reginar Queen Consort France x 7

Henry Luxemburg VII Holy Roman Emperor x 5

Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor x 1

Margaret of Burgundy Queen Consort France x 2

Joan of Burgundy Queen Consort France x 6

Joan "Lame" Burgundy Queen Consort France x 2

Blanche of Burgundy Queen Consort France x 6

Philip "Noble" III King Navarre x 6

Joan Évreux Queen Consort France x 6

Margaret Hainault Holy Roman Empress x 11

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England x 11

Blanche Valois Holy Roman Empress Luxemburg x 6

Blanche Dampierre Queen Consort Norway and Sweden x 11

Joan Auvergne Queen Consort France x 6

Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France x 19

Blanche Bourbon Queen Consort Castile x 19

Rupert King Germany x 1

Yolande of Bar Queen Consort Aragon x 9

King Richard II of England x 2

King Louis of Naples x 13

King Henry V of England x 2

Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark x 2

Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland x 2

Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford x 19

Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England x 13

Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland x 35

Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France x 19

King Edward IV of England x 7

King Richard III of England x 7

Anne Neville Queen Consort England x 9

King Henry VII of England and Ireland x 3

Christina Queen Consort Denmark Norway and Sweden x 11

Louis XII King France x 35

Jean III King Navarre x 13

Bianca Maria Sforza Holy Roman Empress x 19

Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France x 6

Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile x 57

Joachim "Nestor" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg x 1

Germaine Foix Queen Consort Aragon x 35

Marguerite Valois Orléans Queen Consort Navarre x 57

King Francis I of France x 57

Queen Anne Boleyn of England x 13

Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress x 18

Christian III King Denmark x 1

Queen Jane Seymour x 20

Catherine Parr Queen Consort England x 22

Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England x 61

Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland x 164

Antoine King Navarre x 97

Queen Catherine Howard of England x 7

Augustus Wettin Elector of Saxony x 1

Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland x 19

Louis VI Elector Palatine x 35

Louise Lorraine Queen Consort France x 118

King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland x 2

Maximilian "The Great" Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria I Elector Bavaria x 171

Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress x 171

Electress Louise Juliana of the Palatine Rhine x 45

Ferdinand of Spain II Holy Roman Emperor x 43

Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain x 43

Anna of Austria Holy Roman Empress x 10

Frederick William "Great Elector" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg x 1

Sophie Amalie Hanover Queen Consort Denmark x 2

Ernest Augustus Hanover Elector Brunswick-Lüneburg x 2

Eleonora Gonzaga Queen Consort Bohemia x 52

Maria Leopoldine Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Bohemia x 43

Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy Queen Consort of Portugal x 200

Charlotte Amalie Hesse-Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 3

Charles Palatinate Simmern II Elector Palatine Rhine x 2

Victor Amadeus King Sardinia x 232

Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England x 2

Louise of Mecklenburg Güstrow Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 3

Maria Anna Neuburg Queen Consort Spain x 64

Frederick I King Sweden x 5

Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor x 64

Charles Habsburg Spain VI Holy Roman Emperor x 64

Sophia Louise Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Prussia x 4

Polyxena Hesse Rotenburg Queen Consort Sardinia x 2

Francis I Holy Roman Emperor x 128

Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Queen Consort Spain x 2

Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia x 130

Juliana Maria Welf Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 2

President George Washington x 7

King George III of Great Britain and Ireland x 91

William Elector of Hesse x 5

Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England x 4

Caroline Matilda Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 91

Louis XVI King France x 2

Louis XVIII King France x 2

King Charles X of France x 2

Marie Sophie Hesse-Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 5

Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England x 93

Frederick William II King Prussia x 2

King Louis Philippe I of France x 2

Frederica Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover x 6

King Christian I of Norway and VIII of Denmark x 181

Caroline Amalie Oldenburg Queen Norway x 20

Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies Queen Consort Spain x 2

Frederick VII King Denmark x 272

Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark x 186

King Christian IX of Denmark x 35

Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom x 182

x 108

Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia x 545

King Edward VII of the United Kingdom x 545

Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England x 10

Frederick Charles I King Finland x 186

Constantine I King Greece x 10

Alexandrine Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Denmark x 282

Victoria Eugénie Mountbatten Queen Consort Spain x 551

Louise Mountbatten Queen Consort Sweden x 557

Ingrid Bernadotte Queen Consort Denmark x 545

Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh x 567

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 2185

Sophia Glücksburg Queen Consort Spain x 20

Constantine II King Hellenes x 20

Carl XVI King Sweden x 1145

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 843

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 7105

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 22

Ancestors of Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex 844-870

GrandFather: Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks

Great x 1 Grandmother: Hildegard Vinzgouw Queen Franks Queen Lombardy Holy Roman Empress

Father: Charles "Bald" I King West Francia

Great x 1 Grandfather: Welf

GrandMother: Judith Welf Queen Consort Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks

Great x 2 Grandfather: Isambart "The Saxon" Saxony

Great x 1 Grandmother: Hedwig Saxony

Judith Carolingian Queen Consort Wessex

GrandFather: Odi Orléans 1st Count Orléans

Mother: Ermentrude Orléans Queen Consort West Francia