On this Day in History ... 06 September

06 Sep is in September.

1465 George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop of York

1535 Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1618 Great Comet

1660 September Creation of Peerages

1665 Great Plague of London

1666 Great Fire of London

On 06 Sep 957 Liudolf Saxon Ottonian Duke Swabia (age 27) died.

On 06 Sep 1032 Rudolph "Idle" III King Burgundy (age 61) died.

Betwee 31 Aug 1304 or 01 Sep 1304 to 06 Sep 1304 King Edward I (age 65) stayed at Horton Castle [Map].

After 06 Sep 1410 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham (age 37) and Joan Holland Duchess York (age 30) were married. She by marriage Baroness Scrope Masham. She the daughter of Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent (age 60). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 06 Sep 1415 Piers Mauley 5th Baron de Mauley (age 38) and Maud Neville Baroness Haversham (age 32) were married. She by marriage Baroness Haversham. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 51) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. They were third cousins. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 06 Sep 1415 Piers Mauley 5th Baron de Mauley (age 38) died at Mulgrave Castle. Baron Mauley 1C 1295 abeyant between his sisters Constance Mauley Lady Morley (age 32) and Elizabeth Mauley (age 32).

On 06 Sep 1425 John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl of Shrewsbury (age 42) and Margaret Beauchamp Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 21) were married. Margaret Beauchamp Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford by marriage Baroness Strange Blackmere, Baroness Talbot. The difference in their ages was 21 years. She the daughter of Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 43) and Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick. They were second cousin twice removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop of York

On 06 Sep 1478 John King Denmark Norway and Sweden (age 23) and Christina Queen Consort Denmark Norway and Sweden (age 16) were married. He the son of Christian I King Denmark (age 52) and Dorothea of Brandenburg (age 47).

Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

Letters and Papers 1535. 06 Sep 1535. Add. MS. 28,588, f. 20. B. M. 295. Viscount J. Hannart to the Empress.

The queens of France and Hungary met at Cambray on 16 Aug. There were present the daughters and daughter-in-law of the King, Madame de Vendome, the cardinals of Borvon (Bourbon) and Tornon, the Admiral, the duke of Albany, and the marchioness of Zenete. The Empress probably knows that the king of England has separated from the Church of Rome, and put to death many persons who will not obey him as head of the Church after God. Since the death of the Cardinal of Rochester and More, twentyeight persons have been executed, among them nine Carthusians. The King has given the Carthusian Monastery in London to his new wife (age 34) for a palace, and others to his daughter and father-in-law (age 58).

The king of Scotland has sent ambassadors to conclude his marriage with the daughter of Mons. de Vandôme, and to conduct her to Scotland.

* * * 6 Sept. 1535. Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.


On 06 Sep 1572 John Fleming 5th Lord Fleming (age 43) died at Boghall Castle, Biggar having been accidentally shot in the knee two months previously by a French soldier at Edinburgh Castle. His son John Fleming 1st Earl Wigtown (age 5) succeeded 6th Lord Fleming.

1618 Great Comet

Between 06 Sep 1618 and 25 Sep 1618 a comet was visible to the naked eye.

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On 06 Sep 1641 William Fermor 1st Baronet (age 20) was created 1st Baronet Fermor of Easton Neston in Northamptonshire by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 40) who also gave him the command of a troop of horse, and afterwards made him a Privy Councillor to Charles, Prince of Wales (age 11).

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1660 September Creation of Peerages

In Sep 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded a further tranche of those who supported his Restoration ...

On 04 Sep 1660 John King 1st Baron Kingston was created 1st Baron Kingston of Kingston in Dublin 1C 1660.

On 05 Sep 1660 Roger Boyle 1st Earl Orrery (age 39) was created 1st Earl Orrery. Margaret Howard Countess Orrery (age 38) by marriage Countess Orrery.NOTEXT

On 05 Sep 1660 Oliver St George 1st Baronet was created 1st Baronet St George of Carrickdrumrusk in Leitrim in the Peerage of England.

On 06 Sep 1660 Francis Boyle 1st Viscount Shannon (age 37) was created 1st Viscount Shannon. Elizabeth Killigrew Viscountess Shannon (age 38) by marriage Viscountess Shannon.

On 06 Sep 1660 Richard Coote 1st Baron Coote (age 40) was created 1st Baron Coote.

On 10 Sep 1660 Charles Gordon 1st Earl Aboyne (age 22) was created 1st Earl Aboyne.

Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 06 Sep 1665. Thence by water to the Duke of Albemarle's (age 56): all the way fires on each side of the Thames, and strange to see in broad daylight two or three burials upon the Bankeside, one at the very heels of another: doubtless all of the plague; and yet at least forty or fifty people going along with every one of them.

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Great Fire of London

From 02 Sep 1666 to 06 Sep 1666 the Great Fire of London destroyed around 13000 properties in the medieval City of London as well as 87 parish churches and St Paul's Cathedral [Map]. The fire is estimated to have left 80% of the city's residents homeless.

Pepy's Diary. 06 Sep 1666. At home, did go with Sir W. Batten (age 65), and our neighbour, Knightly (who, with one more, was the only man of any fashion left in all the neighbourhood thereabouts, they all removing their goods and leaving their houses to the mercy of the fire), to Sir R. Ford's (age 52), and there dined in an earthen platter-a fried breast of mutton; a great many of us, but very merry, and indeed as good a meal, though as ugly a one, as ever I had in my life.

Pepy's Diary. 06 Sep 1666. Up about five o'clock, and where met Mr. Gawden at the gate of the office (I intending to go out, as I used, every now and then to-day, to see how the fire is) to call our men to Bishop's-gate [Map], where no fire had yet been near, and there is now one broke out which did give great grounds to people, and to me too, to think that there is some kind of plot1 in this (on which many by this time have been taken, and, it hath been dangerous for any stranger to walk in the streets), but I went with the men, and we did put it out in a little time; so that that was well again. It was pretty to see how hard the women did work in the cannells, sweeping of water; but then they would scold for drink, and be as drunk as devils. I saw good butts of sugar broke open in the street, and people go and take handsfull out, and put into beer, and drink it. And now all being pretty well, I took boat, and over to Southwarke [Map], and took boat on the other side the bridge, and so to Westminster, thinking to shift myself, being all in dirt from top to bottom; but could not there find any place to buy a shirt or pair of gloves, Westminster Hall [Map] being full of people's goods, those in Westminster having removed all their goods, and the Exchequer money put into vessels to carry to Nonsuch [Map]; but to the Swan [Map], and there was trimmed; and then to White Hall, but saw nobody; and so home. A sad sight to see how the River looks: no houses nor church near it, to the Temple [Map], where it stopped.

Note 1. The terrible disaster which overtook London was borne by the inhabitants of the city with great fortitude, but foreigners and Roman Catholics had a bad dime. As no cause for the outbreak of the fire could be traced, a general cry was raised that it owed its origin to a plot. In a letter from Thomas Waade to Williamson (dated "Whitby, Sept. 14th") we read, "The destruction of London by fire is reported to be a hellish contrivance of the French, Hollanders, and fanatic party" (Calendar of State Papers, 1666-67, p. 124).

Pepy's Diary. 06 Sep 1666. Thence down to Deptford [Map], and there with great satisfaction landed all my goods at Sir G. Carteret's (age 56) safe, and nothing missed I could see, or hurt. This being done to my great content, I home, and to Sir W. Batten's (age 65), and there with Sir R. Ford (age 52), Mr. Knightly, and one Withers, a professed lying rogue, supped well, and mighty merry, and our fears over. From them to the office, and there slept with the office full of labourers, who talked, and slept, and walked all night long there. But strange it was to see Cloathworkers' Hall on fire these three days and nights in one body of flame, it being the cellar full of oyle.

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Sep 1666. Thursday. I represented to his Majesty (age 36) the case of the French prisoners at war in my custody, and besought him that there might be still the same care of watching at all places contiguous to unseized houses. It is not indeed imaginable how extraordinary the vigilance and activity of the King (age 36) and the Duke (age 32) was, even laboring in person, and being present to command, order, reward, or encourage workmen; by which he showed his affection to his people, and gained theirs. Having, then, disposed of some under cure at the Savoy, I returned to Whitehall [Map], where I dined at Mr. Offley's [Note. Not clear who Mr Offley is? John Evelyn's (age 45) brother George Evelyn of Wotton (age 49) was married to Mary Offley], the groom-porter, who was my relation.


Evelyn's Diary. 06 Sep 1685. Sunday. I went to prayer in the Chapell, and heard Dr. Standish. The second sermon was preach'd by Dr. Creighton (age 46), on 1 Thess. 4, 11, persuading to unity and peace, and to be mindfull of our owne businesse, according to the advise of the Apostle. Then I went to heare a Frenchman who preached before the King (age 51) and Queene (age 26) in that splendid Chapell [Map] next St. George's Hall. Their Maties going to masse, I withdrew to consider the stupendous painting of ye Hall, which, both for the art and invention, deserve the inscription in honour of the painter, Signior Verrio (age 49). The history is Edward the 3rd receiving the Black Prince, coming towards him in a Roman triumph. The whole roofe is the history of St. George. The throne, the carvings, &e. are incomparable, and I think equal to any, and in many circumstances exceeding any, I have seene abroad.

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Evelyn's Diary. 06 Sep 1685. About 6 o'clock came Sl Dudley (age 44) and his brother Roger North (age 32), and brought the greate seale from my Lord Keeper (age 47), who died ye day before at his house [Map] in Oxfordshire. the King went immediately to Council; every body guessing who was most likely to succeed this greate officer; most believing it could be no other than my Lord Chief Justice Jefferies (age 40), who had so vigorously prosecuted the late rebells, and was now gone the Western circuit, to punish the rest that were secur'd in the several counties, and was now neere upon his returne. I tooke my leave of his Ma* (age 51), who spake very graciously to me, and supping that night at Sr Stephen Fox's (age 58), I promis'd to dine there the next day.

On 06 Sep 1691 Henry Howard 6th Earl Suffolk (age 21) and Auberie Anne Penelope O'Brien were married. She the daughter of Henry O'Brien 7th Earl Thomond and Sarah Russell Countess Thomond (age 53). He the son of Henry Howard 5th Earl Suffolk (age 64) and Mary Stewart.NOTEXT

On 06 Sep 1711 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 38) and Anne Johnson Countess Strafford were married. She by marriage Countess Strafford. The marriage was described as both advantageous and happy: while Anne brought him a dowry rumoured to be £60000, her letters show their deep mutual affection.

On 06 Sep 1721 Philip Bisse Bishop of Hereford (age 54) died.

On 06 Sep 1748 Bishop Edmund Gibson (age 79) died. He was buried in All Saints Church, Fulham.

John Heathcote 2nd Baronet: In 1689 he was born to Gilbert Heathcote 1st Baronet (age 36). In 1720 John Heathcote 2nd Baronet (age 31) and Bridget White Lady Heathcote (age 15) were married. She by marriage Lady Heathcote of London. On 09 Feb 1733 John Heathcote 2nd Baronet (age 44) was appointed MP Bodmin.

Gilbert Heathcote 3rd Baronet: After 1720 he was born to John Heathcote 2nd Baronet (age 31). On 22 Jun 1749 Gilbert Heathcote 3rd Baronet (age 29) and Margaret Yorke Lady Heathcote (age 16) were married. She the daughter of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 58) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke. In 1770 Gilbert Heathcote 3rd Baronet (age 49) and Elizabeth Hudson Lady Heathcote (age 15) were married. She by marriage Lady Heathcote of London. The difference in their ages was 34 years.

Margaret Yorke Lady Heathcote: On 23 Mar 1733 she was born to Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 42) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

On 06 Sep 1776 James Lenox Dutton (age 63) died. He was buried at Saint Mary Magdalene's Church, Sherborne [Map]. Monument to James Lenox Dutton (age 63) and his second wife Jane Bond sculpted by Richard "The Elder" Westmacott (age 29) in 1791. Remarkble for the quality of the carving and the stone (probably Carrara Marble) and the skeleton. Believed to be called Immortality Trampling Death. Life-sized angel leans on a medallion with profiles of the deceased, underfoot a prostrate skeleton (representing death).

Jane Bond: James Lenox Dutton and she were married. She was born to Christopher Bond. On 29 May 1776 she died.


After 06 Sep 1830. Memorial to Rachel Ives Drake Baroness Boston (deceased) at St Nicholas Church, Whiston [Map].

Rachel Ives Drake Baroness Boston: On 29 Jan 1783 she was born. On 17 Oct 1801 George Irby 3rd Baron Boston (age 23) and Rachel Ives Drake Baroness Boston (age 18) were married. On 23 Mar 1825 Frederick Irby 2nd Baron Boston (age 75) died at Lower Grosvenor Street Belgravia. His son George Irby 3rd Baron Boston (age 47) succeeded 3rd Baron Boston, 4th Baronet Irby of Whaplode and Boston. Rachel Ives Drake Baroness Boston (age 42) by marriage Baroness Boston. On 06 Sep 1830 Rachel Ives Drake Baroness Boston (age 47) died.

On 06 Sep 1849 Bishop Edward Stanley (age 70) died.

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On 06 Sep 1876 Edward Villiers 5th Earl Clarendon (age 30) and Caroline Elizabeth Agar Countess Clarendon (age 19) were married at Harbridge Someroy. She by marriage Countess Clarendon. She the daughter of James Charles Agar 3rd Earl Normanton (age 57) and Caroline Susan Augusta Barrington Countess Normanton (age 41). He the son of George William Villiers 4th Earl Clarendon and Katherine Grimston Countess Clarendon. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 06 Sep 1942 Flying Officer John Birkbeck (age 22) was killed in action. Memorial in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map].

Flying Officer John Birkbeck: Around 1920 he was born to Major Henry Anthony Birkbeck (age 34).