On this Day in History ... 07 January

07 Jan is in January.

1400 Epiphany Rising

1400 Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Forfeiture of Earls

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1536 Death of Catherine of Aragon

1558 Surrender of Calais

On 07 Jan 1114 Henry V Holy Roman Emperor (age 32) and Empress Matilda (age 11) were married. She by marriage Holy Roman Empress. The difference in their ages was 20 years. She the daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 46) and Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England (age 34).

On 07 Jan 1325 Denis I King Portugal (age 63) died. His son Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal (age 33) succeeded IV King Portugal. Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal (age 32) by marriage Queen Consort Portugal.

Around 07 Jan 1345 John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy of Knayth (age 28) and Elizabeth Meinhill Baroness Darcy Knayth and Haversham (age 13) were married.

On 07 Jan 1355 Inês Castro of (age 30) was murdered on the orders of her husband's (age 34) father Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal (age 63) who didn't approve of their marriage, or relationship. He, Peter, subsequently captured two of the murderers and had them executed.

Epiphany Rising

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England (age 32) was forewarned, probably by Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 27), and began to raise an army in London.


On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester, Gloucestershire [Map] Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley (age 40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town. Baron Lumley 1C 1384 forfeit.

Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 26) was beheaded. He had to forfeit the honours and estates he had gained after the arrests of Gloucester and Arundel: Duke Surrey extinct. He retained those he had received before: His brother Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent (age 16) succeeded 4th Earl Kent 6C 1360, 3rd Baron Holand 2C 1354, 8th Baron Wake of Liddell.

John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury (age 50) was captured, tried and beheaded. Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, Baron Montagu 3C 1357, Baron Montagu 1C 1299 forfeit.

Bernard Brocas (age 46) was captured.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 30 Forfeiture of Earls

After 07 Jan 1400. Henry IV's (age 32) Parliament. Also, be it remembered that whereas Thomas Holland, formerly earl of Kent (deceased), John Holland, formerly earl of Huntingdon (age 48), John Montague, formerly earl of Salisbury (deceased), Thomas, formerly Lord Despenser (age 26), and Ralph Lumley (deceased), knight, recently rose up in various parts of England and rode in warlike manner, treacherously, against our lord the king (age 32), contrary to their allegiance, to destroy our said lord the king and other great men of the realm, and to populate the said realm with people of another tongue, they were seized and beheaded in their armed uprising by the loyal lieges of oursaid lord the king; and for that reason all the lords temporal present in parliament, by the assent of the king, declared and adjudged the said Thomas, John, John, Thomas, and Ralph to be traitors for their armed uprising against their aforesaid liege lord, and that they should forfeit as traitors all the lands and tenements that they held in fee simple on 5 January, the eve of the feast of the Epiphany of our lord Jesus Christ, in the first year of the reign of our aforesaid lord [1400], or after, as the law of the land requires, together with all their goods and chattels, notwithstanding the fact that they were killed during the said armed uprising without due process of law.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:

Henry, prince of Wales (age 14).

Edmund, duke of York (age 59).

Edward, earl of Rutland (age 28).

Thomas, earl of Arundel (age 19).

John, earl of Somerset (age 28).

Edmund, earl of Stafford (age 22).

Henry, earl of Northumberland (age 59).

Ralph, earl of Westmorland (age 37).

Thomas, earl of Worcester (age 58).

Michael, earl of Suffolk (age 40).

Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor (age 30).

Thomas, Lord Berkeley (age 49).

John, Lord Charlton.

Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin (age 39).

Thomas, Lord Camoys (age 50).

Thomas, Lord Furnivall (age 39).

Robert, Lord Scales (age 29).

John, Lord Beaumont.

William, Lord Willoughby (age 31).

Hugh, Lord Burnell (age 54).

William, Lord Ferrers of Groby (age 28).

William, Lord Bergavenny (age 58).

John, Lord Lovell (age 60).

Robert, Lord Harrington (age 45).

Richard Lescrope (age 74).

On 07 Jan 1430 Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy (age 33) and Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy (age 32) were married. She by marriage Duchess Burgundy. She the daughter of John "Good Great" I King Portugal (age 78) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal. He the son of John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy and Margaret Wittelsbach Duchess Burgundy. They were third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 07 Jan 1451 Amadeus Savoy VIII Count Savoy (age 67) died. His son Louis Savoy I Count Savoy (age 37) succeeded I Count Savoy.

On 07 Jan 1483 Francis I King Navarre (age 15) died. On 07 Jan 1483 His sister Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre (age 15) succeeded I Queen Navarre, Countess Foix.

On 07 Jan 1535 Edward Stafford 3rd Baron Stafford was born to Henry Stafford 1st Baron Stafford (age 33) and Ursula Pole (age 31).

Death of Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 07 Jan 1536. This yeare, the morrowe after twelve daie being Fridaie and the 7th daie of Januarieb, 1536 the honorable and noble Princes, Queene Katherin (age 50), former wife to King Henrie the VIII (age 44), departed from her worldlie lief at Bugden [Map], in Huntingdonshire, about tenne of the clocke at nightb, and...

Note. Stow and Hall, with other authorities, state that Queen Katharine died on the 8th Jannary, but the correctness of our text as to the day is placed beyond a doubt by the original letter of Sir Edward Chamberleyn (age 52) and Sir Edmund Bedyngfeld (age 57) transmitting this intelligence to Cromwell (age 51), still extant in the Public Record Office, and which runs thus:

"Pleaseth yt yower honorable Maystershipp to be advertysed, that this 7th day of January, abowt 10 of the clock before none, the Lady Dowager was aneled with the Holy Oyntment, Mayster Chamberlein (age 57) and I called to the same; and before 2 of the clock at aftenone she departed to God. Besechyng yow that the Kyng may be advertyscd of the same, and furder to know yower pleasour yn every thyng aperteynyng to that purpose; and, furder, in all other causes concernyng the hows, the servantes, and all other thynges, as shall stand wyth the Kynge's pleasour and yowers."

Note b. This would appear to be an error for 2 o'clock in the afternoon. See preceding note.


Letters 1536. 07 Jan 1536. R. O. St. P. I. 452. 37. Sir Edward Chamberleyn (age 52) and Sir Edm. Bedyngfeld (age 57) to Cromwell (age 51).

This 7th Jan., about 10 a.m., the Lady Dowager (age 50) was annealed with the Holy ointment, Chamberleyn and Bedyngfeld being summoned, and before 2 p.m. she died. Wishes1 to know the King's (age 44) pleasure concerning the house, servants, and other things. The groom of the Chamber here can cere her. Will send for a plumber to close the body in lead.

Note 1. The letter, though signed by two, is written throughout in the first person singular,— apparently by Bedingfield, who was steward of Catharine's household, though he signs second.


On 07 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon (age 50) died at Kimbolton Castle [Map] in the arms of her great friend María de Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 46).

Surrender of Calais

On 07 Jan 1558 the English surrendered Calais to the French following a one week siege. It had been in English hands since 1347. At 6am Thomas Wentworth (age 33), Governor of Calais, surrendered Calais [Map] to François de Lorraine-Guise, 2nd Duke of Guise (age 38), after a seven-day siege. Calais was the last English owned territory in France. The loss was a huge blow for Queen Mary I (age 41) and it is said that upon hearing the news she stated "When I am dead and opened, you shall find 'Philip' and 'Calais' lying in my heart" although the source for this is unknown.

Edward Grimston (age 50) was captured and imprisoned at the Bastille [Map].

PAINTINGS/EWORTH/Thomas_Wentworth.jpg PAINTINGS/CLOUET/Francis_Duke_Guise_2.jpg PAINTINGS/CLOUET/Francis_Guise.jpg PAINTINGS/MOR/Mary_I_of_England.jpg PAINTINGS/EWORTH/Mary1_Eworth_1556.jpg

On 07 Jan 1593 Johann Wettin II Duke Saxe Weimar (age 22) and Dorothea Maria Anhalt were married at Altenburg. He the son of Johann Wilhelm Wettin Duke Saxe Weimar and Dorothea Susanne Palatine Duchess Saxe Weimar.

On 07 Jan 1622 John Kennedy 6th Earl Cassilis and Jean Hamilton Countess Cassilis were married. She by marriage Countess Cassilis. She the daughter of Thomas Hamilton 1st Earl Haddington (age 59).

Around 07 Jan 1649 James Lane 2nd Viscount Lanesborough was born to George Lane 1st Viscount Lanesborough (age 29) and Dorcas Brabazon.

Evelyn's Diary. 07 Jan 1657. Came Mr. Matthew Wren (age 28) (since secretary to the Duke (age 23)), slain in the Dutch war, eldest son to the Bishop of Ely (age 71), now a prisoner in the Tower [Map]; a most worthy and honored gentleman.


After 1658 and before 07 Jan 1659 Charles Goring 2nd Earl Norwich (age 44) and Alice Leman Countess Norwich were married. The earlier date based on the death of her first husband. He the son of George Goring 1st Earl Norwich (age 72).

On 07 Jan 1658 Gilbert Hay 11th Earl Erroll (age 26) and Catherine Carnegie Countess Erroll were married. She by marriage Countess Erroll. She the daughter of James Carnegie 2nd Earl Southesk (age 44). He the son of William Hay 10th Earl Erroll and Anne Lyon Countess Erroll.

On 07 Jan 1689 James Howard 3rd Earl Suffolk (age 69) died at Great Chesterford. He was buried at Waldon Priory and Abbey [Map]. His brother George Howard 4th Earl Suffolk (age 63) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 4C 1603. Anne "Mary" Wroth Countess Suffolk by marriage Countess Suffolk. Baron Howard de Walden abeyant between the his daughter Essex Howard Baroness Griffin and the descendants of his daughter's daughter (age 12).NOTEXT

On 07 Jan 1694 Charles Gerard 1st Earl Macclesfield (age 76) died. His son Charles Gerard 2nd Earl Macclesfield (age 35) succeeded 2nd Earl Macclesfield 1C 1679.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 07 Jan 1719. The Society Balloted for the Officers for this Year ensuing and the present President (age 57), Secretary (age 31), Director (age 41), and Treasurer (age 36) were unanimously Elected and declared.

The Question being proposed wheather or no, any member should have liberty to subscribe for prints in a larger than common proportion, it by way of ballot carryed in the Negative.

On 07 Jan 1762 George Paulett 12th Marquess Winchester (age 39) and Martha Ingoldsby Marchioness Winchester were married.

On 07 Jan 1788 Bishop John Harley (age 59) died.

On 07 Jan 1801 Francis Stuart 10th Earl Moray (age 29) and Margaret Jane Ainslie Countess Moray were married. He the son of Francis Stuart 9th Earl Moray (age 64).

On 07 Jan 1826 John Wodehouse 1st Earl Kimberley was born to Henry Wodehouse (age 27) in Wymondham [Map].


On 07 Jan 1904 Albert Woods Howard (age 87) died.NOTEXT

On 07 Jan 1956 Henry Herbert 7th Earl of Carnarvon (age 31) and Jean Margaret Wallop Countess of Carnarvon (age 20) were married at St James' Episcopal Church, New York. He the son of Henry Herbert 6th Earl Carnarvon (age 57) and Anne Catherine Tredick Wendell Countess Carnarvon (age 55). They were third cousins.

On 07 Jan 1963 Geoffrey Hope-Morley 2nd Baron Hollenden (age 77) and Violet Norris Leverton Baroness Hollenden were married. She by marriage Baroness Hollenden of Leigh in Kent.