On this Day in History ... 10th July

10 Jul is in July.

1359 Funeral of William Greystoke

1460 Battle of Northampton

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1553 Lady Jane Grey Proclaimed as Queen

1559 Henry II of France Dies Francis and Mary "Queen of Scots" Succeed

1645 Battle of Lanport

1648 Battle of St Neots

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 10th July

On 10 Jul 1086 King Canute "The Holy" IV of Denmark (age 44) was killed at St Alban's Priory Odense.

After 10 Jul 1359. Monument to William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (deceased) in St Andrew's Church, Greystoke [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period. On his head he wears the bascinet with a camail. The jupon under which his coat of chain mail may be seen. His sword belt is low on his jupon, horizontal.

After 10 Jul 1359 William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (age 38) was buried at St Andrew's Church, Greystoke [Map] during the Funeral of William Greystoke conducted by Bishop Gilbert Welton and attended by Roger Clifford 5th Baron Clifford (age 26), Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham (age 46) and Thomas Musgrave 1st Baron Musgrave (age 57).

On 10 Jul 1451 King James III of Scotland was born to King James II of Scotland (age 20) and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland (age 17). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Chronicle of Gregory 1460. 10 Jul 1460 And there they mete with the King and foughte manly with the kyngys lordys and mayny, but there was moche favyr in that fylde unto the Erle of Warwycke (age 31). And there they toke the King (age 38), and made newe offycers of the londe, as the chaunceler and tresyrar and othyr, but they occupy de not fo[r]thewith, but abode a seson of the comyng of Duke of York (age 48) out of Irlonde. And in that fylde was slayne the Duke of Bokyngham (age 57), stondyng stylle at his tente, the Erle of Schrovysbury (age 42), the Lord Bemond (age 50), and the Lord Egremond (age 37), with many othyr men. Ande many men were drownyd by syde the fylde in the revyr at a mylle. And that goode knyght Syr Wylliam Lucy (age 56) that dwellyd besyde Northehampton hyrde the gonne schotte, and come unto the fylde to have holpyn the King, but the fylde was done or that he come; an one of the Staffordys was ware of his comynge, and lovyd that knyght is wyffe (age 21) and hatyd hym, and a-non causyd his dethe.

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future King Edward IV of England (age 18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 31), Archbishop George Neville (age 28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham (age 45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.

Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent (age 43) had started the day as part of the Lancastrian army but did nothing to prevent the Yorkist army attacking.

King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 38) was captured.

Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham, 7th Earl Stafford, 8th Baron Stafford.

John Talbot 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 42) was killed. His son John Talbot 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 11) succeeded 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere, 9th Baron Talbot.

Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (age 37) was killed.

John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont (age 50) was killed. His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22) succeeded 2nd Viscount Beaumont, 7th Baron Beaumont.

William Lucy (age 56) was killed apparently by servants of a member of the Stafford family who wanted his wife Margaret Fitzlewis (age 21).

Thomas Tresham (age 40) fought.

William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22) and William Norreys (age 19) were knighted.

Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland was executed following the battle.

The battle was fought south of the River Nene [Map] in the grounds of Delapré Abbey.

Letters and Papers 1528. 10 Jul 1528. R. O. 4492. Sir Rob. Wingfield (age 64) To Tuke.

Wrote on the 8th, sending a letter from one of his spies. Sends him another of the same, showing that the people of these parts were more afeared than needed. The French merchants taken at St. Omer's were released within 24 hours. Calais, 10 July 1528, at 4 in the morning.

P.S.—The sweat has arrived, and has attacked many. Two only are dead: one, a gentleman of Lancashire, named Syngilton, "who was toward the religion of the Rhodes," the other a fisherman.

Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: "First."

Letters and Papers 1528. 10 Jul 1528. R. O. 4493. Sir Rob. Wingfield (age 64) to Tuke.

Wrote at 4 in the morning, and sent a letter received yesterday from a spy. Was informed by the scourer of the West Pale that, notwithstanding the great storm, the inhabitants were driving their cattle to the Marches, and conveying their goods to Guisnes and to this town, by reason of a report that war should be proclaimed between England and France, at Boulogne, at 7. Sent out horsemen to inquire the grounds of it, and comfort the people, assuring them they had nothing to fear. A man has come from Abbeville, who said that upon Wednesday morning, at the opening of the gate, the peasants came and said with a loud voice that the Burgundians had broken the truce, and the Emperor refused to ratify it with England on that account. All this has arisen from the taking of prisoners at St. Omer's. Sends his spy's letter in proof. This morning 20 horsemen armed came from Boulogne to Guisnes, conveying a prisoner, who had been taken by the Burgundians and escaped; and if the writer had not sent horsemen, the inhabitants would have removed their goods and chattels. Four more are dead of the plague. One of the men was of the number of the two sent by my lord of Bath from Paris, named Denham, "a personage of goodly fashion, and marvellously well learned, both in Latin and Greek, but was also right excellent in musical instruments." The other was the keeper of the water-house, excellent in the science of geometry. Both of them were in good health yester even when they went to their beds. Calais, 10 July 1528.

Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: "Second."

Letters and Papers 1528. 10 Jul 1528. R. O. 4489. Tunstal, Bishop of London (age 54), to Wolsey.

Master Staples, the King's chaplain, has been put in possession of the hospital, after election, confirmation, &c., in accordance with Wolsey's letter and the King's pleasure signified to Tunstal (age 54) before his departure from Greenwich. Dares not come to Wolsey, though he is anxious to see him, as nearly all his servants are troubled with the sweat. Had 13 of them sick at once, on St. Thomas's Day. I pray Jesu keep the King and your Grace from it! Has caused general procession to be made, and prayers offered for its cessation. Fulham, 10 July.

Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.

Henry Machyn's Diary. The x day of July [1551] the Kynges (age 13) grace removyd from Westmynster unto Hamtun courte [Map], for ther ded serten besyd the court, and [that] causyd the Kynges grase to be gone so sune, for ther ded in Lo[ndon] mony marchants and grett ryche men and women, and yonge men and [old], of the nuw swett,-the v of K. E. vjth.

On 10 Jul 1551 John Luttrell (age 32) died of sweating sickness.

Diary of Edward VI. 10 Jul 1551. At this time cam the sweat into London, wich was more vehement then the old sweat. For if one toke cold he died within 3 houres, and if he skaped it held him but 9 houres, or 10 at the most. Also if he slept the first 6 houres, as he should be very desirous to doe, then he raved, and should die raving.

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary 1553. 10 Jul 1553. The 10. of July, in the afternoone, about 3. of the clocke, lady Jane (age 17) was convayed by water to the Tower of London [Map], and there received as queene.a After five of the clocke, the same afternoone, was proclamation made of the death of king Edward the sixt, and how hee had ordained by his letters pattents bearing date the 21. of June last pastb that the lady Jane should be heire to the Crowne of England, and the heire males of her body, &c.

Note. a. Dr. Peter Heylyn, in his History of the Reformation, fol. 1674, p. 159, has described the interview supposed to have taken place between the dukes of Northumberland and Suffolk and their daughter the lady Jane, when they waited upon her on the morning of the 10th of July, and then first made known to her the fatal diadem to which she was destined. The scruples of the gentle heiress were overcome with much difficulty, and the whole course of argument, pro et contra, is stated at considerable length. I believe, however, that this is only one of those dramatic scenes in which historical writers formerly considered themselves justified in indulging, as I have not been able to trace it to any earlier authority. Its verisimilitude may indeed be justified by the passage of the duke of Northumberland's speech recorded by our present chronicler (p. 6), "Who, by your and our enticement, is rather of force placed therein, than by her own seeking and request." However, having been adopted by the writer of the Life of Lady Jane Grey in the Biographia Britannica, it is followed as authentic history by many subsequent writers. The more recent authors (including sir Harris Nicolas, Mr. P. F. Tytler, and Mr. Aungier the historian of Syon-house and Isleworth) have placed the scene of this interview at Syon; but Heylyn himself fixed it at Durham-house in the Strand: which was the duke of Northumberland's town mansion, and where the lady Jane's marriage had been celebrated only a few weeks before. Here Heylyn might well suppose she would be lodged at this critical period of her father-in-law's conspiracy. The fact, however, seems to have been otherwise. In the chronicle of the Grey Friars (which will be found in the Appendix) she is stated to have come down the river from Richmond to Westminster, and so to the Tower of London. If, then, she was supposed to have come from Richmond, she may very well have come from Syon, which was also at this time in the hands of the duke of Northumberland.

Note. b. Scarcely any of our historical writers show an acquaintance with these letters patent, though they have been conversant with the substance of them from the recital which is made in queen Jane's proclamation. A copy of the letters patent exists among Ralph Starkey's collections in the Harl. MS. 35, bearing this attestation: "This is a true coppie of Edward the Sixte his Will [this terme is misapplied], takene out of the original! undere the greate scale, which sir Robart Cottone delyvered to the King's Ma tie the xij th of Apprill 1611 at Roystorne to be canseled." From this source the document is printed, in connection with the lady Jane's trial, in Cobbett's State Trials; and Mr. Howard, in his Lady Jane Grey and her Times, pp. 213-216, has described its contents.

It is set forth in these letters patent that the king intended to complete this settlement of the crown by making a will, and by act of Parliament: thus following the precedent of his father Henry the Eighth's settlement, which this was to supersede (see an essay by the present writer in the Archaeologia, vol. xxx. p. 464). But the rapid termination of king Edward's illness prevented these final acts of ratification; and Northumberland, in consequence, could only rely upon the validity of the letters patent, which had passed the great seal upon the 21st of June.

There are, besides the letters patent, two other documents extant, marking the earlier stages of this bold attempt to divert the succession.

Note. 1. The king's "own devise touching the said succession." This was "first wholly written with his most gracious hand, and after copied owt in his Majesties presence, by his most high commandment, and confirmed with the subscription of his Majesties owne hand, and by his highnes delivered to certain judges and other learned men to be written in full order." It was written in six paragraphs, to each of which Edward attached his signature. Burnet has printed the whole in his History of the Reformation, Documents, book iv. no. 10, from the MSS. of Mr. William Petyt, now in the Inner Temple Library. Strype, in the Appendix to his Life of Cranmer, has printed the first four clauses only, from the same manuscript, the fifth and sixth having, as Burnet remarks, been erased with a pen, but not so as to render them illegible nor was it intended to cancel them, for they are followed in the letters patent.

Note. 2. An instrument of the Council, undated, but signed at the head by the King, and at its close by twenty-four councillors, &c. in which they "promise by their oaths and honors to observe, fully perform, and keep all and every article, branch, and matter contained in the said writing delivered to the judges and others." This also is printed both by Burnet and Strype.

Besides these documents, three very important papers in reference to this transaction are, 1. the narrative of chief justice Montagu, printed in Fuller's Church History; 2. sir William Cecill's submission to queen Mary, printed in Howard's Lady Jane Grey and Tytler's Reigns of Edward VI. and Mary; and 3. his servant Alford's statement as to Cecill's conduct at this crisis, written in 1573, and printed in Strype 's Annals, vol. iv. p. 347.

On 10 Jul 1553 Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland (age 17) was proclaimed Queen of England.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Jul 1553. The x day of July was reseyvyd in to the Towre [the Queen Jane (age 17)] with a grett compeny of lords and nobulls of .... after the qwen, and the duches of Suffoke (age 35) her mother, bering her trayn, with mony lades, and ther was a shot of gunnes and chamburs has nott be sene oft be-tweyn iiij and v of [the clock]; by vj of the cloke be-gane the proclamasyon the same [after-]non (of) qwen Jane with ij harold(s) and a trompet blohyng, [declaring] that my lade Mare (age 37) was unlafully be-gotten, and so [went through] Chepe to Fletstrett, proclamyng qwen Jane; and ther was a yong man taken that tym for spykyng of serten wordes of qwen Mare (age 37), that she had the ryght tytle.

On 10 Jul 1559 King Henry II of France (age 40) was killed whilst jousting in celebration of his daughter's (age 14) marriage to Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain (age 32). His son Francis II King France King Consort Scotland (age 15) succeeded II King France: Capet Valois Angoulême. Mary Queen of Scots (age 16) by marriage Queen Consort France. They would reign for eighteen months only with Francis dying in Dec 1560. Francis and Mary would have no issue.

On 10 Jul 1588 Archbishop Edwin Sandys (age 69) died. He was buried in Southwell Minster [Map].

On 10 Jul 1613 Robert "The Elder" Peake (age 62) was paid £13.6s.8d. by the vice-chancellor of the University of Cambridge, "in full satisfaction for Prince Charles (age 12) his picture", for a full-length portrait which is still in the Cambridge University Library.

On 10 Jul 1645 the Battle of Lanport was fought at Langport, Somerset [Map].

Charles Goring 2nd Earl Norwich (age 30) was Colonel of a Regiment of Horse.

On 10 Jul 1648 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland (age 57) fought for the Royalist army, and surrendered, by his account, on condition his life would be spared. He was executed ten months later.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Jul 1656. I returned homeward, passing again through Colchester [Map]; and, by the way, near the ancient town of Chelmsford [Map], saw New Hall, built in a park by Henry VII. and VIII., and given by Queen Elizabeth to the Earl of Sussex, who sold it to the late great Duke of Buckingham, and since seized on by Oliver Cromwell (age 57) (pretended Protector). It is a fair old house, built with brick, low, being only of two stories, as the manner then was; the gate-house better; the court, large and pretty; the staircase, of extraordinary wideness, with a piece representing Sir Francis Drake's action in the year 1580, an excellent sea-piece; the galleries are trifling; the hall is noble; the garden a fair plot, and the whole seat well accommodated with water; but, above all, I admired the fair avenue planted with stately lime trees, in four rows, for near a mile in length. It has three descents, which is the only fault, and may be reformed. There is another fair walk of the same at the mall and wilderness, with a tennis-court, and pleasant terrace toward the park, which was well stored with deer and ponds.

In Jul 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...

10 Jul 1661 Christopher Guise 1st Baronet (age 44) was created 1st Baronet Guise of Elmore in Gloucestershire.

16 Jul 1661 Philip Parker 1st Baronet (age 43) was created 1st Baronet Parker of Arwarton in Suffolk. Rebecca Long Lady Parker by marriage Lady Parker of Arwarton in Suffolk.

21 Jul 1661 Charles Hussey 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Hussey of Caythorpe in Lincolnshire.

21 Jul 1661 Edward Barkham 1st Baronet (age 31) was created 1st Baronet Barkham Waynflete.

25 Jul 1661 John Banks 1st Baronet (age 34) was created 1st Baronet Banks of London by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 10 Jul 1662 Andrew Riccard (age 58) was knighted by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 32).

Pepy's Diary. 10 Jul 1668. So to Cooper's (age 59); and there find my wife and W. Hewer (age 26) and Deb., sitting, and painting; and here he do work finely, though I fear it will not be so like as I expected: but now I understand his great skill in musick, his playing and setting to the French lute most excellently; and speaks French, and indeed is an excellent man.

On 10 Jul 1679. Memorial commissioned by Grace Fane to William Fane (deceased) and Henry Fane (age 39) at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck.

Grace Fane: she was born to Francis Fane and Elizabeth West Baroness Darcy.

William Fane: Around 1639 he was born to Francis Fane and Elizabeth West Baroness Darcy. On 03 Jun 1679 William Fane died.

Henry Fane: In or after 1640 he was born to Francis Fane and Elizabeth West Baroness Darcy. On 27 Nov 1686 Henry Fane died.

On 10 Jul 1679. Memorial to Henry Fane of Fulbeck and Anne Buckley Batson at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck.

Henry Fane of Fulbeck: On 04 May 1739 he was born to Thomas Fane 8th Earl of Westmoreland and Elizabeth Swymmer Countess Westmoreland. On 12 Jan 1778 Henry Fane of Fulbeck and Anne Buckley Batson were married. He the son of Thomas Fane 8th Earl of Westmoreland and Elizabeth Swymmer Countess Westmoreland. On 04 Jun 1802 Henry Fane of Fulbeck died. He was buried at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck. General Henry Fane inherited Fulbeck Hall.

Anne Buckley Batson: Around 1758 she was born to Edward Buckley Batson. On 19 Jan 1838 she died at Fulbeck Hall. She was buried at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Jul 1685. The Count of Castel Mellor (age 49), that greate favourite and prime minister of Alphonso, late King of Portugal, after several yeares banishment, being now receiv'd to grace and call'd home by Don Pedro the present King (age 36), as having ben found a person of the greatest integrity after all his sufferings, desir'd me to spend part of this day with him, and assist him in a collection of books and other curiosities, which he would carry with him into Portugal. Mr. Hussey (deceased), a young gentleman who made love to my late deare child, but whom she could not bring herselfe to answer in affection, died now of the same cruel disease, for wch I was extreamly sorry, because he never enjoy'd himselfe after my daughter's decease, nor was I averse to the match, could she have overcome her disinclination.

Avebury by William Stukeley. Table XIV. Prospect of the Cove [Map] Abury 10 July 1723.

Avebury by William Stukeley. Table XVI. Part of the South Temple from the Central Obelisk [Map] 10 July 1723.

On 10 Jul 1736 Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh was born illegitimately to Edward Walpole (age 30) and Dorothy Clement (age 21).

On 10 Jul 1747 Electress Wilhelmina Caroline Oldenburg was born to Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 24) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 22). She a granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 10 Jul 1759 Catherine Blount Freeman (age 22) died of a malignant fever. She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Armorial Yorke Arms differencede with a crescent to indicate son of the current holder; her husband Charles Yorke (age 36) with an inescutcheon of Freeman Arms quartered with unknown arms two lions passant guardant with a bordure engrailed.

Stylised sarcophagus in white veined marble, bearing a white inscription panel; above is an urn in brown marble against a grey background standing on a base of three steps around which are grouped three putti: two garlanding the urn while the third stands by in dejection with reversed torch; in front of the steps is a portrait medallion and at the base of the sarcophagus is an achievement of arms; signed 'JAMES STUART (age 46), INVT. PR. SCHEEMAKERS (age 68), SCULP. MDCCLXI'.

Catherine Blount Freeman: Around 1737 she was born to William Freeman of Hamels in Hertfordshire and Catherine Blount. On 19 May 1755 Charles Yorke and she were married. He the son of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

On 10 Jul 1827 Reverend John Medley (age 22) and Christiana Bacon (age 20) were married at St Mary and St Peter's Church, Salcombe Regis. Her father John "The Younger" Bacon (age 50) was a witness. She the daughter of John "The Younger" Bacon (age 50) and Susanna Sophia Taylor (age 45).

On 10 Jul 1864 George Charles Beresford was born.

On 10 Jul 1953 Gilbert Bayes (age 81) died.

Births on the 10th July

On 10 Jul 1350 Edmund Berkeley was born to Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th and 3rd Baron Berkeley (age 54) and Katherine Clivedon Baroness Berkeley (age 40).

On 10 Jul 1451 King James III of Scotland was born to King James II of Scotland (age 20) and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland (age 17). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 10 Jul 1586 William Maynard 1st Baron Maynard was born to Henry Maynard of Estaines Parva (age 39) and Susan Pearson.

After 10 Jul 1659 Catherine Tollemache was born to Lionel Tollemache 3rd Baronet (age 35) and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale (age 32).

On 10 Jul 1671 Elizabeth Thornhaugh was born to John Thornhaugh (age 23).

On 10 Jul 1673 John Danvers 3rd Baronet was born to Pope Danvers 2nd Baronet (age 28).

On 10 Jul 1685 Henry Vincent 6th Baronet was born to Francis Vincent 5th Baronet (age 39).

On 10 Jul 1690 Henry Oxenden 4th Baronet was born to George Oxenden (age 38) and Elizabeth Dixwell.

On 10 Jul 1707 William Lowther 1st Baronet was born to Christopher Lowther (age 32).

Around 10 Jul 1715 Thomas Liddell was born to Thomas Liddell (deceased) and Jane Clavering.

On 10 Jul 1724 James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton 3rd Duke Brandon was born to James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon (age 21) and Anne Cochrane Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon (age 18).

On 10 Jul 1736 Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh was born illegitimately to Edward Walpole (age 30) and Dorothy Clement (age 21).

On 10 Jul 1747 Electress Wilhelmina Caroline Oldenburg was born to Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 24) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 22). She a granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 10 Jul 1748 Archibald Douglas 1st Baron Douglas was born.

On 10 Jul 1776 Augustus Richard Butler-Danvers was born to Brinsley Butler 2nd Earl Lanesborough (age 48) and Jane Rochfort Countess Lanesborough (age 38).

On 10 Jul 1796 John Russell was born to William Russell (age 28) and Charlotte Anne Villiers (age 25). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 10 Jul 1798 Elizabeth Grey was born to Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey (age 34) and Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby Countess Grey (age 22).

On 10 Jul 1805 George Thomas Wyndham of Cromer Hall Norfolk was born to George Wyndham (age 39).

On 10 Jul 1830 Alexander Boswell Eliott was born to William Francis Eliott 7th Baronet (age 38).

On 10 Jul 1845 William Ulick O'Connor Cuffe 4th Earl of Desart was born to John Cuffe 3rd Earl Desart (age 26) and Elizabeth Lucy Campbell Countess Desart (age 23).

On 10 Jul 1854 Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford was born to Frederick Walpole (age 31) and Laura Sophia Frances Walpole (age 22).

On 10 Jul 1864 George Charles Beresford was born.

On 10 Jul 1886 John Standish Surtees Prendergast 6th Viscount Gort was born to John Gage Prendergast 5th Viscount Gort (age 37) and Eleanor Surtees (age 29).

On 10 Jul 1897 Bladen Ozro Capell was born to Horace Charles George Arthur Capell (age 29).

On 10 Jul 1908 Rosalie Heathcote-Willoughby-Drummond was born to Charles Strathavon Heathcote-Willoughby-Drummond (age 38) and Muriel Agnes Stuart Erskine.

On 10 Jul 1921 Eunice Mary Kennedy was born to Joseph Patrick Kennedy (age 32) and Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald (age 30).

Marriages on the 10th July

After 10 Jul 1359 Matthew Redman (age 31) and Joan Fitzhenry Baroness Greystoke (age 26) were married.

Before 10 Jul 1557 Thomas Tresham (age 57) and Lettice Peniston (age 72) were married.

Before 10 Jul 1586 Henry Maynard of Estaines Parva (age 39) and Susan Pearson were married. They had eight sons.

Before 10 Jul 1625 Christopher Nugent (age 21) and Anne Macdonnell Baroness Slane were married. She the daughter of Randal "Arranach" Macdonnell 1st Earl Antrim and Alice O'Neill Countess Antrim. He the son of Richard Nugent 1st Earl Westmeath (age 42) and Jane Plunkett Countess Westmeath.

On 10 Jul 1628 John Danvers (age 40) and Elizabeth Dauntsey were married.

On 10 Jul 1628 Thomas Culpepper (age 26) and Katherine St Leger (age 22) were married at Ulcombe, Kent.

On 10 Jul 1645 William Blackett 1st Baronet (age 24) and Elizabeth Kirkley were married at Hamsterley, County Durham [Map].

On 10 Jul 1666 William Langham 3rd Baronet (age 35) and Martha Hay were married.

On 10 Jul 1679 Charles Paulet 2nd Duke Bolton (age 18) and Margaret Coventry (age 22) were married. He the son of Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton (age 49) and Mary Scrope 6th Marchioness Winchester. They were third cousins.

On 10 Jul 1685 Edward Hyde 3rd Earl Clarendon (age 23) and Katherine O'Brien Countess Clarendon (age 22) were married. He the son of Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon and Theodosia Capell.

10 Jul 1690 10 Jul 1690 George Oxenden (age 38) and Elizabeth Dixwell were married.

On 10 Jul 1707 John Cole (age 27) and Florence Wrey (age 22) were married. They had eight children.

On 10 Jul 1712 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 23) and Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater (age 20) were married. She by marriage Countess Derwentwater. He the son of Edward Radclyffe 2nd Earl Derwentwater and Mary Tudor Countess Derwentwater (age 38). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 10 Jul 1728 James FitzGerald (age 13) and Jane Butler were married. He the son of John Fitzgerald Villiers 1st Earl Grandison (age 44) and Frances Carey.

On 10 Jul 1729 Edward Digby (age 36) and Charlotte Fox were married.

On 10 Jul 1797 Francis Mathew 2nd Earl Landaff (age 29) and Gertrude Cecilia La Touche were married.

On 10 Jul 1827 Reverend John Medley (age 22) and Christiana Bacon (age 20) were married at St Mary and St Peter's Church, Salcombe Regis. Her father John "The Younger" Bacon (age 50) was a witness. She the daughter of John "The Younger" Bacon (age 50) and Susanna Sophia Taylor (age 45).

On 10 Jul 1832 Benjamin Welstead (age 57) and Mary Rowley (age 33) were married at St Marylebone Church. The difference in their ages was 23 years.

On 10 Jul 1835 Francis Charles Fitzroy (age 24) and Caroline Octavia Pigot were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 10 Jul 1854 Frederick Walpole (age 31) and Laura Sophia Frances Walpole (age 22) were married. He the son of Horatio Walpole 3rd Earl Orford (age 71) and Mary Fawkener Countess Orford (age 66). They were half second cousin once removed.

On 10 Jul 1858 Montagu Arthur Bertie 7th Earl of Abingdon (age 22) and Caroline Theresa Towneley (age 20) were married. He the son of Montagu Bertie 6th Earl of Abingdon (age 50) and Elizabeth Lavinia Harcourt Countess Abingdon. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 10 Jul 1869 Major William Charles Wolseley (age 34) and Annie Wolseley were married. They were first cousins.

On 10 Jul 1894 Charles Garden Duff aka Assheton-Smith 1st Baronet (age 43) and Mary Elizabeth Brinsley Sheridan Lady Stracey (age 22) were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years.

On 10 Jul 1901 Raleigh Grey (age 41) and Mary Isabel Cadogan (age 51) were married.

On 10 Jul 1916 Guy Randolph Westmacott (age 24) and Edith Victoria Blanche Winn (age 21) were married.

On 10 Jul 1929 Peter William Hoare 7th Baronet (age 30) and Laura Ray Esplen Lady Hoare were married.

On 10 Jul 1935 Christopher Finch-Hatton 10th Earl Nottingham 15th Earl Winchilsea (age 23) and Gladys Széchényi Countess Winchilsea and Nottingham (age 22) were married. He the son of Guy Montagu George Finch-Hatton 9th Earl Nottingham 14th Earl Winchilsea (age 50).

On 10 Jul 1956 Hugh Seymour 8th Marquess Hertford (age 26) and Pamela Therese Louise de Riquet Comtesse de Caraman-Chimay (age 23) were married.

Deaths on the 10th July

On 10 Jul 1086 King Canute "The Holy" IV of Denmark (age 44) was killed at St Alban's Priory Odense.

On 10 Jul 1137 Payn Fitzjohn (age 51) died at Holkham, Norfolk.

On 10 Jul 1264 Isabel Clare Lady Annandale (age 37) died. She was buried at Gisborough Priory [Map].

On 10 Jul 1399 Laurence Pavenham (age 64) died at Thenford, Northamptonshire.

On 10 Jul 1410 William Valois died.

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future King Edward IV of England (age 18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 31), Archbishop George Neville (age 28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham (age 45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.

Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent (age 43) had started the day as part of the Lancastrian army but did nothing to prevent the Yorkist army attacking.

King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 38) was captured.

Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham, 7th Earl Stafford, 8th Baron Stafford.

John Talbot 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 42) was killed. His son John Talbot 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 11) succeeded 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere, 9th Baron Talbot.

Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (age 37) was killed.

John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont (age 50) was killed. His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22) succeeded 2nd Viscount Beaumont, 7th Baron Beaumont.

William Lucy (age 56) was killed apparently by servants of a member of the Stafford family who wanted his wife Margaret Fitzlewis (age 21).

Thomas Tresham (age 40) fought.

William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22) and William Norreys (age 19) were knighted.

Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland was executed following the battle.

The battle was fought south of the River Nene [Map] in the grounds of Delapré Abbey.

On 10 Jul 1475 Alexander Radclyffe (age 59) died.

On 10 Jul 1516 Alice Fitzhugh (age 68) died.

On 10 Jul 1527 Marion Margaret Maxwell (age 55) died.

On 10 Jul 1539 Adrian Fortescue (age 63) was executed at Tower Hill [Map] for treason. He doesn't appear to have had a trial. Neither is it clear what his crime was supposed to have been. Probably dis-agreeing with Henry VIII over religion. The Order of St. John of Jerusalem has advocated devotion to Blessed Adrian as a martyr since the 17th century and Pope Leo XIII beatified him on 13 May 1895.

On 10 Jul 1551 John Luttrell (age 32) died of sweating sickness.

On 10 Jul 1555 Mary Salisbury (age 82) died in Warkworth [Map].

Before 10 Jul 1557 Mary Parr (age 57) died.

Before 10 Jul 1557 Lettice Peniston (age 72) died.

On 10 Jul 1559 King Henry II of France (age 40) was killed whilst jousting in celebration of his daughter's (age 14) marriage to Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain (age 32). His son Francis II King France King Consort Scotland (age 15) succeeded II King France: Capet Valois Angoulême. Mary Queen of Scots (age 16) by marriage Queen Consort France. They would reign for eighteen months only with Francis dying in Dec 1560. Francis and Mary would have no issue.

On 10 Jul 1584 William "The Silent" Orange Nassau I Prince Orange (age 51) died. His son Philip William Orange Nassau I Prince Orange (age 29) succeeded William I Prince Orange.

On 10 Jul 1588 Archbishop Edwin Sandys (age 69) died. He was buried in Southwell Minster [Map].

On 10 Jul 1590 Charles Habsburg Spain II Archduke Austria (age 50) died at Graz.

On 10 Jul 1591 Anna of Hesse aka Cleves (age 61) died.

On 10 Jul 1615 Henry Neville of Billingbear (age 51) died.

On 10 Jul 1625 Christopher Nugent (age 21) died.

On 10 Jul 1632 Henri I Duke of Nemours (age 59) died. His son Louis I Duke Nemours (age 17) succeeded Duke Nemours.

On 10 Jul 1646 Robert Brooke died.

On 10 Jul 1669 (some say 11th) Robert Staypylton died. On 15 Jul 1669 he was buried near the vestry door in Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 10 Jul 1671 Philippe Charles Bourbon (age 2) died.

On 10 Jul 1682 Thomas Howard (age 61) died.

On 10 Jul 1683 Richard Coote 1st Baron Coote (age 63) died. His son Richard Coote 1st Earl Bellomont (age 47) succeeded 2nd Baron Coote.

On 10 Jul 1686 Frances Howard Lady Downing (age 53) died at Salem Massachusetts.

On 10 Jul 1686 Bishop John Fell (age 61) died.

On 10 Jul 1710 Charles Hoghton 4th Baronet (age 66) died. His son Henry Hoghton 5th Baronet (age 32) succeeded 5th Baronet Hoghton of Hoghton Tower in Lancashire.

On 10 Jul 1715 Karl Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 1) died at Gotha.

On 10 Jul 1721 Edmund Bacon 4th Baronet (age 49) died. His son Edmund Bacon 5th Baronet (age 27) succeeded 5th Baronet Bacon of Mildenhall in Suffolk.

On 10 Jul 1722 Esther de la Tour du Pin Marquise de Gouvernet died at her home in St James' Square.

On 10 Jul 1724 Frederick Johann Adolf Wettin (age 2) died at Dahme.

On 10 Jul 1726 Arthur Kaye 3rd Baronet (age 56) died. His nephew John Lister-Kaye 4th Baronet (age 28) succeeded 4th Baronet Kaye of Woodsome Hall in Yorkshire.

On 10 Jul 1740 Johann Georg Adolf Wettin died at Weißenfels, Burgenlandkreis, Saxony-Anhalt.

On 10 Jul 1759 Catherine Blount Freeman (age 22) died of a malignant fever. She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Armorial Yorke Arms differencede with a crescent to indicate son of the current holder; her husband Charles Yorke (age 36) with an inescutcheon of Freeman Arms quartered with unknown arms two lions passant guardant with a bordure engrailed.

Stylised sarcophagus in white veined marble, bearing a white inscription panel; above is an urn in brown marble against a grey background standing on a base of three steps around which are grouped three putti: two garlanding the urn while the third stands by in dejection with reversed torch; in front of the steps is a portrait medallion and at the base of the sarcophagus is an achievement of arms; signed 'JAMES STUART (age 46), INVT. PR. SCHEEMAKERS (age 68), SCULP. MDCCLXI'.

Catherine Blount Freeman: Around 1737 she was born to William Freeman of Hamels in Hertfordshire and Catherine Blount. On 19 May 1755 Charles Yorke and she were married. He the son of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

On 10 Jul 1786 Samuel Disney (age 48) died.

On 10 Jul 1792 Thomas Wentworth 5th Baronet (age 66) died. Baronet Wentworth of West Bretton extinct.

On 10 Jul 1833 George James Welbore Agar 1st Baron Dover (age 36) died. His son Henry Agar-Ellis 3rd Viscount Clifden (age 8) succeeded 2nd Baron Dover.

On 10 Jul 1838 George William Frederick Osborne 6th Duke Leeds (age 62) died. His son Francis Godolphin Osborne 7th Duke Leeds (age 40) succeeded 7th Duke Leeds, 7th Earl of Danby, 7th Viscount Osborne, 7th Viscount Latimer, 7th Baron Osborne of Kinderton, 8th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton, 14th Baron Darcy of Knayth, 11th Baron Conyers. Louisa Catharine Caton Duchess Leeds (age 45) by marriage Duchess Leeds.

On 10 Jul 1843 Admiral James Hillyar (age 73) died.

On 10 Jul 1843 Charles Kendal Bushe (age 76) died.

On 10 Jul 1847 Hyacinthe Anne Littleton (age 34) died at Teddesley Hall, Penkridge.

On 10 Jul 1849 Alexandra "Lina" Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 6) died.

On 10 Jul 1866 Evelyn Amelia Taylour died.

On 10 Jul 1880 Edward Auriol (age 75) died.

On 10 Jul 1884 Charles Compton Domvile 2nd Baronet (age 62) died. His brother William Compton Domvile 3rd Baronet (age 59) succeeded 3rd Baronet Domvile of Templeogue and Santry House in the County of Dublin.

On 10 Jul 1889 William Houghton Clabburn Shawl Manufacturer (age 69) died.

On 10 Jul 1890 Francis Seymour 1st Baronet (age 76) died. His son Albert Victor Francis Seymour 2nd Baronet (age 3) succeeded 2nd Baronet Seymour of the Army.

On 10 Jul 1902 Friederike Karoline Juliane Glücksburg (age 90) died.

On 10 Jul 1913 Caroline Charlotte Ireland Lady Ramsay (age 69) died.

On 10 Jul 1915 Georgiana Emily Calcraft died.

On 10 Jul 1915 Constance Maria Georgiana Peters (age 72) died.

On 10 Jul 1916 Foster Hugh Egerton Cunliffe 6th Baronet (age 40) died from wounds at Ovillers-la-Boisselle, France. He was buried at Bapaume Post Military Cemetery, Albert, Somme. His brother Robert Neville Henry Cunliffe 7th Baronet (age 32) succeeded 7th Baronet Cunliffe of Liverpool in Lancaster.

On 10 Jul 1920 John "Jacky" Fisher 1st Baron Fisher (age 79) died. His son Cecil Vavasseur Fisher 2nd Baron Fisher (age 52) succeeded 2nd Baron Fisher of Kilverstone in Norfolk. He was given a national funeral at Westminster Abbey.

On 10 Jul 1921 William Craven 4th Earl Craven (age 52) drowned having fallen overboard during Cowes Week. His body washed ashore two days later. His son William Craven 5th Earl Craven (age 23) succeeded 5th Earl Craven in Yorkshire, 5th Viscount Uffington, 11th Baron Craven of Hamstead Marshall in Berkshire. Mary Williamina George Countess Craven by marriage Countess Craven in Yorkshire.

On 10 Jul 1947 Tatton Lane-Fox Willoughby (age 86) died.

On 10 Jul 1949 Laura Gwendolen Galton (age 89) died.

On 10 Jul 1953 Gilbert Bayes (age 81) died.

On 10 Jul 1956 George Edward Shiffner (age 55) died.

On 10 Jul 1977 William Randle Starkey 2nd Baronet (age 77) died. His son John Philip Starkey 3rd Baronet (age 39) succeeded 3rd Baronet Starkey of Norwood Park in Nottinghamshire.

On 10 Jul 1990 Lieutenant-Colonel Ronald Dawnay (age 82) died.

On 10 Jul 1999 John Scott-Ellis 9th Baron Howard de Walden 5th Baron Seaford (age 86) died.