On this Day in History ... 10 July

10 Jul is in July.

1359 Funeral of William Greystoke

1460 Battle of Northampton

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1553 Lady Jane Grey Proclaimed as Queen

1559 Henry II of France Dies Francis and Mary "Queen of Scots" Succeed

1645 Battle of Lanport

1648 Battle of St Neots

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

On 10 Jul 1086 King Canute "The Holy" IV of Denmark (age 44) was killed at St Alban's Priory Odense.

After 10 Jul 1359. Monument to William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (deceased) in St Andrew's Church, Greystoke [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period. On his head he wears the bascinet with a camail. The jupon under which his coat of chain mail may be seen. His sword belt is low on his jupon, horizontal.

Funeral of William Greystoke

On 10 Jul 1451 King James III of Scotland was born to King James II of Scotland (age 20) and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland (age 17). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

1460 Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future King Edward IV of England (age 18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 31), Archbishop George Neville (age 28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent (age 43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham (age 45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.

King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 38) was captured.

Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444, 7th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 8th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

John Talbot 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 42) was killed. His son John Talbot 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 11) succeeded 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall 1C 1295, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere 1C 1309, 9th Baron Talbot 1C 1331.

Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont (age 37) was killed.

John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont (age 50) was killed. His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22) succeeded 2nd Viscount Beaumont 2C 1440, 7th Baron Beaumont.

William Lucy (age 56) was killed apparently by a member of the Stafford family who wanted his wife Margaret Fitzlewis (age 21).

Thomas Tresham (age 40) fought.

William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22) and William Norreys (age 19) were knighted.

Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland was executed following the battle.

The battle was fought south of the Northampton [Map] River Nene in the grounds of Delapré Abbey.

Chronicle of Gregory 1460. 10 Jul 1460 And there they mete with the kynge and foughte manly with the kyngys lordys and mayny, but there was moche favyr in that fylde unto the Erle of Warwycke (age 31). And there they toke the kynge (age 38), and made newe offycers of the londe, as the chaunceler and tresyrar and othyr, but they occupy de not fo[r]thewith, but abode a seson of the comyng of Duke of York (age 48) owte of Irlonde. And in that fylde was slayne the Duke of Bokyngham (age 57), stondyng stylle at hys tente, the Erle of Schrovysbury (age 42), the Lord Bemond (age 50), and the Lord Egremond (age 37), with many othyr men. Ande many men were drownyd by syde the fylde in the revyr at a mylle. And that goode knyght Syr Wylliam Lucy (age 56) that dwellyd besyde Northehampton hyrde the gonne schotte, and come unto the fylde to have holpyn the kynge, but the fylde was done or that he come; an one of the Staffordys was ware of hys comynge, and lovyd that knyght ys wyffe (age 21) and hatyd hym, and a-non causyd hys dethe.

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1528. 10 Jul 1528. R. O. 4493. Sir Rob. Wingfield (age 64) to Tuke.

Wrote at 4 in the morning, and sent a letter received yesterday from a spy. Was informed by the scourer of the West Pale that, notwithstanding the great storm, the inhabitants were driving their cattle to the Marches, and conveying their goods to Guisnes and to this town, by reason of a report that war should be proclaimed between England and France, at Boulogne, at 7. Sent out horsemen to inquire the grounds of it, and comfort the people, assuring them they had nothing to fear. A man has come from Abbeville, who said that upon Wednesday morning, at the opening of the gate, the peasants came and said with a loud voice that the Burgundians had broken the truce, and the Emperor refused to ratify it with England on that account. All this has arisen from the taking of prisoners at St. Omer's. Sends his spy's letter in proof. This morning 20 horsemen armed came from Boulogne to Guisnes, conveying a prisoner, who had been taken by the Burgundians and escaped; and if the writer had not sent horsemen, the inhabitants would have removed their goods and chattels. Four more are dead of the plague. One of the men was of the number of the two sent by my lord of Bath from Paris, named Denham, "a personage of goodly fashion, and marvellously well learned, both in Latin and Greek, but was also right excellent in musical instruments." The other was the keeper of the water-house, excellent in the science of geometry. Both of them were in good health yester even when they went to their beds. Calais, 10 July 1528.

Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: "Second."

Letters and Papers 1528. 10 Jul 1528. R. O. 4492. Sir Rob. Wingfield (age 64) To Tuke.

Wrote on the 8th, sending a letter from one of his spies. Sends him another of the same, showing that the people of these parts were more afeared than needed. The French merchants taken at St. Omer's were released within 24 hours. Calais, 10 July 1528, at 4 in the morning.

P.S.—The sweat has arrived, and has attacked many. Two only are dead: one, a gentleman of Lancashire, named Syngilton, "who was toward the religion of the Rhodes," the other a fisherman.

Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: "First."

Letters and Papers 1528. 10 Jul 1528. R. O. 4489. Tunstal, Bishop of London (age 54), to Wolsey.

Master Staples, the King's chaplain, has been put in possession of the hospital, after election, confirmation, &c., in accordance with Wolsey's letter and the King's pleasure signified to Tunstal (age 54) before his departure from Greenwich. Dares not come to Wolsey, though he is anxious to see him, as nearly all his servants are troubled with the sweat. Had 13 of them sick at once, on St. Thomas's Day. I pray Jesu keep the King and your Grace from it! Has caused general procession to be made, and prayers offered for its cessation. Fulham, 10 July.

Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Diary of Edward VI. 10 Jul 1551. At this time cam the sweat into London, wich was more vehement then the old sweat. For if one toke cold he died within 3 houres, and if he skaped it held him but 9 houres, or 10 at the most. Also if he slept the first 6 houres, as he should be very desirous to doe, then he raved, and should die raving.

On 10 Jul 1551 John Luttrell (age 32) died of sweating sickness.

Henry Machyn's Diary. The x day of July [1551] the Kynges (age 13) grace removyd from Westmynster unto Hamtun courte [Map], for ther ded serten besyd the court, and [that] causyd the Kynges grase to be gone so sune, for ther ded in Lo[ndon] mony marchants and grett ryche men and women, and yonge men and [old], of the nuw swett,-the v of K. E. vjth.


Lady Jane Grey Proclaimed as Queen

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary 1553. 10 Jul 1553. The 10. of July, in the afternoone, about 3. of the clocke, lady Jane (age 17) was convayed by water to the Tower of London [Map], and there received as queene.a After five of the clocke, the same afternoone, was proclamation made of the death of king Edward the sixt, and how hee had ordained by his letters pattents bearing date the 21. of June last pastb that the lady Jane should be heire to the Crowne of England, and the heire males of her body, &c.

Note. a. Dr. Peter Heylyn, in his History of the Reformation, fol. 1674, p. 159, has described the interview supposed to have taken place between the dukes of Northumberland and Suffolk and their daughter the lady Jane, when they waited upon her on the morning of the 10th of July, and then first made known to her the fatal diadem to which she was destined. The scruples of the gentle heiress were overcome with much difficulty, and the whole course of argument, pro et contra, is stated at considerable length. I believe, however, that this is only one of those dramatic scenes in which historical writers formerly considered themselves justified in indulging, as I have not been able to trace it to any earlier authority. Its verisimilitude may indeed be justified by the passage of the duke of Northumberland's speech recorded by our present chronicler (p. 6), "Who, by your and our enticement, is rather of force placed therein, than by her own seeking and request." However, having been adopted by the writer of the Life of Lady Jane Grey in the Biographia Britannica, it is followed as authentic history by many subsequent writers. The more recent authors (including sir Harris Nicolas, Mr. P. F. Tytler, and Mr. Aungier the historian of Syon-house and Isleworth) have placed the scene of this interview at Syon; but Heylyn himself fixed it at Durham-house in the Strand: which was the duke of Northumberland's town mansion, and where the lady Jane's marriage had been celebrated only a few weeks before. Here Heylyn might well suppose she would be lodged at this critical period of her father-in-law's conspiracy. The fact, however, seems to have been otherwise. In the chronicle of the Grey Friars (which will be found in the Appendix) she is stated to have come down the river from Richmond to Westminster, and so to the Tower of London. If, then, she was supposed to have come from Richmond, she may very well have come from Syon, which was also at this time in the hands of the duke of Northumberland.

Note. b. Scarcely any of our historical writers show an acquaintance with these letters patent, though they have been conversant with the substance of them from the recital which is made in queen Jane's proclamation. A copy of the letters patent exists among Ralph Starkey's collections in the Harl. MS. 35, bearing this attestation: "This is a true coppie of Edward the Sixte his Will [this terme is misapplied], takene out of the original! undere the greate scale, which sir Robart Cottone delyvered to the King's Ma tie the xij th of Apprill 1611 at Roystorne to be canseled." From this source the document is printed, in connection with the lady Jane's trial, in Cobbett's State Trials; and Mr. Howard, in his Lady Jane Grey and her Times, pp. 213-216, has described its contents.

It is set forth in these letters patent that the king intended to complete this settlement of the crown by making a will, and by act of Parliament: thus following the precedent of his father Henry the Eighth's settlement, which this was to supersede (see an essay by the present writer in the Archaeologia, vol. xxx. p. 464). But the rapid termination of king Edward's illness prevented these final acts of ratification; and Northumberland, in consequence, could only rely upon the validity of the letters patent, which had passed the great seal upon the 21st of June.

There are, besides the letters patent, two other documents extant, marking the earlier stages of this bold attempt to divert the succession.

Note. 1. The king's "own devise touching the said succession." This was "first wholly written with his most gracious hand, and after copied owt in his Majesties presence, by his most high commandment, and confirmed with the subscription of his Majesties owne hand, and by his highnes delivered to certain judges and other learned men to be written in full order." It was written in six paragraphs, to each of which Edward attached his signature. Burnet has printed the whole in his History of the Reformation, Documents, book iv. no. 10, from the MSS. of Mr. William Petyt, now in the Inner Temple Library. Strype, in the Appendix to his Life of Cranmer, has printed the first four clauses only, from the same manuscript, the fifth and sixth having, as Burnet remarks, been erased with a pen, but not so as to render them illegible nor was it intended to cancel them, for they are followed in the letters patent.

Note. 2. An instrument of the Council, undated, but signed at the head by the King, and at its close by twenty-four councillors, &c. in which they "promise by their oaths and honors to observe, fully perform, and keep all and every article, branch, and matter contained in the said writing delivered to the judges and others." This also is printed both by Burnet and Strype.

Besides these documents, three very important papers in reference to this transaction are, 1. the narrative of chief justice Montagu, printed in Fuller's Church History; 2. sir William Cecill's submission to queen Mary, printed in Howard's Lady Jane Grey and Tytler's Reigns of Edward VI. and Mary; and 3. his servant Alford's statement as to Cecill's conduct at this crisis, written in 1573, and printed in Strype 's Annals, vol. iv. p. 347.


On 10 Jul 1553 Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland (age 17) was proclaimed Queen of England.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 10 Jul 1553. The x day of July was reseyvyd in to the Towre [the Queen Jane (age 17)] with a grett compeny of lords and nobulls of .... after the qwen, and the duches of Suffoke (age 35) her mother, bering her trayn, with mony lades, and ther was a shot of gunnes and chamburs has nott be sene oft be-tweyn iiij and v of [the clock]; by vj of the cloke be-gane the proclamasyon the same [after-]non (of) qwen Jane with ij harold(s) and a trompet blohyng, [declaring] that my lade Mare (age 37) was unlafully be-gotten, and so [went through] Chepe to Fletstrett, proclamyng qwen Jane; and ther was a yong man taken that tym for spykyng of serten wordes of qwen Mare (age 37), that she had the ryght tytle.

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Henry II of France Dies Francis and Mary "Queen of Scots" Succeed

On 10 Jul 1559 King Henry II of France (age 40) was killed whilst jousting in celebration of his Elizabeth Valois Queen Consort Spain (age 14) marriage to Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain (age 32). His son Francis II King France King Consort Scotland (age 15) succeeded II King France: Capet Valois Angoulême. Mary Queen of Scots (age 16) by marriage Queen Consort France. They would reign for eighteen months only with Francis dying in Dec 1560. Francis and Mary would have no issue.

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On 10 Jul 1586 William Maynard 1st Baron Maynard was born to Henry Maynard of Estaines Parva (age 39) and Susan Pearson.

On 10 Jul 1588 Archbishop Edwin Sandys (age 69) died. He was buried in Southwell Minster [Map].

On 10 Jul 1613 Robert "The Elder" Peake (age 62) was paid £13.6s.8d. by the vice-chancellor of the University of Cambridge, "in full satisfaction for Prince Charles (age 12) his picture", for a full-length portrait which is still in the Cambridge University Library.


Battle of Lanport

On 10 Jul 1645 the Battle of Lanport was fought at Langport [Map].

Charles Goring 2nd Earl Norwich (age 30) was Colonel of a Regiment of Horse.

Battle of St Neots

On 10 Jul 1648 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland (age 57) fought for the Royalist army, and surrendered, by his account, on condition his life would be spared. He was executed ten months later.


1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

In Jul 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...

10 Jul 1661 Christopher Guise 1st Baronet (age 44) was created 1st Baronet Guise of Elmore in Gloucestershire.

16 Jul 1661 Philip Parker 1st Baronet (age 43) was created 1st Baronet Parker of Arwarton in Suffolk. Rebecca Long Lady Parker by marriage Lady Parker of Arwarton in Suffolk.

21 Jul 1661 Charles Hussey 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Hussey of Caythorpe in Lincolnshire.

21 Jul 1661 Edward Barkham 1st Baronet (age 31) was created 1st Baronet Barkham Waynflete.

25 Jul 1661 John Banks 1st Baronet (age 34) was created 1st Baronet Banks of London by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 10 Jul 1662 Andrew Riccard Merchant (age 58) was knighted by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 32).

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On 10 Jul 1679. Memorial commissioned by Grace Fane to William Fane (deceased) and Henry Fane (age 39) at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck.

Grace Fane: She was born to Francis Fane and Elizabeth West Baroness Darcy.

William Fane: Around 1639 he was born to Francis Fane (age 28) and Elizabeth West Baroness Darcy (age 58). On 03 Jun 1679 William Fane (age 40) died.

Henry Fane: In or after 1640 he was born to Francis Fane (age 29) and Elizabeth West Baroness Darcy (age 59). On 27 Nov 1686 Henry Fane (age 46) died.

On 10 Jul 1679 Charles Paulet 2nd Duke Bolton (age 18) and Margaret Coventry (age 22) were married. He the son of Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton (age 49) and Mary Scrope 6th Marchioness Winchester. They were third cousins.

On 10 Jul 1679. Memorial to Henry Fane of Fulbeck and Anne Buckley Batson at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck.

Henry Fane of Fulbeck: On 04 May 1739 he was born to Thomas Fane 8th Earl of Westmoreland (age 38) and Elizabeth Swymmer Countess Westmoreland. On 12 Jan 1778 Henry Fane of Fulbeck (age 38) and Anne Buckley Batson (age 20) were married. He the son of Thomas Fane 8th Earl of Westmoreland and Elizabeth Swymmer Countess Westmoreland. On 04 Jun 1802 Henry Fane of Fulbeck (age 63) died. He was buried at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck. General Henry Fane (age 23) inherited Fulbeck Hall.

Anne Buckley Batson: Around 1758 she was born to Edward Buckley Batson. On 19 Jan 1838 Anne Buckley Batson (age 80) died at Fulbeck Hall. She was buried at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck.

On 10 Jul 1683 Richard Coote 1st Baron Coote (age 63) died. His son Richard Coote 1st Earl Bellomont (age 47) succeeded 2nd Baron Coote.


On 10 Jul 1685 Edward Hyde 3rd Earl Clarendon (age 23) and Katherine O'Brien Countess Clarendon (age 22) were married. He the son of Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon and Theodosia Capell.

Evelyn's Diary. 10 Jul 1685. The Count of Castel Mellor (age 49), that greate favourite and prime minister of Alphonso, late King of Portugal, after several yeares banishment, being now receiv'd to grace and call'd home by Don Pedro the present King (age 36), as having ben found a person of the greatest integrity after all his sufferings, desir'd me to spend part of this day with him, and assist him in a collection of books and other curiosities, which he would carry with him into Portugal. Mr. Hussey (deceased), a young gentleman who made love to my late deare child, but whom she could not bring herselfe to answer in affection, died now of the same cruel disease, for wch I was extreamly sorry, because he never enjoy'd himselfe after my daughter's decease, nor was I averse to the match, could she have overcome her disinclination.

On 10 Jul 1712 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 23) and Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater (age 20) were married. She by marriage Countess Derwentwater. He the son of Edward Radclyffe 2nd Earl Derwentwater and Mary Tudor Countess Derwentwater (age 38). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Avebury by William Stukeley. Table XIV. Prospect of the Cove [Map] Abury 10 July 1723.

Avebury by William Stukeley. Table XVI. Part of the South Temple from the Central Obelisk [Map] 10 July 1723.

On 10 Jul 1724 James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton 3rd Duke Brandon was born to James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon (age 21) and Anne Cochrane Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon (age 18).

On 10 Jul 1748 Archibald Douglas 1st Baron Douglas was born.

On 10 Jul 1759 Catherine Blount Freeman (age 22) died of a malignant fever. She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map]. Armorial Yorke Arms differencede with a crescent to indicate son of the current holder; her husband Charles Yorke (age 36) with an inescutcheon of Freeman Arms quartered with unknown arms two lions passant guardant with a bordure engrailed.

Stylised sarcophagus in white veined marble, bearing a white inscription panel; above is an urn in brown marble against a grey background standing on a base of three steps around which are grouped three putti: two garlanding the urn while the third stands by in dejection with reversed torch; in front of the steps is a portrait medallion and at the base of the sarcophagus is an achievement of arms; signed 'JAMES STUART (age 46), INVT. PR. SCHEEMAKERS (age 68), SCULP. MDCCLXI'.

Catherine Blount Freeman: Around 1737 she was born to William Freeman of Hamels in Hertfordshire and Catherine Blount. On 19 May 1755 Charles Yorke (age 32) and Catherine Blount Freeman (age 18) were married. He the son of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 64) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

Charles Yorke: On 30 Dec 1722 he was born to Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 32) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke. On 30 Dec 1762 Charles Yorke (age 40) and Agneta Johnson (age 22) were married. He the son of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 72) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke. On 17 Jan 1770 Charles Yorke (age 47) was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal.


On 10 Jul 1793 John Span Plunket 3rd Baron Plunket was born to William Conyngham Plunket 1st Baron Plunket (age 29).


On 10 Jul 1833 George James Welbore Agar 1st Baron Dover (age 36) died. His son Henry Agar-Ellis 3rd Viscount Clifden (age 8) succeeded 2nd Baron Dover 3C 1831.


On 10 Jul 1838 George William Frederick Osborne 6th Duke Leeds (age 62) died. His son Francis Godolphin Osborne 7th Duke Leeds (age 40) succeeded 7th Duke Leeds, 7th Earl of Danby 2C 1674, 7th Viscount Osborne, 7th Viscount Latimer, 7th Baron Osborne of Kinderton, 8th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton, 14th Baron Darcy of Knayth, 11th Baron Conyers 1C 1509. Louisa Catharine Caton Duchess Leeds (age 45) by marriage Duchess Leeds.

On 10 Jul 1845 William Ulick O'Connor Cuffe 4th Earl of Desart was born to John Cuffe 3rd Earl Desart (age 26) and Elizabeth Lucy Campbell Countess Desart (age 23).

On 10 Jul 1854 Robert Walpole 5th Earl Orford was born to Frederick Walpole (age 31) and Laura Sophia Frances Walpole (age 22).

On 10 Jul 1858 Montagu Arthur Bertie 7th Earl Abingdon (age 22) and Caroline Theresa Towneley (age 20) were married. He the son of Montagu Bertie 6th Earl Abingdon (age 50) and Elizabeth Lavinia Harcourt Countess Abingdon. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 10 Jul 1886 John Standish Surtees Prendergast 6th Viscount Gort was born to John Gage Prendergast 5th Viscount Gort (age 37) and Eleanor Surtees (age 29).

On 10 Jul 1920 John "Jacky" Fisher 1st Baron Fisher (age 79) died. His son Cecil Vavasseur Fisher 2nd Baron Fisher (age 52) succeeded 2nd Baron Fisher of Kilverstone in Norfolk. He was given a national funeral at Westminster Abbey.


On 10 Jul 1921 William Craven 4th Earl Craven (age 52) drowned having fallen overboard during Cowes Week. His body washed ashore two days later. His son William Craven 5th Earl Craven (age 23) succeeded 5th Earl Craven in Yorkshire 2C 1801, 5th Viscount Uffington, 11th Baron Craven of Hamstead Marshall in Berkshire. Mary Williamina George Countess Craven by marriage Countess Craven in Yorkshire.

On 10 Jul 1935 Christopher Finch-Hatton 10th Earl Nottingham 15th Earl Winchilsea (age 23) and Gladys Széchényi Countess Winchilsea and Nottingham (age 22) were married. He the son of Guy Montagu George Finch-Hatton 9th Earl Nottingham 14th Earl Winchilsea (age 50).

On 10 Jul 1938 Davina Darcy 18th Baroness Darcy of Knayth was born to Mervyn Horatio Herbert 17th Baron Darcy of Knayth (age 34) and Vida Cuthbert Baroness Darcy (age 28).

On 10 Jul 1956 Hugh Seymour 8th Marquess Hertford (age 26) and Pamela Therese Louise de Riquet Comtesse de Caraman-Chimay (age 23) were married.